Skip to main content

Full text of "Notes and Queries"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fi^om automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

a qhttp: //books. google. com/ 




Hotel and QntrlM, Jin. as, 1906, 


iMeDtum of Sntercommunicatton 



"When foand, make • not* ot" — Caftaih Ccttli. 

Jour:^P^ECEM?EB, 1904. 


nrauiHaB a* >bb 


HoUi ud Qntri.., j„. «_ 



•■ •• •••»* 

•• • . ..- 

: : :••• 


% ^ebinm of Inttrcommnniration 



••Wb»n found, nutlet a not* of." — Caftaim Ccttlb, 

No. 27. [s"".?.".] Saturday, Ji;ky 2, 1904, { 

Thick FauHPrsicic. 




supplied promptly on discount terms. 

BOUND BOOKS.— Tbeir STOCK lnolade« a very foil selection of Classical English Authors and 
Writers of the Day in choice Bindings ; while customers can rely on the BINDING OF THEIR 
OWN BOOKS being done with every care for their insUuclions. STRONG CHEAP 
BINDING for Public Libraries and Book Societies. 

CURRENT of LITERATURE), published in the middle of each month fur over fifty years, 
will be sent on application. They gunmutee all diligence in FINDING BOOKS, however 
unimportant or obscure, and execute with discretion COMMISSIONS AT AUCTION. 

EXPORT DEPARTMENT,— To this all the above points apply ; but they will be Rlad to give any 
information as to terms and detail», or references to a olieittHe unusually representative throughout 
llie world. 

8NGRAVINGS and AUTOGRAPHS.— Collections of these will bo found at their West-End House. 
:V, PICCADILLV, where special Catalogues are issued from time to time. 

LIBRARY ARRANGEMENT.— They can give expert attention to the complete FITTING-UP of 
MENT of those existing, and the execnUon of a LIBRARY CATALOGUE. 


They can always, at short notice, inspect and value Libraries or smaller Collections 
of Books, Prints, &c., in Town or Country, and remove them on purchase for cash, 
without expense or trouble to the Seller. THEY ALSO VALUE FOR INSURANCE 

CENTRAL HOUSE: 140. STRAND, W.C, near Waterloo Bridge; 

WEST-END HOUSE: 37, PICCADILLY, W., opposite St. James's Church. 

Booksellers to bis Majesty the King. 

Telegraphic Address: Bookmkx, London. Codes: Dkicooe Jc A B C. Telephone: Centsal IflS 

Founded is Tower Street, City, 1816. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. no^'-s.iL jrLY2.i9M. 

euiTumiBip or &b #«i-i 

•MP* for nlubio vu\y 
Ortt tB»Uoc«. B<j> vi;. A 

\' to unilertAke 

>A.L, M Pw-lB*r wtUi 

,1.1 pro0i»»cu. Aod great 

A<ldrvft« i-r A^t-fiiitiiivnt. tuUDK >Ct. Id 
AtbeuAQni l'r««a. Hrram'i DalldlDgB, Ch«nc«rT 

BNOLISH miNITrKR. *'i •' i-iri i « i.;< ..i i. ( h ima, OLD 
RItTCll Ac. who dMlie to !■ M,Y ar« 

kr« ftloftT* prepu-ed to rite full ''' 

'■ Bz«nlB« wall ro«r Mood. H« 

From Jolitt ol 0*SBl doth tirlnr hli r^-tlfrM. 

ANCBSTKY. Knglisb. S 
TKACHD from frrATB Hfc' 
And Bmlffr^Dt Vimllit* -Mr. UL) 
But*r. Kttdl, UphsM f^rfcaoad. (.Mawt. 



', and Anierioan, 

!ur . WHft ot Kniclknd 
\M. 17, n*(l(ordCirciia, 



^ KUTU 4>»ullftRlmim nr pMtli l(l< M.lorHls MaaUn 
TKAMOlt.StUKatJ aiorxi ijaiM. urMoi a Bailiiiiin CKUMrr Lu«' 

k. London, W. 



(McoiberorKnichah kod } 
MkM the fonilkfalec <>r«*-t- 
Ab«tr»etf from WIIU, l.-ti«ne«rr i' 
t«ra«BMJ<Vtcml «Ttd«>nc«» ID Rn|[l*ii^ .^|'"LlArl■l not irrifti>J 

Abtrr*TMt«d Latin UncvmMU L'upled. Bxtandad, and Trmntlated. 

Foreio lieM«reh«« imrrtad oot Eoqu<rt«B lnrli*d. Mr. (.iillcton'* 
I'rlvftir (»tl#cU(»fit «rw wonh canttiiuac lor ri«e«. 

Antiquartan and nnetitlDe Matvrtal aMrcbtd (or and Copied at Ibe 
Urtttaft M«Mam aad oth«r Archive*. 



(lk« UHAllRHHAt 1. ritltfi(i. Lu . rt)l>lubera«nd I'riBMit, 

C<ii>: - < ' ' offft wMeh the pea ehp* villi perfedl 

1f^.: At. per do<ea. ruled or pi&ib. New I'ucfeet 

■Iff . ' P'»i> 

/^^^ ., _ '10.1 Tb* LeadeabaU Pr«ee, Lid . c«nti*t b* 

f*>p«>o»iW« Un b&« luM uf UJU. bf tn or oibarwlaa. OopUcAta eoptM 
abvatd b« rciaiaad. 

STICKPHAST PASTE Sa miles better than Gam 
for lUekiHff IB Srrepi, Jtiininr l^ocn, Ac. M , 6d.. aao 1<. witb 
•troog. McfiU Brttali (Doca Tori. (^*»d two eumpa to eoter poataga 
unpla BotUe. laelndlvit Itraeta Futor?, ABflAr Loaf Onari, 
haUmi — . - - . 

tAr ■ 


tintrMt. ft-C. Uf all Stadaoara. Btickphaac Pmu atieka. 

KUW BBADY. prIfB 10*. (W. Bot. 




with Introau«llDD l>r JOOSfH KNIOHT. PS.A. 

Tint Iad«x l« doable ttir si"* <>r prrtinu* our* ,, \- .•oouln* i.i 
addition to cha aeuai Indf i . . 

of WrlMn. witb a Ll«t 
cooetant Contntmtork e-ac*" 

the rliflii: or IncreAalog iu- . ., ,..„.. ^, ,.., „„„ ^ „„ 

Quniberprlat«dl«Ujallcd, amUhc &rp« haa U«aa tli*Uibul«4. 

Prrt bf poet, lOi lU 
JOHN C. FaA»CI«, Xo/r. ,ifiJ Qurntt OBo*. Hrvame llttitdJnga, tC. 


l-» pltad.BonatlorOB wbat 4ab|ect x^aicwtedced the worU oeor 
UChe nioet •■r.eit H-»>tflD<ler« •scapi rUaa- naie weati - 
araatUowhtaop. t«-ia. Johe Uriyht Htrcet Mimtintiiam 



rRAMClR. rnoter (if the Ath4H^um. S«u* oHd UiMr*#f, Ac , It 
pnpuiil to «t'HHlT BDTIMATIU lar Ui tIMl ol IIUUK. )t>W6. 


Last Week's ATHEN^UM contains Articles on 




NEW NOVELS:— Fort Amity; Nature'.^ Comedian; Wrong Side Out; Brothers; The Apprentice; 

Coming Home to Roo8t ; Joalina Newings; Lychgate Hall; The Pool-KjUer; The Byways of 

Braithe ; A Prince of Cornwall ; Le Visage fimervoill^. 


OUR LIBRARY TABLE: — A RassoChinese Empire; The Pan-Germanio Doctrine ; Harry Fomissat 

Home ; Early Associations of Archbishop Temple ; The Jewish Kncyclopaedia ; Printers' Fie, 1904 ; 

C'est Servi ; Le Chofx de la Vie ; Qutzkow et la Jeunc AUemagoe. 


SCIENCE :— The Penetration of Arabia; Societies: Meetings Next Week ; Go!«ip 
PINE ARTS.— Carfax's Gallery; The Egypt Exploration Fund's Exhibition ; The Fiench Primitives 

Sales ; Oos.sip. 
MUSIC :—' H61fcne ' ; 'La Navarraiie'; 'Kigoletto'; 'The Flying Datcbman'; Gossip; Performaoi 

Next Week. 
DRAMA:— 'La Montansier'; 'Antoinette Sabrier'; 'Les Coteaux da Medoc' ; 'La Sorciire'; Thi 

' Alcestis ' at Bradtield ; Gossip. 

nt ATHENjEOM, every SATO RD AT, price THREEPENCE, of 
JOHN C. FRANCIS, Athennnm Office, Bream's Boildingi, Ch«noery Lane. B.O. 

10^ 8. II. JuLv 2. 1901.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


CONTENT8.-N0. 27. 
■OTES . -Lfllefj ot CowjH-r, 1 -CoIkIcii BII<no(;rmphy, »- 
I BI«ok DnK Allfy, W«gtniiu»ter, '■ — DfAceudjinU of Uu-y. 
|(j>ieen of Sctiti. «— Cwdltml Oludlccioni — 'Tlie Mk» 
I Iiupuilent M»n Uvlog '— " The bcntlAo vlilon," 7. 

ICBHIKS:— "Oo *D;«btr« Bod ilo aoytblng " — Swctt 
[yiunlly — Croquet or Triot|uot— ' Fdlftlry AnotuU Mltoel- 
|l*ny '—King o( Sweden on the Balance of Power— "Blrdj 

of a feather" — 'Thf Goipel of God'i Anointed '—Quota- 
tion In RiiKkiii, S— Gernmn-BnKHih Dictionary— Beer aold 
litltbout a Licence— On t and Athenian Ailmlral— Blackett 
|Famlly— St. Heltina Mnlal — Kunebtrn, Flnniih Poet— 

Bennett of Lincoln-" KolUweRt"— Female Incendiary', W 
' — Laneaabire Tiuut, 10. 

BBPLIBS : First Wife of Warren Haitlngi, lu — BIbllo- 
L||ra|«by of PnblUhlnij. 11-Ramle, IJ-Well-known Bpl- 
|t»ph—" Alias" In the Sixteenth Century— While Turluiry 
-France and Civilization — Bunney, l;( — "There's not a 
fcrlroe" — Cold Harliour— Flaying Alive, 14— KentUh Ou»- 
T t^m uu Baater Day— The Lobitbouie, LS — Tltuladoet— 
I Trial of Vneen Caroline — Pho'be Heaael, the Stepney 
1 Amaaoo— " Th» lietler the day," 16— Tea a> a Meal— Poltj 
' Flamlly— Our Oldeit Military Officer— Mother Sbipton, 17 
— Hertlnrd BurouKh Seal— Dryd«'n Portralta— Poems on 
SbalDOtieare— Dictionary of Kof;lUh Dialect Synonyma— 
r Legaud of Conttance— Audyn Kajuily. 18— Paste— Mayor's 
j Seal for Conlirmatlon— Tynte Book-plale, 111. 

3TE3 OK BOOKS : -Thomas's ' Swimming '-■ Printers' 
ie ' — Banderson's Life of Bums. 

Joe4 to Correspondents. 


[ The following letters are copied from quarto 
iuU8cript books long in the pos-session 
Ciiarlotte, youtiger daughter of Joseph 
Itepheti Pratt, LL.B. of Trinity Hall, 1805, 
©Unveil to the fourth stall of Peterborough 
Cathedral, 28 March, 1808, who died 3 April, 
1838. a<t. 77. She married, 5 October, 181.3, 
the paridh church of South CoUingham, 
Totts, my uncle Joseph Mayor, Fellow of 
Johu'ii College, Cambridge, who held the 
L^torj' of Soutli CoUingham to his death, 
•\pril, 1860. His widow died 21 October, 

(The volume from which the present instal- 
leiit is taken is bound in half-calf, and has 
I the fly-le«ftiie following notes: "Charlotte 
lyor." "The contents of this book to 
ge 181, were copiefl from a Manuscript 
ok by Mrs. Judith Madan," 
J On p. 1 we read : — 

I" As Ro many niontlu, my dear Mario, arc to pass, 
pfore I can no|>e to converaa with you, I Iiavo a 
Klden Ihouclit, very pleasing to nie, to throw 

gather my IhoiiKhts, and tlioae of others, as they 
^our, on any inu niliitj/ and importaiU subject, 
^tbout /ornusJily or disguitic : and I am persuaded, 

ould it please Uod to take me into eternity before 

your return, yon will value the faithful tranBcrijit 
of a heart that /oi'r« and eilctmn you. If my life is 
prolonticd, it will serve as a testimony that I am 
ever iiiinilful of you, and with the greatest truth, 
and most tender iifTection. my dear Maria's* faithful 
friend, as well as aU'eclionate mother, 

"J. Mauan." 
On pp. 182-3 we read : — 

"(The following was writt.en by Mrs. Cowper, on 
a loose bit of iiajjer, in Mrs. Madan's M8, book, 
from which all in this book, m jar, has been 
copied. ) " 

The angel writer of this precious manuscript is 
(as she has in the former part mentioned concerniui; 
a pious man) ' translated to that kingdom, where, 
after a most exemplary life, she, by an easy transi- 
tion from what she has l>een on earth, ihiues forth, 
I doubt not, as an antjel of light.' She entered into 
glory this year ITsI, Dec' 7th. Her honoured 
remains now rest in i>t. Ueorge's Burying ground. 
Mount Street, lirosvenor Square. The following 
significant and valuable text I added under her 
name, etc., upon her gravestone. 'Thou shall 
cuiiio to lliy grave in a full ace, like as a shock of 
corn Cometh in his season,' Job v. 'X. 

" How am I indebted to God for such a parent, 
What thanks I owe for his vouchsafement of her so 
long ! He hath now takt>n her into lii« re«t, and 
given her that glorious inheritance purchased for 
believers, by the Redeemer of the world. Praised 
be His Name ! And how can I sufhciently acknow- 
ledge the Lord's goodness, for the consolations she 
has been permitted to leave me, in her inimitably 
pious manuscripts ! U rich be<iuei<t ! My soul, thou 
art largely and liberally sniiplied with .spiritual food, 
pray that it may l>e duly sanctiKcd, leading thee on 
m the paths of righteousness, till thou arrive at the 
gate of glory, and meet with her again." 

I am happy to add that Mrs. Cowper, 
following in her mother's steps, bequeathea to 
her family at least five quarto note-books iu 
her own hand, full of letters from John 
Newton, Cowper, the Countess of Huntingdon, 
&c , poems by her "Sister Maitland." They 
have been honoured in the third and fourth 
generation of owners, by careful and loving 
jjerusal, and three of the five have been 
placed in my hands. The firtit in.stalment of 
Cowper letters is valuable as being written 
from Huntingdon, and addres-sed to Martin 

In pp. 147-.'>3 is a copy of the letter written 
to Lady Hesketh, 12 July, 17e:. (Wright's 
edition, i. 33-5). On collation with Wright's 
text I find (Wright, p. 33, four lines From 
beginning) '' all that pleasure I proposed," 
where Wright has " which I proposed " ; 
Wright, p, 31, 1. 9, "closed the conference," 
MS. "closed up the conference"; Wright, 
p. 34, 1. 10, " two considerations," MS. " t/iree 
con.siderations " ; Wright, p. 34, 1. 13, ''the 
three cardinal articles,' MS. "these cardinal 
articles " ; p. 34, 1. 8 from foot, " Testameuts," 

" Note in later hand : " Her daughter 
Cowper [Maria Frances Cecilia CowiierJ." 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- s. ii. jr.v 2. i9m. 

CAKen:": p. 3."i, 1.2. "that which." 
It": p. Z'l. 1. 4, "in liaving." MS. 
K^ ;' i>. .^">, 1. :•. -heart." MS. 
After ■■ w«>ril of God. ' p. .1.'», 1. 1.3. 
script T-uppiies much that ha.s beeu 
. printeii text$. Add :— 
:en have I wished, either that I could 
in such a manner as to make it the 

riucii'le of all my conduct, or that I 
r and roundly get rid of it all, even to 
'U{<Ie a:id the least bias in its favour, 
siaired of ever conijiasaing the former, 
e strokes that I felt u^ion my conscience, 
17 intervals, when i rejected ever so 
:::<:• .ir^unients it is built U|>on, have 
ry sensible prvofs, that I never should 
i Ut:er. Three and thirty years of my 
«r,il ill this manner, balanciu): betweaii 
rld-^iity. and leaving the u|v>not of all, 
i vIe<:ina:ion of a liein;; built for eternity, 
d up at the universal judement, which 
I wo;:ld never hipjien. \Vhat a terrible 
; my cverlastiiij; interests, to a jwriod 
i wi:r.>;-u; ai>|.ieal ! and at which every 
ildonod ,;ui!t must be pronounced astaiu 
:'::ii dreadful condition, wliilel was grow- 
y mere insensible to my duty, tho'at the 
■.-.o; '.o«s convinced of the truth of the 
>ASc .i :ny all-niereiful Maker to vifit me 
•.:«'. for which 1 will be ever thank- 
.c;i the hour of discivline was vast, and 

had done its work, lie nas likewise 
:•■•.•. me with such clear apprehensions of 
ii'.s •iiv'.ne revelation, and such delight- 
rJ tr.-i: all shnuid be forjiiven. .ind for- 
I'.d iv.;: return to Him. as 1 trust will 
;e ■.;-.*. Xt let this appear <tr;ui);e to 
r 'Ausivi. .i« i; vloes to many, tiiat my 
: if increased without any .idditional 

1 *r#ai>:e lae. It is oalUHi enthusiasm 
i: 'V.iy U-TZi' this passage in ^t. I'aul,* 
ived by ;.:racf. !hrov..:h fai:h, and that 

: -. :; U ' ■. •'•'" •.'' '.>' ■ !.' Tile ar^auienls 
.»v. v.r ft '.his i;lorio«s cau«e. are more 
iu: -o ] Tv've :iic truth of it ti- any man: 
ir: :« ?>' oi:cn en^raged to vote on the 
::At :;■.< y tv.l to produie coaviction, till 
.-.: :<> i'.v'.ko upon the rock, and melt it 

1 ti'.s >'\v;i corruy-tion. and the necessity 
an .i:<>;iciv.en;. My dear Cousin, may 

,*:!::,:: rut tis—" 

e\t bocins acaiii, "May this ever- 
jth." r. 3.'>. 1- !■». *• comfort. " MS. 
•is": I. I'?. " that yott can." M.S. "vou 
The j>o>t-;oript i* omitieil in the JlS. 

. litlerfrom W. f. soon after his removal 
ittvii'sat St. AUvin'sto Huntingdon. He 
!•,« very ill at l>r, O.'s anvl 10, after his 
i". he went to Huntingdon. 
To M. M>dan]. 

Huntingdon, June 0-1, ITlVi. 
'.. Maktin.— I have long had a desire to 
vu. indeed ever since it pleasevl tio»l to 
me the i^rfcci health lx)th of my mind 
and have with ditKculty prevailed uiH>n 

* Ephwian* U. ». 

myself to defer it, till I had left .»Jt. Albans. I 
have suppressed my im|>atieiice to do it hitherto, 
in the full persuasion that a letter from me in a 
state of •nlaiij:m-ii'. would be more acceptable to 
you. than anything I could send from that «u«/x(7r-f 
•luarter. Blcaied be tJod: 1 am indeed ■nlatijitJ, 
and you, who know so well, the spiritual, as well 
as the ordinary imiiort nf fha' word, will easily 
apprehend how much 1 mean to crowd into it. 

-Martin, 1 have never forgot. nor e%-er shall forget, 
the instruction you gave me, at our interview in niy 
chambers. It was the first lesson of the kind I hacl 
e%-er heard with attention, jierhaja I may say, the 
hrst I evyr heard at all. .\Md noiwiihstanding the 
terrible disorder of mind I fell into soun after, not 
all the thousand deliriums that atiiicted me. have 
been able to efface it. .My Heavenlv Fatlier in- 
tendetl it should be to me an earnest of his lovo. 
which 13 the rea.son 1 have not lost it : but, bv his 
blessing ujion it. it has boen a kev to me. together 
with the assistance of his grace", to ri-ht under- 
standing of the .Scriptures ever since. 1 bless hi* 
holy name for every sigh, and everv groan, and 
everv tear I have shed in my illness. He woundctli 
and his hands make whole :• they heal the wounds 
which he himself hath made for our chastisement 
and those deejicr wounds which by our sins wo have 
indicted upon ourselves. 

You remember the iX)or wretch whose illness so 
much resembleil mine, and you renieml>tr too, how- 
he was seen "cloalheil, and in hi* right mind, and 
sitting at the feet of .Tesu»."t I thank (ioil I 
resemble liim in my recovery, and in the blessed 
effei:t< ot II. as well as in my distemper. I'rav for 
me. Martin, that I ever may, and belie%-e me 'that 
I suppress much, lest I should alarm even vou, bv 
the warmth of my expressions : but you misht reail 
It in my eyes. 

• iivc my love to all your family, and to your 
mother. ' 

Vours. Martin, verv thankfully, 
and very atfectionately. 

Pp. 15.3-7 :- ^^'' '-'• 

W. Cs answer to M Madan. 
My Dkak Martin. -1 am exceedinglv oblicetl to 
vou for the etter with which you w-.^ so kSd to 

ho» o th.uU It must be tor you totindopportanitiea 

whT h V m ^"' .* '"" ■'■"" '"^J"'*" »" niiet wUh one 
whivh \ou eai bestow u|<.u me, without i.reindice^ 

kn^w'to't a'-rr'-,"-- A H"o-fr.'4"ne whom I 

ortL •'amkuoi' u'on;;-. V :^t ''*'""« -"•« 

than all t Ke eui „env" o » X ot^",* '" T °'"^' 

have receive.!: BlessinmwhLh i i '''?""«!■ ^ 
all.,H>»siWe pr«leniSi"^Xrsmi,v,''r* forf"««l 
hairs ui«)n my head. A life of il,U?'** "h' ^'•■*»^ 
years. s,>ent without tiod I \[i''Z{:^\:^\ll 

Job V, IS. 

io*s.ii.jri.v2.i9tM.] notp:s and queries. 

u^n others, unci u|ion myself too, for a Chriatian, 
with initnoialitiea enough lo ataiti me u blsok tiiia 
sink nie aa deep, u ever aiiiner fell, were circuni- 
atance* which might well drive me to that degjiair 
in which you saw me, when once it had iiloaatd 
God to let loose ray conscience upon me, and to 
make mo sensible of my wickedness. Kighl months 
did I continue in that terrible condition. cxpcctinR 
day and night when the thunderbolt should fall 
that was to oe my last and final visitation from the 
Almighty. And whatever niiiture of insanity there 
might be in these anprehensions (and doubtless 
there was much of that) still there waa this mix- 
ture of reason in them, that I certainly appre- 
hended no more, than my soundest judgment must 
acknowledge I had deserved. At tne end of that 
period, it pleased God, at once, and as it were by 
a touch, to restore me to the use of my reason, and 
to accompany that blessiui; with two others of 
inestimable vulue, and which I trust in his great 
mercy he *'ill not suffer me to forfeit hereafter, 
even faith in his dear SSon, and a most intimate 
and comfortable asaurance of complete forgiveness. 
Uh, who can express my joy at this happy time ! 
that harmony and peace of heart, which a perfect 
reconciliation with our Ueavenly Father alone can 
irive, dissolved me into tears of joy, and the 
delightful sense of it still dwells with me ! 

I have thought myself happy often in the gratifi- 
cation of my wretched iiassions and affections, but 
I now felt how much I had been mistaken, and thai 
I bad disgraced the name of happiness by such a 
foolish misajiplication of it, nor would 1 exchange 
one hour of my present comfort, for ten thousand 
years of the utmost felicity I ever enjoyed before. 
The book you recommend to me, I read at St. 
Alban's, and with great pleasure, and with great 
conviction. I plead KU'lty to the doctrine of original 
corruption, derived tome from my great progenitor, 
for in my heart I feel the evidences of it, that will 
not bo disputed. I rejoice in the doctrine of im- 

fnted righteousness, for without it, how should 
be justitied ? My own righteouenoss is a rag, a 
feeble, defective attempt, insufficient of itself to 
obtain the pardon of the least of tuy offences, much 
more my justification from them all. My dear 
Martin, tin jn-i'l'- that makes these truths unpalat- 
able, but pritif has no business in the heart of a 
CArwd'an. 1 Imrrowed the book ot St. Albaa's but 
intend to buy it. I read there likewise Doddridge's 
t^ermous on Kegeneration, and his Rise and Pro- 
gress of Religion in the Soul, and was highly de- 
lighted with them both. I love these subjects, 
next to the Word itself, they are my daily bread, 
and I beg you would mention tome any other books 
of that kind you think may be of use to me. I 
always loved reading, but I never loved it so much, 
for these topics had no charms for me once, and 
now all others are insipid. 

Yours, my dear Martin, 
with my affectionate respects to Mrs. M. 
July 19, 1765, Huntingdon. 

I*p. 160-1 :- 

Part of a letter from Wm. Cowper to my son M. 

Febr' 10th, 176B. 

Unwio baa furnished me with your Collection of 
Hymns, and bespoke the musiu for them. Mrs. 
Unwin plays well on the harpsichord, and, I doubt 
not, those sonin of Sion will sound sweetly in the 
ears of one, so lat«ly escaped from the tbuoden of 

Sinai : The time past sufHces me,' lohavc lived 

the life of the Gentiles : I can lay my hand on my 
heart, and say with the Ajiostle -.f " the life 1 live, 
I live by the faith of the Son of God " ; thought, 
word, and deed, devoted to his service, and may 
they be so for ever. 1 mention not this, in the 
spirit of boasting, God forbid ! but that you, to- 
gethcr with me, may give praise to the glory of his 
grace, who haa interposed, by such wonderfulmeons, 
for the salvation of so vile a sinner. Perhaps I 
have many friends who jiity me ruined in my pro- 
fession, stript of my preferment, and banished from 
all my old acquaintan<^e. They wonder I can sus- 
tain myself under these evils, au<l expect that 1 
should die broken hearted : and if myself were 
all I had to trust to, so perhaps I miRht ; nay, I 
believe, certainly should, but the disciples of Christ 
have bread to eat which the world knows not of.J" 
The hope of Israel "faintoth not, neither is weary ":§ 
and peace, and joy in the Holy .Spirit, are cH'ectual 
preservatives against worldly sorrow. I have lost 
indeed a good deal of that dung{| the Apostle 
speaks of, out the treasure hid in the field is an 
infinite compensation for such losses. 

I hope to go through the commonplace 
books, extinct all that is new of Cowper's, 
and calendar the rest. 

John E. B. Mayor. 


(See 10"- S. i. 4H1.) 


SocietA Pontjiniana, Toroato ordinaria del 21 Marzo,. 
1847 [For the recejjtion of Richard Cobdea as 
a member of Academy.] [Naples, 1S47.1 8vo. 
8207. h. 1. (0.) 

Discorsi iironun/.iati al Banohotto dato in Livorno 
a Richard Cobden, il I'J Maggie, 1847. Livorno. 
1847. 8vo. 8245. f. 6. 


Eloquent and Powerful .Speech in the House of 
Commons, July 6, 184,S, on Mr. Hume's motion 
for Parliamentary Reform and Retrenchment. 
Manchester, C. Chorlton [184«1. 8vo, pp. 12. 

Sjieeoh in the House of Commons February IS, 1848 
[on the Expenditure of the Country]. .Man- 
chester, A. Heywood [18481. 12nio. 813.). a. o. 

National Defences. Letters of Lord Eltesmero and 
the Duke of Wellington, with the Speech of 
Richard Cobden at the Free Trade Meeting in 
Manchester. London, 1818. 8vo. 1398. 1. 

Financial Reform Tracts. No. (i. The National 
Budget for 1849, by Richard Cobden, Esq., in 
a Letter to Robertson Gladstone, Esq.. ..with 
a re|iort of the public meeting held in the 
Concert Hall, Liverpool. December 30, 184S. 
London : Standard of Frtedom office. 8vo, 
pp. 16. 


Reform and Retrenchment. The Speeches of 
Richard Cobden, T. M. Gibson, and J. Bright, 
Esqs., in the Free Trade Hall, on Wednesday 

• 1 Peter iv. 3. 
: Cf. John iv. 32. 
II Philippians iii. 8. 

t (ialatians ii. 20. 
§ Isaiah xl. 38. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [1(P8.ii.jclv 2.1901. 

;, JftDtiary 10, 1S49. Speciiilly retioi^ceJ. 
3ater, Chu. (jhorlton. Sco, [tp. 12. 
: Richard Cobden, Ebq-i M.F., on Peace, 
ial Refortn, Colonial BBfortn. and other 
e, delivered during 1S49. Printed by 
lion oF, SDd kindly revised by, Mr. Cob- 
xiodoD. CImrlea Gilpin. Liverpool, G. 
^ ijon. %vo, pp. .TJi, 232, — The colophoo 
iverpool : J. R. Williams, Printer, 
:hapel," and the prefsee, dated 31 De- 
, ISia, is Bianed J. R. W. The apeeohes 
d are : Defence of the National 

(Maocheeter, January 10); Reducliou 
onal Expenditure (Uoaee of Commons, 
ry 26) ; Burdeni of Real Property 
of Commons, March S) ; Vindication of 
rade. Financial Reform, &c. (VV'akefield, 
]) ; Financial Reform (I.eeda, Ajiril 12) ; 
.tionai Arbitration (House of Commons, 
t) : Urdnance Ksti mates (House of Com- 

July 18) : Kassian Interx'ention in 
■y (IxiDdoQ, July 23) ; Two Speeches at 
Peace Conjrrcsfl {.VuRust ^ and 24) ; 
in Loan (London, October 8) ; London 
Meeting (October .%) ; Forty-ShillinK 
Id Francliiae ^ (Birmingham, Novem- 
also London, November 'J6) ; Revival of 
ion, ^[lectal Hurdens on Land, Fitiaiicial 
rliamentary Hoforni, Extenaion of the 
e, and Forty-Khillinr Freeholds ( Leoda, 
ler 18) ; Colonial Reform, Extension of 
tfraRe, and Forty- Shilling Freeholds 
her 20). Letter (December IS, ]fUS1 to 
erpool Financial Reform Association. 

the Ruasiau Loan, delivered at the 

Tavern, January 18. Landon, liiSD. 
23. a. 13. 

irlianieotary and National Reform Aaao- 

National Reform Tracts Nos. 21, 23, 

Proceedintta at the Fourth Monthly 
of National Reform Association, with 
lechea of Sir J. Walmaley and Richard 
. London [1851). 8vo. 8138. df. 5. (I.) 

the Fourth Monthly Soiree of the 
U Parliamentary and Financial Reform 
tiou. May 2f}, l!i51. London [ISolj. 8vo. 


are got up in India. The Origin of 
■meee War. Fourth edition, London, 
I k Frederick G. Cash, 1853, Hvo, pp. 59. 

le Proceedings of the Peace Conference 
jurgh, October, 1853. With the Speeches 
ird Cobden. London. 8vo, 812.>. e, 52. 
3, in three letters. Second edition. Loq. 
imea Ridgway, 1853. 8vo, pp. HO. 

lition, revised, with a preface. London, 

don [print4?d), 1853- 8vo. 8138. a. 

■ edition. London, ISSi. 8vo. 8026, ee. 

^e Mechanics' Institution at Barnaley 
Re-opening of the New Lecture Hall, 
25, 18.53. In 'British Blotjuence of 
leteenth Century. Literary Addresses. 
banes,' London, 1S55 [185*]. 8vo. 1205. 
there does not appear to have been a 

p&nii)hlet edition, but it is printed in the 
ADnata of Barnaley,* 

What Xext and Next? London, 1SS6. Svo. 8028, b. 

- Fifth edition. Pp. .50, London, J. Ridxwftr, 
lf*56. 8vo. 8028. d, 12. (4.) 

Remarks ou the Law of Partnership and Limited 
Liability. By Wfilliam] S[haw] Lindsay, Ksq., 
M.P., and Richard Cobden, Esq., M.P. 
London, 1856, 8vo. pp. 2S). — Containa two 
lettera by Cobden. VSiS. b, 15. 


On the Probable Fall in the Value of Gold. By 
Michael Chevalier. Translated from the French, 
w i th a preface bylR ich ard Coliden , M anchester, 
Alexander Ireland ik Co., 1859, Svo, pp. xvi.196. 
822i. b. SA. 

- — Third edition. Manchester, 13iS9. 8vq, 
pp. xvi-196. M.F.L. 

Letter from R. Colnlen, Esq., M.P., to Mr. Alder- 
man Healey, Chairman of the Ccjustitutional 
Defence Association, Rochdale. Paris, jtme 4, 
18U0, Rochdale, Robert Lawton, Crawn folio, 
ft y -sheet. — This is preserved in an election 
scrap-book in the Kocbdale Free Library. 


Letter from Mr. Cobden, M,P,, to Henry Aah worth, 
Esq., upon the Present State of International 
Maritime Law as affecting the Righu of Bel. 
liferents and Neutrals. Manchester, Alex. 
Ireland k Co., 1862. 8vo, pp. IB. MJ.L. 

Maritime Law and BolliKerent Rights. Speech of 
Rii^hard Cobden advoeatine a refonn of Inter- 
national Maritime Law, delivered to the Man- 
chester Chamber of (ikimmerce, October 25, IS62. 
Revised and corrected by the Author. Man- 
chester, A. Ireland & Co. [1862.1 8vo, pp. Xt. 
6955. bb. 

For speech on the Cotton Famine Relief see under 


Cobden (R.). The Three Panics, an Historical 
Episode. Second edition. London, 1862, 8vo, 
pp. 152. M.F.L, 

Third edition, London, Ward k Co,, 1882. 

8vo, pp. 152, SOae. 0. 23. 

Fifth edition. London, \mi. %vo. 8138. e. 

Sixth edition, London, 18(i2. 

Les Trois Paniquea, Episodes de I'Histoiro Con- 
temporaine. Traduit de I'Angtais, par Xavier 
Raymond. Paris, 186^ 8vo. 8138. h, 

Speech of Mr, Cobden, on the " Foreign Enlistment 

Act," in the House of Commons, Ariril '2^, 1S83. 

London, 1863. 8vo, 8138. ec. 
— - Second edition, London, 186.^. Hvo. 8138. b. 
~ Third edition. London, 1863. 8vo. 8138. b. 


Mr. Cobden and the J'lwMy), Correspondence between 

Mr. Cobden and Mr, Delaiie, Editor of the 

Timcn, with a Supplementary Correspondence 
between Mr. Cobden and [Thornton Hunt, 
writing on behalf of] the Editor uf the Dailff 
Ttlegraph. Manchester, Alex, Ireland 4 Co.. 
1861 8vo. pp, as. 81^, ce. 

For Speech on Government Manufacturing Estab- 
lishments see under It^. 

For Letter on Land Question, January 22. 1861, see 
under 1873. 

io»s.u.Jri.v2.i904.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Wttu^li (Eciwiu). Home Life of the Ijincaahire 
Factory Folk duriDf; the Cotton Faniiue. Lon- 
don. Miuieheat«r printed, 1887. 8vo. —Includes 
Mr. Cobden's speech on the formation of the 
Itelief Committee, April 29, IH82. 

Une Solution Prompte! Congr^s on Guerre: pre- 
cMi d'uno lettre de Richard Cobden. Paris, 
1868. Svo. 8(B8. g. 


fiovernraentManufacturinK Kstablishmeots. Speech 
of Richard Cobden in the House of Oommons, 
Jaly*', 18(M, Ac. London, 1809. Svo. 834a ee. 4. 

Bishop Berkeley on Money. Bein^' Extracts from 
his celebrated Querist, to which is added Sir 
John Sinclair on the Return to Cash Payments 
in ISIil, and Mr. Cobden on the Evils of Fluc- 
tuation in the Rale of Uiscoant, By James 
Harvey, Liverpool. I.xjndon, 1.872. 8vo, pp. 40. 
— Ihia contains at p. 38 Cobden's statement 
before the Parliamentary Committee on Banks 
of inue in 1840. 

.. ^ ^j 1873. 

Mr. Cobden on the Land Qneation. London, 1R73. 
Svo. C. T. :«5. (7.),— Written by Cobden, 
January 22, 1864, and published in the Moniinij 
Mar under the signature of R. 8. T. See also the 
next entry. 

Oiivry (Henry Aime). .Stein and his Reforms in 
Prussia, with reference to the Land Question 
in England, and an Appendix eontainiuit the 
views of Richnni Cobden, and J. S. Mill's 
Advice to Lund Reformers. London, 1873. 8vo, 
pp. xji-lfti. 8.177. b. 06. -This contains the above 
letter, which was republished in the iMiily 

EJTeiM and in the Timet (January 7, 1873). It 
H deal* with the iiuestion of primogeniture and 
Hthe division of the laud, 
n..'"*! ^''e^Presenl Crisis. Richard Cobden on 

Russia. Reprinted from the oriKinarPamphlet 


published in 18.% under the name of 
Chester .Manufacturer." Third edition 
cheater. 1S70. 8vo. 8094. g. 6. (9.) 

William E. A. Axon. 
{To be contimied.) 


This insignificant, but ancient thorough- 
fare has t)een lately forcml into something 
like notoriety. It in truly so insignificant 
that very few Westmin.ster people have 
heard of it, and of who have done so 
fewer still could say offhand in what part of 
the city It was situated. It was, as iU name 
states, an alley or court, shaped like the 
letter L. one end branching from Great 
College .Street, and the other portion leading 
into that part of Tufton Street which had 
been until 1869 known as Bowling Street 
but of which a still earlier name had been 
Bowling Alley, which Walcott tells us was 
erected upon the green where the members 
of the convent amused themselves at the 

game of Ixiwls." Mr. J. E. Smith, in hia 
'St. John the Evangelist, Westminster: 
Parochial Memorials,' 1892, suggests that 
the change waa brought about '' when the 
term ' alley ' began to have a depreciative 
meaning." Neither of the authorities just 
quoted affords any clue to the origin of 
Black Dog Alley or the date when it was 
formed, but doubtless it was of a very- 
respectable antiquity, and Walcott notes 
that the site of it was "Abbot Benson's 
small garden." When mentioning this fact, 
he says further that the " hostelry garden, 
where the visitors of the monastery were 
entertained, extended over the ground which 
lay between the bowling green and th& 
river-bank." Stanley, in nis ' Memorials of 
Westminster Abbey,' reminds us that garden.s 
abounded about this spot, for at p. 358 
he says that "in the adjacent fields were 
the orchard, the vineyard, and the bowline 
alley, which have left their traces in Orchard 
Street, Vine Street, and Bowling Street"; 
and further still were the abbot's gardens 
and the monastery gardens, reaching down 
to the river. 

Dean I^nson ruled at the Abbey, as the 
last of the Abbots and first of the Deans, 
from 1539 to 1541; but that date cannot be 
taken as a guarantee of the age of this little 
court. I have looked at many maps to try 
to find some particulars about it; but most of 
them are on so small a scale that it is not 
shown at all, including a ' New I'ocket Jlap 
of London,' published by Sayer it Bennet. 
1783 ; Saver's ' London, Westminster, and 
Southwark,' 1791 ; Laurie & Whittle's 'Pocket 
Map,' 1792; 'An Entire New Plan uf the 
Cities of London and Westminster,' July 17, 
1817; 'London and Westminster,' published 
by Faden, of Charing Cross, January, 1818 ; 
a map published by Belch, 1820 ; one by 
Moggs, 1842; 'The Britisii Metropolis,' by 
Davies, 1842 ; and Laurie's ' Plan of London, 
Westminster, and Southwark,' 1843. 

Sir Walter Besant, in 'Westminster,' 1895, 
at p. 204, tells us that the "excellent map 
of Richard Newcourt, dated 1058," shows 
" Great College Street as having no houses," 
of course, on the side opposite to the wall 
enclosing the Abbey buildings ; therefore it 
seems safe to assume that Black Dog Alley 
could not liavc been in existence at that 
time, and may probably have been formed 
when Barton and Cowley Streets, its close 
neighbours, were projected and built bv 
Barton Booth, the actor (1681-1733), with 
the growth of "seventeenth and eighteenth 
century respectability," as the satae «.\s>fc.<i- 
rity seta fortb. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio-8.ii.ji'Ly2.i9ot 

In that portion of tlie alley leading out of 
Grettt (Jollego Street there was probably a 
*■ right of way," an it is Jiot unlikely some of 
the liouses in Barton Street had aa outlet at 
the rear into it. 

There is a very fine map of London in the 
Westminster City Library, Great Smith 
Street, described as a " Plan of London and 
Westminster, with the Boro' of Southwark, 
including the adjacent Suburbs, on which 
«vorv Dwelling-house is descrilwd and 
numoered. Surveyed and first published 
by Hichard Horwood 1799," In tlie e<iition 
for 1817 Black Dog Alley is clearly shown as 
a thoroughfare, as fronting on it are three 
cottages at the rear of Nos. 6, 6, and 7, 
Bowhng Street, now Tufton Street, and also 
a building hard by No. 4. The opening is 
shown on this plan a.s between Noa. 1 and 
2, College Street, and the portion at right 
angles with this part entered Bowling Street 
between the houses numbered 4 and 5 ; but 
in the case of Great College Street it is 
known that the numbering of the houses 
has been changed since that time, as No. 1 
l>as long been at the Miilbank end, and it is 
not unlikely that a change may have been 
made in the other street — indeed, it must 
have been so, for this map ahowi^ two lots 
of houses, both starting at No. 1, one coq- 
tinuing to 7, and the other to 10. In Mr. 
J. E. Smith's • .Memorials of St. John's,' to 
which reference has been made, there is a 
very precise (alljeit small) map of the parish, 
in whicJi Black Dog Alley is marked, though 
unfortunately the name has been omitted ; 
but it is well that so useful a book has pre- 
served it for future inquirers. 

There was at tlie end facing Great College 
Street, and behind the Barton Street houses, 
a small building which in its time had 
played many parts. It was entered up two 
steps through u door in the wall, and had 
been the home of a singing class, a dancing 
academy (kept, years ago, by .Sir. Nortli- 
over, who lived at the corner of Great 
and Little Smith Streets), and afterwards 
a volunteer drill hall. Still later it was a 
printing office, where the type-setting was 
done by female labour. 

While the section of Black Dog Alley 

entered from GniHf. Cnlloge Street was open 

to the sky, tl. d from Tufton Street 

wa« by an ai. , tlie ground level of 

the houses, ano closed by a gate, as may be 

f«oen by an illustmtion at p. 280 of Sir 

I Walter Besant's ' Westminster.' The fact 

'iliat one end wss ol-i-ed by a gate (which I 

remember liei: : many years) would 

to iniliLi- ^ .1 there having been a 

right of way through its entire length, for, 
so far as ray memory serves, it was a very 
rare occurrence to find the gate open, ana, 
as a rule, it was not only shut, but locked. 

A notice, dated 21 December, 1903, signed 
by " A. W. Mills, of 4, Chancery Lane, 
Liondon, solicitor for the applicants" (tbo 
Governors of Westminster School), was, on 
or about that date, affixed to both ends of 
the alley, to the effect that on 

"lhi> I2th day of January next, at 11.15 of the dock 
ir, ■' ' -noon, amilicalion will be niaiie W Hi« 

I usliccs of tlie I'eace, actiun in and for 
ti igaret's Uiviaion in the County of Lon- 
don, dl ii Special Session to be bolden nl t'lixlon 
Hall. Caxton Street, in the City of Westminster, 
in •'■ I county, for an order for (1 - ''■:''in({ 

i;; u)i a certain Court, All'. . in 

ii if .St. ijoliu the K\ftn«elist. . nn 

Ureal College tjtreel to Tullon i^lreel, and kuown 
as Blauk hog Alley.'' 

No opposition was offered at the meeting 
before the Justices, and the desirefi permis- 
sion was granted ; but it is only within the 
last month or two that the place wom closed 
and its existence was terminated. The work 
of erecting adilitioual buildings for Wout- 
minster Sciiool is now being pushed forward 
at this spot, as was stated 10"" S. i. 302. Lj 

gassing, I mav say that the other portion of 
lack Dog Alfey, leading froui Tufton Street, 
had Ix-en closed and in part demolished some 
years ago, as it had become a veritable slum 
and the scene of much that was, in every 
way, objectionable. 


Desckndants of M.^nv, Qceev of Scots. 
—It may be of interest to note that the 
descendants of Mary Stuart, who, living 
three centuries ago, left but one child, are 
now to be found in, I believe, every Court in 
Europe with the exception of Turkey and 
Sorvia : in England the King, Queen, and 
Prince and Princess of Wales; Russia, the 
Emf>eror, Empress, and Etnpress-mother ; 
the German Emperor and Empress ; the 
Austrian Emperor and beir-apparent ; the 
exiled French royal family ; tlie King and 
heir-apparent of the Belgians ; the Queen 
and Queen-mother of Holland ; the Queen, 
Crown Prince, and Crown Priticessof Sweden ; 
the King, Crown Prince, and Crown Princess 
of Denmark ; the Kint;. (.hifon :iiiii Onfon- 
motlier of Portugal ii, 

Queen Christina, aiMi '"§ 

and Queeti-Dowoger of Italy ; tiic f^ueen oi 
Naple.s ; the King, Queen, Crown I'rince, and 
Crowu Princess of Greece; the Queen of 
Rouxuania ; the wife of the noirapj>arunt of 

10- 8. iL joLv 2. 19M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Montenegro ; the KinK of Bavaria, and the 
future Queen, whom the Order of the White 
Rose consider our English (tovereign.Mary IV.; 
the King and Queen of Wiirtemoerg ; the 
King of Saxony ; and, with hardly an excop- 
"'on, the minor Gorman houses. 

From Queen Mary have descended fourteen 
sovereigns of England, and two queens- 
consort ; six kings, two queens, and an 
impress of France ; six emperors of Austria, 
LDU at least two empresses ; five kings of 
Prussia, two queens, three German emperors, 
and two empresses ; an emperor and empress 
if Bra/.il ; an empress of Mexico ; three 
perorsand three empres-seaof Russia; three 
ings and four queens of Denmark ; two 
ings and three queens of Holland ; one 
ing and two queens of the Belgians j 
five kings and seven queens of Spain ; 
besides kings and consorts of Sardinia, 
""aples, Bavaria, Wurtemterg, and Saxony. 
_ Aiuld Queen Elizabeth's shade be cognizant 
of this record, she might even more bitterly 
than before feel the contrast between herself 
—a "barren stock"— and the fair and ill- 
fated progenitrix of the greatest sovereigns 
of Europe for the last throe centuries. If we 
exclude morganatic and illegitimate descents 
— which would swell the list to thousands — 
tlie royal descendants of Mary Stuart at the 
present time still number something like four 
Hundred persons. When we consider how 
aany large families utterly disappear in a 
Bw generations, these facts seem remark- 
"ble. Helga. 

Cakdinal Bartolommeo Giudiccioni. — 
loroni, in his ' Dizionario Eccl&siastico," 
aakes a mistake as to his cardinalitial title, 
le was Cardinal -deacon of the title of S. 
Bsareo from 28 January, I. '.40, to 24 Septem- 
3V. l.'>42, and Cardinal-priest of the title of 
S. IVi^ca from 24 September, 1542, to his 
death on 28 August. 1540. His tomb in the 
north transept of Lucca Cathedral has the 
utterly un-Christian motto :— 

GufoTos d0dvaTo%, ra Xoirra d\n)Ta. 
This looks like a reminiscence of the quota- 
tion from the T waiKOKpaTia of Amphis 
preserved in Athenieus, viii. 33ti c. (reaaing 
Porson's emendation in the second line) : — 
Tzlvt^TraX^f 6i>itI<: <j (Hot, oXtyos ovvi VH XPO''°«' 
OilvitToi 6' aOdvaTOi ianv, av awaj^ Tis 


.John B. WAiwEAVKKiHT. 


in his ' History of KngUnd ' says that the 
rivalry between Handel and Bononcini 
<livide<l society into factions almost like 

those of the Byzantine empire ; and the con- 
flicting claims of the two composers were 
celebrate<l in a. well-known epigram, " wliich 
has been commonly attributed to "Swift, but 
which was in reality written by Byrom"(vol. j. 
p. 632). He then in a note quotes it thus : — 

Some aay that Signor Bononcini 

Compared to Handel is a ninny ; 

Other! aver that to him Hutidel 

la scaroelv fit to hold a candle. 

Strange that such difl'erence bhould be 

'Twixt tweedletluni and tweedlcdee. 

This is inaccurate. What John Byrom 
wrote in his ' Miscellaneous Poems,' vol. i. 
p. 343, is as follows : — 

Some say. compar'd to Bononcini, 
That M ynheer Handel '? bnl a Ninny ; 
Others iiver, that he to Haniiel 
Is Fcarcely tit to hold a Caudle: 
Strange all this UiHTereooe should be, 
'Twi.xt Tweedle-dum and Tweedlo-dee I 

It is certainly strange that so accurate a 
writer as Lecky did not verify his miotation. 
Harky B. Poland. 
Inner Temple. 

'TuE Most Impudent Man Livinq.'— 
According to Lowndes, David .Mallet was 
the writer of the pamphlet which assigned 
I supremacy in shamelessness to Bishop War- 
^ burton. On the other hand, the production 
; was freely attribute<l to Bolingbroke by his 
I contemporaries, and it is still sometimes said 
to be his. In tlie monograph on Pope which 
he contributed to " Enf;lish Men of Letters," 
Sir Leslie Stephen, curiously enough, credits 
both writers with the critical assault. 
Speaking of Warburton, chap. vii. p. 177, he 
says that iiis multifarious reading made him 
conspicuous, " helped by great energy, and 
by a quality which gave some plausibility to 
the title bestowed on him by ^lallet, ' the 
most impudent man living.'" Again, on 
the subject of the dispute regarding the 
publication of 'The Patriot King,' chap. ix. 
p. 209, Stephen writes, " A savuge contro- 
versy followed, wliich survives only in the 
title of one of Bolingbroke's pamphlets, ' A 
Familiar Epistle to the Most Impudent Man 
Living," a transparent paraphrase for War- 
burton." It may be, of course, that Mallet 
invented the dascriptive nickname, and that 
Bolingbroke found it serviceable for liis con- 
troversial purpose. Thomas Baynk. 

"The beatific vision." (See 9"' S. ix. 509 ; 
X. 05, 177, 355, 436 ; xi. 23C.)— I believe that 
the true genesis of this phrase is to be found 
in Plato. ' Pliicdrus,' 2.'j0 b, where Socrates 
says; Ku'AAos (i tot" yjv Iciiv \attit9.>kv., ■!«». 
tjvv (v&ai(iovi. \oj»^ juj.»iv^»'\ja.v li^i-M t«- *<.<»a. '<i«"» 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo*^ s. u. jclt 2. i9o*, 

«ro/Mi/ot fitTCL fiiv ^los '}/J««, oA.Ao( Si /jut' 
dXAoi' 0€iDV, fiSov n Kal inkovvro tmv TtXtriuv 
■i]v $iiii.<i kiyiiv i)a.Kiipi.iiiTu.rrjv, K.T.X.. "And 
then we beheld the beatific vision " is Jowett's 
appropriate rendering. Alex. Lkeper. 
Irinity Colle)<;e, Melbonme University. 


\Vb must requeat correapoiidentB de«irinK in- 

forniation OD family matters of only iT " i real 
to at£x their names and atliiressea i : lea, 

ID urtler that the answers may be add! ; liem 



my memory servo me truly, this was 
made somewhat faraoas by its application to 
the Flying Squadron a few years ago, and 
1 then supposed it to be a somewhat happy 

ghrase coined for the occasion by Mr. 
loschen. I find the same words in Froude's 
'CiBsar,' chap, vii., where, speaking of the 
Roman soldiers, he says, "They were ready 
to go anywhere and do anything for Sylla." 
There are the same words in Younghusband's 
' Heart of a Continent,' chap. i. : "The mag- 
nificent health and strength which came 
therewith inspired the feeling of bein^ able 
to go anywhere and do anything that it was 
in tlie power of man to do." Froude's work 
was puolished in 1870, Younghusband's some 
years later. Neither author uses quotation 
marks. Are the words a quotation ? or can 
they be found in any earlier writers 1 

(S. R. Gardiner say» in chap. liv. of his ' Student's 
History ' : " In 1814 a larKO number of the aoldiers 
from the late Peninsular army— an army which, 
according to Wellinclon, could go anywhere and do 
nDything— were sent out to America." A quotation 
in the Alhi »'< nm of "ii June from Oleiit's ' Personal 
Reminiscences of the Duke of W'elliiigion ' is to the 
effect that Wellington ".staled in his evidence 
Iwfore a Parliamentary Committee that it [his 
army] was the most perfect machine ever pot 
together, and that with it he could go anywhere 
and do anything."] 

SwETT Fa.milv.— John Swett was a con- 
sidorable landowner in Salem, Massachusetts, 
in 1630, and his descendants now live in 
Washington. I desire, if possible, to trace 
the connexion between him and the well- 
known family of the same name in Devon- 
shire. Richard Swett was bailifi" of Exeter 
in 1590, and may have l)een father or uncle 
of the John Swett of Salem. Any informa- 
tion as to the origin, or English ancestry, of 
John will much uolige. 

b. Oswald Hustek-Blair. 

C'RoguET OR Tricquet. — In the exhibition 
of " Les Primitifs Framjais," now open in the 
Pavilion de Marsan in the Louvre, there is a 
tapestry of the sixteenth century represent- 
ing, according to the Catalogue, " le jeu de 
Tricquet." Two women, in short .skirts, antl 
two men stand in an oblong courts, enclosed 
on two sides by a wattled fence. The players 
have clubs with heads on one side only of 
the handle. One player is in the act of 
setting a peg on the ground. There is one 
hoop, in shape like the hoops of the sixties, 
bnt made of wood. There is a photographic 
reproduction of the tapestry in the General 
Catalogue of the Exhibition, where it is 
numbered 286, and is entered as "Tcnture 
de Gombaut et Mact'e. Atelier de Tours. 
Appartient a M. Fenaillo." I should be glad 
of information about the game "tricquet," 
or— the word is not in Littre— is "tricquet" 
a misprint ? F. R. P. 

[Cf. in Littr^ 'Triciuet.'i 

' Paisley Aitnual Miscellanv.'— Can any 
one give me information about the ' Paisley 
Annual Miscellany,' 101:2? It is refenod to 
by Eyre-Todd in liis 'Scottish Poetry of the 
Seventeenth Century.' J. S. 


KiNo OF Sweden on the Balance or 
Power.— In John Wesley's 'Journal' (20 Sept, 
1790) is this remark ; — 

" I read over the King of Sweden's tract upon 
the Balance of Power in Kurope. If it br really 
his, he is certainly one of the most sensible, as well 
as one of the bravest, Princes in Kurope ; and if 
his account be true, what a woman is the Crarina I " 
I should bfl glad to have the correct title 
of this tract. If not by the King of Sweden, 
who is supposed to have been trie author oi 
it ! Has it been translated into English 1 
Where can it bo found ] F. M. J. 

" Birds of a feather klock tooetuek."— 
Can any one give the first use of this proverb 
in English ? D. M- 

LMinaheu, l.')90, has: " Birdes of a feather will 
llocke togither" (' N.E.D.,'/i.f. 'Feather').] 

'The Gospel of God's Anointeix'— I am 
very desirous of any aid that could kindly 
be given me to learn something alnjut the 
author of a remarkably intelligent trans- 
lation of the Now Testament, entitled ' The 
Gospel of God's Anointed,' ic. Darling 
assigns the authorship to Alexander Greaves, 
whose name appears as that of the publisher. 
CHAULE.S H. Groves, M.D. 

;U1, Inverleith Row, Edinburgh. 

Quotation in Rdskin.— Can any of your 
resxiers tell me to wiiom llaskin rctors in the 

lot* 8. II. Jn-v 2. lOM.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


following passage ('Modern Painters,' part iv. 
chap, xii.)?— 

" I forget wbo it ii who representa a man in 
deap&ir desiring that his body may be casl into the 

I Whoao changing mound and foaiu that poued away 
"light muck the eye that (luestioned where 1 lay." 

Who wrote this couplet? J. C C. 

Qekman-English Dictionary.— What is 
the most complete and up-to-date German- 
English dictionary ? KoM Ombo. 

[We find most complete the Fliigel-8chmidt- 
Tanger ' WurHjrbuch ' (Anher A (.'o., and Wesler- 
mann, Branswick); the Muret-.Sanders ' Kncyclo- 
pfedic Dictionary,' 2 vols, of which give the i ierman- 
^nglish ijortion (H. Grevel & Co., and Langen- 
ncheidtsche Verlagobuchhandlung, Berlin) : and the 
[tenth edition of the (irieb-Schmer ' Worterbucih' 
|(Frowde, and Btichle, Stuttgart).] 

Beeji sold \nTHOUT A LiCEhX'E. — I have 
heard it said that until quite recent days in 
certain towns of England at fairtimas all the 
householders had a right by charter to sell 
beer without a licence. Is this true i and if .so, 
which were they ? Ebward Peacock. 


Omh:, and Athenian Admiral.— In Keats '« 
' Endymion ' (book ii. 1. 22) is the following 
ssage : — 

What care, thoughiiwl did &y 
About the great Athenian admiral'a inaat! 

I shall be obliged if any one can tell me of 
the incident to which reference is here made. 
C. McL. Carey. 

[See Plntaroh'a 'Theniiitooles,' xii. Langhorne'a 
translation reads:— " While Theinistocles [before 
Salamisj was ihiia maintaining his argumenU upon 
deck, ^ome tell us an owl was seen Hying to the 
right of the fleet, which came and perched upon the 
shrouds. This omen determined tha confederates 
•o "ctede to his opinion, and to prepare for a sea 
fight. J 

Blackett Family.— Ann Blackett, cousin to 
Michael Blackett (qy. of Durham 1), married a 
Mr. Parcable (qy. spelling?), and was the 
mother of Elizalxjth Parcable (qy. spelling?), 

who, OS daughter and co-heir of Parcable, 

and co-heir of Michael Blackett, married .John 
'ioule, living in 179<> in Great Swan Alley, 
'oleman Street, London, and earlier m 
Idgate. Wanted any further information 
alx)Ut the persons named. The said John 
.Moule was great-grandfather of the pre.tent 
Bishop of Durham. Chah. A. Bebnau. 

Marwood, Crutchfield Road, Walton on-TJianiea. 

The St. Helena Medal. — I should feel 
BUch obliged for information respecting the 
onze medal known as the St. Helena Medal, 
is one and a half inches in diameter, and 

bears on the obverse the head of Napoleon, 
laureated, looking right, napolkon . i . 
EMrEKEUR ; on the reverse, in an outer 
circle, the words, campaones . de . 1792 . a . 
1815; and on the field the inscripti'"' • ->•-. 


PBSSEE . 8" HELENE. 5.MAJ . 1821. 1 - ;.il 

is surmounted with an im(>erial crown, and 
is attached to a green ribbon, with rtjd 
perpendicular stripes. The name of the artist 
IS not given, but the execution is good, and 
worthy of Denon. 

In Napoleon's will and in the codicils thereto 
no sura of money is set apart for meeting the 
cast of the medal, thougli gratuities are left 
out of his private purse to diflerent indi- 
viduals of his household ; and I find no 
allusion to any such "last thought" in 
Bourrienne's ' Memoirs,' in O'Meara's ' Napo- 
leon at St. Helena,' or in ' Mttmorial de 
Sainte Helt-ne,' by the Count de Las Cases. 
I should much liko to know when, where, 
and by whose directions this medal was 
struck — presumably by the members of his 
family or hi« partisans, with the view of 
completing the medallic history of Napoleon. 
Was it ever distributed ? James Watson. 


RuNEDEuo, Finnish Poet.— Have the 
works of the Finnish poet Runeberg been 
translated into English, especially his ' Fiin- 
rik stAls siigner ' ? If so, by whom, and 
where published ? Suoml 

Bennett Family of Lincoln.— I shall feel 
greatly obliged for any information relative 
to the descendants of Charles Bennett, of 
Lincoln, who marriefl Dorothy, daughter of 
Ralph Watson, of H.M. Customs, Newcastle- 
upon-Tyne, sometime lieutenant in the 
Northumberland Militia, and sister and 
co-heiress of Richard Pringle Watson, of the 
same city. Their eldest son Charles Watson 
Bennett marrie<l in May, 1843, Ellen, daughter 
of Thomas Henderson, of Newcastle. 

H. R. Leiohton. 
Kast BoldoD, R.!S.U, co. Durham. 

" Kolliwest."- Can any reader tell me how 
this word came to be use<l in Mid-Cheshire 
for " contrary " and " opposite " ? It is not in 
' An Attempt at a Glossary of some Words 
used in Cheshire,' by Roger Wilbraham, Esq., 
F.R.S. and S.A., 1817. C. L. I'oolk. 


[ITic 'R.D.D.' refers under ' Cully weaton ' to 
' N. & q.,' 0"' 8. u. 2li Ct • Conny waat,'] 

FEM.VLE I' - f y--" "^ ~--y. 

obliged for 


NOTES AND QUERIES. iio"' s. u. Jew 2. jw«. ' 

must liave occurrwl in some part of Germany. 

A lady, falsely accused of xetting fire to her 

town, was publicly tortured and finally burnt 

Jive. Thenceforth her supposed crime was 

aade the subject of a yearly sermon. I 

'link it must have been between 1884 and 

t that her innocence was established. 

F. R. J. H, 

Lancashire Toast.— Who is the author of 
the following, which appeared in the Literan/ 
tVorld on 23 January, 1903 ?— 

Here's U> thee an' me an' aw on as. 

May we ne'er want nowt, noui on a8, 

Xoatber thee nor me nor onybody else, 

Aw on us ; noau on us. 

RoBEET Murdoch Laweance. 
71, Bon-Accord Street, Aberdeen. 



(lO'" S. L 426, 494.) 

AsxiODs to economize space, I neglected 

to recapitulate in my former communication 

the evidence (which first appeared in the 

I'roctcdinijs of the Asiatic Societj' of Bengal 

for July, 1899, and was cited by me in an 

Larticle in Blackwood's Magazine for April, 

'l904) leading indubitably to the startling 

conclusion that all the biographers of Warren 

Hastings have been wrong in their identifi- 

ition of his first wife. As the omission has 

to a fresh enunciation of the old fallacy 

ny two of the correspondents who kindly 

referred to my query, I will summarize the 

case as briefiy as possible. 

In my novel 'Like Ajiother Helen,' pub- 
lished in 1899, in which Hastings appeared 
as one of the subsidiary characters, I pointed 
out that either the date (1756) usually 
Is-Hsigned to his first marriage by his bio- 
[graphers, or their identification of the bride 
as the widow of Capt. Dougald Campbell, 
accidentally killed at the capture of Baj-baj, 
must be wrong, since Baj-baj was not captured 
until 30 or 31 Dec., 1756. My suggestion was 
that the marriage took place in the spring 
of 1757 ; but a correspondent, personally 
unknown to me, writing from Calcutta, 
pointed out that the error lay in the other 
direction, and forwarded a copy of the Pro- 
cetdiitys mentioned above. At the monthly 
general meeting of the society there reported 
a paper was read by the Rev. H. B. 
Hyde, M.A., on 'The First Marriage of 
Warren Hastings,' in which he records his 
accidental discovery, in a miscellaneous 
bundle of old Calcutta Mayor's Court 
r«*iord«, of a • retition of Warren Hastings 

of Cossimbaiaar, Gentleman, in ' \ " ' ' i«i 
wife Mary Hasting*", relict to .t 
late of Calcutta," asking t<ii M-mi-, 
administration to the estate of the 
" Captain John Buchanan, late of Calcutta 
Gentleman," who ha<i died intestate Wo 
know from Holwell that Buclianim ^^'i-; the 
only one of the senior military o(- • 

showed any capacity, or even couni; !^> 

disasters of June, 1750, and that he was one 
of the victims of the Black Hole. I may 
mention that there are few things more 
stmn^e than the utter absence of any 
mention of Hastings's first marriage in thti 
va«t mass of his papers which I have gone 
through at the British Museum ; a 
words of perfunctory condolence from S 
ton on "y' Doraestick Misfortunes" are the 
only trace. It may, of course, be different with 
the papers stiU in private hands : but it Vi 
worth noticing that Gleig, to whom large 
quantities of these were entrusted for the 
purposes of his biography (as shown by a list 
made by Mrs. Hastings the second), gave 
currency to the mistake which has so long 
held sway. I can only suggest that duriiiK 
Hastings 8 long married life with his second 
wife she discouraged so studiously any 
reference to her predecessor that even her 
name was lost, and that Gleig, in collecting 
his materials, followed some incorrect tradi- 
tion, supported by the fact of Capt. 
Cani^belPs death near the time of the 

With regard to the tombstone at Barham- 
pur (Malleson) or Kasimlmzar— accortlinK X/o 
Mr. Hyde (in the paper citeti above). Mn. 
Jamrs Watson, and F. de H. L.— Malleson 
points out that the month of the lady's death 
IS wrong, and Mr. Hyde that her husband 
does not seem to have known her exact age, 
since the figure now reads merely "2—," 
adding that the remainder may have been 
obliterated when the Bengal Government 
restored the whole some years ago. Morad- 
bagh was the suburb or (quarter ot Jlurshida- 
bad in which Hastings lived as Resident at 
the Nawab's Court, and from which all his 
letters are dated. With regard to his only 
son George, it is interesting to note that 
when he was sent to England he was placed 
in the charge of the Rev. George Austen, of 
Steventou, and his wife, the parents of Jane 
Austen — a fact which certainly goes to 
support that connexion between the first 
Mrs. Hastings and the Austen family which 
I am trying to esUblish. 

Stronger evidence than Mr. Hyde's as to 
1 the identity of Mary (Buchanan) Haatinga 
' can hardly be retjuired, but c-orroburativd 

io"-8.n.jcLv2.i9wo NOTES AND QUERIES. 


testimony is supplied in the Hastings corre- 
spondence by Hastincs's care for Buchanan's 
daughter, who was, oi course, his own step- 
daughter. The girl was sent liome for educa- 
tion, and apparently placed in the charge 
of Mrs. Forde, wife of one of the Supervisors 
appointed with Van^ittart. This lady writes 
in 1773 that Miss Buchanan was apprenticed, 
but ran away from her place three months 
before her time was up. Her guardian then 
took her home, and engaged dancing- masters 
for her, to qualifj- her for returning to India; 
but she tired quickly of gentility, and at her 
own wish was sent to the care of her grand- 
mother and aunt at Arklow, where she 
crowned her misdeeds by running off with a 
corporal. After this there is a long blank in 
her history ; but in 1797-8 she reappears in 
the correspondence, a shameles.s and per- 
sistent beggar, as Elizabeth Finley or 
Fiudley. Hastings made her an allowance 
of 20^ a year tlirough his brother-in-law 
Woodman, and she makes perpetual efforts 
to anticipate it or get it increased. 

Having cleared up this matter as fully as 
is at present in my power, may I venture to 
repeat my request for fresh information to 
any reader who can throw light on the 
marriage of Capt. (or Lieut.) John Buchanan, 
of Craigieven, and thus establish the identity 
of the first Mrs. Hastings 1 

Sydney C Qrier. 

Bibliography of Publisiuno and Book- 
selling (10"' S. i. 81, 142, 184, 242. 304, 342). 
— I venture to send some notes of omissions 
in the above which readily occur to mind, 
others to follow when you have sp>ace. All, 
I think, will form useful additions to a great 
store of material awaiting the deft hand of 
an Edmund Gosse to weave it into a history 
of a very complex trade. 

Publishing and bookselling alone confine 
one to a somewhat narrow, it not mercenary, 
outlook upon a business of great antiquity 
and vast ramifications, altliough I admit tlie 
mere production and vending of books cannot 
fail to be of interest to many inside and out- 
aide the trade. 

The subject seems shorn of half its romance 
if you purposely exclude authorship, print- 
ing, actions at law, formation of libraries, 
adventures of rare books and manuscripts, 
and all the other inextricable bypaths of 
literature. Why not make the scheme broad 
and comprehensive? 

Baxter, J. —The Sister Arte; Paper Making. 
Printinir, Ilookbinding. I-ewe«, Isoi). plat«8. 

UU i irle» F. — Cluanitied CoUiloKUt" of 

I ... — I.'lacalioDal Work* ia use in the United 

Kingdom and its Dei>endencie* in I87S, ao 
arrauged as to show at a glance what worki are 
available in any given branch of EdncatioD- 
1876. 8vo. 

Rambles in Books. 1S$I3. PortraiU Crown 
8vo. SOO copies i>rinted. 

Book and News Trade (i&zette. Edited by Kendall 
Robinson. 1894.'). 4to.— Came to ao end after 
aevcMty-ihree nunilxTs had been issued. 

Book .^uclious. — Viilt Hoot Qiitrie*, a,tticlei under 
heading ' Al the UiMjms.' 

Bookbinder. (Periodical.) Consult indices. 

Bookniart: a Magazine of Literary and Library 
Intelligence. Pittsburgh, U.S., 188* and on. 
(IVrioJicttl.) P.oyal 8vo. 

Book (^iieriea : a Trails Medium for Books, PrinU, 
Manu8cri|it«, Book-plates, Autographs, ftc. 
(Periodical, edited by VVm. Jaggard.) Liver- 
jKxil, iai*4-10O"2. 4to and royal 8vo. Consult 

Boweo, H. C— Descriptive Catalogue of Historical 
Novehi and Tales. 1882. 8vo. 

Bowes, Kobcri.— The Cambridge University Preia, 
1701-7. r>'/« Camb. Antiq. Soc. ('Comtn. 
vol. vi. p. aC). 

Brasaington, W Salt.— History of the Art of Book- 
binding. 1894. Illustrated 4lo. 

lirilish Bookmaker. (Periodical.) A journal of 
the bouk-making crafts. Illustrated. Consult 

Brown and Watt. —Catalogue of Books illustrating 
til" History of Alchemy and Early Chemistry. 
Livcriiool, 18iX). Crown 8vo. Privatelv iirintcd. 

Bullock, C. K.— Life of (Jeorge Baxter, Kugraver, 
Artist, and Colour Printer. 1901. Illuatrat«d. 

Chamliers's Cyclopiedia of English Literature, 
■Klited by David Patrick. IIKO. Illustrated. 
3 vols, royal 8vo. 

Clegg, J.— Bookmen : Members of Learned, .\nti- 
(luarian, and Literary Societies in the United 
Kingdom. Kochdalo, ISOti. Crown 8vo. 

Dickson and Kdnmnd.— Annals of Scottish Printing. 
Cambridge, IHSK). Illustrated. 4lo. 

Directory of Second-hand Booksellers. Edited by 

Arthur Cylus. Nottingham, l!«S(i. Crown 8vo. 

Ditto, edited by ,J. Clegg. Kochdale, 1888, 

ISlll, IS(H. Crown Svo.— As each issue dilTers 

niaU'rially it is advisable to consult all. 

DowniuK, William.— Free Public Libraries from a 
BiioKsuller's Point of View. Birmingham, I88G. 
Crown 8vo. Privately printed. 

Dull, K. tiordon. - Early Printed Books. 1808. 
Illustrated «vo. 

Kngliah Printing on Vellum to the Year 160O. 
Privately printed. lOttt. 4to. 

Carnett and Cosse.— History of English Literature, 
llHKl. Ilhiatrated. 4 vols, royal Svo. 

Heorne.— Bibliotheca Haimiana: Excerpt* from 
the Library of Thonias Hcariic. 1848. Portrait. 
4to. 7'> copies only printed (for private dis- 

International Book Finder. (Periodical, edited by 
Henry Kimpton.) IN!l()-:i. A flerwards amalga- 
mated with Hoot (Jiiirirji, which see. 

Jagganl, William, Eli/Jil>ethan imbliaher.— A Cata- 
logue (if such English Books as lately have 
bmn, or now are, in printing for publication. 
KilN. 4U>. 

,Taggard, William.— Bil>ljogmi>! 
Works (in Dtmuldaon'* ' I. 
1904. CtoVKtt^lxo. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [io* JrLY2.i90«. 

ihop Echoes. Coosult Book Queriet 

liu Nftmes : » Legion of Honoor (Makers, 
t, »od Collectors of Books). Consnlt 
ueriet) indices. 

: to the First Ten Volumes of 'Book- 
Current.' 1901. Svo. (The date 1897, 
10^ 8. i. 83 is incorrect.) 
>rd Press. (A temporarjr list of the 
tions of Sh&kespeare's printers.) Vide 
um, 18 Jan., 1 Feb., ISTeb., 1902, and 
ble Bookmakers. Consult Book Qtieriet 

.tion of Shakespeare. Vide Liverpool 
'ott, 9 Feb.. 1903. 

arles.— William Caxtoo : the First Eng. 
nter. 1844. lUostraced. Crown 8vo. 
am Caxton. 1877. Illustrated. Crown 

tries Godfrey.— Memoirs. 1893. Portrait 


Henry. — Typographical Antiquities : 

r, Origin ana Progress of the Art of 

g Lives of Eminent Printers 

r of the Walpolean Press Disserta- 

3 Paper VVoodcnttinK Engraving 

)per Adjudication of Literary Pro- 

...Catalogue of Remarkable Bibles 

97. Svo. 

'he: a Magazine of Bibliography and 
T Literature. Edited by J. Y. W. Mao- 
. (Monthly periodical/! Ro;:al 8vo.— 
reral years prior to 1898 this was the 
organ of the Library Association, but 
to be so in December, 1898. in January, 
he society's organ appeared under the 
1 the Lil/rary Anxoctation Record, and 
tiareh, 1899, the two periodicals were 
concurrently. After this date the Library 
ued as a quarterly, under the editorship 

MacAlister, and quite independent of 
>rary Association. 

isociation Uecord. (Monthly organ of 
corporated Association of Librarians.) 
t indices. 

y^orld: a Medium for Librarians. 

(Monthly periodical.) Royal 8vo. 
ear-Book. (Annual.) Consult indices. 

J.— A Century of Bibles, from 1611 to 
..with Risbume's Tract on Dangerous 

1872. 8vo. 
iV. T., and Bohn, H. G.— Bibliographer's 
L 1861. 11 vols.— Scattered throughout 
valuable work are notes which throw con- 
>le light on the bookselling of earlier days. 

List for Bookbuyers, Librarians, and 
Here. Compiled by C. Chivers. 1897-8. 
8vo.— Ceased publication after a brief 

).— Contributions towards a Dictionary 
lish Book Collectors, as also of some 
I Collectors whose Libraries were incor- 
I with English CoUecton or whose Books 
iefly met with in England. 1892-9. 
I. Koyal Svo. 
'.—Printers' Marks. 1893. Illustrated. 

d Bookseller : a Medium for baying and 

»U Books for Cash. 1902. Royal Svo. 

>nthly which existed for a few issues 

Slater, J. Herbert.—Book - Prices Current. See 

■ Book-Prices Current,' 10^ S. i. 83. 
Library Manual. 1883. Svo. 
Library Manual Third edition. 1891. Svo. 
Round and about the Bookstalls. 1881. 

crown Svo. 
Stevens, Henry.— Recollection* of James Lenox, of 

New York, and the Formation of his Library. 

1886. Portraits. Crown Svo. 
Taylor, Isaac— History of the Transmission of 

Ancient Books to Modern Times. 1827. Svo. 
Universal Book Exchange for Town and Country, 

Home and Abroad. 1890. Royal 8vo.— A very 

short-lived periodicaL 
Walford, Cornelius.— Destruction of Librariea by 

Fire. 1880. Crown Svo. Privately printed. 

Gives particulars of various booksellers' and 

publishers' losses in bygone and recent times. 
Some Points in the Preparation of a General 

Catalogue of English Literature. 1S79. Crown 

Svo. Privately printed. 
Walker, C. C— John Heminge and Henry Condell. 

1896. Illustrated. Fcap.4to. Privately printed. 
Watt, Robt.— Bibliotheca Britannica. Edinburgh, 

1834. 4vob. 4to. 
What to Read: a Guide to the best in Litera. 

ture. 1902. 4to.— A weekly which seems to 

have ended with the first number. 
Wheatley, H. B.— How to form a Library. 1902. 

Crown Svo. 
How to make an Index. 1902. Crown Sva 
Willis. William.— Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy: 

a Report of the Trial of an Issue, 1902. 4to. 
Wh. Jagoabd. 
139, Canning Street, Liverpool. 

The following articles on Huntingdonshire 
printers, by Mr. Herbert E. Norris, of Ciren- 
cester, may be worth including in the above: 
Saint Ives and the Printing Press.— St. Ives, 1SS9. 

16mo and Svo. Reprinted from the Hunts 

County Gxuvrdian. 

The St. /ivw Mercury.— Fenland N. <t- Q., Art. 87. 

HUtory of St. Ives.— St. Ives, 1889. 4to. 
Notes on St. Neots Printers (Past and Present).— 

St. Neots, 1901. 16mo. Reprinted from the 

St. Neot'< Advertuier, 4 May, 1901. 
Letter on ' Notes on St. Neots Printers.'— The 

St. Neolt Adrertiner, 29 June, 1901. 
A Few Additional Notes on St. Neots Printers.— 

The St. Xtoti AdvertiKer, Sept., 1903. 
The First Huntingdonshire Newspaper.- The Hunts 

County NewK, 8 Nov., 1902. 
The First Issue of the Northampton Mercury.— The 

Northampton Mercury, 19 July. 1901. 
The First Huntingdon Printer: John Jenkmson, 

1768-1807.— The HmUa County Newt, 14 Feb., 

190a Reprinted in the Hunti PoKt, 29 August, 

Ramsey Printers.— .ffomufy Herald, 20 April. 1904, 

and the HwUa CoutUy News, 23 April, 1904. 


" Ramib " (10* S. i. 489).— The china-grass 
fibre known as ramie is made from the Chinese 
nettle, (1 Urtica) tenaeisnma or utilis. It was 
in 1882 that it was foreseen how ramie would 
be introduced into all branches of the textile 
indostry, and I strongly suspect that we 

10^ 8. u. jrtY 2. I9W.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 



soraetimes to-day wear more ramie on our 
backs tliaii was bargaineii for with our tailors. 
In 1884 it was l>eing used tlie world over, 
both Indian ramie and China ramio, in the 
manufacture of textile fabrics. Writing in 
the ficommiintf Fi-anrnis in the beginning of 
1884, M. Cjaston Sencier notes itii introduction 
in the south of France, and describes it aa 

"a lively plant which may be cut several limes in 
a year, ana which ills asberted may attain the age of 
a hunilrod years. The textile fibre of it constitntes 
tilt' bark of the iil*"'" *"'' ■' inipregiiated with u 
viiicoua matter tolerably abundant in it. While 
cnllinK it twite a year, we are told, tlie Aleerian 
climate will furuiah 80 tons of green stalks from a 
hectare ('2^ acres). Half of this amonnt conoists of 
leaves used a» fodder for cattle and nmterial for 
pajicr pulp. The renmining 4<i tons condists of the 
eallesa stalk, and CDntains 1(1 tier cent., i.,., four 
tons, of raw fibrous matter. The removal of the 
gerni in it and cleaning t^ke away another half, 
so that the hectare nets two tons of available 
t«xtile. It takes three yeara ere a ramie plantation 
is in full bearing. It may be propaKate<l by seed, 
sprigs, ic, but the best way is to out up the root and 

ilant the frugment* In 1870 the (rtjvcrnment of 

'ntieh India offered to the inventor of the best 
•chine for decorticating green ramie a premium 
5.000/., but no inventor obtained the prize." 

See also La Mamie, 1 January', 1884 ; the 

hUiin <Ul DejMirlmento de Af/i-icultwa of 

iuonos Ayre.s (an article on 'Ramie in the 

gentine llepublic,' by Don Luis Maria Utor, 

nuary or February, 1884); a lecture de- 

ered at the Society of Arts by Dr. Forbes 

at-son on 'The Rheea Fibre' on 12 Dec, 

83 (William Trounce, 10, (Jough Square, 

eet Street) ; and I) ooZ and I'ejtiU Fabrics, 

Jan.. 2 and 16 Feb., and 8 March, 1884. 

16 etymology of " rheea " is desirable. 


This word is not provincial, neither does it 
belong to Lancashire. It is duly entered in 
tlie ' N.E.D.' There is an account of it in 
' Chambers's Enoyclopiedift ' under ' Btch- 
meria.' W. C. B. 

This is the name, in various Ea.5tem lan- 

?;uage.s, of a kind of nettle, the bark of which 
urnishes a fine and strong thread, now used 
as a substitute for flax. In Malay and 
Javanese it is pronounced i-ami, in Sun^anese 
rame/i. Crawfurd's ' Malav Dictionary,' ISna, 
defines it as "a nettle of which cordage is 
raadb." Jame-s Platt, Jun. 

Ramie is rhca fibre, the produce of /J<fh- 
merui nivea. See Watt's ' Dictionary of the 
couomic Products of India,' vol. i. p. 468. 

I. B. B. 
[Dii. Foiamw, I. c. (;., Mr, Waltkh B. Kiscs- 
»[•, the Rev. C. 8. VVaiu>. and other corr«- 
pnilenis are thanked for replie*.] 

A Wbll-ksown Epitaph (10"' S. i. 444),— 
The Roman inscription quoted is given in 
facsimile in Hubners ' Exeinpla ScripturiB 
Epigraphicic' .!? 1130, p. 404. The peculiarity 
of this inscription is that "vo/nscum" is 
spelt "vof'iscura." as given by Mr. Hortos 
S.MITH. Herbert A. Stkono. 

"Alias" in the Sixteenth and Sk\t!N- 
TEENTH Centuries (9'" S. xii. 190, 277). — 
Beacon may be interested in the following 
case of double surnames occurring in the 
parish registers and wills of a family in 
Guildford to whom my ancestors were 
related. In 1560, in the parish register of 
Holy Trinity, is to be seen the entry "John 
Gilbertsonne alias Derricke " ; and as the 
family remained in Guildford there are 
seventy entries in this one parish register of 
the Gilbertsonne alias Derricke family. The 
last entry written in this way was in 1685. 
"The wills of the various members of th& 
family from 1563 to 1680 are also carefully 
made in the same form. The use of this 
double surname might be understood by 
some intermarriage with a foreign family, 
such as a Flemish immigrant of the name of 
Derricke ; but why it was so carefully con- 
tinued for 120 years is not easy to compre- 
hend. David Williamson. 

White Tuubarv (10"' S. i. 310).— As no- 
one has answered the query of W. E. S., I 
should advise him to submit a characteristic 
specimen of the plant to some boUnist of 
his acquaintance, who would give him its 
scientific name. Or if he will send me such 
a si>ecimen to the address given below, I will 
get it identified for him. I see that the name 
(UivoH is among a list of words given in 
Wright's 'Dialect Dictionary' respecting 
which information is desired. 

Joseph A. Martindale. 

Staveley, Kendal. 

France and Cn-ruzATioN (10"" S. i. 448). 
— I may mention two curious plates or tablets 
on the stairs of the Museum at Boulogne-sur- 
Mer, dated 1572, one recording that " England 
and France together can conquer the world, 
and the other " That England and France 
have more common sense than all theworld, 
written no doubt by some enthusiastic Eng- 
lishman during a temporary peace betweea 
the many wars of that period. 

J. Ddnninotos Jefferson. 

BuNNEY (lO"- S. I 489).- Daly given in the 
' Eng. Dial. Diet.,' but without an etymology. 
It not only means a chine, but a culvert, or 
conduit for water. The final -i/ in such wonlft^ 
often arises from Uvft^t'SfvAv *.vl*?Ivt. -t. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [io*aiL jolt2,i90». 

sms to me to bo precisely the O.F, 

tuyau, canal " (lioquefoftj ; from 
ne, " borne " (Roquefort) ; probably a. 

or miaspelling for lontie. In Kcard 
'mandy and in the liovtchi dialect 
vord tounte, a boundary, limit, F. 
ppeam as bonne; see Moisy and 

As to the sensei, the Rully or chine 
Mf— i.e., ia bounded or liinited by its 
88 or edRea ; hence the senses of 

canal, aqueduct, culvert, and the 
Walter W. Skeat, 

3 'Evidence before tlie Hull Dock 
:«e,' 1B40, p. 146,_ mention is made 
ei* being taken into a pond by a 
?." The ' N.E.D.' quotes only from 
ire, in 1873. W. 0. E. 

id ale in his 'Imperial Dictionary' 
it in tin and copper mines a great 
n of ore without any vein coming 
!oing out from it is so called, 
e al»o heard it applied to the stone 
rough stone arch thrown over a 
wat-ercourse, such as a ditch or land 
here it has to be crossed by a foot- 

EvEHAED Home Coleman. 
cknock Road. 

re's not a crime," (fee. (10"* S, i. 
hese lines are in the Third Book of 
Dwning's ' Aurora Leigh.' 

Walter B. Kingsford. 
Univenity Club. 

Harbour (lO'i' S. i. 341, 413, 496).— 
ince of opinion is certainly in favour 
sxplanation ''cold htirhoor," but this 
ar from meeting all the circumstances, 

my mind is far from satisfactory. 
;ertainly Cold Harboura are by no 
,1 ways on Roman or important high- 
md there is, I believe, no direct 
e of the existence of such harbourages, 
they are certainly not impossible. 
1 is another suggested derivation, 
jliis Arbomm, the hitl of trees, that 
fered from its appearing too simple 
ae. A little while ago 1 saw reference, 
in an account of a motor race, to a 
I France called Col d'Arbros. If this 
enuine old namei, it would seem to 
ie question, as the German or Flemish 
icrbergh " might very well be a per- 
of the Human word. 
I pose that a French gazetteer would 
'erences to the name, and the matter 
linJy worth investigation. Any one 
Q eye for landscape knows that a 

liill is by uo means a frequent 

object ; indeed, clumps of trees are among the 
best-known landmarks. The Iiomans, who 
introduced so many trees, might very well 
have planted them as landmarks, or even for 
the purpose of growing timber. 

Ralph Ne^tll, F.SA. 

Flaylvg Ain^K (9"- S. xii. 429, 4S9 ; lO* S. 
i. 15, 73, 155, 353).— One of the most notable 
cases of flaying alive was that of Marcantonio 
Bragadino, who with Astorre Baglione com- 
manded the garrison of Faraagusta, and 
withstood the Turks for a year. Compelled 
by famine and fatigue, the generals capitu- 
lated on favourable terms— 1»<«»' /tita, that 
the garrison should march out with all the 
military honours, and be supplied with 
proper vessels to transport thera to Crete. 

Mustapha Pa-sha, however, broke his word. 
Baglione and otliers were murdered. Braga- 
dino was reserved for special torture and 
death. Here is one account of his suffer- 
ings :— 

"His nose and ears being cut off, he wM rolled 
together like a ball, and orammed mlo a hole, 
aciirce wide enough Ui hold him in that rAinful 
attitude ; then he was taken out that he might not 
expire itm soon, aud forced to kiu the Rround upoo 
which the ruffian Paaha trod ; They afterwarda 
tied him naked to the yard's arm of one of their 
gallies, that ho might be ejcpoaad to the aeoffs and 
ridicule of the spectators ; and at last, when they 
found that he couUl not live luach longer, he was 
hnnR up by one heel and flead alive. During the 
whole progreaa of these torments, he was never 
once (teen to shrink; a oircumBtance which stung 
tlie brutal muasulinan to the soul. His akin WM 
salted, Btuffed. dried, aod placed in the arsenal at 
Coriitantinople."— 'Travels through dilferent cities 
of I4ermany, Italy, Lireet'fl, and several parts of 
Asia,' by Afexander Drumuiond, Esij., His Majeaty^ 
Consul at Aleppo, London, 1751, Letter vi. or about. 

I take the above from " Excerpta CTOria. 
Translated and transcribed by Claude Dela- 
val Cobham. Nicosia, Herbert E. Clarke, 
1895," p. lea tt M<i. 

In the same book (p. ST) is an account of 
the death of Bragadino, which differs a littla 
from the above. It is from chap. xvi. of 
"Itinerariuni Hierosolymitanum et Syria- 
cum, Auctore loanne Cytovico," published at 
Antwerp "A pud Hieronyraum Verdussium 
MDCXix.," translated by Mr. Cobham. Van 
Kootwyck (otherwise Cotovicus) omits the 
rolling up like a ball, the cramming into 
the hole, the forcing to kiss the emund, the 
tying to the yardarm. and the hanging up 
by the heel, but adds that Mustapha ordered 
the skin to be stuffed with straw, hung on a 
mast, and so taken to Constantinople. 

"After many year* had passed his brother and 
sons bought it for a great price, carried it to 

lO" s. u. jrLY 2. 19M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Venice, and saw it laid in a marble urn in tlie 
liurch of SS. (iiovaniii e Paolo, willi Ibis inscrip- 

[III lo the memory of a moat fond father, and a 

ader of undyinK fame. 

t> . o . r . 








iJfS . UAL . CUl . IC . l,XXl . XV . KAL . S«PT . 
|ASN . SAL . CK> . (C . lAXXXVI . VISIT AS.N . XLVI . 

In the south transept of tlie Milan Cathe- 
Iral is the reinarkal)la statue of St. Bar- 
iiolomew by Marco Agrata. The saint is 
eprcsented flayed, with his «kin on his 
boulder. The statue has the following 
ascription ; — 

Noa me Praxiteles sed Marcus finxil Agrates. 

Kentish Custom on Easter Day (10"" S. i. 
4, 391).— With reRaid to Mr. Hossky's 
lued note as to the non-exijitence of the 
liddenden maids named Chulkhurst, the 
■whole story is discredited by competent 
antiquaries. Hasted, in his ' History of Kent,' 
states that the print on the cakes is of modorn 
origin, and considers the land to have been 
given by two maidens named I'restou. The 

Elace was formerly called Benenden (see 
tut;dale's 'British Traveller'). This would 
be pronounced Binden, probably, and hence 
a notion that Binden was a corruption of 
Bidilenden. Would it not be worUi while 
oxamining the index of wills for the name of 
Preston I J. Holden MaiMiiiiael. 

TllK L0BISH0.ME (lO'i' S. i. 327, 417, 472).— 
In .Murray's ' Handbook for Portugal,' 1864 
edition, with reference to the province of 
Traz 08 Montes (p. 186), among other super- 
^itions, the writer says : — 

• Here also the Irelief in Itcntan is in full force ; 
-hey correspond very nearly lo the possessors of the 
power of second sight in Seollotid." 

Then follows verbatim (save for some half- 
dozen words) the passage quote<l at the first 
Bferenee by N. M. Jj A. Did the Ilov. J. 
»son Neale edit the * Handbook ' ? 
i<:ird Carnarvon, when r/i route from Mertola 
Beja, stopped at an inn ('Portugal and 
"cia,' third edit., 1848, p. 266):— 

" Here I obaerved a man of sinK^ ' ; , 

sitting apart, not speakine himaell. 
others. His face was pale and I: ■ » 

deep sunU, and his hairs were prenmluiely grvy. 
Tl)e Borderer whispered in my ear that he was i<ne 
of the dreadful Ixibishomens, a devoted race, held 
in mingled horror and commiNeratioii, and never 
nieutioaed without emotion by the Portuguese pea- 
santry. They believe that, if a woman be delivered 
of sevea male infants successively, the seventh, 
by an iuexiilicable fatalitv, becomes subject to the 
powers of darkness, and is oomiiclled on every 
Saturday evening to assume the likeness of an ass.* 
So changed, and followed by a horrid train of dogs, 
he is forced to run an impious race over the moors, 
and through the villageii, nor is allowed au interval 
of rest till the dawning Sabbath terminates his 
suSTerings, and restores him to his human shajie. 

A wound intlioted upon the poor victim caa 

alone release him from this accursed bondage." 

In ' Travels in Portugal,' by John Latouche 
(Oswald J. F. Crawfurd), published 1875, I 
find on p. 329 :— 

"The wehr-woU belief is almost universal in 
Northern and Western Portugal, and the existence 
of witches and warlocks and rerrtiau'f of ever}' kind 
is established on evidence more than sutficient to 
oouviuce Mr. Wallace of spiritualistic celebrity." 

Mr. Crawfurd attributes (p. 26) this super- 
stition to tlie influence of the Bomans, fur- 
ther observing that the language "is nearer 
to Latin than any other known tongue," and 
that the cultivation of the soil, " to this day, 
is done in accordance with the precepts of 
Cato and Columella." 

"The type of Latin legend to which 1 refer is 
that welt-known and most grisly and hideous of all 
ghost stories, the tale of the soldier in Petronius 

Ho then narrates a gruesome story illus- 
trating this weird belief, told to him by a 
farmer who was an actor in the events, some 
twenty years earlier. 

Is not the root of this belief to be found in 
cases of children, lost or abandoned in wild 
places, who have survived, like Caspar the 
German boy, or Mowgli in Uudvard Kipling's 
'In the Rukh'? Miiller, the" head of the 
woods and forests in Iiidia, speaking to 
Gisbome, says : — 

"Now 1 tell you dot only once in my service, 
and dot is thirty years, haf I met a boy dot began 
as this man began Und he died. Sometimes you 
hear of dom in der census reportx, but dey all 
die. Uis man [Mowgl^ haf lived, and he ii an 
anachronism, for he is before der Iron Age, and der 
Stone Age." 

I have read a story (by Rudyard Kipling 1) 
of the capture of a wild boy, who dies from] 
the effects of confinement and cli&^;;f nf dietj^ 
he could not speak when caup ■ -t 

before his death two or throe ' \' 

remembered from infancy. ii. \\ 

• Did not the wiUvix Ta«Mk.\n"<'-^'- ■* "" 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio"" b. il juxt 2, iqm. 

TiTULADOES (lO"" S. i. 449).— It has already ' " Ordore<i 

Ijeen explained at 5'* S. viii. 238 that they 
were persons who were found in possession 
f.f lands in Ireland about 1659, and who might 
l>e suppijsed to have a presumptive title to 
them. In fact, the Census would apjjear to 
give a list of the Crorawellian proprietors 
oefore the settlement of the Court of Claims 
after the restoration of Charles II. 

EvKRARD Home Coleman. 
71, Brecknock Road. 

"Titnladoes" is a very late Anglo-Saxon 
way of writing Castilian /i7H/rtrfos=" titled 

to be printed 2l«t August, 1820." 
They are ' Lords'^ Pajwr ' 105 of 1S20. My 
copy is bound up with " Communicinions oa 
the part of the Queen with His Majesty's 
Government. Laid before both Houses of 
Parliament, June, 1820. London : Printed by 
R. G. Clarke, at the London Gazette Office, ' 
also the Bill and a few newspaper extract*. 
One of the last gives a list of the '" peers who 
voted for the Queen on the third reading," 
with three columns of figures headed respec- 
tively • Their Wives,' ' Daughters above 
18 years,' 'Mothers, Sisters, and Aunts.' 

people " or " men of quality." Another proof i Thus the first in the list, Arden, is given aa 

having one wife, three daughters above 
IS years, and three of the last category. The 
totals are 74 wives, 08 daugliters above 18, 
and 220 mothers, sisters, and aunts. Then 
follows : " Grand Total of Females 3«J2 ! ! ! 
The above is an nrruraic statement of the 
female connexions of the Peers who opposed 
the third reading of the Queen's " (I suppose 
that " divorce bill " would complete the sen- 
tence). It is no doubt intended to be implied 
that petticoat influence defeated the Bill. 

of tne influence of Spain upon Ireland is the 
fact that the English " sixpence" is still callcKi 
in the Gaelic of Kerry, as I was there told in 
1897, a real, the name of a Spanish coin, now 
worth only 25 centimos, but formerly more. 


This word is doubtless the Spanish titulado, 
a person having a title. The so-called Census 
of^ Ireland of 1059 appears to have been 
compiled in connexion with "An Ordinance 

for the speedy raising of moneys towards the TiTe^extralTtTsVithourname oTdVte 
supply of the Army and for defraying of , r^y,^^ j, ^ book called " The Royal Exile ; 
other Pubhck Charges, which was made by I „ Memoirs of the Public and Private Life 
the Genei-al Louvention of Ireland in ICGO, ^^ ^^^ Majesty, Caroline. Queen Consort of 

a few weeks befoi-e the R«storation. This Q^eat Britain by J. H. Adolphus. Loudon, 

ordinance, after mentioning the vexatious ,j,2)," two volurae.s. My copy, which has 
oppressions xyhich had been occasioned by ^ ' coloured portraits, ic, has at the end 
the unequal levying of public as-sessments, i ^f y^j. jj .-The Death-Bed Confessions of 
provides for the imposition of a capitation , ^hg, jj^jg Countess of Guernsey to Ladv Anne 

tax on every person of either sex over fifteen l g ■• thirty-first etlition, with a coloured 

years of age. It orders that those under the frontispiece. Robert Pikrpoint. 

rank of a yeoman or farmer should pay 12</,, i 

of a gentleman 2ji., of an esquire An., of a 1 Phu'.be Hesskl, the Stepnev Amazon 
knight 10s., of a baronet 20s., of a baron 30»., I (lo'" S. i. 406).— I think, if one may credit the 
of a \iscount 4/., of an earl 6/., and of a | Admirnllt/ and Ilortf (hunxU Gnzett-- of some 
marquis (iL, and that a marauis should pay few years back, that Pha-be Hessel's monu- 
8/. The tituladoes would therefore appear I ment in Brighton churchyard gives her 
to have been the persons who were to be I birthplace as Chelsea, not Stepney. She 
assessed at a higher rate than the populace, ' served for many years, according to the 
and the .supposition that only those over \ account alluded to, in the .itli Foot, but 
fifteen years of age were included in the 
onuaieration would show that the ])opulation 

was not then so extraordinarily small as the 
figuroa in the Census indicate. 

F. Ei.KiNc.TOS Ball. 

Trial ok Queen CAiioLiNE (10"' S. i. 127, 
174).— See "Minutes of Evidence taken on 
tlie Second Reading of the Bill intituled 
'An Act to deprive Her Majesty Caroline 
Amelia Eli/Alieth of the Title, Prer --•■ 
RightJS, Privileges, and Exemptions 
Consort of this Ueab'i '■■"' t<i dih.s..,.. i,,,'l 
Marriage Iwtween W \ and thu said 

Caroline .Amelia Eh.,:: ,..., which were 

Kirko's lAmbs were, I Iwlievp, the 2nd Foot. 
Living at Brighton, she became known 
to George IV., then Prince Regent, who sent 
to ask what sum of money would make her 
comfortable. "Haifa-guinea a week," re-, 
plied old Phrebe, " will make me as hapjiy as a 
princess." This was paid her till 21 December, j 
1821, when she die<i, aged 108 years. 


"The iietter tue day the nETTER TitBl 
deed" flO'i' S. i. 448).— In 4''- S. v. 28fi it wa*| 
pi)inted out that this was an English ri-iider- 
ing of a French proverb, " Bon iour, boniiel 
wuvre," or, making the m<n7tL7i'j clear enough, 
"Aux bons jours le» bonnes O'uvres." Atj 

Iff' s. II. i:»;4: NOTES AXI» QUKiriKS. 

p. 54"^ there i- ::.e >:r;:"u-: :. :f i :p !;=:-::: •.-:;■..;.•. i v- ■.;'•, .1: Ma- 

by Chief Ju»::cf- Hv'.: ^.vr:. ::. ".-".r ■};*:•;::•!, I :;». f M.;;. :■.:>;•.; . .■■.■ 

102S), in which he mt* — '■• -''.. '•>-i~- ;>-- : ■■■■s :■ 

"The juJ»-eso::ht I.'.', r.- ■:•. "i'lrs.* *:« :: ^r.i.:. :< :. :" >:-. W •. ■..i;-.- • 

opinion, but I oar.i.:-: si:.s:y r:'.y»e".:' ■».;:. ;;.Tr ::. ".:•>:> ':..i : .-.:■. .-^ i.-.-.; 

reasoiig. I thic'i; tie iic-.;er ■lay. -.hi if.HT iirti." ;< : ,,.•, c ;■ .■,;; .i ; , :. ■; ^ •, 

It is so given in his • l.ii^tionarr ...f yac-ta- •.x::::.: v :■. :...• .".t.i:;: >■:" 

tions," I'tiS. bv the Rev. Jame* Woi-i. ■vr.j "."V. c. •-. :;::\ >:\.. 
ascribes it to VV'aiker. 'l"i.o •.■..i:i;i" o.\ i;i< i:-. ;:•.,> 

EVEK.VRI' H'XMX C'ME.M.iX. vaiM ;i: K:..*-.!- ;,. Si'.iVv'lk 

71, Brecknock lXr,ini. iiv K. .V. v"ii<i>\ 1 

The ad'litiun of " should be " is (juite a 

•">. liri'xo Vil!;is. W .i!i-:i'.i.i. 

•> • 

. -.^ . >^ 





\ . 

; w » 

.' >s-, 



^ \,\ 


1'. ".l' 


ileparture fiotu the usual proverbial brevity, , . \i,i 1 • 

and, to judge from the correspondinj: con- .,.,,. '. "'^.' •*"iiiu;\ t 1 1 1. ■ 1: ,!,■ ■ s 1. 

tinental forms, incorrect. The French sav, ,., ' , ,, '■'■'"■''"''^' ':;''•":''" ' ^""> ' '-i " f.'i- 

"Bon jour. Ixm a-uvre." or rather " Iwnne i ' . ' ,. ''' T'^^, ■*"," ''.\"'- ""•■•! '''•■ '"'. 

u-uvre''; the Spanianls, "En buen dia bueiias i: •'•/"'l""':;' ^ '>".'■'«••< AI>;.'in..ii !..•« 1.. „i ,i„. 

obra.s": and the Portuguese, "Em bons dias •^;""' ^l!>U<>''Wniv h.-ninu-iii u^iih |-....|>, 

boiis obra.s.' Bay gives the Latin form as )^"'';.''«i' '''•<• •••"""'i-^si.' .lair.l i;m >. i.,l„.,. 

" Dicenda bona .sunt bona verba die," an<l the ,, -'i','''' ^V''' ""'. ' "'"'■'••i ' 'i- nn ( m r Tai.., „( 

English a.s "Tiie better the day the uaier J''^' '>*0'i' Manim .\iiillriy. «h..„. .Im... ii,.ni 

the deed." J. Holdex MacMuuvkl. -.V •'"'"'• '-''-"': '>ui it is p,,vsil,l,. i|„,i ,.,,.„ 

I tliosf ar(> not. tl Idcsi. smviMiin iiiihl.arv 

TJ3.A. AS A .Me\L (vS"" S. ix. 3vS7 ; X. :il t : !l>'' 
S. xii. 851 ,: 10"' «. i. 170, 209. 4r)(i).— I'lMJiaiis 

the following ((uotation from Fannv Kcmblc's 

'Kecordsof Later Days' may bo of iiitt-rust. 'V-'K", ''"' ','''^>' "' Aiikii-.i, i>>:;i; .\ihi... 
Writing on 27 .March, 1842, she says :— '^"' Ldward Ci'imys Fiuisliiiwc in .Siiiii-nil.r ., 
"My first introduction to •afloruooii tc-ii' took ^'^-^ } 'l'"' Adiniiai Sir .Ailhiir I .ll•|llhlll' 
^lace auring this visit to lielvoir, whmi I rciieivoil "" '•* .»Iiircli, I'-Jii; and i,t' lhi-;<! .\'liiiiiii.l 
on several ocuasions yirivate and rather niyct.jiious < 'nuiiannfV is sr).;ciall v Id hi; i|..l.-l a hiivini' 
invitations to the Duchess of IJclfora's room, and taken part in iIk- i.altj.- of .\;n:.m.., in I • 'V ' 
found her, with a 'small and delect circi- of fV.ii.-.l.. (•...: .1 1 .'.iv.nmim 1 .1. 
guests of the castle, busily einployed iV '..vwi w ^-''''-.'-''''''r l''.'\ '■"'-.'■■'• ■■•^>-->-- ■-•nul.:;; 
and drinking tea, with her grace's own i.rivato tea 'i'^ "■ *'"''','''■'' -"''i'''-l, l'. iiiav In: ;i'i.!.>| i.i,;i(. 
kettle. I do not believe that now uiiivcr»allv LlifUt.-Oii. I,". .\'ii;in wi.,'.<: :i ' 
honoured and observed institution of 'fivf ., •(•look to ih" I'',',/..'.., .<■,•■"• ', 

tea' dates further back in the amwl. of' KnliliM. ..ut tiial ( ■„1. Mi'-;;. „ < ' ); 

civilization than tnia very iirivatf iml I ti; 1 /• ■ ^^■■ 

rather shamefaced i.ractir.e of it " ■'" '' ^ ^^""^- J-rii'i'i-^^i'''- ^\ :ik!-.-i-i., 

I. '.Ill •):: it>; .Jj: ■ ■ 

otliccrs. In ri'^'ard l<i tiii- s.'iii..r s.i \ nr, ij,',, 
'Itoyal Xavy List.' for .Apiij, |;ioi, yiy,.., 
Admiral Sir KraMiiiis < >iiiiiiaiiiii-y ip: Iuiviiik 




u:i» ftiK\i;>s. .;..:i,:i;f;r.. .:'i .i:;:. t :',r- 

■I . -i ■■' 

■■1 1 

■■ ■■••III 111 ■ 1, / 

t. 1 

I:''- 1 : .■,-- i.:ui 
'■:■■ .'/ . . . !.■■: 

Note may w n,a/ifr of ti.f; 'o,,li,.£ ,,.- ..., I',::. 

leading journa. ot },jx. -.i.i,.; ./ n.^v. 

recordea oy .Mr. IV/:.^.-.- i-, , i ;. .. • ^^ ■. 

to the receoily pur.i./,.;;',^^; ^^jr^'^v' -i^ ' 

lology 01 *,.-.* rl-.2 ■•■ ,x.. .""■••'■-•I- : \ - ;; 

observid ;-*•, .-.0 ..-.i.;;^'.. ,; ,' '^ .'. ' * -■• .. . 

■wa* comj/.'^V: ■».•..■. ',,-':^."', ,"',"'■'■ •'• '•'-'■■:■■■'-■ ^ '.* 



>ia. i.'. 

Pott-. Fak..-.,- • 
grws! 'A :■:.... j^.-' ^ 

lo'.l'/iri.'.i «v.vf.-, ' :■' .'" 
ci«, p. iii ;;..' . J I ' ■ ^ 

wi-.i-jr. . \c.,'.'l Ml;"* 

Oi«,' T.-.i. ,_ . ,^,- 

'A-''^ x.;-;,«„ :;'••.•, 

•.* ' ' 

. • . 


I. .•...^.■•■■■'•-■'■.t;» 

■W r.- 


• .11. 

,■.■, V .■■•.. .uimiw 


V .iis.i.-.. 

j. ".7'. X ^.'SCMf 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io".s.iLJuLr2.i90». 


teller, is tinvariably asiociated. The nciglibourini; 
SnD U called iifter ner, »oA close Ui the well iuelf 
18 a cave in wliich ahe is (aid to liave njient a ^'ood 
deal of her time preparing spells and incantalious, 
Mid consultiug the stars and her familiar apirile. 

According to accepted tradition this woman's 

real name was Ursula SouthiU, and ahe wai born 
at Knaresborough, in a cottage close to the Droi>- 
■>iuK Well, in July, 14S8. She married one Tobias 
.Nhiplon, of 81iiptoii, near York, and a]ii)ear8 to 
have lived at that place as well as Knaresborough. 
Khe died at Shipton in IjGI, and was buried in the 
ohurcliyard there, and the following lines were 
carved upon her tombstone ;— 

Here lies she who never lied : 
Whose skill often bos been tried ; 
Her prophecies shall still survive. 
And ever keep her name alive." 

' Chambers's Encyclopredia,' giving as its 
aulliority 'N. &. 0/ of April 26, 1873 (4'" S. 
xi. 3.')6), has the following paragraph :— 

" A prophecy iu doggrel verse under her name 
was pnt into circulation about 18C2 by Charles 
Uindley, uii his own confeasion. These wretched 
lines concluded with a prophecy that the world 
■huuld come to an end in ISSl, which caused great 
fcuxiety amongst a few very ignorant jiersons in 
corners of Kngland '' 

John T. Page. 

West HaddoQ, Northamptonshire. 

Hektkord BoROU<iH Seal (10"" S. i. 448).— 
Would not " R.D.G." be merely an abbrevia- 
1 tion of "Ilex Dei Oratiii," in allusion to the 
granting of the charter of the Corixiration ? 


Dryden Portraits (10"' fcS. i. 368, 435).— 
A miniature, said to be John Dryden, by 
8. Cooper, wa.s included in the special ex- 
hibition of works of art at the South Ken- 
sington Museum in June, 1862. See revised 
catalogue by J. C. Robinson, January, 1863, 
p. 236. Chas, Hall Crouch. 

S, Grove Villas, Wanstead. 

PoEM3 ON Shakespeare (10^" S. i. 409, 472). 
— It is true, as Mr. Jauuaed points out, that 
I liave been forestalle<i in ray task of com- 
piling a volume of tributes to our national 
poet ; but whereas the book produced under 
the able editoiship of Mr. C. E. Hughes con- 
tains botli prose and verse, the one of which 
1 liave been appointed editor will contain 
verse only— in brief, ' Poems on Shakespeare.' 

To the many readers of ' N. i Q.' wlio have 
most kindly referred rae to poems on Siiake- 
speare I return my most grateful thauk:^, and 
their courtesy will be recorded in my preface, 
Lest any misunderstanding should arise, 
i)lease allow tne to add that the work edited 
by Mr. Hughes was not published when I 
sent my query to ' N. ife Q.,' nor had I heard 
of it until my friend the Mayor of Stratford- 
on-Avon (to whom I am dedicating my 

anthologv) itent me a copy during the Last 
week in May. Chas. F. Fokshaw, LL.D. 


A Dictionary of English Diaijsit 
Synonyms (9"' S. xii. 444).— To all appear- 
ance, my suggestion has not exciteti sym- 
pathy ; and I am sorry for the failure. 1 
can hardly believe that no other reader of 
' X, >ii; Cj.' has been troubled as I have been 
by lack of such a book of reference ; and yet, 
if the treasure lie in existence, 1 think I 
should have hoard of it. 

The following synonyms for minnov 1 
found mentioned in the Spectator's review 
of Sir Herbert Maxwell's 'British Frosli- 
Water Fishes' {i:> May): pink, baggie, 
baggit, banny. Jack Barrel, Jack Sharp, 
meaker, menot^, minion, peer, .thadbnu, 
minnin. Imagine the convenience of having 
all these names in sight at the same monteat, 
instead of having to spend a week in picking 
them out of thousands of irrelevant words in 
the 'E.D.D.' ! Time and eternity forbid, or 
I believe I should myself attempt to produce 
the compilation I long for. Before the 
' E.D.D.' was uiiderlaken material for this 
would have been most ditlicult to obtain ; but 
now it is quite accessible. St. Swithin. 

Legend of the Cooncil ok Constasci 
(10^" S. i. 8, 397). — When visiting lately 
Dr. H. Krebs, justly revered at Oxford and 
elsewhere for his kindness and courtesy to 
scholars, I saw among his librai^ treasures a 
copy of Heine's essays ' Tober Deutsohland,' 
dealing with the history of religion and 
philosophy in Germany. Dr. Krebs had 
marked a reference (Erster Teil, p. 45) to the 
story of the nightingale interrupting tlie 
theological di.scourse, which Heine says 
happened at Basel in May, 1433. The Basel 
Council aat from 1431 to 1449, many years 
after the Council of Constance and the death 
of Hus. It appears, therefore, that A. N. 
Maikov based liis poem on the Basel story, 
and referred it to the previous Council, as 
Mr. Wainewriuht remarks. Heine's account 
of the ascetic attitude towards the f>owers 
and beauty of nature, considered as dia- 
bolical seductions from the paths of virtue, 
is very .striking, and written by as great a 
master of prose as of poetry. 

Francis P. Mabchant. 

Brixton Hill. 

AUDYN OB AUDIN FaMILY (lO"' S. i. 148, 

495).— Mr. G. a. AuriEN should write to 
H. I. n. Audain, Esq., Board of Trade, Bank- 
ruptcy Buildings, Carey Street, W.C. 

Fkancis Kcro. 

io*8.iLJti.v2.i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Paste (10"' S. i. 447, 477, 510).— Aa some of 
your correspondents BUg^est that Dr. Murr.vy 
should oouimunicatc with Crosse & Black- 
well, I may say that I wrote to that firm, 
and they suggested my writing to Messrs. 
BcKGKss ifc Son, whose reply, which would 

L seem to be final, appears at the last reference. 

^m J. C. F. 

^V Mayob'8 Seal for Confirmation (10''' S. 

i. 447). — The use of another's aeal was fairly 

common. Perliap.s the movt notable instance 

is found in the "Calendar of Patent Rolls, 

J 1399-1401,' p. 32C, where no less important a 

■person than John de Bokyngham, Bishop of 

^^Eincoln, used the seal of the Prior of Christ 

^^Biiurch, Canterbury, in addition to his own, 

^^Kecause the latter was unknown to many. 

^^ It. C. F. 

Tyntk Book-platk (10"" S. i. 449).— The 
arms on the shield of pretence are those of 
the Bulkeley family, and the crest and the 
motto are those of the Worth family. 

The owner of the book-plate, James Tynte, 
who was for many years a member of the 
Irish Parliament, and who was appointed a 
Privy Councillor, was a younger son of the 
Hon. William Worth, a baron of the Irish 
Exclieauer from 1681 to 1689, by hia second 
wife, Mabella, daughter of Sir Henry Tynte. 
I BaJlycrenan, in the county Cork, ana 
Bok the name of Tynte on succeeding to 
iroperty belonging to his mother's family. 
te married Hester, daughter of John 
ulkeley, and granddaughter of Sir Richard 
iulkeley, the first baronet of the Irish 
lion, and through the death of his wife's 
ncle— the second baronet, who bore the 
me Christian name as his father— without 
iue, succeeded to the property derived 
im Archbishop Lancelot Bulkeley, the first 
of his name to settle in Ireland. Through 
hia father Mr. Tynte was also connected with 
the Bulkeleys, for Baron Worth, who was 
married no less than four times, married, as 
his third wife, the widow of the first Sir 
Richard Bulkeley, and as his fourth the 
widow of the second Sir Richard Bulkeley. 
The house in the county Dublin in which 
r. Tynte resided is atill to be seen. It is 
lied Old Bawn, and is situated near the 
llage of Tallaght. It was built by the father 
of the first Sir Richard Bulkeley, Archdeacon 
William Bulkeley, who was a, son of the 
archbishop, and is interesting as the only 
remaining example of several stately man- 
sions which were built in the vicinity of 
Dublin while the Earl of Straflbrd held the 
isitioD of Lord Deputy. A curious plaster 
imney-piece (supposed to represent the 

building of the walls of Jerusalem by 
Nehemiah) in the dining-room has attraclefl 
mucli attention, and the staircase and carved 
woodwork have been greatly admired. 

F. Eleinoton Bali.. 



Suummiuff. By Ralph Thomas. (Sampson Low 4 

So far as regarda bibliography, at leaat, the present, 
aa students of onr oolanins are aware, are days of 
arduous labour and acientiiic reiearch. Few books 
in that favoured class can be, however, so cou- 
scientiouB and thorough as this of our contributor 
Mr. lialph Thomas upon swiniming. Id its original 
form it api>ear»d in a pseudo-anonymous shaiie in 
1808 imder the title "Swimming: a liibliographical 
List of Works on Swimming. By the Author ot 
the ' Handbook of Fiolilious Xames.' " What the 
author describes aa a pamphlet has now expanded 
into a volume of close on nve hundred pages, hu|>' 
plying a full list of books published on the aubjeci 
in Kngliah, Ciernmn, French, and other European 
laneuages. The work is, however, far more than a 
bibliography. It is an exhaustive treatise by an 
expert. Mr. Thomas is an honorary member ot the 
executive committee of the Life-saving Society. 
In addition to a history of swimming from Assyrian 
times until the present day, he supplies practical 
instructions in swimming, tno value of which is not 
easily to bo overrated. In his prefatory matter he 
olfers an apology for the length of his criticianLs 
and citations, urging, with perfect propriety, that 
" one man cannot judge for another what is 
trash." In the case of 'N. & Q.' nothing of the 
kind is neoeasary, since herein, at least, the value of 
thoroughness is acknowledged. Everything con- 
nected with the theory and practice of swimming 
and resuscitation is told, and notes are supplied on 
the progress of swimming during four centuries, 
upon the breast-stroke and aide-stroke, the ancient!^ 
as swimmers, the different forms of swimming lu 
various countries, the method of Bernard, swim- 
ming on horseback, Ji:c. : and such things as costume, 
cleanliness, and the like are not neglected. Almost 
the only matter of current interest of which we 
fail to tind a complete account is the question, 
recently brought into notice, of bathingniachinen 
and the difference between the French calmur ami 
the abomination so long in fashion in England. 
Tent bathing is a thing of recent growth, and bids 
fair to revolutionize public bathmg. Mr. Thomas 
doubtless remembers, as do we ourselves, the |>eriod 
when not only in remote Welsh or Scottish dis- 
tricts, but in such English watering-places as the 
Isle of Tbanet and the great Yorkshire and Lanca- 
shire resorts, the process of bathing was primitive 
enough for the South Sea islands or for the inhn 
bitants of unsophisticated Japan. One hundred 
and twenty-six illustrations add greatly to the 
value and attractions of the book. The earliest of 
these are of Assyrian origin, some of them being 
taken from the sculptures in the Bodleian. On 
p. 1,30 is a representation of a coin of Abydos, 
A.D. 193, showing Hero, alone and naked in a bower 
that will not hold a second denizen, stretchva'«.c>v\.«. | 
light to the struggling Uauk&m. fc^ w**foSw,<«v>!t«i 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io'»b.ii.jci,»o ,904. 


foliowiiiK 1<AK^< depicU her with ■ torch in (iloce 
of the lamp of cloiuic !)ha]>e, but with uven leas 
place ill which to lod(!e the struBKliot; youth. Many 
of the plates reiiresciit methods of life • naving, 
inducing artificial reapiration, and the tike ; others 
are devoted to illustrating the wronc ideas on 
■iinilar aubjects that prevailed until recent days. 
It ia satisfactory to find that Kiiglaud takes the 
lead as regards the literature on the iiubject, and 
also ia most advanced in practical skill, the latter 
being a matter of some surprise. Everard Digby 
is the author of the tirst English book on swim- 
ming. His ' De Arte Nalandi, Libri iJuo,' was 
{jrinted in London by Thomas Dawson in 15^. It 
las twice been translated into English and once 
into French. Beowulf s stroke is, of course, ooni- 
niemorated, and Mr. 'rhomas gives a new transla- 
tion of his famous lines deaeriptive of swimiiiiui; in 
the sea. Hero wo take leave of thi.i entertaimng 
and useful volume, which we commend warmly to 
our readers. When once Iwgun the |>eruBal is not 
readily almudoned. 

PriiiKra Pi< - a FtDtii-al Soiirtnir of Iht Printtr^ 
PtiiHWii Corporation, liKii. ('The Sjihere ' Olhoe.) 
Last year's ' Pie ' brought a. thousand pounds to 
the Printers' Pension Fund. This has induced Mr. 
Hugh S|>ottiswoode to raakft a second venture, and 
we have no doubt that the present 'Souvenir' 
will be ecjuolly successful. The array of authorB 
flhows at a glance what the reader has to exjiect, 
and his pleasure will be enhanced as he remembers 
that the entire contents are the generous gifts of 
the authors. Among these we find 'A Crearing 
House for Authors,' by J. K. Jerome; 'Diary of 
a Scottish Antignarian Diaoovarer,' by Andrew 
Lang ; 'Cross Readings— and Caleb Whitefoord." by 
Austin Dobsou. Whitefoord woa a Scotch wine 
merchant and picture-buyer, whose jwrtrail figures 
in Willcie's ' I.«ttfir of Introduction.' Mr. Austin 
Bobson says of hini : " He was on* of the ' most 
•diatinguished Wits of the Metropolis," who, follow- 
ing tiarriok's lead, diverted tfaeinselvea at the 
8t. James's Coffee ■ house by composing those 
«pitaphs on Goldsmith which gave rise to the in- 
comjmrable imrtrail-Kallery entitled ' Retaliation.'" 
Among extracts given from Whitefoord are the 
following : " ' 1713— iSpring Meeting. Mr. Wilkes^ 
horse. Liberty, rode by himself, took the lead at 
«t*rting ; but being pushed hard by Mr. Bishop's 
black gelding, Privilege, fell down at the Devil's 
Ditch, and was no whore.' The ' Ship News* is on 
the same pattern: ' AuguM 25 [1765J. We hear 
that his Majesty's shi^^ NtwcaMlc will soon have 
n new figure-head, the old one Iwing almost worn 
out.'" Ouida contributes "A Memory," in which 
some interesting reminiscences of ,Sir 

it oonatitat«a an attractive volume, with twelve 

Tub Athaiirum on ^5atu^d«y la?' '■ 

appearance of its four-thousaniith t 
like thatof "that surviving glory.' 
George Meredith," having taken place : 
pre-eniioence it enjoys atnoug literary 
both as regards intlucnce and length oi 
to the inde|)endence as well as the criti 
its judgments. In ita time it has lu 
attempts at rivalry, some of them ..' 
form, title, and similar matters. 

for press anonymity, it has never u „., ,. .,„, 

its contributors to appear ; and as such can only I 
issued from official sources, the world is not like., 
to know how many men of highest eminence ar« 
concealed behind tile editorial "wo.' It is to be 
trusted that many more thousands of issues will 
see ita pro*|>erity undiminished and ita authority 

Siatitts to Contnjioubnttc. 



are given .. 

Henry Thompson, r. Anstey has an amusing 
sketch 'lining Round the Caves.' Other con- 
tributors are the Duke of Argyll, Miss Braddon, 
Tom Gallon. Henry W. Lucy, and W. Pett Kidge. 
The illu.«itrations, fifteen in number, include 
Roniney's portrait of Lady Craven, beautifully 

wbola makes a wonderful shillingsworth. 

Mliitsnu. METai;Ex Ic Co. have given us a capital 
life of Fwobert Burns, by T. F. Henderson, Mr. 
Henley's partner in the best edition of the poems. 

miuU call rpteial aUtnlion to the /oUowinu 
noticf.— " 

On all communications must be written the ntm^ 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for DobO 
licaiion, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

Wc cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 

To secure insertion of communications corre- 
sptjndents must observe the following rules Let 
each note, query, or reply be written on a separatA j 
slip of paper, with the signoture of the writer and! 
such address as he wishes to appear. \S'heri answeiwl 
iug queries, or making notes with regard to previou* 
entries in the paper, contributors are rwj nested to 
put in iiareutheaes, immediately after ilia exact 
heading, the series, volume, and page or paxes to 
which they refer. Correspondents who reheat 
queries are requested to head the second mm. 
munication " Duplicate." 

Bnt!TL-s.— "Navvy"' is from "navigator," as such 
workers were originally emjiloved upon wi.rks of 
internal navigation— canals, dykes. &o. See Farmer 
and Henley's 'Slang and its Analogues, which 
quotes for the word Xingsley's ' Veast ' and Faw- 
cett's 'Political Economy.'"Life is immortal till one's work U 
done").— Dr. Jamw WiLHAMf* stated at S'^ S vi 
•I3S that the line °' "' 

Man is immortal till his work is done 

is the last line of a sonnet in his volume of verses 

called ' Kthandnne ' (A. & C. Black, ISJC) At 8"- 

S. \'ii. 239 W. C. B. |)ointed out that the author 

of the line was inquired after at 5"' S \ 'MO i' , 

in 1878. 

J. WaThun ("Nafioleonic Medal").- The proof 
was sent for verification. The query appears a«/e 
p. 9. ' 

T. W. B. ("KingJohn'sChartera"),— Anticitiat«d 
by M 11. Hamh-to.v, 10"" S. 1.512. '*°M«P»tea 

Editorial communications should be addresaod 
to "The Editor of ' Notes and Queries'"— Ad ver- 
tisenieou and Business Letters to "The Hub 

',"*""■ 'j'Ji' •'*"' ^^"^ Breom's Building,, Cbanoerr 
Lane, E.C. 


" The Oardmun' Chroniele hu fatthfall; held to lU promises. It \t itill, to-day, the best gaidaninK 
journal, boing indispensable equally to the practical gardener and tbe man of science, beoaniie eaoh 
fiiids in it something useful. We wish the journal atill further success." — Oarim flora, Berlin, Jan, 15. 

"The GartUnert' Chroniele is tbe leading horticultural journal of the world, and an historical 
publication. It has always excited our reapectful admiration. A country is honoured by the posaassion 
of such a publication, and the greatest honour wo can aspire to is to famish our own country with a 
journal as admirably oonducted." — La S«wuiine UorticoU, Feb. 13, 1897. 

" The QariUnert' ClirenuU is the most important horticultural journal in the world, and the moat 
generally acknowledged authority."— X« Uonitmr d'HTtieulture, Sept., 1896. 

The Oldest Horticultural Newspaper. 




(The 'Times' of Horticulture.) 






Its Contributors comprise the most 

Experienced British Gardeners, 

&nd maay of the most 

t Eminent Men of Science 
I and Abroad. 



Specimen Copy post free on application to the Publisher, 

H. G. COVE, 41, Wellington Street, Strand, London. 

Telegraphic Address— GARDCHROM, LONDON. Telephone No. isis QEiUURD. 

%* May It ordered of all Bookidlen and NewtagenU, and at the Railway £oafartjalX». 

NOTES AND QU ElilES. dO"- s. ii. jclv 2, i»i 



Dictionary on Historical Principles. Founded mainly on tlie MateriaU collected b 
the Philological Society. Edited by Dr. JAMES A. H. MURRAY. 
Complete Part, Q— REE, 12«. 6d. Double Section, REACTIVELY— REE, 5*. Pi 
pared by Mr. W, A. CRAIGIE. 





G. GREGORY SMITH, M.A. 2 vela, crown 8vo, cloth, 12*. net. 


The DOMESDAY BOROUGHS. By Adolphus Ballard, B.A. LL.B^ 

8vo, cloth, vith i Plans, 6*. 6d. net. ■ 


Lincoln College. Demy 8vo, cloth, 7s, Gd. net. 


MONTESQUIEU. (The Romanes Lecture, 1904.) By Sir 

COURTENAY lUiERT, K.C.S.I. CLE. 8vo, paper covers, 2». net. 


Introduction and Notes, by G. W. HEADLAM. Crown 8vo, cloth, 6«. 


Year 1G25, exhibited in the Examination Schools, Oxford, under the auspices of a 
Committee of the Oxford Historical Society, April and May, 1904. 4to, buckraia 
back, paper sides, 6«. net. 





COLLEGE, OXPORD. To which is apjwnded a List of the Writings of Dr. DaubenyJ 
and a Register of the Names of Persons who hare attended the Chemical Lectures o^l 
Dr. Daubcny from 1822 to 1867, as well as of those who have received instruction in 
the Laboratory up to the present time. By R. T. GUNTHER, M.A. F.L.S., FelloTr^ 
and Tutor of Magdalen College, Oxford. With a Preface by the President of Magdali 
Svo, cloth, with 3 Ulustrations, 5«. net. 

London . HENRY KROWDE, Oxford UnlTeraity Press Warehoosc, Amen Comer, E.G. 

WMkI, *i lOfOI c FRANCIS, Rrata't MxUdlw. Cbunrr lua. ■ : UH Pt1iW4 br JOHN IDWAU) rSAMOU. 
AlkMvui rnm. Braui « Baiuint*. Uiucwt L<m. a.C ItaMntoi, /«ly :, liut. ^ 



% IJlcMum of luterrommunication 



^B " Whan found, make a not« of." — Captain Cuttlb. 


• &rr»«<f<«l«i« Mausr. 
Ttrly SHl»rr,^in,K, M ptit /nt. 


{PmcK V 

MLVRU Av . Thn dMtrit tn ll|SP()>iK nf Mnio f'KIV*TKI.V ftr* 
tBTlM>d to •■Oil }MrtlOUI«lt t« IKMIPIfjN « MDNa, l'«ll U»tl K»»t. <«bO 
sra Klw»yi pr»|i*r«>l ui rIio fuU tk)u* for liit«r»»Uiig HxAmple*- 

WANTED, a BOOK dcPcribinR a {Clergyman's?) 
V&CATJ0I4 TUrit In SWKUKN, *e . aKnni the Urn* of the 
(TrlntMB War. Anj opa h>Tiit|i a copy, and nnwilltnff tn P«li nr Lead 
ir wouia crMLJjr '>bll|t« Advertiser hf »i)n<1lnii him Itila aud Aothor'i 
Name —1-'. 11, J. H . 10, Gratwlcke Itoad, Wonhior- 


" examlnv wfiti your blood. Ua 

from Joha ol Oannt doth brlac bli padlf raa."— HK4aRapa*aa. 

NCESTRY.T? ' ' '.tcK Irish, and American. 

TKACftl) frr>i>. !»■ antrttlilf Wctt of KnaUind 

Smitcmiii Kami • kLL I t'lUM, 17. lt*dford LTrcui. 

'. and t, rphaut i __ ..^^~. . i.iawlek, LOBilon, W. 

MR. L. Cnr.I>RTOV, 02, Piccadilly, London 
lMaiDrM< ' i|ta AollijnarlaD incleltett. under> 

MtM Um fun ..(11 I'BiliU llficUtnrs. Cn|.te« <*r 

AMCrftcrtafrf>>^ 'r->liogB roU t<thcr Krvoni* uMtful 

C»r 0«aaaJofi>'> ^ [>>t. AriiU>D>t. asil Ir«land. 

AbtiravtaiC'I l.>'.'f. i>.>rui.iof<it < "]>i«ii. Kit«n<lail. and 1 ranalatcd. 

Foffira )t»««arc)i(-t ivrrtcl nul Kii'juirlpt Ibflird. Mr. CuUetoD'« 
Frlvair (crtltf^ llun* am wiinn coniuUlof for tUasB 

Aailijuanan ami Kciaoiiae Material Marched lur and Oflplod at Ibc 
brlUah MQuttm and nther Arcltlte*- 


-i ' pliaa. Bo maitar oa «b*t ttntijvat Xrkanwifijf «it ih» world ovar 
aa lb' >un«; «ir«rt Ki'ikAaoar* tiLaoi )'!*•■» «tata wBBia. — HAKRH'i 
•raat Hooiiikop,14<10, Joba Bricbt Htraat, Htr mini bam. 



•fS7aa4S» Wa>t38rd 4irr«i, Nrw Vork aod 74. IIBUKOMD rtTKIIT. 
LONIiON. Vi.C, daaita to call tai ailfatloo of tht ItKAl'lNO 
rCHLlL' Id tb* •xctlUoi lacklliiM pr»««nt*<I hy thair Hraorb Houi* la 
LaadoB ror niliDC. oi the rkmL U«owrKl>t« tarmi. orden t>tr tb«lr 
•wm STANDAHl) rUtlLlCAnuNa. aad tor ALL AUBHIUA!* 

CaulonatMBtea appiioallaa 


X iTba LKAll8NHAia. I'UMf). 144 , l*Qbliiher« and I'rlMlart, 
ii"*. I/«a<Unhall ^irret. Loiidun. K.0 ) 
Cnntalna halrl»ti ptytr «««r «*Mrh th« pan allpa wllh partafll 
fraadom. UlipMocc aarh »i i-ar du«aa, rolad or plain. Maw Pooh* t 
Alia. i» p«rdr»»n, laled or plain 

Author* ahnnid noia thai lb* I.*a<1nnhall l'r«a«, Ltd . eannai ba 
raapoaaittln for th« loaa ot MAX. uj Ore or utbarwiM. Dnpllcala caplai 
■boBld bi ratalaad. 

STICKPHA8T PASTK is miles better than Gum 
for ittckloc In Acrapa, Joininr l^para, Ac. M . ft.f . aad \§. wltb 
•troBK.aaefnl Itroabinnia lay.. !^nd \mo atainpa to aovar poaiaft 
lor a aaniiila lk>itlr, lacludiac tlrnib Farcorr. «u»ar lx>af ('onil 
Laadabbait Atr««i, H C. utali utaiionara. HitPkpbaai faata atlaka 



Preaervetl ai Alnvrlck Caiillt;. N'iirthii[n)>rrUni1. 

Tntnsorlbed Aud BdlteH, with Not«a And Iittroductlon. by 


Ltbmian of the Lambeth Public LttmriM. 

Wltb W) FuU-pAge Collotype KacAlmnfi and 1 otber 

IllURtratJonB. Royal ilu, 41 4< n«t. 
rMtuttf. — itf TrlbLt*, or rlTtav what la dup ]»y Francla Itocon — > 
Of Mi|[banlmitl« hj Franfila llacnD.-AdTrrtUcinenl tonchlnR trlvaia 
t-enaura II; fr«n(^lt luooo.— ArtfcrUtcment t«>achlnff th» cnatrc- 
virraleaof theChatoh hy I'raocla llaeon — ueiirr toa t'leorh ffct'Uriiias 
touchlBff tho prooMdlnjr* lu Xngia&d iq Kct-lniaatlml c*u><>« Kt 
rr«Bala Itaeoa.— AMeehr* tm * [>«vire p'vacbtfl t i- l.^ij. )i) Iraana 
llaoon.— aMMOh oflba Karl «>f .Suiaffx - Ifitrr froui flrl'hitih Nldner 
to Qaeen FllAalwth on her jiroposed marriage to ihf Iiort t>l Anlou.— 
Leyeeater ■ uonmioBweallb. 
",• Only tUf Coput printed. Protpectui ient en application. 


SAKT, »mi ihe KAKL of LKICKSThH, l>«ln([ » Kriirlnt 
of iLe Scarce HlnUtrlcal Work, cu'lilnd *LrvOMler*i 
Comraonwealtb.' IMl. Bdllrd by KK\NK. J. BUB- 
OOYKB, Librarian of the I.amb«lb Public LIbraiin. 
Fcap. 4Ui, it, 6f/. net. 
*,* Only StO Cujriti pnnttd. Prci/ttctut mt on applicatwm. 

LOnOHA.N'K, ORBBN * Cn . M. nwrsMUr How, Loadou B.C 
New York, aod Uomhay. ' 

JUST PUBLISRKIl, Fart II. FoaiUl tarlai. prioa !i. at. 

lUH, OOBUlBlaa l'l«Ui ..f 'Ut»rd of FainllT 01 ArwoIt^ hed- 
rorOltalrp. 1406^ of Arm§ aod Cmt ui Wlltikn) lau- 
holme. IM7, fedlfftwee of >%ntUleN of jit-WDrUi, Joaea of roraotawr 
and uf Comltruae i Hafueool Uefurce>, lluu, Ac. 

LoodoB; MITCHUJ,, HUOHESACLAJIKB. 140. WardourBlreel.«'. 

ntA?«cls. iTiatef of the ji^mwh-i. .Vm«> „Hrf gMrwi Ac kt 
prapaneo to ilL'fiMIT BanMaTUn tor aU aiaaa of HUUk.'xMWa 
aad rKHlUDlOAL Cum TINO.-U, kreaai t UaUaiaaa innaaan' 

HOW MAOr, priM lOi. M seL 




Wltb lurodaclloa t.f JOSEPH XKIORT, P t.A. 

Thit Index It double the tWe of prerloai oaai, aa It enataln* in 
addtuon to the ueoal Indat of ^.Li'.jn:. tli.- Name, ciij l'...„i/.n.. , 
of Wrlt«r«, with a but ol 
coaataot CoBtrthulore viewed . 
the ncht of Inrreaelnc the 

nonibar piloted ii limited, anj l ^ .,, .. : ■. ,...^„ ...;,,, 

Fm vj paat, lOi. lu 


NOTES AND QUERIES. fio* s. ii. jolv 9. ism 



186, STRAND, W.C, 


Principal Railway Bookstalls, 








]:ws, &c. 

Works in all Classes of Literature. 

Newest and Best Books of General Intere 
added as published. 

Subscriptions commence at any date, ar 
are transferable to any of the 800 BookstE 
and Town Depots FREE OF CHARGE. 

Books delivered at all Depots Carriage Pai 
Terms on application. 

Thousands of Surplus Library Books and New Remainder 
itable for Libraries (Public and Private), Book Clubs, Scho 
izes, and Presents, offered at Greatly Reduced Prices. 



io"s.iLJrLv9.i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTENTS. -No. 28. 

OTBS :— P«ri1ooi, Jl — Hlitory of rroverbt, 23— Talented, 
[33— Aliuty, 24— Tyl'urn— DUUcl! "Chunnerln"'— "It's 
is very goort wmlrt"- Bm Suptmlltioni, 3«— V»ocln»Uo[i 

ma<\ laoculnttoii, i7. 

QUBKIBS ;-WoKf will Grny'i • Blegy '-nolwrto Valentine 

~, — Boy»l C»rver-Lord Doihwell, 27-Bngllib CardioiUi' 

I H»U — " Dumper" -Butcher H«ll Strrrt — Rebeom of 

•Ivunhoe'- "Get » wiggle on" - Phllllpp. MS3.. •-'8- 

B»rly Dr»ion In CbMUr-Weletton : Walton: WaUon— 

Benhow— Lait«-L«rgc«t Private Hoiue la England, Si'. 

RBPLIES I— Martyrdom of St. Tbomai, 30—" Go anyobere 
and do anything "—Who haa "Improveit" Sir Edward 
I Dyer r XI— Name for a University Women's Club — 
•Chlldrea "f the Chapel '-Bopemalicrs' Alley Chaptl, M 
—The Sugliih Channel— Armstrong Gun, .31— Astwick ; 
AustwloW — Itlcbiird Stevens — "A paat" — Was Kean a 
Jew y— Magna Charta— Moon and the Weather, a.^- Tldea- 
well and Tldeslow, .')«— Arms of Lincoln— Proverbs In the 
Waverley Novels — Wolverhampton Pulpit, 37 — Stamp 
Collecting Llteraturt-Majur-fjeneral Eyres— 8lfp-brother 
— Guncaater, SS. 

ilOTBS ON BOOKS :— Calverley's ' Verses, Tranalatlona, 
land Fy-leavea '—■ Crest Masters '—Chauoer mo<1emUed 
' by Pnil. 8ke«t— 'Buillugton Magazine '—Magazines. 

Notices I" Correspondents. 


" Pardok er fjrat'ui ref/is," says Cowell, "is 

at wliich the king, in some .special regard 

'of the person or other circumstance, afforaeth 

up.m his absolute prerogative." It was 

.sually granted by letters patent under the 

re*t"Seal, as it still may be, but sometimes, 

in the case of Huinpnrey de Bohun, Earl 

Hereford in the time of Edwani I. (26 Ed- 

rard 1.). a Statute of the llealm was the 

eans by which it was eft'ecte<l. The prac- 

ce of granting pardons became so frequent 

at in tlie second year of Edward III. (1328) 

rdons for felonies were, by the Statute of 

..orthampton, restricted to those cases only 

where the felony was committed in hcIi- 

efence or by iniifortuue. In spite, however, 

this Act, uardons seem to liave Ijeen so 

■,y granted that two years later it was 

■sury to enact that the Statute of Nortli- 

iton should be kept and maintained in all 

ts (4 Eilward III., c. 1.3). In 13;i9, liow- 

, during the French war, Edward III. 

as KO greatly in need of loom^y that he 

impowered the Duke of Cornwall (ftft.erwaids 

lie Black Prince), the Archbishop of Canti 

ury, aud others to grunt parduusaud rar 

money by that and other means to enable 
him to continue the war( Longman's ' History 
of Edward III.,' vol. i. p. 153,quoting Uymer's 
'Faniera,' vol. ii. p. 1091). It seems that 
anciently the right of pardoning offences 
within certain districts was claimed by the 
Lords of the Marches and others who had 
"jura regalia" by ancient grants from the 
Crown or by prescription : but by the statute 
27 Henry VlII., c. 24, it was provided that 
no one but the king should have that power 
(Bacon's ' Abridgment,' s.v. ' Pardon '). 

In the Parliament which was held at 
Leicester in April, 1414, severe (lenalties 
were enacted against all suspected of " lieresy," 
and it was provide<l that those who relapsed 
after pardon had been granted them should 
first be hanged for treason against the king, 
and then ournt for against God 
(T. H. S. Escott's ' Gentlemen of the House 
of Commons," 1902, vol. i. pp. 51-2). In the 
year 1416 we have a record of "Letters 
Patent of Grace and Pardon " being granted 
by the king (Henry V.) to a certain Richard 
Surmyn (or Gurmyn), who was accused of 
heresy, " to have as well his life as his goods 
and chattels " (Riley's ' Memorials of London,* 
p. G30). 

About the same time Lord March obtained 
a pardon for any crime he might have com- 
mitted (Rymer's ' Ftcdera," vol. ix. p. 3ri3). 
This seems to have been a not infrequent 
practice ; a general pardon was obtainea "ex 
abundanti cautela " to some extent. Lingard 
says that "such pardons were frequently 
solicited by the most innocent, as a measure 
of precaution to defeat tho malice and pre- 
vent tlie accusation of their enemies " (' His- 
tory of England," vol. v. p. IC). This has, 
however, been questioned by others, who say 
that it would be dilHcult t<} show an instance 
in which a pardon was granteii in favour of 
a person who was not at least strongly 
suspected, or who had not purchased it at 
the expense of his accomplices (Nicolas's 
' History of the Battle of Agincourt,' second 
edition, p. 45 and note). 

Although pardons were undoubtedly par- 
chased in many instances, ihey were at 
timas granted wrIihk- ' ' i- ; but 

such were not ahv , hut 

„„...„,.. .,...:.....;.,.,.. . ,, ,^ 

i' 1 . 

M,,.,, ..„. _:, 

treason, tii l 

time was 
tore<i " ; Vn: 

tcnro \v;i.\ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lO'^s.ii. jci.y».iooi, 

On woril being brouglit to liitn of this 
exteiibiou of tlie king's mercy lie ia reported 
to have exclaiined : "God forbid the king 
mIiouH use any more such to any of my 
friends, and God liless all my posterity from 
such pardons I " (J. A. Manning's 'The 
Speakers of the House of Commons,' 16S1, 
p. 171.) 

A veryusualcaseforthegrantingof apardon 
in Tudor times was for violation of an Act 
of Parliament, or as a dispensation from 
obe<Jience to a Ktatuto (Dicey, 'The Law 
of the Constitution,' p. 61), and instances 
abound, as they do' ali^o of ojlicials who had 
committed some technical irregularity in the 
discharge of their ollice, or thought they bad 
done so. 

Asa general assertion it is tr<u' t.i -inv that 
the sovereign roiiy jiardon ail uiV iust 

the Crown or the public, but th^ nt. is 

subject to the exception that, by the kialM.>as 
Corpus Act (31 Car. 11., c. 2), to commit a 
man to prison out of the realm is an oU'euce 
unpardonable by tiie king. A restriction 
also exists as to pleading a pardoti in the 
of Parliamentary imiieachinents, the Act of 
Settlement (12 & 13 Will. 111., c. 2) enacting 
that " no pardon under the Great Seal of 
England shall be pleadable to an impeach- 
ment by the Commons in Parliament" (cf. 
Itcg. V. Boyes, 1 B. i Smith. 311). altiiough 
from a date as early as the fiftieth year of 
Edward III. it was acknowledged by the 
Commons and asserted by the .sovereign that 
there was vested in the latter the prerogative 
to pardon delinquents couvictetJ in im[)each- 
ments (see itot. Pari. 50 Ed. 111., n. 188, 
quoted in Steph. 'Com.,' vol. iv. ch. xxi.). 

In tlie time of King .John the following 
may be taken as a form of pardon : — 

" Know ye, that for thi> lovennd ajion the jietitton 
of our Iwluverl nnil fuitliful A. B., we have |uir<l<iiii.<(l. 
as much a!< in us lies, L'. I>. fur iiuviog (cofiiniitted a 
ocrtniii crime). We therefore iiifonn you tliu! )\u 
ia m our tinn lie.iee, and in testimony I hereof we 
have caused these Ixitters Talent tube mode fur him. 
\Vitne»»," &i.'. 

A modern form of pardon io much longer ; 
an example may be xeen in tho report Ileg. i'. 
Boyes (1 B. & Smith, 311). 

A recent decision shows that the royal pre- 
rogative may be dolegated, and tho power of 
granting a pardon vestwl in the governor of 
a colony, who <vu» exercise tlio power duritiK 
hi^ ('•■""■• ■'( ■■<';•■■ !•■. long as tliocomuiisttion 
api as nothing to restrict 

hi- ' '"•" of the prerogative 

(111 leference from the 

B«! A.(\. 138). 

1 III iihi-i .M-cs on the 

Pall : II- 4ii>i, In 111- fuuud on 

the Close Rolls, as well as among the Privy 
Seal Warrants and the Signet Bills ; and the 
is also a series of Pardon Holls from 22 Ed. 
to 2 .Jac. 1. Among ti>e .State Papers there arei 
too. many sign manuals for grants of pardona 
(Jac. I., Car. I.). All these are preserved at 
the Public Record Ottice. 

H. W. Underdown. 


Has any attempt been made to illustrate] 
the history of proverbs by a systematic study 
of tho stores of what may be termed colhn^uiul 1 
literature, which are constantly in theie time^ ] 
being increased by such publications as the 
reports of the Historical Manuscripts Com- 
mission f The student of this interesting 
social and literary will fitid in tbo j 
Cecil !MSS. alone, so far as they have as yet 
been made available, a striking ci'op of such, 
some of which may be given in illustration : 
" Prevention ia tho daughter of intelligence." I 
" Hatred are the cinders of aflfection." Both ' 
these appear in a letter of 10 May, l.V.)3. from 
Sir Walter Kaleigh to Sir Robert Cecil ; 
while on 7 August of the same year Sir] 
Henry Cocke, writing to Cecil, made this ' 
contribution to the history of proverbs : — 

"Queen Klizulieth, KinK Kdward IV.Bwife, fn I 
the Sunctuary, eaid uf Kini; Kiehanl III., when (by j 
the (Jurdinal) he required the Duke of S'ork. hor I 
seeond son, that 'the desire of a kingdom hud noj 
pity' '- 

a scene, by the way, which Shakspera aeetaa j 
to promise, but does not give. 

A foreiKii proverb is supplied in a letter] 
from Sir Thoma.s Challoner to the Earl of) 
Essex from Florence, 24 January, 1696/7." 
"Tho coiuraou proverb is in every roan's j 
mouth, Oiitnr inaiuiii a>i //iA/janin ; ontHc ( 
hi/imni n't A<[uilime.'' And an ancient saying 
is revived in one from Sir John Holies to th»] 
Lord Treasurer Burghley of 2.') June, I.')£»7, 
defending himself from the imputation of 
having sprung from trade, others having done 
the like : " Tliese many answer with Iphi- 
crates, 'Let them who aro noble from tho 
beginning reprove others' unnobleness.'" An \ 
obviously English saw ia that of Sir George 
Carew. when writitig to Sir Robert Cecil 
from "alj<iard the St. Matthew, St. Helen's 
Point, 1(» September. lo97":— 

" Mynelf would have hoeu my measenRBr, but 

I httve ninny nu" ■ '> — ' ■ i nccounl for, 

und in harliour ' iiri-it " ; 

while an unditi. . ^ualil Douglas 

of tho same period notes that " there is a 
proverb that say.s, the bar^nin i. ill pnmifr 
where neither of the pai ip." 

Sir Edward Hoby, on 1 1 (7. 


k8.u.jn.v9.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


appeals to Cecil, "I beseech yon not to blame 

me if 1 be desirous to strike while the iron is 

.hot"; and on the following 9 November 

ILord Dunsany remindH the same statesman 

rthat " with empty hands a man may lure no 

Two familiar friends are to be found in a 
tcoramunicati(m of 27 April, 1598, from John 
VVdale to the Earl of Kssex : — 

"The Kitii; [.lames VI. of Scotland], u it is 
Isaid. is at a stand whether to cherish a bird in the 
Ihand or two in the wood " ; 
land of another person, "he hath two strings 
to his bow." Udale was evidently a proverb- 
lover, for to the same correspondent he 
' wrote on the following 15 May, reminding 
Jilssex of iiis own phrase, "that an opportunity 
■well taken is the only weapon of aflvantage" ; 
and having in the earlier letter used the 
illustration, "this is a practice underhand : 
la fowl to match his sound with my Lord 
[Treasurer's mes[h]" (^jess), he now writes, 
]"1 have been more [?less] busy than the bee, 
ret not so idle as the drone." And in a 
_Btter to Queen Elizabeth in the same year 
|lie proves himself a fantastic phrase-maker, 
phile in 'A Description of the State and 
tOovernraent, together with the Land as it 
llieth, in and upon the West Marches of 
iKiigland,' he quotes an old Border phrase, 
I'Ty gownes fy, shame gownes shame," as 
IveU as tlie proverb, " When the 8tee<l is 
(stolen, steek the stable door." All his letters, 
■indeed, deserve study from this point of 
'view, for, if he has not an English proverb 
to hand, he is ready with "an Italian phrase, 
.parole ntm jvi'iann debitt." 

Essex himself is to be found using on 

r4 January, l.''f»B'9, the striking phrase in a 

letter to Lord Willoughby, "Reasons are not 

like garments, the worse for the wearing"; 

and three days later Sir Thomas Egerton, 

the Lord Keeper, wrote to Essex, "The cure 

Lof dangerous distrusts is to flee ci(ri d proi'ul 

land return tarde." The queen on 13 August, 

I1A99, commissioned Thomas Windebank to 

Iwrite to Cecil "that there should not be 

|too much taken out of an empty purse, for 

therein was no charity." Cecil was further 

{informed in the same month by the Earl of 

[Nottingham that "a house is .s(X)ner broken 

[down tlian builded," and that " one fair day 

ibreeds not opinion that it will bo never foul 

(■weather again.' Lord Henry Howard, in a 

[contemporaneous lett«r to the Earl of Soutli- 

(ampton, likewise was in the proverb-quoting 

Iveiu. "They are rather to be pitied than 

complained of, as a wise man says,** and 

'' Showers lay great winds, and choler purged 

lleaveo the veins more temperate," are two of 

his samples. And just at the same time Sir 
Edward Coke was writing to Cecil of "croco- 
dile's tears," while Sir Anthony Standen was 
telling a friend that " You may stretch my 
lovo to your pleasure like an Oxford glove." 

These are only samples from the voluminous- 
sack supplied by the Historical Manu- 
scripts Commission ; and they suggest that 
there would be a very fruitful result frotu 
a systematic search. Alprkd F. Uodbiks. 


In a foot-note to Aphorism XII., one of 
those which are introductory to his 'Aids to 
Reflection,' Coleridge writes as follows : — 

" In a laiieuage like ours, so many words of which 
are deriveu from other Ittn^naKes, there are few 
modes of instruction more iibeful or more amusing 
than that of accustoming young people to seek for 
the etymology, or the jirimary meanini;of the words 
they use. There are coses, in which more knowledge 
of more value may be conveyed by the history of^a 
word than by the history of a campaign." 

The particular word' which led to these 
remarks is mhtlance, whose derivation from- 
Quod slat subtus, if useful to know, can 
scarcely be said to afibrd amusement to 
people either young or old, and is eclipsed 
in interest by the dramatic opening of tho 
momentous war now raging. It does not 
njjpear that Coleridge has given us an 
example, fully worked out, of one of those 
words which are so full of historical value. We 
nee<l not, perhaps, regret the omission, for 
when ho mentions subslunre it is not unlikely 
that he was reminded of the famous con- 
troversy in the fourth century between the 
Hoinoiousians and tho Hoinoousians, on which 
he could have inonologizwl from hix>ting owl 
to singing lark. But if ho did not tell us the 
story wliich is enshrined in someone vocable, he 
has condemned the use of another with whose 
origin and meaning he seems to have been 
unacquainted. On 8 July, in the year 18.32, 
he is reported to have spoken as follows : — 

" I regret to see that vile and barbarous vocable 
taifHtrJ, stealing out of tlie newspaitera into tho 
leading reviews and more respectable publications 
of the day. Why not -hilliituoJ, fan h iiij/tJ, Itn- 
priteal, itc.''. The forniaiion of a jiarticitile passive 
from a noun is a licence that nothing but a very 
peculiar felicity can excuse. If mere conveiiicncr- is 
to justify such attemptsupon tho idioii' 't. 

sto]) till the language becomes, in the i i o 

of the word, corrupt. Mo!>t •■' ''——■ • 
come from America.'" — ' i 
Taylor Coleridge,' Routledgr 

There is much in these ran 
which seems unworthy of tl 
"surprising to hear,' if I < 
expression sq oiWa. x«v«».\.v 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo* s. ii. jim 9. jwi. 

name in a famous trial. Whea he terms the 
■word prefixed to tliis note a " vile and bar- 
barous vocable," and connects " talent " with 
English coins, one cannot help thinking that 
his listener has very imperfectly reported 
what was said on that particular occasion. 
He was no Boswell, as any one knows who 
has read the volume from wliich I have 
quoted. Surely Coleridge must have added 
some remarks about the origin of the expres- 
sion whicli he condemns, and of whicn he 
could scarcely lie ignorant. We have had 
no parable of 'The Shillings.' or 'The Far- 
things,' or ' The Tenpence-s,' delivered to us, 
but more than eighteen hundred years ago 
the parable of ' The Talents ' was spoken 
far away from our island, and is recorued in 
St. Matthew's C!o8|-jel, ch. xxv. 14-30. By 
•constant repi'tition during this long lapse of 
time from innumerable pulpits throughout 

commercial eoniititucnciee, if llie woi<i cbiiDtitiioncr 
were a<iniiuil>le. • I nni ^laH y<>u jiut tliot in,' wid 
her Indyshiii. ' 1 was iiul goitiR to give it you. It 
is an odious word. Vh«D thern ia rritru'itt, »n«l 
iiil(u'jiliti/f ur, ' •' ; ' ' ' ' bro&lc 

Sheridan of to \t6 

wrong.' \\t ii,i it« 

biitory. I said ihalil Iwd tirhi ai.i>caicd in theo 
loKical writing, lliatil wa* a nictftjilior tuten tmni 

the parable in the New T • ' ' - .1| 

Kra<lu»lly luwscd fnmi ft 

into common use. Ichai ,yT 

oloiiical writer on (jeiieml iuLjecu Moia the 
Rettoralion.* or even Iwfore the year ITUfl. I l>c- 
lieve that 1 iiiiRht nafely have BOne down later.^j 
She leeinod iiuri>i'iaed by this theory, never bavine 
so faros I could judge, heard of the |>arahle of liia 
talents. I did not tell her, though I might havfl 
done so, that a jierson who jirofessoa to be a uritia 
in the delicaciei of the English language ought "" 
have tlie Hible at his fingers' emln. ' 

And then he oddly adds :— 
" .She is certainly a woman of considerable talents 

all Christian lands, the word "talent" has an<J great literary acquirement*."-' Life and Letter* 
aost its original meaning of a sum of money, "' ''°'"* >J«'-'»<'l»y.' l-opular edit., i.,.. i,-50.l. 

and come to signify some special aptitude or 
faculty granted to juen who have not been 
endowed with genius. This distinction was 
so happily expressed in a poem written by 
•Owen Meredith (the second Lord Lytton). 

If Lady Holland had turned to Johnson'c. 
' Dictionary ' she would have seen under the 
word 'Talent' what follow>i ; "Faculty; 
power; gift of nature. A metaphor bor-' 
rowed from the talents mentiouerl in the' 

and printed in one of the early numbers of i 'loly writ," and would also have found 

the (JonJiiU Mngazint, that I have never 
forgotten this couplet : — 

Talk not of genius batlled ; genias is master of man ; 
'Geuiui doea what it must, talent does what it can. 

The ministry of "All the Talents" in Cole- 
ridge's early manhood (180C) was, as its nick- 
name implies, conspicuous for its want of a 
man of genius, and therefore did what it 
could, which was very little. Had there been 
one at the head of it who was posseH.sed of 
■that supreme gift which, as Coleridge else- 
where says, " must have talent as its comple- 
raent and implement, because the higher 
intellectual powers can only act through a 
corresponding energy of the lower," the his- 
tory of that administration might have been 

The use of the word " talent," a.s the 
equivalent of intellectual ability, being thus 
clearly deduced from the parable in the New 

examples of its use by Clarendon and 
Dryden, which would have disproved the 
too-confident assertion of her guest. We 
must, however, remember that this letter! 
was written without any thought of publica- 

In another, addres.sed to ilacvey Napier, j 
then editor of the Kdmhur'jk Revitw, who 
had criticizeti some of the words employed 
in his article on Fre<leric the Great, and, 
apparently, the one at tlie head of this note, 
which, however, does not appear in the 
corrected edition of the ' Essays,' Macaulay 
writes on 18 April, 1842 : '-Such a word a« 
'talented' it is proper to avoid: first, be- 
cause it is not wanted ; secondly, because 
you never hear it from those who speak vtry 
good English " (p. 41G>. Verily, if they who 
speak ijitud English employ it, I do not see 
why it should be banned and banished from 
m ■ ,. .,- I . 1 . '■'■e language ; and I think it is wanted, and 

Testament we can easily understand how u^ .-ejection would be "a mere throwing 
talented came into existence, hap- away of power," for what the same author 

■pened long before the time of Coleridge, who 
was, moreover, forestalled in his condemna- 
tion, as we learn from a letter written by 
Macaulajr to his si.ster on .30 May, 1831. ''In 
the drawing-room, " he says, 

" I had a long tsllt with Lady Holland about the 
Aatt<|iiitie8 ol ibc house, and about the purity of the 
-English languHge, wherein the tbinkfi herself a critic. 
I liapiiened, in »1 leaking aluut the Iteforiu liill, to say 
that I wiaheil that it had been poaaible to form a few 

• "All the circunistancea were ex.imined and 
sounded to the bottom by one of the greatest anil 
most knowing kings of his time, viz.. King James 
of England : who had a parlicului' talent and niar- 
vailous sagacity to disousse natural things, and 
penetrate them to the very nmirow."--'()f tliu 
.Sympatbclick Powder. A Uiacnurse in a ^^oIenlTl 
Assembly at Montjiellier. Made in Frciich by Sir 
Kenelm Uigby, Knight, ICT?. Li>ndon. I'riuled for 
John Williams, lOtfJ. 


io"'8.ii.JrLyo.i9w.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 



says about another vocable may be said of 
this ; it is 

•' a word wliioh is apiirojiriate to a particular idea, 
whieli everybody, liigli und low, uses to express that 
idea, and which expresses that idea with a coiii- 
]ilet«iieBi which is not eijualled by any other ainsle 
word, and scarcely by any circuniloculion." 

Froiu these extracta one luight be led to the 
conclusiun that " talented " came into exist- 
ence during the first half of the last century 
and that its birthplace was America. But 
that cannot be, since we find Archbishop 
Abbot writing in this fashion of the Duke of 
Buckingham in 1627 :— 

" What It miserable and reatleta tiling ambition 
is ! When one talented, but as a common person ; 
vet by the favour of his Prince, hath t,'i)ttun that 
Interest, that, in a sort, all the keys of iMigland 
hung at his Kirdlc,"',tc.—' Stuart Tracts,' p. a;JO, in 
the new edition of 'An English (jarner,' Conslable 
t Co., 1903. 

Now the archbishop, who was the author 
of various bftoks, had also a share in the 
translation of the New Testament, and may 
tiiereforo be regarded as no mean authority. 
Though this is tlie only instance of the 
employment of the word "in the seventeenth 
century that I can produce, lam unwilling to 
believe it is a /tip'i.v lerinmenmi at that period, 
and feel sure that it was usetl by other writers 
in whose works examples will bo found. 

When Coleridge calls " talented " " a vile 

and barbarous vooable,"one does uotaccept his 

dictum ; neitlier is one disposed to agree with 

Macaulay, w ho thinks it is not wanted. If 

we b(;ar in mind its history and employ it in 

the sense now everywhere attached to it, it 

•eems an excellent expression and an acquisi- 

[tion to tlie language, inasmuch as it has 

'no complete equivalent, for ;/i/Ud, which 

is the nearest, was, as Johnson tells 

jU«, "commonly used ironically." It is, 

Bsides, i)erfectly legitimate in its formation 

an adjective. Coleridge apparently 

evedthat every word ending in frf was 

irticiplo passive ; but how can that l>e 

fhea we have such words as ;ii'arled, tuthed, 

•Kf/fjed, wicked, n-retehcd, whicli prove that ed 

1 also an adjectival termination? For the 

ime reason he might have denied that (•'iiren, 

nidden, sullen, were adjectives, because we 

have such participles passive as/a//r«. graven, 

ri*en. Perhaps Coleriilge got this idea from 

liis friend Sir John Stotfdart. who, when 

^hief Justice of Malta, receiveci tlie poet as 

his guest in ln04, wiilia ho|Je that the change 

slight improve his health, injured by opium- 

Tating. At all events, the worthy knight 

endeavours to uiihold the same opinion in 

opposition to '" tne rule laid down by some 

"inters that there can be no participles but 

what are derived from verbs" (' Philosophv 
of Language,' second edit., p. 1U5). With 
these grammarians, notwithstanding "the 
principles of Universal Grammar," to which 
sir Jolin appeals, I shall still regard all such 
word8as(/<i,'/.7r;'«(i(Coleridge),wto«r7frf (Bacon), 
miitdic/iioed, neclartd (Milton), peUicvuttd, 
"(iK'(;i-cfe<i Seraphim'' (Milton), and a host of 
others, as adjectives, for the simple but sufii- 
cient reason that they cannot be parts of 
verbs which have no existence. This rule, 
founded, one would fancy, on common sense, 
is strictly observed in the sixth edition of 
Johnson's ' Dictionary ' (1765) and in Cham- 
bers's ' Twentieth Century Dictionary ' (190 H, 
both of which admirable works I have usea, 
among others, in drawing up tiiis paper, in 
which I trust I havo shown that " talented " 
is a regularly formed adjective, and a useful 
addition to our vocabulary. I should Ije a,s 
little inclined to make Coleridge my leader 
in language as in nhilosophy, when tie him- 
.self was, to use Lord Jeffrey's jthrase, " march- 
ing under the guidance of the Pillar of Smoke." 
John T. CruKV. 
[Surely the objection to words such aa " talented," 
"gifted,'' is maintainable. At any rate 
soually sympathize with Coleridge.] 

rate, we per- 

AiN.'j'n'.— The Ainsty of York has been 
written of aforetime in 'N. «S: Q.' I have 
notes of references to it 7"' S. x. 68, 194, 312, 
."182 ; 8"' S. i. .352, 38.3, 442 ; and the late Canon 
Isaac Taylor's fancy that Ainsty signified 
"own enclosure" commended itself to my 
probably too-easily-pleased understanding, 
t^uite recently a novel theory regarding the 
origin of the name was advanced^- the Uev. 
J. SoUoway, B.I)., in a paper on ' 'The Monks 
of Marmoutier' read Ijeiore the Yorkshire 
Philosophical Society, and printed in the 
Annual Heport for 1903. Perhaps some of 
the readers of ' N. it Q.' who were before 
interested in the etymological value of Ainsty 
may be glad to have their attention drawn 
to the latest guess, which I will here record 
in the hope that its reasonableness may be 
discussed. " West of the city of York," said 
Mr. SoUoway, 
" was a richly endowed House of Canons called 

Christ's Church: later on the district wa» 

known by Ihim niinie, Clirist's Church, under another 
form. Tne Runil Deanery was called the ' Deanery 
of Christianity.' It was, and Is still, a_ well- 
known name for rural deaneries. Lincoln City is 
now in a ' Deanery of Christianity,' I.«iec3ter also 
is in a deanery of the same u.ime, and the B, 
Deanery of Exeter is also called the l>e»uery of 
Christianity. Now to sum up: In IVmie^diiy the 
distrii-t lying to the west of ■ 
Christ's Church ; later on it wa 
tianity ; novi \\, '\i> «BJ\*i VV* K,.— , 


NOTES AND QUERIES. (lo"- s. u. jcly 9. loot 

the UeRnery firsl ualled the Ainsty? Nobody 
knows. And when did it cease to be called llie 
Deanery of C'lnialiunily * Aijaiii, noboily knows. 

"My coMteiitioii is ihie : tiial the word Ainsly 
is a contraction of tlie word Christianity ; that for 
a long time ' Ainaty ' wa-i the popular, the collo<)uial 
name of llie Deanery, and the longer word the one 
that wan used in legal and other formal docunienta; 
and that at some time or other the lonR name has 
' ' een dropped, and the shorter one liecotne the 
BHimonly recognized name. When I wrote a short 
Krlicle a coujile of years ago on this matter, I 
■URgested that 'Christianity' wonld probably be 
written Xanity ; since then I have come across a 
confirmation of t his conjecture in the parish records 
of S. Martins, (.'oney .Slrect, the rural dean there 
Bigning himself as ' Dean of Xanity.' 

" The word Christianity is one easily pronounced, 
but it is a long one to write, and if you will write 
it you will see that there was some justitication 
for the Dean and other people abbreviating it in 
writing: and 1 l>clieve that 'Ainsty' is simply the 
latter jiart of the word Christianity, the Greek X 
beiiiK left out. In Linfoln, Ijeicester, and Kxeter, 
tl; ■■" ill ; in York it [.mV] 

{' 1 1 disappeared no 

<H n-', and it seeins to 

me tjiat Uiu ecclesiastical district lying to the west 
of York is a Deanery with a legaUy-rccognized 
uicknanie. " 

I cannot say that I share Mr. Solloway's 
belief. It is hardly likely tliat ecclesiastics 
who abbreviated the word Christianity when 
they wrote would do so when tlioy talked, 
and if they did not, laymen, who are not 
usually very glib about rural deaneries, were 
hardly likely to introfluce such a form as 
Ainsty, and to gain for it eontenU'd accept- 
ance on the part of all who spoke or all who 
penned. Even if the name of the deanery 
Iiad been lost, and been recovered only in 
manuscript as " Xanity," I do not think that 
Ainsty would have resuited. 

St. Swithin. 

Tybcrn.— I find that there have been at 
various times discussions in the columns of 
' X. it C^.' as to the site of the famous gallows 
— discussions which seem to have left the(jues- 
tion unsettled. I do not find that any one 
of your former corresjiondents tiiought of 
referring to maps. It is true that most of 
the maps published while Tyburn wa« the 
place of execution fall short of the locality. 
But llocque's map of 17-10 has a very clear 
representation of the gallows. It is shown 
in perspective as a three-sided structure, with 
the word "Tiburn' under it. It is in the 
middle of the space former! by the junction 
of what are now Oxford Street and Edgware 
Koad. The angle at tho nortli-west comer 
of the roads is rouiide«1 as we see it to-day. 
Following the curve, behind the gallows, is 
'town in plan what niay be either a shed or 
Just within Hyde I'ark, a little to 

the east of Tyburn, is marked a place " where 
soldiers are shot." In a map of IT.'iO, engrave<J 
by R. VV. Seale, Tyburn occupies exactly the 
same position as in Rocque's map. 

In Rocque's map Tyburn turnpike is shown 
at the corner of Park Lane, then oalhvi 
Tyburn Lane. In later maps tiie turnpike is 
shown in anew position, correctly indi'""'-' 
by the iron monument still /// aiIh, be 
on it the words, "Here stood Tyburn i ..,.., 
1829." From Horwood's large map it appears 
that the house belonging to the new turnpike 
must have occupied nearly the old site ot the 
gallow.s. Au'RED Makk.s. 

Dialect : " Chunneuin'." — The enclosed 
paragraph from the 7ri»/i Titiua of 4 June 
seems worth noting in the pages of 

' N. .k q: :- 

" It is suggested that a dialect dictionary should 
be added to the library in connexion with the 
Liverjiool Law Courts. The other day .Mr. Justice 
Jelf, counsel, and jury were confounded by a wtiuess 
who declared that when he asked » <|ucstiun of a 
Jiarly to the case, that party started " chiiMiierin'.' 
This, it turned out, (vaa the L»ncashii>' u..iil f.-.r 
mumbling— otherwise evasion. 1'he nc 
precise delinilion of such dialect words ' 
arises, and a dictionary would, it is felt, coiiio m 

Herbkrt B. C'laytox. 

39, Renfrew Road, Lower Kennington Lane. 

[Dr. Joseph VS'right will, no doubt, be happv to 
supply, " for a consideration," the ' English Dialect 
Dicliouary ' to all the courts of Kngland.] 

"It's a very oood world that we live 
IN." (See 1" S. ii. 71, 102, 156 ; 3"' S. i. 308 ; 
V. 114 ; 4"> S. i. 400 ; xii. 8 ; C"* S. L 77. 127. 
16C. 227, 2C7 ; ii. 10, 79 ; 8"' S. x. 4(i.)— It 
may interest readers of ' N. it Q.' to know 
that in an auction of old pottery and porcelain 
at Sotheby's rooms, on 10 ilay last, forming 
part of lot 140, was "a Sunderland jug, with^ 
ship and verses,'' of pink lustre- ware i>otter^ "^ 
(early nineteenth century), and hokiing 
least two quarts, one of such verses thereon 
being the following epigram (diU'eriug souio- 
what from other versions) : — 

This world is a good one to live in. 
To lend, to spend, to buy, or give in. 
Hut to beg, borrow, or get a niiina own, 
It is sucli a world um never w ui known. 

I may a<Id that aliout 1S22 the "Little 
Hermitage" at (Jiwi's Hill, which wam rofr-nr-d 
to in several of tlie above conimu 
and through whicli the epigram be' .i 

known, was inhabited by iir. David l»ay. 

W. L K. V. 

Bee StJi'KKnTiTiON.s. — The maiiy supersti- 
tioim formerly connected with bees aniJ bee- 
keeping have been plenlifnlly referred to by 



nil writers on folk-lore. It ix. however, sur- 
pri-iiug to find in tlie present cJuy liow preva- 
ent are tlie old idoas, at least in rural partH. 
'. jjarticularly well-e<iucated woman in Hamp- 
shire, residing not far from Winchester, tells 
me that «he hon absolute belief in the 
necessity of informing tlie bees should their 
master die, and the good lady (she is certainly 
not forty -five years of age, and the wife of a 
village grocer) quotes an instance of a next- 
door neighbour who, neglecting to carry out 
the usual formula, was rewarded by the aeath 
of all her bees. 

Another belief is that no swann of bees 
over which there has been any contention 
in possibly V)enefit either party. It is also 
jnsidered fatal to successful bee-keeping for 
be wife of the owner to experience any fear 
of, or dislike for, the bees. My informant, 
speaking from personal experience, states 
tliat when first married (about eighteen years 
*go) she openly expresse<l her antipathy for 
the busy occupants of the hive, and until she 
endeavoured to cultivate a more friendly 
disposition, she assures me, her husband had 
"sveral years of bad honey and poor results. 

P. C. D. M. 

I Vaccisation and Inoculation. (See 8"' S. 
pi. 37".)— In referring to this note by 

_ S. A. I find it contains a query which 
apparently has not yet been an.swered. The 
" inoculating substance usetl before the dis- 
Bvery of vaccine matter" was smallpox 
natter. This method of preventing (by 
i^nticipation) smalljjox, which Dr. JoTinson 
declared saved more lives than war destroved, 

f^wa* made illegal in 1840. E. G. li. 


Wk niust re<|iieiit corre^ixindetits ilcJiiriDK in- 
formittioii on fmirily iiniii^rs of only privalo iiiU;re«t 
to&tiix their ii&nies ami KldrcMea to llicir queries, 
in onler that the kuawers may be addressed to them 

Wolfe and Gray's ' Elegy.'— May I appeal 
to you for fresh light on the subject of milfe 
and Gray's 'EloKy'l Several papers are 
accusing lue of being a wilful iconoclast in 
iny book, 'The Fight for Cana<la"; whilst, as 
a matter of fact, I am doing my best to 
authenticate the story. Mr. A. G. Doughty, 
the now Archivist of Canada, has alreaciy 
begun special research, and writes to nie that 
he is hopeful of clearing up the whole ques- 
tion. Probably there are many of your 
readers who are more conversant with the 
subject than I am. It was only an incidental 
touch in my book ; but I wa« very loth to 

leave out anything that was so picturesque, 
and that seems so probable. 

Heferencea: (1) The letter from Scott to 
Sou they, as given by Mr. Birrell in the Timtt 
of 27 May. 

(2) ' Horace Walpole's Memoirs,' i. 21. 

(3) 'The Siege of Quebec,' ic, A. Q. 
Doughty, iii. 31. foot-note. What is the 
' Sketch of Wolfe's Life ' referred to hero ! 

(4) 'A I'amplilet of 1761 ' mentioning the 
fact. What is this pamphlet I 

(5) Prof. !•:. E. Morris in the English HU- 
lofical Itevitii' for .lanuary, 1£X)0. 

((i) ' The Fight for Canada,' note on p. 320. 
1 hope to see this famous story brought 
back to history in an unchallengeable form. 
William Wood. Major. 
8th Uoyal Uitles, Canadian Militia. 
59. Grande All^, Quebec. 

Roberto Valentine. — I am anxious to 
ascertain whether a copy of the following 
work by tiiis little-known English composer 
exists in aiw library : " Yiolone o Arceieuto 
I Sonate a "Tre j doi Violini. o' Arceieuto, col 
Basso per I' Organo | Da Koborto Valentine, 
Inglesfi I Opera Prima | Homu, 1707." There 
is no copy at tlie British Museum, nor is it 
to be fouiid in any of the public libraries at 
liome. I wish to rescue from oblivion this 
English composition, but of the copy I possess 
one of the parts is missing. A. F. Hill. 
140, Now IJond Street, W. 

A Royal Cab veil— On a tombstone in 
Sandon Churchyard, at the end of a long 
inscription, appears the following : — 

"And Likewiso will Lye here interr'd the 
Kemains of .lunieH Kiclmiila Citi/en of London h. 
Carver to \\\* Majesty KiiiR (Jeoigo the !•' U bis 
Majesty King (ieorjio the 2^ Likewise to his Royal 
hiennesii Fredrick I'rince of Wales .September iJ3' 
175S And Carver in tJencrall The saiil James 
Richards Died Dec II"' 11'^) .\ged Wi Years." 
The old man must have been very proud of 
his position at Court, for he evidently had 
the inscription a<ided to the rest on the tomb 
dui'ing his lifetime, the date of his death 
being added afterwards. Can any one tell 
lue anything about this carvership— what 
emoluments were atteLche<l to it, ic ( 

Benjamin Weigut. 

Sandou Rectory, Chelmsford. 

Lord RoTinvELL-In the 'Lincoln's Inn 
Itecoids.' ii. 400, there appears an agreement, 
dated 10 June, lfi57, relating to the laying 
out of Lincoln's Inn Fields Rn(i the preven- 
tion of any future building thereon, except 
as thereby authorized ; and u plan of the 
locality, which was attached to the agrees 
mentjliaa been repixidticc*! ie» ■». Vil^'»>->»V***' 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. Jn-v o. im. 

to the volume in question. On this plan is 
shown a large hou»e with five gables just 
north of where the Soane Muneuiti now 
stands, and above it is written "Yo Lo. 
Bothwell's house." Can anylxidy kindly say 
who thi>i nobleman was? No such title 
appears in any of the usual lists of peera;ies, 
existing, dormant, or extinct, so far as 1 am 
aware, nor have I succeeded in finding any 
reference to him elsewhere. 

Alas Stewaht. 
7, New Square, Lincoln's Inn. 

[Burke's ' Dormant and Exlinnt Peerages,' 18.S3, 
gives four crehtions of this title, viz., .Sir .lohn 
Runiiiay, USo; turfeilud, 14,'«; }'atriok Heiihurii, 
third Lord HaleH, .reattfil Earl of Itothwell, 1488, 
the fourth aud \&s>l curl of this line beint; the ill- 
fated husband of Mary, (Jiieen of .Scots; Francis 
Stewart, created l>y James \'l. in liWV, hut after- 
wards attainted : and .Arehibahl DuUKlas, created 
Kurl of Diniund, Lord Hoihwell and Hartside, in 
lliDi, durinu the lifetime of his father, the tirst 
Marguese of Douglas.] 

English CAUmSALa' Hats : their Destiny. 
—When I visited tlie new llotuan Catholic 
cathedra! in Westminster recently, the cour- 
t.eous official who accompanied me round the 
church pointed out Cardinal Vaughan's hat 
denending liigh in mid-air on the left-hand 
side, near to, but outside, the chancel, and 
stated that it would hang there until in time 
it became dust, this being the usage with 
regard to all cardinals' hats, as the hat is 
the symbol of the rank with which they are 
invested. He said tlie liats of Cartiinal 
Manning and Cardinal Xewuiau had like- 
wise been hung in the churches that served 
as pro-cathedrals. I>> this an English custom, 
or universal 1 Wiluam George BLAtK. 

" Br.MrEU.'— In an old newspaper dated 
1^21 I lead thefollowing paragraph : "When 
the English were good Catholics they usually 
drank the Pope's liealth in a full glass after 
dinner — An don I'cre— whence your bumper." 
All the dictionaries giye the derivation from 
" l>ombttrd." Is there any truth in the above 
paragraph, as a derivation ? 

A. H. Arkle. 

[This is one of those conjeetures which are 
treatetl by iihilologists with derision. The ' X.K.D.' 
derives the word conjocturally from "Ijiim^i," with 
notion of a bumping or thumiiing glass. J 

Bi'TOHKR Hall Street.— It has been oft- 
times my intention to crave the aid of your 
friendly columns in tieploring the frequent 
changes from what I may call old-fa-nhioned 
street iiomenolalure— often of great topo- 
graphical value— whenever occasion arises 
from reconstruction of the thoroughfaro or 
otlierwise, to a modern level of loyal but other- 

wise uninteresting street names. I am gl 
to see, however, tfiat that mont progressive ol 
all public bodies— tlie London County Council 
— has taken a rauch-wislied-for turn in tho 
other direction, the opportunity anHiiig from 
the reconstruction ol a large portion of 
that great artery of trallic the Strand, by 
allixiug to the new thoroughfare a title more 
emblematic of its ancient history and assqcia- 
ti<ms. One shudders to think what might 
have been had the Clerk to that great Council 
been other than an antiquary and a folk- 
lorist ! 

In Mk. HcTLftmsos'a most interesting 
note on Lamb, Coleridge, and Mr. May, of 
the "Salutation and Cat." is a reference 
no" S. i. 02) to the "Angel " Tavern in Butcher 
HaJl Street, Newgate. If I remeiulier rightly, 
this street was some thirty years ago re- 
dubbed King Edward Street, or some simitar 
loyal or patriotic name. But it has always 
lingere<i in my raemnry that the old name of 
the street was not Butcher JJuU Street, but 
Butcher /Inil Street, a iiamo redolent of 
the old Newgate shambles across the way, 
and the blue-gowned butchers liurrying by, 
not of the feasting chamber where the mag- 
nates of the trade may have drowned their 
recollections of those ofttimes ghastly sights 
of the days gone by. 

I have no means of verifying Mb. HL'Tcniir- 
son's statement here, hence my appeal to him 
or other more fortunate readers of ' N. i (J.' 
to say whether or not ray memory has been 
playing me false. J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 

Antigua, W.L 

Ueukcca of 'IvANimE.' — (1) Who was the 
original of Rebecca I (-2) Does Scott anywhere 
allude to the lady from whom he draws the 
chai-acterl (."l) He was acquainted witli_ A 
family called Dickinson, which had a Jewish 
connexion, and from them Scott had a, 
bequest after the publication of ' Ivanhoe.' 
Does he allude to this in any of his published 
private papers ] Dominie Samtsos. 

[Must Rebecca necessarily have had an original*] 

"Get a wir.f.LE ns." — Has this new 
American expression, which 1 hoard in May 
last in New England, found loflgment here 
yet ? Its meaning, in connexion with an 
order, is "hustle 1" i.e., be quick ! 

R. Barclav-Allardice. 
Lostwithiel, Cornwall. 

[We hope and think not.] 

PiiiLLiiT« MSS. : Bk^ ■• .—Can 

any one say whore tho lion of 

letters and papers and minM .m.>.> connected 
with Feiubrokeshire and Carmarthenshire^ 


10* s. II. JrLY 9. 19M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Inch lielonged to Sir T. Phillipps, went? 
were diupyersed mostly in the eighteenth 

ntury and early part of the niiieteentli, 
and gave much chatty information in regard 
to the families of Barlow of Slebech and of 
the Syimnonses. A daughter of the laat- 
namerl (the famous Emma) married Sir W. 
Hamilton, and with her husband was buried, 
it isj said, at Slebech. 

Also, can the date and place of the marriage 
of Beatrice Barlow (daughter of Sir John 
Barlow, of Slebech), to Sir Antony Hudd, 
Bart., of Aberglasney, Carmarthenshire, be 
given ? Cymro. 

[The ' D.N.B.' says that Sir VVilliani Hamilton 
was buried at Milford Haven, and Emma at Calais.] 

Early Drama is Chesteu.— I cull the 
following curious paragraph from Dickson's 
DuI'lin Intelligence for 22 September, 1731 :— 
" We hear by Tnivellera from Cheater, that the 
YmiTiK Comediani who went hence last Soaaou 
ih ' " !i on the pi«|ilea8ure of the Gentry there, 
iie I>udiea whom they affronted by iiar- 
rii ... ..- their favour.i to the Iriah Men in their 
public bills." 

_ Are there any Chester records extant show- 
9g who these audacious young comedians 
rere? W. J. La whence. 


Waterton : Watton : TVatson. — Will 
some reader versed in heraldry oflfer some 
explanation or suggestion regarding the 
arras of these three families 1 

(ii) Tlie Watertons of Deeping Waterton 
(Lines) bear for arms, Barry of six erm. and 
gu., over all three crescents sa. (Burke's 
•^Landed Gentry,' 1898). 

(fi) A family named Watton {'Visitation 
of Essex, 1G12.' Harleian Society) bore, Barry 
of six arg. and gu., three crescents ermine. 

(c) The family of Watson, spelt Wattson 
in the pedigree ('Visitation of Kent, 1C19,' 
Harl.Soc.), bore, Barry of six, three crescenU 
^rm., two and one ; on a chief gu. two broken 
'Jting-spears in .naltire or. 
Does the similarity of arms prove that 
hese three families wei-e related to one 
fiother? Has tho name Waterton, through 
Watton, boon transformed into Watson I The 
lineage of the family of Waterton is given 
fully by Burke, and it is mentioned that Sir 
Robert Waterton, at the battle of Ascalon, 
1191, t(X)k three paynira standards, and that 
(ichard I. granted to him to Ijcar three 
escents sable an a fresh charge over his 
.in:*, harry of six. 

[With regard to th"? Watton<5. in the tsedi 
ee Thoii. 
iQueon i 

a son Thomas Watton, idiai Watson, of Lon- 
don, whose son is Williatn Watton, of London 
and Essex, his son Iwing .lohn Watton. There 
is much information in the records of 
Henry VIII., Edward VI., Mary, and Eliza- 
beth concerning William Watson, who waa 
Keeper of the Store of Ordnance in the 
Tower of London. His arms are given by 
Guillim (edition 1660) as being the same as 
those of the Kent Watsons (r). He had a son 
John Wat.son, who died at Rivenhall, in 
Essex, 30 Dec., 1.^83. 

It is possible that William and John 
Watson are the same persons as William and 
John Watton of family (b). 

Are similar arms a.saigued to families from 
likeness of name only, and not on account 
of relationship? 

Take the case of the families of Chapman 
(Per chevron arg. and gu., a crescent 
counterchanged). Variants of these arms 
are borne by no fewer than twenty-four 
families of Chapman mentioned in Burke's 
' Armory.' 

Can it be that all these families are con- 
nected by blooil with each other? Perhaps 
it may not he a jh'ojms, but it is interesting 
to note that Baldwin Wac or Wake bore 
Barry of six arg. and gu., three hurts in chief 
(Matt. Paris, 'Chron. Majora '). Of course 
barry of six is one of tho most common of 
parted coats ; still it is strange when the 
combination barry of six with three cres- 
cents appears in three families whose names 
are so much alik& 

Chki-stophek Watson. 
Cranfield, Worple Road, Wimbledon. 

Benbow.— Can any reader of ' N. & Q.' 
kindly give me any particulars about the 
descendants of Admiral John Benbow, born 
1650, died 1702, especially those tracing back 
to Richard, the third son of the admiral 1 I 
have the pedigree, but particulars as to dates, 
ibc, are iu some cases wanting. 

H. Stewart Benbow. 

4^1, Cjreen Lane, BirminRham. 

Lassa : Teavellees' Account.— Has Hue 
and Gal>et's narrative of their residence in 
Lassa, ci'rra 1843, been discredited 1 R. S. 

Larukst Private Hoise in Enouind. — 
From time to time the newspapers name 
some mansion as tho largest, the third largest^ 
ic, in Hnglaiid. In the Daily Chronicle cA 
29 March last Wentworth Woodhouse, Lord 
Fitzwillium'it place in Yorkshire, is said to 
l.n " r),.. I.|^'ge»t private house in England." 
dly no \ James Hooper. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no* «• it- Jft-r o. jwt. 

(10'* S. i. 388. 450.) 

Dr. Woodward, in 'A Treatise on Eccle- 
siastical Heraldry ' (8vo, 1894), says (p. 107) : 

"The mitre of S. Thomas, Archbisho)) of Canter- 
bury, formerly iu the Trea»ury of the Cathedral of 
SeoB, was presented by the Archbiahop of that See 
to Carcliual Wiseman. 'It is low and nnKular; 
composed of white Bilk, embroidered with Roldeii 
flowers and scrollwork, with a broad band of re<l 
ailk down the centre and round the margin.' This 
mitre is engraved in Ue (.'auniont, ' Abecedaire 
d'Archeologie,' and in VioUel-Ie-l)uc, ' Diotionuaire 
du Mobilier Frauvais.'" 

At p. 68 of the same work Dr. Woodward, 
quoting from Dr. Kock, refers to a mitre of 
ot. Thomas preserved at Bruges. 

There is a large coloure<l drawing of his 
mitre and his robes in vol. i. of Shaw's book 
on ' Dresses and Decorations of the Middle 

In 1538 Henry VUI. ordered his arras and 
name to be erased wherever it appeared ; but 
S. Newington Churcii, near lianbury, has 
a fresco of him (see Anti<juar>/, Nov., 1902, 
p. 324). On the subject oi. erasure see 
Gasquet, 'Henry VIll. and the English 
Monasteries,' vol. i. pp. 400-1. 

Id Karl. MS. 2900 there was an illumination 
representing his murder, but it has been 
obliteratetl according to command (see Cata- 
logue Harl. MSS.). 

In another MS. in tlie same collection 
(Harl. 5102) is a picture of his death. 'This 
is reproduced as a frontispiece to Dr. E. A. 
Abbott's 'St. Tiiomas of Canterbury, his 
Death and Miracles' (8vo, 1898). 

In the Bodleian Library, Oxford, is a MS. 
(Douce 24) containing at folio 141' a miniature 
representing a Beckot kneeling in prayer 
before an altar on which is a chalice. By his 
side stands an acolyte holding a cross on 
high ; behind him a soldier in chain-mail, 
with a sword in each hand, in the act of 
striking off a Deckel's hea<l. "This has 
escaped the commanded destruction. 

In Corpus Christi (Jollege, Cambridge, is a 
MS. of John of Salisbury's works which 
formerly belonged to a Becket (see Dr. 
Stokes's history of the college, published 
by Robinson, p. 192). 

In theMunimentUoom of Canterbury Cathe- 
dral are some seals, one of which appears to 
bo the earlier seal of Christ Church Priory. It 
had a well-executed relief of the martyrdom, 
impressed by a separate punch. When in 
1537 Henry VIII. began to show that to him 
the name of a Becket was odious, the Chapter, 

as a matter of policy, ceased to use thi* 
separate punch (see the G'lode, 18 Oct., 1902). 
The Common Sea! of the City of London 
Corporation formerly had on the reverse 

" in its base a view of the City surmounted by aa 

arch, and on the top -f -'i ' , •, ■ • . •' fv.oo 

or uhair of mate, a ii "t« 

with tigurea kneeling ■ uio- 

loy's ' Guide to Ciuildhall. 

But in 1539 (28 Sept.) there is an entry ia 
the Journal of the Corporation that the 
image of St. Thomas should, in accordance 
with the king's proclamation against images 
of him, be altered, and the City arms should 
take its place. 

In the Bodleian Library, Oxford, there are 
some seventeenth-century copies of his letters 
(see Summary Catalogue MS. 27,594). 

Mention of a reliquary of his apiHsars at 
pp. lCC-9 of Francis A. Knight's 'The Sea- 
l)oard of ilendip' (Dent Ji: Co., 19<i2). 

One of the statuette figures in the new 
reredos erected at Cheltenham Collejie as a 
memorial to old Cheltonians who fell in the 
South African War is of I'l Becket (see the 
Archilert, 22 April, p. 272, where there is an 
illustration of the reredos). 

In "La Vie de S. Thomas par C. du 

Cando" (St. Omer, 1615. -Ito), is a full-length 
portrait of a Becket kneeling at the altar. 

His arms appear to have been Argent, 
three Cornish choughs sable, beaked and 
legged gules. This may have been in allusion 
to his Christian name and patron saint (Dr. 
Woodward's 'Treatise on Eccl. Her.,' p. 432, 
ut siipra). 

Some account is given of bis shrine in 
Gasquet's 'Henry VIII. and the English 
Monasteries,' vol. ii. pp. 405 and 407-8, 
quoting 'The Relics of St. Thomas,' by the 
Rev. J. Morris, S..I. 

The same authority (vol. ii. p. 399) mentions' 
a crozier of silver, ornamented, calle<l Tlioraa* 
Beckett's staflf, and a note on p. 409 is aa 
follows : — 

" In the inventory (at Canterbury) made in 131 
the pastoral etaiTof .St. Thomas is thus described : 
• Item. Baculus Sancti Thoni.c de pyro, cum 
capite de nicro comu.' It was thus made of pear-' 
wiiiid, with a crook of black horn. Erasmus sayt 
'There (in the sacristy) we saw the (Mutoral stal 
of Saint Thomas. It apVMsared to \ie a cano covered; 
with silver plate; it was of very little weight and' 
no workmonship, nor stood higher than to tha 
waist.'— Nichols, p. 44, and note, p. 17')," i.e., J.\ 
Cough Nichols, 2ad ed. of Krasnius's 'Pilgrimaeoa.'] 

At the time of the Dissolution there waa, 
a glass window in the Lady Chapel of th 
church at Henley-on-Thames with an image 
of Thomas a Becket (' Henry VIII. and th( 
Eug. Mon.,' vol. i. p. 401). 


io'^s.iLJrLY9.i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


A number of references to St. Thoraas are 

fiven in the indices (see pp. 463 ami 471) of 
I. K. James's 'Catalogue of the MSS. in the 
Fitzwiiiiam Muaeuu ' (Camb. Univ. Press, 

Cf. also Mrs. Jameson's ' Legends of the 
Monastic Orders' (Longmans, l'j(XJ), pp. 101- 

A number of instances of his representation 
in pre-Reforraation mural paintings will be 
found in 'A List of Haildings in Great 
Britain and Ireland having Mural and other 
Tainted Decorations of Dates prior to the 
Latter Part of the Sixteenth Century, with 
Historical Introduction and Alphabetical 
Index of Subjects,' by C. E. Keyser, M.A., 
F.S.A., 3nl ed., enlarged, 1883, i-ssued by the 
Education Department (Science and Art), 
South Kensington. 

Since the above was written I have had an 
opportunity of seeing J. G. Nichols's ' Pil- 

§nmage.s to St. Mary of Walsinghara and 
t. Thomas of Canterbury' (Westminster, 
1849). In this edition the passage quoted 
above appears on p. 49, and tne relative note 
(No. 52) on p. l.^iG. The note ends thus :— 

" 8o simple in the days of Becket w&s tlie B[ilscoi>al 
Orosier, whieli in later times waa hiKlily enriched 
with K^ldaniilh'a work and jencllery (like the 
orosiBr of William of Wykohaiu Btill jircserved at 
New College Cliaiicl). In illtiatratum of thi.s point, 
and of the archUsliop'a K^neral attire, the seal of 
Archbishop liecket ib hero (for the tirat time) 

The engraving of the seal is on the opposite 

Other references in this book to St. Thomas 
are : ' Assumed Dedication of Canterbury 
Cathedral Church to S. Thomas of Canter- 
bury,' p. 110; 'The Names of the Assassins 
of Becket,' p. Ill (see also p. 113); St. 
Thomas's head (illustration), p. 118 ; portrait, 
pp. 100, ilV) ; shrine, pp. 1 19, IC.'i (illustration), 
211. In the appendix are 'The Martyrdom,' 
p. 213 ; ' The Four Murderers,' p. 219 ; 
'Honours,' p. 221; ' Kelics,' p. 224; 'Pro- 
ceedings against,' p, 231. .^t p. 240 is an 
illustration of a pilgrim's sign or token of 
'Saint Thomas's bead.' 


I find I omitted to mention that at the 
Hospice at Lisieux (Normandy) arc shown 
the vestments in which the saint is said 
to have otKciated while saying Mass at 
Lisieux. are in a shrine at the side 
of the chapel altar ; on the other side is a 
"napkin," or cloth, in another shrine, stained 
•with his bloofi. "This cloth was sent here 
from England. I believe both relics are 
duly authenticate^!. 

It is stated that at St. L/i, when St. Thomas 
was passing through the town, having been 
re(]uested to give a name to the church then 
building, he suggested it should bo dedicated 
to the first martyr for the faith. It so 
happened that he himself was the victim, 
and the church (now the corn market) was 
accordingly dedicated to him. 

Jous A. Randolph. 

There used to be a church in Naples 
dedicated in this name. It is figured in 
'Napoli Antico,' published bjy Cardone in 
1889; but I think it has been flemolishod. 
Geo. Wiu-. Camj'bell. 


There is a representation of the raartyrdoin 
on the counter seal of St. Edmund, Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury 1234-40. 

A. R. Malden. 

Murder of Thomas a Becket, drawn and 
coloured frotn a window in the north aisle of 
Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford ; William 
Fowler, 20 Oct., 1808 (coloure<l engraving). 

The scourging of Henry II. Ijefore the 
shrine of Thomas I'l Becket, from the old in the east window of the Bodleian 
Librarj', Oxford ; William Fowler, 2 Oct., 
1809 (coloured engraving). 

Murder of Thomas a Becket, apparently 
from an elliptical seal (Ij by i' in. in size 
iu the engraving); William towler, not 
published, date ISlO. Original not named. 

J. T. F. 


There is a, sculptured representation of the 
martyrdom over the south door of Bayeux 
Cathedral which proliably dates from aoout 
1190, and an illumination of it, belonging to 
the beginning of the thirteenth century, in 
fol. 32, Harleian MS. 5102, in the British 

>St. Thomas's Hospital was in building 
within ten years of the saint's death. 

The Abbey of Lesnes, in Kent, was founded 
by Richard de Luci about the same time. 

The supposed connexion between .St. 
Thomas and the English College, Rome, the 
church annexed to which is dedicale<i to 
him, is discussed in the April number of the 
Dublin Jhvifw, pp. 274 sij'/. 

A little book called 'Devotion to St. 
Thomas of Canterbury ' (London, W. Knott, 
20, Brooke Street, Holborn, 189r>) shows how 
wide-spread devotion to St. Thomas was. 
It contains (inter alin) English versions of a 
collect for his translation from the Rheinis 
Breviary ; of nine prayers from French and 
Spanish Breviaries of the fourteenth and 
filteenth centuries ; of sequenoea i««svs>. "Cw*- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io« s. ii. jr<.v o. jhoi. 


&Ii«itiil» of Canterbury, Tournay, York, Hcre- 
forrl, Olmutz, and Auxerre, and of another 
sequence by Adaiu of St. Victor ; and of six 
other ancient hyiuns in hi^^ honour. 

John B. Wainewhioht. 

In Spain churche.i were dedicated to 
St. Thomas of Canterburj', shortly after his 
death, both in Salamanca and Zaraora, and, 
as I mentioned about a year at;o, a chapel 
in the cathedral church o( Siguenza. There 
is said to exist at the Elscorial a collection of 
merliwval poetry written in hia honour in 
Spain. It ought, of course, to be publiahwi 
without delay. In the Exhibition at Paris 
in 18S9 there was a good collection of 
specimens of Limoges enamelling, from the 
period following the martyrdom, and giving 
jiictures of it. In these it is noticeable that 
the wounding of the liea<l tallies with the 
«car on the remarkable skull of the skeleton 
dug up in the crypt of Canterbury Cathedral 
some fifteen years ago, about which some 
interesting pamphlets were published in that 
city because it was supposed that the skeleton 
was that of the blissful archbishop, xaved 
by a pious fraud from the fury of Henry VIII.. 
whose bone-fire fed on some sub.stitute(l 
relics of less value to the clergy of that place. 

E. 8. DoDusoN. 


S. ii. 8).— The editorial note might have added 
the_ famous speech of George Augustus Sala, 
which confirms the ascription of the phrase 
to the Iron Duke. Sala was proposing the 
toast of the army at a moment when he 
had a private quarrel with it, and did so as 
follows, with a strong accentuation on the 
word "do": "Gentlemen, I give you the 
toast of the British army, an army of which 
its greatest commander .said that it could go 
anywhere and do anything— or, I may add, 
anybody." D. 

Who has "improved" Sir Epw\ri> 
Dyer? (lO* S. i. 4H7.) — It is peculiarly 
gratifying to 6nd Mu. Q. J. Holyoake, 
despite his eightv-seven years, writing with 
all the vigour and vivacity that characterized 
the work of his pen in days when his name 
was more frequently Ixjfore the public than 
is now the case. Mr. Holyoake says he 
lately used the stanza which he reprints in 
'N. <k y.' from a "poem ascribed to Sir 
E<]ward Dyer," and published with other 
selections in a journal he efliteti fifty-seven 
years ago, as " the Ijest description I know 
of the intellectual contentment of Herl^rt 
Hjwncer in his last days." As an intimate 
friend of the author of a ' System of Sy ntlietic 

Philosophy,' and to a considerable extent in 
symijatliy with Spencers standpoint ah a 
thinker, Mr. Holyoake givfw a n^ \- 

description, though some may qm n 

appropriateness of tlie lines to ■»] 

mental attitude. Ma. Holyoake n l| 

Dyer write as I quoted him in IM7 I uuil ds 
printed in ' N. A Q.' under al>ove heading. 
I find that the version in Chamlx^rs's 'Cyclo^ 

Bicdia of Literature' is more akin to that 
[enry Morley, derided by Mr. Holyoak 
than to the lines Mr. Holyoake claims 
Dyer's. Palgrave, Henley, and Mt '!■ ■'! . 
Couch do not include Dyer in their i i 

anthologies. In Haiu Friswell's ' 1 -r 

Words' the stanza appears, with the excep- 
tion of "and" instead of "or" in the last 
line, exactly as given by Mr. Holyoake, with 
" Percy, from Byrd's ' Psalmes, Sonnets,' &c , 
1.588," cited as authority ; and in Dalbiac's 
'Dictionary of Quotations (English),' the 
stanza, except in the matter of archaic 
spelling, is identical with Friswell's, "Old 
ballad" l>eing given as source. "In 1872," 
according to Chambers's ' Cyclopajdia,' "Dr. 
Grosart did his best to identify' and edit all 
Dyer's extant work — a dozen pieces* in all. 
' My Mind to Me a Kingdom is,' set to music 
by Byrd in 1588, is almost certainly his, and 
is by far the Ijest known." The first of it» 
eight stanzas in the ' Cj'clopaxlia ' is as 
follows : — 

My mynde to me a kyn|(donie is. 
Such |>reiMeut joyea therein 1 fynde. 

That it exoella all other blisie 
That enrth affords or growes by kjmde. 

Thou|;he niuche I wante which moste would hove. 

Yet still my inyiidt: forbiddes to crave. 

I share Mr. Holyoakk's view concerning tho' 
fourth line, that it needs an interpreter. 

J. Griuor. 
103, Cliouraert Road, IVckham. 

Dyer's well-known poem on contentment 
is to be found in Kawl. MS. Poet. 85, and 
there the first verse runs as follows :— 
My mind to mo a kingdom ia, 

Such iiroMuil ioyii therein 1 find. 
That it excels all other bliss 
That earth affurda or grows by kind. 

I think it may reasonably be assumed that 
thLs was the original form of the text. When 
the poem was set to music in l.'iSS, in William 
Byrd'.s ' Psalmes, Sonets, and Songs,' the 
verse in question was given thus : — 

My mind t-o mo a kingdom ia ; 

Sueli jierfeui joy therein I tind, 
A« far t\Lecd>i nil earlhlv blis-S 

That (ind and Nature hath Bssii^Ded, 

I doubt if it is known when, or by whom, 
these alterations in the text were made. 
Mk. G. J. Holyoake is misinformed as to 


io*8.ii.jrLv9.i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


the poem being included in Palgrave's 'Golden 
Treasury.' In Dalbiac'a ' Dictionary of Quo- 
tations,' however, the first verse of it i» 
given, and exactly in the form that is used 
by Byrd. Walter B. Kinoskoku. 

United Univeraity Club. 

J1r._ Holyoake's reading is supported by 
Percy's ' Keliques,' in wliicli, in the edition 1 
have seen, no mrur lectiuiies are noted. Pal- 
Igrave's ' Golden Treasury ' does not — in my 
fcopy, at least— contain the poem, but the text 
to which objection is taken is to be found in 
'Lyrical Verne from Elizabeth to Victoria ' 
t(Cbapinan & Hall, 1896). 

John B. Wainewjuoht. 
The poem referred to by SIr. Holvoake is 
in Percy's ' Reliques,' and consists of eleven 
stanzas. In the original edition, published 
by Dodsley in 1765, the first verse runs ;— 
My tniade to me a kingilome is ; 
Such perfect jove therein I finde 
A» larre exceeds all earthly blisae, 
That world ati'orda or Rrowes by kinde. * 
Though much I want that most men have. 
Vet doth my mind forbid me fr»vc. 
The poem is stated to be printed from two 
(ancient copies, one of them in black letter 
lin the Pepys Collection thus inscribed : " A 
laweet and pleasant sonet entituled My ininde 
) to lue a kingdome is." 

In the edition published by Messrs Sonnen- 
Hchein in 1887. and edited by Mr, H. B. 
i^Wheatley, the first verse is as follows :— 
My minde to me a kingdome is ; 
Such perfect joye tlierin 1 linde 
As fsrre exceeds all earthly 
That tJod or Nature hath aasinnde : 
Though much I want, that most would have, 
let still my mind forbids to crave. 

iThe poem is here chiefly printed from a thin 
Fquarto music book entitled " Psalmes, Sonets, 
land Songs of sadnes and pietie made into 
Imusic of five parts, ic. By William Byrd, 
lone of the Gent, of the Queenes Majesties 
Ihonorable Chappell " (date probably about 
ri5S8). E. Palmeu. 


This poem of eleven stanzas appeared in 
the old SiiluiJai/ Miu/auiie many years ago. 
My copy clipped therefrom does not, I am 
Borrv to say, bear any dale, but I believe it 

.would be about ten years previous to 1847, 
the date of its quotation by Mr. Holyoake. 
The first four lines are identical with vour 

icorresfKindeni's version. At the head of the 

*T)oem IS printed the following :— 

"This celtibrated sontr is printed i 

ectiona of I'oenis published in the - 

'tury. There are many variations in t/uii m in» 

• IScsinwed by nature. 

copies. The following version is that given by 
Ritson in his • English Songs,' with the exception of 
the last stanza, which is from a manuscript in the 
ISodleian Library at Oxfoni. lu that manuscript 
the i'uetn is aacrilwd to Sir Kdward iJyer, u friend 
of Sir Philip Sydney." 

John T. Paub. 
West Haddon, Northamptonshire. 

It appears^ that Mit. Holyoake, in 1847, 
quoted Sir Edward Dyer's stanza under the 
fijrm in which it appears in Byrd's ' Psalmes, 
Sonets,' ic, 1588. The alternative form 
unrler which it is given liy Henrv Morley in 
Cassell's "Library of English Literature" 
('Shorter English Poems') is that which 
Archdeacon Hannah printed in his volume 
of selections entitled 'The Courtly Poets.' 
According to Bartlett (' Familiar (Quotations,' 
18&0, p. 8) the stanza in this latter shape is 
found in MS. Uawl. 85, p. 17. 

11. A. Potts. 

Name fob a University Womkn's Clvb 

(10"' S. i. 489).— Why not the Almre Matres ? 
I can foresee that they will be known as the 
MAs ; and, if their house is near Piccadilly, 
as the ParciB. I should not be surprised if 
they were called dvdfxorai. 

Homo C'cj'.lebs. 

Would not the Minerva be a suitable name 
for the club in question ! The name of the 
third great divinity of the Komans contains, 
it is thought, the same root as iii^yis ; and she 
is, accordingly, the thinking power personi- 
fied. J. Holden MacMkhael. 

How would " Nidus loquax " do ? See 
Virgil, '.En.,' xii. 47.'> ; but the phrase is 
perhaps "loss polite than just" in its appli- 
cation to a club for women. PiTacKOko/ua = 
the office of Gunaikonomos, a magistrate 
whose duty was to maintain goo<] manners 
among women, may be a more acceptable 
suggestion. J. A. J. Hocsden. 

'CUILDREX OK THE ChaPEL' (10"' S. i. 407, 

458). — A copy of this tract, supix>sed to b© 
unique, was formerly in the pixsses.sion of 
Bishop Tanner, but does not appear to have 
come to the Bodleian Library in 17.36 with 
the rest of his books ('Annals of the BodL 
Libr.,' 1890, p. 212u.). W. D. Macray. 

Ropemakers' Alley Chapel. Littlb 

Moorkields (10"" S. i. 406).— "Madame Elen 

Eleetwoixi " was the second wife ami widow 

of Smith i'leetwooii, of Arminnland Hall, co. 

Norfolk, son of General Charles Fleetwood 

" '-'-mwell's son-in-law) by his first marriage. 

vill, dated .'10 May, 1727, was proved 

'v I?.*?!, by William Stiles, tiie execu- 

Ishnin, iw). She mentions her 

ii's (who predeceased Iv&^V ■«iss^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [W" s. ii. Jew 9. law. 

daughters Elizabotli, Frances, Oarolinit, and 
Jane. To Mr. Asty, rainiater of the pospel, 
(the leaves a wainscot, preiss and Home of llie 
books therein, and in a codicil, dated 
25 November, 1728, 10/. The will gives 10/. 
for the poor to the deacons of his cliurch. 
Madame Elizabeth Fleetwrxxi's will, proved 
10 August, 172H (P.C.C. Brook, -236), also 
contaiuH a becjuest to John Asty. Elizabeth 
and Jane were in reality step-ilauglitt<r.s of 
Ellen Fleetwood, as they were the third and 
sixth daughters of Smith Fleetwood's first 
marriage with Mary, daughter of Sir Edward 

Mary Carter was the daughter of General 
CharleN Fleetwotjd by liis second wife 
Bridget, daughter of Oliver Cromwell ; she 
married Nathaniel Cirter, of Yarmouth, at 
Stoko Newington, 21 February, 1677/S (4'" S. 
ix. 36.3). She was buried at St. Nicholas's 
Church, Great Yarmouth. She is mentioned 
in her father's will, and in Smith Fleet- 
wood's will, dated 2.') August, 1097, proved 
r, May, 172!) (P.C.C. Abbott, 132), she and her 
liusband both taking 10/. John Asty also 
receives a legacy of 'it. In a funeral sermon, 
"occasioned by the Death of the very Iteli- 
gious Mrs. Elizabeth Fleetwood, Preach'd 
at Stoke Newington, June 23, 1728," Asty 
speaks of his earliest service in the ministry 
being devoted to the Fleetwood family, 
" wherein I lived many Years." 11. W. B. 

The EsfJLisH Channel (10"" S. i. 448).— I 
cannot give Mii. J. Dokmkk the information 
lie wishes to gain about "La Manche," but I 
think ho may like to have his attention 
drawn to the fact that Drayton calls the 
(jamo water-way the Sleeve, in his ' Ballad of 
Agincourt.' Ue says of King Henry V. : — 

Itut, for ho found thoae vessels were too few. 
That into France his army should convey, 
He Kent to Hulf^a, u liose great store ho knew 
\Iif;ht now at uped sujiply him every way. 
His hounty amgilt- na the winds that blew, 
ijuch harki for jKirtafe out of ev'ry bay 

In Holland, /Oealand and in Flanders, brings, 
As spread the wide Sleeve with their canvass 

A foot-note on Sleeve runs: "The sea between 
France and England, so called." In ' Poly- 
olbion,' xviii. 74 1, the Cliannel is "the Celtique 
Sea." _ Camden, when treating of Sussex and 
speaking by the pen of Gibson, says, " It lies 
Jul on the south side, upon the British Ocean, 
with a stroight shore " (edit. KiU.'), p. 165). 

So far as I can remember, Shakespeare 
never gives the name of any of our circum- 
ambient seas ; which fact, if fact it be, is, in 
view of his historical plays, quite worthy of 
remark. St. Swithin. 

The Armsteono Gun (U»* S. i. 388, 436).— 
In 1839 I invented a gun similar t<:> tliat 
which was afterwards called the Armstrong 
gun and shell, and also a system of coast 
defence. In 1853-4 ray father, unknown to 
me, submitted my plans for guns an<l shell 
to Sir Hew Boss, Lieuteiiant-General of the 
Ordnance, who commented favourably, and to 
Sir George Grey, the Home Secretary, who 
had known my father many There- 
upon I was summoned from Cornwall to 
Woolwich, to tneet the Committee of Dt-feuco, 
who wade obiectious that proved in after 
years as trivial as I then deemed thetn. The 
chairman insisted that, nothing would com- 
pensate for boring out the breech (evidently 
strengthen the wrought-iron coil), and the 
compound gun would not stand the vibration 
(possibly, if heat came from without ; but the 
j heat coming from within, expansion would 
I prevent vibration). My gun would weigh 
I seventy tons (the "Woolwich Infant" weigiis 
eighty tons). Other objections were also 
' easily overcome. 

We observed that one officer, in undress, 
attentively listened and seldom spoke before 
the last half hour, when the otiiers were 
discussing our gun platforms revolving under 
cover, and following up the remarks of Sir 
How Boss on the artistic merit of my draw- 
ings. Lieut.-Col. Anderson, the said officer, 
then questioned me apart more minutely. He 
seemed slow, and witli difficulty I made him 
fully understand my shell, which Mr. Ann- 
strong considered more scientific than the 
gun. We passed on to my defences, and I 
was explaining merely what applied to a rock- 
bound coast, when the chairman {Col. Chal- 
mers, 11.A.) proposed to adjourn, as they had 
sat nearly two liours over time, and to meet 
again, as so much novel and important matter 
remained ; but, to judge from the objection? 
already raised, it seemed waste of time, ana 
that I had better go home. 

On my return I explained my plans to an 
old captain B.X. an<i his two sons, and said, 
" They will come to all this, and remember 1 
show it to you now." This was frequently 
mentioned in the Western press (between 
1S6U and 1875), and, I believe, repeated in the 
London press. 

When it leaked out that a Mr. Armstrong 
(who first turned his attention to gunnery 
six months later) had received 8,(X>0/. from 
the War Office to make experiments, 
my father immediately clainio<l the inven- 
tion as mine at the age of nineteen. 
In fairness some member of the Committee 
might have intervened, but the Ordnance bad 
meanwhile been turned over to the War 




10"' s. 11. J.TLY 0. 1901.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Office. Some years later, on rolatiug mv 
wiventure, 1 was inforwied of tlie curious 
-coincidence tliafc a Col. .Anderson was in 
parlnership with Sir William Armstrong. 

On 12 October, 1857, ray father wi-ote thus 
in the Mfckanics.' M'i<j<i:ine : — 

'Prejiiiijced and opposed to breech-loading 

rcannou us Col. Cliulium-s, Iho President of ilie 

|Conifiiittoe of 1S54, wiw when we met, 1 am bound 

to say, from the five experienced senior oflioers who 

I com|>08ed that committee both Or. Drake an<) 

niytielf received the most mnrked attention ; and 

I the discniwion on the various plans we placed before 

' them detained them ono hour and a lialf beyond 

the usual time of sitting." 

A plan and elevation of a .12-pounder cast^-iron 
gun converted into a breech-loader follows his 

Tlie Stamltird and the Mornin'i Jfer/ild 
(13 April, 18(i8i, in their editorial articles on 
'Inventors and their Rewards,' placed my 
father's name first in a list of remarkable 
men, and, not knowing my claim, wrote : " Sir 
uilliam Armstront,', a Hreat inventor and a 
pioneer of no small value, notwithstanding all 
the millions his experiments may have cost 
the country," &c. My experiments would ' 
not have cost half a, million. 

H. H. Deakk. 
43, St. (teorge'a Avenue, Tufnell Park. 

Astwkk: ArsTwuK (lo"' S. i. 406).— Has 

[onivsrimEMA.v ever examinefl any old 

Lustwick deeds or documents f If so, I 

(link he would find that Austwjck was very 

_ requently ?polt without the w. He says 

that in his grandfather's time the name was 

pronounced Asstick, though spelt "AHstwick, 

Jf» now.' If YoKKsmuEMAN will i-efer to 

(.452, vol. i. of Edward Baines's 'History, 

whose gay and spirited verses still live in the 
memory of luiridrods of thou.^ands. Froiu Henry 
Carey descended that Kdmuud Kean who iu our 
own time transformed himself so marvellously into 
Shylock, lago.and Othello." 

The Editor of ' N. Ji Q.,' in November, 1856, 
gave the following reply to a query which 
appeared in 2°' S. ii. 413 :— 

"Henry Carey, musical composer and poet, wa« 
an illegitimate son of George Savile, Mantuis of 
Halifax (his mother's name still remains a query), 
and left a son (ieorpe (iavilo Carey, also a lyrist, 
whosedaughtor married Kdmund Kean, an architect. 
Tlie itsue of this marriage was Edmund Kean, the 
lat« celebrated actor." 

E\'ER.\KD Home Coleman. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

Mac.xa Charta (10"' S. i. 469).— The sale 
catalogue of Richard Clark's library is neither 
in the Corporation Library, Guildhall, nor in 
the London Institution ; but the following 
particulars of him were given in an article by 
the Rev. Alfred Bevan, entitled 'Chamber- 
lains of the City,' which appeared in the 
I C'lV.i/ /*»•«« of 15 November, 1902 :— 
I " At the election of 1738 (iioll closed 2 January), 
Richard Clark, Alderman of Hroad Street, was 
chosen by .V>H votes lo M) for Sir ^^'lltkin Lewes, 
Alderman of Lime Street. He had been Sheriff iu 
1777-S, and Lord Mayor in 17Sl-.>. He held office 
for thirty-three years, dying 16 January, liiCtl." 

EvERAKD Home Colehan. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

MoON AND THE WeaTUER (10"' S. i. 347,441). 
— There seems to \k no doubt that the lines 
were written by Dr. Edward Jenner, of 
vaccination fame. In its correct form the 
poem is printed in Baron's ' Life of Jenner,' 
1827, pp. 22-4, and is there entitled 'Signs 

rectory and Gazetteer of the County of of Rain. An Excuse for not accepting the 
irk, published iu 1822, he will find no w in Invitation of a Friend to make a Country 

!>o word, as it is spelt as still pronounced, 
'Austick." CHAS. V. FoiaiiAW, LL.D. 


■R,'^'",^«", Stitv'ens (9"< S. xi. 468).— He is 
o bably the Dr. Stephens who was ono of 
ther Parsons's secreUries in ItiOl, and is 
Kcribed as " a great scholar, but so choleric 
hat ho IS very poor"('S.P. Dom. .\dd. Eliz.,' 
XIV. 40, 41;. John li. WAixEwm<;HT. 

■r*' A PAST" (lO-^S. i. .327, 396).-See ' Woman 
with a I'ast,' 8* S. viJL S8. H. J. B. 

Was Edmi'nd Keax a Jew ? (10"' S. i, 440 ) 
—In Macaulay's "History of EiiRland.' s-iii. 
I. xxi„ the parentage of Edmund Kean is 
FOn as follows ;— 

>vilB, MarquBM of Halifax] left a 

Ciirov. wlio'fe diniiius once drew 

■-- to the theatres, and gome of 

I Excursion.' Dr. Erasmus Darwin was a 
correspondent of Jenner's, and it is not 
improbable that the latter had sent him a 
copy of the poem, which in turn he had sent 
on to another friend as suited to the occasion. 

E. 0. B. 

In Nasmyth and Carpenter's elaborate 
work 'The Moon' (1874) are the following 
remarks concerning the supposed inllueuce 
of this luminary on the weatlicr ; — 

" The second of the apecilied abuses to which tli8 
moon is subject refers Ut its sup]»osed iiitliieiioc on 
the weather; and in tlie extent to which it goes 
this ia one of the most deeply rooted of jKipular 
errors. That thrrf i« an iiilinitesimal iiiHuenee 

exerted ; 
sei'ii froi 
of a eli.c 
what ii 
•howu r 
aiiwct ot 

. lit* tiiuoli, nu: 

11- will be 
. hut it is 
lent from 
u- error ia 
the mccft 



[10"' s. n. Jct.v 0. i9tn. 

I>liage of illuniination to another, is a8»<<i'tt*<i to )>« 
I>ioduc'liv«of aulianijeof weather ; A» if tlie)!ra<lu&l 
iiiii>«ai;e from tirat quarter to second quarter, or 
Iron] that to the thini, could of itself uptet an 
existing condition of the atmo(i|ibere ; or at if the 
conjunction of the moon with the nun could invert 
the onier of the winds, generate clouds, and jiour 
down rains.- A monieul'ii reoiunioK ouglit to show 
that the aujiiiosed cause and the observed eUect 
have no necessary connection. In our climate the 
weather may he said to change at least ever>- three 
days, and the nio'in I'hanges— to retain tl:' 
term— every seven days; so that the | ; 
of a coiniiilence of tlieso changes is v._,^ „ - 
indeed : when it occurs the moon is sure to lie 
credited with causing it. But a theory of this kind 
is of no use unleSH it can be shown to ajiiily in every 
cai:« : and moreover the change must always hem 
the suiiie ilireulion : to 8up|>ose that the nioon can 
turn a tine day to a wot one, and a wet day to a tine 
morrow indiscriminately, is to make our satellite 
blow hot and cold with the same mouth, and so to 
reiluce the supiiosition to an ahsurditr. If any 
marked connection existed between the stale of 
the air and the aspect of the moon, it must inevit- 
ably have forced itself unsought u|ion the attention 
of meteorologists. In the weekly return of liirtho, 
Deaths, and Marriages issued l>y the Hegistrar- 
General a table is given, showing all the meteoro- 
logital elements at lireeuwich for every day of 
the year, and a column is set apart for noting the 
changes and )>o»itions of the moon. These reports 
extend backwardn nearly a ijuarter of a century. 
Here, then, is a reiwrtory of data that ought to 
reveal at a glance any sucli connection, and would 
certainly have done so had it existed. But no 
constant relation Ijetween the moon columns and 
those containing the instrument readings has ever 
been traced."— P. 181. 


TiDESWELL AND TiDESLOW (9"' S. xii. .341, 
517; lO"- S. i. 52, 91, \W>, 228, 278, 292, 316, 
371, 471).— At the last reference Mr. Hkiohel 
says that " tlie Doine-sday name Duvelln 
woultl naturally bo abbreviated into Duvel." 
The town of Duffield is mentioned in Domes- 
day; not a« Diittlh, but, as I said, Dunelle, 
whicli is quite another thing. Here the 
Seuiinated u represents j7, and the modern 
form of Duuelle wonhl be Dowell, just a.s the 
mrxlern form of A.-S. ci'i is cow. In the 
' Kotuli Hundredorum ' Duflield ap|)ears as 
Doubruj?'. According to Mr. Keuiiel's 
theory it should be Dufbrug'. He does not 
seem to know that A.-S. v is equivalent to.f'. 

To support his tlieon,' of abbreviation 
Mk. Rehhel says that Culmton and Plynton 
have " lx!Come ColIompt<jn and riympton." 
With regard to Culmton the exact opposite 
is the fact, for Collompton, from the man's 
name Coluraba, iiat become Culmton. 

Further, I do not understand why it 
•hould be said that "the old English use of 
•field ' is to describe the open field in which 
the members of the community had 
Bcveml plota, not the close which the 

individual held." The first element Inr 
hundrtxis of place-names ending in /•'Id IS 
a personal name, as, for instance, IJavenw- 
feld, Hottesfeld, TotJi>esfcld, HadtiiundeflfcW, 
Ixtlcsfeld, Huntlejjfeld, which I take from th« 
'Itotuli Hundreiiorum.' Here we have the 
men's names Itiefn, Botti, and so forth. 

•S. O. Adov. 

In illu.stration of the influence of raiU 

way usage in changing the pronunciation 
of place-names, to wliicfi Sin Hkriieiit ilAX- 
well refers at 10"' S. i, .^71, the followinj? of incipient change may be worthy of 
record. The station on the North British 
Railway at the south end of the Forth Bridge 
is Dalmeny, named after the adjoining pro- 
perty of Lord llosebery, and theie is a village 
of the name. The usual pronunciation — 
familiar, no doubt, to many in the co\ivtG»y 
title of the heir to the Earldom of Hosebory 
—is Dalmeny. The station porter?, how- 
ever, now aniiouDco the arrival of the train 
at Dalmeny. For how long there has l)een 
this cliange I cannot say, but the railway 
has only been opened for some fourteen yoarH» 
and we may have here the i)egiiiiiing of & 
change which some years hence may oc the 
established order. 1. B. B. 

I am glad Mk. Ronald Dixon has put 
Siu Uekuekt Ma.xwell right concerning hia 
statement that Bridlington is " sounded " 
Burlington. As a one - time resident of , 
Bridlington (juay, I can a8.sure hiui that 
Burlington is simply an alternate name for 
Bridlington, thuH corroborating all Mte. 
Dixon'.s statements. 

Should Siu Hebbeut ^Iaxwkll desire ' 
further proof, I may inform him that Brid- 
lington was formerly written Brellington 
(vide 'National Gazetteer '), and that in all 
gazetteers in my library there is the hendJnK 
•Bridlington or Burlington.' On p. 411 or 
tlio ' Beauties of England and Wales,' under 
the article on ' Bridlington,' is an a-sterisk 
directing attention to a foot-note which runs 
as follows :—"01im Brellington, and now 
for the most part called Burlington." In 
Baines's ' Yorkshire' (1823), ' Bndlingl(m or i 
Burlington ' is also the heading to th& i 
article dealing with Bridlington. 

CuA8. F. FoKsiiAW, LL.D. 


With regard to the pronunciation of Car- 
lisle, Sir Walter Scott's ' Bridal of Triermain ' | 

contains the lines : — 

She has fair Strathclyde, and Reged wide, 
And Carlisle tower and town, 

where the accent is evidently placed on the 
first syllable. C. L. 8. 



iO"'S.n.jc..v.j.inw.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Arms ok Lincoln, City akd See (lO"" S. 
i. 168, 234).— May I, in mlditiou to what Mk. 
MacMiciiaki, lias written, and in answer to 
ano part of J. W. O.'s question— that as to 

f the arms of the See of Lincoln— refer your 
corresnondent to what the late Dr. Wood- 

[ward nos written on the subject in his work 

(* Ecclesiastical Heraldry' (1894)? At p. 182, 
on a plate excellently blazoned, appear the 
irms of that see: "Gules, two lions pas- 

(tiaiit guardant in pale or : on a chief azure 
the ettiiry of the Blessed Virgin, Heater], 
crowned and sceptred, and holding the Holy 

^Child, all of the second.''* 

At p. 184 appears the following interesting 
account of these arras, which, as your corre- 
spondent may not have ready access to the 

J book (which is now, I believe, scarce), I may 

[4)8 allowed to transcribe for his information : 

" Ut> to MOt! Mii< K|>iBcn|>al (teals usually contain 
the elfigy of the Hle«»ecl Virciii with tho Child : 
1)111 on llie seaU ut Jtjiilui|i William 8uiiLh (UtK>- 

l4.*>U) tho KhieUI of nrins at iMeaont uae<l appears. 

lAs the throne of tlie ISislio|i of tlie .See, formeil by 

lllie uniou of llie ancient Hishonrica of DorclifHter 
11(1 Sidmioeiiler, wa< placed at Lincoln in lU7t'> by 

IVilliam the CoiKiueror. the nrnis liorne bv him (or 

ItLl least, by liis niicoeHsora, kinKS of KuKlaiid and 
itlulcesof Xoruiamlyl may have been mea to com- 

IdicuioraU) the fonoder. The angKeslion that the 
urins may have orijjinsteii in the fact that (Geoffrey 
I'lantagenel Imitural eon of Henry J I. by Fair Kos&- 

linondl was Bishop-elect, though without cousecra- 
lion, from 117.S to ll.S"J, does not. now appear Ui me 
■o probable as at one time il did. The ilcdication 
»f the Cathedral is to the Blessed Virgin and All 
Saints. The juri«dictioD of this See consitta of the 
County of Lincoln." 

1 may add that the arms of Lincoln College, 
)xford, bear reference to the See of Lincoln 
\m.% well as to those of its founders. 

J. S. Udal, F.S.A. 
Antigua, W.L 

Local and Personal Proverbs in the 

^'aveiu.ey Xovels (10"' S. i. 3S3. 402. 455).— 

"he following extract from 'The Bride of 

Lamtnerinoor' contains several amusing speci- 

eiis of these, and is an illustration of the 

.ode in which justice was lulmiiiistcred in 

cotland about tho dat« of the Union. It 

as said at that time, " Show me the man, 

,nd I will show you the law "; — 

" [I^rd 'J'liriilipfift loijitilur.} ' I thnuglit Sir Wil- 
liam [i.e. AshUinJ would hau verified the auld 
Scottish saying, "A* soon comes the Iamb's skin to 
narket as the auld tup's." ' 

" ' We must please him after his own fashion,' 
kid uiother, ' though it be an uul(M>ked-for one.' 

* The bla»)nry on the pinte, however, doe* not 
^ear out in all iu details Dr. Woodward's state- 
Jient, the Virgin being attired argent and the 
hsbiun of the scat being gulei, 

'"A wilful man tnaun hae hit way,' answered the 
old counsellor. 

" ' The Keeper will rue this before year and day 
are out.' said a third : ' the Master of Kavenswood 
is the lad to wind liim a pirn.' 

" ' Why, what would you do, my lords, with th» 
poor young fellow ': ' said a noble Marquis present ; 
the Lord Keeper has got all his estates— he haa 
not. a cross to bless himself with.' 
" On which the ancient Lord Tiirntipiiet replied, 
' If he hasna gear to tine 
He has shins to pine. 
And that was our wav before tlie Revolution — 
I Lnilurcutn ptrnoiia, qui hien non /joIi nl cam cniiiuna 
— Hegh, my lords, that's gude law Latin.'" — 
; Chap. V. 

I This legal maxim seems to obtain pretty 
generally even at tho present day. 

John Pukiord, M.A. 

With regard to Mr. Jerram's letter at the 
last reference, I may state that I remember 
as a Kiiiall boy the frequent use, by a native 
of Westmoreland, of an expression which I 
spell as it sounded to me — " They 're marrali 
tub bran," meaning thereby that two or more 
things were exactly alike, or, at any rate, 
that there was not much diil'erencc between 
them. Mistletoe. 

To Mr. Boucuier's interesting list might 
be added "To go to the devil with a dish- 
clout," used by Richie Moniplies in "The 
Fortunes of Nigel,' xiv., and also in ' Castle 
Dangerous,' but not having that novel at 
hand I cannot give the exact reference. 

" To be of the family of Furnival'a," 
means to be a law student. I saw this ex- 
planation in one of the early volumes of 
' N. it Q.,' but cannot recollect why Furnival's 
was named in preference to other Inns of 
Court and Chancery. M. N. G. 

[FurnivaIs=attorDoy8' clerks. See 6"' S viii. 448.] 

Wolverhampton Pulpit (10* S. i. 407, 
476).— I was born within tho sound of the 
bells of St. Peter's Church, and naturally 
take an interest in the district. That the 
pulpit "is cut out of one entire stone," or au 
idea of similar purport, haa been repeatedly 
asserted by divers historians, and it is not 
at all impossible that "a figure of a grotesque 
animal has guarded it for more than WO'' I have not seen Jliss Harr Brown's 
somewhat sensational" note in thej4nYi'//u«r(/, 
but I may inform her that, according to tHe 
'Beauties of England and Wales' (vol. xiii. 
part ii. p. S59), published in 1823, her 
"grotesque animal " is " the figure of a large 
lion executed in a very superior stylo." I 
should like to ask Mr. IIakrv Hem'h upon 
what ground he so emphatically coutradict'j 
Miss Brown's statements. 

Chas. F. Foush.i.*-, \A*.V». 



[10=" S. II. Jn.v 0, UKH. 

Stami* Collectixo anh its LiTEriATtRi: 
(10"* S. i. 322). — A reply made to tne iu the 
Pkilatelic Qiun-terl;/ (1877) way be of interest. 
I must havp addressed .Messrs. Sun'ord Smith 
tk Co., of Brighton, the ijublishcrn. n-sking 
for some iuforraatioii on the subject of the stamp collectors, and the following 
answer was published : — 

•' Many years sine*, in IisOl, wo were informed at 
l/onvaiu by some of the stadenta at Uie L'oUe);e 
there that they were the first collectors. We naw 
a coUectiuii in Loniiou in 1S51, and luard of one 
that hod been lurnted jiroviously to that by a few 

WiLMOT CoRFiELD, Hon. Sec. 

Philatelic i>ocieiy uf India, Calcutta. 

It would be well to put on record, as being 
tlie first publi«he<i of its kind, a book of 
some 280 jwces, entitled ' The Starap-Fieuds' 
Raid,' by V\. E. Inieson, issued bj- Horace 
Cox, London, in NovemLier last. The book, 
a humorous skit in, marks a new 
departure in the literature of philately and 
kindred subjects. Q. C. W. 

JiAJOn-OE.SEUAI. EyKF-S (llj"' S. i. 489).— 

George H<jlion (not lioidton) Eyres appears 
on pp. 9fi-7 of Dodwell and Miles's 'Alpha- 
betical List of Otlieers of the Indian .\rmy 
from 1760 to 1834' (London. 1838). He was a 
"Cadet iu 17lil ; Ensign, 24 July, I7C3; 
Lieutenant, 1 Sopt., 17li3 ; Captain, 4 Auk-, 
\~<ih ; Major, 10 Dec, 1771 : Lieuf.-Colonel, 
1 Oct., 1781 • Colonel, 30 May, 178G ; .Major- 
Oeneral, 20 Dec, 1793. lietired on the pay 
of his rank 1790. Died Jan., 1797." He was 
an officer on tho Bengal eatablishuienl. Per- 
haps his tombstone at Bath, if traceable, 
would give information as to his birth and 
parentage ; or the India Office might be con- 
sulted iu the Record Dopartiueut, of which 
Mr. Foster is the head, .1. J. Cotton. 

J>, Gordon riauc, Caiii)Hlen Hill, \V. 

Step r.ROTHER (lO"" S. i. :)2!.t, 395, 47.'>).— ."^s 
there apuears to tomucli misooiiceptiou as to 
relationships by affinity, I venture to quote 
from Stephen'* 'Commentaries on the Laws 
of England,' liook iii. p. 2f.o. It is there laid 
down that the consrinffninei (or relations hy 
blood) of the wife are always relate<l by 
affinity to the husband, and tho rijn«nn'jiimi-> 
of the husband to the wife ; but^ on tho other 
hand, the cottmiirfuinri of the husband are 
not at all necessarily related to the ron- 
KtnyuirKi of the wife, uor is tlio husband 
related to the atliues (or relations by 
marriage) of the wife, nor vUr rcrxl. Hence 
the widow and widower of a deceased brother 
and sister respectively are not related by 
■.iHuity, and as they can lawfully intermari'y, 

it would be highly inconvenient, as well a» 
incorrect, to style them brother-in-law and 
sister-in-law. It will be noticed that they 
stand to one another exactly in the same 
[iosition as the late Cardinal Manning stood 
to tho late Bishop Willjerforceof Winchester, 
and, with due deference to Chester Herald, 
it must follow that those prelates were not 
brothers by affi'nity, or, as it is popularly 
called, brother.'-in-law, by reason of their 
marrying two sisters. 

Similarly tho children of a wife by a 
former husband are not related by affinity 
to the children of her second husband by a 
former wife, and as the one family may 
lawfully intermarry with the other family, 
rhey should not even be styled step- brothers 
and step-sisters, as, if that term roean» 
anything, it would seem to imply an impedi- 
ment to marriage. Arthur F. Rowe. 


Ouncaster (10"' S. i. 448, 518).— Thepro- 
po.sal to identify Guncaster with Oodman- 
chester seems quite reasonable, but we have 
not yet been informed how such forms as 
Guviicnstra arose. 

Iu n)y paper oi\ 'The Place-names of 
Huntingdonsiiire,' printed for the Cambridgo 
Antiquarian Society, I have shown that God- 
manchester derived its name from a certaia 
Gnthinioid. This explains all such forms 
as Gumicastra, Gumicestre, and Gunc&ster 
easily enough, 

There is a slight difficulty in the form 
Godmanchester itself. This is due to tho 
shifty nature of the symbol known 
as the Anglo-French short <i. It ww* used 
for two distinct purposes, viz., to render the 
A. S. short " (as in </";/) and the A.-S. short 
It (as in /luiui/, now /mne;/). In Godman- 
chester it originally meant the latter— i.e., 
it was meant for Uudmanchester, which can 
thus be readily understood. Compare the 
pronunciations of i.-Uour and tort: The u 
in (?<i/A- was originally long, but was 
shortened in Guthmund Ix-fore iJini, 

Walter W. Skeat. 



PfCHM, Trannlnlioin, atid Fill Uavrn. Uy C. 5. 

Cttlverley. (Boll & Sone.) 
WrTH considerable kiiowlodKe of both lltoraliiro 
and journalism, we are )iv no nieuim inclined to 

••f' ■■■ ' ' ■' ■■•■■'■•. ''•■■' '1-- ■! ■' iro 

i ■ ■ ■ .MO 

doubt, »b.iltliii:r Uiau Iter lair L:oUca;{Ui:.., stti^ luta 
much to leant from them in the detalU of tlrin)» 

io'^s.iLJcLv9,i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



knd i 

nd muiiiera, if we may pursue tlie lignre. Such 
xerci^ea as theac of an acconiiilibhcd master of the 
ilaiisii-al tongues it may be the faahion to regard 
ilouging to an otiose hy;iiitli unworthy of the 
ition of a nation of shui.keepera. But even a 
arly audience is not nei;'iKi'>le, as the constant 
ipearanee of auch volumes an this jirovea, «ince 
lulisherfl are not idle philanthropiata. As a 
alter of fact, the titudy and imitation of tlie 
aasica have wider and mure popular issues. Such 
udy is not 

Harsh and crabbed aa dull foola auppose ; 

rather it Rivea pliancy and grace to the Kngliah 

'ityle of ilJ) adhereiiti. The admirable light verse 

\f J'nnfh is (iue to Mr. Seaman, a former I'orson 

holar at Cambridge ; and the only other writer 

in ranks with him in the same atylo ia Mr. 

dley, an Oxford don and teacher. One need not 

academic to enjoy their wit, but we think it was 

r training which gave their wit the supple form 

grace which jjlease everybmly. 

Calverlcy appealed, perhaps, to more learned 

imcs than oura, and his delightful work may not be 

BO attuned to |[he popular ear as that of the two 

writers just mentioned : but we shall be furprised 

if in this form he ia not widely appreciate<l even 

)-day. The little liook before us is bound in 

lather, and made to go inside a practical every- 

lay jKicket-book. By itself it may bo sli|>)wd into 

,l)o slenderest of |>ockets for the delight of a casual 

lour, or interchanged with the Horace and 'In 

Menioriani ' jirovided by the publishers for the 

same purpose. The type is clear, though small, 

I there arc no signs of the crowded margins 

hich distigure some dainty trifles of the sort. 

The ' I'lyleavc.'i,' to take the last section first, it 

ould be imiwrtinent to praise. They include 

me admirable (larodies and u full display of that 

abort line which Calverley used so admirably 

lurce of point, humour, and surprise. 

'Verses' and 'Translations' contain the 

ous ' (.)do to Tobacco ' and the neat i"oinnendium 

the averoge undergraduate, "Hie I'lr, hie est." 

e ' Lines to Mrs. Goodchild ' contain a reference 

our stall' which is probably uniijue in verso : — 

No doubt the Kditor of Xoln aiid Qiitrit^ 

Or things "ool generally kiiown " could tell 

The word's real force. 

lOme of the pieces make fun of obsoleto or oliso- 

sacent originals, such aa Topper's ' I'roverbial 

'hilosophy,' before which we no longer prostrate 

r«elvea : others aiiproach the dignity of history. 

the ' Claasioal 'Translations ' we find, for once, 

me roiiderings of Horace which wo take, after 

uch Kutlering among many perversions, to suggest 

c grace anrl lightness of their original. Chief 

moiig the translations into I^atin ia ' Lycidas,' of 

hich we are given the English text. Those, there- 

, who cannot appreciate the extraordinary close- 

ttf Calverley'a version .should be able to rejoice in 

fan which is a touchstone of taste in Kuglish. 

ndem makers of Latin rerse would, wo think, 

be more particular than Calverley about some 

ords and usages, but we doubt if^ this merit of 

llowing virtually one writer as a model has not 

:i overjiraised. Verse-making is a |iastinie and 

possession for ever, as well aa the rhetorical 

iumi>h of an hour in examinations. And so we 

iir aincerwit thanks to Messrs. Boll for 

!iul issue of Calverley. For ourselves, 

3 work bo adjudged to lie oa tbo high- ^ 

way of letters, or a secluded bjiialh, with no 
attractions for men of the world, we shall assuredly 
cherish it. For us this master of graceful wit and 
scholarship is, to use the Transatlantic idiom, dis- 
tinctly " worth while." 

Oreat Mfulan. Parts XVII. and X VIII. (Heine- 
Two further parts of the best and most attractive 
of modern art publications bring it within measur- 
able distance of roiiipletion, and set tlie fortunate 
possessor aijeculoting in what way he hhall bind the 
treasurea it contains. Three volumes will about 
comprise the whole of the plates in a form not loo 
bulky for use, and, what is synonymous, delight. 
The first design in part xvii. consists of • The 
Regents of the Hospital' of Ferdinand 
Bol, Ik Corporation piece painted iii 1049, in the 
artist's best (leriod, ami now hanging in the burgo- 
master's room in the Town Hall, Amsterdam, where 
it is but rarely seen by travellers, and woa certainly 
missed by ourselves. The execution is very fine^ 
and delicate, and the reproduction is excellent. 
From the Kijksmuseum, Amsterdam, comes another 
Dutch masterpiece in 'A Watermill' of Hobbema, 
one of several views of the same spot executed by 
the artist. 'The Dead Christ Mourned' of Anni- 
bale Carracci was originally in the Orleans (Jallery. 
and is now in that of the Karl of (L'arlisle. Its 
appearance in 'Great Masters' furnishes occasion 
for some judicious observations by the e<litor ujiou 
the work of the Carracci. The .Sloane Museum 
8U]>plies Hogarth's 'Election Entertainment,' the 
" matchless, ' aa it is called by Charles Lamb. It 
is a fearfully gruesome satire, almost terrible enough, 
for Swift. VVe must not, however, 1» led into a 
ilissortation on therelentlessnessof Hogarth. Rem- 
brandt's 'Man in .•\rmonr' in jiart xviii. comes 
from the Glasgow Cor))oration Gallery, having once 
belonged to Sir .Joshua Reynolds. The editor ia 
highly enthusiastic concerning it, speaking of tho 
" glorious thrill " that it causes to one who oeholda 
it. The wonderful helmet belonged, it is auggested, 
to " Mars's armour footed for proof oterne. From 
the Louvre comes 'The Concert' of Giorgioue, 
justly pronounced lovely. To the attempt to trans- 
fer the authorship to Campagnola little attention 
is paid. By whomever it is executed, the work is 
transcendent. Van Eyck's ' Portrait of ,Iohn Ariiol- 
fini and his Wife' begets still higher raptures. 
One might, indeed, \vrite endlessly concerning the 
details of an epoch-marking work. Last cornea, 
from Trinity College, Cambridge, the portrait of 
the four-year-old Duke of Gloucester, said to be 
perhaps the best of all lieynolds's delightful 
]iictures of children. It was executed in ITSO. 

Thf Man of Lam' n TiUt ; TItr Xiik'i Pnrtt'M Talt ; 
The Si/nirf'i Tale. By GeolTrev Chaucer. Done 
into Klodern English by the llev. Prof W. W. 
Skeat. '1 vols. (De La .More Press.) 
Attkmpts to modernise Chancer have been more 
than once made by genuine poets. Of those that 
of Prof. Skeat is tho best as well as most recent. 
No scholar alive knowa ao much of Chaucer as 
does Prof. Skeat, and his versiona of stories from 
'The Canterbury Tales' form, for those who on- 
unable to road the original, the best conceivable 
introduction to the great poet. The transla- 
tions have a pleasant suggestion of antiquity, 
and are admirably executed in all resiiects. Two 
volumes have already ap[ieared, aud \^ vo *>« "VKt 



■ lioped and expected thiit the Bsnie acconiplislied 
I writer will in time give ua in iimiUr reodcrinB* 

■ the entire poetiral portion of ' The Canterbury 
I Talea,' and iierhaps some other works of the poet. 
I Introductionaand notes couatitute nouble features. 

I H. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. no* ». n. Jri.y 9. ig 

TilK Burliiiiilon Magazinf opens with a finely 
executed niinialure by Han« Hntbeiii, n portrait of 
a lady erroneously described —as Mr. Kichard H. 
Holmes shows— as Frances Howard, HiK'hess of 

i-a by 



Norfolk. A aeries of well-known 
Velasiiueit follows. These portrail* 
ami royal ladies are from the Viei 
Lionel C'ust is responsible for an article accom- 
panying the pictures from the collection of Prince 
Albert. A condemnation follows of the system of 
collecting which raises a second rate Wattoaii to an 
©quality with a superb Rembrandt, and a Houdon 
or a Pigalle to the height of a Michaelangelo or 
a Verrocchio. ' The Kxhibition of French Primi- 
tives' is concluded. In the editorial matter ap)ic«r8 
an accurate statement that " there is no civilized 

country in Europe where a man who knows or 

tliinka too much, or who has any higher standard 
than the man in the street, is so generally suspected 
and overlooked." 

T" the Fori night! 1/ Mr. Beerbohm Tree contri- 
butes 'The Humanity of Shakesjieare,' an address 
<lelivered to the stuileuta of his newly formed 
School of Acting. The subject is inexhaustible. 
AVhat is said is, to some extent, unconscious auto- 
biography, and it would bo easy to anticiiiate the 
actor's intentions from his comments. Shylock is 
the character, unacted as yet by Mr. Tree, which 
is dealt with at most It-iigili, and enough is said 
concerning it to show that when he is presented 
the Jew will be as unlike that of .Sir Henry Irving 
as that of Mackliu. Alexander Bain is discussed 
under the title of 'The Last of the "Knglish 
iiohool" of Philosophers.' He is thus, though a 
bootsnian, separated from Uugald Stewart anil 
others of what was once called " the Scottish 
School" of philosophy. 'Michail Ivanovitch 
<jliuka' deals with a man al>out whom the 
eeneral public knows little. 'Temporary Power,' 
by Mrs. John Lane, is an amusing sermon on 
Siiake«pearc'8 text, " Dressed in a little brief 
authority."— Lady Currie writes, in the Xiiutienlh 
Critliiii/, concerning some of the ' Knfauts Trouvcs' 
of literature, aud in so doing deals with many 
things disparate and incongruous. She quotes from 
one of her strayed children the marvellous lines 
■descriptive of female beauty— 

And like the Grecian fair one, down her face 
III a straight line hrr urenling ori/nii sped. 
The italics are ours as well as hers. She deprecates 
the wrath of Mr. George Moore, deals with the 
* Ballad of Reading (iatd," and refers to In /hIiIh 
jiitiU of the Kegent of Orleans. The copy of these 
same little feet seems taken from the edition of 
1757, and not that of 1718, in which cose they ore 
not those known as designed for the Regent. An 
terestiog account is given of 'The Women of 
.orea.' l>r. William Kwart suggests the use of 
_edicatcd air for curative purjxaes. Mrs. Miggs 
writes on 'Tranifis and Wanderers.' — A full and 
well-illustrated account of Hever Castle, the home 
of Anne Bolcyn, is supplied to the Pall Mall 
by Miss Olive Sebright. A life of Sir Kdward 
Monsou, our ambaasador at Paris, follows. Mrs, 
Oeorg« Coniwallit-We«t describes 'A Joamey in 

Japan.' The opportunities for observali' i| 

by the writer iio not appear to have hi ■ 
' Sunlight and .Movement in .Art ' \» v " 
No. v. of .Mr. Moore's ' .\vowalH ' d> 
and lyOti. — Mr. .Sidney l>ow sends t" 
admirable appreciation of Henry Morton .s 
After disajipearing for some time, "The Blttc 
Papers" of Mrs. Richmond Ritchie are mm 
the present instalment (No. !*) dealing prirv 
with jiictures. Uniler the licsiling 'Hl..,^ 
Mysteries' Mr. Lang tolls again the slory of t 
Cardinal's necklace. 'The First Knglisnman i 
Japan' was William Adams, for whom see thi 
'U.N'.H.' No. 1 of 'Household Budgets Abroad 
deals with the cost of living in Cermany. We tiai 
the anticipated conclusion that life among 
miildlo classes lu tiermany " is cheaper becai 
is simpler." An account is given of 'The Ai 
Railway.'— ' Eight Captains of their Fate,' in thi 
(Jrntltman'K, is the account of sutlerings in Arcti 
seas in 1681. .An interesting criticism i 
the new cathedral at Westminster. A sti 

is told concerning Princess Charlotte, j! --y 

of Anloine de (iuiscard, more generally known a* 
the Abbe de la Bourlie, is narrated at considerabli 
length.- Mr. Charles L. Easllake writes, in /,<»i(^ij 
manU, on ' The Misrule of Material London,' and 
complains of many abuses it is now vainly, as it 
appears, sought to remedy. ""Chopping' on th4 

Old Calal>ar River ' describes 

very conceivable state of 

'At the Sign of the Shin, 

called "(Jiiiaritis," whicli rages worse in Anierii 

even than in England, and explains the cause 

its existence. 

a strange and nab 
affairs. Mr. Lang, is 
deals with the disea 

potirrs i0 Comsyonbinii. 

We mu»l coil fpuial aUtnlion to the foUowing 
notice* .■ — 

U.s all communications must be written the oatna 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for pafa 
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

Wk cannot undertake to answer queries privatelr<^ 

To secure insertion of communications corre- 
spondents must observe the following rules. Let 
each note, query, or reply be written on a separate 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writer aud 
such address as he wishes to appear. When answer- 
ing queries, or making notes with regard to previoa 
entries in the x>ai>er, contributors are requested t 
put in parentheses, imniediatelv after the exao 
beading, the series, volume, ana page or jioges to I 
which they refer. Corres^iondents who rejieat] 
queries are requested to head the aeoond ooro^ 
niunication " Duplicate." 

R. PiFiii'DiNT ("La Tour d'Auvergne"). — Thai 
articles will be indexed under his name as well aa j 
under the heading. Short headings arc always pre-J 
ferred, for eaae of reference. 


Editorial communications should be addresaed 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and (Jueries'"— Adver- 
tisemenu and Busineas Letters to "The Pub- 
lisher "—at the Office, Breani'i Buildings, Chaacerr 
Lane, E.G. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return 
communications which, for any reason, we do not 
print ; and to thii rule we can make no excepUoD. 

10" 8. iL JvLY 9. 19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Last Week's ATHEN^UM contains Articles on 






OUR LIBRARY TABLE :— Old Times and New ; The Fight for Canada; Chaucer in Modern English; 
How to Deal with your Taxes ; The Oxford and Cambridge Vear-Book ; A French Professor on the 
Celts ; Thomas H Kempia ; La R^'volte de I'Asie ; MoUej's Dutch Republic. 



• ELEGY ' ; SALE. 

SCIENCE :— The Golden Trade; In the King'sTonnty ; Every Man his own Gardener ; Anthropological 

Notes; Societies : Meetings Next Weeic ; Gossip. 
FINE ARTS: — The Decrees of Memphis and Canopus ; Tlie Chantrey Berjuest; The National Gallery; 

Frederick Sandys ; Archicological Not«» ; Archax)logical Cruise round Ireland ; Sales ; Gossip. 
I MUSIC :—' Carmen ' ; • Un Ballo in Maschera'; Master von Renter's Concert; Mtuic Exhibition; An 

Aathor's Protest ; Gossip; Performances Next Week. 
DRAMA :— Life of Lope de Vega; 'Y'vette'; ■ La Bourse ou la Vie ' ; ' La Doulooroase ' ; ' La Parisienne ' ; 


The ATHEN.5;UM for June 25 contains Aiticles on 




MEW NOVELS: — Fort Amity; Nature's Comedian; Wrong Side Oat; Brothers; The Apprentice; 

Coming Home to Roost; Joshua Newing«: Lychgate Hall; The Fool-Killer; The Byways of 

Braithe ; A Prince of Cornwall ; Le Visage fimerveilli-. 


OUR LIBRARY TABLE:— A BussoChinese Empire; The Pan-Germanic Doctrine ; Harry Fnmiseat 

Home ; Early Associations of Archbishop Temple ; The Jewish Encyclopicdia ; Printers' Pie, 1004 • 

C'e-st Servi ; Le Choix de la Vie ; Gatzkow et la Jeane AUemagne. 



SCIENCE :— The Penetration of Arabia; Societies; Meetings Next Week ; Gossip. 
FINE ARTS :— Carfax's Gallery; The Egypt Explonition Fund's Exhibition ; The Fienoh Primitives ; 

Sales ; Gossip. 
MUSIC:— 'HtlJ-ne'; 'La Navarralse'; 'Rigoletto'; 'The Flying Dutchman'; Gossip; Perfjrmanccs 

Next Week. 
DRAMA:— 'La Montansier'; 'Antoinette Sabrier'; 'Les Coteanx du M6doc'; *La Sorciire'- The 

' Aloestis'at Bradfield; Gossip. ' 

MISCELLANEA :— Wycliffe's Doctorate of Divinity. 

JOHN C, FRANCIS, AtbenBom Office, Bream's Boildiogi, Chancery Lane, E.G. 

And of all Newsagents. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no-' s. il jri.r le. iqm. 

K I N G'S 




We hare to announce a new edition of this Dictionary. It first appeared at the end of 
'87, and was quickly disposed of. A larger (and oorreeted) issue came out in the spring of 
18b9, and is now out of print The Third, now about to be published, contains a larg« 
accession of important matter, in the way of celebrated historical and literary sayings and 
pioU, much wanted to bring the Dictionary to a more complete form, and now appearing iu 
its pages fur the first time. On the other hand, the pruning knife has been freely used and 
the excisions are numerous. A multitude of trivial and suporduous items have thus been 
cast away wholesale, leaving only those citations which were worthy of a place iu a standard 
work of reference. As a result, the actual number of (quotations is less, although it is hoped 
that the improvement in quality will more than compensate for the loss in quantity. Tlw 
book has, in short, been not only revised, but rewritten throughout, and is not so much a new 
edition as a new work. It will bo seen also that the quotations are much more "raeonlii'' 
than before, and that where any history, story, or allusion attaches to any particular saying 
the opportunity for telling the tale has not been thrown away. In this way what is primarily 
taken up as a book of reference, may pcrhajis be retained in the hand as a piece of pleasant 
reading, that is not devoid at times of the elements of humour and amusement. One other 
feature of the volume, and perhaps its most valuable one, deserves to be noticed. The 
previous editions professed to give not only the quotation, but its reference ; and although 
performance fell very far short of promise, it was at that time the only dictionary of the kind 
published in this country that had been compiled with that definito aim in view. In the 
present case no citation — with the exception of such unaffiliated things as proverbs maxims 
and mottoes — has been admitted without its author and passage, or the "chapter and verse" 
in which it may be found, or on which it is founded. In order, however, not to lose 
altogether, for want of identification, a number of otherwise deserving sayings, an appendix 
of Adetpota is supplied, consisting of quoUitions which either the editor has failed to trace to 
their source, or the paternity of which has not been satisfactorily proved. There are four 
indexes — Authors and authorities. Subject index, Quotation index, and index of Greek 
passage*. Its deficiencies notwithstanding, 'Classical and Foreign Quotations' has so far 
I remained without a rival as a polyglot manual of the world's famout tayutgt in ont pair of 
\ covert and of moderate dimensions, and its greatly improved qualities should confirm it still 
I more firmly in public use and estimation, 

K I N G'S 



London : J. WUITAKBR k. SONS, Ltd., 12, Warwick Lane, S.O. 



10-' 8. II. JcLY 16. 19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


LOSDOy, SATL'HDAY, Jl'I.Y 16, 1901^ 

CONTENTS.-N0. 29. 

am vf-ry of »n AnKU»-Norm*n Ch^on^ol^ 41 — 

L- ^P*'''. 4J— Qaello In»orlption« In Man. 44 — 

\\ , liege ViftlUtiou, l.'..'»H— So»U'i MuhIc MMt<r 

— *■ i'aifttibtriialift"— BftiHfT of H'ifc'B— Muiqujuti — ' Qixl 
uve tbe KItik,* 4fl — Rockall — FIoiU •'-«rt*' — PoeUcfcl 
Curiosity— louA Catbedrel, 47. 

QUBRIBS :— Hertlonl County Blogmpby— Tbomu Dult^n. 
47— Sir Ollbert Blllot'c Deatb— "A «noulder of mutton 
fjrought home from Fmnoe"— "Tropenwut" : "Tropen- 
kollcr" — HfWftt Fumlly — Adam Z»d — Skeleton* at 
Funer&li, 48 — Morlsmrs Qrave — DlckantUa London— 
Bronte Fmmlly— 6. Huwltt. P&lntcr— Author* of C^uot*- 
iloa* W&nted— Trooping th« Colour*— Sir Hut(o Mel^nell, 
49~Pul»ll*ber*' CatJiIogueK— Qonlon BpiUpb— Obb Wig — 
Sliver Bou<|uet-HoMer— Byroo : Blron. fcii. 

BBPLIKS :— PamtU: Pamela, 50 — Premier Grenadier of 
France, a:' -Mnrk Hlldeiley, ^1— Late Intellectual Harvest 
— Fte*li and Shnmhle Heat* — Mr. Jane*, of Aberdi^en- 
■hlrc. &*— Tb© V.ijfbnMob— Dynmlana— "Sal et saliva"- 
DauKbter* of Jftrries 1. of Sfcottand, .Vt— Walney laland 
Naraea - Copernlcu* and the Planet Mercury — AUke— 
Pre*crlpllonii—*' Among otbera," M-Antwtrrp Cathedral 
—King John's Cbartt'r*—*WllhelniMHit*r'—"Humanum 
est errare" — Hugo'* 'Lea AKellle* Impi-riale*'— Bll>li<>- 
gra|iby of BpltaphH— May Mouunieiit, 57— Tboniaa Neale : 
*• Her*>«rley "—Topography of Ancient London ~ Ciabo- 
riau'a 'Marqula d'Angivftl'— Laacaahlra Toaat, 56— Fair 
Maid of Kent. &0. 

KOTBS ON BOOKS -'A Later Pepy* '- Farmer and 
Henley'* 'Slang and lU Anali^gue*'— Morrl*'* ' De fence 
of Guenererf,* edited by St*ele— Britten'* 'Old Clock* 
and Watobes ■ — Llndlry'a * TourlKl-Gulde to the Con- 
tinent '—Cresawell'* 'Quantock HilU.' 

Death of Mr. B. HarrU Cowper. 

Ko(toe* to Corre«pondeut«. 



Students of Kiiglish rne<li!cval history are 
Hcquainted with the name of Williain 
Pockinc^ton as that of the author of some 
works of contemporary history, the loss of 
which lias often ueen a matter of complaint 
by historians, in consequence of there being 
a dearth of original clironicles for a con- 
siderable part of the period comprehending 
the reigns of the three Edwards. Modern 
writers have been content to adopt the facts 
■collected by compilers of the sixteenth cen- 
tury which are not authorized by the exist- 
ence of their sources. 

Some knowledge of one of these original 
chronicles has come down to us by the zeal 
of England's firnt great antiquary, Joiin 
Leland. Amongst the treasures of history 
■saved by him in the pages of his ' Collectanea,' 
we find the following entry : — 

" Wylliam dv PackiriKton, Clerk Kiid Tresurer o( 
Prince K<iwariie«, Suiine to Edwurde tliej III,, 
HouaeholJ yn (Vucoyne, ili<l wr_yte h (>ri>tii(iu«i yn 
■Freiielie, from Ilia IX yert< of King John of Eiig- 
loniJe on to liis tyaie. aud dedicated it l<> hi* l<ord 
l^iiice Kdwarde. Owte of «u Ki>ilome in French 

of this aforo sayde ( 'roniqiie 1 irannlaled carptito 
thes thinKCS that folow ya to Knglisuhe.'' 

The extracts from this Epitome cover fifteen 
pages, and have been alwayK regarded as of 
im|M>rtant historical value. We do not know 
whether Iceland ever saw the whole original 
Chronicle himself, but other writers oi the 
sixteenth centurj' were acquainted with it. 
I have been fortunate enough to recover a copy 
of the above-named Epitome whilst occupied 
with studies about the Anglo-Norman prose 
chronicle of ' Brute.' MS. Cotton Tiberius 
A vi. has generally been believed to repre- 
sent a version of the latter, but only with 
partial accuracy. Indeed, from its beginning 
in 1042 down to the death of Henry 111., the 
text agrees as a whole with the usual text of 
the ' Brute,' but after that date the course 
of the narrative suddenly goes back to the 
coronation of King John, whence it proceeds 
on to the reign of Edward III., where it 
breaks off in 134C. This second part of the 
MS., joined to the first without any outward 
sign of a new beginning, represents from the 
ninth year of John until the end an entirely 
new chronicle, the lost Epitome from Packiug- 
ton, for all the pieces preserved by Leland 
can be verbally traced in it. 

That we have here the Epitome, and not 
the original chronicle, can be guessed by its 
irregular character, the notes being in some 
parts very extensive and in others very 
meagre. There is yet another circumstance 
which renders it certain. Sir E. M. Thomp- 
son, in his erlition of the ' Clironicon Galfridi 
le Baker de Swynebroke,' was the first to 
suppose that some parts of a later version of 
the 'Brute' show a connexion with the lost 
Chronicle of Packington. Indubitably the 
part comprehending the years 1307-33 is in- 
debted to him. VVe can see now that it is 
taken from the original Chronicle, because it 
is much fuller than the corresponding part 
in the Epitome, though agreeing in substance. 

I hope shortly to be able to say something 

definite about U 
Epitome ; for th 
that it i.< ratliei 
of Jolin, bn: 
the reigns oi 
full during the 
then very short 
of Edward I 
rest, inclndi 
1346. b. 
the in- 
If I 

tilf liiiiitnu.i. 



value of the 

1 only remark J 

riiiir the rcimi \ 

NOTES AND QUERIES, uw ^. n. Jt lv i... i 

(See ante, p. 1.) 

Os pp. 157-GO we find :— " Letter of Wm. 
Cowper to the Park,* having never wrote to 
hiinr since bis' illness and recovery." 

Letter frotn Huntingdon, 18 October, 1765, 
printed in Wright, i. 51, 52. P. 51, 1. IC from 
toot, " but I am no such monster "omitted by 
mistake in !MS. L. b from foot, " could," MS. 
"would." L. 3 from foot, "might,'' M.S. 
"would." P. 52, 1. 4, "have," MS. "who 
have." L. 7, " those," om. MS. L. 10, " all," 
om. MS. L. 15, "to do so," MS. "so to do." 
L. 16, "of intercourse," om. MS. L. 4 from 
foot, " as," MS. " which." At end of letter 
MS. adds " ^Y■" Cowijer." 

Of the quarto co mm on pi ace- book b of Cow- 
per's cousin, Maria Frances Cecilia, na'e iladan, 
wife of Major William Cowper, I have access 
at present to vols. iii. to v., liound in vellum. 
On p, 3.3 we read: "Let. ll"" Continuation of 
a Herie.s of letters from Mr. W. C. to myself 
and others (see back my 2'' v. common place)." 
Not dated here, and not complete (Wright, i. 
94, 9.\ Huntingdon, July 13, 17C7). P. 94, 1. 5 
from foot, " fracture," 5IS. " wound " in text, 
"fracture" in margin. P. 95, 1.2, "home," 
MS. " the house." P. to, 11. 7-11, " Tiie effect 

toaaon,"ora. MS. L. 14, "us," MS. "mo." 

L. 17 »w., "We. ..we.. .wo.. -we.," MS. 
"" What follows after 

" rest for us " from "We have employed 

family," om. MS. For "and am, my," MS. 
" I remain." 

Pp. 34-6 :— 

Letter 12. 

Dear Corsis,— Your letter brouglit me the first 

news of —'a sucoeds at H . I heartily wish that 

all tlie members of a. certain august assembly, were 
equally worthy of their office, and the contidonce 
reposeti in them: which will be the cme, when they 
are all noniniated and chosen in the tame diii- 
interested manner : and of mere respect to their 
honour and integrity, and never l>efore. 

I was never much skilled in politics, and am now 
less versed in tliem thun cver;|i but this I know: 
that when I see a ttrtMl buiUliog full of cracks, 
weather-beaten and mouldering ujuice, and much 
declined from the peri:>endicular, the downfal of 
that house is uot far distant : unless it is set right 
acain by an extraordinary repair. This is too much 
I hi! case, I am afraid, with our poor country ! I am 
neither a proiihet, nor the sou of a ]>rophet, but 1 
know that the natural tendeucy of iniijuity is to 
ruin . and every kingdom that has fallen in pieces, 
ill the '. '■ ' uf the world, gives testimony to 

theti -s'ertion. May Hod raise uri many 

toiul'! ' Him, on behalf of a sinful land; 

fur I am 6uie if the prayers of His own people, those 

• Park House, near Hertford. 

t To >Iajor Cowper. his cousin. 

t William Cowper'a. 

S ** At this time a great bustle abont Wilk«." 

that love and fear Him, do not prevail for a bleuioc, 
not all the couirivanees of the wisent. heaila am'mgvt 
us, will liealile lodivurt the -■ ' is. 

My dear cousin, how hni n 

\teuu taught of (iod, that thi it 

here they have no continuing i^ity! sv i .Ic 

from this mass of perishing tniiiL's, to l^i 

littlli foundations, whose builder and ni : ! 

whose hearts glow, with a coniforla)iIi it, 

amung.ol thuie many mansions which J' f, 

are in His Father's house, there is one ruui ^cU for 
I them; where no fear of <iissolut<on and ruin shall 
I ever find them <mt, wh«>re nothing shall pnter that 
can defile them, eonsc(|Uciitly iiotliing that can 
grieve them, and of which Josns Himself, th« un- 
changeable and everlasting Saviour, is the chief 
corner stone! Hlessed are we indeed, it (.od has 
given us this precious hope, through faith in Hi» 
Son's name, thishoiK! that puriHp<< trie soul, oven na 
He is pure, makes all sin hateful, and nil that ia 
holy, anil according to the will of (iod, lovely and 
desirable in our eyes, and is day by day bringing u« 
to a greater nieetness for on inbentauee among the 
saints in light. 

.May you, and I, and all dear to us, be msde in- 
timately acipiaioted with the things tin. lo 
our jioace I liave more and more exiin ,o 
transforming power of the grace of i . . . .lul 
follow Him, through this poor fleeting world, that 
we may rejoice in Him forever, and reign with Him 
in His own heavenly kingdom. 

Yours etc. etc. 
a— y (Olney), April 1.^., ITKS. 

Pp. 36-9 :— 

This letter bears date H— n— u (Unnlingdon), 

■Iune4, I7t{7. 

Utter 1. 

To Mrs. M[ad3n]. 

My DE.iR Aunt,— When I might have enjoyeu 
your company as often as I pleased, not lieing tit. 
for it, I declined it, and now that I alioulii rejoice 
to see you, my Heavenly Kather having in His great 
mercy in some measure ipialified ine for the society 
of them that believe, I have it not in my power to 
converse with you in person. This, which I dare 
noi call my misfortune, because it is the dis|>en- 
sution of His will who hath called me, I must make 
my excuse for writing to you, and doubt not, but 
you will admit it as a sutHcient one ; for I kuow 
you will not be sorry to hear from a person, not 
only nearly allied to you by blood, for that is little, 
but now more closely united to you, I trust, by thg~ 
un^iieakable gift of (iod, in llio same spirit, 
never recollect the kindness of your behaviour _, 
me, when we met, notwithstanding all my apparent 
neglect of you. witliout seeing in it an instance of 
that meek and forgiving tcmiier, which (he Ivord 
has been pleased to work in all those, who believe 
in the name of Jesus. I bog your pardon for my 
strange behaviour, my dear aunt, and can venture 
to assure you, without danger of dissimiilntion, 
that, were it in my power to give ju ' ' \i) 
change I have undeigonu iii this rcai>ci i, 

iiroof should uot bo wanting. Alas! I; ij 

truly love a disciiile of the Lord, while I was 
enmity with her -Master? How was it i>ossibl 

that one of 'V- ' ..._.. r . . , , , . .. 

a place in u 1 

would not, ni. u 

than I was ! i always rus)>c<ite<l jou, bwk tL wa» 

io"s.ii.jtTi.Ti6.i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


with a respect painful to myself. I hud eyes to see 
the holincsa mid beauty of a Christian clmracter,* 
but neither a will to imitate it, nor a heart U) be 
])leaao<l with it. The light of the Father of lights, 
shining in His elect people, is too niur-h for the 
feeble sight of a child of wrath, whose delight is 
to walk in darkness. Ulessed be the tiod of my 
salvation, who in His due time, and in His own 
appointed way, has enabled me to love the brethren, 
and hereby uiveii me evidence of my adoption into 
His blessed family 1 I doubt not you know the 
iiarliculars of my story, how it pleased the Lord to 
lea*! me throuph the waters, and they did not over- 
whelm me; through the fire, and it did not con- 
sume me ; ami why not? Because the blood of the 
Lamb was mercifully interposed between me, anil 
th»l wrath, from which the whole creation of tiod 
would not have screened me for a moment. Oh ! 
that 1 retained iny first love, that it were with me, 
as when I first came forth from the furnace ;l when 
the name of Jesus was like honey and milk upon 
my tongue, and the very sound of it, was iiufficieiii 
to i|uieken and comfort me. Hut 1 am still what I 
ever was, a irhief sinner, and shall be so, while I 
inhabit a boily of death ; an ungrateful, unthankful, 
wrath -provoking sinner. Hut there is abundance 
T grace, and of the gift of righteousiiesfl, for all 
ho are content to lie saved as niich. Wherefore I 
•ay that I may be saved as the worst of the Lord's 
people, as indeed 1 believe I am. 

Sly dear aunt, may the Spirit of Christ, dwelling 
in your heart, continually testify His residence there, 
liy His comforling and jieaceful influences, till at 
length He aliall fill you tor ever with joy unniieak- 
nble and full of glory. Yours over etc. 

Pp. 39-41 :— 

" !H— t— n (Huntingdon), July 10. 1767. 
Letter 2. 

My DKAK ArsT M[AnAN],— We have lost Mr. 
U[nwin]J by a very awful and afiliotive dispen- 
sation. As ne was riding to his cure last Sunday 
morning, his horse took fright, ran away with him 
homeward, and, in a village about a mile off, he 
w«» flung to the ground with such violence, that 
his aouU was fractured in the most desperate 
manner. He lived alKiut four days, contrary t<) 
the expectation of the surgeons, who, at the first 
sight of him, pronounced him within a few hours 
of death ; but we trust there was hope in his latt«r 
end. His senses seemed to be restored to him at 
short intervals, nut only for his own benefit, but 
for the comfort and satisfaction of his friends ; for 
at those times he was enabled to utter truths which 
Viefore, he could never be brought to the belief of. 
He was one of those many poor deluded persons, 
whom Ur. Clarkj haa infected with his Auti- 

• " The case of too many !" 

t Compare ' Olney Hymns.' No. 1, verses 2 and 3 : 
Where is the blessedness 1 knew 

When first 1 saw the Lord? 
Where ia the soul-rcfresliing view 

(Jf JcauB and His word ; 
What )iettoeful hours I once enjoyed ! 

How sweet their memory still ! 
But they have left an aching void 

The world can never fill. 

• »i^i • 1' 'nther of William Cawthoroe 

i Cowper'f Mary. 

christian errors, and consequently denie<l th» 
Divinity of our Lord, and the infinite merit of His 
sufferings.* But ujion his death-bed he was heard 
to say : ".Jesus Christ is tJod, and therefore He oau 
save men." Those words wore frequently in his 
mouth: "very (iod of very <iod and ".fesus 
Clirist died for ua " ; «o that ho seemed to be plead- 
ing these foundation truths against the charges of 
the adversary, Ad an accusing conscience. Surely 
then, we do not vainly flatter ourselves, wheo^ 
we hojie that the Lorcl, though Ho was pleasedi 
to take a dreadful course with hini, yet sealed ■ 
him effectually for His own. By this means »J 
door is opened to us to seek an abode under] 
the sound of the Cospcl. Mrs. U[nwin] haaJ 
determined to do so, thinking it her indi.s{iensablB 
duty. Pray for us, my dear .Aunt, that it may 
j)lease the tiood .Shepherd to lead us by the foot- 
stejis of the llock, and to feed us in His own pasture. 
Kor my soul within me ia sick of the spiritless, 
unedifying ministry at HfuntingdonJ. It is a 
matter of the utmost indifference to us where we 
settle, provided it be within the sound of the glad 
tidings of salvation. 

1 am a sort of adopted son in this family, wheiv, 
Mrs. U[nwin] has always treated me with parental] 
tenderness ; therefore by the Lord's leave I shall 
still continue a member of it. Our aim and end araj 
the same, the means of grace, and the hope of glorv ; 
so that tliere seems to be no reason why we should 

I am, my dear Aunt, 

Yours, I trust, in the only .Saviour, etc. 

Pp. 41-43:— 

Letter 3. 

July IS, 1767. 

I wish, my dear Aunt, that any of my letter 
may be mode as effectual to your consolation, 
your last wos to mine. I had for many days stoc 
in great need of some spiritual refreshment, havin 
walkeil in darkness and found it a trial of my 
utmost strength, to trust ever so little in the Lord, 
and stay uiion my God ; but His mercy is ever 
watchful over us, to pour oil and wine into our 
wounds, either with His own hand or liy tho 
ministry of His faithful servants. 1 know He will 
recompense you for it : for though my prayers arc 
wretched things, and seem to myself, generally, to 
be little more than lip-labour, yet He heari them 

* See 'The Life and Times of .Selina, Countess of 
Huntingdon,' London, 1S44, ii. 141-2; "Mrs. I'nwin 
had always been very fond of reading, and w.i» 
esteemed for superior intelligence; but she had 
been remarkable also for gaiety and viiacity. .She 
soon, notwithstanding, fully entered into Mr. 
Cow)>er'8 religious views, and discovered a ohang 
of character that was far from being agreeable I 

her fashionable ociiuaiiitances Whilst in this' 

retirement it pleased the Almighty to make Mr. 
Cowper instrumental to tho conversion of almost all 
Mr. Cnwin's family. The conseiiucnt alteration of 
their conduct excited the surprise and displensui'e of 
their former intimates, whose round of armisements 
had long been undisturbed by aiipeurniices of 
g:enuine godliness. They regretted that u man 
of Mr. Cowpcr's accomplishments should have been 
spoiled for society by religion ; and. still more, 
that his delupion should have infected a family so 
exlen-^ively connected as Mr. Uawwii'fc ■■h'^x '>>Mt 
polite iuhabitaats." 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [io>» s. u. jcly i«. 190*. 

graoiouily in my own behalf, and will not therefore 
turn away from Iheiu, wliun they arc preferred in 
youra. 1 may nay safely, that 1 know. He hears them, 
becauae I know, by the gift of His free mercy, that I 
have an all-iirevailinK High-Prieat and Intercoaaor 
at His right hand for ever, .Tesus Christ the Right- 
eous. Therefore, though I am nothing, and less 
than nothing, and vanity, yet the oiighty (jod, the 
everUuting Lord, the Creator of flio euda of the 
earth, will hear mo. Oh ! to what privileges are 
worms advanced, and how do the extremes of i>ower 
and, purity and tinfuluesa, meet together, 
by the mediation of the Man Christ Jesus ! The 
Lord give me some sense of His goodness, in this 

wonderful reconciliation ! _ Mr. Newton seems 

Tery desirous of having Mrs. Un n (Unwin) and 

myself for neighlmura, and 1 am sure we should 
think ourselves highly favoured to be committed to 
the care of such a nostor ! May we be enabled to 
hold him in double honour, for his work's sake, 
according to the will of the great Shepherd of us 

all ! I have unfeigned regard for Lady ,* a 

sincere affection, and am tnerefore glad of oppor- 
tunities to lead her thoughts, as far as the Lord 
«faaU enable me, to the things that belong to her 
peace, so that I never write to her without attempt- 
ing it, but there are wide gaps in our correspond- 
ence, which nevertheless proceeds atUsr a fashion. 
I received from her lately a kind invitation to her 

house at ^,t but necessity is laid upon me, and 1 

cannot accept these offers. 

Though she is every thing that is amiable among 
men, yet I fear the veil is u|K)n her heart, for I have 
never heard her srieak .Shibboleth plainly : nor does 
the abundance of her poor heart seem to be what 
it should be. Vet the Lord may have purposes of 
^race towards her, which I beseech Him to manifest 
m His own time. My dear Aunt, how lovely must 
be the spirits of just men mode perfect, since 
K:reature6 so lovely in our eyes, may yet have the 
wrath of God abiding on thcin. The Lord avert it 
from her. and remember her, with the glorioua 
-assembly before His throne forever. 

Your affectionate nephew, etc. etc. 

»JoHN E. B. Mayor. 
(To be continued.) 
In ray collection of Manx inscriptions 
ipublished in the Jilan.c Church Maaazitie, 
No. lu, for October, lOCil, I said that all such 
linscriptiuns are epitaphs. Rut it appears 

• Heskelh. Mrs. Cowi>er's note, ' Character of 

iLady ': See Ipttor from Atniira, p. 2(i (where 

we read): "I love her, I think, most dearly. She 

»has so many good qualities, and, I may add, so mauy 
■ Christian graces, that I often think (as 1 have heard 
•you kindly say) she is too good for the world, which 
• eagro«8«8 so much of her time and thoughts. that 
the woa not only almost, but altogetner a Chris- 
tian I " 
t Freemantle, a villa near Southampton. See 
■ ler's ■ Ijettera,' e<l. Wright, 1904, i. 44 ; letter to 
nesketli, September 4, 1765: " You cannot 
_ ; bow glad I am to hear you are going to corn- 
ice lady and mistress of FreemaaUe you are 

Bd to invite me to it." 

that I was generalizing from imperfect 
knowle<iKe, though that in belter than uonc. 
In a letter dated 20 April, 1,903, the Kev. W. 
lago, of 5, Western Terrace, Bodmin, informs 
me that he copied on IS July, 1S51, in Kirk 
Patrick Churchyard, Isle of Man, an inscrip- 
tion on a sunJial made in the form of a, 
triangle i)erforated so as to protluce the three 
legs of the Manx arms. It i-an thus ; 

. OOONE . CRKCi(.\ . l.IAKE . .1.S . TA . MY . 

hraa; but perhaps the third word began 
with G. On the same dial there were 
also these inscriptions : "' The small and great 
are there, and the servant is free from his 
master," .Job iii. 19; "ut hora sic vita dam 
species fugit." An inscription on a dial, how- 
ever, is but an epitaph on immortal time. 
Does this one still exist] 

Moreover Canon Kewley, editor of that 
magazine, published in the Manx .San for 
14 Sept., ltH)l (at Douglas}, twoepitaphs which 

1 haiJ overlooked in his churchyard at Kirk 
Arbory, by Ballabeg, but he never inserted 
them in tno magazine. For the benefit of 
Keltic-loving students it will be well to give 
them more lasting fame within the shelter of 
a volume of ' N. i Q.' 

1. " Sacred to the memory of John Clarke, who 
departed this life the .'jth of March, 1S(?2, aged .'B 
years. ' I have a desire to dei>art, and to be with 
Christ, which is far better ' (Philipnians i. 23). 'Tb 
me skee jeh'u scihll, as dagb uhee t ayn, as booiagh 
cosney voisb.'" 

These Gaelic words were rendered by 
Canon Kewley thus: "I am tired of the 
world, and everything that is in it, and 
willing to escape from it." 

2. ".Sacred to the memory of Robert Cubbon, of 
Ronague, who departed this life November 21«t. 
1858, aged 84 years :— 

Ta bannagh Vee er Jeiney mie, 
Nyn cadley ayna y joan, 
Cre beagh ny ollyn bwooagh Ihie 
Ayns baas, agh rood va'ii Kione." 

Canon Kewley translated these verses as 
follows : — 

Good men by God are ever blest, 
The dust is nere their bed : 
How glad the members are to rest 
In death, and join the Head. 

He added another version, by the Rev. 
W. C. Bell :- 

How willingly we slumber here ! 
God blesses still the just : 
The way by which the members como 
To join the Head is dust. 

I had already publisiied in the aforesaid 
collection the epitaph of Paul Keig, wlio died 
15 ilay, 1870. Canon Kewley believes it to 
have been composed by Henry Taylor, of 
Erysteiu. It is worth reproducing here, ao 

lo"" 8. u. JcLY 16, 19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


that the merit of Canon Kewley's tranulation 
mfty be appreciated : — 

vraar tou acarrit vooin son tra 
Ny 8III0O cha gUna mayd dy churaa 

Ckoud veea mayd bio avn eill 
(>y( faeya mayd yn thie dy chray 
As rosntyn gys yn boal dy fea 
Raad lice mayd oo veeteil. 

O brother, for a time not near, 
Thv voice no lonifer Bhall we hear. 

While we in Heah reaide : 
Until we leave the hoasa of clay. 
And reach the i)Iace of rest for aye. 

And there wiih thee abide. 

A Itundred years hence philologists will 
value such documento. The Manx lani^uage 
is fast dying out, with its wireless message 
from the prehistoric past of the Northern 
Kelts. The apathy of the Manx people must 
be attributed to the superior advantages for 
commercial purposes, especially outside their 
island, of the world-wide English /-eorla of 
their conquerors. Have any Manx inscrip- 
tions been set up outside the Isle of ^fan 1 

E. S. DoixisoN. 

Winchester Coli^oe Visitation, 1559.— 
Little is known for certain about the Visita- 
tion of the four south-eastern dioceses in this 
year, except the names of the visitors, at 
whose head was William, Marquis of Win- 
cheater (Gee's ' Elizabethan Clergy,' pp. 100-1). 
It appears, however, from 'S. P. Dom., Kliz ,' 
iv. 72, that on 30 June, 1559, the Visitation 
was in progress at Winchester, and that the 
Warden and Fellows of New College and the 
Master of St. Cross, as well as the Dean and 
Chapter, were recalcitrant, and that order 
must be taken against them. This note will 
be restricted to what happened at Winchester 
College. The Warden, Thomas Stempe, D.C.L., 
elected in 1506. and others appear to have 
been imprisoned. For in Machyn's ' Diary,' 
p. 205, we find the entry (anno 1559) :— 

" The XXV day of July, was sant JamcH day, the 
warden of Wytichoater and odur doctura and 
prestea wher delevered out of ihe towro and marael- 
aay and oiiur." 

One of these others was probably Robert 
Reynolds, D.C.L., who was depriveil in this 
year of the prebend of Milton Ecclesia, Lin- 
coln, the mastership of St. Cross, and the 
rectory of Fawley, Hants ('Victoria Hist. 
Hampshire,' ii. 197; Gee, p. 263), but eventually 
conformed ('S. 1'. Dom., Eliz.,' vi. l.'i ; Strj'pe, 
'Ann.,' I. i. 255, 256), as indeed did the 
Wii ' ' ' r his other preferments, 

iti' \> at Winchester CKjllege 

an '>ter Cathedral. The 

III' . ('D.N.B.,' xxviii. 

40;/, a...... ill- •luii.ittiius, John Marshall 

('D.N.B.,' xxxvi. 269), were eventually de- 
prived, but I do not know whether thev were 
imprisoned at this time. Sanders's List of 
1571, printed in Gee, pp. 225 s^i/,, eontainaf 
a gooci many names whicli have not been 
identified, and which, I think (as Sanders was 
a Wykehamist), are very likely the following: 

1. William Atkins = the William Adkins, 
scholar of Winchester 1534, Fellow 1546, 
Canon of Lincoln 1556 to IfiGO. 

2. Thomas Crane = the Fellow of Win- 
chester 1548. A priest and doctor of this 
name arrived at the English College, Rheims, 
from Rome in 1580, then aged about sixty, 
accompanied by William Giblettand Edward 
Bromborough (both Wykehamists) among 
others (Douay Diaries). 

3. John Durston = the Fellow of Win- 
chester 1553, Fellow of Eton 1555, ejected 
from Eton 11 Sept., 1561. 

4. Thomas Hawkin8=the Fellow of Win- 
chester 1555. 

5. Nicholas Langrid^e =^ the Nicholas 
Langrysshe, P'ellow of Winchester 1550. 

The recusant Roger James mentioned in 
Strype, 'Ann.,' II. ii. 596-7, may be tho 
Fellow of Winchester elected in 1540, and 
possibly the Ricardus Jacobi of Sanders. 

Some of the above probably were Fellows 
still in 1559, and accompanied the Warden 
to prison. Any light on them would be wel- 
come. John B. Wainewbiuht. 

Sir Walter Scott's Mtrsio Master. — 
Although it is on record that, at certain 
Galashiels festivities, Scott used to chant 
' Tarry Woo ' with captivating zest and appre- 
ciation, it is tho case that he was anything 
but an accomplished musician. He is him- 
self the authority on this point, for in the 
autobiographical fragment prefixed to Lock- 
hart's ' Lite ' he says that he could never 
manage to sing, although when youn^ and 
receptive ho was given tho opportunity of 
learning. " My mother," he says, " was 
anxious we should at least learn Psalmody : 
but the incurable defects of my voice ana 
ear soon drove my teacher to despair." To 
this teacher he pays a warm tribute in a foot- 
note, crediting him with ample professional 
ability and accomplishment, but expressing 
surprise at the pei-sisteucy with which he 
held to the contention that, if his pupil did 
not understand music, it was because he did 
not choose to learn it. The singing-lessons, 
on Scott's showing, roust have had a thrilling 
efiFect. "When he attended us in George's 
Square," the afi"ectionate pupil recalls, "our 
neighbour, Ladv Cummiug, sent to haife Omi 
boys might not W *.V\. ^Vsitj^A. \>x<siiv»J^'4 »*- ''i'*' 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo^ s. ii. Jri.v la. iam. 

lir, as, though she had no doubt the 
lent was tleserved, t)ie noise of the 
was really dreadful. " Alexander 
ll (author of ' An Introductiou t« tho 
] of Poetry in Scotland ') was the 

I tutor, and in the * Life,' chap, iii.. 
It refers to htm as the editor of 

Anthology.' Scott makes special 

to the author's work |A Tour in 

\,' and he euloKtiiea him as "an 

St in Scottish music," which, lie 

|ie sAag most beautifully." There are 

aferences to him in Scott's 'Familiar 

Na doubt, e.ff., lie is the mu.sician 

led in the letter to Terry, in i. 365, 

|ie subject in the dramatized version 

MannerinK.' AKain, in a letter to 

ercorn, at p. 374 of the name volume, 

efinitely described as " a poor man 

^mpbelf, a decay 'd artist and musician, 

to teach me music many years 

fhe index to the ' Familiar Ijetter.-) ' 

references to these passages under 

tie of Thomas Gampuell, author of 

^■asure^ of Hope.' The allusion in the 

I Lady Abercorn will cause no troubles, 

inexpert reader may have some 

about tiie authoritative person, 

aamed Campbell, who is associated 

I songs included in Terry's version of 

|annerinf;.' There is a good account 

Ipbell in ChanilMrs'ts ' Bio j;rapl deal 

]iry of Eminent Scot'«nien.' 

Thomas Bayxe. 

U'liEUKALiA." (See T'*" S. iv. 100 ; 8"' 

l.l,)— Un two occasions I have drawn 

to the inaccurate use of this word, 

|iould liave been restricted to its legal 

When tbo error first carao into our 

|e i do not know. The earliest exam jtlc 

II the 'H.E.D.' is 173C, a quotation 
|elding's ' I'tt-squin.' I have recently 
Ion the following modern aperimons, 

may be well to record in ' 5J", & Q,' : 

he iiarniiliernalia oF wuiilth and rank."— 
leatt of Midlotliian,' i:lia|>. 1. 
lain irate ]iiiriit>hur[ia1iii o( our jury eyatcm." 
f'-M Augui't, IHiiG, u. ML 
lucisl ciiiilunia and the matmal iMra]>lipr. 

lndo-(;«rmiinii: civiliKalion."'~.4'/i'iir( iim, 

Jfll.I.. 717. 

laggona cont.iiuing liie peij into tic jmrji- 
of the Iii.Hir (?overjiiiie^t,' — Quart f.rl if 
IfiD., ItlW, ll. mra, 
|ho rest, of tlie iiaraphcnmlia of political 

" — .r. Morlcy, 'Life of (Jladatone,' vol. ii. 

fttraithenialia of rhetoric."— /'k*'/., ii. 3n.'l, 
K. P. D. E. 

FF OF Ear [.E.— On Whitsun Tuesday 
|pened, after restoration, the ancient 

church of Eagle, near Lincoln, formerly a hoi 
ing of the Umer of St. .lohn of Jerusalem, tl 
modern and existing representatives of whi 
largely contributed to the building's i^epai 
It appears, according to the Cfturrk Tim 
that the Manor of liiagle anciently boast 
three dignities — Comniaiider, Preceptor, a 
Haihff. The first two ottices have lapsed, \ 
the Uaililf survives, and the present Baili£ 
the Duke of Connaught. pKANcia KiSG 

MusijUA?;!!.— This name of a well-kno 
fur-bearing rodent must soon come up 
treatment in tho 'N.K.U.' I wish to po 
out that the earliest writer who uses it, 
redoubtable Capt. John Smith, ban ib in 1 
forms, and that he does not mix these, 
always writes ninMiscua in tlioae of his lira 
which relate to Virginia (c.?/., Artei-'s ed,, p. 
and iiiusi/u'.isisiin in those t^lating to ^ 
England (r.rj., Ari)er, p. 731). The first spell 
belongs, therefore, to tlie Powhatan, 
language of the Virginian Indians ; but 
latter, according to the lato Ur. Trumbull 
his ' Xatick Dictionary ' (posthumously p 
lished, 1UI)3}, is deiived from the two Nat 
words mttx'juc, red, and oi<i(ii, animal. I m 
confess that this etyraohigy seems to 
unconvincing. It is only half supported 
iiiunkii'fun, the Abnaki name of tlie qa 
raped, which may mean " it is red " ( 
Hasles, 'Abnaki Diet.,' ItiOl). On the at 
hand, we can extract no such sense from 
Powhatan synonym, musi'iscus, given 
Smith, and still less from il'mmskug, ■vrh 
(according to Brinton and Anthony) ig 
Delaware equivalent, and is pronouuced ' 
the city in .Syria. 1 fear all wecan say "v 
certainty of this term is that it in comi 
to several of the Algonkin dialects. 

J, Platt, Ju] 

'GoijMAVE THE Kix>i.'— The origin of 
music of 'God save the King ' (or Queen) 
often Ijeen discussed. The Gil Itlat of F 
for :iJune gives some news on the sub 
which may perhaps be worth recording 
' N. A Q.' The woi-ds of the hymn are infe 
to the music. Tlie same remark is true of 
famous ' Gernikako Arbola,' the racial antl 
of all the liaiiks, the very title of which i 
claims their subjection, as it employs 
Latin urb'tr, instead of one of the many nat 
names for tvte, 

"II arrive ii I'hymne aiiRlaiii na God «n(ra 
Kinij, line facliuune iiiti>a venture. L'air de cet hyi 
eHt ] lureiiieiit ct sijiL)>1eMiL>[] t iiu f lUj^at, pflut-^trai 
iiuc le (.■□ii>)iositcU['s'en soit jaiiiuiBdautd. la'otlgj 
ilatu iiu \\' sM'cXo. i)\\ vieiit de dc<souvrtr, diuu 
nianuKcrit envoyu r^cciiiment k la BibbotilA 
nation ale d'Atlii'nes, 1' by nine de Constaatla ^ 
loKu^i Ib dernier eoipereur de Byunctt. I« ti 

10* a iL July i«. 1004.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



est accompaRni' de Ik inusicjuu l- ; un pro- 

fesseiir lie muiiiiiuc rcliKJt'ute <1 \ i fail la 

tr&nacriptioii, et la ni6l<>ilie a ili- . itialoKJea 

Lavec I'ftir du Go'l «aiv ihi King, iju un I'tiiiteiinant 

'on uroirait oulr I'hyiiine anKlaiv. Or, le manuBorit 

' est Ae U50. On iToy»il jimm'ici gue le llod nart 

tilt Kino Ha.\\, enipriiulv a Liilli, Tout tiait par ae 



KocKALL.— The bibliography of this Flying 
Dutchman will be found S"- S. x. 157. 

Medic' iJLi's. 

Fl.vxt "-ED."— In Mr. Honry RratHey's 
intereatiog book 'The Making of English,' 
1904, p. 50, writing of the "movement 
towards monosyllfibisin oontinue<l even into 
the nineteenth century," the author adds that 
"within the memory of living persons it was 
still usual in tlie reading of tne Bible or the 
Liturgy to make twd syllables of such words 
as loved and cluingetl, wljich are now pro- 
nounced in one syllable." Perhaps Mr. 
Bradley's church-going has not been much 
varied, but he ought to know that there are 
now not a few clergy lold-fashioned. but not 
necessarily old-age<T) who always deliberately 
make a separate syllable of this tinal "-ed." 
To some modern ears it sounds (iedantic, but 
the niodern way to them seems slovenly, 
colloquial, almost irreverent. I shall never 
forget my astonishment on hearing an 
educated man speak of " ragg'd schools." It 
has even been suggested that we might say 
" when the wick'd man." VV. C. B. 

Poetical Curiosity. — VValther von der 
Vogelweide, the Middle High Oeriaan Minne- 
singer, was sometimes guiltv of playing with 
the form and the rimes al his verses. For 
instance, ho wrote one poem of five stanzas 
of seven lines each, in which the rimes of 
each one of the five stanzas are upon one of 
the five vowels a, i, /, o, a fcp. Bartsch's 
edition, pp. 8 and 9). More interesting, how- 
ever, is another poem of five stanzas (cp. 
Bartsch, 2«1 and 282;, each of which reads 
the same both ways, forward or backward. 
As summing up the gorxi advice of the poem, 
I quote the last stanxa : — 

Htietet wol der ilrier 

I.*i<ier al/u frier: 

Ziin^M oiieen ciren aint 

l>ii:Ue scliiilehttft, /.'Oreu lilint, 

Ihi'ko ecbKlcliBft, /'i'tcii blint 

Zungen ouKeii uren aint: 

Leider alze frier 

Hiietet wol der drier. 

Charles Bundy Wiwon. 
St»t« University of Iowa, Iowa City. 

loNA Cathedral.— Aa I have lately been 
at lona, it may interest readers of "N. & Q.' 

to learn that substantial progress has been 
made with the restoration of the cathedral 
there. The choir, south aisle, and south 
transept have l>eeu roofed, and the windows 
glazed, while the square tower has i>ecn 
roofed. We were informed that it is intendefl 
to roof the sacristy (on north side of choir), 
atifl complete and roof the north transept. 
With that, however, the work will have to 
stop, unless additional funds are forthcoming. 

The work appears to be done in a plain, 
substantial manner, and although at first 
sight the colour of the slates is a little 
objectionable, this will no doubt lone down 
in time. On the whole, I think the committee 
are to be congratulated on the result of their 
efforts so far, and it is to be hopefl that the 
completion of their task will not be long 
delaye<l owing to want of funds. 

The island of lona contains a number of 
interesting remains in the shape of ancient 
memorial stones, ic. These are valuable Iwth 
from an artistic and an archaeological point 
of view, and I think it is a pity they should 
bo left, as at pre-sent, exposed to the weather. 
Surely it would not cost much to erect a 
shelter of some sort over the large collection 
of such stones in the churchyard round St. 
Orau'a Chapel. T. F. D. 


We must reiiaeat correspondents desiriuK in- 
formatiou on family matters of only private iotereat 
to affix their iianiea and addre^aea to their queries, 
in order that the answera may lie addressed to them 

Heutford Coi'NTY Bio<;RAfUY. — I am 
dejiirous of preparing a aolieme for a dic- 
tionary of Hertfordshire biography, taking 
as a model the ' Dictionary of National Bio- 
graphy.' Can correspondents suggest some 
elementary rtdes for compiling this which 
could be circulated among the workers? 

W. B. Gerisd. 

Bisbop'a glortford, Herta. 

Thomas Dirros.— There lies before me a 
MS. volume of 2(J4 pages, containing a tran- 
script of 17H hymns and devotional odes, to li 
each of which are prefixed a date and the \\ 
name of a place. The dates run from 
14 November, ITlo, to () August, 1712. The 
series of places U-gins with Eilinburgh ; con- 
tinuesthrough CorsUirphine.Stirling, Kilsyth, 
Glasgow (in the Tollxioth there 1 to .'i Decem- 
ber, 1710), Stirling, Edinburgh, Barnes, Dun- 
dee, Montrose, Alwrdeen (12 March to 
16 May, 1711. including visits Ui f \<.<\-.-.'«v«a %.\n^- 
Inverurie), (iU^'\ita.u%, Vi\AiVkcS\\xt, >Jv5sv!^.i<ar*«., 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio^ s. ii. Jm.v w. i»t 

Bamet, Eilinburgli, Glasgow, Edinburgh. 
Barnes, Montrotie, Harneti, Edinbnrgli ; and 
ends with London (13 March to 6 August^ 
1712). From entries on 8ome loose leaves 
preserved in the same volume it appears that 
the sequence of places represents the itinerary 
of an evangelizing tour carried out by Thomas 
DuttOD. Who was hut I quote two speci- 
mens of (what I presume is) his composition : 
"May IG, 1711. Aberdeen. This was immediately 
before they weal to the itreet of Aberdeen. 
\Ve now do render thaolca, O Lord, to lliee. 
Who us host made iliy Love and Puw'r to *ee. 
And Faithfulneta ; thou dost thy word fultill. 
And atreuRtbeaa us for to perform thy will. 
We'l therefore now our ohearful voices raise 
In new and heav'niy songs of Divine Praise. 
We'l henceforth, Lord, believe what thou dost 

We will believe that thou 'It this Pow'r display, 
And wilt fulfill what thou by usshalt speak thia 

" Friday, March 30, 1711. Pit6chie. 


Amazement fills the Heav'na ! The Sp'rits above 
Are itrucic with aw when they do pry 
Into this wondrous mystery. 

They acaroe believe that it is true. 
When they behold the God of Light and I^ve 
Ou an accursed tree to dy. 

They can't trust their eyes with the view; 
The spectacle 'a ao strange and new 
That ev'n when their amazed eyes do it behold, 
They do forget that it was prophesy'd of old," 

And 80 on for other nine stanzas. 

To a very few entries are appended notes, 
which may help in identification. Thus — 

"May I'i, 1711. Aberdeen. The night before he 
went and spoke in the Cliurch." 

"October "Jl), 1711. Montrose, This was expla- 
natory of a sign then acted." 

" April 14, 1712. To M. K. At a meeting of the 

" June 'It, 1712. London. This was spoke to 
Mrs. Harris and attended with signs suitable to the 
words spoken " 

"July 4, 1712. London. After a blessing to J, C. 
thro' M. K. encouraging hini to obey the command 
then given of going to K. Paul's." 

From the uniform appearance of the MS. 
it would seem to have V>een a copy written 
continuously, not at the dilFereut dates which 
head the entries. But the copy must have 
been little later than the originals, the hand 
being that of the period. P. J. ANUBitaoN, 

University Library, Aberdeen. 

Sir Gilbert Etuor'a Death.— The follow- 
ing is an interesting puzzle in necrology. 
According to Musgravea 'Obituary,' Sir 
Gilbert Elliot, thini baronet of Minto, died 
2 Feb., 1777, reference Ijeing made in support 
of this date to the ' Annual Register, 226 ; 
London Mag., 110; and Scott Mag., 54. On 

looking up these authorities, I find Um 
' Annual Register ' gives as the dale of death 
between 1-J and 25 Jan., 1777; the Gmt. Mag., 
1 Feb., 1777 ; and the Sniti J/a./., — .Jan , 1777. 
Again, Foster, in his ' Members of I'arlia- 
ment,' gives the date as 11 Feb., 1777 ; in tho 
'Annals of a Border Club' it appestra mm 
7 Jan, ; while in the ' Diet. Nat. Hioi:.' and 
•The Border Elliots' the date : •«m 

as 11 Jan, Which date is to be u 

GkOKOE teTliuN.».tU. 

FROM Fr.AXCB." — Can any reader give me 
information about a song of which the above 
is the opening line? I quote (it may be 
wrongly) all I can remember, but there were 
other lines. About thirty -five years »go 
children used to sing it in chorus, marching 
round in a circle at the time : — 
\ ahoulder of mutton brought home from FranDe» 

Li Li Li, Le La Li, 
They killed a man when he was dead, 

Li Li, Jcc. 
And they went to St, Paul's to look for hil M 

Li Li, &c., 
Within hia head there was a spring, 

Li Li, ftc. 
And forty big fiabes were swiniaiiug therem, 

Li Li Li, I^ I.a Li, 



"Tropeswut": "Tropenkoller."— I havej 
in vain tried to find an English translation i 
for these German expressions. Can any i 
reader of ' N. i l^.' give the recognized or any i 
translation that would be intelligible without] 
commentary? X. W, Tho.mas. 1 

[The C.rieb-Schnier tenth edition defines Tropeti- 
MUr as "tropical frenry," which is much briefer 
than " frenzy produced by tho heat of the tro)>ic«," 
the rendering m Muret -Sanders.] 

Hewett Fa.mily, — I should l)e much j 
obliged if any of your readers coulcl give 
me any information relative to the history 
of the above family, more particularly aboat 
any branch which probably settled in North 
Leicestershire about tho beginning of the I 
sixteentli century. Has any book been pub- , 
lished, privately or otherwise, dealing with 
this family ? Cuarlk.s E. Hewitt. 

20, Cyril Mansions, Batteraea Park, S. W. 

At)AM Zad.— What ia Zad done into £ag<| 
lish, and of what tongue is the word t 

J, P, Stilwell. 
Hilfield, Yateley.l 

Skeletons at FtrNERALs.— Jesse, in bis 
' Memoirs of the Pretenders ' (p. 5.3), says that 
at the lying in state of James Stuart, the Old 
Pretender (o6, 17B6), "the church was illumi» 


Uitl J 

10" s. u. JrLY 16. 1901.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




Dated by a number of chandeliers, besides 
wax-tapers held by skeletons." Was this 
customary in the eighteenth century 1 

W. E. VViLsoK. 

Morlakd's Grave. — Has any monuraent 
ever been erected over the crave of this great 
painter in St. James's Chapel, Hanipstcad 
ItcMid? He was buried there in 1804, and 
some twenty years since it wa.s proposed to 
mark the spot by a suitable memorial. 
Perhaps some reader of ' N. <k Q.' can tell 
me if this plan was ever carried out, and aUo 
it any other memorial exists to Morland. 
Frkdbkick T. Hibuame. 

DicKENSiAN London. — NVliere can I find 
an illustration of No. 3, Chandos Street, 
Strand, as it was previous to 1869, in which 
year the house was demolished to make room 
tor an extension of the Civil Service Stores ] 
Warren's blacking warehouse, in which 
Dickens worked, was removed to this house 
from Hungerford Market. I should also be 
glad to know if a view exists showing No. 4, 
Gower Street North. T. W. T. 

Bronte Family.— As one of the founders 
of the Bronti- Society, I should like to ask if 
it is known as an absolute fact that the 
family is totally extinct. The impression 
seems to be that there is positively no relative 
of the Rev. Patrick Bronte living (excepting 
his son-in-law, the Ilev. A. B. Nicholls. of co. 
Down). A chemist of this name, who was 
formerly in business in South Africa, has 
recently died in New Zealand, and I am 
desirous of knowing if he was in any way 
connected with the Brontt^s of Hawortn. 

Chas. F. Forshaw, LL.D. 


S. HowiTT, Painter. — Was there any 
8. Howitt other than Samuel, wiio appears 
in Bryan's ' Dictionary of Painters and 
Engravers,' born about 1765, died 18221 He 
app>ears to have produced mainly oil paint- 
ings of wild animals, hunting scenes, and the 
like. In Pickering &, Chatto's catalogue 
' Sports. Pastimes, Arts, Sciences,' recently 
issued, are tbe items (6.')9, CCO) : — 

"A New Work of Animals containine One 

Hundred Plate*, drawn from the Life und Ktched 

by Bamuel Howitt l..oudon IMII. First 


"The British Snortaman by Samnel Howitt, 

containing Seventy Plates. London 1812, Firat 


I have a pair of water-colour drawings 
signed S. Howitt, sized \0k in. by 8i in. They 
views of parts of a mined abbey or 

church. There is nothing written on front 
or back which would identify the ruins. In 
the foreground of one is a man in breeches, 
stockings, iic, with a gun and two dogs ; 
in the foreground of the other is a cow 
awkwardly drawn. With that exception 
both pictures are good. Their style, colours, 
itc. would apparently place them well before 
1822. The signatures are in printing letter^ 
in each case on a stone in the picture. I 
shall l>e glad of any information about the 
pictures, or about the artist, other than what 
IS to be found in Bryan or in the ' Dictionary 
of National Biography,' «.i/. 'Samuel Howitt. 
Robert Pieri-oint. 
[Between 178,1 and 1815 he exhibited three paint- 
ings at the Society of Artists', teti at the Koyal 
Academy, and three at other exnibitiona. bee 
tfraves's ' Dictionary of Artiata.'] 

Authors ok Quotations Wanted.— 
1. Pitt had a great future behind him. 
'2. Have you any reliKiou ? None to speak of. 
:<. Instinct is untauBhl ability. 

4. Meditation is the science of the samts. 

5. A crank is a little thing that makes revolutions. 


Tkoopino the Colours. — I remember 
reading somewhere that the Prince llegent 
{or George IV.) invented an intricate military 
raanci'uvre, bearing the above designation, in 
order to test, or to ensure, the sobnety of the 
oflicers of the Guards at ten o'clock in the 
morning in that hard-drinking age. It is 
now usually called "Trooping the Colour, in 
the singular. In the Timen of 28 June, p. 9, 
col. fi, the headline to the last paragraph 
runs : " The Prince and the Troop of the 
Colour." What is the meaning of the last 
variant? ,,_ 

The 'Century Dictionary' says: "Troop- 
ing the Colors, in the British Army, an 
elaborate ceremony performed at the public 
mounting of garrison guards." Is this 
correct? A. D. JoNBS. 


Sir Huoo Meionell, 1363. -Who was the 
wife of Sir Hugo Meignell, or Meynell, who 
died in 1303 ? Nichols (' History of Leicester- 
shire,' ii. 531-2) says that he married Alice, 
daughter of Ralph, Lord Basset of Drayton, 
and cousin and heir of Roger de Verdon ; 
and in another place that he married Alice 
de Verdon. Dugdale says that he married 
the widow of lialph. Lord Basset. A Plea Roll 
abstracted in the William Salt ' Historical 
Collections,' xii. 54-55, states that Ralph 
Basset, of Drayton, granted the manor of 
Rakedale to Ralph his son and to Alice Im 


L.OIO l« IlAlph ...o ow„ 

and the hevra ol VWvt \«^vw>, «»». ^*>^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no"- s. ii. jllv lo, iom. 

«»ai(i Alico was now wife of Hugh de Me^g- 
|Oiil. Chivftlor (Placita de Banco, Trinity, 
MO Kdward III., ra. 71). Tliis look* an if 
ll)ugdale'8 statemeut wa>j correct. But who 
|twere Alice's father and rautlier ? And how 
y/AD she cousio and heireiia of Hoger de 
Verdon ? W. G. D. F. 

PuBLisiiERs' Catalooues.— Some years ago 
in litbliofmi/ifiici, a quarterly now regrettably 
|defunct, the question was raised, What is the 
irliest known catalogue of publications, 
Faffixod at the end of a book? I'rof. Arlier 
juoted Philemon Slejihens, 1056, and I cannot 
trace any other replies to the query, yet there 
are several earlier lists. 

A notable instance is tliat at the end of the 
first e<iition of Edmund Waller's ' Poeras,' 
"Printeci by T. W. for Humphrey ilosley, 
IG'l.'J," Svo. Readers will aid the cause of 
bibliography considerably by multiplying 
instances. Wm. Jaocard. 

130, Canning Street, Liveri>ool. 

Gordon Epitaph.— A friend, quoting from 
a newspaper transcript of many years ago, 
gives me the following epitaph :— 

Here lie.i tlm Iwily of Josepli (inninn, 

VVlio liaci inoulli almiulity nnd teeth according ; 

8( runner, tread ligiilly o'er this sod. 

For if he gapea you 're none, hy CJoH. 

Where is it to be found ! Is it Jteading 1 

J. M. fiULLOCB. 
IIM, Pall Mall. 

Onn Wk;.— About 17B0 an author quoteti 
in Calcutta Revictc, xxxv. 219, describes how 
the " Nabob Siddert Alley " gave an order to 
a peruke-maker for a set of wigs, including 
"scratches, cut wigs, and curled oobs, Queue.s, 
JIaiors, and Ramillies." Where can I find 
a (fescriptiiin of these varieties of wigs ? I 
cannot fand the Obb in * N.E.D.' 

[Can M) wigB be aieant?] 

SiLVKtt BoimuET- Holder.— What is the 
probable date of a beautifully chased silver 
bouquet-holder which has no hall-marks, and 
•was evidently made before such marks were 
compulsory in Scotland ? The thistle is pro- 
dorainant, the other emblem being something 
like a marguerite. I shoulii say it was made 
on the occasion of some Scottish marriage 
with a bride of another country ; or could it 
possibly lie when Mary, t^ueen of Scot*, was 
married to the Dauphin of France? In 
; that c.%80 would not the second llower have 
been the /lour de-lia? C. & T. 

BVROS: BiKON.-On what date did the 
ByroD-Btron controversy occur 1 

KiciiAED Ueumjxq. 


(9"- S. xii. 141, .330 ; 10"' S. i. 52, 13o, 433, 49B.) 

Die 0. Kkueger, at the penultimate 
reference, reojjens the question of ihe pro- 
nunciation of this name. So perhaps I may 
be permitted to add a few words to what! 
have already written upon the subject. 

Mrs. Barbauld writes, and, so far as my 
researches go, truly writes, with reference to 
Flichardsons novel as follows, in her 'Life 
of Mr. Richardson ' prefixed to hor edition 
of liis ' Correspondence ' (London, lfiO-1), 
p. Ixxviii : — 

" It may be worth mentioning that this novel 

chiiuKed llie |iruiiuiicialiOD of the twi! ^" la, 
which ln.'fore wim jironoiioccd l*ani<-l i s 

from that line of ['>>i>o [Kpiatle ix., to A: ua 

KlouiiC ; ' I'opc's VVorks,' vol. iji. ji. 2\i), edition 
KIwiu and Courthoiic, Loudon. 1SS1=vd1. it. p. 163, 
edition I'iokeriug, London, 1851], 

The gods to curse Pamela with her firayers." 

I repeat what I have already said (9"" S. 

xii. 141), that there is no clue in Sitlney's 

'Arcadia,' wiience originally the name .seem.i 

U) have sprung, as to the pronunciatiim of 

the second syllable. But Col. Pkideaux 

(9"^'' S. xii. 330) has produced " contemporary " 

evidence in favour of PamiOa from Drayton. 

To which I will now add Sir. John Meiinisand 

James Smith in the ' ^lusarum Deliciie ' (p. 32 

oi S. C. Hotton's reprint, the original edition 

being of IGriG). with whom "a description of 

three Beauties" opens with the couplet : — 

I'hiloelea and Pani.iU tweet, 

liy ohaiive in one grvnl house did meet. 

The pronunciation is also evidently that of 
But Mrs. Barbauld goes on :— 

'" Aaron Hill thus writes about it : ' I have made ' 
(viz., in some conimeudatory verses he wrote u|K)n 
the occasion) ' the > short in your PaninU ; I oliRervs 
it is 80 in her own pretty verses nt ]>arting. I am 
for deriving her name from her qualities, only that 
the Creek 'rut and /iiAot allude much too faintly 
to the all-reai'hing extent of her sweetness,' and he 
adds, ' that Mr. Pope has taught half the women in 
Kngland to iironouuco it wrong.'" 

With reference to the last mrt of Aaron 
Hill's remarks, Dr. Kbiikoei: asKs for informa- 
tion as to its context. I cannot satisfy him. 
1 do not find it in any of Aaroti Uill'ii 
letters given in Mrs. Burbauld's collection of 
I{ichards<m's 'Correspondence' (vol. i. PP. 
1-1.32), or in the 'Works of Aaron iJiJl' 
(London, -I vols., 1704). Hut the former of 
these collections is cerfAJul}' incomplete ; and 
the home of the letter which is wanted may 
bu found to bo the Forster Collection of 


10* s. n. jcLv 16, 1901,] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


the Kichnrdsou Corresp>oudeuco at Soutli 


The "'commendatory verses" mentioned 

llrs. Uarbauld are those referred to in my 

riginal not« (Q"' S. xii. Ul, sub-sec. 4). They 

are also to he found iu Aaron Hill's ' Works' 

(vol. iii. p. 348). 

It seems fairly evident from what Mrs. 
Birbauld says — especially when there is 
taken into account Fielding'.s quasi-protest 
mentioned in my note above, sec. 4 — that 
Richardson, possibly or probably ignoraiftly, 
but in fact, innovated upon the old pronun- 
ciation of the name and made it " Pamela " ; 
and that then his adulator Aaron Hill 
supported him, and invented a fanciful 
pseudo-classical substratum for this their 
oint wrongheadedoess ; and that finally the 
popularity which followed the publication of 
ilie novel gave a general coufirraanco in the 
same direction. 

I am sorry to find a scholar like Mr. Court- 
hope (uii supra) tacitly accepting the false 
classicism, writing as he does : — 
" The ordinary pronuuciation of the name is 
[amtMa from the Greek ir<ii' ftikoi. The name of 
'ii:liai claim's lieroine has always been pronounced 
thai way It is ditlicult to see what the name 
n have meant iiroDOiiuceil as in Pope's verse." 

Its ignorance — possible or probable — is 
.ichar Json's ; its fancifulncsa is Aaron Hill's ; 
its falsity, as I have already said in my 
former note (sec. 4) with reference to Mb. 
T. J. Cuckton's acceptance of the same kind 
of theory, is in my judgment shown by the 
fact that "it would have required the 
spelling Pammela with a double tu." And I 
ay add timl in the only modern Greek 
iaptation of the novel with which I am 
acquainted— viz., a translation of Goldoni's 
'Pamela Fanciulla,' bv Polyzoes Ijampanit- 
I^Hsiotcs, entitled i) dpir'ij Tij? lIujiuAas (ed. 1, 
^Wienna, 1791 ; ed. 2, Venice, IfSOG)— the name 
^^p spelt throughout as Ila/WXcx, with a 
^Bingle II. 

^r Tlie following list— which is probably not 

exhaustive — of Ixioks founded directly or 

indirectly on the novel will give an idea of 

the confusion as to the pronunciation of the 

^^name which resulted — presumably — from 

^^fiichardson's idiosyncrasy in the matter : — 

B (1) ^Voclw. 

^^H Ooldoni'a only two — jxice Mrs. Rarbauld— 
^^somedies : 'Pamela Fanciulla' and 'Pamela 
[ MaritaU' (1749-50). 

Voltaire's ' Nanine, ou le Prt'juge Vaincu' 

D'Amaud's 'Fanni,oula Nouvelle Pamela': 
istoire Annlaise (Paris, 17C7).— The preface I 
this spoke of the work as having been | 

J 8P« 


originally published in Le Ducoweur in 
17C2, un(ler the title of ' Nancy ou la Nouvelle 

'Pamela' : in fiiuf Aufzugen (Bremen, 1768). 
— A prose Gorman translation of Nivelle de 
la Cnauss(^e's play mentioned below. 

(2) PamHa. 

'CancioQ Nuova, La Pamela' (Barcelona, 

'A mais heroica virtude ou a virtuosa 
Paraella' (Lislioa, 1760).— This is described 
as having been ''composta no idioma Itali- 
ano " — a reference to Goldoni'a ' Pamela 
Fanciulla' — "e traduzida" — with alterations 
— "ao gusto portuguez." Here not only is 
the second syllable lengthened, but the I is 
doubled, as in the case mentioned by Mk. 
C. S. T.VVLOR (gii" S. xii. .330). In scene ii. 
we find the following amongst other rhymes : 

Deixa que a ardonte chama 

Que nie abraza, belliasima I'amella, 

MitiKue neua niAo nevada e bella. 

'Pamela ; or, the Fair Impostor' (1744). — 
Cited by Mb. Robert Pierpoint in lO"" S. i. 

(3) Patitela (with occasioiuill>/ »w»* of an 
aecml on thi_fiii( syllable). 
' Pamela.' Comi-die en vers et en cinq 
actes. By Pierre Claude Nivelle de la 
Chaussee (1777). 

Thus, iu act i. scene 1, we find such lines 

Je viens, sans en avoir I'aven de PamiiU. 
tiouvent pour lui |iarler, Panu-la so d^robe. 

* La bella Inglesa Pamela en estado de 
soltera,' and ' La bella Inglesa Pamela en 
estado do casada,' both of Valencia (179<t), 
and being translations of Goldoni's two 

Thus, in act iii. of the former we find : — 

De Pamela el iiadre en casa. 
l>6cid ii Pamela que 

'Pamela nubile,' which is anonymous, but 
described on its title-page as a " Farsa in 
musica da rappresentarsi nel teatro nuovo in 
Padua La Fiera del kianto dell' auno 1810." 
Thus, scene 6 : — 
Vedru Pamela ad un mio servo in braccio? 
but scene 7 : — 

K un atfiire Pamela. 

(4) P'lmHn. 
'Pamela, oula vertu n-compens^e '(Londres. 
1741).— A prose translation into French of 
the opening parts of the novel, anonymous 
in fact, but probably the work of A. F. Prevost 
d'Exiles. In vol. i. p. 249 of this we have 
a poetical rendering of tlva N««Mk "va. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io«»8.iLJcLrii>. 

1901. 1 

■letter xxxi., which are referred to in my note 
r above, sec. 3. They begin thun : — 
Mes chers eompagnona d« aervioe, 
De votre V^mHa. reoerez les adienx : 
Dana I'&rt des vers elle eat novice, 
Mu* Dalle autre liu moiiu oe vous aimera mienx. 

And another quatrain ends with the line : — 
Pour votre Para<!-la {ormei'. les mt-mea va-ux. 

The rhythm of the lines in which the name 

occurs appears to be anapaestic, and the name 

accordingly so pronounceable, i.e., Pamela. 

* Pamela en France, ou la vertu niieux 

I eprouvee ' : a comedy in verse by Louis de 

IBoissy (1743). 

Beranger'a ' Abbesse ' mentioned in my 
note in 10* S. i. 52 ; and Mr. Pkkford's 
Latin poem referred to in the same place. 

Neither the prose play by James Dance, 
Otherwise Love, entitled ' Pamela' (Lond., 
1741), nor BickerstafTs musical comedy, 'The 
Maid of the Mill ' (1765), gives any direct clue 
to the pronunciation of tne name. But it is 
significantly in favour of that with the short 
e, that in the epilogue of the former occurs 
the abbreviation " Pammy " — 

And like hia Paniniy conquer vice or die — 
(on which Mb. S. G. Ould's note— 10^ S. i- 
52 — is in point), and in the latter the heroine's 
name is " Patty." 

The name in the modern Greek play, to 
■which I have already referred, really points 
in the same direction ; but the presence of 
the accent on the t connotes something of 
» stress open it 

But Dk. Krueger (ii6i »u/>j-a) says : "One 
question remains. Did Pope pronounce the 
accented syllable [that is, the seoond] as he 
did tea, or as we should nowadays 1 " 

With the greatest respect, 1 should have 
thought that no such question could possibly 
have arisen. The question is not that of the 
pronunciation of a word " Pameala," but that 
of "Pamela." 

Moreover, Pope's own pronunciation of the 
word " tea " might be a question difficult of 
•olution. In the 'Rape of the Lock,' i. 61, 
he rhvmes it with "away," and in >'>. iii. 7, 
with *'' obey "; in ' The Basset Table,' 27 (if, in- 
deed, he and not Lady Mary Wortley Montagu 
was the writer), with "stay." But in the 
last-mentioned poem, v. HI, we find it linked 
with "decree":— 

The unutT-box to Cordelia I decree : 

Now leave complaining, and begin your tea. 

The pronunciation of the word in the 
'Epistle to Mrs. Teresa Blount,' — 

To part ber time 'twixt reading and bohea. 
To miue and apill her aolitary tea,— 

may possibly be quoted in the same coo 


The aflfected pronuni 
bably only a piece of th. '..■•' 

Gallicism of tne day. 

RicHAEi> HoBTOx SutTn. 

Athenieum Club. 

[La ('hauasiVa 'Pamela.' mentioned ttnder Hi, 
wiu damned 6 I '■" - ' - i"(" ■-' - n ^ asttiag, 
**C(>riinieiil vu i% vrng 

the «us«er, "J. ' n . ou- 

la Vertu KiconipeuMi^. ' a cuiiieiiy lu ! .ldu 

in verao, by Kranvois N'eiifclialeau, ^ at 

the Krani;ai«, and wa» in ■■■■.•■■' (i;ts*e«J 

by the Convention, whic!: imltinc 

u[i of the theatre and tlir ' acbota. 

In 1810 ' P<un<ta Mariee,' u c<iiiii.ii> iu ihree acta, 
founded in part on the |ii'r ceiling, or having at 

leaac the same characceni, liy (.'iibii«rf ''"'• -^-»nx 

and Pelletier-VolmeranKe, via given m in. 

'Pamela; or. Virtue Triumphant,' sa, "ua 

comedy, was printed in I'i'i, and never itutad, 
Goldoni's ' Pamela ' waji printed in 17'Hi. It is not 
pretended thai this information adda much to the 
anbject, but, as it i* not eaaily procurable, it is 
given. The "panie, h^laa!" ahowa how the name 
was pronounced in France.] 

The Premier Gren'adier of France (10*** 
S. i. 3S4, 470). — Since I wrote my reply I have 
visited the Hotel das Invalidesand the Musi^ 
Carnavalet. I asked a pensioner who was on 
duty in the church about the heart ; he told 
mo that within an hour of its being left in 
the church it had been taken far away into 
the underground places of the church, that 
there was a report that a monument was to 
be erected in the church, and that tl>en 
perhaps La Tour d'Auvergne's heart would 
reappear. Probably this hiding of it wtM 
done to assure its safe keeping. 

I tiad 8upp>osed that the sword which, oa 
30 March, was carried with the heart to ths 
Invalides was destined to remain there. 
I learnt at the Musee Carnavalet that 
it had been only lent for the occasion, 
and had been brought back to the Mua<^ 
There it is now along with the waist-belt and 
frog, which are pictured in M. Drroul.Sde'a 
book (p. 245), to which I referred in my pre- 
vious reply. It is a straight infantry xword 
in a leather scabbard, which above the silver- 
gilt or brass tip is very limp, showing appa. 
rently that it nas been much worn. Under 
the guard is the following inscription : 
" Arme d'honneur de'cernd par les Consuls de 
la Republique Francaise au Capitaine La 
Tour d'Auvergne Corret Pr. Grenadier." 
There is also an autograph letter of La 'Tear 

That lie was never known by any title 
other than tiiat of " Premier Grenadier de Ift 
France," as staled at the first reference, is ik' 

i»'«s.u.jcLTio.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Bistake. He was appointed a sub-lieutenant 
' au regiment a'Aiigoumoia - infanterie," 
September, 1707 (see p. 48 of M. Derou- 
Me's book), after having served about five 
Dontha in the Mousquetaires Noirs, in which 
corps no one could serve who was not by 
birtii a "gentilhomme " (i/>iJ., p. 46). In 1782 
he applied, in vain, for an appointment as 
aide-de-camp in the island of .Minorca {ibid., 
p. 127). On 29 October, 1784, he became by 
seniority "capitaine en second," ».e., after 
seventeen years' service as a lieutenant (ibid., 
p. 136). 

In 1792, after the Revolution, he was a 
captain of grenadiers {ibid., p. 170), appa- 
rently of the 148' derai- brigade, formerly 
callea the "Regiment d'Angouraois " {ibid., 

E. 172). In June, 1793, the grade of gi'neral de 
rigade wasoflFered him, which herefuse<],but 
General Servan formed all the grenadiers into 
one corps, consisting of 6, OX) to 7,000 men, and 
gave him the command, so that as a captain 
he was practically a general of brigade. This 
corps was named the '"division d'avant- 
garde," and soon bore the sobriquet of "la 
eolonne infernale" {ibid., pp. 182, 200-1, 242). 
He was a captain before trie lievolution and 
remained a captain, refusing any higher 
grade, as he also refused the place in the 
Corps L^gislatif offered to him by the Senate 

"ter tlie coup d'itat of the 18 Bruraaire, 1799 
[tii'd, p. 237). 

In his last three campaigns he appears to 
have served in the ranks. When he was 
nearly fifty-four years old, he served as a 
substitute for the last remaining son of his 
friend Le Prigant, who had been drawn for 

■ conscription. He .served, apparently as a 
private solriier, but witli tiie title of cnpitaine 
volontaire, alwavs by the side of the titular 
captain of his old company in the 46' demi- 
Vigade in 1797 with the array of the Rhine 

ibul, p. 232). 

Again as substitute for the young Le 
IJrigant he served in Massona's army in 
Switzerlan<l in 1799, and was present at the 
battle of Zurich, being among the first to 
enter the town {ibid., p. 2.36). 

In Carnot's letter to him dated 5 tlori=al, 
an VIII., is the following : — 

" II vole a I'arm^ du Rhin, remplaoe le fill de 
son ami, et, pendant deux camiHixnes, le sac Rur 
le dos, toujuurs au premier rang, iTest ii toutoa les 
affaires, el snime le« grenadiers par sea discoura et 
par aon exenijile."— /'<i(i., p. 24± 

This was the letter in whicli was given to 
him. by or<ler of the First Consul, the title 
of " Premier Grenadier des Armees de la 
Uis l«iat campaign of all, his third as sub- 




stitute for the young Le Brigant, was in 
18IX). Besides being a substitute he was 
specially requested by Carnot, the Minister 
for War, to rejoin the array {ibid., pp. 253-4). 

On 21 June, 18iX), a little more than a mouth 
after having been named " First Grenadier," 
he rejoined the army of the Rhine com- 
manded by Moreau, and at his own request 
was placeu in the 46'' demi-brigade. On the 
27th he was killed near Neubourg {ibid., 
pp. 253, 257, 258. 261). 

That he was not then serving as an officer 
appears from il. DerouK-de's account (p. 261): 
"La Tour d'Auvergne, au premier rang 
des grenadiers, croise la baionnette oontre 
les cavaliers autrichiens." That he was by 
rank an oHicer is plain, not only from the 
inscription on the guard of his aword, but 
also from a letter of his to Le Coz, in which, 
speaking of his leaving Bodmin, where he 
had been confined as a prisoner of war, he 
speaks of his exchange for an English otlicer 
of equal rank {ibid., p. 225). In the preface 
(p. 14) M. Deroulede writes: "Je le revis 
debout, au premier rang de la bataille, rem- 
plissant toujours et partout, avec trop 
d'abnL'gation peut-^tre, son rAIe d'ofiicier- 
soldat. ' 

The Hotel Carnavalet, where Madame de 
Si'vigm' lived for twenty years, contains most 
interesting and beautiful collections. 


Me. H. G. Hope is wrong in believing La 
Tour d'Auvergne to have been always a 
private. He was an oIKcer of the ancien 
re'ijime. Passing through the Royal College 
of La Fli'che, he became a sous-lieutenant la 
the Mousquetaires Noirs, a most aristocratic 
body, part of the Maisou Rouge (the " Noir " 
referring to the horses, and the "Rouge" to 
the coat). He then passed into the line, and 
became lieutenant and, in 1784, captain. In 
1791 he received the Cross of St. Louis. From 
1784 until his death he served as captain, his 
refusal of higher promotion being by no means 
an isolated case. He was not descended 
legitimately from the illustrious family 
whose name he took. See ' Le Capitaine la 
Tour d'Auvergne,' par Simond (Perrin, 1895). 
R. Phipps, Colonel late R.A. 

Mark Hilpesley (lO'" S. i. .344,414,47.5). 
—My inquiries on the subject of this gentle- 
man have resulted in tli' '' ; i-y at the 
British Museum of a IxhjI evidently 

entirely in his ■ ■ ' ii.iwiiunn. It is a 
small octavo v. larl. M!<.^ 4726) of 

alwut ir>0 I""' -•■■•' 

' Essays by 
of morals, u..„.ii.i, _;.„ 

NOTES AND QUERIES, [w s. u. Jnt* le. u 

Ire in shorthand, Xear the end I was 
Ite enough to find hisi own draft of 
Itaph, both in Latin and English. 
Itaph aa printed at the hrst reference 
|y gives the veraion engraved on the 
The Latin copy in the book is prac- 
Lhe same ; the ninth line reads ;^ 
■Eim Lincoln'i Inn plus ultra datur, 
Ich, as the Engliijh verdou clearly 
Ihe intended to convey that he had 
pre successful in his university career 
visLt at Lincoln's Inn ; and it con- 
pith the lines ;- — 

h&cerduli Marco datur aitaa Lwiuendu 
|ihi Mors Lucrum. I>eua eat, meua Ipse 
bitum infelix. Felix post Funera Vivo. 

English version ia oa follows; — 

Jtelicts a{ M. H., Ksiq., l&te a. fellow of yc 
locioty ot Lyn coin's Inn. 
bra lyca in this place interred 
J. H. hifl eor|ia with life tyred. 
Ii Alderman (Mark) wax, 'tis wid, 
Is Father : Mother, Doll : (both dead) 
"brother f St«plien) onryed. 
Iro' Cambridge and Oxford he fled 
han Lyocoln's Inu farr better sped 
Itho' he was twi^e niarryed 
Tie wife with 4 boyes brought to bed 
bt biit in 2 of y"" B leased . 
|rn Sixteeri bund red and thirty 
nbori) ttifRiii when he does Uye 
fcath to hym a (riyn 
|ko is Happy freed from Payn." 

satire contents of the book are in 
I doggerel rime. Two or three papers 
Lincoln's Inn : one is descriptive of 
Jena, and another ia of a curious tes- 
».ry character. It appears from it 
fire occurred in his chambers in 
ry, 1G92, and ho had been ordererl to 
^m down and, presumably, to rebuild 
In this document he good-huraouredly 
Ihi-s troubles, and purports to bequeath 
mbers to the Inn, including 
loo<3houso, coalhouso and GolKotlia 
I herein my corps with theyrs to lay 
|I which may last till y" Last Day. 

i^hich it may be reasonably inferred 
himself had the tablet with the 
upon it inserted in the wall when it 

Jainw paper concludes as follows :^ 
Ind to Adorn thoir Library 
Vnd tell y" how to live and die 
ITurisprudent ConnsollE give I 
■Jocosely vet Kelligiuusly 
|For which consult their Arcbivi 
Tor y' priutsd works of 

Makk Hilsly. 
jk referred to is a small volume 
" RelliBio Jurisprudentis; or, A 

Lawyer's Advice to his Son, by FbilanthR 
I London, 1084," and is still in the library. 
I I have failed to discover hU buruJ-p 
I There is no mention of his name in 
J registers at KinKston-on-Thamea, nop ha 
I been able to Una his will at Somerset H< 
I His father's will is recorded there ; and 

registers at Hackney show that the Aldei 
' was buried in that churchyard on 6 Jani 
i 1660, and his wife "Dorithi" on 8 Decan 
1 1659, less than a month earlier. 

Alan Stbwju 
7, New S(iuare, LincolD's Inn. 

Late Ixtellectual Harvest (10»*» S. L 
—Robert Louis Stevenson is one of the 
remarkable exemplars of slow developme 
genius. He appears to have been an e 
disappointment to his tutors, only to bio 
out later into one of the most poll 
essayists of his time, Wiluam Jagga] 

130, Canaiog Street, Liverpool. 

Several instances of distinguished men 
were by no means notable at school are { 
in 'The Curse of Education.' by Hanoi 
Gorst Darwin is, perhaps, the most atri 
instance. HiPPOCLiD 

Moses Maimonides (so the story i 
showed no promise whatever till aboo' 
fifteenth year. At twelve he was a very 
boy and the despair of his father, a lat 
nmvldag. or distinguished scholar. _ Whi 
ultimately became for his race and his ow] 
is summed up in contemporary ealogy t 
"From the deatli of Moses (the lawg 
until the birth of Moses (the exponi 
there never was such a Moses." He ble 
the encyclopiedic learning of Rabbeynn 
with the dialectical brilliancy of Ibn_ ] 
and was a great physician as well. This 
is the seven hundredth anniversary tA 
deatii of our greatest Spanish scholar, 
was bom in Cordova, whence your a 
spondent takes his name. 

^ M. L. R. Bbuij 

South Hackney. 

Fle-sh .vnd Sii.vmble Meats (lO"* S. i 
293, .394),— This may settle the qaestion. 
Wright's ' English Dialect Dictionary,' a 
the word ' Shamble,' is added :— 

" StiamliU-miat ;— meaninfc butcher's meat; 
meat, as distinct from salted. 

" /)<('. 1 mind the time when old peopto 
' It 's more 'n a month since we had any ahaa 
mate,'—' Reports Province,' 1891. 

Mr. Janes, of AsERDEENSHiBa (»» E 
148).— With reference to a " Mr. Jaaa 
Aberdeenshire, a naturalist," vbom Jdp 


io'"8.ii..ii-r.vi6.iow.) NOTES AND QUERIES. 


and Boswell met in Skyo in September, 1773 
(Boswell's 'Johnson.' e<i. IJirkliock Hill, v. 
149, 163), it wftM '^u^IK<^«tw), I think, that 
"Janes" might \ye a misprint for Innea, a 
conimon Ahei'deenshire name, and that John 
Innes, the well-known anatomist, was the 
man. It seems, however, very possible that 
tlie followins passage from Oough'* ' British 
Topography ' (ed. 1780, ii. CT4) may supply 
the clue, especially when we take into con- 
sideration the fnct that Johnson, who also 
mentions metttinn " Mr. Janes " ('A Journey 
to the Western Islands of Scotland,' ' Works,' 
ed. 1825, ix. 4.)), de.scriljes him as a " fossilist." 
Cough's reference runs thus ; — 

"Joliii .)e»iiii, of Abordccii, n irrcit fi(l«|il in tlio 
liiinoral kin^iloni, n'lnarkablu fur his travellinK 
over nil thi« tountry niiiiuiillv oi! •. • ■■ ■ fd 
very senRilile 'licneral Uirciiinn !„• 

uicIaU, inincml". gems, &c.,' ■!■ n.' 

culoiirof tlic CKrlh ami B|iriii;;a iii .SuuiUmi uliciu 
ihe^e timy jiroljiihlv l>o foniid. Wetpt? this CRSny 
enUrgod anil )iriiitc(), those iiKjuirici might le&d to 
the ptililie gn(Hl." 

I hazard the suggestion that "Jtmus" might 
be pronounced so as to sound like "Janes." 
There is no nu-ntion of JtMins in tlie first 
edition of Uough's ' liritish Tppography,' 17<>S. 
After a rather diligent search 1 have failed 
to discover any published work or paper of 
John Jeans, and all cflorts l-o find any further 
mention of hini. either as Jeans or Janes, 
have proved fruitless. Yet " Mr. Janes," a 
native of Aberdeenshire, a "naturalist" or 
"fossilist," was of sullicieut imiMrlAm^ to 
have been with James Ferguson, the astro- 
nomer, at Dr. Johnson's in lA)ndun in 17r>ii 
(Boswell's 'Johnson,' ii. !tO ; v. 149). Can 
you or any of your readers throw any further 
light on tills souiuwhut misty personage I 
H. Spencer StoTT. 

The y AiiiJNATi ii, ok Tkjku claw Weaion 
<10"' .S. j. 40H).— yjvaji's dagger now rests in 
the South Kensington Museum. See Lord 
Egertou's 'A Description of Indian and 
Oriental Armour.' IMmj, No. 47(;, p. lir>, au 
illustration on plate xv. M. J. D. Cockle. 

S»Iiin, i'linjitb. 

Byroxiana (lO"' S. i. 488).— The 'Sequel 
to Don Juan' is by G. W. M. lieynolds, the 
author of 'The Mysteries of Llmdon." If 
W. B. H. will compare the lines— 1 quote from 
memory— beginning 

Twa* niidiiiKlii, and (tin b<<am of Cynlhift ahonc, 
withsoiix' to bo found in the first volume of 
the first scries of 'SI. of L.,' he will, I think, 
be convinood. P. J. F. Oantillox. 

•'Sal et saliva" (ki'" S. i. 3fi8, 431, .'il4). 
—J may ]>«rhap9 bo permitted to say there 

is a goo<l deal on the subject in my 'Folk- 
Metlicine : a Chapter on tlie History of Cul- 
ture,' London, 1»S3. 

William Geokge Black. 
l>ow»nhill I ;arden8, < iliMgow. 

At the famous salt mines of Cardona in 
Catalufia, the property of the Duke of Medina 
Sidonia, one sees, among other ornaments 
and curiosities that are carved out of the 
mineral, salt sticks in the shajie of a small 
obelisk. These are exported for use in the 
Catholic rite of baptism, when their crystal 
tip is iiiMcrte<l in the lips of the christened. 

E. S. DoiHisos. 

DaU.:IITKK.s..i ' r 01- S.oTL.iXD (10'" 

S. i. 607).— On •. - Woofls isiitioa of 

Sir Itobert DoutiNii-^ . .,'erage of Scotland' 
(1HI3) with the 'D.X.B.,' I arrive at the 
following list : — 

1. Margaret (14a4-4.^)), married the Dauphin 
of Franco (after her death Louis X[.),aud 
died without issue. 

2. Elizalieth or Isabel, l)etrothe^l in 1441 
to Francis, Count of Montfort. whom «he 
marrietl the next year, when ho harl liecome 
by his father's d»ilh Duke of Bretagno ; she 
was alive in 1404, and had two daughters, 
viz., Margaret, who marrying her cou-iii. 
Francis if., Duke of BreUgne, iiie«l witliiuc 
issue in 14t;9, and Marie, who, raarryini; (m 
the some year as her sister, 145.^) John, 
Vi.scount do Kohan. left issue, 

3 Alexander and James, twins, bom at 
Holyro'si Uousc, 16 October, 1 1.^0, of whom 
the former dietl young, and the latter suc- 
ceeile<l his father as James II. lie was 
descended from both Robert Bruce and 
E<]ward I. of F.nglaiid. 

4. Joan or Janet, who, although dumb, 
married James Dijuglas, Lord Dalkeith. The 
Livingstons, Viscounts of Kilsyth, were 
aj)parently descomle<l from this James 
Douglas, " the King's brother." 

:,. Fl.Miior, married in \Ud Archduka 
SI. f Austria, the German Miccenao, 

will lie. . , 

(i. .Mary, who while still a child wa» married 
in 1444 u> Wolfram von Itprselen. Lord of 
Camp Vere in Ziialanil, and, in right of his 
wife, Earl of Huchan in Scotland. 

7. Av.' : i" H» • '"■■''•■■ 

C-ount «on of 

Duke ot .-^ii^.'X , uif ' 
Council of lUslc, but II 
second Fj»rl of H--'' 
sons and six <i 
Alexander, "" ' 
anc^^tor of 
land; Wt v. 



NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo" s. ii. jiw io. 

Gordon, sixtli Lord Byron, the poet ; her 
fourth, James, was admiral of the lleet. Her 
eldest daughter, Katherine, *' the White 
Rose," was wife of Perkin Warbeck, tlio 
Pi-etender, and later of Sir Matthew Cradock, 
ancestor of the Earls of Pembroke. 

A. K. Ba^-lkt. 

Helua will find all that is known 
about Princess Joan of Scotland in the 
' Exchequer Rolls of Scotland,' vol v. p. Ixix, 
note. The late Mr. Alexander Sinclair issued 
a pamphlet, privately printed, identifying 
Joan as the miiUt doinina wlio married 
Janaes Douglas, third Lord Dalkeitii, in 
1458, Dalkeith being create<l Earl of Morton 
on tiie occasion. There is no contemporary 
authority for the lady's infirmity ; out iu 
1562 Hugh, third Earl of Eglinton, brought 
a process of divorce against Joanna Hamilton, 
his countess, on the plea of consanguinity, 
their common ancestress being the Countess 
of Morton, known as muta doviina. The 
proceedings are preserved among the Eglinton 
charters, with the following pedigree : — 
Mut& Domino. 

John, 'iu'l Karl of Joanna, Countess of 
Morton. Both well. 

James, 3r(l Karl of 

Margaret Hepburn, 
Lady tjetoii. 

As the same class of namefl were 
to all Gaelic-«i)eaking people^ it i» «li 
to understand how this one sli" 
excluded from the Isle of Man dui 
Gaelic period, when all (or ri ' 
Irish names were in comun. ••■ 

Gaelic names did not orignim 
and it is thought this is one of ii 

if true, would account for its a 

Mr. Moore's valuable work. Tl'- 
Colvey has, however, with soiuc 
probaoility, been thought to be 
from it. 

Another puzzling name on Walney Island 
is "Creepa Close," "Creepa Marsh,'" Jtc 
Could this have for origin hup — to drag 
or grapple for contraband kegs, sunk by 
smugglers, used in Northumberland, Dur'<M 
ham, Vorks, and also in some of tho soutbemH^ 

■ I. I ri .'.r' 



counties ? 

They 'II atring the tubs 

to a 

have I 

ine and 

Mariot Seton, Counteu 
of Eglinton. 

Margaret Uouglai, mar- 
ried Jaineti, ix>rd 

I I 

Joanna Hamilton, Hu^h, 3rd Earl of 
Coiuiteas of Kglinton. hglinton. 

Herbert Maxwell. 

See Sir J. B. Paul's 'The Scots Peerage," 
i. 176; and Cokayne's 'Complete J\ierage,' 
i. 97, iv. 295, V. 381, from which authorities 
it appears that Joan was third daughter of 
James I. ; that she was betrothed to James 
Douglas, third Earl of Angu8,in 1444,butnever 
married him, and that she married Jumes 
Douglas, first Earl of Morion, about 1450 or 
1458 ; anci also that the daughter married to 
George Gordon, second Earl of Huntly, was 
Annaoel. John B. WAiNrwuicHT. 

[Reply alao from Mn A. Ha«.i-] 

Walwky Island Names (10"' S. i. 387,402).— 
Mr. E. B. Savaue savs that Colvac (properly 
Colbhach) is not a Manx name at all, and 
does not occur in Mooro's ' Suriiiiriics and 
Place-names.- This is fa"'" -^mnion as a 
Gaelic Christian imin 'uaU-<\ in 

English with Charle*. or three 



sink 'em, and then when 
they '11 go to creep for 'em." 

J. Roi:Kiis. 
187, Abbey Road, Barrow-in-Fumeat. 

Copernicus and the Planet Mtst nt 
(10"' S. i. 509). — There is no sufficient reasoi 
for thinking that Copernicus never sa 
Mercury. See the question fully disca 
by the undersigned in vol. xv. (p. 32" 
the Ob»ermtor>i (for August, 1892). ~ 
the statement in question is made in 
the alleged failure is generally attribut 
to the fogs of the Vistula, in forgetfuln 
of the fact that Copernicus s[>eut several 
years of the earlier part of his working lifi 
in lUly. W. T. Ly>tc, 


Alake (10"" S. i. 4G8, 512).— I do not onite 
follow the details. Given " Ake" as u place-j 
name, with " Al" as prefix, is al the Semitic 
article, as we say The O'Neill, tkc. ? A. H. 

PKE8CltIPTION.S (lO"" S. i. 409, 453).— I 
thanking your correspondents for theij 
replies, may I put another question 1 
Collier's ' Celsns,' second edition (1831), ther 
are four plates, one of which consists 
twenty-four "numbers."' There are signs o^ 
groups of signs, and among them appe&e 
those of the scruple and drachm. No referi 
ence to this plate appears to be contained i^ 
the letterpress, and I should be glad if ati] 
one could help roe to an explanation. 


" Amosc. oTnKRs" (lO"" S. i. 487).— I cannol 
at all follow W. C. B. in his objection to thia 
Surely inter ulin is good, or at least current 
Ijitin. With other* seems to me to stand ii^ 

io"s.ii.JrLvi<u9M.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 


precisely the same position, neither better 
nor worse. Is not that correct which i« 
URUal and clear ! Who can miss tiie meaning 
of arnonij otfun ? T. WlLSON. 


AxTWEBP Catiiedhal (lO"" S. i, ft08).— Has 
Lucis consulted Weingiirtner'B 'System des 
christl. Turrabaues,' Gottingen, 18(X) ? I have 
not myself got this book, and take the 
reference from the valuable 'Kircldiche 
Kunstaltertumer in Deulschland ' of Dr. 
Heinrich Berguer (now being published in 
parts at Leipzig) at p. 73. See also the 
authorities quoted on p. 37. 

William George Black. 
^_l}owanbill (i&rdeni, ).il«sgow. 

Bkiso John's Chaetkes (lO"" S. i. 4«9, 512). 
I^-Could John have been at Vaudreuil (Vallis 
i Rodolii) at the required date ! At Vaudreuil 
(Eure) he lay several times, notftbly in I2(.'3, 
when he dismaritle<l Pontde-l'Arche, a few 
miles away. It was in tlie castle of Vaudreuil 
that William the Conqueror had Ijeen housed 
when taken away from his mother, and here 
an attempt was made to " burn him in." 
From Vaudreuil came the archers, ''ki e^stoient 
de grand orgo<'l," who (together with those 
of Breteuil-sur-Iton, not far off) did much to 
decide the day of Hastings. 

Halliday Sparling. 

' WiLHELM MeISTER ' (lO"- S. i. 489).— 

1. 'Wilhelm Meister,' Traduction ('omplete 
et Nouvelle, par Mme. A. de Carlowitz, 
2 vols., 1843. 

2. Traduction Complete et Nouvelle, par 
Theophile Gautier tils, 2 vols., 1861. 

3. Traduction Nouvelle, par J. Porchat 
(' Lea Annees de Voyage de WiJhelm Meister,' 
Vol. VII. des (Euvres de Goethe, translated 
in 10 vols., 1860-3). H. Kjiebs. 

"HCMANUM EST ERRARE " (10"' S. i. 389, 

512).— I am much obliged to Ma. Sossen- 
SCBEIN for his very interesting answer to my 
query as) to the source of this phrase Since 
writing the query, however, I have learned 
that an edition of Bartlett's ' Quotations ' later 
than that which I hud seen gives a reference 
to Plutarch adv. <Jolot«n. The jtasaage is 
in ch. 31 and runs as follows: to /tiv yap 
Jifiapravnv irtpl So^oi/, ct icai /iii a-otfuZt', o/iw« 
dvOpuTTivov iiTTi. It is possible, tnerefore, that 
the Latin phrase comes from an early trans- 
lation of Plutarch (that of Siephanus ap- 
peared in 1572). I can, however, supply an 
«arlier instance of the pkrase than that which 
Mr. Sonsenschein gives from the year 1745 
(in which, moreover, the order of words is 


different), for in Farnaby's commentary on 
Terence, 'Ad.,' IV. ii. 40, published in 1651 
occur the words '" Humanum est errare," and 
they are introduced in such a way as to imply 
that the phra>ie was a stock one at the time 
(I take the reference from the'Notn; Vari- 
orum ' appended to the Delphin text). 

The reference to Severus for which JiIr. 
Sonnenkchein asks is Ep. i. 20, and the 
literal rendering of the Syriac is "For that 
a man should sin is human." The word for 
"a man" is, however, an indefinite one, 
which would represent not avOpunroi, but rts, 
if it represents any Greek word, and we may 
therefore fairly presume that Severus wrote 
TO ya-p a/KipTdidv (rtra) dvOputrivov tori, 
but the double meaning of <l/iapTa'v£»i< is not 
shared by its Syriac equivalent. 

E. W. B. 

Hugo's 'Les Abeilles' (10"" S. 
i. 348, 391).— It may interest your corre- 
spondent to know that English translations 
of the iK>em ' Le Manteau Impc'rial ' appear 
in the following (entitled in each case 'The 
Imperial Mantle'): 'Translations from the 
Poems of Victor Hugo,' by Henry Carring- 
ton (Walter Scott, 1887, second efl.), and 
'Hugo's Lyrical Poems,' by H. L. Williams 
("Bohu'a Standard Library," 1887 ed.). 

Edwakd Latha.m. 

Epitaphs : their BiBLionEAPHV (10''' S, i. 
44, 173, 217. 252, 334). — The following are 
additions : — 

A ColleotioD of Kpitaplia and Monumental In- 
Bcriptiona, Ancient and Modem. Londou; Printed 
forO. i W. 15. Whittakcr. Ac, 1822. (Printed by 
C. Tliurnam, Carlisle.) 

The Scotch Haefiia ; conaisting of Anecdotes, 
Jests, Curious and Rare .Articles of Literature: 
with a Collection of Kiiiwphs and InscriptionR, 
OriRinal and Selected- Edinburgh, I). VV'el>at«r & 
Son, I.S22. m>. Sl-.-^Ol. 

Elegant Extracts Poetry, Book IV., pp. 811- 

8?2, EpiRranis, Epitaphs, and other Little Pieces.— 
No dale ; about \m) ? 

The Peeraite of England by Arthur CoUiiu. 

Fourth Edition, 1768. 

The English Baronetage 1741. 

The bibliography of epitaphs, compiled by 
W. G. B. Page, appended to ' Carious Epi- 
taphs,' by W. Andrews, 1883 (see 10"" S. i. 217), 
does not appear in the 1899 edition. 

Robert Pierpoist. 

May Monument (lO"" S. i. 449. 497).— I am 
! much obliged to E. H. W. D. for his infor- 
i mation on this subject. I rather suspected 
' that something ot the kind must have 
I happeneiJ, and though I do not know who 
.was responsible for burying the monument, 
j I must say that it seems to me to have been 
a strangely ungracious as well «a<=>-N!ft.x. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo* s. ii. Jctly w. j9w. 

prociyrfinR. PoMibly there may be some 
e> Miiilavant Church was, I 

Ii- tnilt l)y the May8 sontewhure 

II* . M r)rsfielfl'« ' Histoi-y of Sussex ' 

at , hut the monument was not 

|>ut uui ul Uju wuy then. J. G. M. 

T....">u N'eai-e: "HERBERr.Rv" (10"' S. i. 
.'i' '• "it'ems to b«> cause for 8U(i;gestitix 

ti I- V.iilf, the Itegius I'rofessor 

11" i I.i59-G9 (Hardy's ' Le 

N' - /metimes hecn confused 

with n riiiiiiesalce. According to a statement 
In Wood* * Alheuae Oxon.,' i. 57G (edition by 
BliH!<), he was rector of Thenford, NortlianN, 
in !'>Vi, and the * D.X.B.' (xl. 136) apparently 
fti! ^Utement, but with the caution 

Hi . •! name does not occur in the 

ThcHti^ni registers. Now, if 'Valor 
oMticUK,' iv. 338, may be trusted, a Thomas 
Nello WM rector of Thenford in lo3o, whexi 
the future professor was still a 8-.;hular at 
Winche«ter. and was presumably a distinct 
nnmon ; and the only compositions for first- 
iruitH of the rectory between l.Vifi and 1C07, 
wliich are tui:<ntioiied in the index to the 
Uompcwition ISouks at the Record Ortice, are 

ThomM P»yiie, 18 .Tulv. 1 Klix. (inai). 

Laiireiico liuolc, 3 Miiv, fl Klii!. (I3(i7). 

William Osborne, IS Julv, J .Iiu--. (IWKi). 

It seems, therefore, not alttigothcr unlikely 
that Wood, or some earlier writer whom 
Wood copied, in making the profes.sor rector 
of Thenfonl, confused him with a namesake. 
Me. WAiNEWRiunTS query leads me to 
inquire whether Thomas Nello, the rector 
mentioned in ' Valor Ecclwiiasticus,' remained 
rector of Thenford until the lx>ginniiig of 
Eiizalwth'.s reign ; and, if so, whether he 
then (iied or, being deprived, went into exile 
abroad. U. C. 


xii. i2&\ W S. i. 70, 295, 4:.7, .517).— Mr. 
DoDGBOS might with some praspect of succe-ss 
examine the records of the extinct French 
Huguenot cliurches, which, about tlie year 
1842. were brought to light bv the Royal 
Commission appointed, under the powers of 
the new Registration Act, to collect the non- 
parochial registers of baptisms, marriage-s, 
and burial.s. These records were collected 
and placed in the custody of the Registrar- 
Oeueral at Somerset House, whore they now 
are. and a careful examination of them by 
Mr. .T. Snntherden Ruru, secretary to the 
Ci. resulteil in the ])ublicati'>n of 

til. part of tlipm in his 'Histury of 

Uio liiiucli Refugf"' ' ' >'i'l,' 

1&M5. See also U. C. . Laul 

Exiles from France ' ; Emile Hanu's ' hi 
France ProtesUnte,' 1877 ; 'The H'. 
by Samuel Smiles, 1867; 'A List ot 
I'rotestants and Aliens in England, IGlcM* 
edited by Wm. Durrant Cooper, F.S.A-, 180: 
and ' Memoire pour servir a I'Hiaioiro d 
Refugif's Franoais dans les Etats flu Koij 
1782-99, by J. P". Erman aiul P. C. F. RecUm 
Possibly also the French Hospital autlioritioi 
at Victoria Park could afford tlie d 
information. This liospital was remo 
the sixties of last century from Old ! 
St. Luke's. 

Tiiere was a Oillam Hurt, who wa» '^ 
France, in Pont, under the French 1. 1 
was a resident in the Ward of Al.., 
1618 (' List of Foreign Protestants and 
in England, 1618-H8,' edited by Wm. Du 
Cooper, F.S.A., 1862). 

OaBOIUAU's 'MAHyUIS D'AjfGlVAL'(10"'tJ.i 

428). — There d<jcs not appear to beanv novo! 
of Gaboriau bearing this title, but wLo aay^ 
there is 1 Ruskin (Ws not, so far as I 
ascertain. So as to " fair.'' I hav 
referred to vol. ii. of ' On the ( )ld 
(O. Allen, 1885). and find in part i. of 'Fio 
Fair and Foul ' (p. 19) a mention of Gabot 
'Crime d'Orcival,' which is the correct titti 
of one of Oalwriau's novels.* On the foUow^ 
ing page Ruskin refers to the "Viconot. 
d'Orcival," but I do not know who thii 

Ecrsonage can be ; probably it is an orror| 
at I am not sure.t 

While on the subject of Gaboriau's detec 
tive stories, may I say that, in my iipiuiuiij 
for dramatic intensity and enthralliii)i 
interest^ ' Le Crime d'Orcival' is "not 
patch " upon the same author's ' L'r 
Lerouge ' and ' Monsieur Lecoq ' ? I 
that Ruskin could not have read eitb 
t/iese, or he would have mentioned it instead 
of 'Le Crime d'Orcival.' 

Edward LxrnxyL 

Lancashire To.^st (W^ S. ii. 10).— In YorkJ 
shire this is considered as a typically VorkI 
shire toast, and is thought to be extremely 
old — .so old OS to prevent any cliance o( 
finding the author. It is generally given bji 
cricket and football clubs, and, as I hav 
always heard it, is more concise than you< 
correspondent's veraiou, and has a dilTurent 

• An Knglisli version, culled 'Ti 
Oroivsl," I" i.iililivlwc! ut Iv/. l.v Mm 

\u '■ ".-.■'■ 


i ■ 

U:. ■ 

' °1 
• •nsj 

• I. Adair 

^rtanoo o8 

lo-s.ii.jPi.viiUOM] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


turn of the last line, which is an essential 
point of the whole lliinu, and which gives 
the flavour of Voikuliire humour. It runs :— 

Here's to M on us, 

May we hu'lt want iiowt ; noao on u«. 

Nor nic, n»wlln'r. 
There is a much more comprehensive ver- 
sion, if it should not bo considere<l a different 
toast, in which the proposer stands, and 
says: — 

N»li, then, hev yf »11 Hll<>d yer iiot» on' muciiT 
Here ■» to l' King »n' yiieeii, »ti nil their folk. 
An' hero's to l' nwil cha|> [the host] lui' all hiafolk. 
Ad' here '» to all ye, hh' all y»'r folk. 
All' here '« l<> nic. «i>' all my folk. 
An' nie on' all (aUnJ. 

It would be inttresting to know the sprea<l 
of these and other old toasts wiiich are baid 
to be local, especially if the evidence could 
be carried back fifty years or no. 

H. Snowpbs Ward. 
Hndlow, Kent. 

Faik Maid op Krxt (10"' S. i. 289. 374).- 
i am much obliged for Mn. Bavlev's answer 
to my query about the deseendantJi of .loan, 
the fair Slaid of Kent. I sliouKI be (jrat^ful 
if he, or any other contributor to ' N. A- Q..' 
could tell lue where I could find particulars 
nn to any children of her daughters. Joan, 
Duchess of Brittany, and Maude, Countess 
of St. Pol. Heuja. 


A Lattr Pipl/i ■ ''" Corrrtpoinirnrt n/ Sir Williinn 
Writer Pfpu'- finrf.. Ma'lrr in Cliaiirtr]/. Kdiletl 
liy AliooO. li. (ioumen. -'vols. (LAne.) 
"A r\TKK fVnyn" Sir William Weller Fepra mi- 
,|ii' " ' ':1'1 l>e absui ' " ' f!i 

1,1 rk now !► 

1,1 : or, it so t. .t 

thu«u Will I iit«<i who dream ul timliiiK 

in the iin" ir«ro or auginvtioi) nf the 

old- Ii ' . which ar<> con- 

(jdvnii . the rotiteiiti of 

the t>\ "t uj)OM literary 

hidlory. M. • », Uy vvlioiii the soiiiewhat 

|A)>on<'^ii!i tji itui: the letters has been 

in_ BmspinK the real KreatncM of Samuel Pepya. 

What ia said concerninis him i' •' ' — ' •■"■■'- •- 

It is otherwise with Sir Willi 
seciiia to have heen lK>yond r> i 
trace him in litcrnturc. he scr; 
for the lirulal ulta>rk iiindn ii| 

son, whose wrnth he had in „ .^ 

aiiprectatc his ' Life of Lyttcltun. Miss ISumey 
(;ives nii animoleil account uf a menv at a dinner 
at tlie 'Throles' at Strenthiini: "1 never saM- iJr. 
Johnson renlly in a passion luit then ; mid dreadful 
indeed it was to lee, I wi«li'- i iiiv-.i.lf away a 
thouaniid times. It was a fi ; h... 1{l< so 

red, jionr Mr. I'epyn wi p*'" led Hill, 

i\\ (i,>j nute). .loliTi ' ■ ! 

Mrs. I'hralo for pi 

there is Fepys; >■' , 

dispruiKirtion that 1 was iiiciled to lesson him. 

)iernaiM more than he dirservne. Uis )ilon<| jo upon 

your head" (iVii-/,, iv. S"J ; also lli' 

1. \2r>). .Siiliseipiently .Johnson ii ! 

treated his former aiitauoniil with ' 

tion than he often exhibited. Much simiUr mutter 

is narrated in volumes and ronstitnlca 

vary ent, • ' " • - -. - ,.1 np 

with 111; ■ ■! in- 

cluded ■> iiiih 

More, 'lo hi!> ^H" ' > 

lie rommends as in 

tcllinK him that inn i ■. i- , 

>ui|M.-iid all opinion aWuit ni;hti ■ 

prerogalivea of kiiiits. Hunhh 'I' 

aiders a more apoloicy for tin Hu uos, 

indeed, as .Sir Nathaniel \\ - him, "a 

stBunnh Whi(t." A ko<m1 ai-- • -'i- 

origin and coiidnct of the " i 

which we must refer the reail' 

excellent stories arc told. ( Inc u[ il,c 

Wraxall) is that coiioerninK Sir .Toscph ' 

the Due de riiarlres A« «;iace inn- ■' '• 

for (juotation, we can but refer the : 

p. y. A sii«< ial icntiir* m the vol 

the illiistratioDS. w ' 

nlilc. 'I'lic I'hoii'c ■ 

commended Ti.. 

monl to the ' < 

Hon. Waller 

valuable additinii in uny hisi.nn .ti aim nin-rnj/lnukl 

library. It is tastefully and admirably got up. 

Slav <j mill i/< Jil. Com- 

Kled and i mil \V. K. 

LMiley. \ • - - r;tcd.) 

With the pi- . bos 

l)ecn accidoiii l with 

so iiiu<;b iiidu6U>, ..-i inbtinii, Aitti o by 

Mossr?. Farmer and Henley is < Ws 



iu:a. .Sll \\ llhblii Ul 
ol her work, she In 

.;.l....i 1 ( , , 

id well ■ njmem- I coniplelc. II 

hapi ev 

I'ciijs, till' lintii-l. It li liinJniialili;, pel- I laUeii liuiii Kcatj. Ul ui'l it u lani il-,, elln.iU.;'iA. 
eu commendable, in a cenllcwomtu to fail | use, eai>ecially at the l»V'Q\i\Vk^ viV vtx).\tsiii<3c».,\>. 


NOTES AND QUE RIES. no-- s. ii. jclv le. im. 

licriilinr to Atnericnu speech. Various shaHes of 
i\,. liy intonation, ! I ' n, 

(>i I your mother " ' iy 

U|,, „j ^.. .1 iiHiiiered niauv.i- - „, a, 

or was, frei|ueui aiiviee in the West Hiding. Ctirlr. 
Sam, for Anierica, though believed to belong to 
1K12, i« first trnccj in IKiTi. "Uncouth, unWind," 
is a quaint phrase, reaching back to Thomas Hcy- 
^i„„i liirkens is first citeti for the use of iniintu- 
ti' Olohr for that of imirliiejtrraltlts in the 

Ea He "np with" his staff is found in 

•(,iiriii'lyii ond "He ups and tels him" in 1608. 
i'ppinh iippeals in 17U4. uud uiipir ten in ]SXi. A 
suit of rditlrrni' is niiK-h ohier than lS)i">. Under 
vag should be ipioted (iarrick's " The wai; of all 
>va<!« i« a Warwickshire vrai;," i.e., 8hakes]i«are. 
V'r ' • ; '■ceed indelinltely, for there is scarcely 

a I l.jes not supply niiitter for conjecture 

oi For the iiresent. we must content 

OUtselvek with congratulating the suiviving editor 
en the conclusion of his work, and the public on the 
jioaession of a dictionary of slang ijulte up to date, 
and auch as no other country can boast. 

Thf Dff'iict of Oiiriirvm, nml olhrr I'pcihi. Hy 
Williani Morris. Kditcd by Kobert Steele. (Fisher 
Is the opinion of some lovers of poetry, Morris's 
* Defence of tiuenevere '— the true story of which has 
not yet been told, and will probably now remain 
buried — baa, in spite of occasional cruditieji, a larger 
taieasure of inspiration than any of its author's sub- 
sequent work. It has appeared in more than one 
pretty and desirable shape, and notably in the Hrat 
edition, which we are glatl to see on our shelves. 
■\Vo are not likely to lorget our introduction to 
the volume by Mr. Swinburne, who read aloud in 
inimitable fashion ' Rapunzel ' and other poema. 
&lr. Steele's notes arc more to our taste than his 

Old Clofkti aiul Waitht* nwi Ihtir MaJcert. By 
F. J. Britten, ijecond Kdition, much enlarged. 
Upkin(; the live years in which it has been before 
•the public Mr. Hrilteu a ' < Hd (.'locks iiuil Watches ' 
4ias attained u high i>osilion, and is now of un- 
•dispuled authority in regard to the subject with 
which it is eoncerticd. On the appearance of the 
first edition we dealt at some length with the 
nature and the value of the task Mr. Britten had 
undertaken and on his qualilications for it (see 9"' 
IS. lit i'^)- ^io^'" t)"^ ^^^ work has been close 
to our hands ui>on our shelves, and there baa been 
time after time when it has enabled us to answer 
directly a query sent for insertion. Not without 
justitication is the work put forward as much 
enlarged. The ,'KIO pages of the original edition are 
now swollen out to X3.'j, the number of illusLrntions 
■i» increased from 371 to 7W, while the number of 
illustralioiis by photography is increased from 117 
■to nearly 41XJ. Two thousand names have been 
4idded to the eight thou iven. Consider- 

able portions of the vi liceii rewritten, 

notably the |rfirtion di . -i French clocks, 

eighty-seven clioice illnstralioiis liaving been added, 
niaxiV'if thcni frr>ni Ihfcollecliuiiat Windsor Castle. 
J^ i'> the utility of the volume 

jj, ii'tcri!. The Soltykoff and 

j! loi well as the Wallace 

,.,, have been or«n to the 

..,, , ; -c increase of value and 

interest. As regards the general character of thet 
work little ip to he added to what has previond 
been said. There is no finality in human etfo^ 
So far as the science and practice of liorologyJ 
progressed nothing seems ca]iablo of lieing aa 
what is before us. If the book reaches, as L, 
certainly it will, a third aind a fourth edition, l_.. 
thing more might be said concerning sundia— 
although that subject is fully treated in the Ulei 
edition of Mrs. Uatty'a work, edited by Eden an] 
Lloyd. Few people are probably aware how man 
worthless modern dials are in the market. \V 
congratulate Mr. Britten upon tho tusk he h| 
accomplished afresh, and place the new book 
our shelves for constant reference. 

.Mr. Pebcv LiNULKv has supplied his aouaa 
ToiirislGiiiilt to lh> Con/iwii/. It contains mucl 
informnticn as to the points easily reached by th 
(ireat Rastern route, and is abundantly and hapuit 

Nu. :» of the "Homeland Hondbooks" given ', 
pleasantly ilhislrated guide to tho iJunntorL /fiil4 
(/it'll- Combex and Villatir^i. It is agreeably wribM 
by Beatrix F. Cresswell, and contains an eai 
the ' Folk of the Quaniocks' we are glad to p., 
and an essay on 'Stag-Hunting and Sport '■'„ 
which wo would gladly dispense. The work, wbiq 
is accompinied by a map, is issued by Ma 
Cieorge's Sous, of Bristol. 

Wk hear with reeret of the death on .S July, u 
230, Kvoring Road, N.E., in his eighty-second yea^ 
of ^fr. lieiijamin Harris Cowper, editor of tlM 
Jonriial of SarreU Lilrraliirc, and author of a worf 
on the Apocryphal (.lospels, &c, Under the inilia 
B. H. C. Mr. Cowi)er was a contributor to oc 

Solirfs ia €ontspo»J>nit«. 

Wt mjut coil ifttcial alteutioti Co tht foUou 
notices .— 

On all communications must be written the nu 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for pi 
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. 
We cannot undertake to answer queries privatal 
To secure insertion of communications OOL 
BRondents must observe the following rules. Let 
each note, query, or reply be written on a sejiarale 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and 
such address as ho wishes toap|iear. When answer- 
ing queries, or making notes with reganl to previous 
entries in the paper, contributors are requested to 
iiut in parentheses, immediately after the exact 
heading, the series, volume, and page or pages U 
which they refer. Correspondents who repeal 
queries are requested to head the second ooi 
munication " Duplicate." 

C. F,. Hkwitt.— \\'e have lost all trace of the 
geutlenian you name. 


Editorial communications should be addressed 
to " The Editor of ' Notes and (Queries ' "— Adver- 
tisenients and Business Letters to "The I'ub- 
lisher"— at the Office, Bream's Buildings, CbaooecT . 
Lane, E.G. 

Wo beg leave to state that we decline to relur_ 
communications which, for any reason, we do not 
print ; and to this rule we can make no exception. 


MP s. u. jPLv 10. 190J.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Last Week's ATHENJEUM contains Articles on 



NEW NOVELS :— A November C17 ; The Amblers ; A Weaver of Webs ; Enid ; The Light of the Star ; 

Under the Rose ; The Comer io Coffee ; The Spoilsmen. 

Ot'U LIBRARY TAIILE :— Dar-ul-Ulam ; Samuel Butler's Ka»7S : Russia aa U Really Is; A Modern 

Joiirnnl ; Antwerp, an HiBtorical Sketch ; Major Hume's ^>paD>sb Ksaajs : The Orowthof English 

El Industry and Commerce ; The God in the Garden ; Tales from J6kai ; The " Smaller Classics " ; 

I Canada's Resources and Possibilities; Les Ktati-Dnis au XX. ^ii^cle ; La Bepr6«eataiion 

r Proportionnelle et les Partis Politiques ; A Prayer Book in Wooden Binding. 



SCIENCE :— The Northern Tribe* of Ceotnl Australia ; Le Tibet ; Societies; Heetbig* Next Week ; 
FINE ARTS :— Two Catalogues ; O. F. Watt* ; Two Exhibitions of Egyptian Antiqalties ; Arohieologlcal 
I Cruise round Ireland ; Congress of Arcb:r.ologic&l Societies ; Early Crosse* in the High Peak ; 

f Injurious Ivy : Bales ; Gossip. 

MUSIC: — Philharmonic Concert ; lA>ndon Symphony Orchestra Concert ; Haaieaet^ 'Salomi'; Goaiip; 

Performances Neit Week. 
DRAMA :— Gossip. 

The ATHEN.ffiUM for July 2 contains Articles on 






OUR LIBRARY TABLE :— Old 'Hroes and New ; The Fight for Canada ; Chaucer in Modem English ; 

How to Deal with Tour Taxes ; The Oxford and Cambridge Year-Book ; A French Professor on tha 

Celts ; Thomas i\ Kempis ; La R^Tolte de I'Asie ; Motley's Dutch Republic. 
■list of new BOOKS. 

• ELKGY ' ; SALE. 
SCIENCE :— The Golden Trade : In the King's County ; Every Mao bis own Gardener : Anthropologiaal 

Notes; Societies : Meetings Next Week ; Gossip. 
FINE ARTS:— The Decrees of Memphis and Canopus ; The Chan trey Be<:iuest ; The National Gallery; 

Frederick Sandys ; Arcbicological Note* ; Arcbieological Cruise round Ireland ; Sale* ; Oosaip. 
MUSIC :— 'Carmen' ; 'Un Ballo in Mascbera'; Master von Renter's Concert; Music Bxhibition ; An 

Author's Protest ; Uosslp ; Performance* Next Week. 
3RAMA :— Life of Lope de Vega; ' Yvette'; ' La Bonne oo I* Vie ' ; * La Dcnloarense ' ; ' La Ftariaienne ' ; 


JOUM C. FRANCIS, Jthrrurim OnSo*, Bream's Boilifiiies. CbaBOW; Las*. X.Q, 

And of all M«ina«<ata. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [io-8.iLj01.Ti6, 



186, STRAND, W.C, 


Principal Bailway Bookstalls. 





CWS, &c. 

Works in all Classes of Literature. 

Newest and Best Books of General Interest 
added as published. * 

Subscriptions commence at any date, and 
are transferable to any of the 800 Bookstall 
and Town Depots FREE OF CHARGE. 

Books delivered at all Depots Carriage Paid. 
Terms on application. 

Thousands of Surplus Library Books and New Remainbebs, 
itable for Libraries (Public and Private), Book Clubs, School 
izes, and Presents, offered at Greatly Reduced Prices. 



hH WMU, b, ions C. TBAMOia, Bnaa-I BMI«tofl. flMmi y teu, aa ■ W< FHatM k, 70RII IDWASD nUMOIS, 


% ^thinm oi Intercommtinicatton 



•WtaAB foand, make a not* of." — Captai!) Cdttlb. 

No. 30. [a'Si^.] Saturday, July 23, 1904. |»ri? 

Prick Foi'kpfnce. 

tUtfd at a KfrtiMftf. MnUrtd at 
y. I' 0. a* SeeiMd-^lmB* MatUr. 

^ JtOTfiH twu urSKIRMfra* i»f pott I* tO«. M. for flit Montbi) 
orSDa-M for l'<iel*» Montha, ln«ladlD| lh« Volam* lDd«l.— JUHM C. 
W»LAMVl%.lf»u»»t*4 QMrwaOflM. HrsUo'i HmUdlBfft.OhaaetrT L*«a. 


" bKtnlnc well johr Mood. M* 

from John ulUftotit ilotli brloji hl» pedlfrva "— HmrartaaB. 

ANCKSTUV.KnjftiMi. Scotch. IriMi, und American, 
TUACKUrrnm-fTATRHBOOUIH. ttpMlalllr We»l of KdkUbA 
»nd KnilKTViit KftnilllH -Ur. KHlTNKUrtTHAH. IT. Bsdiortcrreu, 
BxvWr. Md 1, t'lMkam l%r1t ItMd, ChUwtok, Ix^adan. W. 

MR. li. CUIXBTON. 92, riccadilly. London 
iMsnitMirot KnilUti And For»lin AnHqofttiKn floclellea). under- 
•ftkM Ch« fornUhiDK ol Ritntct* from Pftrlkb IU|(t«Urt. I'oplea or 
AtMtrsrta from Vi lIU, (.hsncvrT rro\-Fi><llit||a, and other U«cor>la naefal 
tor U«n<«loflt^l erl<l7Br«« tn KntiUntl, ^ootlftnl1, ftud Irclftnd. 

AbbT<>Tiftie<l Ijktin l>oouiii^nt« l.:n|ll^d Kit^itdmt And Tr«n»lalvd, 

Fnrelrn Uea«arctioa cmrrird nut Kn(jUlr)«a tnilt«d. Mr. C'DltetOD'l 
,VrlvM« Collwiloiia mi9 morut oonaultln| for iMgoi. 

AaU^Mftoa and Hci«ntiAc MKtartal iMrcliM far Md ODftod U IhS 

rtttok MwwBm and ot>t«r Arthtiea. 

pllad. as m«u«r oa wli«iHab|»ot ArlLauwi««t»<i Ida world oTer 
M n» m«*t ••|t«rt HoovBaderi oiIabi. I'lm^a* tui* waata. — HAKKK A 
r«tt(HortMBho9.U-l<. Joha HrliaiHtreat. Hirmiagaaia. 


• HOOKflni.LKRa. 

•f naad ». WaatnrdHirrat Naw York and U. HMDrOUD STKIVT. 
LONlXIfl. W.C. aaaira to rail iht attaailon ot tha KBADINO 
rUHLiC to tk« «ie»lt*ai farllUla* praavaicd by thatr Hrancn Houaa la 
l«a««Mi tor niliac, oa itia moit (afourabU tarma, ordart for ihvir 

Oataiocaai aaat oa applleaUoa 

(Tko LKAlJRNHALL KKBSft. Ltd . Pahlltbarvand PrloUrt, 
10. LaadeahaJI Htrcat. Utadon. U.C.j 
Coatalaa halrleaa papor. of«r which tb« p«D allpa with Mrtvirt 
fraadooi. l*tip»ar« aAcn A* nvr doiaa, raled or plain. New rochat 
Blaa. If p«r ilo«rD. rale*l nr plalB. 

ASihon ahuald noia that Tha Loadanhall Preaa. Ltd , eanaat b« 
r»apoe«lbl« tnr the loa* of HKh. bj Bra or oibarwtaa. Dupllokta eoplea 
•boald ba retained. 

STICKPHA8T PASTE U miles better than Gum 
for atleklBf in Mr«p*. Jolniat t^para. *r M .(M..aadl' with 
■tnmc, aaafol Hruahinota Yofy. .Heti^ two atampa to aaver pnatAf* 
lor a aampla ItotUe. laolo'linr lirnah Facinrr. Sukmt Lnaf Court, 
LaadaahallHiraai. N C iir all nuiion*ri nttrkrhaat PaatatUoka. 



»rap*fM to >i/HMir luriHti'BS lor .11 kiooi ol hook. KKWt, 
M< riHiuuiOAi. ntiM riMO.-ii, ai«B • naiMmg., UkuMrr 
Um. ■ c. 


No 4«l JULY, 1«N. iie.Ht. 

. nUNCB lo AFalCA. 
. LIPS Id tbt UNIVF.IU8. 

TH. HlxTllKY ol MAOIC dgrlBf tbt CRRIKTIAN BRA. 


I. »1R JOHN I>AVia. 




No TA. Jl'LY. HojMi^^o.:^ 

Bdlt4Hj br KEOINALI) L POOLE. M.A. Ph.l> . 

F«Uow of MagdalaB Cnilaie aad LfCiarcr la IMplouauo In the 

UBlT«ralt7 of UKfoid. 


1. Artielta 


Armliarv. Part II, 

CLAHeKlH>N-H 'HIHTORY Of tfa« H8BBLL10N ' iij C. H. 

Plrtb, LL1>. Part III. 

8ouroea of thn XarW Patrician IKwanienU- hj Prof Tlurj, LL.!). 
— Hobert Itaaino t PocBi oa the ItatUa of Itannorkbum IIt tho 
Baff W I> Macr»]r< 1> l-Kt-- CorrcipoBdePce of Huniphray. l)ak« 
(vf Oloaoaaiar. aad Pier Caadlio l»«cv)iibrlo llr l>r Mario 
Iloraa— Corrvapondraco '^f Arcfal>»bop Harrlt^it and Lf>rd Hard- 
wirkeduriagtbaHavolutloBof 174^. ttj U Oaraett, C'.U. LLU.— 
And otJiara. 

3. Srvttut iij HamkM, 

4. JCotutt af Penaliml FtMimli'mB. 

LONOMANS, OaKEN A 00. W, rAtermoMtr aow. LvodM. E.C. 
H«w Tofk •»« noBbar. 

NOW HBAOY. prlc* lOt. M. net 




with iDtrodoctlOD br JONKPH KNIGHT. F8.A. 

Thta Indas la double the tl/o of prurlont ftoea. a« It c«nta1oa, lo 
addlttOB to the uaual Indei nt Huhjrri*. t)>r Munr* anj l*Mudnrt|in« 
Ol Wrlten. wtth a Llai of Ibalr ■ .umbar ot 

OMetant I'ontnhutor* rtceeda •lr>ter> ' . : raaartaa 

III* rigbi of larrr«aifiR ihp prtr« ot ,.,e. Tbd 

Bumbar printed Ik limited, and tito IK 1 

Free bf poii. n.-*. ii<i 
JUHN C. FB.AMCIS, Xefr' «<»d Wf*" OPntt. Uraama Hulldln««, K.O. 

'rUNV-UlDGK WKLLS— ComfortttMy Fl'R- 

Unlet, pifMant. ana central. Thrrt mlbuM*' walk troro B.KK, A C. 
HtaWna. No fttbara lAkaa.— it. U., as. Ornt* Hill Uoa 





NOTES AND QUERIES, no" &. u. Jt t.r a, wot 



I ^- 

Last Week's ATHENiEUM contains Articles on 




NEW NOVELS:— The Hovereign Power; The Masqaeraders ; The Making of a Man ; The Kingdcm of 

Twilicht ; How Tyson came Home ; Nami-ko ; Paulette d'Kstcrre ; i'lide of ClaT ; Amo d'AncQe 
OUB LIBUAKY TABLE .—War and Neutrality in the Far East; Avril ; Ipswich Marriage Lioeoaa* 

Fragmenta Genealogica ; The Story of the UriUnnia ; Short Studies in Education in Scotluid 

City Temple bermoos ; The Paasing of Arthur ; The First Edition of Pickwick ; The Bla« Fox 

The Juricle Books in Spanish ; Hepriot«. 


of WEBS' ; SALKa. 

literary GOSSIP. 
SCIENCE :— The Northern Tribes of Central Australia; Anthropological Notes; Societies; MeetiDgs 

Next Week ; Gossip. 
FINK ARTS:- Art in Southern Italy; The Old Water-Colour Society ; The Society for the Promotioa 

of Hellenic Studies, 1879-1904; The Churches of South Nottinghamshire; Injurious Ivy ; The 

Common Gull in Ireland ; Sales ; Gossip. 
MUSIC;— Our Library Table (The Btory of Chamber Music; A Book of British 8ong; A Method of 

teaching Harmony) ; Gossip ; Performances Next Week, 
DRAMA :— Sbakspeare in Russian ; Gossip. 

The ATHEN.S1UM for July 9 contains Aiticles on 



NEW NOVELS :— A November Cry ; The Amblers; A Weaver of Webs ; Knid ; The Light of Uie Star ; 

Under the Rose ; The Corner in CoSee ; The Spoilsmen. 

OUR LIBRARY TABLE •.—Dar-nl-Islam ; ^pmuel Butler's Essays; Rossis as It Really Is ; A Modem 

Journal ; Antwerp, an Uiiitorical Sketch ; Major Hume's Spanish Essays ; The Growth of Kngli>b 

Industry and Commerce ; The Go<no the Garden ; Tales from J6kai ; The ''Smaller Classics *; 

Canada's Resources and Poiuibilities ; Les Etata-Unis au XX. Sii-cle ; La Itepr^iientaiioa 

Proportionoelle ot les Partis Politicjues ; A Prayer Book in Wooden Binding, 



SCIENCE -.—The Northern Tribes of Central Australia; Le Tibet; Societies; Meetings Next Week; 

FINE ARTS .—Two Catalogues ; O. F. WatU ; Two Exhibitions of Egyptian Antiquities ; Arobieological 

Crul&e round Ireland ; Congress of Arohicological Societies ; Early Crosses in the High Peak ; 

Injurious Ivy ; Sales ; Gossip. 
MUSIC:— Philharmonio Concert; London Symphony Orchestra Concert; Massenet's * Salomi '; Gossip; 

Performances Next Week. 
DRAMA :-Ooa»ip. 

JOHM C, FRANCIS, Athenavm Office, Bream's Boildingo, Chancery Lane, 1.0. 

And of all Newsagent*. 


io-8.iLjfLT23.ioM.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


LONtWK. SATVBDAi: JILV tS. 1901.. 

CONTENTS. -No. 30. 

HOTRS:-P«k »n.l Pike, «1— CoNli-n BIMIogrnpby. M- 
flnnnlony In Anitrlca, «n — 8ii»kMpe»riiinH — " Poor 

JAIIIndn'i KTowInx oM," 61 — Lonnsrd Cnx— Dlculeini— 
Hlfputooii— FontprliiUof thfOnrt.-A C»hylt, «.'• - N»nie« 
cyjinnioh Ui )iOlh Sc.xri- Klfclrio TeVgraph Anllulpatcil — 
" Cry you mercy, I u^ok you for it jolni-itool," M. 

QUBKIBS :— Shiknp^arr'i Sonnet xxtI.— Thwk«r*; Illur- 
tr«Uori« — Bmwning Soc.l'lles - MllMn'o 8"iin<.l .il. — 
Dliraeli on tllml^toni' -D«thi' Mvn 

Blshniii — Tliomai. H.>."1 '■ »i 

C«l.lnct,«7-R»v. John Wlllliif 1 — 

Hone: it Portr»lt - Li»k — Klli» Timett'. I)i»ry _ Th» 
Whit* Uompuny " Nakfr "— Almull — CouUncM. Win- 
eb»tcr, nn.l thr Channel laUmU— St. NInUn'i Cliiirch, 
48-Rrcfn n( Crowhunl— liatirlU BuMt, lais— 'Koul 
Bcraplag*.' M>. 

BRPL1R8 :-MarK<r<.l BI>H, W— Claule >n<1 TrantUtor— 
Bwr ttnU\ without a I.lcenc« — LaiiionI Harp, 71 — Patte — 
PlilUipp* MS-S. ; Beatrice Barlow —'• Wat you y and 
••You waa," ;:.' — BrownliiK** ••Tliiiniler-free" - It<iman 
Tenement Hooiwm. 7-1— Batt Roeic Muaio — "Birrti of a 
featbtr" PliM l.e Hewrl— Colit ll«rl«>ur, 7t Iii«!..-Illric a« 
■ f'..i li Worrts anil Bngli.h (' .- 

"Kt ' "— North I)»i..M May li 76 

— ••«, — NaUliw. 7»-Tl<letwili low 

— PlKcou Ku^Ufch at Home— •'Let the dead tmry tUeIr 
deikl." 77. 

NOTKS ON BOOKS: - •Carohrldne Jlodem Hlttory,' 
Vol. Vni.- -Great Mauler. '-• H UUiry ot Pulk PIU- 
Warlne ' — • Bflwya Cymiiiln Papers ' - Bookaellen' 

Hotlort to Correipondcnta. 



T AM ftt present trying to discover the 
history of these words, and the relation 
between them, in their application to pointed 
mountain!) or their summits. In prosecuting 
the inquiry I find that mucii more informa- 
tion is needed than I posses.s as to the 
chronoloo!y, history, and topography of uike, 
as entering into the names of British nilU. 
One knows generally that these names have 
their centre in the Lake district, in Cumber- 
land, Westmorland, and Lancashire- above- 
the- Sands, and that they extend into 
Northumberland, Durham (1), Yorkshire, 
Derbyshire, and Central Lancashire ; but I 
sliould be obliged to local readers who will 

intl me lists of all the /likef in these latter 
'counties. So far as I know the term is not 
applied in Scotland. But the author of 
'Hone Subseciviu' in 1777 writes of Aber- 
f/nvenni/'f I'ike. Is there any height so called 
at Abergavenny? or to what does the phrase 
refer? Grose also, in 1790, explains pike as 
*' a hill rising in a cone, such as Cam's Pike," 
which, from the * Dialect Diet.,' I infer to be 
in Gloucestershire. Will any one tell me if 

Cam's Pike" is a current name;, and inform 

e exactly of the situation ? Are any other 

examples of Pd-e known outside the counties 
above mentioned ? Then, as to chronology : 
How far back can the name " pike '' be found 
as thus used i Are there any old records, or 
maps, that name any of the " piken " of the 
Lake district, or of any other part of Eng- 
land ? At present (with the exception of the 
two which I have (queried) I know of do 
examples before the nuieteenth century ; but 
surely the Langdale Pikes, Stickle Pike, 
Cause.v Pike. Grisedale Pike, Pike of Blisco, 
Red Pike, Whiteleea Pike, and others, must 
occur earlier ! Probably Scafell Pike, now 
" the Pike " par eminence, does not, since it 
was only in the nineteenth century that its 
pre-eminence in height over Scafell itself wm 
ascertained. The 'Craven Glossary 'has "J'ike, 
the rocky summit of a mountain, as I.iang- 
dale pike, Haw pike-" 1 think Wordswortli 
must also have been using the Lakeland term 
when, in his ' Descriptive Sketches' of 1793, 
he says of the Finster Aarhorn, Schreckhom, 
and Wetterhorn in Switzerland, 

And Pikes, of darkness named, and fean, and 

Uplift in quiet their illumined fornii. 

A still earlier reference appears in Penni- 
cuick's 'Works ' of \7\h (ed. 181.\ p. 40), "These 
piles of stones are often terineci Cairn, Pike, 
Currough, Cross, &c." A very enigmatical 
one occurs in Aubrey's ' Wiltshire.'d. 1697 
(as cited by Halli well): "Not far from War- 
minster is Clay-hill ; and Coprip is about a 
t^uarter of a mile there ; they are pike« or 
vulcanos." What did he mean or refer tol 

But the earliest use of " pike," in reference 
to a mountain top, known to me, is that 
contained in the ' Wars of Alexander,' an 
alliterative poem, apparently before 1403, 
edited for the Early English Text Society 
in 1886 by Prof. Skeat. In describing the 
crossing by Alexander of the lofty mountain 
barrier between Bactria and India, it is said 
(1. 4814): — 

Thai Ubourde up SRayoe the lift an elleven dai* 
And quhen thai covert to the crest, then clerid the 

Than past thai doun fra that pike into a playiie 

Quhare all the gronde was of goli, and Kronen full 

of impia. 

Here "pike" seoms to mean summit, but to 
be applied to a crest or edge rather tlian a 
peAk or point. 

In the names of certain foreign mountains 
" pike " was common from the sixteenth to the 
eighteenth century, when it was su|>ersede<i 
by "peak." The first of all the pikes was 
the Pike of Teneriffe, for wliich there exist 
hundreds of references, from Eden in 1555 to 
Capt. Cook in 1772-84. lu ttvia. ^^i V^.'^t ^ 




NOTES AND QUERIES. [w- s. il jctsmS? 

direct adoption of the Spanish name j'iro, 
which also entered French as /»V(and first of all 
aJso in " Pic de Tt-nerife ") in FuretitTO, 1C!X>, 
and was sanctioned only in 1740 by the 
French Academie, who cite its use in " pic de 
Teni'riffe, pic d'Adam, pic du Midi." From 
the pico of^ Teneriire, and probably also Pico 
in tno Azores, "pike" was extended as the 
common name of a pointed summit ; but 
already in 1687 it began to be superseded by 
"peak," and in 1759 even the Pike of Teue- 
riffe liad chanKed to the "Peak." But 
although the history of "pike" in these 
foreiftn names is i^erfectly clear, it does not 
seem to me at all likely that the native pikes 
of England were named after the Pite of 
Tenerifte ; and they show the native vitality 
of their name by remaining " pikes " when 
the Pike of Teneriffe and all the foreign 
pikes, even the "' twin pikes of Parnassus," 
nave become "peaks." And, of course, deri- 
vation from the Sjianish jn'co is quite im- 
possible for the Middle English "pike" of 
the ' Wars of Alexander.' 

But early mention of the English pikes, to 
fill up the space between 1400 and 1800, is 
creatlv needed ; and a real service to the 
difficult history of pike and peat will be done 
by every one who will send me information 
on the points asked above. 

May I ask that no one will confuse the 
matter by information about the Peak of 
Derbyshire? Etymologists now know that 
that name can have no connexion with piie 
or jienk, a sharp point ; and, in any case, it 
has no bearing whatever ufwn my inquiry ; 
so I hope it will be left out of the Question. 

On a future occasion I will, witii the help 
of the information received, communicate 
my conclusions as to the origin of jiite, and 
the relation in which the much later word 
jieii/c stands to it. J, A. H. Mukray. 


^P (See 10<>>S. i. 401: ii. 3.) 

^ 1884. 

Od the EtTecti of Protection on the Aiiricultural 

I Intereats of tlie Country. House of Commons, 

I March 13, I84.'>. — Keiirinted in Adams (C. K.j, 

I 'Rc)irescTitative British Orations,' Ac, vol. iii. 

18S4. 16n.o. 12«)1. cc X 

Threo Panics. London, Cassell t Company [1884]. 
8vo, pp. lfi«. 8i:«. na. 7. 

Free Trade and other Fundamental Doctrines of 
the Manchester ^^cllnol set forth in selections 
from the ISiieeches and Writings of its Founders 
and Fullower's. Edited, with an introduction, 
l>y Francis W. Uirnt. London, 1903. 8vo. — 
Includes a reprint of ' England, Ireland, and 
America,' and other Cobdeu extracts. 

BionaArmn avv .\r^nr^-l.^■noi^n. 
(Ai-rnnanl •■ ■ 7y.) 

-Apjohu, L. Richard C- .a Vrve Trwd^stx. 

l?yi;-. Apjohn.] [Is. ..J i.iBniorable Mot ( ^ 
the ^ln«leenlh Century," voL iv. I ll«l , 
Svo. l()6ul. bbb.' I '.< 

Ashworth ( H.), HecoIIeotions of Richard < 
and llie AntiCoru Law l^eague 
Manchester hirinted], 1877. 8vo. M;.^ 

(''ie£ond editlon.l Loudon [1878J. 

'^" ■"" ■ le. I. 

pp. iSt'i. si:«. 

Bagehot (Walter) 

BioKrajihieal Studies. E»it^ 


Cobden writi 

by Richard Holt Hiilloii. I>ondon, lt«l. 8ro. 
Includes a memorial notice of Cobden 

in IStC. 

Balfour (Right Hon. Arthur James). Essava uitl 
Addresses hdinburgh, IS93.-At p. 1K5, CoIhUo 
and the Manchester .School. 

Bissott (Andrew). Xotes on the Anti-Corn L«i 
•Struggle. London, William* & XoreateL It 
Svo, pp. .'«)5. 

Bright (Right Hon. J). Speeohea dell 
Bra<iford on the occasion of the iiw. 

of the Cobden Memorial, withaski 

history of Cobden, the Anti-Corn Law l.«uiirui 
Revised by Mr. Bright. I>oiidon, Bratlfoi 
[printed, 1«77]. Svo. 81,38. df. 6. (II.) 

Bullock (Thomas Austin). Richar.I CoWen. ( 
study for young men.) Undon, .Simpkij 
Marshall k Co. [1866]. Svo, pp. 47. IQOL 

CO. «1. (a. ) 

Cobden (Richard): sein Leben und sein Wirkei 
Von einem FreihHiidlcr und FriedeuKfreund' 
Brenien(Nordenprinted), 18(ia .Svo. 10SI7 bb 

Cobden (Richard), the I-Viend of the People. Tf 
story of his life told for popular readin 
I-ondon [l!<77/j. 8vo. pp. 10. lUSfJ3. b. 1. (m" 

'-ooke (Francos K). An Kuplish Hero; the ator 
of Richard Colxlen, written for young i>eoi>li' 
London, Sonnenichein 4 Co., 1886. Svo, pp. ir 

Dino Carina ( ). Ricoardo Cobden. (Eloirio 

Firenze, ISe.-;. I2rao. 10817. aa. ]5. * 

Dunckley (H.). Richard Cobden and the Jubil, 
of l-ree Trade. Ac. By H. Dunckley, P. Lero*^ 
Beauheu, Thoodor Barth, I^eonard Courtner 
[and] Charles Pelham Villiera. With Introduo 
tion by Richard Gowing. London, T. Kiahi 
Unwin. 1896. 8vo. pii. 240. 08-».'i. f 1 

Dyer (George H.I. Richard (>>bden. London 
Dyer IJroe. [18821. ICmo. pp. 16.-On6 of thi 
Penny Popular Biograjihios." 10803. aa. a (X\ 

Six Men of the People, Ac. Richard Cobdi 

......By a. H. Dyer. London, Dyer Bi 

[18S2J. Svo. lOHOrj. aa. 6. (2.) 

[Edge ({•■ M.)] Richard U>bdeii at Home. Br 
r. M. E. London, Manohestcr printed [186H) 
Svo, pp. :«.-The writer was Frederic MiJne 
Ivdge, at one time on the atatr of the Moniinir 
Star, and afterwards secreUry of the Northern 
Department of the Reform I^eague. 

Emerton (Rev. ,L A.), D.D. An Inaugural Addreta, 
on the formation of the Cobden Memorial 
Class for teaching French by means of tli» 
translation of the Bible, delivered at Roohd&Ie. 
8 .January, I8(i7. Reprinted from the llitrhrlale 
O'Kfnrc, 12 June, IS07. Rochdale, 1S(I7. Hvo 
Gowiug (Richard). Richard Cobden. London 
Cassell i; Co., 1886. 8vo, pp. 128. -One of •' Th* 
W orld 8 Worker! " Sones. 10001. bbb. 


io*s.u.jrLv2!).i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Uobart (Vere Henry, Ijord). Tho Mission of 

KichardCobden Reprinted from J/ao/ii/toi'* 

Alaga-jne. London [ IHUT]. Mvo. 8139. aa. 

IHoItzendorfr(F. von). Richard C'obden von F. 
von Holtzendorlf. Vireliow (H.) and Holtzen- 
dorff-Viotniangdorf (F. v.) .Samnilunp geinein- 
venilandliclier M'issensehaftliclier VorlriiKe, 
herausKeKeliea von R. Vircbow und F. von 
Holtzendorff. Berbu, 186e, kc. Series I. 
Heft 17. 8vo. 
[n Memoriani. Richard Cobden, his Life and 
Times. I^ndon [lH»i5]. 8vo. 10817 cc. 
Johnson (Joseph). Life of Richard Cobdnn : the 
Apostle of Free Trade and Champion of the 
Rights of the Industrious Classes. Manchester 
[1865]. Svo, pp. IB. 

»Kr«tzsi:hniar (AuKUste). Richard Cobden, der 
Aiwstel der Handelsfroiheit uud die jiingste 
ataatsiikononiiwhe Revolution in (irossbritan- 
nien. Naoh der besten en^lischen und fran- 
iKjsinehen Quellen. Griinnm, 1846. 12mo. Hiio. 
a. ti9. (-2.) 
Levi (L.). On Richard Cobden. An Introductory 
Lecture, delivered in Kine's Collefi^e, London, 
Ac. London, 18«i5. Svo. ttSB. bb. 10. 
Mad^iilchrist (John), of London. Richard Cobden, 
the Apostle of Free Trade, his Political Career 
and I'ublicbervicea. A Biography. [Illustrated 
with j)hotographB. ] London, Lock wood &tio., 
IStil. 8vo, j.p. vii, 2!M. 1(1817. aa. •l\ 

Het Leven van Richard Cobden. den Apoatel 

^B van V'rijen Handel. Uit het Engelsch door 
^B E. C. Mackay. Amsterdam, K. H. Schadd, 

■ I860. 8vo. pp.328. 

Mallet (Sir L.). The Political Opinions of Richard 

Colxien. London, Macmillau t Co., ISffit. Svo, 

pp. viii. (M. 8008. aaa. 
Memorial Verses on Richard Cobden, 1865. (Cobden 

Club Leaflet, No. 20) 
Morley (Right Hon John). The Life of Richard 

Cobuen. 2 vols. London, Chapman A Hall, 

■ 1881. Svo. 210(i. f. 6.— This has gone through 
nine editions, and has been translated into 
French by Sophie Ralfalovich. 
Parkinson (Rev. H. U'.). Richard Cobden. A 
Lecture delivered in the Public Hall, Rochdale, 
^_ 27 February, 1868. Reiirioted from the Rochdale 
^ft Obaerfer. TiTof/u/aye (XMe'ver Office [1868]. Svo, 

■ pp. IK. 

Prentics (Archibald). History of the Anti-Corn 
Law Leai^e. Ix>udon, 1853. Svo, 2 vols.— 

bThis, although not a biography in form, is a 
mine of information rcai>ecting Cobden's public 
Ritchie (J. E.). The Life of Richard Cobden [by 
J. E. Ritchie] : with a faithful likeness from 
a photogrsiih by Easthani, kc. London [1860]. 
Fol. 10816. i. 
Rogers (James K. Thorold). A Sermon preached 
at West Lavinglon Church on Sunday, !) April, 
186.5. Oxford and fx>ndon, 1866. Hvo, m>. 16. 
M.F.L.— A sermon on the death of Colxien, 

t preached and printed at the request of the 
ogers (JamPR Edwin Thorold). Cobden and 
Modern Political Ojiinion. EssAys mi certain 
political topics. London, Mucmillan A Co., 
1873. Svo. pp. xvi-:lN2 2238. e. 12. 
ilisSuhwube (Madame Julie). Richard Cobdeo, 
Notes aur ses V'oyages, Correspondances et 
Souvenirs, recueillies par Mme. !^alis Scbwabe, 

avec une preface dc M. (J. Molinari. Vatiu 
1879. 8yo, pp. xvi-384. 10020. ee. H. 

Reminiscences of Richard (.Cobden. compiled 

by Mrs. Sajis Schwabe. With a Preface by 
Lord Farror. London, T. Fisher Unwin, 
18ft-.. Svo, |ip. xvi-9KI. 10815. e. IS. 

Say (Li^ou). Cobden : Ligue centre lea Lois Cir^ales 
et Disoours Politiques. Paris [1888 Jl. 18nio 
pp. 30*. M.F.L.— A French translation of 
various speeches and writings, with intro- 

Scott (A. T.). In Memoriam. The Life and 

Labours of Richard Cobden to which is 

appended an account of the Funeral. London. 
1865. Svo. 10825. bb. 33. (6.) 

.Sibree (James). Richard Cobden : Philanthropist 
and Statesman. Hull, London [18651. lUnio. 
10817. a. 49. 

Walcker (Carl). Richard Cobden's Volkswirtli- 
schaftlicheund politische Ansichten, auf Cruiid 
aeltercn und neuerer (juellen systeniatisch 
dargestellt. Hamburg, I.«i|>zig [jiriutcd], ISS5. 
Svo, pp. vi-91. 8229. d. ;15. (7.) 

Watkin (Sir Edward William). Hart. Alderman 
Cobden, of Manchester. Letters and reniinia- 
ccncea of Richard (Jobdon, »ith portraits, 
illustrations, kc. London, Ward k Lock 
[1891]. 4to. pp. 218. 10816. g. 10. 

Withers (J. R.). Elegy on the late Richard 
Cobden, M.P. Manchester, 1805, Svo. pn. 8. 

Woods (J. Crawford). In Memory of Ricliard 
Cobden, a Sermon [on Isaiah x. 18, and 

Matt. XXV. .34, 35, 40] preached 9 Jnly, 1865. 

Adelaide, 1865. Svo. 10H1& bbb. 15. (.3.) 

William E. A. Axon. 

{To btconlinatd.) 


WiTHOOT any departure from democratic 
principle.s, the study of family history in tho 
United States has been approached from 
many standpoints since our second President, 
John Adams, expre88e<l liis views of the 
matter in a letter to Hannah Adams, "the 
author of the first book written by a womaii 
in America." "You and I," he wrote, "are 
undoubtedly related by birth, and although 
we were both born in 'humble obscurity' 
[she had made tliis reference to lierself in one- 
of her dedications to him], yet I presume 
neither of us has any to regret that 

"If I could ever supriose that family pride was in 
any case excnsable, 1 should think a descent from 
a line of virtuous, independent New Knglmid 
farmers for one hundred and sixty years was a 
better foundation for it than a descent through 
royal and litlcd nooundrels ever since the Flood."— 
HuuMjiuhl, Ocoembor 7 

These words call to mind those concluding 
the fir.>it chapter of Irving's ' Life of \Va,shing- 
ton': "Hereditary rank may be an illu.sion ; 
but hereditary virtue gives a patent of innate 
uobloness beyond all the blazonry ot Osca 


NOTES AND QUERIES, iw ». n. jvly -si. iw*. 

HeraldV College." Washington hira.'self re- 
sponded at some length to a request for an 
account of his family, though he had little 
time or inclination for such research. Cp. 
Jfav York GeneiU. ami Biog. Record, xxxiii. 
300, 208, October, 1902. 

" Poor Richard's " autobiography evinces 
clearlv enough that he investigates! the 
genealogy of the Franklin family ; but we 
Are rather startled by the fact, recently de- 
veloped, that he made of it a protracted 
study. Cp. ' Benjamin Franklin as a Genealo- 
gist, Prnnsi/li'tiiiia Jf(i'ja:inif of J/inlori/ and 
Jiionrajih;/, vol. xxiii. No. 1, pp. 1-22 (l!^9). 

Tliere iiave been many Americans of un- 
doubted democracy who have undertaken 
moi-e or les.s extensive genealogical research, 
«r have confes-sed tliat pedigree is something 
more tlian a word. In the present genera- 
tion we have had Oliver Wendell Holmes, in 
'The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table' (1859, 
1882, ifcc), declaring, somewhat facetiously, it 
is true, in favour of "a man of family," while 
James G. Blaine has told us that President 
" Garfield was proud of his blood; and, with aa 
much satisfaction aa if he were a Hrilikli nobleman 
readiui; his stately ancestral record in ISurke's 
' Peerage,' ho spoke of himself as ninth in iluscent 
from thoae who would not endure the oppression of 
the Stuarts, and seventli in descent from the brave 
French Protestants who refused to submit to 
tyranny even from the Grand Monanjue." 

"(jenerai (jarfield deliKhled to dwell on these 
traits, and, during his only visit to Kngland, he 
busied himself in searchinj^ out every trace of his 
forefatliers in parish registries and on ancient army 
rolls. .Sitting with a friend in the gallery of the 
House of Coniniuiis one nicht, aft«r a long day's 
labor in this field of research, he said, with evident 
elation, that in every war in which for three cen- 
lories )iatriots of Kuglish blood had struck sturdy 
blows fur constitutional government and human 
liberty, his family had boon represented. They were 
at Marston Moor, atNoseby, and at Preston ; they 
were at bunker Hill, at Saratoga, and at Mon- 
atouth ; and in bis own person had battled for the 
tfnc great cause in the war which preserved the 
_Won of the States."— Cp. ' Memorial Address on 
the Life and Character of President (-arfield,' 
Washington, D.C., 'J7 February, ISS2, pp. fi-8. 

The foregoing illustrations might be multi- 
plied many times, did space permit or occa- 
sion require. They will servo to show tiiat 
genealogy in America is not without some 
support " in high quarters." 

KuoENE Faikfieli) McPike. 

Chicago, U.S. 


1 Hknry r\'.,' III. i. 1.11.— 
I hod rather hear a t>ra/.<*n eanstick turned, 
right's note reminds us that the turning of 
dlesticks was carried ou in Lothbury, and 

part t>y 

disht*, II 

fore tlf^H 

he adduces a quotation that proves the potn 
It seems worth notice that wi» obtain fullei 
detail* from Slow's 'Survey of London.' In 

I treating of Lothbury. Stow says :— 

j "This street is ]K«a«tsed for the most part by 
founders, that c<ut candlestick!:, rhcifiii^* dishci, 

I spioe-mortars, and such likeoii 

I and do afterward turn them v. 

with the wheel, to make iheiu 

with turning and scrating (as some do tei _ 
making a loathsome noiso to the by-iMissor* 
have not been used to the like, and tnerafore 
by ihein disdaiufullie called Lothberie " 

A delicious etymology. I presume that 
" wheel " means a " lathe." But how oni 
turns a candlestick "with the foot" only, 
do not clearly understand. 

Walter W. Skeat. 

' 1 Hknky IV.,' II. iii. 38.— Hotspur, i-ead'^ 
ing a lukewarm letter about the plot 
templated, says : — 

" O, I could divide myself, and go to bufTeta, fo 
moving such a dish of skimmed milk with 
honourable an action ! Hang him I Let him 

the king." 

W. J. Crai^ says in his notes to th 
miniature edition of Messrs. Methuen : — 

" Divide myself : I have not met this expresaic 
elsewhere, but it may mean * I will mangle my goo 
name.' " 

Surely the passage means, to paraphrase it 
" I could kick myself, or beat myself, 
being such a fool as to urge this spiritlc 
creature to join in the affair." But that ; 
anatomically impossible, Hot.spur preii 
"I could 'divide myself,' make myself 
two, that one half of myself miglit beat the 
other." HiPPOcuDEs. 

" Poor Allinda 's liRowiNo old." (See 1* 
iii. 264.) — According to a story told by the 
first Earl of Dartmouth (see Burnet's Own 
Time," Oxford edition, 1823, vol. i. p. 4581 
his uncle Will Logge, at Charles II. 's request^ 
used to sing to the Duchess of Cleveland,! 
who was getting elderly, a ballad beginning] 
with these lines : — 

Poor Allinda 's growing old. 
Those charms are now no more ; 

by which she was to understand that the 
king no longer caretl for her. When »'ritin((1 
his delightful 'Story of Nell Gwyn,' moral 
than half a century ago, Peter CunnirighamJ 
endeavoured to trace the source of the 
verses through ' N. it Q.,' but in vain.. 
Through the kindness of Mr. G. Thoral 
Drury, than whom, I think, few are niorol 
intimately acquainted with the bypaths of| 
seventeenth-century ballad literature, I um 

10* 8. u. jcLv 23, 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




enabled to suggest that the following is what 
Lord Dartmouth had in mind : — 

A SoNc. 
When Aurelia first 1 courted, 

ijho had Youth aod Be&uty too, 
KiUiUK Pleasures vrheu nhe ii|>orted. 

And lier Charms were ever new ; 
Conuuering Time dolh now deceive her. 

Which her glories did uphold. 
All her Arts can ne'r retrieve her. 

Poor Aiiirlia '« growing old. 

The airy Siiirita which invited, 

Are relir d and move no more ; 
Anil^ ihose Kyes are now benighted, 

Wliich were Comets heretofore. 
Want of theae abate [nic] her merits 

V'et 1 ve passion for her Name, 
Onl_y kind and am'rous (Spirits ; 

Kindle and maintain a flame. 

This is to be found araoni; ' Songs in Fashion, 
Since the publishing of the last New Academy 
of Complements,' in Head's 'The Canting 
Academy,' second edit., 1674, p. 14i. 

Ita Tkstor. 

Leonakd Cox.— According to the ' D.N.B.' 
Cox graduated at the beginning of the 
sixteenth century at Cambridge, removed to 
Oxford in 1528, and about 1640 travelled on 
the Continent, visiting the Universities of 
Paris, Wittenberg, Prague, and Cracow 
(Lolaud, 'Encomia Illustrium Virorum,' 
p. 60)._ If the latter date is correct, this 
was his second tour on the Continent, 
because he was at Locse (Leutschovia) in 
Northern Hungary in 1520, according to 
tSperfogel's ' Chronicle ' :— 

"Kodcni anno feria sexl-a ante Lietare [16 March] 
1). M. Johanu Henckel plebanus Leutschov. una 
cum judioe el jiiratis civibus rectorem acholic 
egregium Leonhardum Coxiini de Anglia poetam 
laureatnm installarunt, bieiiiiio uui elariso achola) 
Cassoviensis Rector farlus eat.'^ — 'Monumenta 
Hnnganw A rchtcologica,' iii., Hensxhuann's article, 
p. 4 1 (Bnt. Mua. proxsinark Ac. 8^6/6). 

John Henckel, the friend of Eraarans and 
Melanchthon, was plelxinui at Lucse from 
1513 to 1522. He l>ecamo subsequently court 
chaplain of Mary, Queen of Hungary, sister 
of Charles V. 

The pronoun (/«»' nmloubtedly refers to 

Cox, and thus we learn tlie ncwn hIho tlua. in 

"522 ho wn« made the h«)ul nn lii< 

chool at Kassa, another city in i , df 

Hungary " u i,, iL 

DiADEMX.— In the Dmbj ■ 
I4th inst. is the following pro' 
tbsurd custom " of calling diamuna LUiUluius 
"naras : — 

• T! ^ , 

land I 

•■"'" I' 

in form, and in several ways symbolical. What is 
the matter with the pretty word <lwlrm, or the 
still better one rarcamJ, with its reminiscence of 
that si>leDdid line— 

A captain jewel ia the carcanet ?" 

A. N. Q. 
[The Globe edition gives the line as— 

Ur captain jewels in the carcanet.] 

"KiuADooN."— In an article in the July 
number of the NineUnUU Centnri/, Ijody 
Currie quotes the lines from Wilde's ' Ballade 
of Reading Jail ' ; — 

They mocked the moon in a rigadoon 
Of delicate turn and twist, 

and asks, " What is a rigadoon ] " 

Higadoon. according to Funk's ' Standard 
Dictionary, 1002, is (1) an old, gay, quick 
dance for two, originating, probably, in 
Provence, also the music of such a dance ; 
(2) formerly, a beat of the drum, used in the 
Froucli army when culprits were marching to 
punishment (Fr. rigodim, a dance). 

John Hebb. 
[See I'ROF. Skkat's note on the word, IC" S. J. 4.] 

FooTi'BiNxa or the Gods. (See 9'''' S. vi. 
163, 223, 322, 391 ; vii. 233 ; xi. 375.)— I should 
like to add to my previous articles the 
following fragments : — 

Twan Ching-Shih (d. 863 a.d.) says in his 
' Ytj-yang-tsah-tau,' Japanese edition, 1697, 
torn. i. fol. 9a : — 

" In modem times it is a marriage custom for 

the bridegroom's parents to come out of a side gate 
and enter through the main gate just after the bride 
has entered it. saying that they ought thus to tread 
on her footprints." 

To judge from similar cases I have quoted 
previously, this seems to imply that the 
relatives are more closely connected by 
uniting their footsteps. 

The same work, torn. xix. fol. Ca, states: — 

" If a man wishes the egg-plant to fruit abundantly, 
he should wait till it begins to blossom, and then 
cover » fontjinlh with its leaves, scattering ashes 
overt! .ive men's ste]>B." 

This the Chinese belief that a 

man's loi'i mysterious ability to 

impart hi *er to the plants. 

..^ MAOUSII Minakata- 
Mount Naclu, Kii, Jatwn. 

■" ' ii-, WilliaiQ 
I iiias Camp- 


1,, , : t.-d. 

T!m "{ 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- s. u. Jolt a. ij»l 


ever, an occasion arase for examination of 
the point, witli the result that a curiouH 
revelation was made. Turning to the passage 
I indicated, one finds a long letter written by 
<Jampbell from Algiers, one item discussed 
being the Barbary fig. The following extract 
^viIl show what misled the index-maker in 
liis haste : — 

"Its fruil, called the Barbary iig, so rich ajid 
delicious, ^rows on tho rond side, to the size of s 
lemon : it la to be bsd for the gklhering, sod sells 
at twelve for a hou. These are a day's food for an 
Arab or a Cabyle. The latter it the old Xumidiaii, 
different both from the Moor and the Arab." 

It is very diverting to find the author of 
' Sartor Kesartus ' confounded with an old 
Numidian, and regarded as a dyspeptic 
epicure carefully economizing his dozen Bar- 
bary figs. Thomas Baynk. 

Names common to both Se.ves.— The fol- 
lowing extract from an unknown source seems 
worth recording in permanent form : — 

" Somebody has discovered that the editor of 
a backwoods newsjiaiier in America bears tho 
name ' Mary Jane.' It is rather a long way to go 
ior a curiosity which is a good deal nearer at band. 
Kvelyn, Anne, and Mary are among the Christian 
names borne by men in this country. To balance 
matters, we have the name Arthur employed for 
nearly all the women of the Annesley family ; while 
Lady Robinson is Eva Arthur Henry. The late 
Karl of Arundell was, iii/tr aJia, Mary Fitmlan- 
Uoward. But tlie name Mary is popularly used in 
Roman Catholic families. Of different origin was 
s curiously named son of that L/jrd Westmorland 
who wooed and won, surreptitiously, the pretty 
slaughter of a banker. ' What would you do if you 
were in love with a lady and her father refused his 
consent?' he had asked the wealthy Child, her 
father. 'Why, run away with her, of course, was 
the answer. Westmorland took the advice and did 
rnn away with her. The old man did not forRive 
the i>air. but left all his wealth to their eldest child 
<^lled (Sarah. To protect themselves, the anxious 
mother and father called all their children Sarah, 
even their son.'' 


46, Marlborough Avenne, HulL 

Electkic Telegraph Anticipated. — The 
original MS. Commonplace Book, in my 
possession, of that eminent lawyer Heneage 
Finch (afterwards Earl of Nottingham and 
Lord Chancellor), 1C47, contains on p. 4(i~ the 
following remarkable anticipation of the 
electric telegraph invented some two hundred 
years afterwards : — 

" How to discourse with one beyond sea. Agree 
with y jiarly Iwfore his de[>arture at what time 
you will discourse and you may effect it thus: 
make a Circle wherein y" Alphabet shall l>e con- 
t«ined, within thin put a needle, under y' Table 
move a loadstone tu those letter[s] of which you 
Would comi>ose yo' words, and then the needle will 
tQove aecordiuii to the loadaloue, y party beyond 

sea must haue such a circle and needle, and then 
y' motion of yo' loadstone his needle will moue 
y letters in y* Circle." 

In the opposite margin are the letters "D. B.,j 
which appear to be the initials of the persoi 
who gave this information to the wri''" 
(Heneagu Finch). 

It is not, however, at all clear how tl 
telegraphic communication was to be mi_ 
between the parties without connect! _ 
wires, lire. It seems to mo that the idea, was 
suggested by the mariner's compass, wliich 
was then well known. W. I. R. V, 

[See also o"- S. ii. 483 : O"- 8. Ji. aUe, *(a ; iu. fiS.] 

" Cry you mkrcy, 1 took you for a jqr 
STOOL."— In ' Narcissus, a Twelfe Night 
rimenf (1600), in the third Porter's sf 
of the appendix (ed. Margaret Lee, If 
Nutt), the following passage occurs at p. 34 ! 

" Some of them are heires, all of good abili _ 
I beseech your lordshipp with the rest of the toyuq 
atooles, I would say the bench, take my fooUa| 
iudgment. Is. letl them fine for it, merce the 
according to their merritts and their purses, 
shall all fare the better for it." 

Does this pun throw light on the Fool'a 
exclamation in ' Lear ' (III. vi. 54), when 
Goneril is arraigned before the mock beno^ 
of justicers 1 He may mean " I took 
for one of the bench (not a prisoner) ' 
addressing a stool supposed to represent] 
The expression occurs earlier in Siiakesp 
and in Lj'ly. 

In this 'Merriment' there are sever 
obvious echoes of Shakespeare, chiefly, 
the editor points out, from ' 1 Henry IV., 
showing tho immediate popularity of th 
inimitable play. But she has not referred 
to the earlier Twelfth Night 'Narcissus' 
acted at C^ourt by the " (Jhildren of the 
Chappell" in l.'i71. It is twice mentioned 
in Cunningham's 'Revels' Accounts' (Shakai 
Soc, 1842, pp. 11. 13). Tiiis play is lost. Buf 
the reprint of the ' Merriment,' which wa 
acted at St. John's, Oxford, and which th^ 
writer claims to be " Ovid's owne Narcissus ' 
(p. 6), may be. and very likely is, the old 
play with the Head Porter's parts added i 
to suit the situation. It is in the Porter'd 
uarts the Shakespearian references occur? 
In the 'Revels' Accounts' we have "for the 
hunters that mode the crye after the fox, 
(let loose in the Coorte) with the hounde 
homes, and hallowitig in the playe of Nar-3 
cissus"; and "money to him due, for hLa 
device in couuterfeting Thunder i Light 
ning in the play nf" A hunt (o 
a hare) crosses the stage iu the reprint ; 
there is a suggestioD of a stortu. 

H. C. UAfiT. 

io<'s.ii.juLv23.i9(M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Wk miiHl reijueat oorreipniidenta desirinK io- 
foriimtion on family matters of only private int«re«t 
to atiix their names and addresses to their <|ueriei, 
in order that the answers may be addressed to them 

Shakespeare's Sonnet xx\^.— It isao very 
remarkable that nearly all the best com- 
mentators on this sonnet fail even to attempt 
an explanation of it.s last two lines, that I 
am euiboldene<l to ask the memberii of that 
strong b<M]y of Shakaperian experta who 
from time to lime contribute their knowledge 
to these pages what ia the beat accepted 
solution of these following and probably very 
important lines : — 

Theti may I dare to boaal how I do love thee, 
Till then, not show uiy head where thuu roaysl 
I>rove me. 

Tlie author clearly means that when his 
position is improved he will then remove the 
veil of secrecy at present concealing him, 
i.e., he would snow his head somewhere where 
liis patron would be able to prove his identity. 
This seems to be the plain English of the 
last line. Was this promise ever fulfilled 1 
It has been suggested by many eminent 
Shaksperians that this sonnet accompanied 
' Lucrece ' when sent to the Earl of Soutliamp- 
tou, the " Lonl of my love." It has also been 
suggested quite recently that the true author 
showed his head at the very beginning of the 
first two lines of ' Lucrece,' especially as they 
were printed in the first eidition. My query, 
therefore, is this. Is there any better solution 
or explanation? For no Sliaksperian ran 
possibly accept this, plausible as it may 
appear to be. Ne Qdid Nimis. 

Thackeray Illustrations.— Can any one 
supplv a list of pictures and drawings (not 
included as illustrations in editions of 1 liacke- 
ray's works) descriptive of scenes iu Thacke- 
ray's novels ? L. M. 

Bsowytsa SociETiK-s. — Can any of your 
readers tell me where I can get a li«t of the 
Browning Societies in England 7 A. W. P. 

' tn 

Milton's S<jxnet xil— 

As when those hinds that wore transformed to frogs 
uled at l^toua's twin-tiorn progeny. 

Where shaJl I find the legend of the hinds 
in question ! I knuw. of course, all about 
the twin-born progeny of Latona, H. T. 

Disraeu ok Oulmtovs.— Can any oblig- 
ing reader of • X. & O ' '* ' with a long 
memory, tell me th « Disraeh 

dflKnbed his Lxmnun opponent 

as " an egotistical rhetorician, inel)riate<l with 
the exuberance of his own vcrliositv, and 
never failing in a superabundance of argu- 
ments to vilify an opponent or to glorify 
himself"? My iiuotation is, I think, very 
nearly correct. 1'>)\vauii P. Wolkkrstan. 

46, Lincoln's Inn Kields. W.C 

[Cui. Dalbiac ipvea the date as 1)S78, and Ihn 
words as "a sophistical rhetorician, inebriated 
with the exnberanco of bin own verbimily, and 
gifted with an egiHislical imagination, that can nl 
all limes command an interniinablo and inconsinlent 
aeries of arKunicnls to muliKn an oppononl kmiI to 
glorify himself "(' Dictionary of t^iiolatioun,' 1800, 
1>. 13).J 

Bathinu-Machiniw. — What is the date, 
who was the maker, and who the publisher 
of the earliest known engraving, or paint- 
ing, of a bathingniachiiio ? There is a very 
early one in the hnreaii of the library of the 
city of Hamburg. Its scene is, I think, 
the beach at Brighton, under the regency or 
the reign of Oeorge IV. E. 8. Dodoson. 

Scandinavian Blshops.— The names and 
dates of consecration and death of the Arch- 
bishops of Drontheim. from 1148 to 1408, and 
the names and dates of the Bishops of Sliakolt 
and Ilolar for the same period, will be very 
gratefully received by the writer, who lives 
far from "libraries. Fuancksc a. 

TfioMAS Hood. — In the ' Memorials of 
Thomas Hood ' (vol. i. p. 11) occurs the follow- 
ing foot-note : — 

" My uncle [John Jlsmilton Reynolds] is often 
referred to in the letters ik '.lolin.' A frecinnnl 
corresp' ' .l^ kept up Ixjiwi ■ ' •' --^il 

him, wi have ttlfordcd i- ii 

value !■_' • compilation ot ' ■ " 

I regret (osuy they are unavailable, omiig to .Mis. 
.lohn Ucynolds' refusal t<j allow u« acccm t-o lh«in. 
It i« a. great disaiijKiintment that the public should 
l>c thuB(Iei«rive<iof vihtttwriulil become it« proimrty 
after publicatioD— the record" o( one of its noted 

I shall feel greatly obliged to any rea<ler of 
'N. ii ii: who will tell me whether the 
correspondence referre<l to is still in existcooe, 
and if so, in whose possession it is. 

Walter Jekkolu. 
Hampton -on-Thames. 

(Jlaks Paistkils.— .Since I.yon, the alaiis 
painter, what artists have plied their craft in 
Exeter 1 and what of their work has Innni 
intro(luce<J into the cathclral ! Also, can the 
Oxford artisU lx» name<l after the sevenUx-iith 
century ? J. W. K- 

Fleetwood Cakinkt. (S<«e !)"• 8. iii. 347.) 
—In IHHl the annual meeting nf thn K«H»^ 
Archieological in*Ut.MVfc.«»»A\\ttV4^ «.\.»AVasSS.. 


I The 

I alii rf» 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lO'' s. ii. julv a. imP 

The Thirty- fourth Report of the Bedford- 
shire Architectural and ArchHX)logical Society 
(1881) contaiua the foUowinK : — 

"The Fleelwocxl Cabinet. — Uuriog the visit 
of the Inatitiite several niembera, who were in- 
troduced by Mr. H. Tcbbs, visited Grove }{ouse, 
Bromhani Road, the residence of Miss Corcoran, 
who kindly aJlowed the juirty to inspect the coally 
ebony cabinet formerly belonKini; to Bridget, 
daugnter of Oliver Croiun°ell, wno married Lieut.- 
Oeneral Charles Fleetwood after the death of 
General Ireton, her tirst husband." 

The report continuea with a minute descrip- 
tion of the cabinet, and mentions that it 
waa de»cribed in one of the magazines in 
1841. Can some Bedfordshire reader of this 
paragraph state who is the present owner, as 
Miss Corcoran, if living, ha.s apparently 
removed? R. W. B. 

Rev, John Williams.— Can any of your 
readers eive me any information as to the 
life of the Rev. John Williams, forty years 
master of Ysirad Metric Grammar School, 
Cardiganshire ? He died in 1618. 

Aethur W. Thomas, M.D. 

Carmelita, Crablon Close Road, Boscombe. 

William Warton, 1704.— Any clue to the 
above, who is in the lists of people painted 
by Sir Joshua Reynolds, will oblige. 

A. a H. 

Hone: a Portrait.— I have in my possession 
a very fine enamel miniature of an unknown 
lady by Nathaniel Hone, signed, 1740. I 
should be much obliged if any of your 
readers could help me to identify it, or tell 
me if there is an authenticated list of 
Nathaniel Hone's works. The portrait is in 
its original pinchbeck frame, and has been 
in my family very many years. 

M. Nybjin. 

14, Clifton Crescent, Folkestone. 

LisK. — I seek information concerning a 
family named Lisk in Scotland. Nisbet's 
* Heraldry,' vol. i. p. 216, gives : "The name 
of Lisk, Argent, three mascles azure ; and on 
a chief Rules as many maaclos of the first. — 
i'ont's Manuscript." Nisbet adds no remarks 
of his own to what he finds in Pont. 

David C Lusk. 

Eijas Tra verb's Diaky.— A writer in the 
lirttUh Qmrltrh/ J{et'ifw, vol. Iv. (1872), says 
the utipublisho<i diary of Elias Travers came 
into his possession through a friend into 
whoso collection the MSS. of Law (author of 
'Serious Call') and those of Dr. Lee^ son-in- 
law of Mrs. Jane Lead, passed. Travers (1G76- 
1C81) was chaplain to Sir T. Barn[ar?]di8ton,of 
Kelton Hall. The diary is said to be written 

in " the minutest character and in very 
Latin." The late Canon Overton, who pol 
lishfd a book ou William Law, once wrote r 
me that he had never heard oi this diary 
found any trace of it. Can any one tell mo 
anything about this diary ? Where c&d it be 
seen 1 J. Foster, D.CI>. 

Tathwell Vicarage, Louth, Linus. 

Tbe White Company : " Naker." — In 
A. (Jonau Doyle's novel of this name the me 
composing the company are described 
English archers, whilst Dr. Brewer, in 
'Dictionary of Phrase and Fable,' states tht 
they were "a band of French cut-throat 
Were there two " White Companies," or I 
somebody blundered 1 

In the novel the word naker is more tha 
once used in the sense of a trumpet ; 
does it not properly mean some kind 
drum 1 V. O. B. 

TAnnandale's ' lm|^«rial Dictionary' and til 
' KucycIoiHedic ' derive iialer from L.L. fiafara,] 
kettledrum, and so define it.J 

AiRAT LT.— Can you give me any particala 
of this family, part of which were of Rhe 
Island, N.Y., about the year 1770) 

J. PnjL 

(^DTANtE.s, Winchester, and the Chab 
Islands.- On 20 January, 1600, a Bull 
Pope Alexander VI. tran»ferre<l the Chaanf 
I.-ilands from the diocese of Couiances to tfc 
of Winchester (Rymer's ' Fu-dera,' xii. 74 
What occasion was there for this Bull 1 Wi 
it ever revoked? EdwanJ VI. seems to ha,\ 
ordered that the Bishop of Coutances shou 
be considered as diocesan of the Chana^ 
Islands in all things not contrary to the la« 
of the realm. (See ' S. P. Dom. Add. Elii 
ix. 38.) Where is the text of this order 
be found? At the beginning of Elizabetli^ 
reign the priests of Guernsey were "swot 
subjects of the Bishop of Coutances " ('S. T 
Dom. Add. Eliz.,' ix. 53). From this it wou 
appear that at some period or other, lietwe 
1500 and 1560, the Bull of Alexander VI. ha 
been revoked. Did the Pope or the Quec 
order anything further in this luatHer in tl 
reign of Queen Elizabeth ? 

John B. Wainewrioht. 

St. Ninian's Church.— Bede wrote tha 
St. Ninian's Church was called Candic' 
Casa l>ecause it was built of stone, which w« 
unusual among the Brit.ons. 

Seebohm, in 'The English Village 
munity,' in a foot-note on p. 239, says : 
make a royal house more pretentious tl* 
bark is peeled off, and it is called ' the Whit 

10^ 8. iL JcLY 23, 19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




Is it not strange that the natives should 
have given to a stone building, which was a 
novelty, the name they comraonly used for 
a familiar type of wooden building ? Surely 
also it ia improbable that the name Candida 
Casa would suggest itself to the mission- 
aries as appropnate for an ordinary stone 

On the other hand, if " Candida Casa '' was 
neither the name that the missionaries were 
likely to give of their own accord to a stone 
church, nor the translation of the name that 
the natives were likely to apply to a stone 
church, it is the name which the missionaries 
most probably did give to a roj'al house, and 
which would bo the most natural translation 
of the native name for a royal house. 

No satisfactory site has teen found for the 
original church. Could it possibly have 
been made of wood, like the house of a native 
king 1 Bede's tale of stone may well be an 
explanation of his own for the uncommon 
name. (It will be remembered that the 
tribal house was pillared like a rude Gothic 
cathedral ; though I am not sure that this 
makes it any more probable that St. Niniau's 
church was of wood.) D. C. L. 

The REtTORs oi' Crowhitrst, Sussex. — 
Some years ago I published a list of our 
rectors which I had obtained from the 
Bishop's Registry, commencing 1396. Re- 
cently, however, I have come across 'A List 
of the Rectors, Prebendaries, and Vicars of 
the I'arixh of Crowhurst, Sussex, presented 
"by the Crown' ('Sussex Arehajological Col- 
lections.' xvii. 106 ; xxi. i7, bS). Tliis list 
[dates from 12T3 to 1471, but the names do 
not even in one instance coincide. I should 
be glad of any suggestion which would. eluci- 

»date this mystery. J. P. Bacon-Phillips. 
Crowhur»t Rectory. .Sussex. 
Isabella Basset, 1346.— Isabella, wife of 
Simon, Lord Basset of Sapcote, was daughter 
of William, Lord Boteler of Wem. Was this 
the first or second William, Lord Boteler? 
Who was I.sabclia's mother? She seems to 
have been living a widow in 1346. Her 
husband was dead in 1328. W. G. D. F. 

f 'Road Scrapings.'— This is the title of a 

series of twelve etchings published in 1840-41 

by N. Calvert, No. 30, Wakefield Street, 

Regent's Sc]uare. They represent coaching 

and travelling scenes, and are drawn and 

etched by an artist whose signature appears 

a be C. LI. J., or it may be C. I., with these 

litials ropeato<l upside down. Can any of 

ny fellowreaders of ' N. ii Q.' tell me the 

nan's name I C. \V. S. 

(10"' S. i. 468.) 

Tnis same Margaret Biset, who saved 
Henry III. from an assassin on 9 September, 
1238, is mentioned by Matthew Paris (' Hist. 
Angl.,' vol. ii. p. 380) as haying been sent as 
a companion to Henry's sister Isabel, when 
the latter went to Germany to marry the 
Emperor Frederick II. This event took place 
at Worms in the year 1235, Anotlier maid 
also accompanied her ("Cum sua nutrico et 
magistra scilicet Margareta Biset, et altera 
anciUa aurifrigaria Londoniensi"). The story 
of saving Henry's life is given, vol. ii. pp. 412, 
413. Margaret is there described as "quie- 
dam mulier, dominie regime familiaris." In 
the same vol. p. 468, her death is mentioned 
as having taken place at Bordeaux, 1242 
("obiit quoque mulier sanctissima apud Bur- 
degalim Margareta Biset"). In 'Annales 
Monaslici,' vol. iv. p. 431, the story of the 
assassin is once more repeated. It is in that 
part of the volume which gives the ' Annales 
Prioratus de Wigornia.' 

In'Sarum Charters and Documents (ed. 
by Jones and Maoray, p. 74) there is given a 
deed granting to Margaret Biset a corrody 
on the Priory of Maiden Bradley, in Somer- 
setshire, in return for her benefaction to the 
house. The date is ciVca 1210, and the docu- 
ment is a confirmation by the Dean and 
ChapterofSarum of an agreement between the 
Prior of Maiden Bradley and Margaret Biset. 
The facts containe<l in the paper are briefly 
these: Henry Biset, once patron (advoaitiu) 
of the priory, granted to his sister Margaret, 
inasmuch as she was devoted to a life of 
contemplation and was a celibate, the rent 
of a certain place in the manor of Burgate 
("centum solidos redditus in certo loco in 
Maneriode Burgate"), which she for a long 
time held for her own use. But later, pitying 
the poverty of the priory and the misery of 
the lepers there, she gave up the whole of the 
rent to this hospital to be held by it for ever. 
Then it appears that the members of the 
priory assigned an income to her for life, the 
Items of which are mentioned, and amongst 
which is the donation of 2 lb. of pepper 
(duai lihras niperii\ to be presented on the 
Feast of St. Michael. Also she is to possess 
the houses which she has caused to be built 
for theestablishmentC'doraoa in curia nostra 
quas sibi fecit sumptibus suis fabricari '). 
At her death the entire property is to belong 
to the priory. 

Under Maiden Bradley, in L^'mvC* '"« 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no-- 8. a. jclv sj. it 

graphy,'! find it stated that at the north-east 
extremity of this villaKe, and now forming a 
part of a farmhouse, are the remains of an 
nospital founded by Manasser Bixet, about 
the close of the reign of Stephen or at the 
beginning of that of Henry II., and dedicated 
to the Blesse*! Virgin, for leprous women, 
placed under the care of some secular brethren 
(who were afterwards changed by Herbert, 
Bishop of Sarura, into a Prior and Canons of 
the Augustine Order). At its dissolution the 
revenue was 197/. 1&». 8<f. 

It may be of interest to note the other 
contemporary Bisets mentioned by Matthew 
Paris and others. 

In ' Chronica Majora,' iv. 200, in the para- 
graph which follows the account of Margaret 
fiiset's death, Matthew Paris speaks of one 
Walter Biset, who in 1242 being defeated by 
Patrick, Earl of Atholl, in a tournament, 
revenged himself by murdering the earl, 
setting fire to the barn (/lorreum) where he 
was sleeping and burning him to death. 
Walter then ded for protection from the 
pursuing nobles to Alexander II., King of 
Scots, who allowed him to go into exile. He. 
however, came to Henry III. and complained 
that he had been unjustly banished, and 
offered to prove his innocence by combat. 
During the Welsh campaign in 1245 he dis- 
tinguished himself by martial exploits on 
board a vessel conveying provisions to the 
English beleaguered garrison. 

John Biset, d. 1241 (15 January), was Chief 
Forester of England (iirntho/orestarhu). He 
and Gilbert Basset (died same year) are 
described as "Anglia3 Magnates," and as 
men so distinguished in arms that they had 
not their equals in the country. The arras 
of John Biset as given by Matthew Paris are: 
"Azure, t«n bezants, 4, 3, 2, 1." At a proposed 
tournament at Northampton, which was to 
have taken place between the English and 
foreigners (alienifierut), but which was for- 
bidden by Henry III., he was to have fought 
on the side of the latter ('Chron. Maj.,' iv. 
88, 89). 

was one of those who sent the charter of 
King Alexander II. to Pope Innocent IV. 
('Chron. Maj..' iv. 383). 

In ' Kotuli Litterarum Clau.sarum,' vol. ii., 
three Bisets are named under date 1226 : 
Walter Biset. John Biset, and Henry Biset, to 

Lwhom various sums of money are to be paid. 
In the 'Chronicles 'of the reigns of Stephen, 
Henry II., and Richard I. (ed. Richard How- 
lett), in vol. iii. p. 414 (a.d. 1191). a Henry 
Biset is called a friend of the Chancellor 
Longcbamp (vir Jidelis tibi), and warns him 

of a plot that Prince John ha»I on foot 
seize him ; in consequence of which I> — 
champ takes refuge in the Tower of Lou 
and is saved. 

There is in the British Museum^ a 
(equestrian) of one Henry Biset of Fordini 
bridge, co. Hants (No. 5713, early thirteeat 

Another Biset, whose name constant 
recurs in the records, was Manasser Bi 
He lived in the reign of Henry II.. and wi 
his charal>erlain or sewer (dai'i/er). Hi 
signature is appended to many deed*. Ti 
following are some that I have noted : — 

1. ' Chronicon Monasterii de AbingdoB 
(ed. Rev. J. .Stevenson, vol. ii. p. 221). 
writ respecting pannage in the foriiat 
Kingsfrith, addresseti by Henry II. to 
Abbot of Abingdon, ending thus : " test 
Mansero Biset, dapifero ; apud Rothomagum J 
Date Iwtween 1164 and 11W». 

2. ' Chronicles of Stephen, Henry II., 
Richard I.' (vol. iv. p. 34f)). Confirmation 
Henry II. of an agreement between Abl 
Robert of Torigni and Ilualend de Qeni 
(after 1166). Witnessed, "Mansero Bia 

.3. 'Chronicon Abbatiw Rameseiensis ' (e 
W. D. Macray), p. 291. (a) A dee<l 
Molendinis de Iclesford." Henry to till 
Justices, Ac, of Be<ifortl shire and Hertfor 
shire, to allow the Abbot of Ramsey to holi 
the mills (mokudina) of Iclesford. Witness 
Richard, Bp. of London, and Man[asse] Bis 
at Woodstock (a.D. 1154-62). (i) Same d« 
(p. 297). A deed "detenuris," witnessed 
Dunstable by Man[asse] Biseht (some ME 
read Biseth). 

4. 'Materials for the History of Thomi 
Becket'(vol. v. p. 73). Amongst those recordc 
as present at the Council of Clarendon whe_ 
the Ckinslitutions were passed (January, 1164 
was "Manasser Biseth, dapifer." He is ala 
mentioned frequently in the history and 
tulary of the luuuastery of Gloucester. 

Baldred Bissait or Bisset (H. 1303) was 
native of Stirling and rector of Kingshors 
in the diocese of St. Andi-ewg. To him 
attributed the story of the Scottish Corona? 
tion Stone, which he asserted that Scota, the 
daughter of Pharaoh, brought to Scotland 

We find the two names Basset and Bi«e 
together in the ' Calendar of Ancient Deeda 
vol. ii. (a. 3221). "Grant by John de NevilJ 
to Philip Basset of his manor of Wotton, ' 
hold by the service of a, sixth part of 
knight's fee. Witnesses: Gilbert Ba.sset, Joh( 
Biset, William Maudut, and others (naraed^ 
Seal." There is no date to this, but in tfa 

10"' s. iL jcLv 23. 19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


margin Somerset is given as the place. It is 
possible that these two, Gilbert Basset and 
John fiiset, are the same as those of the same 
names (above) who died 1241. 

In another de&l (vol. i. b. I'SHJ) a certain 
Roger, son of llalph Byaet, of Kynuardfery, 
Lines, makes a grant of a croft to Richard 
Burr', of Ouston, and Agnes liis wife, under 
date 1397. 

In Woodward's 'Heraldry' the arms of 
Rissetare given (p. 133) as "Argent, a bend 
sinister gules," auu on p. 191 other arms are 
also assigned to this family, viz., "A^ure, a 
bezant " (cf. the latter with the arms given 
to Juo. Biset by Matthew Paris). 

Many of the Bisets named above seem to 
have been connected with Scotland. Is it 
not possible that they belong to the ancient 
family of Bisset, of Lissendrum, Drurablade, 
near Huntly, Aberdeenshire ? For their 
descendants, lineage, <&c., vuU Burke's 
■ Landed Gentry.' 

It is mentioned in the ' Rhymed History of 
Scotland ' that the Bissets migrated from 
England to Scotland. 

Chcistophke Watson. 

284, Worjile Road, Wimbledon. 

She was a descendant of Manasser Biset, a 
well-known figure in the iniddleof the twelfth 
century, who founded the house of leprous 
women at Maiden Bradley, in Wiltshire. 
Fundiitrix is here used in its common sense 
of "patroness." R. 

Classic and Translator (10"" S. i. 508).— 
The author is Antiphanes, whose surviving 
fragments can be seen in Meiueke's ' Fragmenta 
Comicorum Gnecorum' (rj vols. 1839 -."i"), 
vol. iii. pp, 3 tt/q., and also in Kock's ' Comi- 
corum Atticorum Fragmenta' (3 vols. 1880- 
1888). This fragment is numbered Incert. 12 
in Meineke and 'i.Zft in Kock. I do not know 
the translator. May I subjoin my own 
version, publi.shed in 1895?— 
A man can hide all tliingi, exceptini; twain— 

That ho ia drunk, and thai hu is in love. 
Then looks and words do toalify so plain. 
Himself his own denial doth disprove. 

John B. Wainewiught. 

The verse quoted is a translation from the 
Greek of Antiphanesi (Middle Comedy, flor. 
<;. 360 B.C.) :— 

airavra TaAA.ii Tts Syi-atT ui- ttAj/k 8i'0«i', 
on'oc T< rrivuiv </$ ipiarii T ifnTfiriov. 
illfpuTtftll n^ivi'tt ynp n-zij TUIV pXillflllTliiV 
Kul Tuti' koyiiiy :i Toi'< apvovfiivovi^ 

fiakurra rouroi ^ "lurui/iut'Cis Trout, 

Quoted in the Epitome of book ii. of 
Athouieus, cap. 6, fin., or Teubner, ^ 38. The 
original is also in the Didot ' Poet. Com. 
Gnec.,' p. 407. The translation given by 
Reserve of Officers is that in Bohn's 
' Athenieus,' vol. i p. 62, and is presumably 
by C. D. Yongo. H. K. St. J. S. 

Beer sold witbout a Licence (10* 8. ii. 
9).— It forms a part of my early recollections 
of my native town (Wottoii - under- Edge, 
Gloucestershire) that on the fair days 
(25, 26 Sept.) any householder had a right, 
which was freely exercised, to sell beer with- 
out a licence. Such houses were distinguished 
by a shrub or bush placed conspicuously over 
the entrance door, and were hence called 
"Bush-houses." The origin of iliis right I 
have no knowledge of, but it probably lapsed 
at the reform of the corporation under Sir 
C Dilko's Act in 1880. The custom .seems to 
be alluded to in the old adage " Good wine 
needs no bush." James T. Presley. 

Uheltenhaiu Library. 

As a fair is a francliise which is obtained 
by a grant of the Crown, did not this ro^al 
privilege or franchise confer the right during 
sucii fair times to sell beer as well as other 
commodities without the necessity for any 
further licence'! Perhaps the General 
Licensing Act, 9 George IV., c. 61, afTeicted 
this right. The Licensing Act of 1872 was 
amended in 1874, when it was enacted that 

"any person sellini; or exposing for sale any 
intoxicating liijuor in any booth, tent, or place 
within the limits of holdiu); any lawful and accus- 
tomed fair or any races, without an occasional 
licence autliorizinKSiich sale, shall, notwithstanding 
anylhiMK contained in any Act of Parliament to the 
contrary, be deemed to be a person selling or ex- 
posing for sale by retail intoxicating lit^uor at a 
place where he is not authori>x.<d by his licence to 
sell the same, and be punished accordingly."— See 
Chilly's ' .Stiilutes,' 1894. vol. v., 'Intoxicating 
Liquors,' Excise Licensing Act, \V25, § II; 1828, 
§36; and 1874,$ 18. 


Lamont Harp (10'" S. i. 329). — The fol- 
lowing is my note communicated to Scotti»/t, 
Nolet iinj Querist, Second Serie.s, vi. 11. Two 
ancient instruments known as CJueen Mary's 
and Uie Lamont harp, which have for many 
years been exhibitea in the National Scot- 
tish Museum of Antiquities, were sold by 
auction in Edinburgh in March. The Queen's 
harp was bouglit for 850 guineas on behalf 
of the Museum of Antiquities, and the Lamont 
harp was purchased on behalf of a gentleman 
whose name did not transpire, but wlio it is 
understood will permit the harp to be placed 
in the museum on loan, ilit-*vj«a, ■aa.-^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io'-s.u.j.lts. 

note that Mr. Robert Brace Armstrong, who 
has made a special study of the harn, will 
shortly issue his work entitled 'Musical 
Instruments : the Irish and the Highland 
Harps,' which will deal with the Lament 
harp and others of minor note. The pub- 
lisher is David Dougla.s, Edinburgh; the size, 
large 4to, viii-185 ; price, GOs. net. 

Robert Mukdoch Laweanck. 
71, Bon-Accord Street, Aberdeen. 

Paste (lO"" S. i. 447, 477, 510; ii. 19).— 

In "The Cook's Oracle the whole being 

the Result of Actual Experiments instituted 

in the Kitchen of a Physician again 

revised by the Author of 'The Art of Invi- 
Korating Life by Food,' &c. Sixth edition. 
London, Printed for A. Constable ife Co., 
Edinburgh ; and Uurst, Itobinson & Co., 
Cheapside, 1823," p, 320, No. 434, ia the 
following :— 

" Anchovy Paste, or le Beurre d'Auohois. Pound 
them in a mortar, then rub it through a fine sieve ; 
I>ot it ; cover with elaritied butler, nnd keep it in 
a cool iitace. 

" N.B. If you have Euence o( Anchovy, you may 
make Anchovy Paste Flxtemiwre, by rubbing the 
Euence with as much tlower as will make a paste. 
Mem. This is merely mentioned as the means of 
makioK it immediately,— it will not keep." 

Then follow suggestions for making the 
past« stiffer and hotter by the addition of 
mustard, pickled walnut, spice, or curry 
powder, &c. 

"It is an excellent garnish for Fish, put in pats 
round the edge of the dish, or will make Anchovy 
Toast,— or Devil a Biscuit, tec, in high style." 

The word "them" in the first line of the 
receipt means anchovies. The preceding 
receipt treats of making quintessence of 
anchovy out of Gorgona anchovies. 
A note attached to this receipt says : — 
"The Economist may take the thick remains 
that won't pass ihrough the sieve and pound it 
with some Bower, and make Anchovy roste, or 
Powder. See (Nos. VU and 435)." 

The index gives "Anchovy Butter," "An- 
chovy Paste." 

Anchovy paste is mentioned in 'The 
Housekeepers Guide,' by Esther Copley 
(London, 1834), p. 372, No. 749. It appears 
to bo what will not pans through the sieve 
in making essence of anchovies. 

I may mention that, according to Burnet's 
< Dictionnaire de Cuisine' (Paris, 1836), 
beurre d'anchois is made of anchovies and 
butter, not anchovies only. 

In 'The Co[iipleat Housewife: or Accom- 
plished Gentlewoman's Companion," bv E 

b , third edition, Loniion, printed for J. 

Pemberton, at the Golden Buck, over against 
St. Dunstau's Church in Fleet Street, 1729, 

p. 170, are receipts "To make a Poate 
Green Pippins," and "To make white Qt 
Paste." Rod Quince Paste may be 
according to the latter receipt, "only cede 
the Quince with Cochineal." These raoeifl 
appear to pnxluce dry sweetmeats, 
pounded of fruit and sugar. 


Directions to make anchovv paste aro gi% 
in 'The Cook's Oracle,' fourth edition, bj 
author of 'The Art of Invigorating L; 

Food,' 1822 (printed for A. Constable . 

Edinburgh). J. Astlsy. 

Philui'ps MSS. : Beatrice Baruow (I0«* S. 
ii. 23).— These manuscripts were purch« 
eleven years ago by the Corporation 
Cardiff, and are preserved in the Centr 
Free Library of that borough. I have 
through the Barlow papers referred to 
Cymko. "rhey are certainly of very gr 
interest. The first Barlow of Slebech wa 
a nephew of the first Protestant Bishop 
St. David's, of the same surname, but, unlil 
his uncle, was a fervent Catholic. An artic 
on the papers in question, by the prea* 
writer, may be found in the Tablet 
20 June, 1896, containing many extracts. 

JouN UoBsoN Matthews, j 


"Was you?" and "Yod was" (lO"- S. 
509).— See Byron, 'Don Jaan,' Canto 
Ixxxviii. :— 

You was not last year at the fair of Lugo. 
On which Mr. E. H. Coleridge has the 
lowing note in the latest edition : — 

"The 'N. Kiig. Diet." cites Bunyau, Wal^ 
Fielding, Miss Austen, and Dickens as authonkfl 
for the plural 'was.' See Art. 'be.' Here, aa < * 
where, Byron wrote as ho spoke." 

J. R. F. O, 

This question opens up one for discussio 
In many instances in my book just publishc 
I liave after great consideration discard 
the popular were for wai. Surely when w 
refers to the past it is more correct, 
some instances at all events. I think "yo 
was supported," as quoted, is right. 

A deaf witness was being examined 
court. Counsel asked him, "Were you theref 
He did not hear, so the judge repeivt«cl th 
question ; again he did not hear. Then 
usher goes up to him and bawls in his 
" His lordship says, ' Was you thorol' " 
witness, turning to the judge, impresaiv 
replied, "Yes, my lord, I were." 

Ralph Thomas. ' 

[" Vou was "occur* in the second line of Co« , 
letter quoted atUe, p. 2, ool. 'i, by Prof. MATom.]] 

10* s. u. JU..V 23. i»w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Bkowsiso's " Tuu.vder-feee " (10"" S. i. 
504).— The note on this phrase by V. J. F. 
tetnpts rae to ask readers of * N . <fe Q.' to 
mill any further references tliey know to the 
few following : — 

(1) "E)c his quiu terra RiKnuntur, lauri friitieem 

non iott [rulmen] vituloa nmriuos non percutit, 

nee e voluoribus auuiUni."— Plin., 'H. N?,' ii. 5S, 

Ci) "Tonitrua f'Tiberius] imuter nioduni ex- 
Jiavescebat, et turimlioru ca-lo nuiKjiiam non coro- 
nam lauream cajiili; KOi»avit, quod fulmiiie atilari 
uegetur id genus frondis."— .Suet., " Tib.,' 09. 

(3) Plutarcli, ' Qutest. Conv.,' book iv. ii. 
cap. 1, § 5, mentions as immune from light- 
ning " the proverbial bulb " (what ia the 
allusion ?), tFie fig-tree, the hide of the sea- 
calf, and that of the hyiena. 

(4) Jtabelais, ' Pantagruel.' book iv. cap. 62, 
gives laurels, fig-trees, and sea-calves, "be- 
cause of their smell," a truly Ilabelaisian 
reason wliy 

Lightnings ahould go aside 
The just man not to entomb, 

who ia fortifie'l with any of these odours. 

(5) Swinburne, "To V. Hugo,' 'Poems and 

rlads,' First Series :— 
In the old days, when Hod 
By man as godlike trod, 
And each alike was Creek, alike was free, 
God's lightning spared, they said, 
Aloue the happier head 
Whose laurels screened it. 
H. K. St. J. S. 
[M. P. H. also quotes Mr. Swinburne.] 
jtoM\N Tenement Houses (10"" S. i. 369). 
—1 am indebted to ' Rome in the Nineteenth 
Century.' by Charlotte A. Eaton (Hohn, 18C0), 
vol. ii. p. 292, for the following information 
I on the above subject : — 

f "The people here live in flats and have a com- 

moti stair, as in Edinburgh. Though by no means 
conducive to cleanliness or comfort, it is highly 
I favourable to grandeur of appearance and archi- 
tectural ettecl : for by this means the houses are 
built upon BO much larger a scale that their exterior 
18 susceptible of line design and ornament, and 
even when plain, or in bad taste, it is scarcely 
|K>ssible they should not have a more noble air than 
the mean, paltry. Utile rows of houses in Kngland 
and Hollnu<l, where everybody must have one of 
his own." 

Augustus .1. C. Hare's 'Walks in Rome' 
states : — 

" ' When we have once known Rome,' wrote Haw- 
thorne, "and left her where she lies left her, tired 

of the sight of those iminL-iiiii- xcvcn-storied yellow- 
washed hovels, or call them palaces, where all that 
is dreary in domestic life seeois magnified and wulti- 

• Readers of the late lamentmi Mr. R. I). Black- 
more will be pleaseii to note how such wits aa 
TilioriliH unil ifr. (iaatun 111111)1. 

plied, and weary of climbing those stairc^ases whicb 
ascend from a ground-floor of cook-dho]is, cobblers' 
stalls, stables, and regiments of cavalry to a iniddio 
region of princes, cardinals, and ambaasadors, and 
to an upper tier of artists, just beneath the un- 
attainable sky left her, in short, hating her witl> 

all our might, and adding our individual curse to 
the infinite anathema which her crimes have 
unmistakably brought down :— when we have left 
Rome in such a mood aa this, we are astonished 
by the discovery, by-andby, that our heartatring* 
have mysteriously attached themselves to the 
Eternal City, and are drawing us thitherward 
again, aa if it were more familiar, more intimately 
our home, than even the spot where wo were 
born.'" — Vol. i. p. 12. 

Bvron expressed liis appreciation of Rome 
in tne following words : — 
The Niobe of nations, there she stands 
Childless and crownless, in her voiceless woe ; 
An empty urn within her withered hands, 
Whose sacred dust was scattered long ago ; 
The Scipios' tomb contains no ashes now ; 
The very sepulchres lie tenantless 
Of their heroic dwellers : dobt thou flow. 
Old Tiller ! through a marble wilderness ? 
Rise, with thy yellow waves, and mantle her dis- 
It may not be out of place to add that in 
' Rome,' by Francis Wey (Chapman <k Hall, 
1875), at p. 3, there is an illustration entitletl 
' The Fountain of the Triton,' in which ap- 
pears a tine-looking house of six stories. 

Henry GEn.\LD Hope. 
119. Elms Road. Clapham, S.W. 

There does not seem to be any evidence 
tliat either the Roman private house ((fornKs) 
or the cluster of contiguous houses known as 
the in»nlu consisted of more than two upper 
storias— more generally but one- besides the 
ba.sement. Adam, however, in his ' Roman 
Antiquities,' says that the Roman houses, 

"for want of room in the city, were commonly 
raised to a great height by stories (eonlifpuilionibvs 
V. tahnlati'i), which were occupied by different 
families, and at a great rent, .Juvenal, iii. )66. The 
uimiost stories or garrets were called cuiuuula." 

And again he says, 

" private houses wore not only incommodious, but 
even dangerous from their height, and being mostly 
built of wood, Juvenal, iii. 193, .Vc. .Scalit hahilo 
trihiiK, Mil altii, three stories high. Martial, i, 118." 

What may have afFordeti some ground for 
supposing that they were many-storied, after 
the fashion of the American aky-scraner, is 
the magnificent seven-storied edifice known 
as the Septizone of Severus, three stories 
of which were standing in a ruinous state in 
the time of Sixtus V., who cau.sed them to be 
demolished to use the marble in other build- 
ings. The Septizonium consisted of .seven 
stories of columns, one atiove the other, 
supporting seven distinct entablatures ur 
zones. Two such structure* w:^ ««.\ftc.\»lJv» 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [io'^s.ii. jt-i.TJ3.i«»». 

recorded in the city of llome, one in the 
Twelftli Uegion, which existed before the 
time of the Emperor TitUH (Suet., 'Tit.' 2; 
Arainian., xv. G, 3), and the utiier in the 
Teutli Kepion, under the Palatine Hill, and 
near the Circus Maximu8, wliich was built 
by Septimus Severus. Thi.s latter is the one 
ot which three stories remained until Pope 

[iiixtus V. employed their columns in building 
the Vatican. See Rich's ' Diet, of Greek and 

I Iloman Antiquities,' n.v. ' Septizonium,' where 
there is a woodcut exhibiting the three 

[stories from an engraving of the sixteenth 

l^century ; also article 'Domus.' With regard , 
to the continuity' of the English house from | 
Anglo-Roman times, see 'The Evolution of 
the English House,' by S. O. Addy, 1898, 
chap. vi. p. 93. J. Holden McMichael. 

Dionysiu.s of Halicarnassus, referring to 
the passing of the law ' De Avontino Pub- 
licaudo.'iii .t.U.C. 298, writea (x. 32) as follows : 
KVIttadii'TOi &i TOU vojiov (TWekOuiTii ot S)y/xtKO( 

TU TC OlKUTTt&a StcAuy^aVUl' K-ai KaT<f>Ko8o/10L<l<, 

wrov CKtttTTot TOjroi' Ovi'ijOtltv uJroAu/iySai'OiTts. 
fuj-l Si 01 trvvStH) Koi (ri»iT/>et« (cal tri jrAtioi'cj 
<ri'Vi.6vTff oIkiuv KOTtO'KeiKifoKTo iMi'av iripiav 
fiiv TO, Kardyiia X.ay\aiv6vT<j>v cre/KUi' Si to. 

The upper floors (vjrtpuia) were afterwards 
called cieiuinda. cf. Livy, xxxix. 14 ; Cicero, 
' Agr.,' ii. 35 ; Horace, Ep. I. i. 91 ; Juvenal, 
X. 18. These tenement houses (intuhr) were 
usually, it would appear, three stories high. 
Thus Juvenal, iii. 199 : — 

Tabulata iaiii lerLia f umaut ; 
and Martial, i. 117, 7 : — 

Scalia habito tribuB, led altis. 
Some, however, must have been higher, as 
Strabo (v. 7, p. 235) says that Augustus 
limited the height of now buildings to7Uft. 
on the sides abutting on public roads. 

John a. Wainewrkjht. 

Bass Rock Music (10"" S. i. 308, 374, 437). 
— Grose, in his 'Antiquities of Scotland,' 
1789, vol. i. p. 80, when referring to the 
attack on Tantallon by .Tames V., says : — 

"There ih u iraiiition among the soldiers, that 
the hioois march now beat was tirst coniposod for 
thu lrnu|iK K»>>)K on this sie^e, and thai it was 
meant to KX|iro«s tlie words, iJiuo domi TaiitaJInn." 

w. s. 

"Birds of a feathek flolk tou ether'' 
I (lO* S. ii. 8).-Nashe, in his ' Lenten Stuffe,' 
J599 ('Works,' ed. Orosart, vol. v. p. 273), 
writes : " Under whose colours they might 
march against these birdes of a feather, that 
had 80 colleagued themselves togither to 

destroy them." Other early rafet^noea an : 
* Play of Stucley ' (1606), I. 302 in Simptoo'* 
'School of Shakspere,' i. 172; and Uurton'f 
'Anatomy ' (1621), III., I., i. 2 (1836). p. 477. 


PutEBE Hk-ssei, the Stepney Amazox 
(10"' S. i. 406; ii. IC).— In Brayley's 'Topir 
graphical Sketches of Brighthelm-* ' ' .'4, 
the epitaph in memory of Phiri • is 

given in full, from wliich it appein > n. -V = 
waa " lx)rn at Stepney in the year 17l;i, ^i . 
not at Chelsea, bhe died 12 iJecember, iaii, 
not on the 21at. E. H. W. D. 

I think the Admintll;/ and Hartr Guard* 
Gazettf is not at all to be depended upon in 
giving Chelsea as the birthplace of this old 
soldier. I have always l)een inleitwtvd in 
Pha'be'.s history, and have amongst iwy hooks 
and papers several accounts of Iter life. In 
every one, without exception, she is stated to 
have been born at Stepney. 1 have not seen 
the tombstone in Brighton Churchyard, but 
an engraving of it is given in 'Curious Epi- 
taphs,' collected and edited, with notes, by 
William Andrews (1899). The inscription 
thereon is as follows : — 

In Memory of 


who was born at ISteiiiicy, in the Year 171ii. 

Slio Sfived for many Years 

aa a private Soldier in the 5"' Keg' of foot 

in different jiarls of Kurope 

and in the year 1745 foucht under the command 

of the urKK of < imukklank 

at the liattle of Konlcnoy 

where she received a Bayonet wouuu io her Ana. 

Her long life which commenced in the lime of 


extended to the reiKD of 

liEURliK IV. 

by whose munitii-ence slie received comfort 

and support in her latter Y'ears. 

She died at Brighton whore she had long redded 

December 12"' 1821 Aged 108 Years, 

John T. Pack. 
West Haddon, Northamptonshire. 

Cold Harbour (lo"' S. i. 341, 413, 496 : ii. 
14).— Surely we need no more wild fabloa 
about this simple English phrase. At tho 
last reference we are expected to connect it 
with the Latin coUis arburum, which could 
not yield it without violence; and it certainly 
wa-s not " a hill of trees." Then we are asked 
to think of the French <'»l d'Arbres, which 
is a different thing again, and dealrojs guess 
No. 1 ; for the F. col means a mountain pass, 
and does not represent the Lat. collts, a bill, 
but vullnm, a neck. 

There is no difficulty but such as the lovers 
of paradox insist upon making. It is not 
merely the modern cold harbour that we have 

io'-8.iLjLLv23.i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


to explain, but tlie old rold harhvough in 
Stowe, and the void herlicrijh for wliicli I 
have alrea<ly given a reference. To derive 
tliit) Midiile Englisli /ir-rf/etyh, with its charac- 
teristic initial h and final guttural, from 
Latin or French (which greatly dislikes both), 
is the merest perversity, and shows how 
easily all inconvenient evidence is ignored. 
We have a Market Harborough to this day, 
wiiich is due neither to the Latin arhoi- nor 
the French ar/ire. And what is to be done 
with the London church named "Sancti 
Nicholai CoKlabbey " in the 'Liber Custu- 
marum,' p. 230? Is that also from coUii or 
colluiiif VVjvueu W. Skeat. 

ISABELLINE AS A COLODR (10* S. i. 487).— 

can give an earlier date than 1859 for the 
u.<e of tlie word. Dr. Horsfield, F.LS., F.G.S., 
read^ a pai>er on 20 Juno, 1826, on a species 
of L'rsus from Nepaul, and says :— 
" The general colour of the liairy covering of the 
peciiiieu )>re«ented to the Society is towuy, or very 
_«le roddishbrowu, with an olracure liiil of dirty 
vellow, vorgiuK to isabella."— yra»i.«i^/io)M of Iht 
Liiiiuaii. Switiy of London, vol. xv. p. 3H. 

Jos. U. HOOKKR. 
f \Inalitllii is the word in the above extract, and 
IflOO is the earliest d«te for that word in the 
' N.1C.1>.' The year 1S.")9 referred to it.alellint.] 

Scotch Words and Encush Commenta- 
JK8 (10"' .S. i. 2<Jl, 321, 375, 456).— One more 
sference to this subject may perhaps be 
lolerated, especially as a significant illustra- 
tion is available. In a prominent London 
jjeriodical of 25 June a reviewer, describing 
an adventurous character in a new work of 
fiction, has the inscrutable hardihood to 
remark, " His plans have certainly ' gang 
agley ' when this volume ends." The playful 
experts who delight in the parading of 
'pawky," "canny," and the rest will Tiave 
pme difficulty in surpassing this flight. 

Thomas Bavnk. 
"Kick the bucket" (lo"" S. i. 227, 314, 
412).— I cannot accept your correspondents' 
explanation of this slang I do not 
like to give my own, lest I should encourage 
suicide. Does the ' E.D.D.' illustrate iiickH = 
a queer-shaped block of wood ( I suggest 
that a bucket was suspended to catch the 
bloo<l of the calves, and sometimes used for 
weight. The woo<len block that took ita 
ee may have got this name. A slaughtered 
jiraal surely does not kick. T. Wilsq.v. 

vals— far j 

than supposed— 

orth Devon May Day Custom (lo"' S. 
100).— Mr. H. T. Jemkj»«'» interesting note 
cts due attontiop i£ those sur- 

vivals— tar more numerous tnan supc 
which are generally believed to be derived, 
as a rural custom, from the Itoman Floralia. 
or games in honour of the goddess Flora, ana 
which in their turn probably 8uperse<led 
similar rites among those ancient Britons 
who came under the influence of the Romans. 
In parts of Ireland similar festivals occur in 
which the mummers correspond to the Eng- 
lish Morris - dancers (see Croker's 'Fairy 
Legends and Traditions') : but the universal 
characteristic of the English observances is 
the "processioning" through the streets 
with flowers, garlands, nosegays, or " tutties." 
In the county instance mentioned by Mr, 
Jexkin.s the " round dolls " seem to l>e a 
multiplied edition of the "May Lady." A 
custom prevailed in Cambridge of children 
having a figure dressed in a grotesque man- 
ner, called a " May Lady," before which they 
set a table having on it wine, &c., and this 
is believed to be derived from Maia (May), 
the mother of Mercury, to whom sacrifices 
were oflFered on the first day, thu.s explaining 
the fore-mentioned custom (Audley, in a 
'Companion to the Almanack,' 1802, p. 21, 
quoted in Brand's 'Antiquities *). 

As to the horn-blowing, once a common 
feature of May Day celebrations, Hearne in 
his preface to llobert of Gloucester's ' Chro- 
nicle ' says : — 

" 'Ti» no wonder, therefore, that upon the jollities 
on the lirst of May formerly, the cuatoni of blow- 
inc with, and driukinK in, horn» so much prevailed, 
which, thouKli it be now Renerally diaun'd, yet the 
custom of blowing them prevails at thin season, even 
to this day, at Oxford, to remind [leople of the 
pleasantness of that part of the year, which ought 
to create mirth and gayety," ic —P. IS. 

At Tilsworth, in Bedfordshire, the young 
men, I l)elieve, still go round the village with 
a. load of May, leaving a branch for every 
maiden in each house ; and in the villages of 
the Thames Valley round Oxford the children 

f!0 "garlanding," or carrying flowers from 
louse to house, singing doggerel verses and 
claiming largesse. One of the flowers used 
formerly for garlanding was the marsh mari- 
gold, which the peasant poet Clare calls the 
'■ horse- blob." The Helston Furry -Faddy 
seems to be of like origin, transferred, how- 
ever, from 1 to 8 May. The connexion of the 
custom originally with sun - worship is in- 
dicated by the necessity (which in some cases 
has lapsed, however) for rising early to meet 
the sun. This is the condition when May 
morning is observed from Magdalen Tower, 
Oxford ; and it used to be the custom at 
four o'clock on the morning of May Day for 
young persons of both sexes to v^qmsA "va 
the summit ol Nx\.Vwc^% "feRa-V, YAv' 


NOTES AND QUERIES. Uo- a il jci.t .». iwt 

with music and singing, not unasaociated with u> aider tonct, "contrary to t 
•with whisky and eatables, as a refreshment course," and this is thn »e«»e in j*!; 
after the toilsome ascent. As an instance of used by the modern farmer, who m 
how the wornhip of Flora survives to-day in : hensive of atmotiohenc troubles wl 
the "ornaments for your Bre-stove," although 1 wind has gone witherHhinx, or ti 
that once familiar cry in the London streets j the west into tlie sweet south by ; 
has ceased, John Watson, in hia ' Poachers route. 'liioM^ 

and Poaching.' 1891, says that in the parlour | „. 
grate of an old widow-woman in the vale of '■"^ 
Duddon— the Duddon that Wordsworth has 
immortalized in his series of sonnets— was 
invariably, in summer, a thick sod of purple 
heather in full bloom (p. 245). 

J. HoLDEN MacMichakl. 

It was an old cu.stom annually on May Day 
for the lads of Millbrook to cross the Tamar 
and perambulate the streets of Devon port 
and istoke, some bearing on their shoulders 
the full-rigged model of a ship, the hull 
buried in tlowers, the masts about six feet 
high, with birds' eggs strung on the stays 
and halyards. Others bore aloft garlauds 
of varied shapes and sizes. A file band 
sometimes headed the processions, which 1 
witnessed in the twenties of the last century. 

N. D. D. 

"WiTHEBsHiNs" (lO"- S. i. ROe). — Mr. 
Wilson's orthography is quite in accordance 
with precedent, as he would have discovered 
by referring to Jaraieson'a Scottisii dictionary 
instead of the'Provincial Dictionary 'to which 
he alludes. Jamieson correctly defines the 
word as meaning "in the contrary direction," 
and then adds, " projperly, contrary to the 
course of the sun. Had he said that con- 
trary to the course of the sun was a sense in 
which the term is popularly used he would 
have been correct, for tiiis application of 
it lingers in Scotland at the present time. 
Gavin lioudas has the wora in the two 
forms " wiadirsinuis " and " widdersyns," 
and his meaning, as his editor Mr. Small 
points out, is simply " contrary to the usual 
way." The former .spelling occurs in "The 
Dvrectioun of his Bulk " appended to the 
' .I'Kneid,' and the latter has its share in 
the description of .-Kneas at the critical 
moment which confronted him with the 
shade of Creusa. " Obstipui steteruntque 
corafp," says Virgil in his realistic present- 
ment of the scene, and Douglas — herein 
splendicily responding to Mr. Saintsbury's 
ideal conception of his translating faculty — 
gives this sonorous rendering : — 

AlHiinil 1 woU, and widderayna itart my hair. 
Here the word simply signifies "contrari- 
wise," and thereby indicates iu relation to 
loel. vtihr, contrary, and xinni, direction. 
Later writers gradually came to connect it 

li0MA:i J^AVMC 

statement that this wur' ■- •■■■' ■ 
Jamieson is a mistake. He ^ 

f age to it, under the sjielliDg li 
t is a common word enough, and occal 
Gawain Douglas's translation of Virgill 
in Montgomerie's ' Poems '; and it will ajjj 
in the'Eng. Dialect Dictionary.' .lamii 
even correctly compares it with the Mic 
wtxleniiif, which Hexham explains by ^" 
wise, or in another manner." Thero 
mystery about it at all. The suftix «i?i« _ 
the Icel. iintiif, the genitive (n3 


adveroially) of «inni, a way, a couroe ; *o 
that the sense is precisely "in the contrsrr 
direction." Tins Icel. »inni is coguat«_wito 
A.S. sUA, O.H.G. sind (gen. sinner), 
sinths, a way, course, journey, duly gi\ 
my 'Concise Etym. Diet.' under ilio d« 
verb 10 »etul. The prefix is the O.Norjte i 
Icel. vitht; with which the 0. tcieo 
A.-S. tcidtr are cognate. 

Walter W. SiusiiT. 

Natalese (10"' S. i. 446, 615).— I have 
thank Mr. J. Dormeh and Mk. John 
Waixewuight for their answers to niy querj 
May I point out, however, that Natal is 
Portuguese word. Terra do Natal bcin^ tl 
original name ? Of course, I am awmo tiia 
Natal stands for Dies Natalis in the T.Atin, 
but yet I think the analogy of Portugal, 
Portugalia, Porluguez, Portugalensis, Portn- 
guese, ought to count for something. More- 
over, how can Natalian he, on any Latin 
criterion, a passable word 1 Is Australian 
for a native of the Terra Australis of tho 
old charts really good Latin ! Could N'afn- 
lianus have been formed from N i 

Natalia J Illuetia gives llliiKticus ; 

lUioetus ; Pamphylia, Pamphylius ; Ai 

Apulicus and Apulus ; and Bietis in: 
Bieticus, BiPtica ; Corsis, Corsus. Inciini. 
1 might add that according to Lewis ami 
Short's ' Latin Dictionary,' Natal !•< itself a 
substantive, being equivalent to Nataleoa 
birthday festival, and given by Aulus Uellina 
as the title of a mime by Laborius. Thia 
gives the adjective Natalis. also used 
substantive to mean birtliday, annivers 
the day of a martyr's death, wln^ncis,! 
come the adjectives Natalicius, Nat 
Surely, therefore, even if Natalia be ] 
Natalianus aa an ethnic name is quite 

10.- s. II. Jr..v 23. 1901.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


possible, es(-)ecially in the light of the fact 
that ro<>ta ending in liquids seem naturally 
to take the teriuination ensin, e.r/., Lug- 
tlun(ura), Lugdunensis; Tarracon, Tarra- 
conensis ; Attalea, Attalensea ; Hi.spauia. 
Hispaniensiti as well as Hispaiiua, though of 
course, on the other hand, Lycaonia gives 
Lycaones. I note the fact that we first learnt 
to know nearly every non-European people 
■with the sutfix -ese, through tiie accounts of 
Porlugueso writers ; and therefore I think 
that on this analogy alone Natalese may 
perhaps pas.s current. 

Tlie <iue.stion has some interest to mo, 
inasmuch as I have just proposed the use of 
tlie term Natalcnsis in a Latin inscription 
intended for the monument Ut be erected 
At Maritzburg to the Natal Volunteers who 
fell in the Boer War. 

One would like to know whether the *z, A 
in I'ortuguez and Aragomjs (Navarrese l^ing 
Navarro in Spanish) is derived from tiie Latin 
*-nsi», found in Italian namen like Siennese, 
or is akin to f; in words like I'erez, said to be 
of Basque origin. H. 2. 

TiDESWELI, AND TiDERLOW (9* S. Xli. 341, 

517 ; 10"" S. i. :>i, Ul, 190, 22R, 278, 292, 310, 
371, 471 ; ii. 36). — Fifty y(«ara ago old- 
fashioned educated folks always spoke of 
"Burlington," but the unsophisticated natives 
of the East Hiding (wiiose pronunciation is 
often a guide to the true ancient form) called 
it "Bollinton" or " Bolli'ton." " Bollinton- 
bay mackerel " was a common street cry. 

W. C. B. 

What is Mu. Addy's authority for saying 
that the place-name Collompton (sometimes 
sjx-It Cullompton and possibly anciently 
Cuimton) is derived from Coluraba? To a 
Devonshire man it looks a more grotesquely 
impossible derivation than any of the wild 
guesses of amateur philologists pilloried in 
your pages by Prof. Skeat. The town stands 
on the Culm, a tributary of the Exe, and that 
fact has, I believe, been considered sufficient 
_to account for the name without any refer- 

nce to the name of the missionary saint. 

loreover, on the banks of the stream are 

Tffculme, Culmstock, Culm Davy, and Culm 
John, which, from their position, would 
ippcar to take their names from the river, 
vid if BO, the origin of the name of 

[!ollompton would be almost, if not quite, 
certainly the same. FnED. C. Frost, F.y.L 

PlOEON EKtiLISH AT UOME (lO"" S. i. 506). 

-Barriifii was some months ago strongly 
rotesteil against in the Times oy a corre 

spondent : first l>ecan8e it was importing a 
French word into the language quite un- 
necessarily ; and next because it was wrong, 
as the suggested lock and weir would not m 
a bar. 

But our journalists seem to prefer using 
French words in other instances. For ex- 
ample, they use the word mum:, utterly 
unpronounceable to an Englishman without 
foreign education. The look of the word is 
barbaric. The word that would convey some 
meaning in English and bo understood ia 
rank. There was a rank outside the pit door, 

Bali'h Thomas. 

" Let tub head bitry their dead " (10"> 
S. i. 488).— If, as your correspondent says, 
the sense of our Lord's words is clear, I am 
puzzled to find any difficulty in connexion 
with the setting. The command was adapted 
to the spiritual condition of the man to 
whom it was given. It was a test of faith. 
He had heanl the call and was inclined to 
obey it, as soon as he could conveniently do 
so ; but Christ would have him cherish the 
stir of life within his soul without delay, and 
relegate tlie duty of burying his parent to 
others who had no impulse of the same 
vitality. St. Swithin. 



Thf Camhruigt Modern Hl'tori/. Kdited hv A. W. 
Wani, Littl)., tJ. W. Prothcn>, Lilt.U., and 
Stauley Loathe*, M.A.— Vol. VIII. 77m Fnnch 
{{eioliilioH. (Cambridge, University Press.) 
If the seventh volume of ' The Cambridge Modern 
History' is the moat atimulatiiiK that hu yet 
appeared, the fuct i«, perhai>», easily comprehended. 
It ia merely banal to soy that the French Revolu- 
tion consiituleo the greatest political and social 
upheaval of all times. Its roots, ai ia clearly 
shown, are deep in the soil of previous a^s, while 
ila branches spread over all civilization. The 
dreams of philosophy and the conjectures of specu- 
lation were put in the French Revolution to a 
practical teat, and the world had its first oppor- 
tunity of studying closely the roaulta of the systems 
it had permitted to exist, and the conditions it 
had. so to speak, "chanced." Great forces are 
always at work, and in davs of liberty, and, in a 
sense, of leisure, such a« the prenenl, we are able 
to study the alow but perceptible progress and 
iuQucnces of human thought. Without l^rosecutinK 
longer reflections that nave no definite end, it 
may be atlirmed that the account of the period 
Iwlween — let it be said — the uiiiiointnient of 
Culonne to the controller -genoralanip anil the 
coup il'etal of the 18th Hrnnmire will always be one 
of the most stimulating and edifying in hi'tory. 
Of this and the enveloping vicriod an , '< 

given which, although it occupies iIobl 
hundred pagen, must bo regardtsl sv. ^. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo-- s. ii. Jiur a. iwT 

Admirably effective are, in the present case, the 
liiiitoHi between the separate furts, an<l the iilea 
that the whole is the product of oo-())>erative labour 
is not acRressively assertive. I'rof Montague nnd 
Mr. Moreton Macdooalil are the principal contri- 
butors to the aroounts of the elections to the Slates 
lleoeral, to the National Assembly, the I^OKitlative 
Assembly, and the National (Jouvenlion to the 
Fall of the (iironde, the latter supplyinc also an 
excellent chapter on the Thcrmiuorian Reaction. 
So looD aa Bonaparte is brought prominently upon 
the stage. Dr. J. Mollaod Rose comes to the fore. 
In a<ldiiion to the chapters he supplies are those 
of Mr. H. W. Wilson on 'The Naval War' and 
'The StruKcle for the Mediterranean,' Mr. U. K. 
Fortescuo'9 account of ' The Directory,' and Prof. 
Lod^e* narrative of 'The Kxtinction of Poland.' 
To Mr. P. F. Willert, of Kxeter College, is assigned 
the re»l>on8ible chapter on 'Philosophy and the 
Revolution,' in which the famous work of .It^an 
Joseph Mounier and the ' Meroure Britannique' of 
Mallet Du Pan are contrasted, doing behind 
Rousaean and the Rncyclopiedists, and abandoning 
M pur|><''"''^*' ^'^^ attempt to trace in riauical 
writers the "history of the idea of Nature, her 
righta and her law,'' Mr. Willert finds what were 
called " the principles of I'^St" recognized and used 
in thesixteonth century against the authority of the 
Crown by the Catholics and Huguenots, and notnblv 
bythe priest Jean Boucher — "atrumpet of sedition " 
Iwyle called him— and the Jesuit Mariana. Mon- 
taigne and the " IJl)erlines " placud deadly weapons 
in the hands of Voltaire, and Bayle supplied the 
opponents of orthodoxy and traililion with a ijuivor 
not easily emiitied. As showing the inSnenco of 
the>ertine8, a ydiraae is quoted from the Duchess 
of Orleans, employed in 1079, to the effect that 
"every young man either is or allects to be an 
atheist,' The J ansenist controversy, and "the tierce ' 
aod indecent conflict between the Molinist hierarchy 
and the Galilean Pnriemriit over the Bull Uni- ' 
genitus," arc said to have dealt doailly blows at 
religion Im|»rlance ia attached to Montesquieu, 
whose ' Parisian Letters' preceded by thirteen 
years Voltaire's ' Letters on the English,' though in 
him, we are told, a modern reader is disgusted by a 
frigid and elaborate indecency, " far more repulsive 
than the spontaneous obscenity of Aristophanes 
and Kabelais." 

Apart from appendices, bibIiograi>liicaI lists, 
and other Hii|>plementary matter of highest va|ue 
to the stuilent, the volume contains iwenty-tive 
chapters, «ich dealing with some important aspect 
of the Revolution, and each demanding the kind 
and amount of notice ordinarily awarded a seiiarate 
work. How imjKjaaible becomes accordingly the 
effort to Jo justice to the work, or to give an idea 
of the contents, is evident. A few interesting 
sentences arc dovotwi to Simon the Cobbler, the 
friend of Marat and the murderer of L^uis XVIL, 
and the Tlicrniidorians themselves are taxed with 
having acquiesced in his ilcalh. " In praising the 
nioiliiration of the Thermidorian (;overnn>eiit,"8ayB 
Mr. Macdonalii, " it should never be forgotten that 
they share the hlanie for the most brutal criniB of 
•' • wlioli! Kevolution." A touching picture is 
inted of the l)au|iliin jiassing away, act'ordiiig 
IS iiwii description, I" the sound of " heavenly 
■ u- ond the voice of his mother." Another 
1 ::mn of tlie work worthy of close study is the 
'!' >. rijition of the events of the IHih Brumaire. 
Aj.iirt from its claim to breadth of view and impar- 

tiality, the history willbe widely useful as* work of 
reference. In this resi)ect the inilcr miu-ht, pcrlia: 
have been larger. We have use i 
without being seiiiible of any 

An aca<leniicAlly su|>erior tone i.. ..^ ^ .. 

ally with certain matters is to be parifr>D«d, 
(icrhaps to lie ex|iecled. 

(Jreat Matlm. Part XIX. (Heiiieiiiann.) 
With so much delight is each succeasiva jw 
received of this noble ]iublication, that « 
begin to look with regret to the )>eriod, nr>' 
cli>8« at hand, of conniletion, when the f. i 
nightly recurrence of four new plates is 
longer to be exi>eoled. Part .\1X. opens v> , 
one of the glorious jiaintinga by Titian of t h , 
daughter Lavinia whom he called "the atwol'i' 
mislrosH of his soul," and "the |ierson doMwst : 
liini in the world" This work, wliich shows 1;. 
holding aloft a basket or diHh of fruit, was »ii, . 
the (lossession of Niccolo Crasso, and is ii' 
Berlin Museum. It is painted with a bni 
touch of which is a caress. From .Mr. Dj:* 
collection comes a Dutch ' Landsoa)ic' of 
Ooyen, presenting a view of canals, windm. 
cottages, with a centra! tower like that at 
No spot exactly realizing what is shown ia 
found, and the design is reluctantly dec] 
imaginary. Romney's ' Klizalwlh, CounlesL 
Derby,' is also from a private colleciion, that of 
Charles Tennant. It is a highly finished work, fn 
which the artist is credited with imitating his rival 
•Sir Joshua, whoalso|iainte<l the same lady. A 
picture by Sir Joshua is supposed to hi 
destroyed by her husband after he . 
her, and is only known from the • : .iry 

engraving. Lost comes from the Ham nm 

where we have often admired it, Frans \:^,~„ , ■...■unL 
ulufk, 'The Officers of the Corps of .Si. Adriaen,' a. 
marvellous reproduction of life. Apro/xj^ of this 
the editor says that it is only in recent years th»t 
the fame of Frana Hals bos reached its full develoii- 
ment. So true ia this that in a )ierio<l well within 
our memory a judge might have picked up for 
fifty {Kiunds pictures the value of which ia now 
counted in hundreds, or even thou^taiidg. ^'Jj, 
number is once more in the full sense 


The Huioru of Fnlk Filz- U'ariiir. Englished by \ 
Alice Kemp-Welch. With an Introduction by 
L. Braiidin, Ph.D. (De La More Press.) 
Since it was tirst privately printed by .Sir ThniDks 
Duffiis Hardy, the history, or romance, of FuJIc i 
Fitz-Warine, containeil in a unique .M.S. in French 
in the British Museum (Keg. I'J C. xii.), has been 
three times translated and pretty frequently iaaned, 1 
the best- known edition being that given in 1SS5 I 
by Thomas Wright as one of the four works coo- f 
atitnting the Warton Club publications. Ho far ' 
as regards historical signilicance, the book iiasigns 
to one the deeds of several successive^ liearers of 
the name. In a readable translation and in ii jirelty 
»hii|>e the volume before us will give wider puh. 
licity toastory that deserves to be generally known, 
lis connexion with the Quatrc tils Aynion ami with 
Robin Hood is shown in the inlrodui-tion. 'Vh» 
work, which now forms a part of "The King's 
Classics," has Iweu of service to I'rof. Skcnt in hia 
■ Ludlow Castle.' It constitutes very u;;iccablo and 
entertaining reading, and, if not histoi ically accu- 
rate, cost* light upon history. 

io»»8.ii.jri.Y23.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Mk. llKii. (J. T. Trkheiinr, M.A.,hu iMuertfrom 
tlio Chiawitk PreM No. I of the JCi/Ih-i/a Cummin 
I'ajicfii: Xold on tint Ddtiention of Ihe C'hirrh 
in Honour of Si. Margarrl ■ Marlon. The writer 
holdi that the edifice iii queKtion .siipiiliea in its 
special features an epitome of tlie Celtic Cliurch in 
VValea, and is anxious to obtain recoBnilion of the 
value of Welsh eccleaiaatical antiquities. He seeks 
also t« fill the three- light eastern window with 
stained glass oommemorative of St. Margaret, and 
hopes that every bearer of " that Iwautiful name " 
will contributo to the aceomplishinent of this 
desirable object. 

■ BoOKSEH.tlti' CtTALllCPES. 

' Tkuk lovers uf old Iwoks seem to take no account 
of seasons, if we are to judge from the number of 
catalogues we receive, for July bringx to us as many 
as December. 

Finit we have the midsummer list of Mr. B. H. 
Blackwell, of Oxford. This contains books pur- 
chased from the executor of Canon Ainger. ."Vmong 
these we lind Alliboue's ' Dictionary ' 2/. %i.\ Gil- 
christ's ' Life of Blake,' M*. : Camdeu Society issues, 
1838-08. VH. : Chappell's ' Pojiiilar Music of the 
Olden Time,' 30,1. ; " Chertsev Worthies Library," 
61. lOi., only KlOcopiesiirinteif. Under Coleridge arc 
several iiemsof interest. " Fuller Worthies Library," 
I.S68-76, only 156 copies privately printed, is 11. Ift(. 
Canon Ainger had a good collection of Hood's 
works. W'e find under these, with an autograph, 
the very scarce first edition of ' Whims and 
Oddities,' in the original boardti, uncut, 21. I5«. : 
also first editions of ' Tylney Hall,' ' Up the Rhine,' 
and many others. Under .Shakespeare are the 
Shakespeare Society's Publicationi), 1841 -.'53, 4S vols., 
fit. 8.4. Tiiere is a note in the catalogue that Ciinon 
Ainger'a copies of early editions of Lamb, together 
with some early editions of Tennyson, Wordsworth, 
and others, were sent to auction by the executor, 
in accordance with instructions left by the late 
Canon. It will be rcmeml>ere<l that these were 
sold by Messrs. .Solheby, Wilkinson & Hodge on 
•M'il June. Mr. Blackwcll's Catalogue XCIV. has 
also a largo collection of works in Kuro|iean philo- 
logy, from the library of the late Dr. Karle, and a 
good general list. 

Mr. Commin, of Exeter, has a varied and inter- 
esting list. Under America we find ' 8ir Francis 
Drake Revived.' 16M, :V. 15«. There is Baskerville's 
beautiful edition of Addison, Birmingham. 1761, 
4/. ltt<. Under Bewick is a copy of the 'Birds,' 
3 vols., Newcastle, 1805-7, l(V. I0». There is a large 
collection of bindings. Among other items are 
• Milton Tracts,' 1641.fiO, 42/. ; ' Elia,' first edition, 
uncut, 12/. 12». : a complete set of Lysons's ' Magna 
BriUnnia,' 1806-22. bound by the Chiswick Art 
Guild, 12/. 12ii. : (Jrinini's '.Stories,' first edition, 
'~J3-6, bound by Riviere, 10/. Iftt. : Cruikshnnk's 
omic Almanaoka,' lt£M-.VI, in the original covers, 
2/. Vln. : and Jesse's ' Historical Memoirs,' 3(1 vols., 
IlXIO-l, half-morocco, 18/. IS*. There is n liirge col- 
lection of French Almanacs (over one hundred), 
issued in Paris during 1889, 18U7. and 181)8, 3'2 vols., 
with book-plate of Sir William Fra»er, 4/. I(U. 

Mr. Bertram IVibell's list ojicns with a «<^lection 
of miocellaneuUH bmiks, followe<l by one uf bookt. 
niphleU, and broadsides of the seventeenth anti 
hteenlh centuries, many of them very rare. 

There is also a collection of old plays. These include 
Beaumont and Fletcher's 'The Beggar's Bush,' first 
separate edition, printed for H Robinson and Anne 
Moaely, 1661. 4/. 10k. Readers of ' N. & Q.' will 
remember that it was nl a |>erformance of this 
comedy, in .lanuary, IU6I, that Pepys saw female 
actors for the first time. 

Mr. William Downing, of Birmingham, opens hi» 
list with a comjileto set of " Tudor Translations," 
42/. Other items include Collinson's '.Somerset- 
shire,' 3 vols., 4to, 1791, II. "s. ; Thackeray, ,10 vols., 
9/. i)4., original cost 24/. Under Black-Letter is 
Hughe Latynier, 'Cerlayn (Jodly Sermons,' MUBil, 
21. 'it. This book contains James Boswell's auto- 
grai>h, 1803. There is a first issue of I.K)nginan's 
edition of the New Testament, IS6.5, crimson 
morocco, '21. \2a. M. The wood engravings are very 
fine. A set of the Graphic, 44 vols., 1869 to 1.891. is 
priced very low, 5/. 6». 

Mr. Francis Edwards has two lists. Part 7 of his 
valuable Oriental Catalogue supplements Parts 1 to 6, 
and reaches p. 648. The new part includes Asia 
in general, Cyprus, Asia Minor, India, Siberia, 
Manchuria, 4c. The general catalogue has many 
recent acquisitions. 'These include ' Nollekens 
and his Times,' illustrated by 337 additional auto- 
graphs and engraved portraits, 1829, 20/. ; Malton's 
' Views of Dunlin,' taken in 1791. 25/. : Bewick's 
' Birds,' 17971804, 12/.; Buff'on. 1770-86, l'2/. : Calde- 
cott's 'Sketches,' 55/. ; Collinson's 'Somerset,' 1791, 
8/. H«. : Dickens's ' Battle of Life.' with autograph 
letter, 6/. lft<. : a number of Dr. Doran's works, in- 
cluding a complete set priced at 15/. : .Stockdales 
-Kaoj) and (jay's Fables, 1793, a very tine set, 14/. ; 
original editions of Haliburton, 20 vols., 18'29'(Kt 
14/. ; ' The Hermitage,' 84 photogravureti from the 
Imperial (isllerv at St. Petcrsbiirjt, 1900. 15/. (pub- 
lished at 50/.) ; Home's 'New .Spirit of the Age,' 
1844, 5/. 5«. ; and Withors's ' Tracts and I^etters on 
Planting,' 18*^6.8, with an unpublished letter of Sir 
Walter Scott, IS/. The list also contains choice 
seta of Charles Lamb, a Fourth Folio Shakespeare, 
antiquarian works, /fcc. 

Messrs. William (Jeorge's Sons, of Bristol, in their 
summer list include the latest additions to their 
stock. Under America is Lewis and Clarke's ' Deli- 
neations of the Manners of the Indians,' 1809, 3'i«. (mI. 
Royaumont's ' Bible Prims,' R. Blonie, 1701, {it'll Hh. 
Under Bibliography we find 'The English (.'atalogue 
of Books,' 1838 to January, 1863, compiled by Samp- 
son Low, 36<i. Borrow'a works, 10 vols., all first 
editions, are II. 10*. ; ' Costumes of the Time of the 
French Revolution,' 1889, '21. I.lj. ; Dryden's ' Fables," 
with engravings by Lady Diana Beauclerc. 1798. 
3/, %•. ; 'Freemasonry, Regulations for the Use of 
the Ixidges,' 1723, newly bound by Zaehnsdorf, 
10/. Wm, : (Granger's 'Biographical History of Eng- 
land,' 1824, Ttl. .V'. : Lafuente's * .Spain,' Barcelona, 
1889-90, rj. fw. : Wedmore's 'Turner and Ruskin," 
2 vols,, 7/. It. ; and ' White's Club.' by the Hon. A. 
Bourke, 2 vols., royal 4to, 5/. hi. There are a number 
of works under India, and also under Scandinavia. 

Mr. Charles Higham has had such a supply of 
iKHiks that he has been obliged to issue two cata* 
logues of religious literature within a month. One 
of them contains a collection of early English, 
I MS- 1790, 

Mr. James Irvine, of Fulham, has a number of 
books on botany, ferns, and fungi, also a good 
tniscoUaneous collection. Among these we fiad 

NOTES AND QUERIES. H"-^ ^s a. j. m si. ism. 

Ii&rran'a ' AtiBtr&Iasia Illuatrated,' 3 vola,, folio, 
1/. fi«. ; and HilliiiKs'i ' Amiquitie* of ScotUnd, 
4 voU., 4lo,.V. .'<■«. Under nil ■ ' " luksare 'The 

Turner (la 
f>/. ff. ; and 

lery.' wilh ten 
■ Kichinondshire, 

Mise, 3 vols., 
rii avinus after 

iiaintings by Turner, letleriireiw by Mrs. A. Hunt, 
Vi. 2<i. There are a number of natural history 
books, aUu book* on the microscope, |>eolo|;y, orni- 
thology, zoology, lojiograiihy, and travel. 

Meaarii. MagKS Bros, have a good liit of topo- 
graphical and heriildio booka, valuable county hia- 
Coriea, and gouHral literature. Among other items 
we notice a larjtte collection of the eprechea of 
oratora and jioliticians, "."i vole., royal 8vo, .W. ; 
Tooke'a ' History of Prices,' I.S,SH-5T, very scarce, 
14/. 14«. ; ' Historical Menioira of the Ruaitell Family,' 
1833, 11. 10-.; Pyne'a 'Windsor Caalle,' 'Ml.: an 
extra -illuatrated copy of Faulkner's 'Fulhnni,' 
e/. 10*.; Hone's 'Miracle Plays,' ISiS^.I, 4/. 4«. ; a 
tiollection of workn relating to music, :16 vols., 
ia'W-89, IM/. 18.1.; Murray's 'Caihedrala.' 61. l&t. ; 
Janaaun's 'Atlaa,' very scarce, fi/. Ili<. ; and Haated's 
' Kent,' 177k iW, 'HI. There arc works relating to 
London and Scotland, including, under Hannatvne, 
•The Black Book of Taymouth,' Edinburgh, IS.'ia, 
<y. 10". This waa privately printed by the Marquess 
(if Breadalbane. There is alao a aet of the English 
Dialect Society Publications, 34 vola.. 15/. 154. 

Mr. H. H. Peach, who formerly traded aa \V. H. 
Hoyle. (Jreyfriars, Leicester, has two catalogues of 
iwoka and manuacripts. Among other itenia mc 
tind Oldliam'a ' Romanie Hiatori.X' Anthologia.' 
1653 83, .V. rw. : Thomas North'a 'The Dial! of 
Princes," 15S0. 4/. is. ; and Pope a ' Easay on Man.' 
1745, 12mo, :V. 10<. The laot volume conlaina au 
autograph note of Pope's. The book belonged to 
Mark I'altison. 

Mr. C. Richardson, of Oxford Road, Manchester, 
has a catalogue of scientific literature. In thia we 
tind Hewitaou's" Kxotic Butterflies,' IHSlfifi, scarce, 
t^2/. V\i.\ ' Orchids.' by F. .Sander, liS/. ; and Oouble- 
day and Weatwond'a ' The ' lencra of Diurnal Lcpido- 
|itera,' IHIO-S'J, 'HI. There are a number of works 
under Astronomy, Geology, Ethnology, Chemistry, 
and Medical. 

Mr. A. Russell Smith ha* a eeoond and con- 
cluding porlion of the list of tracts, pamphlets, 
and broiulsiiies we noticed on 18 .lune, tiringiug it 
from 18(1) tu 18!llt. Collectors will lind these two 
lists of great value. 

Meaars. Henry Sothoran k Co. have in their last 
catalogue numerous works printed at the Kelmscott 
and iitner presses. Among many interentini; items 
we find an illustrated copy of ' Anti -Jacobin 
Poetry,' 1801, price Hi. 8». There is an important 
manuscript of the ".Sitanish Match," being a 
commonplace book mane by Sir Walter Aatoo 
while he waa ambassador in Spain, Kf-ttS and 
1633-8. The catalogue is rich in works on Austral- 
asia. Among these are Oxiey'a 'Two Expeditions 
into the Interior of New .South Wales,' I817;18; 
and Slr/.eleeki'« ' Pliyaical Ueacrijition of New 
iSoulli Wales.' Str/olccki was the hrst U> discover 

goldboaruig iiunrii'. in I8,1i* in the Blu» Mountains, 
ul "at the request of the Governor of the Colony, 
who feared a convicla' revolt, did not include an 
account of his discovery in the work." We have 
only apai'u to mention three other itemi: Buck's 
' Anti(|uitie«,' 17'il'4!), ,,/. lOo. : Montaigne, fic«t 
edition, ItiOS, 73/. 10s. ; aod a fine copy of the firat 


> wvD- 


Prayor-Iiook of Queen Kliulielh, ISS9. 230f. Tb* 

last is extremely rare. 

Mr. Albert Sutton, of Man »t 

of miscellaneoui literutur. «. 

There ia a complete set ol ,....,,., ^„,^,,tmt uauc. 
18411902. 25/. 

Mr. James Thin, of Edinburvh- 
claasified catalogue. There are «> 
1817 to end of 1MB, 'Jl/. : .■ir.-h,, 
1S4.V64, !■■ ■ " 

the /'. 
logue 1 

There are alao iiiloreattug il«iu>> uuder Napoleon. 
Occult, Natural History, and Oriental. 

Mr. Wilfrid M. Voynich issues anoth«r of hi* 
short catalogues. Mr. \'oynich has now auch • 
large atock that he finds ii imposaiblu to give fall 
descriptions in his bibliographical lists, and h*a 
decided to issue, side by side with thosa liata, 
ordinary short onea, the preaent being the nintli, 
and. like the earlier, full of rarities. 

Mr. George Winter, of Charing Croaa Road, in ', 
July list has works on the tine arta : a aet 
' British EaaaviaU,' 4.) vols., 1808, il. 17*. 
EngleUeld'a 'Isle of Wight,' 1810, il. 7«. 
Kelmscott Press publications, 8 vola. 4to, Ot. 
a copy of Littri, 4 vola., '21. 15«. : Nelson's 
tol.,a<ly Hamilton.' original e<litioii, 1814, 1/ 7«.C 
Ingram's ' Oxford,' large ]>aper, 3 vola., IN-'fT. 1/. ]( 
C vols, of Pickering'a " Diamond Classicii," 17*.!" 
Sa/i,iH(, or Moiithii/ Mirroi. ISUSll. 1/. l'2« 
Lodge's ' Portraits,' 1835,2/. 17.<.0i/. . and Catuc 
' Britannia,' 1095, 1/. 5n. 

^oticct ia Corrtsponbtnti. 

ITa mu*t eail uptcial aUtnlion to the foUo 
no/ice* .■ — 

On all communicationa must be written (he i. 
and addresa of the aendur, not necessarily for) 
licatiou, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

W E cannot undertake to answer queriea prirat* 

To aecure iuaertion of communicationa oor. _ 
apondents inuat obaerve the following rulea. Let 
each note, query, or reply be written on a aeparate 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writ«r and 
such addreaa aa he wishes to appear. When answer- 
ing queries, or making notes with regard to previon* 
entries in the paper, contributors are requested to 
put in parentheses, immediately after the exao% 
heading, the aeries, volume, and page or page* 
which they refer. Correspondents who rejx 
queries are requested to head the second 
nmnication " Duplicate." 

Evu)SKit.— The uie of the word in that seoael 
Shakesfiearian : " Thaw and resolve itself into] 
dew " (' Macbeth '). 

Lrcis ("Once in a blue moon"),— lieo O*"" S. 
I'ij, '238, 3*5 ; 7"' S, V. '248. 


Editorial communications should be addrea 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and (jueriea'"— Adv« 
tisementa and Business Letters to "The Pub- 
lisher"— at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chanoerv 
Lane, E.G. — 

We beg leave to state that we decline to retnr 
communicationa which, for any reason, we do no. 
print; and to thit rule we can make no exception.' 

io-8.u.Jin.Y23.i904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



(Close to Piccadilly Circus). 


PHLETS, nnd OLD BOOKS on many SubjecU. 


CATALOGUES poatfrw. 



PsrtVII.,o<mUlning K-SUAKBSPBAKK, with itioul 160 

llluitrfttltma, prlG« 'M. (nearly ready). 

Put I., oonuluiiig A— B, with 130 Illuitnitlon«, prfae4<. 

Put II., C, with UO IlluHratloiii, prioe 3t. 

PuU III.— VI., D-Q, with 5M Illaitnlloiit la Factlmlle, 

prioe 3f, «kch. 






SKCXJND.JIAND liOOKS, roiitainint; Works 
on Old Agriculture, Philology, Numismatica, 
lie. — Booka relating to Scotland, Historical, 
ADtiijnari.'u], tic. 


144 pp. 
CataUt/vei grati$ and pott frra on applieution. 


Ancient and Modern Bookseller, 

54 and 77, Charing Cross Koad, London, W.C. 

CATALOGUES iisued Monthly. Pott frtt 

to Bookhuyers. 

Mr. Bortraui DobcU has always on hand n large 
and varied stock of interesting books, including 
First Kititions of Anoient and Modern Aulhorc, 
Old English Books, Americana. First Editions of 
Works in all branches of Literature. 


43, Bridge Street, MANCHESTER, 

BOOKS of the " SIXTIES." 

I K»talilithed 1848. 


Including Dlckent, TbAckeny, Lever, Alosworth. 

Booki llluiUsted by O. and R. Cralkthuik, Phli, LMoh, 
KowluiilHio, ac. 


Catalogw* iuued and tent post fret on 


[ 27, New Oxford Street, London, W.O, 









And Works dealing witli 



And a large number of 

Post free from 

TBOMAS CARVER, Bookseller, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. juu. 23" 

" The 6ardf»«ri' Chronielt hu faithfully hold to its promises. It U still, to-day, the t>eM ((a'dsBlsK 
joarnal, being indispensable equally to the practical gardener and the man of science, becanie each 
finds in it something useful. We wish the joarnal still farther saccets." — Oarttn Flora, Berlin, Jaiv, IS. 

"The liardgnert' ChronieU is the leading horticultural journal of the world, and an hiatorial 
publication. It baa always excited oar respectful admiration. A country is honoured by the pniifilnn 
of such a publication, and the greatest honour we can aspire to is to famish oar own coonUy with a 
journal as admirably conducted." — La Semaiiu HortieoU, Feb. 13, 1897. 

" The OarderuTt' Otroniele is the most important borticnltnral journal in the world, and the 
generally acknowledged authority.' — Le MmUUur d'Sortumltwv, Sept., 1898. 

The Oldest Horticultural Newspaper. 



(The 'Times' of Horticulture.) 




lU Contributors comprise the most 

Experienced British Gardeners, 

and many of the most 

Eminent Men of Science 

at Home and Abroad. 



8pecimen Copy post free on application to the Publisher, 

H. G. COVE, 41, Wellington Street, Strand, London. 

Telegraphic Address-GARDCHRON, LONDON. Telephone No. 16*3 GKRRARD. 

•^* Mai/ he ordered of all Booksellerg and Neurxagrntt, and at Uie Railway Bookulallt. 

riblUbM WMtl; br JOHN r FRAKOI* nrmm'. RnlMliin Otuirarr Lane K O . •<« PrlglM k. JORM XUWiJU> MIUCCU, 
Athwnm rrvM, Bnain*l UnlMtBf*. Chmbocrr Lkot, M.V. •^Saturday, Jvty :9, IPM. 

- ^ 


% KJlfbinm o( luUrcommtinicatton 



^H "WbcD found, sska « nota of." — Captaik Cdttlb, 

_-. , ^ •• f '*''•' Index, f 

No. 31. [s^.'ir.i::,] Saturday, July 30, 1904. \'Ti:.-Tf"o. 'J'S. 

With Index, priott lOd. 

!f€fH4-elMsw Mmtt^, 
iQ» td.pmttjrn. 



■W Sta-M. lorToalve Mnntlt*. tnola«liic »« Vol«m« lod«a.— JOUM C. 
f yjt.ANUlB..V»t«'aHj tii»rrM«Ulll««.)lraun'* HBlUlDt«,ChMiearT Lam*. 

" KXBiDin* writ Tnsr binnd. H« 

From John ol Ukobi ilcrtli brjnit htt pedlf rre '*~^B*Knr>«»a 

ANCKSTKY.Kn^lUh, Scotch, Irish, and American, 
TRArilD IromHTATH uer^(>UI>^ Hpi>rlK)lty ■- West nt KavlAad 
Mid Kmiirnint Kkrolhr« -Mr UK VNKLL-rfH&M , 17. Bedford crrea*. 
Bieter, and I, I'pham ("ark lUwd. Chliw irk. London. W. 

MR. L. CUIiLKTON, 92, PiccHdilly, London 
iMpmlivr of Fnffiuit jkii>t ^ori-iifn AiitlfjaRrlan ftoelDlleti). and«r- 

%ahrB n> -Kb lU-irl*l«ri, Cr>plM or 

AtMira knJ (>ih«r Itfoonii uvvful 

lortJrr "n.l.niid IrwUnd 

A till I • ' , .'Mi>leil, fttid Iranilated. 

Furri,. -ut llJtifUiii*! Invited. Mr. CiUieton'i 

^rliair ' iinaiittlDR fitr riuKa. 

AnitijK . Maunal Keai'clk»d lor and Copied at the 

pllad. bq manar OB what f)ab)*et lrha««i»d«*d m* world ovar 
aath*' miMicanvn UooiiflBdart viunL Pl*«se •i*t« witat*. — tiAK-RU'S 
Oraat Hoohiatip li-IS. John Hricbt Mtr*at. Blrmiachaai. 




Poanded isaa. 


VBBdi exreed Sl.OOOt 
^^ Om«t} MamorUl Hall HalldlBit. 16. Famard«a8trart,LoB4oB,B.C. 
I^L Patroa 

^B TkB Rlclit Hon . tb« KA HI. of UUtiKHKU Y . X O. 

^H TbeaiRbtHnn tbe LUU1> OLBNMK.. 

^^M Treatarar : 


^^B straad. W C 

^^1 TrB<L»«i rBi omno Mvmbtnof OaiBBiUtaa); 



^H ALfHKl) HRNKT Hanck R«(] <Chairraaa of OommittM/ 

^P CHAHI,K> \ W1>KY. Baq.M A. 

UUJRCrs -Thia In^ <tab)Utal»l IB IHW IB Ihe City of 

Lood'in. mt.irr tim !■ i. lata Aldenuaa Harmur, for 

graininir l>tt<tn>ii» *.< ■ ASKisLaace la principal! aud 

aaaUMJil* ••UOH*"'* *' '■ Mihir* 

A IWnatinn »f it^ ' ■ vir..-i»retiJant mil tivt* 

KhNM Toua for llt^ At nBiion of 1 hr«c ((Uinoaa 

Ittrat a tow at all •;■ -'t Aauai.1 •urf*<'rii<*r i» 

aautlad to one »ouai *.. , .. .v., - vi m1 cacb Five Hhillio|t «u 


UK'MllKllHIIir' -PVM7 man and woman tbronifhout tbe I'nitvd 

XlBC>li>ni. whn!hor j.til.M-I.f'r *T..-.:r^li-r rrlAtltr tn,r,i,,»pr nr cm- 

iTad. I* •nlM ■ ■ "l<>r 

bansnta up"i' . m 

Ufa. i-rofi 

Th« priaclp»l I . .■•« 

■r«. tbat •*arn u»nilMMt in*ll tii**- '"-'n I » nitTiit/er ..I v>k IiiiiiiiJiiOD 

for not lem» thsn ten ;ean preCBdintf applioaiion i iTt nni !«•* maa 

Dfljr-ave T«ai-Bora<a , i3| taraftd la tbe caie of n*««|.«r"*t-* fnrti Ipbac 

MB voir* 

UKI.IRI' —TemrorarT r«Ii*l Is siten in i-i rilf 

lo Mamttara of the ln»iitot)r<o. bat ut nea<> .nta 

who may bn rrcommrndrd lor a««l»taacr li* M' i,n. 

laqBlrj !• mada la tarh raM»* hr TUitlhk' ' r li 

aww4ediB accordance witb the tuvtitaand r< 
w. wu ■ 

j Wa 


■ Bra. 

NOW HIADT, prtH 10.. M. net. 

B N B 

R A 

I N D K X 




Willi iBtnMDollon br JDHEPH KNIQHT, F 8.4. 

Ttu IndiiE la OdoIiIi! ihr ilx of prtrlnua <iii«, u l: cnDUini In 
idilmnn In Uie u.ul ln<l«i of «ii(,J.rt.. m, %,„,„ ,„.i F„„d„n;„, 
iif Wrllir., with m LI. I of Itimr l'nDtMbiiti..r.. Ihu i>u,„m,; o> 
rOB.tAnI CnutrlLuUiri viope.). .Ik. (in lianilr.n i tip rcHrvaa 
Ihu rJitlil (.r Incrm.litK thn price f.T tl.r Volutnf .( Abj ii,„« Tli. 
oumtiei prlntcl It linilud, Rnd Ihn tMi) Ita. brvD aiiirll.iii*a. 

>'re« ttjr pott, lu*. ll,/ 
JOIIW C. FRAMC1>, .Vmo ..».( Uurru. omci. llrHlli'. Hillillim. K.C. 

•niUUl KlilTlUM, UtTlMll ID IMM. top. «.o. elM. prlo. aupuM 

ASTRONOMY for the Y O U N O 
»» W T LYNN.H.A.1>B.A». 
fit IlBattAD'. HouH, Fett«rljui«. Kc. 



Importont llol^a In tfio Ht.tnrr of the World from the Hoira of 
I tu tb. Pre.«tit Tim. Thip.i Ui*!..... j|_ w .p i vwm i. Z 

IhkTid tu the PreeeDt Time. 

Third JMllloh 
SAMrsuN U>W * CO. St. Dtuuua'i Homw, Teu^r Lau, ao. 


A iThe L84DKMHA1.I. Pltssd. Ltd ,Pm,li,b.r.«odPrlDler« 

&l. Leedenhell i«tre.t, London. H C i 

Oontaln. halrlr.. p«i.or. o»«r nrnich the pea illpi aith perleet 

freedom Hupenc. •.•;)< »< per doien. nUed or pleio. New Pocket 

sue. a., p.r dof.o. ruled or pleln '"b.oi 

Author, .hould note ihel The Leedenhell Preia, Ltd . eennol tx 

rMpojelbl. h.r the loee ol HSU. », in or olhernue. Oopllote eoplM 

aaoBia DarvuiBad. 

OTICKPHAvST PA.STE is miles better than Gum 

k-" lor .llclilndn »cr»|>.. inlnlnf Peper.. Ac JJ . ».( end I, with 
•tronv.ueefel ltrtt.n(Bote roi,, |.end two .lenipi to poeufe 
for > Mmple Home. Inclodinic Hraeh Pertorf. Sonr Loel Cuui. 
U»«e«t»ll«««t. nc. liruisiuloaere. sueephnat Puieeueke. 


.i*. FUANCIS. rrlBter "I It.. . .!■!,....«... .V.4., ,„,^ t. ^ , 

prepared to Sl'llMl r l»ll«c.»TBi< Inr all hinda of Hool, NHws 
Jil. '".''?"'""*'' '■'*"'1"«0-'». Brou., )i«l»l.,.,\.B."^' 


ri' UN BRIDGE WELLS.-Comfort*bIy FUR. 

goiet. pleaaaol. and reotrmi Three nleule.' nlk from S X It A o 
Bjauon. Ho olh.ra,.._Jl u , W, OrOTe Mill Kc^d, iMbrTd,; 


NOTES AND QUERIES. Iio"' s. ii. Jcv *). ibiml 

K I N G'S 




We have to announce a new ediliuit of this Dictionary. It first &p]>eared at the end of 
'87, and was quickly disposed of. A larger (and corrected) issue came out in the spring ot 
1889, and is now out of print. The Tliird, published on July 14, contains a larK* 
accession of important matter, in the way of celebrated historical and literary siiying« aiid 
noU, much wanted to bring the Dictionary ta a more complete form, and now appenrini; in 
its pages for the first time. On the other hand, the pruning knife has l)een freely U8«>d, and 
the excisions are numerous, A multitude of trivial and suporlluous items have thus be«n 
cast away wholesale, leaving only those citations which were worthy of a place in a st^udaxd 
work of reference. As a result, the actual number of i]Uotations is less, although it is hopod 
that tlio improvement in quality will more than oompensat« for the loss in quantity. The 
book has, in short, been not only revised, but rewritten throughout, and is not so muc'b a ti.'w 
edition as a new work. It will be seen also that the quotations are much more " rar 
than before, and that where any history, story, or allusion attaches to any particular ba....^. 
the opportunity for tilling the tale has not been thrown away. In this way what is primarilY 
taken up as a book of reference, may jierhaps be retained in the hand as a piece of plea«ant 
reading, that is not devoid at times of the elements of humour and amusement. One otbdr 
feature of tlie volume, and perhaps its most valuable one, deserves to be noticed. Th« 
previous editions professed to give not only the quotation, but its reference ; and, altboueh 
performance fell very far short of promise, it was at that time the only dictionary of the kind 
published in this country that had been compiled with that definite aim in view. In the 
present case no citation — with the exception of such unaffiliated things as proverbs, m&xiias, 
and mottoes — has been admitted without its author and passage, or the "chapter and verse" 
in which it may be found, or on which it is founded. In order, however, not to lose 
altogether, for want of idciititication, a number of otherwise deserving sayings, an appendix 
of Adeipota is supplied, consisting of quotations which either the editor has failed to trace to 
their source, or the paternity of whicb has not been satisfactorily proved. There are four 
indexes — Authors and authorities, Subject index, Quotation index, and index of Greek 
passages. Its deficiencies notwithstanding, ' Clai-sicai and Foreign Quotations' has so far 
remained without a rival as a filyglot nuxnual of tfu toorld'n famous layingt in one pair of 
covers and of moderat« dimensions, and its greatly improved qualities should confirm it still 
more firmly in public use and estimation. 

K I N G'S 



London: J. WHITAKBR it SONS, Ltd., 12, Warwick Lane, K.C. 

ao* s. n. jcL» 30. 19W.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


" CONTENTS.-No. 31. 

ROTB8:-0oIprM^e Blli||o|frmrhv. nl-L»tt*rm r>f Cowper, 


a 8bark - 

'Word! xbti, 


-Uey CaiiUe, co. York— Cloaetfl 

*3— "Peek-ho''— " Kryiilem. 

Imrn." 8,%— Bobetnlaii vllUge* — Owt-n Brlgitocke — Tbe 

Sp&nUriiK of AiIa— Irre«pon»lble Scribbleri, 86. 

QUKK1BS:-Plngml and DUrml.l — "raulM let*"— "A 
singing fftce" — '• All oM ihott "•— Br«e<:h« BIMf — "Saint" 
M K Prelix. S:— WotllnRton— lAdy Btlznb^Ui Germain— 
" Keversion " ot Treo*— George dteitiinnn St«tiimAn — 
Cotlynghiira Will — ' God save the lilng ' X*amt1ied — 
Eilmunil Hallry, SiirgtMm K.N.— T. ItnyonUlt-Twerton 
Vlcarfc, 88 —Sporting Clergy Wfore tbt Refortnatfon- 
■**{Jome, live with me*'— Harii 
in Udlnburgh Bull<1ing«, 8l< 

nSPLIBS :— Pamela, 8i*-Htchan1 Pincema. ao-"SuD and 
Anchor" Inn— GrHy'H 'Bleary'' In Latin, t):/-RanetierK, 

kPlnnl«h Piwt-HUirming o( Fort, Mori>—**T«l«'ntrd," 1-3 — 
Bet>«ccH of ' Ivanb«*— M«rT Sliak«|:«<fe— lUmle — King 
of SwtMltMi on thf Balance n( Power, i»4— The St. Htrlena 
Mclal-Slr Thomas Kalrhank— Tlde.we!l and Ti.letlow— 
The VAgbnatch, iiS-Hnglliih Cardinal*' Hat* -First Ocean 
Ni*wsp«pt'r— Ctiacbmrtn'»t Ki'lt-aph— WoUerlianiptiin Pul- 
pit. Od— Aintly— " Hangwi, drawn, and quartered," ?<7— 
U«noett Family of Llnoolo, 9i. 

WOTBS ON BOOKS -The Oxford Dlciiooary — Sidney'a 

»• Defence of PtH'sIe ' — * Leycett^r** Coromonwcaltb ' — 
' Soiittiflb Hiatorical Review '— 'Yorkshire Notes and 
IjuerlM ' — ' Hell<|uary.' 

Death of Mr. J. Loralne Heetls. 

Notices to Correapondenia, 



(.SeoiPS. X. 310.) 

At this reference I wrote that a friend, 
whoso knowledge of Coleridge was second to 
that of no one, had pointed out that the very 
scarce pamphlet of 'Poems,' containing 'Fears 
in Solitude,' ' France : an Ode,' and 'Frost at 
Midnight,' was really a tirar/e-apart from 
"The Poetical llegisier, and depository of 
Fugitive Poetry, for 1808-1809. London: 
Printe<l for F. C. and J. llivington, No. 62, 
St. Paul's Church-yard ; By Law and Gilbert, 
St. John's Square, Clerkenwell. 1812." This 
statement was quoted by Dr. John Louis 
Haney at p. 8 of his ' Bibliography of Samuel 
Taylor Coleridge," Philadelphia, ltt03. 

In a notice of Dr. Haney 's 'Bibliography' 
which appeared in ii\o AthnuiMm for 16 April, 
p. 498, the reviewer remarked that the pam- 
phlet was not a lirnge-a-jmrt, or ofTprint, but 
a reprint^ done by the printers, and in the 
type, of 'The Poetical Register,' the text of 
'which was also followed. I was at first 
nclined to question this correction, not only 

iC« the authority on which 1 based rav 
|«tatement seemed too good to be discredited, 
" ut because it hardly seemed worth while 

r Coleridge, or any one i*l"- '•■ ■""•;!• •';- 
use of resetting the typ' 
mas' had been priut«ci, ;.. >. .. 

few fresh copies might be struck off. The 
poems had been previously printed in 1798, 
and on their reissue must have had a wide 
circulation in 'The Poetical Register,' which 
is a comparatively common book. The pam- 
phlet of ' Poems ' is, on the contrary, exceed- 
ingly scarce, not more than three or four 
copies being recorded. 

I communicated my doubts to the Editor 
of the At/uiiipiim, who very kindly forwarded 
to me a letter from the reviewer, givini? in the 
most courteous manner his reasons tor con- 
sidering the pamphlet a reprint, by which 
term it is implied that aft«r the typo of ' The 
Poetical Kegister ' had been distributed, the 
text of the three poems was reset. As I was 
abroad at the time, I had no o})portunity of 
comparing the two texts, even it I had had 
a copy of the pamphlet in my possession. 
Immeiiiatelv on my return to England, how- 
ever, I hart the good fortune to acquire a 
copy at the sale of the late Mr. J. Dykes 
Campbell's books, which took place at 
Sotheby's on 13-14 June, and I have there- 
fore beisa enabled to subject the two t«xts 
to a rigorous examination, the result being 
that I ain disposed to think (though I am 
not absolutely certain) that the reviewer 
may be right, and that my original state- 
ment was wrong, to the extent that one, at 
least., of the poems ia not an offprint, but a 
reprint, of the text in 'The Poetical Register.' 

The chief points on which the reviewer 
relied for his assertion were : — 

1. Several differences in the distribution 
of the lines, tf.y., in ' The Poetical Register' 
(which for tho sake of brevity I will call A) 
on the first page [2-27] there are printed lines 
1-20, while in ' Poems' (which I will call B). 
[p. 3], there are lines 1-25. On the second 
page of A [228] there are printed lines 2l-.''>4, 
and on the corresponding page of B [4], lines 
2B-60. And so on throughout the three 

2. Several minor textual variations, e.ff.. in 
A the sub-heading of ' Fears in Solitude is, 
)i'ritlen, April, i:'js, ihtrin'j th(- Alarm nf an 
Innasion. In B Alarm is altered into Alarms. 
In line 32 of ' France : an Ode,' A runs. "Tito* 
dear her shores," while in B"Tho' ''iscnanged 
into " Though," and in line 83 "To insult" 
(A)is printed "Tinsult" (B). In 'Frost at 
Midnight,' line 30 nins in A : — 

Not uninvited. Ab there was a time, 
while in B it appears as — 
Not uninvited. 

Ab ! there wua time, 

'• •' Mne l>eing broken up into a new para- 
, and a note of admiration inserted after 
.^... ' In 'Fears in Sollta<k, Vwsir V\ , <0a.^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio* s. u. jclt 30. lou. 

word " heath " in A is followed by a comma, 
and in B by a full stop ;* and in line 89 we 
have " war-whoop " in A and " war whoop " 

3. Under, and forming part of, the title of 
each of the three poems in A, we find the 
words, "By S. T. Coleridfjo, Esq." These 
words are omitted from the titles of the 
poeros in B. 

4. The first pace [227] of 'Fears in Soli- 
tude' in A has the signature Q 2, while the 
first page of this ix>em in B has the signature 
A 2. 

Now if the type of ' The Poetical Register ' 
had been left standing, all these corrections 
and alterations might have been made with- 
out difficulty before an offprint was taken. 
Much more extensive changes are frequently 
made during tlie correction of proof-sheets, 
and the text of 'The Poetical Register,' so 
long as the tyiie was not distributed, might 
have been regarded as a proof. It required, 
therefore, a closer scrutiny before I could find 
grounds for thinking that the text of the 
pamphlet was reset. 

The Atkaufum reviewer asserted that the 
tvpe of the pamphlet was that of 'The 
Poetical Register.' On thi.s point he is pro- 
bably correct ; but granting the fact, it is 
apparently set closer, and is much more worn. 
A careful measurement will show that the 
lines in the pamphlet are slightly shorter 
than those of 'The Poetical Register.' This 
is especially noticeable in ' Fears in Solitude.' 
Line 8 of this poem begins with the word 
"Bath'd." In A the final letter d is perfect, 
but in B it is broken, the upper portion of 
the long stroke inclining to the left. The 
last word in line 19 of the poem is "best." 
In A the word is normally printe<l, while in 
B the letter s seems to have been turned 
topsy-turvy, and therefore fails in lineal 
regularity. The last word of line 62 is 
"preach'd." In A this is properly printed, 
while in B the apostrophe has dropped, and 
the word appears as " preach d." It may 
also be observed as a small, but not un- 
important detail, that underneath the title 
of each poem there are two lines, one thick 
and one thin. In 'The Poetical Register' 
the thicker line is uppermost, but in the 
pamphlet the thinner. 

These considerations lead to the conclusion 

that ' Fears in Solitude ' may have been 

r reset. About 'France' and 'Prost at Mid- 

I night' I feel a little doubtful. But it is 

really a question for a practical printer to 


* I am not, however, enre that tbia w not a 
broken coninia. 

The separately-printed pamphlet ^ 
some bibliographical value, because., 

not a jiriiicejis, it contains the first ex pi 

of the author's maturer thoughts. Tlie fol 
lowing note occurs at p. 530, 'Frost at AliJ 
night,' in 'The Poetical Register'; — 

"This )>oem, which was tirst ]>ahlisbed wlU 
* Fears in Solitude, and 'France an iiiie,' hoa ban 
since enlarged and correcteii, and with tba o\ 
iK>ein8, is now inserted in the I'octicii Resi8t«r» 
oy the kind |)ernii8siou of Mr. (^loridge." 

This note is not reproduced in the ))aiuphlet. 
In dealing with the ./focci' and nnuci of 
bibliography another point in connexion witik 
Coleridge may be notice*!. In 179.1 be pub- 
lished a small pamphlet entitled 'The Plot 
Discovered ; or, An Address to the People, 
against Ministerial Treason.' So far aa I 
know, only two copies of this pamphlet, 
stitched in the original wrapper, have sur- 
vived, one of them l>eing in my own prmnca 
sion and the other in that of a wcll-knowa 
bibliopliile. This wrapper is valuable, be- 
cause the upper leaf l>eara the lialf-title. 
" A Protest against Certain Bills. Bristol ; 
Printed for the Author, November 28, 1795." 
This description was given in 'The }>ibl!o- 
graphy of Coleridge,' 1000, p. 9. The friend 
to whom I was indebted for the account of 
the pamphlet of ' Poems,' which I havo cited 
at tne beginning of this note, informed m^- 
that there was not a colon after " Bristol,"' 
but a semicolon, basing his assertion ori the- 
authority of the other copy. As a close in- 
spection convinced me that I was right., I 
became curious to see the copy in question, 
and shortly afterwards I had an opixjrtmiity 
of doing so. An examination proved not 
only that both I and my friend were right, 
but that while in my copy the word "Bristol* 
was printed in ron)an capitals, in the other 
it was printed in italic capitals. The wavy 
lines at the head and foot of the inscription 
were also of different lengths in the two- 
copies. At this distance of time it is inj. 
possible to say why there should have been 
a resetting of the inscription, or which copy 
was the earlier one, but the fact remains as % 
warning against any dogmatism or " oook>- 
sureness " in matters of bibliography. 


(Sec onfc, pp. 1, 42.) 

Pp. 43-14 :— 

Letter 4. 

AuRuat 10, 17G7. 

I send you an extract from u frirnd of niino at 

Bristol, ^ving an account of the death of a child At 
Clifton, about b mile from Bristol, the son uf tbo 
clerk of that parish ; be died aged S yo«t'« and 

io*8.iljui.t3o.i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


^Smontbi. About two months before hi» death he 
wu for «om« time iu the churcliyBrdwith his father, 
and a ilav or two after said to his mother: " Mother, 
I waa ao nappy 'lother ilay in the churchyard, thil I 
did not know what to do, or how to account for it. 
I was force<l to say. Praised be God." On Sunday 
morninK) about one oVlock, he was suddenly taken 

»ill, with a violent pain in his bowels. His snfTer- 
ings were extremely acute during hi« whole illness, 
■which lasted little more than four (*J hours, during 
which time at intervals he would pray with great 
fervency. To his nurse on Monday morning early 
he said : " Nanny, I have nothing more to do with 
books and learning now : I have laid 'em all aside." 
Even in hii< ravings, which were frequent, he was 
either talking of his books, or praying earnestly 
and singing hvmns. Ou Monday he desired his 
mother to read to him theSUt* Psalm ; "or rather," 
aaid he, " lot me rea<l it." Uo took the book iu 
hand, but his eyes were already dim ; he then 
desired his mother again to read it, and afterwards 
to pray with him. She did so, and he joined with 
fervour. At one time he lay quite still and calm. 
"My dear," said his mother, "how do you do? 
are you in i)ain!'" "Oh no," said he, " I am very 
easy and very well." On Tuesday night, about two 
hours before he died, his mother was^ for applying 
fresh warm Hannels to his bowels. U|>on touching 
him, he said : "Oh you disturb me in my journey " ; 
and in two hours afterwards he died, without a 
struggle or a sigh, in the midst of a hymn. 

The death of this child made me take particular 
notice of two stanzas of a hymn in Doddridge's 
collection : 

Thy saints in earlier life i^moved 

»In sweeter accents sing. 
And bless the swiftness of their flighti 
"rhat bore them to their King. 
The burthens of a lengthened day 
\\'ith patience we would bear ; 
Till evening's welcome hour shew. 
We were our Master's care. 
Yours, my dear Aunt, etc. etc. 

Pp. 45-47 :— 

• Letter 5. 

0-y (Olney), Sept. 28, 1767. 
My diar ArifT,— It is tit 1 should acknowledge 
the goodness of (>o<i in bringing me to this place, 
abounding with |ialm trees and wells of living 
water. The Lord out it into my heart to desire to 
partake of His oruinancea, and to dwell with His 
people, and has graciously given me my heart's 
desire. Nothing can exceed the kindness and 
hospitality with which we are received here by 
Mr. N — (Newton) ; and to bo brought under the 
ministry of so wise and fruitful a steward of his 
holy mysteries, is a blessing for which I can never 
be sufliciently thankful. May our heavenly Father 
grant that our souls may thrive and flourish in 
some proportion to the abundant means of grace 
we enjoy: for the whole day is but one continued 
opportunity of seeking Him, or conversing ulxiut 
the things of Uis kingdom. 1 find it a ditrieult 
matter, when durrounded wilht the blessiugs of 
Providence, to remember that I seek a country, and 
that this is not the place of my rest. Ciod gloritiei 

* Mrs. Cowner's note : "I should rather think it 
was the C3rd.' 
t liy in text, with in margin. 

Himself by bringing good out of evil, but it is the 
rei>roach of man, that he is able, and always 
inclined, to produce evil out of the greatest of 
blessings. The Lord has dealt graciously with me, 
since I came, and I trust I have, in two instances, 
had much delightful communion with Him ; yet thie 
lil>erty of access wa^ indulged to me in such a way> 
as to teach mc, at the same time. His great care^ 
that I might not turn it to my jirejudice. 1 expected 
that i II some sermon or exposition I might fin(l Him. 
and that the lips of this excellent minister would 
be the instrument, by which the Lord would work 
upon and soften my obdurate heart ; but He saw 
my pronenoss to idolize the means, and to praise 
the creature, more than thcCreator ; and therefore, 
though He gave me the thing I hoijed for, yet He 
conveyed it to me in a way, which I did not look 
to. At the last Sabliath morning, at a prayer 
meeting before service, while the poor folks were 
singing a hymn, and my thoughts were rambling to 
the ends of the earth, a single sentence ("AuJ is 
there no pity in Jesus's breast?") aeized my atten- 
tion at once, and tny heart within me seemed to 
return answer : " Yes, or I had never been here." 
The sweetness of this visit lasted almost through 
the day ; and I was once more enabled to weep 
under a sense of the mercies of a (iod in Jesus. — 
On Thursday morning 1 attended a meeting of 
children, ana found that pa.ssage,* "out of the 
mouth of babes and sucklings hast Thou ordained 
praise," verified in a sense, I litlle thought of ; for 
at almost every word they spoke, in answer to 
the several ((uestiona proposed to them, my heart 
burned within me, anil melted into tears of grati- 
tude and love. I thought the singularity of this 
dispensation worth your notice ; and, having com- 
municated it, am, in a manner, obliged to break off 

\oura, my dear Aunt, afTectioaately, etc. etc 

Pp. 47-49 :— 

Letter 6. 

Oct. 15, 1767. 

My DEAit Apyr,— I have taken a journey since 
I received the favour of your last letter, with 
Mr. N[ewtonl. Our visit was to the Rev. Mr. 
Moody, au old gosjiel minister, whom Mr- N. 
assists annually with u sermon. From his orchard 
i could see some hills within a small distance of my 
native place.t which formerly I have often visited. 
The sight of them afTooted me much, and awakened 
in me a lively recollection of the goodness of the 
Lord, in caring for and protecting me iu those dark 
and dangerous days, of ignorance and enmity 
against Him and His own blessed word ; teaches 
me to draw an inference from these premises, of 
more worth than millions of gold ana silver. If 
while I was an enemy He loved me, much more 
reason have I to rest assured of His love, being 
reconciled by the blood of His Son. I found myself 
at this place, not entirely among strangers, as I 
exiiocleil to be. The old gentleman was formerly 
acquainted with my father, both at the university, 
ana at B-k-d (Uerkhampstead), and his wife 
travelled with nio from thence to l>ondon in the 
stage coach abuve "JiJ years since. It pleased the 
Lord to lake occasion by these seemingly trivial 
circumstances to make my childhood and youth, 
in their most afTecling colours, pass iu review 

* Ps. IxxxiL compared with Matt. xxi. 16. 
t Great Berkluim{i»t«aid. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no* s. u. jplv ». igo«. 

before ine, and these were followed by snch a tender 
recollection of niv dear fikther, &nd all his kinduew 
to me, (he aniiiiblene«8 and Bweetneas of his tem|i«r 
and cliaracter, that I went out into the orchard, 
and burst forth into praise and thanksgiving to 
God, for having mode me the son of a (lareut, 
whose remembrance was so sweet to me. I have 
frequentljj thought, and expressed myself with 
more anxiety than perhaps was right, u|>on the 
subject of his state towards Ciod, at the time of his 
«lissolution. I was not with him, and they who 
were, were not likely to be very observant of any 
evangelical words that might probably fall from 
his lips in his last moments. He was cverj' thing 
that IS excellent and praiseworthy towards man, 
but to one who has been enabled to see Jesus, as 
the nloiif Saviour, this is no evidence of the 
acceiituiicc of any man. I am willing to hope, that 
tile Lord, who pitieii all our intirmities, and knows 
all our desires, was pleased to till my heart and mv 
mouth with thanksgixitigs on his behalf, that 1 
might have a comfortable expectation of meeting 
him before the throne hcreaUer. 1 could hardly 
help giving thanks toilesus, that Ho had numbcreli 
him with His redeemed (leople. Though fearful- 
oess to offend, and a consciousness that 1 had no 
right to pry into the secrets of the Almighty, or to 
expect satisfaction upon such a subject, restrained 
nie, — I would not build hay or stubble upon this, 
or any other experience, or lay more upon it than 
it will boar ; but I am willing to hoi>e the best 
concerning him, to wait patiently for greater 
certainty in the life to come, and in the mean while 
to rest satisfied that the Judge of all the earth will 
do* right. 

I am, my dear Aunt, 

Vour affectionate nephew, etc. etc. 

John Cowper, the father, died 10 July, 
I7&G, afl. (>\. If he resided at Canibridgo 
a8 an undergraduate, he must have entered 
about 171'2; anyhow he did not proceed to 
a. B.A. degree, but was admitted D.D. by 
royal inaiidat« in 1728. The only Jloody 
■who appeara in the 'Graduati ' near this time 
is Sam. Moody, of Queens', B.A. 1T04 5, 
M.A. 1708, D.I>. 1744, an author. But ho 
cannot be meant, for Cowper would certainly 
have styled him Doctor. He was rector 
of Doddinjihurst, Essex. John Cowper'a 
university friend was James Moody, son of 
J. Moo<iy, of Simpson, in Bucks, gent., who 
matriculated from Christ Cliurcli 17 Dec, 1711, 
odt. 17, B.A. 1715. He was not, as Foster 
says, rector of Dinton, but of Dunton (both 
are in Bucks, but Dunton nearer Olney). 

" On a large slab in the lloor of the chancel [of 
Dunton Church], near the north wall: hiacred to 
the memory of the Reverend James Moody, 55 years 
Hector of this Parochial Church, from the year 1717, 
[a faithful h>lie)iherd, beloved by his Flock, having 
<!onatanlly resided with them near IJO years: labour- 
ing in the word and ministry to the time that he 
de|)arted this life, August 'J'J'' 177-, full of days, 
liaving lived 8U years, and in full assurance of 
latemal life through the alone merit of his >Saviour 
uJmus Christ, who died for our sins and ruse again 

* Will do in \Mct,iloaiiamtkTgia. 

for our justiticatioD, to whom with the Fattuir aad 
the Uoly Ghost be all honour < i'>w ani] 

ever. .\men." — Lijitcomb's ' Uii' t>. 

He was inducted 3<3Sept., 171. i!'-. isi3). 

John Cowper, son of Spencer, of Sootb* 
wick, Surrey, Esq., matriculated froa 
Wadham College. 14 Oct., 171.'), <tet. 20; B.JL 
5 Feb., 1715.6; Fellow of MsrUm (^'oHogc; 
M.A. 18 Dec, 1718 (Foster, 'Alumni Oxon.'). 
See for the Cowixirs Clutterbuck's • HerU,' 
i. ii. index. 
Pp. 49-r.O :— 

Letter 7. (No date] 

1 tliaok you for the history of the two miaikia 

saints of . What numl>ei's are there who nceal 

out of this life into glory, who do but just louoh 
the cup of atlliction with their lips, and ko imme' 
diately to the rivers of pleasure, which are at t ioii'i 
right bond for evermore I I think tiKv lui- two 
the most remarkable instances I have i - .nd 

younger than any of .Janeway's* coll.- ,.•» 

gave me uut a little pleasure, but M .:|1 

much more, whose heart was in a b nie 

than mine, and better disposed to n. th« 

sound of such wonderful salvation. 

Ingratitude to the Author of all my raei-oiea, ia 
my continual burthen; yet 1 do not groan iindor it 
OS I ought, and wish to do. My spirit is dull aod 
heavy in prayer, slow in meditation, and I have 
but little sensible communion with my Almighty 
Redeemer. Yet I am supported secretly, aiuX my 
enemy doth not triumph over me ; a tirni l>eiief 
that none can jwrish that have an all i>owerfuI 
Saviour on their side, though it is not alvrays 
attended with sunsiblo consei^uences, is yet alwava 
a rock, that neither wind nor Hond can ovortura. 
Lord, increase in me this precious faith ! 
Worst of all things that hast breath. 

Bondman born to sin and death, 

Lo ! I come, to glory brought. 

By the mercies I'hou hast wrought. 

Snatch'd from never-ending doom. 
Freed from Death ami Hell I come. 
Ancient of eternal days, 
(lod and Man, be thine the praise. 
Alas 1 my dear Aunt, there is more of the _ 

than heart in all I write, and in all I do toward* 
liod, but I shall be sincere in praising Him, when 
I shall see Him as He is. The Lord bless you con- 
tinually ! etc. etc. 

Pp. 51-53 :— 

Letter 8. 

Dec 10, 1767. 
Dated from Ol— y itllney). 
Deak Apnt,— I should not have sutTored your la«t 
kind letter lo have laid [lir] by me so long un- 
answered, had it not lioen for many hindrances, and 

especially one, which has engaged much of niy 
attention. My dear friend, Alls. U- (Unwin 
whom the Lord pave me to l>o a comfort to me, i 

dear friend, Afis. U- (Unwinf^ 

r;ave me to l>o a comfort to me, ia 
roro which He has just deliversd 

* James Janeway of Christ Church : ' A Token 
for Children ; being an Exact Account of the Con- 
version, Holy aud Kxemplary Lives ami Joyful 
Deaths, of several Young Children.' Loud. lit. L 
1671 : pt. ii. 1(172. ' 

t Hie, for hart. 

io-'S.ii.Jot.v3o,i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


I me, has been, for many vreeks past, in so declining 
kk way, and iiai suSereii no many atlacks uf the niuBl 
'excruciating iiaiii, ihal 1 have hardly been able to 
keep alive tlie toiiiteHl hojies of her recovery. I 
know, that our < Joil hearcth prayer, and 1 know that 
Ho hath ojiened mine, and many hearts amoiiKiit 
this jienple, to pray for her. Uere liea my chief 
au|)port, without wliich I should look upon myself 
as already deprived of her. A^ain, when 1 con- 
sider the great moetness to which the Lord has 
wrought her for the inheritance in light ; her moat 
^exemplary patience under the sharfiest sufferings ; 
llier truly Christian humility and resignation ; I am 
tmoru than ever inclined to believe that her hour has 
Icome. Let me engage vour prayers for her, and for 
|7ne. You know what I have most need of, upon an 
[occasion like this. Pray that I may receive it at 
lis hands, from whom every good and rierfect gift 
Cometh. !Sho is the chief of blessings 1 have met 
with, in my journey, since the I>ord was {iloased to 
call me, and I hope the mtiucncc of her edifying 
and excellent example, will never leave me. Her 
illness has been a sharp trial tome. Oh! thai it 
may have a sanctified enect, that I may rejoice to 
surrender up to the L,ord, my dearest comforts, the 
moment He shall require them. Oh! for no will, 
but the will of my Heavenly Father ! 

I return you thanks for the verses you scut me, 
which sfieaK sweetly the language of a Christian 
soul. I wish I could pay you in kind ; but must be 
contented to jiay you in the best kind I can. 1 
began to compose them yesterday morning before 
daybreak, but fell asleep at the end of the two first 
f lines:* when I awaked again, the third and fourth 
rere whispered to my heart in a way which I have 
fteu ex(>erienced : — 

Oh for a closer walk with I iod, 

A calm and heavenly frame, 

A light to shine u|>on the roatl. 

That leads me to the Lamb. 

Where is the blessedness I knew, 

When first 1 saw the Lord ? 
Where is the soul-refreshing view 

Of Jesus inf His word ? 

What iieaceful hours I then enjoyed. 

How sweet their memory still ! 
But they have left an aching void. 

The world can never fill. 
Return, oh holy Dove, return. 

Sweet messenger of rest : 
I hate the sins that made Thee mourn, 

And drove Thee from my breast- 
The dearest idol I have known, 

Whale'cr that idol be. 
Help me to tear it from Thy throne, 

And worship oidy Thee. 
Then shall my walk be close with (iod, 

Calm and serene my frame ; 
Then purer light shall mark the road, 

That leads me to the Lamb, 
yount, my dear Aunt, in the bands of that 
Iwhich cannot be quenched. etc. etc. 

John E. B. Mayor. 
(7*0 ifie continutd.) 

• Mrs. Cowiier's note : " Stanza*," 

t In the ' Olney Hymns,' No. I, this verse runs : 
'Of Jesus and his wonl," which is a amnifest 

" Peek-do."— In Ben Jonson's ' Every 5Ian 
out of liis Humour,' p. 138 (folio, 1G16), near 
the beginning of Act IV,, the following paa- 
siige itccurs : — 

"Fallcu^r. Hey-da! this is excellent! He lay my 
life this ia my husband's dotage. I thought so ; 
nay, neuer play pecke-boe with me, I know, you 
doc nothing but studie how to anger me. sir." 

Tliis play wa.s produced in 1599 and printed 
in quarto in KJiXi. Gifford, followed by Cun- 
ningham, reads "bo-peep" for " pceke-lx>e," 
altiiough he profcsspdiy follows the folio. 
Mr. Bradley, of tlie ' New English Dictionary,' 
referred me to the parallel " keek-bo," which 
may bo found in .lamieson's ' Scottish Dic- 
tionary.' Since my writing to him (he had 
no cxamj^le), I have come across the following 
passage in 'The School of the Woods,' by 
Charles Copeland (Boston, 190,3), p. 29 : " Fear 
and wonder and questionings dancing ia 
their soft eyes as they turned them back at 
me like a mischievous child playing at peek- 
aboo." So that the term is living in America. 
The same writer uses " peek " .several times, 
of animals, for peer, peep, or pry about ; in 
which sense it ia not uncommon in Eliza- 
bethan— as in the " peaking cornuto, 
her husband," in ' Merrv Wives of Windsor,' 
where it is peculiarly well suited to a " horned 
beast." H. C. Haet, 

[Peeie-bo ia still said by mothers aud nurses to 
children. We have often heard it. J 

"Re^diem," a Shark. — The French word 
for "shark ' is rerjuin, admittedly a jwpular 
corruption of rei/uiem ; Littn.' says, "a cause 
qu'il n'y a plus a dire qu'uii requiem pour 
celui qu'un requin saisit." It seems to have 
hitherto escaped notice that the full form 
requiem is found in this sense in several Eng- 
lish seventeentli-century books. No doubt 
the 'N.E.D.' will presently give us the his- 
tory of this odd application of the terra. 
Meanwhile, the following extract from a rare 
work, "The History of the Caribby Islands,' 
by .lohu Davies, of Kidwelly, KiCB, p. 103, 
may be deemed worth quoting here, because 
it gives rea.sons for the name rather at 
variance with that acceptefl by the great 
French lexicographer : — 

" Some nations call this monster Tihuron and 
'J'uUron ; hut the French and I'ortuguez commonly 
call it I'l'iuiiiii. that ia to say, rest, haply, becauso 
he is wont to api>eiir in fair weather, its the tortoises 
also do, or rather because he suun puts to rest 
whatever be can take." 

Jas. Platt, Jan. 

"WoRPs TUAT uLiux." — A recent corre- 
spondent "f fli<> Standard thus expresses 
himself »' .>)p Gootlrich, of Ely, 
who was It of a time-server a-t,. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no^ s. u. ^rSS 

the latter end of the sixteentli century : 
•' He was, in abort, a veritable tyjjical turn- 
coat, a salamander, re<uly to eat his own 
■words, however scorching." The idea of an 
articulating salamander feeding on its own 
utterances is very striking. Had such a 
■wondrous creature addressed Giovanni Cel- 
lini on a memorable oeoasion, Benvenuto 
would hardly have nee<le<l a Iwx on the ear 
to impress the fact on his memory. 

St. Swithix. 

BoHEUiAN Villages. — De. H. Krebs re- 
cently drew my attention to the exprassion 
' Bohmischen Dorfer" iu Grimm's ' Deutsche* 
Worterbuch,' where Bohemian villages are 
singled out for special notice, along witli 
Bohemian garnets, glass, ic. The latter 
speak for themselves ana enjoy a national 
reputation, but it is not clear why the villages 
are considered distinctive. I anj familiar 
with the bitter Cech-Teuton rivaln' by per- 
sonal witness, and appealed to Dr. V. E. 
Mourek, Professor of Germanic at Prague 
<Cech) University, a goo<i friend to English 
scholars, who writes : — 

" As to Bohemian villai;eB, 1 know what i« meant 
ly them, but am not uuile so sure alioul how thev 
became a byword. If a (ierman wants to say, 


iiave not the leant idea about such and such a 
matter,' be saya, * Tliat is a liohemiau village to 
tne.' I think the origin of the saying wa« the 
miserable slate Bohemia was left in after the Thirty 
Years' War, wlien the village* there were few ami 
far between and laid waste. But it is remarkable 
that we in Uuheinia say in snch a case, 'That is a 
£|>anisb village to mo,' and I have read this also 
in German Itooks. It can only mean that Spanish 
villages are so far away from the si)eakor that he 
cannot know anything about them." 

Count Lutzow tells me that Schiller's 
'Rauber' may afford some explanation. As 
to Spanish villages, there is considerable jwli- 
tical connexion between Spain and Austria, 
but Prof. Mourek's conjecture seems more 
probable. Prof. W. R. Morfill compares the 
■German expression with the English "That 
is all High (or double) Dutch to me " ; and 
Dr. Kreb.s refers to the saying, " Wie die 
Kuhe Spanisch redeu." 

Francis P. Mahchant. 

JOG, Palhlield Road, Streathani Common. 

OwEX Briostocke. (Sees"" S. xi. lfJ8, 257.) 
— I can add that Owen Brigstocke was elected 
F.R.S. on 30 November, 1710, and E.S.A. on 
6 January, 1720, as of Carmartiien. where he 
died apparently in 1746. His will, bearing 
datfl 14 April, 1740, is registered in the I're- 
rogative Court of Canterbury. On 20 Decem- 
ber, 1748, administration with the will annexed 
was granted to William Brigstocke (testator's 
aephew),thefatherof and guardian assigned to 

Owen Brigstocke, an infant, the grtNit-ncphj 
and sole residuary legatee named iu the ■ 
— Richard, Ix)rd Bishop of St. David'ii, 
executor and sole residuary leg-itpo in tra 
first renouncing as ■well the exi 
as the said trust. Most of his , 
to him through his marriage. IIU estate <._ 
Tyrlsha in Llandeveilog, CariuartlienaljinB^j, 
he received from his brother Willimu 
exchange for a property of greater value 

His nephew William Brigstocke, who was 
J. P. for Cardiganshire, died II M:i- 
(Gent. Mag., p. 140). His will (iil 
Prerogative Court) was proved by h, 
ilary 27 .March following. His real o«t 
the several counties of Carmarthen, C-ar 
and Pembroke, and the county 'ooroogl. 
Carmarthen, was bequeathed to his eldest i 
Owen Brigstocke, a minor. Ita Testok^ 

TnK Spaniards ok Asia. — When every 
is admiring the progress and the mar 
courage of the Japanese people, it i8 in 
eating to call to mind a description of thi 
which was given in the seventeenth centu 
On p. 175 of "El CriticiSn, Segunda Parte. 
Dor Lorenzo Gracian (En Huesca : por Iu, 
Nogui-s. Afio 1663)," in the chapter head 
' Armeria del Valor,' one reads :— 

"A loB Africanos los hueaos, que tencan <|tie 
roer como quien son : las espaldos a los Chinaat * 
uoTW'on a, los laponcs, <Hie son loa £spano(ea ' 
Asia ; y el eapinozo a los JJegros." 

This is an item in the 'Testaniento 
Valor,' to quote the marginal description 
the section. In the same distribution of I; 
" lastiiuoso cadauer," Valor is made to say, 
few lines above : — 

"Iten mas dexo el rostro s los lagleiea, 
lindoa, VM08 Angeles, mas temo, que como 
hernioaas aueis de ser faciles rri hazer cara a 
Calbino, a va Lutero, y al mismo diablo : sol 
lodo guardans no os vea la vuljieja, i|ue dir2i I 
oijuello de hermosa fachata, nias siu celebro." 

So the Japanese got the heart of valour 
being the Spaniards of Asia : and the Musi 
vites got the lung. E. S. Doogsok. 

Irresponsible Scribblers. (See 9** S. 
461.)— I think the pernicious custom 
scribbling signatures upon public buildini 
monuments, and other objects of interest I 
British holiday-makers is largely on the it 
crease. Many liistorical memorialH have 
quite 8|3oilt by this practice. Apparently th 
only object some jjeople have in visitiui; 
picturesque or historic spot is to record thei 
signatures or initials u[>on the priucipa 
feature or relic which has rendered the plac 
faraoua. 1 do not know that I have eve 

10* 8. u. JCI.V 30. 1904.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


heard of any one being prosecuted for each 
an act, and yet it would seem a very easy 
matter to run some of the culprits to earth, 
for I have often observed a name and full 
address recorded. Is it because the custo- 
dians of such places usually care so little 
about thcni that they take the least possible 
notice of the desecration accompli sued by 
tlie .scribbling fiend ? The other day I walked 
over from Cromer to the " Garden of Sleep." 
Pausing awhile amid the ruins of Overstrand 
Church, I noticed 'that the flint facing of the 
walls had been covered with signatures and 
initials wherever available. This was par- 
ticularly the case under the east window. 
AVheii I reached >Sidestrand I found the soli- 
tary old church tower desecrated in a similar 
maimer. On an old board had been painted 
many years ago the following : — 

" Xoticc— Ruina of .St. Michael's Church. Visi- 
tors lo this ajjot are reminded that it is con9ecral.«(l 
grosud, and are requested not tu damage either the 
tower or the churchyard. — By Order, the Rector 
am," Churchwardenti." 

Will it l>e believed that this notice was 
rendered nearly illegible by numberless 
rames and initials carve<J, scratched, and 
vritten all over iti Apparently notliing is 
aacred in the eyes of lhe«e irresponirtble 
tcribblers but their own signatures. 

^_^ John T. Page. 

^^m West Uoddon, Northamptonshire. 




We must re<)uest corresjioiidents desirin;; in- 
forniatioii on family matters uf only jirivato interest 
to affix their names and addresses to their (|ueriea, 
■ a order that the answers may be addressed to them 

FiNGAL ANT) DiARMiD.— In the old edition 
of Blacks guide to iScotlaiid I find the follow- 
ing reference to the Spital of Glonshee: 
"Across the glen is the Boar's Loch, into 
which Fingal threw his golden goblet to 
tantalize the dying Diarmid, whose grave is 
near at hand." 

I have beeti anxious to trace the source of 
this, but so far have failed to do so, though 
I have searched Macpherson's 'O.ssian ' with 
care. I shall bo very greatly obliged if any 
of your readers can enlighten me as to its 
origin, and where I may find an account of 
the scene. In Ossian, Diarmid only appears 
on the scene in Ireland. O. E. Mittox. 

" PAULKii KETE."— Can any of your rcaiiers 
tplain theorigin and natureof this standard 
' length ? Dr. Murray has only two in- 

ancea of its use, both belonging to the 

same decade. The first relates to the build- 
ing of a bridge, to replace 
"a Brigge of Tymbro called TumbriBg, in the 
Parisshe of Snayth in tlie sooie Couutie' 
(York.s), by 
"auothir Brigge there, lengere in lengths by tlie 

iiuantitieof v. yerdes called the Kynges standard 

"I'he seide iiewe brigge so to be made with a draeht 
lof contenyng the space of iiii. fete called Pauies 
fete in brede, for the voidyng ihoruph of the mnstes 
of the shippes iMiaainge vneler the seidonew brigg."* 

In 1447 one Shiryngton, in his will (now at 
Somerset House), wrote of some object of the 
" height of two poule^ fete," Dr. Murray 
has no further context, and he would be glad 
to have this, and information as to tlie 
testator's place of residence. Any further 
quotations which would throw light on the 
phrase (addressed "Dr. Murray, Oxford") 
would be welcome. Robt. J. Whitwell. 


I see you have a singing face. 
Fletcher's ' The WiUl (ioose Chase,' XL ii. 

Does not this also occur in ' Bombastes 
Furioso,' or some other familiar eighteenth- 
century play? H. T. 

"An- old shoe."— In 'The Wild Goose 
Chase,' II. i., Belleur says :— 
I am then determined to do wonders. 
Farewell, and lling au old shoe. How my heart 

llirobs ! 

la this an early instance of the practice at 
weddings ? H. T. 

Breeches Bible.— Would sotue one kindly 
inform me whether there was more than one 
edition of the "Breeches" Bible/ If so, at 
what dates were the.v printed ? Is the 
number of copies in existence known ? What 
would be the cost of a copy 1 J. W. 

[The 6rst edition ap)>eare<l at lieneva in l'i60, 
and fifty editions were issued in the course of the 
next thirty years. The first edition fetches, accord- 
ing to condition, from three to twenty ]>ounds. 
Karly editions sometimes fetch four or live pounds, 
and later anytliiiig from ten shillings to three 
pounds. It is imfmssible to say how many copies 
arc in exislcnec. Copies of the first e<lition are 
in the British Museum, the Liiiiibeth Liliriiry, In 
St. .lohn's College and Ualliol College, Oxford, io 
the I'ublic Library, Cambridge, and in some private 

"S.iiNT" AS A Prefix.— The form of Sel- 
linger, for St. Leger (10'" S. i. 428, 401), is 
only one of many cases where the prefix is 
merged in the name in colloquial u.sage. 
Other instances — such as Simmory for St. 

• -Parliament Roll.' 'JO Hen. VI. [1442], ni. 11. 
Printed in ' Itot. Pari.,' v. 44. 1 have verilied the 
last sentence only with the original roll. 



Mary, and Siogin for St. Jolin— are equally 
familiar. 1 have also met with Saiii|jle for 
St, Paul, Stanton for St. Antlioiiy, and Siiit- 
iin for St. Helen. As these contractions 
occur not infrequently in documents where 
their forma obscure the actual names, it 
would be of service to have a collection of 
all known instances. Can .such a, list be 
supplied ? II. OuvEE HiaiiOi-. 


[In llie ' Cleruy Directory ' we find a name which 
the bearer writes .'^t. Clair Bjielt Sinclair. It \a a 
MCond, and not a tinal, name.] 

WoFFiNGTON. — Can any reader who is 
interested in nomenclature oblige with the 
information whether WoUingfon is a root- 
name or a mere variant? Dragged once 
upon a time from obscurity by the genius of 
a great but lowly-bom actress, the name 
has always been rare, and now seems to be 

I extinct. Although possessing an unmis- 
takable English air. it is, I am told, Flemish 
in its origin : a lact— if fact it be — that 
would seemingly account for its infrequency 
in our country. Information on the point 
would also be thankfully received. 

If the current directories of the principal 
cities ill the United Kingdom be any criterion, 
the name Woftington is now no longer 
extant. In thorn one cj»n only trace possilile 
variants in Woffenden, Woffendon, WofKndin, 
Wolfenden, Wolfendin, Wolfington, Woolfen- 
don, Woffendale, and Wolfendale. It is 
noteworthy that in Dublin, the natal city of 
Peg Wortington, records of the Woffendens 
are to be found as far back as the year IGG4. 
Recinald G. Lawrence. 

Lady EnZAnExn Germain.— Is there an 
engraved portrait of tiiis lady 1 or where can 
any other portrait of her be seen ] 


"Iveversion" of Trees.— I shall esteem it 
a favour if any of your correspondents can 
inform me wliothor any, and if so what, 
special name is given to tre&s, such as the 
orange and plum, the seeds of whicii appa- 
rently revert to their original wild type ; also 
whether a list of them is given in any 
standard work. Kerskl. 

Geori.e Steinman Steinman. — This able 
antiquary, the historian of Croydon and 
biographer of Court favourites in the days 
of tiie second Charles, was an occasional con- 
tributor to ' N. i Q.' from 1852 to 18C9. His 
'Notes on Grammont' (l** S. viii. 461) are 
es{>ecially valuable. His sepai-ate publica- 
tions cover the period 1833-8«;>. I do not see 
Mr. Steismas'.s name in the Jubilee lists 

of • N. A- q.,' l80a-l»W. Is he •till lit 
Information much desiderated. 


CoTryxoHAM Will,— AraonL- the * ^1 
proved in Prerogative Court nl 
138.3 -IS.'iH' ( Uecord S 
l.')4G occurs that of " Cottyngiiaiu, W 
St, Marten, Ludgat*, Londnn, 2ft 
Where can I see this will I 1 have 
Somerset House, but the will is not t)i«re. 


'God save the Kino' Parodied.— An > 
man who, if ho were alivo, would b« ti 
than a hundretl years of age, U8e<i to ttDil 
parody on ' God .save the King,' in which • 
following lines occurred ; — 

Brinf; ua good ale in store. 

And wlieu tliat'a don« «(ind lis more 

And the key of the cellar door. 

Has this ditty ever been printwl 1 and If I 
has, where can 1 see it 1 K. P. D. E.* 

Edmund Halley, SinsfiKON IJ.N. — A let 
from the Public Record Office, date<l 17 N« 
18i)8, signet! by the late Mr. J. .1. Cartwrij 
courteously conveys the information foil 
ing, as the result of a search ma<le, unt 
direction of the Deputy - Keeper, in 
Admiralty records, relative to Edmi 
Halley, Surgeon R,N. :— 

Ship, Dursley ; rank, surgeon ; ent«s 
s May, 1732 ; discharged 15 .January, 17j 

Half -pay surgeon ; entered 21 Feb., 175 
di.scharged 13 Sept., 1739, 

Ship, Bristoll ; rank, surgeon ; enter 
14 Sept., 1739 ; discharged 8 Aug., 1740. 
wife l.sabella, E.x, 

Is it known in what parish he resided 
where he was buried I His domicile in n 
appears to have been on properly, presunn 
in or near London, formerly belonging to I 
paternal grandfather (see 9"' S. xi. 4(;4). 
Eugene Fairfield McPxb 

Chicago, U.S. 

Thomas Raynolds, — la his 'Memor 
Ecclesiastical of King Edward VI.,' cli, 
Strype gives at the year 1552 a list of per 
excepted from the general pardon granted 
the king. Nearly at the end of the list 
find "Thomas Raynolds of Whitstable, in^' 
county of Kent, and another Thomas " 
nolds." Who was the second Thoiutis 
nolds ? Was he an ecclesiastic ] And wji 
was his oflience ? H. 

TwERTON Vicars.- InSeptember lastsoa 
queries as to a few former vicars of Twi 
Somerset, were so readily and truly answei 

io">8.n.jci.T30.i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


tliat the replies were of inucii value, and led 
indirectly to still further information. I 
should now be very grateful for any par- 
ticulars with regard to the following, wlio 
were of still earlier date, with any notice of 
their writings or i>ossible likeness: Gilbert 
NeutOD, 1529-60; Henry Adams, 1560-6; 
Jacob Hadlev, 1566-1623; Richard Hadley, 
1623-3H; William Hansom, 1638-68; Anthony 
Barr, 1668-73 ; Thomas Skinner, 1673-90. 
Wm. Stokes Shaw. 
The Vicarage, Twerton-on-Avon, Bath. 


Tios.— Wanted references to any insUuces of 
sport imongst the clergy of pre- Reformation 
days. P. C. D. M. 

"CbME, UVK WITH ME."— May I point out 
wha", I conceive to be a "corrupt" rendering 
in Uarlowe'a well-known pastoral, " Come, 
live with me and be ray love "I I have 
examined several copies of the poem, and 
fine the error has been transmitted quite 
pleasantly enough. I cannot say what copy 
Calverley had before him when he sat down 
totransiato the lines into Latin, for, curiously, 
h« breaks off at the very point where his 
aisistance is most desirable, and leaves one 
in the dark. Perhaps the line 

Fair-lined Blipfiers for the cold 
jave him pause. At any rate, I cannot help 
thinking tliat ilarlowe, who was a slxje- 
inaker'.s son, knew some of the elements of 
his father's trade, and often observed him 
using "fur" for lining tihoes and slippers. 
Jfy suggestion is that the line would road 
better, and be in accordance with sense and 
circumstances, if printed : — 

Fur-lin6d «lip{>ers for the cold. 

M. L. R. Breslar. 
o talk of "error" in such a c«»c is Hurely 
r»v»i{aut. We *ee no rca-son to improve what 
libte : but wo ahould tiiil like to aacertain 
the Ms. authority, or earliest. record of the 
Collection* of thoae t«;f(ire us read "fair- 
both in this way and an two word*. In the 
latt«r ease the senile that the alippurs are both 
■• — lutiful and lined lieems excellent. Izaac Walton, 
sordini: to the facsiniilo edition of the 'Conipleat 
tier.' read, "Slippers lin'd choii-elv for the cold," 
we daresay that he was quutinR from memory. ] 

Hutchins's ' History of Dorset,' but in neither 
work is it stjited to whom £li7a, dauuhtor of 
Sir Richard Strangways, was married. Is 
the ' Golden Grove Book ' correct in stating 
that she married Robert Byrt, of Shrophouso 
(? in Dorset), and was ancestress of the 
Byrt family of Llwyndyris in the pariah of 
Llandygwydd, co. Cardigan ? •*'"^ 

G. R. Briostockk. i-.} 

Closets in Edinburoh Buildings.— In 
the old town of Edinburgh remains still 
exist of the Hats of the sixteenth and seven- 
teenth centuries. The plan of one building 
strongly resembles another ; a distinctivcy 
feature is the small window at each end of 
tlie building, facing the street and on each 
floor. This was the window of a small closet 
opening of}' a large room. What was the use 
or this closet? It has been suggested that; 
it was used aa an oratory; but most of the 
buildings were erected after the Refor- 
mation. It seems more likely to have been 
used for sanitary purposes, for in all the 
buildings examined there is no other place- 
suitable for a 'jardf-rohe,. Is there any refer- 
ence in contemporary writings that might 
settle the question ? Skdney Pekks. 

5, Crown Court, Cheapsido, EC. 


(9'" S. xii. 141, 330 ; 10"' S. i. 52, 135, 433, 405 ; 

^Harwey Castle, co. York.— This was in 
the fifteenth century the residence of a 
branch of the Strangways family. Can any 
one inform ine whether it was situated at 
East Harlsey or at West Harlsey, and 
whether iu site is still distinguishable ! 
There is some information concerning this 
branch of the Strangways family in Blore's 
'History of Rutland.' pp. 8 and o) and also in 

ii. 50.) 
As Dr. G. KRt.iE(JER(10"' S. i. 433) refers to 
the few lines I was able to give to this sub- 
ject in tny 'Samuel Richardson,' 1902, p. 40, 
perhaps 1 may lie allowed to say that roy 
authority for the guarded statement that 
Sidney marie the name Pamt'la is the very 
" Description of Three Beauties " in the 
' Musarum Deliciie' of which Mu. Horton 
Smith quotes the opening couplet. In the 
tenth or 1055 edition of 'The Countess of 
Pembroke's Arcailia,' that poem occupies the 
final pages preceding the ' Alphabetical 
Table.' It begins :— 

Philoclra and Paiiuln sweet 

By chance in one great hous did meet ; 

and it is headed, "A Romedie for Love. 
Written by S' Philip Sidney, Heretofore 
otnittoil in the Printed Arcadia." Dr. A. B. 
Orosart also includes it, with variations, 
in the ".Arcadia pieces" in his 'Complete 
Poems of Sir I'hilip Sidney,' 1877. iii. 59 ; and 
he prints it from ilarleian MS. 6057, p. 10 B. 
where it is sairl to be called " An olii dittie of 
Sir Phillipp Sidneye's, omitted in the printed 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo"- «• "• J"i-'- so. i*w. 

Arcadia." It may, of course, be suggested 
that the piece is not Sidney's — an inquiry 
upon which I cannot enter here. But, in any 
case^ the lines prove that fifty-seven years 
before Pope the pronunciation was PamV-la. 

Dit. Krl'ECEr's first question has been 
answered by Mr. Horton Smith, and it is 
only neces.sary to add that Aaron Hill's letter 
is nut. included in the Richardson Correspond- 
ence at South Kensington. Dii. KRUEfiEU 
may be interested to iiear that my first hint 
of the above-mentioned poem was derived 
from the excellent ' Pamela, ihre Quellon,' 
Ac, of his compatriot, Herr G. M. Gass- 
ineyer (Leipzig-lleudnitz, 1890), who appa- 
rently got it from Grosart. 


At the last reference Ma. Smith seems to 
suggest that the current pronunciation of the 
■woi-d " tea " is the correct one, and tiiat the 
sound <</»/, given to it by eighteenth-century 

rts, is a Gallicism. This is not the case, 
cannot be too often repeate<] that ta;/, 
like the River Tay, is the sound which our 
ancestors learned from the Chinese of the 
port of Amoy, and that the modern English 
pronunciation is corrupt. In Tonkin the 
word for "tea" is che, pronounced cha;/, with 
the same vowel as in the Amoy form. In 
must other Oriented dialects the vowel-sound 
is that of a in the name Charles. In Mandarin 
Chinese the word is c/ni. The same holds 
good for Korean, anti for spoken Japanese, 
but the written form in .Japanese is tii/a 
(monosyllable). In Aniiamite, which has an 
extraordinary predilection for initial fr, the 
term becomes tra. Jjimes Platt, Jun. 

I can recall very many years ago a prim 
old lady, living on the border of Somerset, 
showing me with pride some old Worcester 
and Crouch M// cups. In Devonshire, on the 
borders of Dartmoor, the rustics, in their 
simplicity, invite you occasionally to " have a 
dish or shard of iu>/ " ; f .7., a cottager has 
askecl my wife to " fetch a bit and Ijave a 
shard of tea "= Won't you sit down and take 
a cup of tea? Q. Symss Saukdbhs, U.I). 


Mil. HoRTON SMirn's contribution is very 
interesting. But why should I not ask my 
question about the quality of the second 
vowel of the name under discussion ? Tliere 
is, as far as I can see, no reason to suppose 
that the pronunciation of Ua (which word 
1 had only chosen as an example, as riming 
with airii;/ and o'jei/) was "a piece of the 
foppish Gallicism of the day," but it was in 
fact only a reproduction of "the Chinese, and 
the aouud has then progressed to the modern 

one, just as ifta was formerly pranouooed 
"say '' ; see Prof. .Skeat's ' Etyni. DictiooKqr.' 
The old pi-onunciation has been pr»<servod 10 
Ireland, where they say "mate" i<^r muat, 
"plaise" for f>lfase. What I wi> nd 

still want, to know is this : Was iit 

the beginning of the eighteenth ceniurjr. 
pronounced, by those who utre^scd the second 
syllable, as Italians and Germans wonld do 
in that cose, and a.s the Romans uronouncnd 
caiidela 1 or was it alrea^ly J'anufhi t 

The form J'umMa, with short ac<:ented « 
as in vmhrdla, is easily explivinn''!" ''■■•■•■» r 
(in its Old English value), but hn 11 • 

(in modern sfielling «■ or <(i). Thi- .. ^_- in 
pronunciation from ^ to ea is very regalar; 
compare U.E. Uaj, ME. le.U N.E. leaf : tctaf, 
iJit/, skeaf: tirratn, itrem, ttrtam ; iiujel^nM, 
meal ; eta a, rtm, eat ; cnro, cur, hue ; 'rett, 
trc, tree. It is trying to discuss phoiwiic 
matters on the basis of modern En (dish 
spelling. 0- KKUEiiKU 


Richard Pincerka (lO"* S. i. 469).— Shodd 
not the " manor of Coneatone " reatl t»ft 
manor of Conarton ? And should not " Uol>erV 
.son of Rotert, Earl of Gloucester," re&l 
Robert, son of William, Earl of Gloucestor ? 

The whole history of the I'incerna (aa 
called) family is very obscure, and thougl 
the name appears fairly frequently in old 
Cornish records, it is difficult to idcutify 
many of its bearers. 

There appear to have been at least two 
owners of the name of Richard Pinoemic 
One, a grantee of Robert, son of the Eiirl of 
Gloucester, is said to have lieen the younger 
brother of Roger de Courcel. The other 
Richard Pincerna(c. IICO, + aii^cO Iticharci I.) 
was Lord of Conarton, and probably a 

Richard Pincema, Lord of Conarton. was 
possibly the younger son of William Albioi L, 
Earl of Arundel, Pincerna Regis (of Wy mond- 
ham), and his wife lju'?*'" Adeliza (widow of 
Henry I. of England), but this has not been 
proved beyond all question. 

The grandson of Richanl of Conarton w 
Sir John de la Hurne or de Lanherne, who 
marrying another descendant of Richard ol 
Conarton, had a daughter, Alice de la Hurneh 
This daughter married in her turn another 
cousin, Renfred de Arundel, a j)robabU 
descendant of William Albini II., Earl o| 
Arundel (and I. of Sussex), the elde* 
brother of Richard Pincerna of Conarton. 
From Renfred de Arundel (or othorwiM 
Albini) and his wife Alice <le la Hurnc 
descended the Arundela of Liuihernei 

IO«S. II. July 30. 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


the ancestors of the Lords Arundell of 
Wardour and Arundel of Trerice, The 
present Lord Arundell of Wardour is the 
direct male and senior representative of 
(the " Great Arundels") the family of Albini, 
Earls of Arundel and Sussex, and the great 
St. Sauveur farciily. and of liichard Pincerna 
of Conarton. The Dukes of Norfolk (present 
Earls of Arundel), Rutland, and Somerset, 
Earls of Arundel, Sussex, Northumberland, 
Bridge water, and Hutland, the Lords of 
Dauixini, Belvoir, ilowbray (many of these 
titles now merged in higher ones or extinct), 
descend from the family of Albini, in some 
ca,aes only in the female line from the Earls 
of Arundel, and in others from junior 
branches of the Albini family ; nor do they 
descend from Richard Pincerna of Conarton 
unless they do so by marriage with the 
Arundels of Lanherne and Wardour. 

Sir John de Lanherne, the grandson and 
eventual representative of Richard Pincerna 
of Conarton, has been variously named 
Boteler (a translation of Pincerna), Pincerna, 
Fitz-John, and De la Hume in pedigrees. 

With reference to the early history of the 
Albini family, the hereditary Pincerna of 
the Earls of Mercia temp. E<lward the Con- 
fe.ssor was Osulf fil Frane, Lord of Belvoir, 
whose daughter Adeliza married William 
^■Albini (de Bosco Rohardi), son of Niel of 
^vSt. Sauveur, Viscount of the Cotentin, ic. 
^■This William Albini became the Pincerna 
of William I., and his son, Hugh d'lvri, was 
Pincerna Regis tenip. Domesday. Another 
son was William Albini, jun., Brito (de 
Nemore Rohanli, an ancestor of the Lords 
Arundell of Wardour), and still another son 
was Roger Albini (Calvus) d'lvri, Pincerna 
of William 1. and Castellan of Rouen. One 
of the sons of this Roger Albini, Pincerna, 
was William Albini, of Dol, Lord of Corbu- 
chan, Pincerna Regis Henry L This William 

• founded the Priory of Wymondham, and was 
the father of Albini, first Earl of Arundel 
and Pincerna Regis (of Wymondham), the 
father of Richard Pincerna of Conarton. 
Hugh d'lvri, Pincerna Regis Umn. Domes- 
day (named above), is supposed to have 
been the ancestor of the family of Courcel, 
and may have been the ancestor of Roger 

tde Courcel and his alleged brother the 
Kichard Pincerna first named in this reply, 
a, grantee of Robert, the son of the Earl of 

The Pincernas are constantly mentioned 
in the ' Early Genealogical History of the 
House of Arundel,' by John Pyra Veatraan, 
and these notes are derived from the re- 
searches of Mr. Yoatman. They are founded 

on all the available evidence at Wardour 
Castle and elsewhere, and are acknowledged 
to be subject to revision should other 
evidence appear. Ronald Dison. 

46, Marlborough Avenue, Hull. 

In the 'Register of S. Osmund," ed. 
W. H. R. Jones, vol. ii. p. 357, is a deed by 
which Humphrey de Bohun confirms a gift, 
made by R. "de Cesaris-burgo " {i.e., Balis 
bury), of land at Burton to the church of 
Mere. Among the witnesses to this docu- 
ment is one " llicardus, pincerna." 

This word pincerwi, in all the passages 
where I have found it, is used as a descrip- 
tion rather than a name. It is post-clfUMical 
Latin, and means a " cup-bearer" or" butler." 
It is derived from the Greek 7rty»ttpi'>/s {vide 
Ducange, 'Gloss. Gnec.'), and signifies "one 
who mixes drinks.'' The Latin form is used 
by the historian -Elius I.Arapridius (o6. B.C. 
300) in his life of Alexander Severua (41). In 
the Vulgate (Gen. xl. 1) it is applie<I to 
Pharaoh's chief butler; and Nehemiah (Vulg. 
•2 Esdr. i. 11) describes himself as "pincerna 
regis." In the same passages in the LXX. 
the word is rendered by dp\ioii>ox6oi and 
ou'oxoos. I.e., "pourer-out of wine." The 
second of these is a classical woid used by 
Homer, Euripides, and Plato. To take the 
matter a step further, in the Hebrew version 
of Genesis rlie word there use<i, " niashoi-h," 
which is rendered " the butler," should be 
rather the " cupbearer," and in form is 
related to the "sfiql '' of the Orientals. 

Possibly the Japanese word '"sake," used 
for the wine of the country, may be of the 
samederivationd). Rabshakeh (Isaiah xxxyi. 
2), which is not a name, but a title, means in 
Heljre w " the chief of the cup-bearers," though 
the Jews in transliterating this word from 
the Assyrian lost sight of its meaning in that 
language. The Assyrian " rab-saqii " means 
"chief of the otticers," a miliUiry rank next 
to the "Tartan " (2 Kings xviii. 17), and is a 
hybrid formation, being half Assyrian and 
half Accadian. 

In the ' Register of S. Osmund * " pincerna " 
occurs again twice. A certain Philip is so 
described, and in the case of one Waller the 
expression used is " tunc pincerna ejusdem," 
'■ at that time his [kc. the Bishop of Sarura's] 
butler." In the ' Rotuli de Libertate,' ic, 
ed. T. Duffus Hardy, 1844. an Adam Pincerna 
is mentioned once, and the name of Daniel 
Pincerna is found four times. The latter 
was undoubtedly King John's butler, as is 
clear by the words used in one passage: — 

"Daniel Pinoerne qui custodivit vina 

domini Regis.' The date is 1210. Further 
ejcamples of its use are ia ' Sarum Charters 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no- s. ii. j clx ao. i 


and Documents,' p. lU tin, 'CutaloRae of 
Ancient Deeds,' vol. i., A. 121(J, inua : — 
" William Butler (Pinceina)," B. 1568 ; vol. ii. 
B. 1891, 2587 ; and C. 211)7. 

In the • Cartularium Mouasterii de 
Kameseia,' vol. i. p. 41, there h a list of 
suitors who apf)eared at the Court of 
Broughton, Vork», and one of tbeiu from the 
village of Qilling is thus entererl, "Gillinge, 
Bicardus le Kotiller," showing the derivation 
of the wor-d Butler from liottler. So we (iiid 
"buttery" from "bottlory," the place whore 
bottles were kept. Christopher \Vat.sox. 

2(H, Worple Road, Wimbledou. 

The Pincerna family took their name from 
the hereditary office of butler to the Karls of 
Chester in the eleventh century. Richard 
Pincerna succeefled to the Pincerna estates on 
the death of his brother Robert Pincerna de 
Engelby. He died about 1176, and had issue 
Ricuard and Beatrix. For particulars of this 
family see 'Annals of the Lords of War- 
rington,' vol. Ixxxviii.of the Chetham Society's 
publications. Henry Fishwick. 

" 1 Uen. I. William de Albini, sornamed Pin- 
cenia.being Btyled ' Pincerna Honrii-i Hegia Anglo- 
rum.'" — Nicolas, 'Syno|i8is of the Peerage of 
Kugland,' cd. ISi"), vol i. p. 17. 

" William Albini, who landed with the Con- 
queror, was aunianied Pincerna from being chief 
biUltr to Hen. 1. Hit son became Earl of .\rundel. 
A manor in Kent was held by Tliomos Pincerna 
of the Archbixhou by knight's service. He waa 
prnbably so callea in consequence of his olfiee of 
chief butler : hia successor!) asanmed the name of 
fioteler or Uutler.'' — Ireland's ' History of Kent.' 

R. J. Fynmore. 

Is uot the only alternative name for this 
favoured person Richard the cupbearer? 
In a splendidly illuminated manuscript (of 
tlie early half of the century, the twelfth, 
alluded to by Mr. Ha.muley Rowe) is the 
figure of a Norman cupbearer with jug in 
one hand and drinking-cup in the other (see 
Wright's ' Domestic Manners and Sentiments 
of tlie Middle Agea.^ 18Ci, p. 90). No doubt 
the duties of the Norman cupbearer eorre- 
8ponde<i closely to of the Roman 
pincfnui, whose business it was to mi.\ the 
wine, fill the cups, and hand them round to 
the guests at table. Another illustration— 
of a Roman jiiiwenm—v/iU be found in Rich's 
'Roman and Greek Antiquities.' Elisha 
Coles, in his Latin-English Dictionary, gives 
"/'/fu.rinu = butler, skinker, cupbearer." 

J. HOLDEN M.\oSllcnAEL. 

"Son and Anlhor" Inn (lo"' S. i. 504).— 
Mk. Pkawm'k will pardon ray ignorance, but 
is the river Eau that passes through Scotter 
available for any traffic that would necessi- 

tate occasional anchorage I I aak litis 
because, although he appears to luivti the 
true origin of this sign in the extract from 
Uuillims *I)isplav of Heraldry.' I clioDgbt 
it ju»t possible tnat it originated in aonra 
anchorage in use there, in whicli cas» tbn 
complimentary sign of the "Sun " would, as 
in so many other initances, have been odctbd 
to, perhaps by the common one of tha 
"Anchor," or vice t>er»4. Mu. Pbacoi;ic i« noi 

3uite correct in assuming that it posoibly 
oes not exist elsewhere. It certainly is rar«, 
and does not now exist in Ix>ndon : but the 
combination occurs in the Dnil;/ Aili-ertiscr 
of i5 June, 1742. as the sign of Thouiaa 
Madder, "on St. Dunstaii's Hill, near Tower 
Street," who de-iires information as to who i« 
liarbouring or sheltering the wife of Frederick 
Printzler, of Shoemaker Row, within Ald^ate, 
piecebroker, and where the husband " crifli 
notchell " about any debts his wife mmf 
incur. Printzler's wife was, pcrhapn, noK 
hoard of immediately, as she went nw«v 
with "a bank note for 100/. and sorne cash 
unknown." J. Holden MacMkiiael. 

Gray's 'Elk(;y' in Latin (10'" S. i. 487X 
—In 1"' S. i., where many versions of tho 
'Elegy' are catalogue*!, J. H. Macaulay i» 
named as tho author of that in 'Arundiuea 
Caiui ' (101). Other lists are in S"' S. iii., W. 

I have noted that there are these versions : 

Greek elegiacs, by the Hon. G. Denman, 
12mo, 1871 {s^ Athe^ncmm, 28 October, 1871). 

Latin, 177G, by the Rev. William Hildgard, 
M.A., of Beverley, London, 12mo, p. 29, lR38j 
by J. Pycroft, 8vo, Brighton, 1879; by tho 
Rev. Robert B. Kennard, M.A., St. John's 
Coll., Oxon., rector of MamhuU, Dorset 
sm. 4to, 1891 (Parker). 

Italian, by A. Isola, Svo, Camb.. 1782 ; by 
G. Torelli, 4to, Parma, Bo<loni, 1793 ; Veron^ 
1817 ; and by Martin Sherlock (1779 ?). 

W. C. 

Perhaps it would l)e advisable to not© 
the editions of ' Arundines Cami ' vary moat 
materially. My copy, cditio ijuarla, 1861, 
ascribes the authorship of the translation in 
Latin elegiacs of Gray's ' Elegy ' to "Johannes 
Heyrick Sf acaulay. A.M., Schohe lleptonensia 
Archididasculus, J.H.M." Perhaps " Repan- 
dunensis" might be the better, a-s Repan- 
dunum is the ancient name of Repton. 
Macaulay died very suddenly at Repton ia 
1H4U, and to his memory there is a mural 
monument in the chancel of the church. 

I have a version of the same poem by 
H. S, Dickinson, whom I imagine to have 
been an assistant master at Itepton School 
about that date. It is entitled : " Elegiam m 




Thoiua Grayio in CNi'ineterio Hustico con- 
BCfiptam, Laiini- redilidit H. S. Dickinson, 
A.M. Ipswicli, R. Deck, Printer, mdccc.\ux." 
It is indeed u poera upon which many .scholars 
have tried their iiands, and with varying 
~ IPCCesS. .loHN PlCKFOKD, M.A. 

Xewboume Rectory, Woodbridgo. 

lu the third wlition of tlie * Arundines 
Cami,' 1846, there is only one contributor witli 
the initials J. iJ. M. This is John Heyrick 
Macauluy, and hin initials are at the end 
of the Latin translation of Oray'a ' Elegy.' 
There arc two contributors of the name of 
Merivale in this edition ; but one is Charles, 
and the other is Alexander Frederic. 

E. Yardley. 

There is not the slightest doubt that the 
version in 'Arundines Cami' was bv J. H. 
Macaulay, formerly heatl mo-'^ter of llepton. 
The complete version disappears from the 
fifth edition of the * A. C.,' one stanza only 
being given in two places, pp. 184, 202, and 
three at p. 252. I see no notice at 10'-'' S. i. 59 
of Prof. Munro'a version. Is there in circu- 
lation a version by Prof. Sir U. C. .Jebb 1 
Some of ray brother readers of ' N. i Q.' 
may be able to give information on this 
head. Is there a version in any of the 
recently published collections of Oxford and 
Cambridge compositions ! Would it be too 
much to ask the loan of 'Masa Clauda' from 
any {K>ssess(ir i 

•Some readers nmy l>e glad of a reference to 
Maciuillan'i Hii'iazint, xxxi. 253, 340, 472, 
633, and to 'N.'j: Q.,' 1'' S. i. 101, 138, 160, 
221,389; x. 04. 

With regard to the various Latin versions 
of the 'Elegy,' I venture to reproduce, 
rxice scrijitonini, Chesterfield's remark that 

nothing hut a bishop is improved by 
translation." P. J. F. Gantillon. 


RuNiEBERfi, Finnish Poet (10"' S. ii. 9).— 
Phere is a little book called .lohan Ludvic 
liuneberg'.s 'Lyrical Songs, Idylls, and 
Epigrams,' the translation into English by 
Eirilcr Magnusson and E. H. Palmer, pulj- 
lished in 1878. So far as I know, this is 
Jl of Runeberp wjiich exists in English. 
^Faorik StMs Banner ' has been translated 
pore than once into German ; but 1 have 
[lever heard of an English version. 

Jxi. PlaTT, Jun. 

Stoshino or Foet Moeo (10*'' S. i. 448, 
514).— 1 am extremely obliged for W. S.'a 
reply. Could ho t«ll me any records of the 
1st Hnyals and ItOth Itcgiiuent, and also the 
uames of the first fifty men, led by Lieut. 

Forbes (of the 1st Ptoyals), who assaulted the 
Moro] These fifty men were no doubt the 
forlorn lioije, and I expect to find Wiggins 
or O'Higgins among them. Would the Londwi 
Gazette give the names of any one who 
particularly distinguished himseln 

W. L. He ward. 

Mu. Hewakd cannot do better than con- 
sult Entick's 'General History of the late 
Wars, 1765 to 1762, in Europe, Asia, Africa, 
and America,' 5 vols., and Kortescue's 
' History of the British Army.' This latter 
contains a moat valuable list of authoritie.'^ 
consulted, which should be of the greatest 
assistance to Mu. Hewahd. 

M. J. D. Cockle. 

Solan, Punjab. 

"Talented" (10"- S. ii. 23).— Mk. Curry's 
interesting article neetls one more reference 
to clinch the argument. Need I say that 
this is to the 'N.E.D.') Under -ed, suffix 2, 
the formation of similar adjectives from 
substantives— a peculiaiity of English — is 
discussed, and objections thereto parenthe- 
tically dismissed as groundless. It, in fact, 
one adopts woudtd, ciiltured, lii'joted, and 
the like, talented cannot be logically col<i- 
shouldered. Nor had J^dy Holland adequate 
grounds for condemning inriiu-ntial, an astro- 
logical term dating from 1570; or gentltmauli/, 
which goes back to 1420, and was use<i by 
Steele and Swift. The case for gifted is 
stronger stUl ; for not only is it foriued 
regularly from a verb (hence without original 
sin), but also is used by Milton ('Samson 
Agonistes,' 36). Of the other rival to talented, 
to wit, the youthful and litt)e-known <jeniused, 
it suffices to remark that Coleridge would 
certainly also have " om-ra-mjected " to its 
employment, had it existed in 1832. 


Dr. Johnson, in his life of Gray, has written 
thus : — 

" There has of late arisen a practice of RivinR to 
Hiljectiveo derived from subslanlives the teririiiia. 
tion of iiarticijiliia ; such as the ctdtnrni jiUiii. the 
ilaUitti bank ; but I was sorry to see iii llio lines 
of a scholar liUo Gray the honied spring." 

Johnson's own Dictionary would hav© 
taught him that Shakspeare and Milton both 
have use<l hunted. Gray, after his fashion, 
was borrowing the phraseology of other 
great poets. Johnson was very rash in his 
remark, and I think that eminent critics of 
a later date have been equally rash. Shak- 
speare in ' King John ' has this line : — 

A landless kuight maku thoe a landed sqaire. 
Virgil has alittiif and />ennatut. These seetn 
to be adjectives derived from substantivea 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no- «■ n. j. ..v ».. im. 

with the termination of participles, for there 
are no known verbs from wliich they can 
■coiue. There arc many such words in Lati[i ; 
but it may be said that I am assumioK too 
much in supposing them to have the termi- 
nation of participles. £. Yardlky. 

Without going into tlie question of the 
proper or other use of this word, I may state, 
with reference to Mr. Ci'RRy's quotation from 
the (JornfdU Afuijtizine of the two lines, 

Talk not of i;onius ballled, &u., 
that a very able friend of mine once described 
to me the difTerenoe in meaning between the 
words "genius" and "talent" as follows: 
*' Genius is a mitive (or inborn) faculty j 
talent is an acquired faculty." 

Edward P. Wolfer.stan. 

There seems to me a great deal of feeling 
about the use of particular words. For 
exami^le, I do not object to " talented," but I 
think "vocable" a "vile and barbarous" 
word and un-English. I do not think any- 
thing would ever induce mo to use it. The 
same with " locution." IIalpu Tuo.mas. 

SO, Narbonno Aveaue, 8.\V. 

Rebecca ok ' Ivanhoe ' (10"' S. ii. 28).— 
.JseeT'" S. v. 457 ; vi. Ui. John T. Page. 
West Uitddon, Norlhaiiiiitoashire. 

Mary Sh akespere (10«* S. i. 448).— Whether 
tlie Chattocks can claim any kinship with 
the great dramatist through John (?) Cliat- 
tock, of Cajitle Bromwich, having married 
Anue, daughter of Joseph Prattcnton and 
Mary Shakespere his M-ife, I cannot say. It 
may, however, interest Mr. Oi'imakaexs to 
know, what I have recently proved, that in 
1704 John Chattock, of Castle Bromwich, 
married one of Dr. Johnson's second cousins. 
And had a son Thomas (?) Chattock, who 
married Anne Pratienton. 

I am preparing to print privately a volume 
in which will be given a long and elaborate 
account of Dr. Johnson's maternal ancestry 
and connexions, of which practically nothing 
has been known up to now. The subject 
will be exhaustively treated from a literary 
as well as a genealogical standpoint, and I 
feel convinced is of much constructive as 
well as destructive interest. As proof of the 
necessity of some exact information on the 
subject, I neetl <lo no more than refer to 
Dr. Birkbeck Hill's weak and inaccurate 
foot notes, and to the fact that even such a 
•careful writer as the late Sir Leslie Stephen, 
when writing John.son's life for the ' D.N.B.,' 
Icnew no better than to allude to " Parson 
Ford" as the doctor's uncle. Biographers 
And commentators have been engageu for 

over a century in similarly futubliDg and 
stumbling in tliis small department of 
Jolinsonian history. The references by 
Johnson himself, and by his various bio- 
graphers, to the Ford family are so uaroerOM 
OS to render a critical examination uf them, 
in the light of actual evidences, neceaaarilj 
of interest; even if to some it may not 
ap()ear profitable to pursue the mallBT 
further and to learn more of Johiuaa'i 
kinsfolk, their names, occupatioiiii, and 
circumstances, than he can possibly hftv« 
known himself. Aleyn Lvki.l lij 

Parle Corner, ISluiidollsands, near Liverpool. 


r>ald ]^^H 

Ramie (10"' S. i. 460 : ii. 12).— I shonld 
to correspond with Dit. Forsh aw, M u. W 
KiNusKoRU, and the ItEV. C. Ward nbovt 
ramie. I think it is wrong to call it China 
nettle, as it is very liberally distributed in 
other countries. The wearer will be tbe 
gainer if his tailor gives him that material. 
I doubt very much if ramie would attaiu t^io 
age of a hundred years. It is certaia tiiat 
plantations, if properly handled, will be pro- 
btable for sixteen or eighteen years bciora 
being replanted. As regards the prizn offered 
by the Government, what they required wa« 
an almost impossible machine ; if tliey 
offered a prize to-day they would Gud do 
difficulty in obtaining a process to treai 
ramie, llamie should be filossed- that u, 
degumraed — at the place of production ; ia 
other words, on the plantation. It is quits 
a mistake to dry the gum into the riUbon*, 
and then send them over here for treatiutsnt 
An interesting article on ramie is boiag 
! published in the British Traden Kevieto. 

D. Edwards-Haik'LYKkk. 

Ramie Mills, Hythe Knd, Wraysbury. 

[Mb. EnwARKs-RADCi-yrKK obliges us with a 
■pecimen of ramie.) 

KiNc, OK Sweden on the Balance of 
Power (10"' S. ii. 8). — This tract was written 
in French, and first appeared in I "1^9 under 
the title 'Du pi'ril de la Balance politique de 
I'Europe. ou ex|K)s<? des motifs qui I'oiit 
altvri-e uaus le Nord, depuis I'avt-neruent da 
Catherine II. au tr^me de Kussie,' Ltiridren 

I (Paris). It was published anonymously, and 
is ascribed in the ' Biographie Universelle," 
and also in the ' Xouvelle Biographic Gi'ntj- 
rale,' to M. de Peysonnel ; but Barbier, • Dio- 
tionnaire des Ouvrages .\nonymes,' giv&s it 
a.s the work of Mallet du Pan. In the English 
translation Gusiavus III. is statMi to bo the 
author ; the title of the second e<iition of thin 

I reads thus : " The Danger of the Political 
Balance of Europe. Translated from tiie 

1 French of the King of Sweden. With pre- 

io« 8. IX. jcLv 30. 1901.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


ilimiaary dUcoarse and additional notes 

by Lonl Mountmorros." London, 1791. 

Thin book was also translated into I'ulisli. 
Butli the original and tiic translation may 
be neen at the British Museum. 

S. J. Aldrich. 
New Soutbgate. 

TnK St. Helena Medal (10"' S. ii. 9).— 
This decoration was conferred by Napo- 
leon III. on the surviving members of the 
great Napoleon's army. I have seen one of 
the medals and the document issued with it 
by the ?>ench War OHice in either 1853 or 
1854. If Mr. J. Watson will communicate 
with me, I .iliall be Imppy to give him the 
name and address of a gentleman whoso 
father received one of the medals. 

Alfked Molosy. 

12, Vincent Siiuars Mansions, S. W. 

UlR ThoMjvs Fairbank (9"" S. xii. 469).— 
The nainc) of the various engineers who 
built the oldest Hull docks (1778 to 1829) are 
given in vol. i. of tlio Transact unu of tlie 
Institution of Civil Engineers, but Sir Thomas 
Fairbank's name is not among them. Un- 

I fortunately, the paper does not disclose the 
names of the various contractors. It is pos- 
priblc, however, that your correspondent meant 
llr. Tiiomas Firbank, who was chairman of 
Uie Hull Dock Company. A copy of his 
Iportruit, painted in 1864, is before me, and 
represents him in his eighty-eighth year. 
Tiie original hangs in the boara-room in Hull. 
This clue may enable your correspondent to 
pursue the search and to cleivr up the ques- 
tion whether Sir Thomas Fairbank hod any- 
rhing to do with the Hull Docks. 

L. L. K- 

TlDKSWELL AND TiDESLOW (9"" S. xii. 341, 

1517 ; 10"' S. i. 52, 91, 190, 22H, 278, 292, 31C, 
871, 471 ; ii. 3«. 77).— I will not enter into 
controvoi-ay wibh Mr. Addy ns to whether it 
■hould be read « or », seeing that it is so con- 
stantly used intei-changeably. Take, for in- 
stance, the name de Averaillea in 'Te.sta 
Kevil,' p. 197b, written Avflyllos in Kirbv's 
'Quest.'; Anaiocs in 'Testa,' p. 19Sb; Duaylles 
in ' Hundred Kolls.' p. 80; Davaillos in 'After 
Death Inijuest,' No. 14, p. 240. But I desire 
to point out that the town of Collompton has 
nothing whatever to do with Coluinl>a. It is 
a town on the river Culm, anciently written 
Colun, and takes its name from the river. 
It up[>ears in Domesday as Colitona. Several 
other estates on the Cuira are named in 
Domesday : Colun, now called Hole I'ayne, 

Ijn Hradninch ; Colun, now Culm I'yne, in 
tlayhidon ; ('olum, now Columb .folin, in 
Broadclist; Colun, now Whiteheatli field, 

in Collompton ; Colun lleigny, now Combe 
Satchvil, in Silverton. Collompton was em- 
phatically Culmtown, the town on the Culm. 

Mr. Addy will find that what townsmen 
now call a field countrymen usuail>[ call a 
close, sometimes a meadow, Devonshire men 
often a park ; the term " field " being reserved 
for the open arable lands, lying away from 
the village or town, which have oeeu for the 
most part enclosed in the last two centuries. 
This IS at least the use in Saxon England. 
In Gen. iv. 8 Cain says to Aliel : " [Let us go 
into the field !] And it came to pass, when 
they were in the ,Md, that Cain rose up and 
slew his brother.' The translators eviclently 
so understood it. 

The state of things in the Danish part of 
England was very different from that in 
Saxon England, 'fhe agricultural system of 
Derbyshire ia, therefore, no evidence of the 
system in use in Wessex, Sussex, and Essex, 
and vice versa. Oswald J. Keichel. 

Besides the line quoted from the ' Bridal 
of Triermain,' "Carlisle tower and town," we 
have "Carlisle fair and free" in the same 
poem ; also in the refrain of Albert Gneme's 
song in the ' Lay,' Canto vi., 

The sun shines fair on Crfrliale walL 
I think Scott uniformly thus accents the 
word, except where the rhythm of his verso 
demands the oxytono accent, as in "merry 
Carlisle," coming at the end of the lino. In 
Cumberland you generally hejir "Carlisle^" 
except when Southern influence has l)een at 
work. The tendency of the district is to lay on the first syllable of place-names, 
as " Whitehaven," " Bowness, " Ac, when 
the visitor generally says " Whitehaven," 
"Bowness." C. S. .Ieuram. 

The V.vnnNATiH, oe Tioer-claw Weapon 
(10"' S. i. 408 ; ii. 55).— Wlien Sivaji treacher- 
ously murdered the Mohammedan general 
Afzul Khan at Partabgarli, Satara District, 
Bombay Presidency, in 1C59, ho wore beneath 
his cotton tunic a coat of mail, and beneath 
his turban a cap of mail. He carried a 
crooked liagger, calle<l a scorpion, concealed 
in his sleeve, while within his half-closed 
hand, and attached to his fingers, were sharp 
hooks of steel, known by the name of " tigers 
claws." Afzul was in a moment seized with 
the claws and stabbed to the lieart. The 
iraiinw:k is said to have been invented by 
Sivaji. The weapon is not a dagger, but is 
concealed in the fist, the first and fourth 
fingers lieing passed through the rings at 
the ends. One preserved in the museum of 
the E.I. Company had three claws. Some 
years ago, when in Bombay, I heard tVv«Ji. 



beeo <Nn(U«l vith &boat halt tny MxaiDnU- 
ttom ti> IeiM«n Ibe bulk tA the volarae. A 
eertkia kaiffht, oond«iiiaeil for treuon, waa 
haiiKed *na cnt rJowu •Jive- Ue was th«a 
propped up in a chair beforo a fire to «<« hi* 
e«itr»iU banit. Tbts (tx«9cation«tr ^ • 
offered him Nornctliini; to eat. '* K' 
Haid ; "yuu have takeu away toy ti|>i>>.ii(<i 
with my bowel i<." The real story is inoro 
piquant i'crlmpo a rvadrrr, coming licrcxw 
It, will (apply Iho rcfcrcnc*;. 

H. II. Dkakr. 

I^igh Hnnl in "TlieTown ' give* the folluw- 
iiig k^-cuunt of the execution of Harrison the 

regicide : — 

*' A KhMtJy itory i ' ' ' " 
ho wai cut down -■ 
itml IimI hi* )>n«<li< 

(ace by lh« oiocutiuuw, !>• ruMt u|i kOii k*"" ^-he 
man a dok on the Mr." 


Henwett Familv op Lwcolx (1<J^ S. il fl). 
— Mit. H. U. Lkkiiitox may find some iii- 
forination in tho 'I'odigrco of Uriinptt. ' pul)- 
lidhed in J'rricn /Unfit o/ the Sonwrtt Arrharrt- 
loyical SarUty, vol. xxxvi. (Ihlxj), p. 1(10. 

F. T. Elwokthy. 


A Ntui English I lid ioiiarii on Jliriorieal I'nnripltJi. 
Kl ( ■ ■ ' ^ II. Murmy.-Vol. VIII. 

1 iirrny, 
t\ CralKie, M.A. (^ix■ 

Uy Ml. Craiicin ■ uvw iiiiUiliii"iit of vol. viii. of the 
Srvnt' l*l<"ti'>iiBry • Iftrgo jinii'i'ritflifr of tlir won)* 
arc. i I.'i-wlll V«- , r. . . , . 




hOUi vs.. 


..f . 

illllM'l'al. (Ill 1 

, \k 

loii|;iii>f to t.hi? t. 

• iibI 

•oil". ' ' 

• or 




1 1^ III 

^iUl\t«-l w ' 1*1 ^uU^ 


Mliik< lor liiu Miiiu 

woril ttMilii"! Ill 


reader wo hnvo to 

wiilt mini IS'TI 

■■ '■■ ' • Mlia 

III I'llllllllK. ' ' 


III tin' Ilir.i ..1 ' 


of ,. 

.i|i|.iialu Ui liu ulillKilitlollPll. 


woiilil Imvts from ' ilaiii!ct,' 


'1 ■ ^ i >-\ • ■■■'■■rv»\. 




■ l-M. 


II KiiiT .S. A ot'imii 


1 hi> woril 1 It' a/, ill 

... I'-iii III 1 


nrnUm ottrj.' Is ita vanoof mi ait*, rnxm I 
tobeofotacitreangin. In iM verbal oai^ to i 
rram wgem*. wc {aaio7, to hare «ataB oomiexios^ 

trout" //r/ii. IK r^.l^l ap..| antM*antiTf« 19 

rr»i ■ •■ *{i|itia<l 

lobe tleali. vi u. kt tirat nacd 

-nioiues4»t n m early 

.......1 ..^.e a pccsnaat iiuolatioa 

• i^'«ra(li*e Uwt ' : — 
for who ran yrt Miere, thongii after kit{L 
-<*nt legvima. wboae exit* 

That kll 
H»(li •- 

ven, can fail to re-aaecul. 

'AiV ii'llA ^- 

■ meaniDK' 

;ie woni rt:rauilo. Li 


we \v 
lu a ! 

itiln - »..., .. ., ■ 

l.Wi, ttioiii^li iirhiiuft. UI warm again, 

bo I 


» three cen- 

tiirjitk enrlirr. In th'» 'juotalions for r^i-hnnif/ i|,^ 

' ' ' '' ' - irit'g 

• a 

' ■ , --,.-- - -- --■-ues, 

itiiil Ihe Slory auiiK in Keuitnlivo Muaick. ' Thta 1 
In an early, I-hniiifh not theearlieat, ii«e of nrifatir^ I 
In \V " ' " .1 itti of Sir John M ' : ' iint 

anil ■ . of T'lk. In tl. ih» 

WMuU I i in a litter is coll' ■ hi» 

alliuU Willi iccUiiii/, used in the mtmo beune? iMany 
lines by SliakeH|ieare of rrrkoniiiu are udvancecL 
None in, however, cjuito so good an the (ihost's 
No reokoning made, but sent to my account. 
Of to mrailr, to create anew, Lougfollow sujiplica 
■i line illiistralion : — 

The roit wo cannot re. instate, 

Oumelvea we vannot re-create. 
This may be useful for iciiiilatc. lirrrfniU is no6 
found before the middle of tlie»oveiilc<jiilh century. 
li'KiMinl Iwuixs, OS was to bo evpccted, in the 
middle of the sixteenth century. Aiming many 
insunces of reil ({iven in an admirable article niifiht 
be iiuiltidud 

A smile that gloweil 
Celestial rosy red, love's projier hue. 
There are some ridiculous words with llie prefix 
)■>. These are chielly of modern mBiiufiioture. I6 
seems reurottable, thoDKh it is inevitable, that such 
slioulil obtain the siicoies of saooliotl M-hiub tha 
I Mclioiisry ntfords. 



the • 

^ ,li , 

' 'tiilip Sidney, Knt. 

'■'•■'• ■ " -^nd 


'.. .11} 


10" 8. II. Jm.v 30. 190*.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


i. 318). Even more worthy of the honour* awarded 
it it Sidiioy's masterly tractate, the moat intereatini; 
and viiliinfile of those early critical essays of which 
u ' has recently a|i|>eared from the sister 

|; .rd. The ^)rl:sl.•^t edition is taken from 

u > i .. , -iimcdly uni.juo.^if the edition entered 
in ilie repitersof the Stationers' Comjiany 'J9 Nov., 
liiiH, to William Honsooby. The earliest edition 
recognized in the ' BiblioKratiher's Manual' of 
Lowndes, in Mr. Haxlilt's ' liibliojrraphy of Old 
English Literature,' and in the ' Dictionary of 
National I!iogra]>hy.' is of loOS. It were futile to 
attempt any praise of a work which, if wo make 
allowance for a little i>edantry characteristic of the 
e|>ocli, has stood the test of time, and remains a 
just an<l noble utterance, and, to some extent, a 
counterblast to Roger Ascnam as well as to iStepheu 
(iossou, whom it was desi)n>ed to answer. In our 
own collectinu days, before the times of Arber and 
suchlike benefactors, it was, like the 'Astrophel 
and Stella' (which wo might commend for a com- 
panion volume), only obtainable in folio at the close 
of later editions of the ' Arcadia,' and to see it set 
before the modern bookbuycr in so exquisite a 
shape awakens a kind of reactionary jealousy. Aa 
in tne case of the ' Microcnsniocraphie,' '2l!.'> copies 
only have been |>rinted for Ku^land and America, 
and the ly)>e ha.<i been di.ttributeil. It is a pleasure 
to the bibliophile to welcome this new and honour- 
able step n|ion the part of the CainbridKu Press, 
and those who possess a collection of early master- 
liieces such as this scries is likely to form will be 
able, after rejoicing in a text which it is a dcliRlil 
to contemplate and a luxury to read, to have the 
further gratification of watching the successive 
volumes advance in value and figure in lists of 

The Ifiitoi-v of Quein Elizabtth, Amv /lohmii, aiitl 
the Earl of lyf.tceMtr. Beinir a Reprint of ' Ley- 
oeeter's Commonwealth,' Kill. Edited by Frank 
T. Burgoyne. (Longmans 4 Co.) 
A RKPKINT of ' Lcycester's Commonwealth ' is a 
welcome lulditioD to our historical stores. Its 
value aa evidence is nil, and its reputed authorship 
inaccurate. The alleKStions it contained have, in 
■pite of the contradiotioiiR of Ijueen Klizabeth, 
coloured most contemiiorary and Bulx«ciiueiit record, 
and the chief claim to consideration ni the volume 
is that it represents faithfully the sentiment gener- 
ally entertained against this presunipluous, arro- 
Kant, falsehearte<l, and craven noble. First iirinted, 
8up)KiBKdly at Antwerp, in \5Si, with an elalMirate 
title beginning 'The Cojiie of a Letter written liy 
a Master of Arte in Cainbrige to his Friend in 
London,' the work was attributed to Robert Par- 
sons, the well-known .Jesuit. In his ' Roynl and 
Noble Authors' Horace WaljKde says that " it was 
pretended" that Lord Burleigh— who was, indeed, 
one of Leicester's numerous and iiowerful enemies 
— su|>plicd the infurnmlion on wiiich it it )m»ed. 
These things are more than doubtful. .More than 
anything else it contributed to fasten ujion I^eicester 
the repionoh of the murder of Amy Robwirl niid 

^imn, issued tiie iuilowiug year, hiw the title, 
urs de la vin nhominuble, rnses, trnhifiona .... 

being in the La Valliere and .MacCarthy collections ; 
and a later version, 'Flores Calvinistiei decerpti 
ex vit.a Roborti Dudlei, comitis I^eicestrin-.' was 
jiubliiihed at Naples the same year. Klizabettt 
issued nil Order in Council forbidding the sale of 
the Knglish work. Mr. Burgoyne, the editor of th© 
reiirint, who is also librarian of the Lambeth Public 
Libraries, says that careful watch was kei>t at the 
ports, and many cojiies were destroyed. As a uon- 
se<|Uence of this, it was much cojiicd, and MS.S. are 
more common than the printed book. In 1611 it 
was rejirinied in 4to and 8vo, after which time it 
seems to be a very uncommon book. It then bore 
the title of ' Leycester's Commonwealth, whereunto 
is added Leicester's (ihost,' the latter a poem with 
»ci>arate jiagination. It is from the 4lo edition of 
Kill that the present reprint is taken. The |>oem, 
not formiugan integral r>ortion of that edition, is not 
now given. No student of Tudor times can adord 
to neglect this curious and, in a sense, edifying 
work. A reprint of it in a handsome library forn> 
is a boon to the public, the original edition being 
still dilhcult of access, and one or two early eigh- 
teenth-century reprints being, as is ordinarily the 
cose with such, of jsniall value. 

The Srollifh Ili'torieal Rtrii.ii: July. (Glasgow 
MacI.«hosc & Sons.) ' 

Thi: present issue ojiens with an excellent iiaperoa 
"The Danish Ballads,' by Prof. VV. P. Ker, in which 
he endeavours fi show tliat the ballad literature of 
Denmiirk is far nmre indebted to France, or perhaps 
It would Im? s.ifer to say to the Latin races, than to 
Scotland or Kngland. That this is so we see no 
reason to question ; in fact, it would seem that the 
writer has well-nigh demonstrated the truth of his 
belief; but how this has come to pass remains a 
mysterj-lhat he has left unsolved. "The relations 
of Scandinavia with Scotland must have been far 
more intimate in the times when the ballads were 
being formed than they were with France. 

'The Lady Anne Bothwell ' is an account of th» 
first wife of the notorious Karl of Bothwell, contri- 
buted by the Rev. J. Bcveridge. Bothwell, when 
in Denmark, on his way to France on a {nlitical 
mission, encountered the celebrated Admiral Chris- 
topher Throndssou. He for some reason or other 
—we cannot supjK)»e love had iiiuch to do with it 
so far a.s ho wo-s coni;erne<l— married the admiral's 
fifth liaugliler, the Lady Anne. We need not say 
that he deserted her. The marriage was umiues- 
tiouably gooil in law, but that did not hinder him 
from contracting two other unions. Prof. Daae 
has, sd Mr. Bcveridge informs us, suggested that, 
the beautiful Iwliad known as 'Lady Anne Both- 
well's Lament' relates to the heartless desertion of 
this lady. This does not ap|iear to be at all 
improlMkble. The late Prof. Avtouu, in his ' BnIla<U 
of Scotland,' said that it referred to an intrigue 
l>etweeii .Anne, a daughter of Adam Bothwell, 
Bishoji of Orkney, who (lerformed the marriage 
ceremony between (^ueen Mary and the Eorl of 
Bothwell, and one of the Krskines, a son of the 
Earl of Mar. The matter requires further sifting ; 
that the ballad is genuine does not admit of 
doobt. When ilid it make its first appearance ia 
niaiiuKcript or print? 

Miss .Mury Batexnu contributesa jiaiier, niaiiif<wt> 
ing great renearch, on the me<li.s.'val stage, Mr. A. H. 
-Millar one on the .Sn.ttisli forefathers of President 
Konsevelt, and Mr. David AlacHitchic ou the Celtic 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- s. ir. Jtrt.T 30. iw. 

Yoi kJihirr Xolri and Qiterirji. July. (Stock.) 
Mr. Joskph Kkswortuy contributes an intereat- 
ini &nd well-illiietrated article on the aiiticjuities of 
iolBteratono and its iieiylibourliood. He takes the 
liberal and correct view of anlii)uily. \Vc have not 
only an account of the discovery of urns of what is 
usually considered tho Celtic type, and of a stone 
which the writer thinks to have formed one member 
of a trilithon, but alflo of old barns of sixteenth or 
soventeenth century date, and even of the |>arish 
stocks and whipi>ing-posi. This is as it should be. 
Interesting objects do not interest merely on ac- 
count of their age ; we are, tlierofore, always gl&d 
tetind a record of thiuus uliose uses have passed 
away, and have thus become in tho minds of 
thoughtful people memorials of a state of civiliza- 
tion no longer ours. There are, we believe, old 
people yet among us who can remember when the 
whippingpost and the stocks were deemed very 
serviceable instruments for the reformation of 

An engraving of the Bradford Horn is given. It, 
we neefi not say, cannot be compared with the 
tiorn which is the chief treasure of the Corporation 
of Kiix>n, but it is an interesting relic of consider- 
able antiquity, though its age is very uncertain. It 
y>robably at one time belonged to the Corporation, 
but is now the property of the Bradford I'hilo- 
sophical Society. 

A sketch of the life of Mr. Samuel Waddington, 
the poet, is given, He was born at Bost<jii Spa 
on the Wharfi) in 1844. His ancestors livetl near 
the neigbbouriug village of Baidse)- during the 
Comroonwealth, the place where William tJongreve, 
the dramatist, was born. Some of Mr. Wandiog- 
ton's shorter poems are quoted. They are of oou- 
siderable merit. 

7'A(: RtUmtary anil Hhtnlrated A rchwoloffinl. Edited 

by J. Romilly Allen. July. (]$emrose Jt Sons.) 
The contents arc of the usually interesting 
character. The first article, on MJssuarieN,' iii by 
<iladys Dickson. The ancient tombs found in 
i'alcstine are mostly artificial caves cut out of the 
rocks; these tonibi) were adapted for a limited 
numljer. Therefore, when these graves became 
tilled up they had to be either permanently closed, 
or cleared for later interments. As the bones 
were cleared from the graves they were thrown 
into iiuall chambers or pits that were specially 
prepared for them. " But in the later tombs, 
about 2110 ii.i'. and onwards, the bones of each indi- 
vidual were collected into ossuaries. These were 
small rectangularcoaes, cut from soft limestone, and 
deposited in the chambers.'' The average length of 
an ossnarv is from two and a half to three feet. 
The article is well illustrated. Mr. K. W. tialpin 
gives some 'Notes on a lioman Hydraulus,' or 
water organ of the ancients. Owing to its associa- 
tion with the gladiatorial shows and pagan orgies, 
tho instrument was proscribed as an element in 
Christian worship. Dr. ('ox writes on ' Pewter 
Plate,' and refers to tho remarkable revival of 
interest in old pewter. " A fashionable craze for its 
collection has set in, so that its value has more than 
doubled, and is still rising." The article speaks 
highly of two recent works on ))cwtcr plate : Mr. 
Massii'a 'Historical and Descriptive Handl)ook,' 
*' brought out in the handsome fashion chiiract«riHtic 
of Messrs. George Belli Sons' pulilieations," and 
Mr. Redman's " wcll-illn«tratc(l handbook, with 
various pistes of pewter marks." Among illuitra- 

tions in the latter is a photograph of l\ 

flagons, in good condition, nt flHWurSi 

■• These were n»e<l for sa - 

days of John Wesley I 

and iin each a stanza has b...;,, ,.i-.t< i./vu. 

this inscription:— 

Blest Jesus, what delicious fare I 
How sweet thine entertainments ar«! 
Never did angels taste above, 
Kedeeming grace or dying love. 

Mr. G. F. Hill wiitcs on 'Medallic I\>rt(«iu «{ 

Christ in the Kifu«enth Centurv.' and Mr. «. Lt 

Blanc Smith on 'Three PreNoriuau Crosaei in 


JoH.v LoiiAixE, who died st I>en7.&ao«ao 
Monday, 18 July, was a frequent coiiiriliutor to 
columns, his last two notes aj i 
as 4 .lune; he was a moat chu; 
and ill all hi» letters to us he ii 
ence tosubjectsXreated in 'N. .v ■ 
years a contributor to the J'uh 
had a considerable knowledge oi lr.-ii. li andUeg 
literature. He received his education at tb« 
of Ivoiidon School. On leaving he was urticti 
Mr. Wheeler, of Cambridge, was for many yvan 
in the service of the Longmans, and afterwaria la 
the tirm of Sampson Low, Marston k Co. On r 
tiring to PenznucH he devoted hinisolf to literatD' 
and to good work in connexion with tho 
library there. His well-stored memory made 
delightful compouion, and his uireclionat« di 
tiou endeared him to every one. 

^oticts ia €omsfaviitatt. 

We mtist call tptciai allaUion lo (he /< 

notietii :— 

On all communications must be written th« naais 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for pub- 
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

W K cannot undertake to ana wer queries pri vataiy. 

To secure insertion of communications cor(«> 
apondents must observe the following rules, Lat 
each note, query, or reply be written on a separata 
•Up of iia|ier, with the signature of the writer aad 
such address as he wishes to appear. W hen answer- 
ing queries, or making notes with regard to previotia 
entries in the paper, contributors are requested to 
put ill parentheses, immediately after the exact 
heading, the aeries, volume, and page or pairea to 
which they refer. CorreapondenU who repeat 
queries are requested to head the second oom- 
niunication " Duplicate." 

EvLosKu— The reference on p. 80 should ha\-e 
been * Hamlet,' Act L sc. ii. 

EvKRARD HuiiE Coi.KMAN ("Scriptures out of 
chnreh'').— The lino iu 'Don Juan' was (luoted at. 

9^ S. xii. 490. 

Krkatum. — P. 78, col. I, 1. 29 from foot, for 
Parisian Letters' read Prr-iiait Ltlltrt. 




Editorial communications ahould be addressed 
"The Editor of 'Notes and Queries'"— Adver- 
tisements and Business Letters to "The Pub- 
lisher"— at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancer* 
Lane, E.G. ' 

We beg leave to atate that we decline to retnm 
communications which, for any reason, we do not 
print ; and to this rule we can make no exception. 

10-' 8. u. Jui-Y 30, 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



L K 

B Last Week's ATHEN^S^UM contains Articles on 




NEW NOVELS :— The Challoners ; Motherhood ; The Master Hope ; The Little Vanities of Mrs. 
Whittaker ; The ^larvcUoas Experience of John Rydal ; Tbe HAod of L^onore. 


OUR LI BRAKY TABLE ;— The Herbs of Medea ; The Folic and their Word-lore ; Sir Thomaa Browne's 
Works ; Old Humphrey. 




Also — 
SCIENCE .'—Cox OQ MechaDics ; Biography ; Research Notes ; ' Northern Tribes of Central Australia ' ; 

Societies ; Gossip. 
FINE ARTS :— Additions to the National Collections ; Tbe Early Christian Art of Nova Isaura ; Tbe 

Royal Archicological lD8titat« ; Tbe Roman Vessels of Lake Nemi ; Sales ; Gossip. 
MUSIC : — Handel's ' Nisi Dominua ' ; The Music Loan Exhibition ; Gossip ; Performances Next Week. 
DRAMA :— Canker Blooms and Canker ; Gossip. 

The ATHEN.a:UM for July 16 contains Ai-ticles on 




NEW NOVELS:— The Sovereign Power; The Magriucradors ; The Making of a Man : The Kingdom of 
Twilight; How Tjson came Home ; Naml-ko ; Paulctte d'Bsterre ; Piide of Clar ; Amc d'Argile. 


OUR LIBRARY TABLE :— War and Neutrality in the Far East; Avril ; Ipswich Marriage Licenses; 
I Fragments Genealogioa ; Tbe Story of tbe Britannia; Short Studies in Education in Scotland; 

■ City Temple S<ermoos : The Passing of Arthur ; The First Edition of Pickwick ; Tbe Blue Fox ; 

~ The Jungle Books in Spanish ; Reprints. 




of WEBS ' ; SALES. 

A L.SO— 
UCIBNCB:— The Northern Tribes of Central Australia; Anthropological Notes; Societies; Meetings 

Next. Week ; Gossip. 
FINE ARTS:— Art in Southern Italy; The Old Water-Colour Society ; The Society for the Promotion 
L of Hellenic Studies. 1879-1904 ; The Churches of South Nottinghamshire ; Injurious Ivy ; The 

W Common Gull in Ireland ; Sales ; Gossip. 

MUSIC:— Our Library Table (The Story of Chamber Music; A Book of British Soog ; A Method of 
leaching Harmony) ; Gossip ; Performances Next Week. 
iJ)BAMA : — Sbakspeare in Russian ; Gossip. 

JOHN C. FRANCIS, At>irntvim Offloe, Bream's Baildinga, Chancery Lane, X.O. 

And of all Nawsagentt. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [xo» s. n. jtotmi im. 



186, STRAND, W.C, 


Principal Bailway Bookstalls. 






,WS, &c. 

Works in all Classes of Literature. 

Newest and Best Books of General Interest 
added as published. 

Subscriptions commence at any date, and 
are transferable to any of the 800 Bookstall 
and Town Depots FREE OF CHARGE. 

Books delivered at all Depots Can-iage PaidL 
Terms on application. 

Thousands of Surplus Library Books and New Remainders, 
table for Libraries (Public and Private), Book Clubs, School 
[zes, and Presents, ofEered at Greatly Reduced Prices. 



h4 WMkIr kr JOHH C. rK4NCI8, Bnui'i IWMIan. Cbunrr iMBt, KO. I tmt Priawd Vf lOHN MVmjLBiD nuMtoi, 
AlknnB mm, BcWB'i BalldlBi*. CkuMrj laaa, U.O.-atmnlmt, Jult K), IWl. 


% IJlcbittm o( ^nttrcommnnuaUon 



•• Whan found, mtkt ft seta of." — Gaptaih Cuttlx. 




Saturday, August 6, 1904. i'^tttfj: ': 


/t^mtpmiift. Mi»UrM «ff 




supplied promptly on discoant terms. 
BOUND BOOKS.— Tbeir STOCK includes a very full selection of Classical Knglith Anthom and 
Writers of the Day in choice Bindings ; while customers can rely on the BINDING OF THEIR 

► OWN BOOKS being done with every care for their instractions. STRONG CHEAP 

BINDING for Public Libraries and Book Societies. 

» CURRENT of LITERATURE), pabliahed in the middle of each month for over fifty years, 

will be sent on application. They guarantee all diligence in FINDING BOOKS, however 
unimporUint or obscure, and execute with discretion COMMISSIONS AT AUCTION. 
EXPORT DEPARTMENT.— To this aU the above poinu apply ; but ihey will be glad to give any 

• information as to terms and details, or references to a olitntile aousaslly representative throughout 

the world. 
ENGRAVINGS and AUTOGRAPHS.— Collections of these will be found at their West-Knd Hoase, 

37, PICCADILLY, where special Catalogues are issued from time to time. 
LIBRARY ARRANGEMENT.— They can give export attention to the complete FITTING-DP of 

MENT of those existing, and the execution of a LIBRARY CATALOGUE. 


They can always, at short notice, inspect and value Libraries or smaller Collections 
of Books, Prints, tc, in Town or Country, and remove them on pnrchase for cash, 
without expense or trouble to the Seller. THEY ALSO VALUE FOR INSURANCE 

CENTRAL HOUSE: UO, STRAND, W.C, near Waterloo Bridge. 

WE8T-END HOUSE: 37, PICCADILLY, W., opposite St James's Churoh. 

Booksellers to his Majesty the King. 

Telegraphic Address: BooKMSir, London. Codes: Dxicodk & A B 0. Telephone: Cektbal 1515 

Founded lo Tower Street, City. 1810. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. apc a. i9N. 

HAKLUYT SOCIBTY (Fonnded 1846). Pab- 
lleUlOM llrOI. fXriM II.. Voli. XIV U4 XV Tko VOTAGBS 
at PBUHO FBRMANIlBZ it UUIBIM. UH-UOa. Traiiiluwl U4 
■11U4 br 8lr CLBMBNI-o MAHKHAU, K.a.B. With HlMlc<rmrli7 
u< IfkiM t Till. Vol XI. Cor laa in U< intti. BAKLY DLlV H 
CUNWAY. Vol XII lor IW] i>h lk< f>"iii The UOUNTBIBD 
UOL'Ml>U» R\V ol HKNOAL. B<Ule<l from in <ii>|>iikU>be4 M it . 
loaV-ra, bTTHIlHAtmOWIlV. B7O0I Ulr uicuauu tbuplb. iuk 
AbboaI livtMcrlpUon, On* OdIoaa. lou volBmci publlibe^ In Ui« rir«c 
AoriM. 10 lolonM In Uia Hcoaad «•»«. Hob BoentArr *a4 
Tmiinr, BASIL H. SUl'UHT, r a.A., :t, VlctorU Blraet. B.W. 

MUW UBADT, prlM IU>. M Bat. 



K N S 

R A L 




Wllb iBtroODclloa b; JOMBPH KHIOHT, F.B.A. 

Thll iBdos U dnobl» th« •!«« of pr«vlAtt« odm. ai ir conlAlB*. U 
Addition to th« utuftl lodes of Mibjoeta, tbe NAmet ood l*teadoiirmi 
ot Wrllan, with • I.iat iif tbolr COBtrltiutlona. Tlir number of 
eoBitABt CoDlrltiutnr* ciceede eleven hBDdri-d rbe ruMieber roeorvM 
the right nl IBereAelog the price ot the Vtdume At AOJ uitie- llM 
ttombor prlated le limited, ABd th« tjp« boo beoB dlACrtbBt«d. 

Free bj poet, lo». lid 

JOKM C. rBAMCIS, Vo«i and Itmnf Umra, BreAln'i BolldlBte. B.C. 

THlttU KDlllUM, lUnwd to IIM, loep. iTU, elocfe, prlc* MipoBee. 

ASTRONOMY for the Y O U N Q. 

At DaBelAB^HoaM, FBtlAr lAoe. Be. 


1'HE PENNY CHKONOI.OGY: a Series of 
Imporuint ItBtea to the HIator; of the World from the UelffBBl 
llerld to the Pr*eeBl Time. Third UdltloB. hj W. T. LYMM, ».A. 
V U.A.* 

BAMPKON UIW * OU. Bt, l>BBitAB'e Hobm, Fdtur Lbbc, &C. 

TBNTK BIIITION, prtoe fwo KbllllBO. 


V.^ AetroBOmr. 
DA. r.K A h 

Book of 

Teath BdltloB. With I FUui Br W. T. LYIHI. 

" Well kBOwD Be one ot oar beu iBtrodaeuooe to BitroBomf." 

BAMPBUN LOW * 00. St UBBUAB'e HoaM, Fetur Laae, B.O. 

TBMTH BUITION, price »l>peBC«, clotb. 

REMARKABLE COMETH : a Brief Survey of the 
ro<Mt tnwrMUBc Pmu In tha HlKlorr of Oowatarr Atuunoinr. 

fir w. r LTMN, h A. r K a.8. 

IIAIir«OK liUWr * CO. ». Dancuui'tHoaM. PtttorLucBC. 

STICKPHA8T PASTR in miles bett«r than Gam 
fnr •ucklBC in Mermpi, Joint nf l*kp«r«, Ac. M .M , And 1«. wiU 
■troaic, BMiral lirotbinoi* I'ori- )S»nd lwo lumpi lo «uTvr pftiiB(a 
(or *. Minpla figtUr. loelndlDC Kmth. fkcutrr. 4uf«r Lo«f Oowt 
LMdaahAllliirMt. H-C. Of iJl ftiaUOB«ra. AUokphaat fBtMiUofct, 

PKANflK tTlBUr at the Alhtn^um,, .V*ua onJ U«mvmi *e . tt 
9Mpmn« to At'HMIT IUTlMATH.-« fnr All ktadi nf HlHlK, NKWB 
U« fHKlUUlCAl, fKlNriMO.-ia. MrmM I MWUlBffi. OkAMvn 

QU«C. ylBBMBt, BBd rvRirki thrtm mtouut' wBlk fron a.K K ft C 
»«a<Mi. Ma «tfa«n UAfo.-B.. u., «e, orovt UiU Hokd. TuMldgt 


M NOTBS AiinQt'EKIKMrrMi hf poit !• 10a. M lor »(S I 

»r WO*. Sd. tot TmHw0 MoBlkk, tnelBdmc Ui« f BlBma 1»4*«.— JUMA C i 

riLAJfUIt.;ir«CwM4 (tMTWfUtlM. BrvAn t BmUdlajB . Ct mmm mmr% UMkl 


ich, Iriidi, Hnd ArserieBO«| 

THAORhfroru M .\ 1 K ur/ultlW. VpcclAJlt^ 
Wid Bmlcrant rBmlllM-Mr. HnVNULI^t t*HK V, If. 
KKttBT, «nd 1, I pbkCB Pu-k. Itoftd, CtiUwlck. boBdoB. W 

MR. L. GULLRTOaN. 92. Pioojulilly. Vo^dm 
'Manbtr nf RitRtUh Knd Kf>rrirn .^nttqvarlBB K>9l*«to» >. iBi^t- 
iftk«« UiB tamiAtiir ' "-•—•- .-.-..a. M-ri«i«rBs, K^faam •» 

AbBtfmeurr««n Will* " r ' r -| ii trf 

fnr flBB—lnglrBl rn' i Ir«l»«i4 

AkbrVVlBlAd tAUD I' ind 1 rm»»lato« 

POMlgS K— BBFeft«i •■ftrricil >>iil Kn-juitLr* inviied. Mr. UVMftMt 

PrlfBla Ooll««U<n« Arc «nnn ronauitinc for rtUM. 
ABUqBAflAA Bad KclrQitfle MKt«rl«l tfBK-b^d for and 0*ptMM(it 

UrlUah MuMBin BadoLber Arrhitfr» 



^l«d. BB VBiMr OB whAl.8a(>l*et A«Aaa«lMi»d th« 

Bttfef BIQtt«B»«rt HrtotflBdervritBBt. Hlcu* VlBl* V»B»« HA 

Oraat Hookcliop, 14-16. Johs Hrtckt Btr««t. BlrmlBiUm. 



«t ST&Bd S. Waainrd SirMl. New Vurk. BOB M. HBltrOKIl ITTMBn'. 
LONUUN, W.C.. iiMira to call Ui* Btitatlon of Ut« MRAltOHl 
PUBLIC lo tb* ■seviivBt laeiluiM pr*Maud hj thttr Bi«.ach H* 
LoBdoB for fllliaff, ob th* mott fAfObrmhU itttuM. ard#rB tar tA»lf' 

OAUtoffBM *dAt oa appltSBUoa 

FoBBdBd IkM. 

Vindd •iee#d ri ocui. 
omoBi MBmorUl Hatl KuUdiBitt. la, VmrriBKdM fltrwt, I 
I'Buoa - 
Til* Klcht Hob Uie KAKL of KfmBUKRY, K.Q. 
I'retidBDt • 
The Ul|bt UoD. Ue LOKt> OLBNBSK. 
TrcBsarvr : 
SIT. Btrmnd, W C. 
Tra«t»«i (Ki MomMnof 0««ailtaat>3 
CHAKI.KA AWliUY. lU').. MA. 
OBiMCTfl — Thi* lavUititlOB WB« e*tAi>tiih«d la IBM la tb* C|» | 
Loadoa. under Ui« VrvHatner of ihv Ibl* AldamiBa Haritter U 
grmnUnc l*«BBlona uid Tdmpnrarr A»i*tAac« u pnii«tp*Jt* ft^ 
MilktABU «BrBK«d Bt Tpndora of ne«r<[AapQn 

A IloBBtlon of Tea Ubidcab rooauiaU't b Tio*-Prt*14«t«t Bad cu«a 
ibrBB •watMMlor llle at all eleetloni Baeb dneaaoa of T1ir*« Gniaa** 
clre* A «OM at all eleccioni for lir« Rvtrr AbbubJ KurM^rttovr la 
•BtlUed to oae vom at b1) electlona Ib reaprct of aaeb JItb Skiluatst a* 

UKMHRlUtHIH -Vrvrr mao and woman throaghrt«t Ute V^ 
Klacdom. whetbsr puMiahrr. wholeaaler, r«tail«r. employer or ' 

filvTBd. la anUlJed lo lircoma a m<>mtirr ot thta Inatitutloa. ««d aKiay 
IB beaeHtaBpoB pB^tneni ot Plf» Mhililnft annuallr or l^r«« 0«nUiM 
ler Lite, provided that he or abe la «n|[a<fil in thr aale of B*«r«Mpcn^ 

Tbe pnaelpAl teatarva nl the Xolea KOtemini: oltcuoa to kii rr BtftM 
are, tKat bbcb eaadldata ahail hatr Immto ilia mrmber ot Um IsBCtUiKkaa 
tor Bet leaf ihaa t«a yoar* prrceUmc applloatloa ; ''.'i bac i«m i 
eKy-Bve Tears of bc« ^ ili cBifafed ib tbe aale ot adwtpapera for At I 
ten Teen 

KRLIRP — Temporwr relief la RlTea la oaaaB nt (li<irt«« nr*-. <>>.< 
to Membrra of the Inatltatiofi, but lo Bow«Tendnr* 
who maf t>e rrcommeodvd tor aaalat&nce bj Hentier* 
laquirj la mad« in auch rmaea by VlaltlBir Oommi^ 
awarded ta aoeordaaec wttb the merlta and reqalrcntn... ■■: . 



The LBAURNHALL PUB8A. LU . PBhliaberaaad Prialarm, 
W. LeadeBhall Mrert. Londno. B C ) 
Oontalna hAlrlew paper, over «ht«b tbe pro tMpt •Ith fcarHeat . 
treedom. fllxpenre earn, ft* per doieo. mied er plAta. Mew VMB«< j 
lllae. S«. per dort^, mlad or plain 

Aflthora ahoald note that The Leadenball I'reee, t.M 

reeiHiBalble far the lea* ol MM. bj flra or otbirwiH. DapUflMt* 
tbeald beret4lae4 

io^8.iLATJu.6.i9ot.j NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CON TENTS. -No. 9i. 

{rOTBS :— De Qiilnery't Bditorsbip of Ihe ' WutmorUnil 

' <]uette'— DnK-ntinci, 101— ColKien Blbllogrmpby, KKt — 
Qipalet : CblgunDJI— ' Miirrny'i Handbook for Yorkabirc;' 
]0S — Wllllun Way — " Cloaure-by-oomputment" — 
"KalKKwe"— BplUpb on Ann Davie*. 106. 

«jUERIE3:-I.H.S., lOB — Sfaakeipeare Autogtmpb — Bton 
LltU- Itallui Initial H — Court Drifu, 107 — Jfoacphui 
Strutbiui— PolUman — Old Bibls— Briatol Stav« Bhipt— 
Sir Harry Vane— Qwyneti — Bayly ol Hall Place and 
Bldeford — 'Times* Correapondenta In Hungary, lOH — 
Pblllp Baker— Saucy Bngllab Poet— ' ' Boiuire " In Soot- 
lan<l, lou. 

BBPLIBS :— Peak and FIke, lOP— Dlirsell on Qtaditone— 
Lalln <juoUitlon<, 1 10— Benbow— County Talet— "Tbere 
«rai a man," 111— Deuctmted FonU, 113— Whitly Trea- 
Documenta In Secret Drawers— PIgott Family— Beating 
the Bound!, 113— "Die and lie Damned,' lU— Bunoey— 
WInobester College VUitatlon, 11.%— Trooping Uie Colouri, 
11«— Butcber Hall Street—' Bead Scraping! '-St. NInian'i 
43bnrcli, 117- Mllton'i Soanet xil.— St. Patrick atOrrleto 
— Publlabers' Oalalogurt- Fair Maid of Kent-Black Dog 
Alley, Weitmlnciter, \\t. 

KOTKS ON BOOKS:-' Lean's Collectanea'- Corbett't 
'Bnglanil In the Mediterranean' — Crvjbaw'i Poems — 
Bell's " York Library "— ' Autl-Jncubln ' Poetry. 

iNottces to CorrespondenU. 



^^ Prof. JLasson, H. A. Page, the 'Diet. 
Nat. Biog.' (Leslie Stephen), aud 'The Ency. 
Brit.' (J. II. Findlay) liave each fallen into 
error in regard to the above. De Quincoy 
iiecame editor of that journal on 11 July, 
1818, iwt " in the summer of 1819." He took 
up residence at Dove Cottage in November, 
1809 (his tenancy dating from the previous 
May Day), therefore he ha,d not "ultimately 

•eettled m 1812 on the borders of Gras- 

mere." It was from this cottage, at a distance 
'Of seventeen miles, that lie edited his paper 
(a fact which largely contributed to his non- 
•success and ultimate resignation). Once, 
when his presence at the office was urgently 
needed, a heavy fall of snow prevented him 
from getting there to time. On another 
occasion he inadvertently missed the post with 
•his MS. Thus he was not " living, it seems, 
chiefly in Kendal at the time." He never 
" lived " there. As to his politics, in the 
party sense of the term, whatever they may 
Jiave been in later life, they were durine bis 
residence in Lakeland those of a high Tory. 
In his first leader he endeavoured to show 
how that Brougham— who, having ventured 

to contest the Parliamentary seat of the 
Lowthers, held bv them unopposed for thirty 
years, haxi lieen defeated by 2,369 out of 3,258 
votes polled— would have received a still 
greater downfall had he not withdrawn from 
the contest before the allotted time for the 
closing of the poll. So strong, indeed, was 
De C)uincey's feeling against Brougham and 
his Whig friends that the proprietors of the 
Gazette — staunch Tories — ultimately desired 
their editor to modify the extreme manner 
in which the vehemence of his party spirit 
was expressed. He was a confessed enemy 
to Bonaparte and Owen, and opposed to 
Catholic Emancipation ; hence was tiot 
" classed as a Liberal - (jonservative "; and 
what he "would have been" is irrelevant. 
It is a fact that he was not "always as far 
removed from Radicalism as from I'oryism." 
De Quincev tendered his resignation in 1819, 
his last "Editorial Note" appearing in the 
issue of 27 November, and his work did not 
"come to an end some time in 1820." Above 
all, he did not "abandon it as insuflicientl^ 
remunerative," or for any such reason. It is 
true that " he continued to e<lit the paper for 
the greater part of a year." It woula be more 
accurate to say that he did so for the greater 
partof ayearand ahalf. Hedidnot "reside till 
the end of 1820 at Grasmere," but left in the 
early part of that year. And Dove Cottage 
was not "afterwards occupied by Hartley 
Coleridge," nor at any time, save as Words- 
worth's and De Quincey'a guest. The younger 
poet spent the fast ten years of his life at 
Nab dottage, whence De Quincey wooed and 
won his bride, Mary Simpson, in 181B. These 
corrections are on the authority of the present 
proprietor-editor of the Gaztttt. 



Somewhere about sixteen years ago we 
published in your pages (7"' S. vi. 144) a list 
of dog-names ; since then we have gathered 
others which we send as an addition thereto. 
The names of the dogs given in ' The Gentle- 
man's Recreation,' fifth ed., 1706— there are 
ninety-nine of them — were published in the 
same volume, p. 209, by auotner contributor, 
who arranged them in alphabetical order. 
It has not been considered necessary to 
reproduce any of these except when they 
occur elsewhere. The dogs mentioned in the 
writings of Sir Walter Scott are also given 
on p. 462. Classical and Oriental names we 
have disregarded, at least for the present, 
but it may be well to remind our readers 
interested in the subject that several dog- 



[10- & IL Abol a. MM. 

umm, Greek *nd TenCoaic. ou/ be fcvnod in 
Mr. J. S. SuUybrmas'* tmialuioa of Oranm's 
•Teutonic Mythologv.' foL it. p. I28S. A 
few OrionUl auaeH nf dog* oocar in Soatbey'i 
*CoiDiDOD-I1»ce Book.' r^. i. p. 417. 

Apa«he.— Dog of Carl Lamboltz. ' I'o- 
Iciiown Mexioo,' L 38. 

Bftrri.— Dogof MoantStBera&rd. Rogers, 
' Italy." ed. Ift3». p. 17. 

Batty.— Inircxluction to Chriatie'a Will ia 
* Border Min»trelay,' Henderson 'a ed.^iv. 63. 

Beanty.-Dryden, ' Wild Gallant,' LIL i 

BUncfi.-' King Lear," KI. tL 

Block.— Jonsoii. ' Staple of News,' rei eiiBc l 
to in Southey'ii 'Common -Place Book,' iiL SS4. 

Blood vla<w.— Scott's ' Auchindrace ' : — 

1 miut duin Dp the doga too ; 
Kimrod and BloodyUa are croaa at ttnuigcn, 
Batgenllc when you koow them.— I. 1. 

Not in tlie list referred to above- 
Bowman.-' Fi ret Ode of First Book of 
Horace Imitated ' (1771), 17. 

Brount. — The big mastiff of Robespierre. 
Chambera, ' Book of Davs,' ii. 134. 

Bruin.— Charles Bradlaugh's dog. 'Life,' 
by his daughter, i. 108. 

Caesar.— Burns, ' Twa Doga.' 

Caril.— Hunting song, lemp. Charles IL, 
in Ebsworth's ed. of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Crab.— 'Two Gent, of Verona,' II. iii. 

Cricket.— 'Mem. of Verney Family,' i. 185. 


Daphne.— MS. note in Markham's 'Hanger's 
Prevention,' 34. 

Dash.— Southey, * Common - Place Book,' 
iv. 413. 

Don. — .9/wrti'fij; Miti/.. xvi 286. — Lord 
TcnnvMon'n doK- Wilfrid Ward, ' Problems 
and Pentons,' 199, 

Double-ugly.— An epithet used in Leicester- 
•hire aa a dog's name, Npecially one of the 
brindled bulldog breed.-' Eng. Dialect Diet.,' 

tui VftC. 

Duko— I»rtl Tennyson's dog. Wilfrid 
Ward, ' Problems and Persons,' 199. 

Dytir.— Hunting song, irmp. Charles II., in 
Ebaworlli's ed. of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Fanatic— Southey teUH a story of how a 
I'ruvoxi of Alierdeen was hanged by a mob 
for calling one of his dogs Fanatic and the 
other Prenbytorian.— 'Common-Plaoe Book,' 
iii. 317. 

Fillida- MS. note in Markham's ' Hunger's 
Prevention," 34. 

Flciiry— 'Verney Memoirs,' iv. 76. 

Flunli. — Mri. Urowning'ji dog liefore her 
marrinKO. ' - Ift Feb., 1899, p. 201. 

Oaaer.-I^ .uud of Sir IiJomydon. 

Geo. Kill*, ' Mill ]( 111 l!i>mnnceti," 616. 

Oaniboy.— ' Vorncy Mrmoira,' iv, 75. 


Gialkv— Dog of Walter Sar«n 
' Life of Fraacn ¥amtr Cobt»,' fiTso. 

GilBTiL— BtM* mfhoaaA of Sir Idimt- 
doik <W EOia. • JlMnMl Konutcea.' M&' 
_ Gobble. -J. B. LowtOTa doK. * Lacten.' 

Haakin.— *FMtooL0Uani,*m. 115. 

HekIa.-DaR of CanliiMl Wtaenan. WO- 
fnd Ward, 'Die of GBRUaal Wia«auo.' iL 

Hey.— Hoohoe Marryat, ' Ve»r in Swedv,' 

Holdlaat,— 'Henrjr V.,' H. iii. 
^geborg. — Honue Marryat, 'Year b 

Jnv*-— Dog of Robert Pollok, aatbor of 
"ITje Coorwj of Time.' •Life.' hy D»nd 

Pollok, 32. 

Karenina.— Lord TennyMD's dog. W 
Ward, * Problems and Persons,' 199. 

Keeper.— A dog in Day's 'Sandford 

Khaki— The bitch of a Lincolniliire pabli- 
can which was pupped about the time of thr 
beginning of the South African war. She 
was callM Khaki in allusion to the aoldien' 
dress, because she had spots on her reaemh Uwg 
it in colour. 

Koras.— Horace Marryat, ' Year in Sw 
i. 59. 

Lollard. — Jonson, 'Staple of N 
Sonthey, 'Common-Place Book,' iiL 234 

Lovel.— /^-tV/., i. 4G9. 

Lufra.— Scott, 'Lady of the Lake,' v 
—Lord Tennyson's dog. Wilfrid Wi 
'Problems and Persons,' 199. 

Lustic— Horace Marryat, 'YearinSw 
i. 59. 

Machaon. — Rogers, 'Jacqueline,' ii 25. 

Madge.— Dryden, 'Sir Martin Mar-'alL 
iii. 1. 

Marmion.— Dog that belonged in 1811 
the father of Marv Russell Mitford. *'l, 
of M. R. :Mitford,' by A. G. L'Estmnge, i. l 

Mary-gold.— 'Verney Memoirs,' iv. To^ 

Minna.— Dog of Cardinal Wiseman. WB 
frid Ward. ' Life of Card. Wiseman,' i laci^ 

Moholoff.— Dogof Ducd'Enghien. 'N ic 
9'»' S. xii. 28. ^ 

Mopaey.—' Verney Memoirs,' iv. 76. 

Nettop. — Sir C. H. J. Anderson, 
Swedish Brothers,' 3. 

Nimrod.— Scott, * Auchindrane,' i 1. Jifotl 
in list referred to above. 

Orelio.— Sonthey, 'Roderick the Last ofl 
the Goths,' xxi. ' 

Panks.— Lowell's dog. 'Letters of J 
Lowell,' ii. 402, 465. 


10^ 8. II. Aug. 6. 1804.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 




Pero.— "Get Ponto and Pero and all the 
dogs fed." Sjyirting Magazine, xxxvii. .311. 
A commoD name in Wales. Caotilian for dog. 
• N. & Q.,' 9"" S. X. 174. 

Pharaoh.— Boarliound of the late Marquis 
of Salisbury, so called " because he will not 
let the people go." I'orkthiit Post, 24 Aug., 

1903, p. 6, col. 5. 

Pim.— Hunting song, temp. Charles II., in 
Ebaworth's edition of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Pincher. — Southey, ' Oiuuiana,' i. 40. 

Ponibal. — Dog of John MasonNeale, Warden 
of Sack ville College. St. Margaret's Magazine, 
Jan., WJ3, 228. 

Pomero.— W. S. Lander's dog. ' Lett of 
James Kusaell Lowell,' ii. .361. 

Pottle.— Hunting song, temp. Charles II., 
in Ebsworth's ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Presbyterian. — See 'Fanatic' 

Qurawer. — "A black spotted bitch. "Southey, 
' Common-Place Book,' iii. 504. 

Rainabolt.— Hunting song, <<r»»i;>. Charles II., 
in Ebsworth's ed. of 'Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Riquet. — " That sweetest of dogs of 
romance, Riquet" Athmceuni, 2 March, 1901, 

Ration. — Dog of Madame du DefTand, 
which Horace Walpole took care of after 
Madame's death. Ldindurgh Review, April, 

1904, 450. 

Raynall.— Dog of Prince Rupert after the 
Restoration. He writes to Legge : " Poor 
Raynall at this instant is dying, after having 
been the cause of the death of many a stagge. 
By heaven, I would rather lose the best 
horse in my stable." Eva Scott, 'Rupert, 
Prince Palatine,' 300. 

Resto. — S/nrtlng Magazine, xvi. 285. 

Ryno.— Scott, 'Lord of the Isles,' v. 22. 

Sancho.— T. Park :— 

"TiU keen-nosed Suoclio, ranuinK by. 
Standi uid fortelli a, partridice oiub. 

' SouDeta,' 1707, 72. 
Sjxirting Magazine, xvi. 285. 

Satan.— A dog the property of Mr. Wedge, 
of Chertsey, 1814. S/iortijuj Magazine, xliv. 50. 

Sheepheard. — ' Memoirs of the Verney 
Family,' i. 185. 

Snooks.— The name of a dog which more 
than half a century ago a Lincolnshire 
clergyman hod received as a present from 
a Cambridge friend, whoso surname was 

Soot.— Hunting song, temp. Charles II., in 
Ebsworth's ed. of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Soujllard.— "A white dog, Souillard, was 
given as a great present to Louis XI." 
Kenelm Henry Digby, 'Orlandus,' 1629, 311. 

Spendall.— Hunting song, /c;/i/^. Charles II., 
in tbaworth's ed. of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Sug. — Ibid. 

Swagger. — Jbid. 

Swag-pot. — Ibid. 

Sweet-neart.— ' King Lear,' III. vi. 

Swilback. — Hunting song, t-emp. Charles II,, 
in Ebsworth's ed. of ' Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Tiny.— Dog of Cardinal Wiseman. Wil- 
frid Ward, ' Life of Wiseman,' ii. 174. 

Toby.— Southey, ' Common - Place Book,' 
ii. 111. Quoting Wesley's 'Journal.' 

Tory.— "In a play of Mrs. Behn's we find 
a Whig knight calling his house-dog Tory." 
Sjmrting Mag., xxiii. 271. 

Toss.- Hunting song, tanp. Charles U., ia 
Ebsworth's ed. of 'Merry Drollery,' 39. 

Tracy. — Herrick's dog. Fortnightly lie- 
view, December, 1903, 085. 

Vaunter.—' Verney Memoirs,' iv. 114. 

Venus.— DrydeUj 'Wild Gallant.' iii. 1. 

Youland. — Hunting song, temp. Charles II., 
in Ebsworth's 'Merry Drollery,' 39. 

N. M. & A. 
[ My doga muBt look their names too, and all Spartan, 
LelapB, MelampuB : no more Fox an(l Baudiface. 
Fletcher, 'The WUdgoose Chase,' I. uLl 

(SeelO'i'S. i. 481; ii. .3,62.) 


Comment anu Criticism. 

{Arranyed chronolouicaily.) 


Analysis of Mr. Cobden'fl 'Cure for the Rosso- 

lihobia.' [London, J. Kidgway & .Sons, 1836.11 

fevo. 8028. e. 36. (I.) 


Russia. In answer to a Manchester Manufacturer, 
London, 1837. 8vo. 8026. g. 33. (1.) 

Isaac Maydwell's Analysis of Cobden's Addresaei, 
with remarks on Mr. [R. H.] (Jreg'a speech al 
the Great League Meeting at Mancheater. Lon- 
don, 1843. 8vo. 1391. g. 47. 

On Patriotism. A Letter to Richard Cobden, 
Ksquire, M.P., and John Bright, Eaquire, MP... 
or, a friendly remonstrance with them, on what 
may be truly called their incessant persecution, 
of the prime minister ; another to the Martjuia 
of AVestmiuBler, Karl Fitzwilliam, &c. ByCivis. 
Mancheater, Josepli Pratt, Printer, 23, Bridge 
Street, 1844. 8vo, pp. .jO.— The letter conoludes- 
as follows : " V'our most obdt. hble. aerrt., 
John Bridge, Crescent, Salford, April, 1844." 

A Letter irom a Crow to Mr. Cobden. Trans- 
lated from the original by a Northamplonahire 
Squire. London, 1844. 4to. i;i91. g. 31. 

Bastiat (Frederic). Cobdeo et la Ligue, ou I'agita- 
tion anglaise vomt la liberty du commerce, kc. 
Paris, Senlia [printed 1, 1845. 8vo. 1391. g. 14. 

Maitre (C). Richard Cobden, on I'Baprit Anglais 
centre I'Esprit Franvais ii propos de la liijM,\N.^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo* s. u. aws. e. isoi. 

dea Echanges. Paris, 1IM& Iflmo. 1391. a. 
36. (2.J 
<j*rnier (C. J.). Kioliard Cobden, lei Ligueurt, et la 
Ligua: pr6oiii de I'hiatoire de la dernii-re revo- 
lutioa ^nomique et finaiicicTO en Augleterre. 
Paris, 1846. 12rao. 1.3Q1. a. 32. 


Uiicono Kconomico sulU Marcmma Sanciie dell' 
Arcidiaoono Sallustio Antonio Handiiii. Niiova 
Edizione. Uedicata al CelebreRiecardo Cobden. 
RiveduUi buI MS. Autografo. Siena, Tipogra- 
jihia dell' Ancora, 1IS47. 

Letter lo Kichard Cob<len on the .Scotch Law 

of Kutail. By a Scotch Landlord. Inverness, 
18(7. 8vo. 6583. b. 


£Uis, W. A Few Questions on Secular Kducation 
— What it is, and what it ouglit to be; with 
an attempt to answer them. Preceded by an 
Ap|>e«l to Richard Cothlen. Ks*!., and the mem- 
bers of the late Anli-Com Law I^eague. By the 
Author of 'The Outlines of Social Koonomy' 
[W.Ellis]. London, IIMS. 8vo. 83(»5. e. K2. 


Fhippa (E.). A few words on the three amateur 
Dudgets of Cobden, MactJregor. and Wason. 
London, lS4a 8vo, pp. 'J4. M.K.L. 

Holdfast (Harry), ittewl. A short letter to ilr. 
Cobden in reply to his long siieech at Man- 
chester from his quondam admirer, Harry 
Holdfast. London, IS49. Svo. 813H. d. 

John Bull and his Wonderful Lamp. .-X new Read- 
ing of an old Tale. By Homunculus, With six 
jcoloured] illustrations designed br the author. 
London, 1*49. 4lo. M.K.L. — A Protectionist 
version of the story of .\laddin, in which "Cw- 
Ab-Deen the Cotton .Spiuner, or C<VAbdin," 
pUys the part of the evil magician. 

IHy(G. O.). Cobden's Contradictions. Extracted 
from Mr. (!. (i. Day's Letter to the JUoriiino 
Herald of March •.'7, 1850. [London, 1S50.] 
Ssh. fol. 81)6. U. ir>. (27.) 


£omerville (Alexander). The Whistler at the 
Plough and Free Trade. By Alexander Somer- 
ville, one who has whistled at the Plough. 
Manchester. 1S,'>2. 8vo. 

An Address to Mcxsrs. Cobden and Bright, showing 
their total untituoss under a monarchy, for 
members of Parliament, and that they are, and 
have long been, the greatest banes and plagues 
of Society. Bv .luhn Bridge. Manchester, 
Joaeph Binns N'ormanton, IS-Vi. Svo, pp ".— 
The first jwige of the letter is printed as foUowa : 
" Mr. Bridge's Letter (This Letter was origin- 
ally written to the Editor of the Manrhtnlir 
Couritr.) Hulnie Place, Salford, June IS, IS.'ii'' 


Richards (A. B.). CoMea and his pamphlet ri793 
and 18531 considered, in a letter to Ricnard 
Cobden, tc. 1S.V1. Svo. sl3s. df. 

Manham (.1. C). How Wars arise in India. Ob- 
servations on Mr. ColKlen's Pam]ihlet entitled 
'The Origin of the Burmese War.' London, 
IS.'B. Kvo. 8022. d. 

A letter to Richard Cobden in reply lo ' 1793 

and 185.^' By a Mancheater Man. Man- 
cheit«r, 1853. Svo. 813S. f. 

Cobdenic Policjr the Internal Kneniy of En^ 

The Peace Society, its uombati veaeia, Mr, 

den, his secretiveness. A\a« a narralivt 

historical incidents. By A' 

("One who has whistled at 

don, IS.'M. Hvo. pp. 104. :*i.i 

announced as in i>repsration ' > 

torical Errors and Prophetic Blun 

did uotap|i«ar. 
The Slanderer E.\i<osed. A rejected letter fif i 

monstrance to the Mniu-h-' ••.■.■^■- ■ 

attempt to damage the C" 

bouring a renegade from t 

I.«aKuo ; or a few words on .Soiiicr\ lUo <uxi Lit 

' Cobdenic Policy.' By O. F. Moudley. Ma 

cheater, Ove & Sever, 18^ Svo, jip. 14. 


Lanimer Moor, pitiul. Bowring, CoMen, and China? 
ic. A Memoir by Lanimer Moor. Kdlnbarsli. 
J. Menzies, 1857. Svo. 8022. d. 

Mr. John Bri|i[ht's Speech in support of Rie 
CoMen, K9<|. Wrigley Ic Son, Prit ■ 
"Steam Power," Rochdale. Four orv 
demy folio fly-sheet.— This is preaerv • 
Election Scrap-book in the Rochtiala 


Free Trade in Gold, being a rejjly to the 

Chevklier treatise " on the probable decline 
the value of gold," also an exposition of I 
French schemes on the currency now maturii 
London, 1861. 12mo. 8'223, a. 49. 


Reybaud (M. K. L.). Rcnnoniistes modernc 
Richard Cobden, >l. F. Basliat, M. M. Che* 
M. J. S. Mill, M. L. Faucher. M. P. Ho 
Paris, ISffii. Svo. S-JOO. f. 17. 

Fletcher (Oreuville), Parliamentary Portraits of I 

Present Period. Third Series. Loudon, Jamea' 
Ridgway, lUSi. Svo.— Includes sketch of Cal». 

Protio (P. 0.). Les Economistes A . ou.J 

Necessite de la Protection C< -bell 

Chevalier, Carey, Uu Mesnil, ^.... ,s..,, ic. ' 
2 pt. Paris, 1862-3. I'imo, pp. 270. S208. oaa 
31. M.F.L. 

Denman (Hon. J.). The firessinc necessity for in- , 
creaaed docks and basins at Portsmouth, with 
some observations on Mr. Cobden's ' Three I 
Panics,' kc. 1862. Svo.— Another edition in I 
1863. 8806. c. 

Unjabart (U.). Answer to Mr. Colxlen on the 
assimilation of war and peace [as |iro|)OBe<I by 
Mr. Colxlen in a letter to thu Manchester Cham- 
ber of Commerce]. Alao aualyais of the eorro- 
siiondenoe [of the English Government] with 
the United States [May, June, ISOl], showing 
the Declaration of Paris to have been violated 
by England and France. Pp. 64. Loudou. 
HardwicW, 1S62. Svo. 1250.0.38.(7.) 

" The Three Panics " dispelled. A roiily to the | 

historical episode of Richard Cobden. Reprinted 

from Colbum't Utiilfd Sm-icf Mai/aiint. 

London, 1882. Svo. SISS. b. 

Simonson (F.). Richard Cobden and die aoti' 
kornzolliga, sowie ihre Bedeutuos ftir die 
wirthacbaftlichen ^'erbaltnisse des l>eutacii«i 

io*8.u.Aco.6.i9o«.i NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Uciches. Berlin, 1863. 8vo, pp. M. 8229. de. 

Richard Cobtleo, Roi des Beiges. [Beine a reply 
to Richard Cobden's lelter to VhcononuMle 
Beige on the fortiHcations of Antwerp.) Par 
un ex-Colnnel de la Garde Civii^ue. Dudit- aux 
blesst-^s de Septembre. Deuxi^nie Mition. Lon- 
don, 18(i3. 8vo.— Thin waa written by Sylvain 
van der Weyer, and is included in bis'Choix 
d'Opuscnles, edite<l by Octave Delepierre, and 
published at London in lS)j3. 

Blackmao. E. L. Our Relations with America. A 

reply to the arguments of Mr. Cobden as to 

the supply of ammunition of war to the belli- 
I gerenU. Manchester, [186.')]. 8vo. 8175.e. 1. (1.) 


The Land and the Agricultural Population. [Being 
letters of A. H. Hall, W. T. White, and others 
in reply to two sjieeches delivered at Rochdale 
in November, IwKJ, by Richard Cobden and 
John Bright. Reprinted from the ItW .S'lwej- 
'Oazettr.} Arundel, IStM. Hvo. 7075. bb. 27. 

Primogeniture and Kritail. Letters of J. K. Thorold 
Rogers, M.A., Professor of Political Economy 
at the University of Oxford; and Mr. Henry 
Tupper, of Guernsey, and others, on the History 
ami Working of the I.>aw8 of Primogeniture 
and Entail in their Moral, .Social, and Political 
Aspects. Manchester, Alexander Ireland &. 
Co., 1864. 8vo, pp. 2S.— Mr. Tupiwr'u lettor is 
addreiised to Mr. Cobden, and the pamphlet 
resulted from the speech out of which the 
Cobden-I>elaue correspondence arose. 


. Alarming results of the non-reciprocity System of 
^m Free Trade promoted by Messrs. Gladstone, 

^B Cobden, Bright, and their supporters. Fourth 

^m_ edition. London, ri86.~>J. S. sh. ful. 188U. d. 
■ I. (67.) 

^ Cobden's Nederidge Navolgers in Indiij : een 

^^ beschamend woord voor allc bestrijders der 
r liberale Kolunialo politiek. (Overgedrukt uit 

het Dagliliul ran Znvlhij/land fn'n Gravenhage 

van 8-U Augustus, 1805.) 's < irarenhage, 1863. 

8vo. mrii-dd. 
Mr. Cobden. (From the i'liter OUm-cr.) London. 

8vo, pp. 4.— A reprint of a leading article on 

Mr. Cobden's career. 



, „ 1866. 

Le Baste de Cobden. Par A. Verviers. 1866. 


Brewster, 1). The Radical Party: its Principles, 
Objects, and Leaders. — Cobden, 4o. Man- 
cheater, 1867. 8vo. 81.18. ec. la (Itt) 

Financial Reform Union. Pa|>eri on Taxation, &c. 
No. .^ A Budget for 1869, based upon Mr. 
Cobden's " National Budget," proposed in 1849. 
Pp. 7. f London], 186.S. Svo. C. T. U'74. (8.) 

Pamphlets Kationaux. No. 1. Lea Joujoux de M. 
Cobden. Par A. OrandgulUoU Paris, [1868, 
4c.]. Svo. 8245. ff. 3. 


"Robkin and Blight " [i".<f., Pvichard Cobden and 
John Bright). What unfair trade is doing for 
us. [Signed " Pastor Agricola.") Pp. 23. War- 
wick, H, T. Cooke &, Son, 1885. Svo. 81.m 
b. •ill. (7.) 
I Pope (.1. B.). The Curse of Cobden, or .Tohn Bull 
f. John Bright. [A pamphlet upon Free Trade.) 

Edinburgh and London, W. Blackwood Sc 
Sons, 1883. Svo. S-J-JS. b. 37. 

Brett (J.). CaiciUato,: Free Trade. Cobden, Bright, 

Gladstone Fawcett, collated and examined. 

London, Ettingham Wilson, 1886. Svo. 8229. 
i. 18. (4.) 

Caaliin (T. F.). Free Trade Fallacies ; or, Cobden 
confuted. An exjiosition on the existing phase 
of progress and poverty, kc. London, Wyman 
it Sons, 1SS6. Svo. SfflO. bbb. 53. (12.) 

The Curse of Cobden : what it means. An address 
to those with brains. Issued by the War- 
minster Fair Trade and Home Labour l>efen(« 
League. [Signed for the League by John W. 
Hull.] Pp. .8. Warminster, [1901]. Svo. 08236. 
g. 62. (13.) 

WlLUAM E. A. Axos. 
( To b» continued.) 

G1PSIE.S : " Chigonnji."— People who deal 
in historical and philosophical questions 
have a perverse way of always Retting hold 
of the wrong end of the stick. They always 
wish to prove some far-fetched, out-of-the- 
way theory. To ine it has always appeared 
obvious that the Zigunnoi, described by 
Herodotu-s as iieople with a way of life 
exactly the same as that of modern gipsies, 
and occupying exactly the region to this 
day most thickly populated by gipsies, really 
were gipsies or Zigeuner. The wJiole thing 
is as plain as a pikestafl'. What is the general 
occupation of gipsies but that of tinkers, 
horsedcalers, and above all blacksmiths? Now 
a dialect word in Great Russian gives a com- 
plete explanation of the name Zigunnoi, 
because in that dialect the word— not given 
in Russian dictionaries — cfiiffiinnji means 
made of iron or connected with iron. If in 
the present day so large a Slav element still 
remains along the Danulje, this must have 
been still more the case in classic times, for 
the Slav elements have been slowly shrinking 
east and northwards. So that it is not won- 
derful if Herodotus was given the Slay name 
for the members of the nomad primitive 
iron age, who resolutely refused to be civilized. 
W. W. STaicKLAND, B.A. 

'Murray's Handbook for yoEKSHiBK.' — 
In your notice of the new edition o£ 
'Murray's Handbook for Yorkshire' (lO"- S. 
i. 259) you stata that the "delightful cream 
cheese" made at Grewelthor(>e might have 
been mentioned. Will you allow me to point 
out that the ' Handbook ' contains two 
allusions to this cheese : on p. 320, where 
Grewelthorpe is mentioned, and also at the 
end of section xiii. of the Introduction, 
where the gastronomic peculiarities of the 
county are described? You also remack 


NOTES AND QUERIES. ao*s5.iLAr.i.e.n)Oi. 

upon the omission of the Famley Hall near 
Leeds ; and Dr. Forshaw (p. 346), writing 
on the same subject, hints at "other dis- 
crepancies and omissions." May I inquire 
whether thi« particular Farnley Hall pos- 
sesKBs any interest, internal or external, for 
the intelligent tourist? Dr. Forshaw cites 
nothing in iu favour, except that it is 
mentioned in the ' National Gazetteer,' and 
ait the ' National Gazetteer ' seoms to be able 
to say for it is that it is "the principal 
residence." This in itself is not enough to 
render obligatory its inclusion in a work 
which, after all, is not a gazetteer, but a 
guide-book. J. M. 

13-U, Loug Acre, W.C. 

WiiuAM Way, auas Wyoc.k, auas Flower. 
— Under the heading 'Recusant Wykehamists,' 
an a"" S. xi. 227, 350, it was shown that 
William WygRe, the Catholic martyr, was not 
the Winchester scholar of Ifi'O (thoueh it is 
assorted he was by Dodd, ' Church llistory,' 
vol. ii. p. 131), but is to be identified with 
William Way. 

Tiie further identification of William Way 
with Mr. Flower was left uncertain. Dom 
Bede Camm, O.S.B., now writes to me to 
point out that this further identification is 
certain, as ' S. P. Dom. Eliz.,' ccii. 61, contains 
the name of "William Flower, aluu Way, 
Seminary in the Clink." 

John B. Wainewright. 

" Closure - by - compartment." — In the 
appendix to 'H.E.D.,' which will naturally 
be looked for when the series of volumes now 
being issued is completed, it will he neces- 
sary to include "closure-by-compartment," 
a. phrase used by the Prime Minister and all 
the leading speakers in tiie recent House of 
Commons debate on a particular proposal in 
regard to the Licensing Bill, as an extension 
of the meaning of cloture as " the closing of 
a debate in a legislative assembly by vote of 
the House or by other competent authority." 


"KABoasE."— The other day a friend of 
mine, who plumes himself upon the purity 
of his English, said to me, "I'll sell you tlio 
whole kaboose." I was so surprised to hear 
him indulging in Viddisbisms tnat I begged 
liiiu to tell me how he came to know the 
word. _ All I learnt was that he had often 
sard it used by art-dealers. He was ignorant 
' it« origin. I have often heard it used in 
Iroles. We say "chaboose." lu 
in nebulous. The nearest thing I 
loin iitiu III Hebrew to it is "chaboos" from 
l^obabosh," to subjugate. •• Kaboose " would 

thus mean anything acquired or profterty. 
" Kaboose "=joblot. M. L. K. !• 

[Obviously a v»ri»nt of " caboodle," »«■ 
' Slang and tt« AnaloKuea.' Derivation ai-'i'iiiijl j 

Epitai'H on Ann DA^^Es.— The following 
is from an old tombstone in memory of ooa 
Ann, the wife of Edward Davies, who 
departed this life 9 January. ITaa, a^ed 
thirty-nine, in Ruyton-of-the-Elevea-Towns 
Churchyard, in Shropshire : — 

Pain was my portion. 
Physic was my food. 
To groan was my devotion 
When drugs ditf me no good. 
Christ was my (ihyaiuian ; 
He knew whnt way was beat 
To ease me of my pain 
Aud set my soul at rest. 

H. T. R 


\Vk must re<iueat. corresiKHideiila i \\. 

formation on family matters of only priv at 

to ai&x their names and addresses to il:c.. .j.... ..c«, 

in order that the answers may he addressed to them 

I.H.S. — One is so apt to look upon 
' N. ife Q.' as an " intmire within for every- 
thing," that I confess to a fooling of 
disappointment when, on consulting the 
Indexes, I could find no reference to the 
origin of the use of these letters for " Jesus 
hominum Salvator." In Griesinger's 'History 
of the Jesuits ' (I quote from iScott's trans- 
lation)! chap, ii,, is tlie following : — 

" There were 6 associates [four .Spaniards, one Por- 
tuguese, and one Savoyard] whom Loyola selected 

for the accomplishment of his designs They 

agreed all seven to asuemble on the festival of the 
Ascension of Mary (loth August, 15,34) at daybreak, 
in the Faubourg St. Jacque*, and thence asoemled 
the heights of Moolmartre and immediately betook 
themselves to a subterranean chapel situated there, 
in which, some centuries before, Uionysius the 
Areopagitc hod been Iwhoaded. This was a kind 
of dismal grotto, of uosrsc, rough construction, 
with bare dark grey walls dripping with moisture, 
and i)uile unadorned with Howers, gold, or pntoious 
atones. Un the contrary, all .ippvared dull and 
dreary, bare and silent, while harilly a breath of 
air could penetrate from without : the lik.'li(eil 
ta|>«rs emitted a sickly pale yellow light, 
rendered the chattel even more awful in appe. 
II. ht otherwise have seemed. .4 fn^uuui 

II \* as given by the jilain rougli stone 

III 1 wliii h D)i" :in old ruinous sl.itiie 
w I from the trunk 

1, ■!« hiilv Ocnis. ' 

■ir low prn 


^ncilli'iud— uikl I'lutd » 
he administered tho 

lo* 8. II. Aug. 6. 190*.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Holy Communion. Scarce had this uken place 
when Itpiatius Loyola placed himgelf before tlie 
altAr, and swore upon the Bible to lead henceforth 
a life of poverty, cliaatity, and obedience. He swore 
to fiKht to all eternity only for the things of (Jod, 
of tTie Holy Mary, and her Son Jesus Christ, as 
true xniritual kniKhts, as also for the protection of 
the holy Koniiah Church and its supreme head the 
Pope ; and for the extension of the true faith 
amonR unlwlievers— devoting his life thereto. • Ad 
niajorem Dei Kloriani ' (to the exaltation of the 
glory of CtodL he exclaimed, as he finished taking 
the oath, and his wild piercing eyes shot like 
lightning out of his leaden-coloured haggard 
countenance. After him the six others took the 
same oath, and each exclaimed at the finish ' .Ad 
mojorem Dei gloriam.' On the termination of this 
«eremony, however, they did not at once leave the 
chapel, but remained shut up in it until late in the 
evening, muttering their prayers, and without a bit 
of food or a drop of water having passed their lip*. 
Ai they at last rose up from their knees, Ignatius 
Loyola marked upon the altar three large capital 
letters: these were I.H..S. 'What do those 
•ignify?" demanded the others. 'They signify,' 
answered Ignatius with solemn utterance, ' "Jesus 
Honiinuni .Salvator," and they shall henceforth be 
the motto of our institution.' From that time tliese 
words were inscribed on the banners of the Society 
to indicate that the members of the same desire to 
be considered Assistants of the Saviour .leaus." 

I have troubled you with this long extract, 
without abridgDient, to ask if all this is 
really true. Is this the origin of the letters 
I.H.S., and do our chuivlies bear on their 
altars and tables as a fact the badge of 
the Jesuits ? The A.M.D.G. I iiave always 
supposed to be their motto, and (but i/wtn) 
the "Patieiis quia ieteriius"; but is the 
I.H.S. theirs as well } 

I have read the notes on "Stat crux dum 
volvitur orbis " (10"> S. i. 393) with interest. 
Would it be asking too much for B.W., or 
some other learned contributor, to note in 
your columns the mottoes and badges of all 
the diflFerent Orders? 

By-the-by, is the translation given above 
of A.M.D.G. the correct one? "To the 
grater glory of God " si^eras more literal ; 
and yet is not that an impossibility, and a 
contradiction on the face of it ? Lucis. 

Shakesi-eare Autogkaph. — Can any of 
3'our American correspondents or othois tell 
tue the present whereabouts of the Shake- 
speare autograph purchased last April at 
Sotheby's rooms by Mr. A. Jackson, of 
224, Portland Street, for a. client out of Kng- 
la-nd ? IlEt^iNALD Haixes. 


Eton Lrsrs.— Can any one put ine on the 
track of any JIS. lists of Eton College prior 
to 1791. when they first began to be piinted? 
At present I have lists— or copies of lists— 
for the following years : 1678, 1707, 1718, 172&, 

1742, 1745, 1747, 1752-4, 1756-71, 1773, and 
1776-91. I should be very glad to hear of 
any others, and also of duplicates for any of 
the above-mentioned years. 

R. A. Adstek Leigh. 

8, St. James's Street, .S.W. 

Italian Initial H.— It is of course well 
known that initial /i only survives in the 
singular and in the third person plural of 
the present tense of the verb avert. In what 
appears to be an excellent little book by the 
late Policarpo Petrocchi, ' La Lingua e la 
Storia Letteraria d' Italia dalle origini fino a 
Dante,' Roma, 1903, the words /la and /lanno 
appear as <i and anno* I shall be glad to 
know whether this is an idiosyncrasy of the 
publishers, Ermanno Loescher <fc Co., or whe- 
ther it is sanctioned by the Accademia della 
Crusca, or any other authoritative institu- 
tion. The name of the publishers seems to 
suggest that the drtibuim has something to 
do Nvith the innovation. A man who, at 
home, is guilty of such monstrosities as tun 
and t'lt (for tliun and that) may very well 
have acQuired an unreasoning prejudice 
against tne letter h. Q. V. 

CouET Dress. -;-The Hungarian Professor 
Vambery, in a delightful letter (part of which 
I here give in order to make my (^uery intelli- 
gible) to his friends, lately published in the 
continental newspapers, gives an interest- 
ing de-scription of a visit to the Court of 
Edward VII. Invited "to dine and sleep" 
at Windsor Castle, he gives the following 
account of the first evening's dinner :— 

" On the card of invitation were, as usual, direc- 
tions given for the dress to be worn during the only 
formal function of the day, thu dinner, and thus 
worded : ' Evening dress, kneebreeches and orders.' 
As regards myself there could hardly be any i|ues- 
tion that I, with my lame legs, should put on knee- 

"About the time when I generally go to bed, the 
company of guests assembled, the ladies in full 
dress and the gentlemen in Court dresa or uniform. 
When their Majesties, preceded by the Master of 
the Household, entered, the ladies placed themselves 
on the right and the gentlemen to the left. The 
Queen, as gracious and beautiful as ever, saluted 
the company, and, by way of distinction, gave her 
hand to the newcomers. Then the King followed 
in Court dress, with the star and ribbon of the 
Garter. Tht. Mttck coat with a red collar— a novrlly 
for Iht ;/ear— became him, the master of fashion, 
admirably well." 

I will stop here and proceed with my 
query. Does not the amiable professor here 
make a confusion with the so-called Windsor 

* 1 have not happened to find an (V in so much of 
the book as I have read ; but it probably is there. 
Is the second i>er8on singular rii, to distinguish it 
from "to the "(pi.)! 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lu- s. n. a. *.. 6. tsot. 

nniform, the coat of which, however, is not 
black ■? or is there a new Court dress for 
Windsor wear ? and in such case, will any- 
body give particulars thereof 1 

Esau A— st. 


JosEPHua STurTHius.— Robert Burton, in 
the 'Anatomy of Slelancholy,' refers to 
*• Josephus Struthius, that Polonian, and his 

* Doctrine of Pulses ' " (Shilieto's ed. of the 
'Anatomy,' 1S9C, vol. iii. p. 156). Is anything 
known of Struthius ? and when was the 

* Doctrine of Pulses ' printed i Perhaps some 
' medical or Polish reader can help. 

H. C. S. 

PousMAN.— I have picked up a book with 
the following curious title: " Iliatoria del 
Valflroso Cavalier Polisman, nuouamente 
traaotta dalla lingua Spagnuolanella Italiana 
da M. Oiouanni Miranda. In Veuutia appresso 
Lucio Spineda, 1612," pp. 279, with register. 
Who was Polisman, and whence his extra- 
ordinarily ua-Spanish name 1 J. P. M. 

[The firal editiou of this work aj^ipearod in Venice 
in Svo, from the presses of Christ. Zanotli, 1573. 
It appears from lirunet to have heen in aix 
volumes, thoneb this is not sure. A copy was in the 
La Valli(ire sale. This is all wo peraou&tly know.] 

Old Bible.— My interest has been aroused 
by an old Bible, of which I would gladly 
learn more. The size is small quarto, and 
the text, which is in double columns, is in 
black letter, the marginal references and 
comments being in Roman type. Acts xxi. 15 
runs "wee trussed up our fardies"; and pro- 
bably "breeches" represented "aprons in 
Genesis iii. 7: but unfortunately the title-page 
of the Old Testament is torn out, together 
with all that ouglit to come before Leviti- 
cus xxiii. I should have attributed the volume 
to the editiou which contained the copy thus 
advertised in a recent " Caxton Heaa " cata- 
logue :— 

•'142 Bible (Genevan or 'Breeches') With 

most profitable Annotations vpon all the hard 
, places, and other thin)^ of j^reat importaiiRe, aa 
I may api>caro in the Kpistle to the Header. .And aI»o 
a most profitable Concordance for the readio finding 
out of any thing in the same contcyoed, sm. 4to 
(Apocrypha missing), black letter, double cHilumn, 
marKiniil notes in Roman Letter, titles within wood- 
cat iKirdcra, surmounted by the Royal Arms, old 
calf, gill, gilt edges, l.'w. Christopher Barker, 15Stj," 
had not the New Testament title-page, which 
answers to the above description, been " Ira- 
I printed at London by | the l)eputie8 of 
I Christopher Bar- I ker, Printer to the Queenes 
I most I excellent Maiestie | 1495." Wherefore 
'^ date so astounding 1 The preface to ' Two 
right profitable ana fruitf all Concordances,' 

which follow Revelation, and are by Robert 
F. Herrey, is dated 1578, so I oan but ins- 
pect that the "devil" interfered with tbo 
chronology. St. Swrruix. 

Bristol Slant: Ships, their Ow>-ers xxd 
C.tPTAiNs. — Popular opinion thronghwt 
America haa always attributed to tbeknciot 
EnglisI) town of Bristol the long-oontinoed 
as well as the ori^nal plantiiiK of the negro 
race on our American soil. NN'hat lists, may 
I be permitted to ask, MS. or printed, have 
been compile<l revealing the namej) of Uriatol 
slave vessels in the seventeenth and eighteen tb 
centuries, including the names of their owners 
and sailing masters, also the names of the 
mercantile firms of Bristol engaged in the 
slave business 1 J. Q, C. 

Boston, V.S. 

Sir Harry Vane.— What portrait is c5on- 
sidered to be the best of Sir Harry Vane the 
Younger? O. T. 

GwYNKTH. — I shall be very much obliged 
if any of your readers can tell me the correct 
spelling of the Welsh name Qwyneth or 
(jwynydd, and the meaning thereof. 

[See 9* S. U. 109. 319, 372, 479.] 

Bayly or Baily of Hall Place 

BiDEKORD.— Can any reader give me infbr- 
mation about a Col. Michael Bayly or Bally, 
an East Indian officer, living alwut 1770, 
probably born about 1710? His grandsoa 
Dr. Wm. Bayly I'pton, of Cashel, quartered 
for Bayly tlieso arms : Or, on a fesse en- 
grailed between three nags' heads erased 
azure as many fleurs-de-lysof tiie first. I find 
these arms were borne by Baily of Uall 
Place, Leigh, Kent. But in Burkes ' Landed 
Gentry '(third edition) the only linea«eof this 
family given is that Farmer Baily, Ktq., was 
father of Thomas Farmer Baily, b. 1823. The 
same arms, however. I find were borne by 
Sir Henry Bayly, Knight of Hanover, second 
son of Zachariah Bayly, Esq., of Bideford. 
This Sir Henry Bayly was living in 1857. t 
shall be very glad of any information aboat 
these Baylys. W. P. ITpxoN, 

73, Bignor .Street, Cheetham Hill, Manchester. 

'Times' Cohkespoxdents is Hunoary. — 
According to Henuingsen, the author of the 
pamphlet 'Kossuth and the Titnti,' the corre- 
spondents of this paper during the Hungarian 

war of independence were "a Mr. R , a 

person named Bird, a ^Ir. Paton, and a Mr. 
Cliarles Pridbam." Can anybody kindly give 

me the full name of ilr. R ? A. A. Paton 

and Charles Pridham have published their 
experiences in book form. Among the Aaa- 

lOtt^B. IL Aug. 6, 190*.] 



trian corresponrlenls, according to the same 
pamphlet, was " a certain Pazziazzi, clerk in 
the office of the secret Austrian police, who 
came over to London and publishe<l, through 
Mr. Bentley, a book called 'A Voice from 
the Danube.' " 

The laat-namerl author translated into 
German two books of Count Sz^chenyi, and 
hia name is given on the title-page of one of 
them as Michael von Paziazi. L. L. K. 

Philip Baker.— In the 'Calendar of the 
Cecil M8S.,' i. n. 1704, occurs "Baker, parson 
of W'inwick, that was provost of King's 
College in Cambridge." The MS. therein 
abstracted is undated! The 'D.N.B.,' iii. U, 
says he had gone to Louvain before 22 Feb- 
ruarv, 15C9 '70, when he was forraallj' deprived 
of the provostship. In 1577 he resided in 
the parish of St. Qiles, Cripplegate, and his 
recusancy was valued at 50/. ('S. P. Dom. 
Eliz.,' cxviii. 73). When was he rector of 
Win wick? According to Haines's 'Lanes,' 
iii. 662, Christopher 'Thomson was instituted 
on the presentation of the queen, li) March, 
\'>(S9, the living being vacant by the death 
of Tbos. Stanley, Bishop of Sodor ; and John 
Coldwell was iuHtituted 7 Jan., 1575, on the 
presentation of Henry, Earl of Derby, on 
the death of the last incumbent, so that it 
is not easy to see where Philip Baker came 
in. John B. Wainewbight. 

Saucy English Poet.— At the end of 
chap, xxxii. of ' Waverley ' Sir Walter Scott 
writes that Capt, Waverley 
" likeg no poetry bitt what is liumoroiu, and coniei 
io Kood time to interrupt my loni; catalogue of the 
tribei, whom one of your saucy Enghah i>oeti calls 
|L Our booties* host of highborn lieKKsrs, 

B MocLeans, MacKenzies, and Maodregora." 

^Vho is the saucy English poet? and in which 
of his poems is this pasitage to 'oe found 1 

James Watson. 

"Esquire" in Scotland.— Mr. Fox-Da vies, 
in 'Armorial Families,' divides gentlemen 
into two classes— "gentlemen "an<l"e8auires." 
He sends to Scotsmen " Information iorms " 
drawn up ostensibly to suit Scotch law, on 
which it IS asked whether he who fills up the 
form " claims to be an esquire." In the 
margin "Esquires'" are defined according to 
the well-known list given by Camden and 
other English heraldic writers. Is it not the 
case that the word " esquire " is used in 
Scotland projjerly of any gentleman not in 
the state of knighthood, and that every 
Scottish "gentlemau" may "claim to be an 
esquire"} C. K. 

(10'" S. ii. (il.) 

The information received up to this point 
has greatly advanced the question chrono- 
logically and topographically. " Aber- 
gavenny's Pike" is identified as the conical 
hill near Abergavenny, now called the Sugar- 
loaf. " Cam's Pike " appears to be Grose's 
appellation for what is now known as Cam 
Peak, in the (Jrdnance maps Peaked Down, a 
peaked outlier of theCotswolds, near Dursley, 
in Gloucestershire. As to Aubrey's curious 
reference to "Clayhill, not far from War- 
minster, and Copi-ip, about a quarter of a 
mile there," as " pikes or vulcanos," no in- 
formation has been received. Is there no 
Wiltshire reader of ' N. it Q.' who can tell us 
about these ? 

Mr. W. H. Hills, of Grasmere, has sent a 
list of thirty-one examples of pike iu the 
names of hills or peaks in the Lake district. 
Three examples are sent from Yorkshire, and 
statements have been received from North- 
umberland and Durham. It appears also 
that the name crosses the Border, and that 
there are several Scottish "pikes" in the 
border counties of lloxburgh, Dumfries, and 
Selkirk. Tliere are believed to be no 
examples in Derbyshire, and none have been 
reported from Cheshire. 

As to chronology, the important fact is 
pointed out by Mr. A. H. Arkle, of Oxton, 
Birkenhead, that Rivington Pike, foimerl;yr 
Ryven Pyke, in Central Lancashire, is 
mentioned in Leland's 'Itinerary' of r. 1549; 
and as this was a beacon hill, and an 
important landmark from the Irish Sea, its 
name occurs continually from Elizabethan 
timas onward. Its mention by Leland is 
most important, because the date is earlier 
than the first known English mention of the 
Pike of Teneriffe, and confirms my opinion 
that the native " pikes " of England are not 
thence derived. 

Mr. Harper Gaythorpe also rejwrts the 
occurrence of Rivenpike Hill in a map of 
Ivancashire of 1577, Speed's map of 1610, and 
many later maps ; aUo of Murton Pike in 
Westmorland in a work of 1673, and of 
other Westmorland "pikes" in Morden'a 
map of 1695. 

Mr. Arkle mentions other Lancashire 
" pikes " which were beacon hills or im- 
portant landmarks from the sea, and it seems 
m some case.s that the name "pike" waa 
primarily applied to the natural rocky 
aiunmit or artificial cairn or beacon itself. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- 8. u. Arc. a. 

Tlie chronological question is now shifted 
into finding earlier examples of "pike" to 
fill up the gap between 1400 and 1550, as 
there is no longer any doubt of the name 
being in common local use from the latter 
date. Light upon the Wiltshire "pikes or 
vulcanos" of Aubrey is much to be desired. 
J. A. H. Mdkeay. 

Bateman, in his 'Ten Years' Diggings,' 1861, 

L157, says, "We examined a tumulus at Pike 
iw, between the villages of Waterhouse and 
Waterfall, which had likewise been destroyed 
by Urae burning." This was in Staffordshire, 
lliere is another Pike Low on the summit of 
a moor about a mile to the north of Derwont 
Chapel, in Derbyshire. These are certainly 
old names. The pinnacles on Oastleton 
Church, in that county, are called pike*; see 
my account of ' Garland Day at Castleton ' 
in Folk-lore, xii. 410, and the photograph there 
showing the garland fixed on one of the viket. 
My acquaintance with the topography of 
Derbysaire is extensive, but I cannot remem- 
ber a single local name ending in -juke. 
There is a place called Pig-tor, near Buxton. 
Two large fields in South Leverton, Notts, 
are known as Top Pikesiiipe and Low Pike- 
snipe, reminding us of Mr. Pecksniff in 
' Martin Chuzzlewit.' Possibly pikeMijie is 
equivalent in meaning to gore, a pointed or 
triangular niece of land. There is a field 
called Peck Nooking at Holbeck, in the parish 
of Cuckney, Notts. Lists of field -names 
from dee<)s and other sources would show an 
abundance of pikes and peck^. S. O. Addy. 

"Cam's Pike" is no doubt what is locally 
known as Cam Peak : a remarkable conical 
hill, terminating a detached spur of the 
Cotswolds, in the parish of Cam, adjoining 
Dursley, Qloucestershire. 

R. E. Francillon. 

The Cam's Pike about which Dr. Mheray 
inquires (if in Gloucestershire, as he sur- 
mises) is, no doubt. Cam Peak, which is a 
perfectly conical hill about one mile from 
Dursley and half a mile from the village of 
Cam, taking its name from the latter. Both 
on the old and the new Ordnance Survey 
maps it appears as Peake<l Down, but is 
better known locally as Cam l^eak or Picky 

If the Editor is in an indulgent mood, and 
will allow me to be discursive, I should much 
like to add that the hill is peculiar in de- 
parting from the long, flat-topped, limestone 
formation of its numerous neighbours which 
contribute to the lovely scenery of this out- 
lying district of the Cotswolds, being but a 

huge heap of sandy soil, apparently depoaitcd 
by a swirling eddy of waters. An oki lamDd 
explains its presence otherwise, rating no* 
the Devil, on his way to dam t'^i* ^"-pni, 
found the distance trying, and. b[i 

his load in a fit of disgust, formed ...^ ....I. 
Cbas. Giluhax. 
Churoh Fields, Salisbury. 

In Major's prettily illustrated editioa of I 
Walton's 'Complete .\ngler.' datMl 1S24, M«J 
three engravings depicting Piko Pool on tb*| 
river Dove, of which it is said : — 

"' /"iV. Why, sir, from that Pike, that yon M 
ataudiiiE up there diatant from the rock, thU U 
called Pike PooL"— P. 312. 

An incut note on the same page obser-rea ; 

" 'Tis a rock in the fashion of a s^iire-steeule, aad I 
almoit ai big. It itandi in the midst of r ri(> rirer J 
Dove ; and not far from Mr. Cotton's 
which place ibis delicate river takea i; 

betwixt many miftbty rocks, much higl^u. .., ; 

than 8t. Paul's church before 'twas bnmt. 
this Dove, being opposed by one of the hightl 
them, has, at last, forced iuelf a way throu| ' 
and after a mile's concealment api>eara ng&in 
more glory and lieauty than before that opnual 

running through the most iileasknt valleya 

most fruitful meadows that inis nation caa JitcU; 
boast of." 


DisRAEU o.s Gladstone (10"" S. ii. e7)t- 
My memory brings back clearly the i.. 
on which Disraeli (then Earl of Beac. 
marie the utterance concerning GluuHtotiej 
It was at the ban()uet at the Biditig-Schoof 
given to Disraeli on 27 July, 1878. An" 
account will be found in the 'Annual 
Register' of that year, p. 96. Aiud. 

1878 was certainly the year in which Uw 
words you quote were used by Ix)rd Beacona-J 
field at a banquet given to him and Lor~ 
Salisbury on their return from Berlin. Tb< 
lato Duke of Bucclcuch presided at it. 
picture of it appeared in the Graiihic, show^ 
mg Lord Beaconsfield in the act oi speaking,] 
and the words in question below. 

F. E. li. Pollard-Ub(jdhakt. 

Craigtfon Castle, Turritr, N.Ii. 

See the niustraUd London Neips dat 
Saturday, 3 August, 1878, p. 99. H. J. B. 
[Other replies acknowledged.] 

Latin Quotations (lO"" S. i. 188, 297. 437. 
—4. "Sentis ut sapiens, loqueris ut volgoi 
(Aristotle)." Cf. Ascham, ' The Scholemaster, 
p. 155 (Arber). " folowine carofullio that good I 
councell of Aristotle, lo/puiulum vt multi^\ 
iiipiendum vt /mufi." Aschaoi gives the wordu 
as Sir John Cheke's. Prof. J. E. B. MatorJ 
asked for the source of "loquendum pauci ' 


io»8.ii.Au«.8.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


*t 3"" S. i. 89. I am unable to refer to liis 
annotated edition of Ancham's book. 

28. " Scientia non habet inimicura prseter 
ipnorantem." See Gilbertua Cognatus, Ada- 
giorum o-i'A.Aoyr), under " iKuorantiascientiie 
inimica," p. 304 of the ' Adagia,' ed. by J. J. 
<irynieu8(ie29h "Galli prouerbialiter dicunt: 
Scientiam habere inirnicum igaorantem." 
Biichmann ('Oettiigelfce Worte,' tenth ed., 
p. 225— this part is omitted in the twentieth 
ed.) sav8 : "Indes Tunnicius altester nieder- 
deutsciier Sprichwortersammlung lautet die 
Lateinische Uebersetzung des 1212. iSpruches: 
Ignariu taotuni prieclaraa oderit artefi." 

31. "Deorum sunt omnia." See Erasmus, 
* Adagia,' «.t).'Amicitia,' p. 42 (1629), where 
under '* Amicorum communia omnia " we 

•"ead "Ta riav if'^Xutv Koii>a Ex hoc pro- 

uerbio Socrates coUigebat omnia bonorum 
esse virorum non socus quam deorum. 
Deorum, intuit, sunt omnia." 

34. "Ibi incipit fides, ubi deainit ratio." 
Cf. John of Salisbury, ' Policraticus,' vii. 7, 
*' Vt enim sacramentis, vbi ratio deficit, ad- 
hibeatur fides, multis bencficiig, niagnisque 
miraculis promeruit Christus" (p. 365, ed. 
1595). Edward Ben sly. 

The Univenity, Adelaide, !S. Australia. 

Benbow (10"' S. ii. 29).— A correspondent 
stated at e"- S. ix. 175 that '' Vice- Admiral 
Benbow left many sons, all of whom died 
without issue ; his two surviving daughters 
consequently became co-heiresses ; the eldest 
of theiie married Paul Calton, Esq., of Milton, 
near Abingdon, co. Berks." Another corre- 
spondent said at 7"" S. x. 4 that Catharine, 
the jioungcst daughter, married Paul Calton 
at St. Peter's, Cornhill, on 23 July, 1723, to 
whom a son was born, and baptized Benbow 
Calton at Milton on 15 December, 1726. 
^» EvERARD Home Coleman. 

^B County Tales (lO"- S. i. 605).— A similar 
^Ktory to that of the Maj'or of Grimsby is told 
^pof one of tlie bailiflfs (by courtesy mayors) of 
Pevensey. Having received a royal procla- 
mation against the unlawful firing of beacons 
with intent needlessly to alarm tlie district, 
the mayor apprehended an old woman whom 
he accidentally found frying some bacon for 
her husband's dinner. Among other stories 
told of these officials is one of a certain 
rnayor, who one day, engaged in thatching 
Lis pigstye, had brought to him a letter of 
some importance. Putting on his spectacles, 
he broke the seal, and endeavoured to glean 
its contents by {lerusing the mi8.sive upside 
down. The messenger, with all due respect, 
suggesting that it would be hotter to read the 
letter in the way common among people of 

inferior rank, was cut short by the reply, 
"Hold your tongue, sir; for, while I am 
Mayor of Pemsey, I '11 hold a letter which 
eend uppards I like." But the greatest and 
the standing jest against the municipality of 
Pevensey is that which charges the bailiff 
and jurats with having found a person who 
liad stolen a pair of leather breeches guilty 
of manslaughter. Mr. M. A. Lower, who 
gives these stories in his 'Chronicles of 
Pevensey,' says thev probably originated 
from "that celebrated townsman of Pevensey, 
Andrew Borde, the greatest of Merry 
Andrews," who was a native of Sussex. 

John Patching. 

An old newspaper cutting thus refers to 
Folkestone : — 

"I have read somewhere that in days of old 
Folkestone Town had for its Mayor a gentleman 
who rejoiced in the Christian name of 'Steady.' 
Bumame Baker. On one oocaaion Mayor Steady 
Baker ha<l brought before him a boy charged with 
stealing gooseberries ; he was canght in the act, 
with Rome of the frnita of his venture on hia person, 
and these were produced in Court. After bearing 
and weighing the evidenue. Mayor Baker took 
down from the shelf Burn's ' Justice' and such other 
legal compilations as were within his reach, and 
having iiored over them, he closed the books and 
thus addressed the prisoner: 'Boy, it's a lucky 
jawb you are not brought utj for stealing a goose, 
lor if you had abin I i*houm have had no bounds 
but to give you a sixer at Dover. I don'l see any- 
thing about gooseberries, so it's no olfence. The 
goga are youm, and you leave the Court without a 
stain on your karacktur.'" 

In a book published by T. Rigden, Dover, 
1852, it is stated that 

"it would be idle to collect the many other jokes 
which are related against Folkestone men— such as 
their setting fish nets round the town to catch the 
smalliiox, and then drown it at once in the sea ; 
planting beefsteaks to grow young bullocks ; throw- 
ing sviarrows from the church steeple to break their 
necks ; and their pu7./.ling their brains for a month 
to lind a rhyme for ' Folkestone Cliurch,' when all 
the Mayor could hit upon was—' Knives and Forks," 
or a thousand other like uutmllui. They are a plain 
honest people, much like the other Kentish men, 
and seem to owe these jokes a^inst them to the 
maliciousness of wit which discovered that the 
anagram of ' Folkstone ' made ' Kent Fouls,' rather 
than to any individuality of character." 

R. J. Fynmobe. 

"There was a man" (10"' S. i. 227, 377, 
474). — I well know the nur.sery rime in ques- 
tion, and first heard it at least forty years 
ago — probably in Kent, although I do not 
think its use was confineil to any particular 
part of the country. My version agrees 
pretty closely with that or Mr. H. Sirr at 
the last reference. If there be any moral 
attached, it is probably that stated by him. 
or, in other words, "keep your promises." 



[10* S. II. Aco. 0. I 

I have, however, always regarded the lines 
as one of the " nousense verses " repeated by 
mothem and nurses for the amuwinent of 
young children. I remember hearing from 
my father that a money-lender (Ismay, the 
Mde-Knd miser, 1 believe) quoted the Brst 
two lines, 

A man of words, and not of deeds. 

Is like B garden full of weeda, 
by way of rebuke, to a pei-son who had failed 
to repay him at a date agreed upon. Possibly 
in that case it had a double meaning, as 
referring to a loan upon mere personal 
security without note of hand or deposit of 
deeds, Ac. W. L R. V. 

Desecrated Fonts (10'" S. i. 488).— An old- 
time font is to be found in the churchyard 
of Patterdale, in Westmorland. This I made 
the subject of a sonnet in my ' Sonnets of 
Lakeland ' a dozen years ago. 

The disused font from the parish church of 
Burtonwood, in Lancashire, is now used as a 
flower vase in an adjoining garden. 

On 5 April of last year, whilst rambling 
through the old churchyard at Thornton, 
near this city, I discovered what at first 
apiJeared to be the fragment of a broken 
cross. With the aid of the sexton and a 
couple of gentlemen it was unearthed and 
set up, and, to our surprise and pleasure, we 
founa that it was an old font, in an abso- 
[lutely perfect state of preservation. It con- 
ftained the following inscription, the eugrav- 
; being almost as clear as on the day it 
ras first cut :— " Michael Bentley and Jonas 
Dobson, churchwardens, 1687." 

One of the most prominent of Bradford's 
historians, Mr. William Scruton, is the 
author of a valuable volume entitled 'Thorn- 
ton and the Brontes,' and ia this work he 
writes : — 

"The old font in which all the Bronti- children, 
except Mikria, thu ehlest, wore baptized has been 
removed to the new church, and placed in a position 
worthy of the great interest attaching to it. ' 

I consider the font I found in the church- 
ward to be the one far more likely to have 
oeen used during the incumbency of the Rev. 
Patrick Brontt- than the one now in the new 
church ; but, whether it is or not, it should 
certainly be removed to the inside of the new 

A picturesque illustration of an old font is 
given ou p. 15H of Hone's 'Table Book 'for 
18.30, with the following comment :— 

"Soum vaan wta iho fine old font of the ancient 
|«ruh ' -' 'M- T I ill waa torn from 

tiwt f • :a\ the roads with. 

Thefe. ' the honour of the 

MSaa fciuaie) wcco uutraged l>y (hit aot of parochial 

vaadaliam, and the was allowed U> i>iu » »i> > it I 
destruction and place it in n walled nook at Xh» 
Karden front uf ner bouse, -. i vmaiat. 

Ky herohligiMg ]>ermissiou > igiiA 

the summer before last, an:. . -..„... -.1 «l»««i. 
On the exclusion of Harrow font from Itto chnich, 
the (larish olKoers put up the marblo waob-baad- 
baain-staiid'lixikinR-thinK which now oocupkw Ht 
place, iuticribeii with the names of the oiumb- 
wardcns during whoso reign venality or atutiMHj 
effected the removal of its predecessor. If tbers n 
any pentonB in that parish who either vcDertls 
antiquity, or desire to see 'right things in ti/jU 
places,' It is jtoasible that, by a spirited i (iiinnsiils 
tiou, they may arouse the indifferent and aaaBtoUw 
ignorant to an intercliangu ; and force an exprvanea 
of public thanks to the lady whose good Xmmvo aial 
care enabled it lo be etTecleii. The relativeaii 
and niiaapprov>riation of each font is a stain 
the parish, easily removable by eniploviuL: 
men and a few |>ounda to clap the r»i! ikt 

under the spout uf the gooa ladys .,,4 

restore the original from that degrading <ici9i.i»ai.iaa 
to its rightful dignity in the church." 

It would be interesting to know if this old 
font has been replaced in Harrow Church. 

I could inundate the valuable paces of 
' N. lb Q.' with similar instances of sacrilege ; 
but perhaps the above will sulhce for too 
present. Chas. F. Forshaw, IjI*D. 

Baltimore House, Bradford. 

A series of articles on the ancient fonts of 
Hertfordshire is appearing monthly iu tho 
I/erljoniMre Merniri/. Five or six desecr&ted 
fonts have already been mentioned. 

In the Builder of 14 September, 1895, it is 
staterl in 'Notes on Ipswich' that during 
excavations in the town ditch the retn&ina 
of a Norman font were discovered. 

In Knight's 'Old England,' vol. i. fig. 1306^ 
is an illustration of the broken base of m 
Perpendicular font, formerly in Stratford -on- 
Avou Church. 

In Dr. Cox's 'Churches of Derbyshire 
several instances of desecrated fonts are lucu- 
tioned. Matilda Pollakd. 

Belle Vue, Bengeo. 

In July last year I saw lying in the churcb- 
yard of Polwarth, Berwickshire, a NornoMi 
font. W. D. Macbay. 

About twelve years ago, at Sileby, in Lei- 
cestershire, I was shown a Saxon font which 
the vicar had recently rescued from a l.i.-j>I 
farmer, who had been using it as a pig ti 
The vicar had it set up in nis private rhi 

W. T. H. 

For a good instance I would refer Ml_ 
Pack to the case of the font at the pn~ 
Norman church of Deerhurst, Gloucester- 
shire, which wsLs long used as a waj<hiiig-tab 
in a neighbouring farm. In I84.'< it 
removed to the church of Longdon, Wa 


10* 8. iL Ar«. 6. 190*.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


tershire, where it romained and was used as 
a font for twenty-five years. Finally, the 
stem was found near the Severn, and then 
the font was restored to Deerhurst. See 
' Deerhurst,' by Rev. G. Butterworth, second 
^ed., 1890, pp. 115 tt teij. W. Crookb. 

V WniTTY Trke rio^'' S. i. 4(!9). — This is 
■ possibly one of the many variants of the 
W whitten-tree, witch-tree, mountain ash, or 
[ rowan-tree, also called witchen-tree, witch- 
I bane (i'i««=harm, Anglo-Saxon bamt, a mur- 
I tlerer), witch-wood, wise-tree, wickersbury, 
quickenberry, wicky, quicken- tree, quick- 
beam, whighen-tree, wiggen, wild ash, wild- 
service, mountain-service, bird-service, wild 
sorb, and fowlers' service-tree, because the 
berries are used by fowlers, whence it derives 
its specific name J'^/^nis avcujtai-ia, from the 
Latin aucepn, a fowler. The word "ser\nce," 
however, has nothing to do with the?ts< of the 
fruit, nor with the ordinary sense of that word, 
but is from the Latin certvitui or cervitia, beer, 
the berries of all the group having once been 
largely used in browing. Place-names like 
Wliitty-Tree occur in Mountain Ash in Wales; 
Thirsk, from the Norse Thor and u»kr, an 
ash-tree ; Ashiesteel (Melrose), which is 
thought to be the "place of the ash-trees," 
from the O.E. ttmll, itcel, a place, then the 
stall of a stable (J. B. Johnston's ' Place- 
names of Scotland '} ; I.Asham in Ilarop.shire; 
and Witchingham in Norfolk = Wiccaii-liam, 
the witch's village, or the village near some 
(supposed) Iwwitched tree (Flavell Edmunds's 
' Traces of History in the Names of Places '). 
The hundred of Brocash, in Herefordshire, 
was so called from a great ash under which 
meetings of the hundred were held (Nash's 
' Hist, of Worcestershire,' vol. i. p. lix). While, 
as is well known, hwit is the Anglo-Saxon 
for white, as Whitchurch, Hants, this sense 
in Whitty-Tree would apjjcar to be meaning- 
less. J, HOLDEN MacMuHAKL. 

Documents in Secret Drawees (W S. i. 
427, 474).— A singular instance of the dis- 
covery of a secret drawer happened to a 
cousin of mine now dead. He hat! not long 
left school, and was residing with his father, 
whose old house and estate had been possessed 
by the family through succeasive generations 
from 1300. The estate not having Iwen 
mortgaged, the title-deeds and family papers 
of the owners had been kept in an ancient 
oak muniment chest from time immemorial. 
The chest was deep and massive ; the bottom 
of it slightly raised at each corner from the 
ground. My cousin at the time I mention 
had been trying to deciplier some of the 
dooumentti in the chest which had interested 

him. Not being an early riser, lie often 
noticed the chest, which stood in his bed- 
room. From frequent examinations as he 
lay in bed before getting up, he became 
convinced that there was more space in the 
chest than he was acquainted with. After 
some days of persevering search he found at 
the bottom of the chest a secret drawer, 
which opened from the outside, but so 
ingeniously concealed that it had escaped 
discovery since the time of the Civil Wars. 
The secret drawer, when opened, was found 
to contain some deeds and lamily documents, 
some old trinkets, a pair of old-fashioned 
gauntlet gloves, and an ancient snuff-box, 
probably belonging to the Royalist ancestor 
who placed the relics in the secret drawer. 
A portrait in profile of Charles L, in silvei', 
adorned the snuff-box lid. There were some 
other relics which at this period of time I do 
not remember. Hubert Smith. 

Brooklyoue, Leamington Spa. 

A few years ago a Bull of Pope Nicolas V., 
settling some disputes among the religious 
orders in Spain, was discovered in a secret 
drawer in a beautifully carved medii«val 
wooden cabinet, which was soon after ex- 
ported, unluckily, to Mexico. The text of 
the Bull, which had lain hidden and forgotten 
for over four hundred years, was published 
in the BoUtin of the Real Acaderaia de la 
Historia of Madrid ; but it was not pointed 
out whether the document had been writtea 
in Rome, or whether it was a copy made by 
a Spanish scribe. E. S. DoDuaoN. 

Thomas Pigott (lO* S. i. 489).— In a little 
naniphtet published this year, 'Parishes of 
Mountmt>lhck and Rosenallis,' compiled by 
W. li., B.D., M.R.I.A., among the rectors ia 
given the name of 'Thomas Pigott, " 1812, 
Jan. 20th, instituted, B.A.Dublin Oct., 1791, 
youngest son of Thomas Pigott, of Knapton, 

gueen's Co.. and brother to Sir (leorge Pigott, 
aronet; died in 1834." The Rev. Peter 
Westenra (married to Elizabeth Pigott) is 
given in a list of Rosenallis curates in 17G6, 
but must have resigned in 1780, as the 
Rev. John Baldwin (sen.) was appointed that 
year. The old name of the conjoint parishes 
of Rosenallis and Mountmellick was Oregan. 
Near where I write this there is a ruined 
building, destroyed by fire, I believe, about 
fifty years ago — Kilcavan House. The laud 
was sold by a Mr. Pigott a few years ago. 

Frascesca. the BorNDs : its Origin (10"" S, 
i. 489). — The Rogation processions (thre* 
days before Ascension Day, and following 
Rogation Sunday) were instituted by 


NOTES AND QUERIES. wr- s. n. m-.. ... i 

Maraertus, Bishop of Vienne, who first 
ordered them to be observed about the 
middle of the fifth century, when the city 
of Vienne, in Dauphine, was greatly injured 
by earthquakes, and the royal palace 
destroyed by lightning (Gregory of Tours, 
in his ' History of the Franks,' ii. 34, and 
Le Cointe's 'Ecclesiastical Annals of France,' 
1665, p. 285). The spiritual benefits accruing 
.to this observance suggeate<l to other bishops 
its use, and it became an annual institution 
of the Church. 

The secular perambulation of the parish 
boundaries, with its accompanying bump- 
iogs and castigations, appears to have been 
derived from the festivals of Terminus called 
Tertainalia, when the worship of the Roman 
god of territorial bounds and limits was 
celebrated always in the open air— even his 
temple being open at the top— the peasants 
crowning the landmarks with garlands, and 
cSering libations of milk and wine, with the 
sacrifice of a lamb or young pig. These 
libations may be said to survive as part and 
parcel of the present custom of beating tho 
Douads, especially a.s it occurs triennially 
at the Tower of London, where, towards the 
end of the ceremony in 1807, a long table was 
set out with buns, and sundry assortments of 
the wines that are red. Perhaps it was at 
tho Reformation that the religious features 
of the ceremony were relinquished. As to 
the bumpings and beatings, these were 
evidently intended as aids to the memory, 
and prooably some similar form was gone 
through in the ceremonies peculiar to the 
worship of Terminus, the god of boundaries — 
a worship said to have been instituted by 
Numa, who ordered that every one should 
signify the confines of his landed estate 
by boundary stones consecrated to Jupiter, 
upon which sacrifices were offered annually. 
Can it therefore be that the whippings and 
bumpings were substitutes for tho non- 
Christian sacrifice of Roman Britain? And 
why were, and are, willon'-wa.Tids so often 
used ■( With regard to the Roman boundary- 
marks of stone, it is further remarkable that 
it is the stone posts in the river that are 
bumped by the Court of the Watermen's 
Company of the City of London, when the 
beadles subject the Worshipful Master of the 
Company to this ordeal, the utility of which 
can only be justified by the consideration 
that the exact locality of the stones was 
probably rendered leas transient in the 
memory of the victim than the bruises 
occasioned by the impact. 

Tho custom of bumping, or beating the 
bounds, survives alao, to thia day, in the 

parish of St. Andrew I'adersh.'i ' 
and in the Royal Manor of Du, 
following, from Bishop Gibson's ' Co<ltiX.Iutw 
Ecclesiastici An^licani,' 17Q1, vol. i. p^ WS, 
would seem to indicate that the peooUsitr 
religious aspect of the processions was mb(». 
gated by Queen Elizabeth, ur, at all evenly 
the peculiarly Catholic aspect of them : — 

"In our Lilunty. there is ! ilw ScniM 

ajipointeii for the Roeattou t tbeir ■• 

I'our Homilies, niwciafiy prov; ic r«at) wilk 

the ordinarv Service, oo the I'hree l>ay« befai^ 

ami on the Fourth, namely, Aicensinn. or tj>« htf 

of Perambulation : and in the Injtii; 

Elizabeth, irhrrt Prori^^ioii' >i» 

reservation made for I'erambulatioi. 

Tliat the Curate in the eaid common i 

tion» (used heretofore in the l>av« of l! 

certain convenient places, fhall Aiin 

Peoi«lo toijive Thanks to Hod, in the I • 

God ■ Benetits, for the increa-oe and ali . , ., 

his frnita upon the face of the ICarth." 


An answer to this query will be found in 
any of the following popular worka. which 
are easy of access : Brand's ' Popalai 
Antiquities,' i. 123 ; Chambers's ' Bcv»u- .-if 
Day8,'i. 582-5 ; All the Year Huttrul, 1 .S. 
3iX) ; 2 S. xxviii. 443. The iVovl/tam/iUiH li 
II July, 1903, contains an account frotu very 
early days, under the title 'Lore of toe 
Church,' by your esteemed correspondent 
Mr. J. T. PAr.E, which gives a list of plaoM 
where the custom is, or was recently observed. 

See also 3"' S. vi. ; 5* S. vii., viii. ; e"- S. iii. ; 
8"' S. ii. EvERAHD Home Colemas. 

71, lirecknock Road. 

'Die and be Damned' (10^" S. i. 328, 481), 
—In the first number of the Xewcastle Chro- 
nicle, bearing the date 24 March, 1764, is » 
long advertisement of books on sale by the 
i)ublisher3, and among them are two by Mr. 
Mortimer— 'Die and be Damned ' and another 
—as follows : — 

Very necessary to be read by those who havei, 
or wlio intend to in veat their Projierty in the FuDda, 
or to Purchase Tickets, Shares or Chancee in tbo 
present Lottery. 

This Day ispublishcd io a neat Pocket Volume. 
Price sewed Two Shillinns, a New Edilioii, l*inft 
the Fifth, with great improvement*, of ' T 
His Own Broker: Or a (iuide to K.xoh 
In which the Nature of the several Fuih 
called tho Stocks, is clearly explained: .■\i. 
Mystery and Iniuiiity of Stock-.lobbinE laid i 
the Public in a New and Importiall, ' " 
the Method of Tranaferrinp Stock, of 
annual Supplies Rranted by Parliament 
of subscribinK and of buyinu and aellini; ^ 
Receipts, of buying and sellini; India llui 
Ticket*, Life Annuities, and other i..i%v-iii.nrii'. 
Securities, without the Aasittance of a Broker, ia 
made intelligible to the Meanest Capacity : and i 
Account ii given of the Laws in Force relative { 


10*8.11. An.^(U904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


£rokera, Clerka at the Bank, kc. A Table, for the 
Benefit of tliose M'ho live in the Country, shewing 
the Daj's and Houni of transferring the different 
Sta ka and Aanuitieti, and the Time of payioK the 
|ini'lend»: Also, a new Table of lntere»t, calcu- 
l:iii:d at o ]>er Cent., for the Use of the present 
proprietors of India Bonds. To which is added an 
Api>endix, giving a full Account of Banking and of 
the .Sinkiag Fund ; and a new Table which exhibits 
at one View the intrinsic Value \iet Cent, of the 
several public Fuiula, and the Proportion they bear 
to each other, and what Proportion such Purchase 
bears to the Value of Lauded Katatea and Life 

Bv Mr. Mortimer. 
Quid fafiuHt legr.^, ti/ii sola iieeunia regnant. 

London : Printed for S. Hoo|ier, of Caisar's Head, 
the Comer of the New Church in the fStraod ; and 
sold by R. Aketihead, T. Slack, J. Barber, \V. 
Charnley, iind.I. Fleming, Books«llera, in Newcastle; 
and by all Booksellers in Great Britain and Ireland. 

Of whom may be had, by the same Author, A 
new Edition, beuig the Fourth, of 


(Price One Shilling.) 
About these Newcastle booksellers it may 
be interesting to some collector if I add that 
T. Slack was the founder of the A'ewcastle 
C/troniclf, and that J. (Jo.seph) Barber was 
the great-graudfather of Joseph Barber Light- 
foot, Bishop of Durham from 1879 to IS89. 
Richard Welfokd. 

B0HNEY (lO* 8. i. 489 ; ii. 13).— Bunny is 
the name of a parish in Nottinghamshire. 
I have lately heard that rabbits are so 
numerous in "Bunny Park, that when it was 
the scene of a military encampmeut those 
little animals ran over the bodies of the men 
sleeping in the tents, and their burrows 
added something to the dangers of the 
campaign. I hasten to say that I do not 
believe that this fact gives any etymological 
<lue; neither do I regard with favour the 
teaching of an epitaph whicli is, or was, in 
York Minst«r, tbougb my incredulity may 
be misplaced : — 

Hffio lenia Edmundi Bunne est ijuem ceruis imo^to, 
A QUO Bunnii'i villula nonieu hiil>et. 
^m Drake, p. ftO ; Uent, p. 108. 

^^■1 English the gentleman's surname was 
^^Bnnny, and he was at some time rector of 
I Bolton Percy. St. Swituin. 

^H^Dr. Joyce, in his ' Irish Place-names,' gives 

^^(N=the bottom or end of anything. It is 

rvery often applied to the end, that is the 

tnouth, of a river, as in Bunnyconnellan, 

Bunnynubber. Perhaps the children's name 

for a rabbit, bminij, is derived from the 

burrows or holes from which it emerges, as I 

have heard children call it both bunny-rabbit 

and bunnypuss. A local name for snapdragon 

is bunny-mouth. Red Cross. 

Jirading, 1. \V. 

Winchester College Visitation, 1559 
(10"* S. ii. 45).— The Act of Uniformity 
(1 Eliz. c. '2) came into force on 24 June, 
1539, and we know something of what there- 
upon happened at Winchester from at least 
two sources. 

1. On S7 June, Bishop Quadra wrote to 
the King of Spain a letter containing this 
statement : — 

"The news is that in the neighbourhood of 
Winchester they have refused to receive the 
church service book, which is the olhce which 
these heretics have made uj), and the clergy of the 
diocese have auembled to discuss what they should 
do. No mass was being said, whereat the congre- 
gations were very ilisturbed." — 'Calendar of 
Spanish State Papers, Kliz., 15oK-67,' p. 79. 

2. Further particulars are supplied by a 
letter which the Marquis of Wiuctiester sent 
to Sir William Cecil on 30 June (' St. P., Dom.. 
Eliz.,' vol. iv. No. 72; 'Calendar, 1547-80,' 
p. 133). The original letter begins thus : — 

" After my right hearty commendations this 
friday mornynge I nent you my son St. John's 
letter sent me ^om Uam[>shire with other writings 
made by the Dean and Canons of the Cathedrall 
church and from the Warden and Fellows of the 
now College and from the M' of Seintcroase, 
Whereby it appearcth they leave their services 
and enter no new, by cause it is against their 
conscience as it appeareth by their writings; 
wheryn order must be taken with letters." 

The rest of this letter shows the Marquis's 
desire that the matter should bo dealt with 
by the Privy Council early in the following 
week. Unfortunately the register of the 
acts of the Council between 12 May, 1659, 
and 28 May, 1562, is missing. (See 'The 
Acts," N.S. vol. vii. p. 104.) It seems likely 
enough, however, that the Council took action, 
in consequence of which some of the cathe- 
dral and college authorities, including Warden 
Stempe, were committed to the 'rower of 
London, and that he and others obtained 
their release on 25 July, as recorded in 
ilachyn's ' Diarj',' by promises to obey the 
Act of Uniformity. It this be what really 
haprjenod, their imprisonment was not the 
work (as Mr. Wainewrigut suggests) of the 
commissioners appointed in the summer of 
1559 to visit the dioceses of Canterbury, 
Rochester, (Jhichester, and Winchester. "These 
commissioners were apparently appointed 
under the Act of Supremacy (1 Eliz., c. 1), 
but the exact date of the apooiutment has 
eluded research (see Dixon's ' History of the 
Church of England,' v. 128, 129). -Mr. 
Wainewrkjht, however, has, at any rate, 
brought to light a little -known fact, as 
Sterape's imprisonment is not mentioned 
either in Mr. Kirby's 'Annals' or in Mr. 
Leach's ' History ' of the college ; and it ia 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- s. il ai7u. 6. isu 

worthy of notice that not only Stempe, but 
his predecessors in the ofHce of Warden, John 
White, the Bishop of Winchester, and John 
Boxall, Mar^-'s Secretary of State, went to 
the Tover in the first year of Elizabeth's 
reigu. Stempe was one of the coraraissioners 
appointed in 155G to visit the diocese of 
Winchester, and one cannot therefore be sur- 
prised to loam that lie hesitated to accept 
the changes which followed Elizabeth's acces- 

The following notes may assist Mk. Waini- 
WKKiHT in his search for information about 
the Wykehamists mentioned in his list: — 

1. William Adkins died, a fellow of the 
college, on 18 December, 1561. His brass 
still remains in the college cloisters, and the 
inscription was printed at 2'"' S. ii. 195. 

2. Ihomas Crane, the fellow, was presum- 
ably Thomas Crane who compounded for the 
first fruits of Winuall Itectory, Hants, on 
1 March, l.'>r)3;4. 

3. John Durston, the fellow, compounded 
for the prebend of Bursalis, Chichester, on 
29 June, 1554. His successor, William Long- 
ford or Langford, compounded on 2 July, 

5. Nicholas Langrysshe, the fellow, is said 
(Kirby's ' Scholars,' p. 9) to have been vicar 
of East Aleon, Hants. Edward Banks, M.A., 
compounded for this vicarage 24 October, 

,1559, having been presented thereto by letters 
itent dated 13 October (Patent KoU, 1 Eliz., 
irt 1). The letters patent state that the 
k'ing was vacant by the last incumbent's 
death (name not given), and they are 
addressed to Thomas Beacon, Robert \Veston, 
and Bobert Nowell, three of the comrais- 
sionera appointed to visit the four dioceses 
mentioned above. 

6. lloger Jamys, the fellow, is said (Kirby, 

B9) to nave been rector of Bradford Peverel, 
orset (a college liWng). His name is not in 
the list of rectors in Hutchins's ' Dorset,' ii. 
538 (18(>3), but that list has a gap between 
the death of Robert Roberts (circa 1 5.'>2) and 
the institution of liobert Meaber (15G3). 

H. C. 
TROoi'ixf^ THE Colours (10"' S. ii. 49).— It 
is quite correct to speak of " Trooping the 
Colour" and "The Troop of the Colour," 
1 inasrouch as on nearly every occasion of the 
kind referred to only one colour is used. 
But " The Troop," as part of the ceremonies 
observed at the mounting of guards in a 
[garrison, is,_ historically, quite independent 
I of there beinn any colour. Military dic- 
tionaries of about the year 1705 show that 
[the "Assembly" and the "Troop" were the 
Ijtame drumbeat : and in Humphrey Bland'a 

'Military Discipline,' fourth oditiun, 1T*J, 
pp. 154-6, we find an account "f ''"• -l^^l ..."•-■> 
ceremony then performed at t 

garrison guards, in which no lu. : . 

of a colour. 
A few short extracts may be of iiiterert 7— 
"The reRiment which mouuti the Main-Tjaid 
draws up on the right of the p«ra<1e : ihe tletM^ 
tnenta nf the other reKimtMits are to draw ap meemt- 
ing to the Lot drawn for thum. The reaaon WllJ 

they draw for their i>o»ts »iipeiir» as f..ii<.ur. 

Should the regiments have a fixed i !:» 

parade, by drawing uj) constantly by .4 

regiments, llie men could then know -J 

they were to mount, and have il in tli. !> 

carry on a treacherous corresponden •* 

enemy founded on sad exiierience. i* 

guarcii are formed, the Drum-Major ^ at 

drummers are to beat the Assembly aloiin ttie ttmi 
of the guards, marching from center to right. 

thence to left, and back to center During tlit 

time the Assembly is beating, all the otliceiv ar* Uk 

draw lota for their guards When the wbcJ* 

jiarado is to be exercised together the eldest ottetr 
IS t'O jjrooeed as is directed in the Kxerninnc oft 
battalion, but to go no farther than the M ■nil 

Kxercise As soon as the Kxercise ia ovwr, Ite 

Town-Major orders the guards to march off." 

For the historical development of tJ» 
ceremonies at the mounting of guards ia 
garrisons, see also Thomas Reide's ' Present 
System of Military Discipline,' 1798, pp. 52-7; 
'The King's Regulations,' 1837, pp. 28»-92; 
' 'Standing Orders of the Garrison of Oibr»l- 
tar ' (various dates). " The Troop " at goard- 
mounting was originally the beating uf the 
"Assembly'' or "Troop" by the drummers 
along the front of the line of soldiers about 
to mount guard in a garrison. W. S. 

A detailed description of this ceremony 
will be found in the "Infantry Drill. Bv 
Authority. London, Printed for Her Majesty^ 
Stationery Office by Harrison _ & Sons, St^ 
Martin's Lane." I have the edition of 1893; 
see J). •20'i. It is too long to copy. The 
definition of the ' Century Dictionary ' u 
correct. (Dr.) G. KKUKnrai. 


Has the sense of " trooping " in this phrase 
ever been made clear 1 Does it not mean 
" drumming," i.e., saluting by beat of drum I 
One of the various druni-l>eats is called the 
"Assembly " or the "Troop," and is the signal 
for the troops to repair to the place of ren- 
dezvous, or to their colours. 


The colour, in the singular, is correct, 
because it is only the regimental colour of 
the regiment finding the garrison gunrrls 
for the day that is trooped. The actual 
manoeuvre on the word "Troop," given by 
the field officer of the day, is that the colour 

io» 8. II. Af... 0. 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



^vith it8 escort proceeds in slow time down 
tiie front atid up between the ranks of the 
guards standing at the "Present." As to 
the allegtxi oriKin, it may Ije remarked that 
the ceremonial is little tie to regimental 
oflicers. only one or two subalterns having 
to be founcf daily for guards in an English 
garrison. H. P. JL 

BDxriiER Hall Street (W'' S. ii. 28).— 
Facts, I am afraid, do not bear out the 
surmise of Mr. J. S. I'dal as to the former 
name of this thoroughfare. It was so called 
because, after the Great Fire, Rutcliers' Hall 
was erected in this street. The name King 
Edward Street, too, was bestowed up>on it 
after itho removal of Butchers' Hall to 
another site, not from any loyal or patriotic 
motive, but from its historical as.Hociation 
■with theadioining Christ's Hospital, the Ulue- 
•coat School, a foundation usually ascribed, 
not too accurately, to the munificence of 
King Edward VI. Mr. L'dal is probably 
aware that before the Fire of London 
Newgate Market was held in the centre of 
Newgate Street itself, at the north-east end, 
by Cheapside, close to Butchers' Hal] Lane, 
which street was then known as Stinking 
Lane, "on account of the nastiness of the 
place, occasionefl by the slaughter-houses in 
it." A market, especially of such a character, 
held in the open road, was objectionable in 
every way, not least owing to the liability of 
the market people to injury to life or limb 
from the ordinary tranic of the streets, 
aggravated on certain days by the herds of 
frightened cattle driven to the adjacent 
slaughter-houses; but it was not until 
13 April, 1749, that the Dean and Chapter 
of St. Paul's granted the lease of ground 
adjoining Warwick Lane, on the opposite 
(south-western) side of Newgate Street, to 
the City Fathers, for the purposes of a 
market, at a rental of Al. per year. 

4n, Holbeftch Rood, Catford, S.E. 

the east end of the Grey Friars' Church, and 
there is the Butchers' Hall" (p. 118). Simi- 
larly Blowbladder Street was so called from 
the bladders sold there (Stow). De Foe, 
however, seems to derive it from the fact that 
the_ butchers were accustomed " to blow ud 
their meat with pipes to make it look thicker 
and fatter than it waa, and were punished 
there for it by the Lord Mayor" ('Plague 
Year," ed. Brayley, p. 342). Certainly this 
was a fraudulent custom that was apparently 
well known, for in T. Adams's 'Sermons,' ii. 
141, quoted from Nichol's ' Puritan Divines,' 
1861-2, by the llev. T. L. U. Davies in his 
most instructive work 'Bible English,' 1875, 
occurs the sentence, " Wealth is the quill to 
blow up the bladder of high-mindedness.' 
I do not think there ever was a Butcher J/uil 
Lane in London. 


This laiie was never designated a street 
until a roadway was formecT for vehicular 
traffic from Newgate Street to Little Britain, 
about the year 1845. Stow (1603) says : 
" Then is Stinking-lane, so called, or Chick- 
lane, at the east end of the Grey Friars' 
Church, and there is the Butchers' HaU,' 
from which it doubtless derived its name. 
It is also given in Ogilby and Morgan's ' Map 
of London,' 1677, as "Butcher HallLane." 
EvEEARD Home (IJoleuam. 
71, Brecknock Road. 

'Road Sckapinos' (lO"" S. ii. 69).— These 
etchings are by my father, Charles Cooper 
Henderson, who always signed his drawings 
and pictures C'H'f). Q. B. He.ndebson. 

'.i. Blooiuabury Place. 

Mr. Hutchinson falls, I think, into a 
«1tght error when ho speaks of "Butcher 
Hall Street." Tlie thoroughfare was known 
as " Butcher Hall Lane" until it was changed 
to " King Edward Street," and derived its 
name from the fact that the Hall of the 
Butchers' Company wa« situated there, built 
after the Fire of Jjondon, liefore which the 
street was known as "Stinking Lane," on 
account of the "nastiness of the place, 
occasioned by the slaughter-houses in it" 
(see Thomas Allen's ' Hist, of London,' 1828, 
vol. iii. p. 573). Stow says: "Then is 
fi^iuking-lane, so called, or Chick-leme, at 

His name was Charles Henderson, and lie 
always signed his works CHq. Amongst 
the many painters of coaching scenes he is 
facile princeijs. I had the great pleasure of 
his acquaintance. His varied experience of 
coaching in its best time assisted him in 
depicting incidents in connexion with the 
road in the most masterly manner. 

Hamold Malet, Col. 

St. Ninian's Church (10"" S. ii. 68).— 
Besides the White Church at Durham, there 
appear to have been several other white 
churches that have given names to places— as 
Whitchurch, Whitkirk, &c., and Whitechapel 
in London and in Yorkshire. Is it not pretty 
certain that they were so called from being 
whitewashed, as Candida Casa may also have 
been ] One of St. Wilfrid's biographers, I 
think Eddius, speaking of the churches that 
the saint built at York, Kipon, and Hexham, 
says with reference to one or more of tliese, 
acfapting the words of the Psalmist, gupro, 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. ac«. e. 

nivem dfal(>ai'ii!. And the primitive Roman- 
esque tower at Winterton, in Lincolnshire, has 
recently been found to lie built against the 
west end of an earlier church, plastered and 
whitewashed ouuido. Specimens of the 
whitewashed plaster were exhibited by me 
at the Society of Antiquaries not long ago. 

J. T. F. 
Winterton, Doncaater. 

Milton's Sonnkt xii. (10"" S. ii. 67).— The 
legend of Latona and the rustics turned into 
frogs is given in Ovid's 'Metamorphoses,' 
sixth book, lines 331-81. Uanpt, in his note 
to line 317 of the same book, refers to Anto- 
ninus Liberalis, cap. 35, for the story. 
See other references in Wernicke's article 
* Apollon ' in ' Pauly's Encyclopaedie ' (1895), 
iv. I, 4 and 5. The allusion is explained 
also in Masson's note to this sonnet in the 
*' Golden Treasury " edition of ' Milton's 
Poetical Works." Ohem. 

[Several other oorrespondeDts thankod for 

St. Patrick at Okvibto (10"' S. i. 48, 131, 
174).— On the general question of /io:zi di S. 
Patri-io (and a goo<J many other interesting 
roattersX see a paper by Prof. Giusto Grion 
in the Propuguatore of Bologna for 1870 
(vol. iii. part i. pp. 67-149). Q. V. 

PuBLisHEKs' Catalogues (10"' S. ii. 50).— 
Towards the end of "The Works of that 
Judicious and Learned Divine, Joseph Mede, 
B.D.. <fcc. London, printed by M. F. for John 
Clarlc, and are to be sold at his Shop under 
S. Peters Church in Comhill, 1648,'' is "A 
Catalogue of all the Books published by the 
Authour, and printed for John Clarke under 
Saint Peter's Church in Cornhill." This cata 
logue is printed on a leaf between the title 


that of P. Stephens referred to by it*, 
Jao«ard. Thos. F. Ma>>os. 

Fair Maid or Kkkt (10"' S. i. 2S9, 37^ 
ii. 59). — I am unable to tmco any raentioo 
Joan, Duchess of Brittany, as tmvinK Ijoeo 
daughter of the Fair Maid of ■ .; :! 

following notice of Maude, e\ ; itvm 

a ' Companion and Key to thu I Liati^l^^l 
England,' by George Fisher (publishod^^^H^ 
gives some of the details asketl for : — ^^^^ 

" ThouKh Dot mentioned by anv of our h5<i<riri«ai, 
it aiipears alinoal cert&in tliat E(i^ 
Prince] had aUo a daughter naiii' 
was married to Valeran deLuxeml 
Liguy and St. Paul. This apiwars from 
sent by that count to Henry IV., Kint- i 
in which are these words: '(Jonai<! 
amour, et confederation mie j'avoyi : 
haul et puissant prince Richard re 


Huijuel j'ay eu la sa-ur en esiwuse^ u^louat 

Thia Valeran waa Constable of France, 

of the luoat celebrated xiartisann . ' ■ i 

liurKundy in the faction which iK 

He died in 1407. and hadadaughi. 

who was first wife of Anthony, Uuke ol Uut 

and had by him two sons, who died t.p.l." 

46, Marlborough Avenue, Hull. 


Black Dot; Alley, Westminster 
S. ii. 5). — Bowling Alley is described in 
Stranger's Guide ; or, "Traveller's Dir 
by W. Stow, 1721, as " by Tufton Sti>__ 
And "Dog Alley" is described in the 
valuable little work as "by the Bowlinij 
Alley, W." It may be inferred, iherefon 
that at one time there were two alleys wib 
two distinct names, and corroborative i 
is Mb. W. E. Harland-Oxley'8 8tat_ 
that what he assumes to have been one l 
only was ".shaped like the letter L. one^ 
branching from Great College Str(N?t, and ' 

page, dated 1650, and the text of the other portion leading into that part of Tu 
" iTano 

TapaKuiro/Kva. Remaines on Some Pas 
sages in The Revelation." Clark or Clarke 
enumerates ten works in this catalogue. Two 
other publishers in St. Paul's Churchyard 
(viz., Samuel Man at the "Swan," and Phile- 
mon Stephens at the " Gilded Lion ") add two 
each. T\\e dates of the works range from 
1638 to 1650. 

S. Man has no separate catalogue to the 
works he published, but near the end of 
those issued by Stephens is 

" A C'atAlogue of the Books Written by Mr. Joseph 
Mede That liavo been (irinted— ' Clavia Ai>ocalytica' 
in Lutine, the aunie in Kngliah, both reprinted /Am 
prttnl V'or K^U. With the said Authoun Con- 
jecture toiichinK ^'Og and Maeog. For Philemon 
■Stephens at the gilded Lion in Pauls Churchyard." 

Then follow Man's and Clark's lists. These 

Street which had been until ISG!) known a<i 
Bowling Street, but of which a still eArlier 
name had been Bowling Alley," ito. It waa* 
perhaps the lateral stroke of the L that 
corresponded to Bowling Alley, where, in 
house at the south-west corner, died tha 
notorious Col. Blood (24 Aug., 1680). The 
house, says Peter Cunningham, " is of course] 
no longer the same, but drawings of it exist." 
It is difficult to account for the close prox- 
imity of two distinct taverns with the sign of 
the "Black Dog," although the sign is mirly] 
common. Yet there was a " Black Dog " in j 
King Street, Westmiimter, a house frequented ] 
by Yk>n Jonson and his fellow - wits, atwl 
noticed by Taylor the Water Poet in his- 1 
' Dogge of Warrc ' ; and this was separated f 
from Black Dog Alley, ofl" Great ColleKo 

two catalogues are somewhat earlier than Street, only by the AblJey. And Black Dor 


io»8.n.Ac<..6.ifl(M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Alley certainly derived its name from a siRn 
of the " Black Dog," aa stated in * London and 
iU Environs,' 1761. Could there have been 
two taverns in such close proximity, there- 
fore] or did the alley derive its name from 
the historic old resort in King Street? Pepys, 
in his 'Diary,' under the date 10 Octolxjr, 
1666, the fast-day for the Great Fire, notes 
that he " went with Sir W. Batten to West- 
minster, to the parish church, St. Margarets, 
where were the parliament men, and Stiiling- 
fleet in the pulpit ; so full, no standing there, 
so bo and I eat herrings at the Dog Tavern.' 
Black Dog Alley, in College Street, Westmin- 
ster, is descrilied in Elmes's 'Topographical 
Diclionarv ' as " the third turning on the 
left from No. 18, Abingdon Street, the corner 
of Bowling Street." 

J. HoLPEN MacMichael. 


'Xenn'n Colleclanta : Collrcliou' of VinceiU Stuckey 

Lean. (Bristol, Arrowsmith.) 
(In four volumei— or virtnftUy in five, since what 
i{* called the second volume is in Iwo jwrta, sepa- 
rately bound — wc have here one of the most 
imiiortant contributions ever made to the class of 
studies it is our special aim to further. Readers of 
' N. t Q.' are familiar with the signature of V. .S. 
Lean, wiiose contributions were dated not seldom 
from the Win.lham Club, and showed a store of 
erudition conoerniuK folklore and superstitions, 
proverbial phrases, archaic and fontotten words, 
and most thinRS that are out of fashion and obso- 
lete. During along life of cultivated leisure, of which 
s considerable portion was spent in travel, often 
ipn foot, Mr. Lean jireserved carefully whatever he 
nieard or read concerninff local Bayinttn or customs. 
Bis roUection he bequeathed to the British M useum, 
to which he also left ,')0,UCJf>/. for the rearrangement 
and improvement of the Reading Room. Both 
betmests were accepted by the authorities. \V ith 
a view of rendering them more easily acee.ssible to 
the student, the MSS. have, by the i)ermission of 
the executors and of the Tnislees. been published 
under the care of Mr. T. W. Williams, whose 
editorial labours have been confined to arrange- 
ment, the expansion of references, and the supply- 
ing of an exemplary index. 

A collection such as now given to the world is, 
in its line, unparalleled except in our own columns. 
Of how much u.<ie these have been to Mr. Lean is 
shown in the fact that a large slice of the fourth 
volume consisla of contributions to N. 4 Q., re- 
printed, by permission, from our columns, together 
■with our comments ui>on the death of our i«rre- 
^i.'.ndent. Mr. Lean's articles began in the Third 
^ . 1 1."9 and cvteiidcd to the close ot the Kighth, the 
li'l appearing at S"' >i. xii. 133. A formidable list of 
aulhoritioa is also supplied. If ever there was a 
book that merited the title assigned to the two 
apoorjphal tr.A- ' " '-nienius, ' T)e Omni- 
bus KebuB et it is this. A mere 
list of 8U»>jeclfl a hundred iiajjei 

in double columus. Little attempt at arraageuieot 
is obvious, though ellorts have been made to faci- 
litate the use ot the Imoks by filling out references, 
many of which remain obscure. Some of them must 
have been intended as helps to memory, and cannot 
easily be solved by anybody except the origioall 
copier. Attempts at a species of classification are 
often begun and oa often abandoned, and the only 
safe way to reach the stores is to use freely tb» 
index. Take, for instance, at a venture, a subject 
such as burial, with the face downwards or other- 
wise. We find references to J/r/huowt], Paul 
Lacroix's ' Le Moyen Age,' Tylor's ' Primitive Cul- 
ture,' Bede, Shakespeare's ' Hamlet^' and ' The 
Master of Oxford's Catechism.' Had we an inter- 
leaved copy, a most desirable possession, we would 
add, from ' Featus,' the injunction that the man 
who will not fight for his country shall Iw buried 
with his face downward, "looking to Hell." We 
might (luote from the volumes endlessly. Much of 
the folk-lore is, of course, familiar. Every one 
knows the superstition that a pig in swimming 
against the tide cuts its own throat. Who, how- 
ever, knows the kindred belief, given in Nash's 
* Unfortunate Traveller,' that "the hog dieth pre- 
sently if he lose an eye " or that "the habitual u«& 
of rice aa a diet causes blindness " T A remarkably 
wide range of reading is displayed. Early writers, 
those especially of Tudor ami Stiuirt times, are con- 
tinually used, as are French, Italian, and (iernian 
authors of the same date. Many of our own con- 
tributors are frequently ijuoted, as Mr. Edward 
Peacock and Dr. Sniythe Palmer. We have not 
attempted to give a just idea of the work, since the 
task is not to be essayed. 1-Uch volume and every 
page contains matter of interest. With or without 
acknowledgment, books are sure to be drawn fronv 
its inexhaustible pages. To the studious anti- 
quary it IS invaluable, indispensable, and every 
schofar will be thankful to pouess it. We know- 
not if the study of the contents is more pleasurable 
or useful. In its way it stands alone, a book to be 
dipped into or read with equal delight. We might 
almost say that the possessor of these volumes need 
never have a dull moment. Of course additions 
might be made. It may interest our readers and 
ailvantage students to know that ' N. k Q.' is indi- 
cated by the simple initial N., as '"When quality 
meet complimeuta pass,' N., V'lll. ix. i^'2." Apart? 
from other claims on admiration and allection, it is 
in all bibliographical respects delightful, a tiook to 
gladden the heart of a connoisseur. A portrait andi 
a book-plate of Mr. Lean are given, as well as some- 
facsimiles of his very neat writing. 

Enolatul ill Iht MtdittrrantaiL, 11103-lTlX. By- 

Julian S. Corbett. 3 vols. (Longmans k Co.) 
Thksk two interesting and imi>ortant volumes con- 
stitute a continuation of the ' Drake and the 'Tudor 
Navy ' and ' The Successors of Drake ' of the same 
author. If they fonm less stimulating reading 
than their predecessors, it is because the period of 
adventure was, in a sense, over, and because kings iiv 
the days of the StuartJi had no such subjects, and 
subjects no such kings, aa in the days of Queen Beas. 
With monarchs such aa James I., sUyioe abjectly 
his greatest cajitain at the bidding of Spain ; 
Charles I., too embroiled in difiicultie.<( to he able to 
preser»'e his own kingdom or life: and Charles II. 
and James II., veritable i>ensioners on France, the 
naval power of KnglancI was little likely to b« 
fostered, and though abundant dsetlft «i^. \k<asA»Bk 



NOTES AND QUERIES. no*8.n.Ara.6. 


have to be chronioltxl, it ii only durinK the period 
of the Conimoowealth and Cromwell ami after the 
•coeasioii of VV'iLliani and Mary that the historic 
record can be read with much in'atitication. 

The substance of the volumes was delivered in 
the shape of loctures conatitutin); the Senior and 
Flag Otncers' WarCoursesatlireenwich or the Ford 
lectures on Kn^lish history, the whole being |ire- 
8ented in a complete form " on the not inajipropnate 
occasion of the teroentcnary [*] of the capture of 
<Tibraltar" Sharing the views lately inculcated as 
to the value of sea power, Mr. Corbett linds in the 
-development of Knglish naval power in the Medi- 
terranean not only a fascinating stady, but a lamp 
that, kindled in 8lnart limes, has illumiDed aub- 
ae<iuent history, and "will even touch Nelson with 
a new radiance." The mere presence in Medi- 
terranean waters of an Kntclish fleet has had (wtent 
eiTects upon Kuropoan history, and contributed 
greatly to the success of the arrno of Marlborough 
and the defeat of I^uis XIV. Mure than a hundred 
years of effort, of ten heroic and as often abortive, had 
to be spent before, with the conuueat of Gibraltar, 
Britain obtained a firm liasis. In the proceedings 
■of .John Ward, the jiirate, better known as Capt. 
Ward, who from Tunis preyed upon the Venetians, 
the Knights of St. John, and all others, except— a 
doubtful exception— his own countrymen, Mr. Cor- 
bett Knds the beginning of Kiiclisb occupation. 
Not. however, until the seizure of Tangier, accepted 
in 1(162 OS the price of the relinquishment of Dun- 
tcirk, was England " undisputed master of the 
oeas." Not long was our don^inion established over 
it, and on 5 March, lUM, " the fleet weighed, and 
Tangier ceased to bo a British possession. ' At the 
«lose of July. I7(H, Gibraltar yielded to the Knglish 
and Hutch fleets under Sir George Rooke. The 
establishment of an Knglish fleet in the Me<li- 
terranean now begins, but a record of its deeds will 
have to be reserved for a further continuation of 
Mr. Corbett's fascinating work. Illustrations to the 
present volumes consist of a view of Tangier in 
lH6i), a coloured map to illustrate British action in 
the Mediterranean, and a map of Gibraltar in 1705. 

Richard Cranhaw : Slep» to the Ttmide, ntlightu of 
the Mfuei, and othir Putmt. Edited by A. VC. 
Waller. (Cambridge, University Press.) 
Is the "Cambridge Knglish Classics "are included 
the whole of Crashaw'a iK>ems, Knglish and Latin, 
now for the first time collecte<l in one volume. 
Favoured, indeed, are modern ren<iers of our early • 
fioets. We well remember the ditiiculty in obtain- 
ing the early editions of Crashaw, the only forms 
in which the poems could be read. Not till past 
the middle of the last century was any attempt 
made to collect them. Two editions then aiipeared, 
one of fantastical incorrectness by George Gilfillan, 
and a second by W'. B. D. L). Tumbull. an editor oi 
no particular discretion, included in J. R, Smith's 
"Library of Old Authors," Grosart next made 
-what claims to be a collection of the ]X)ems. The 
present is by far the best and the most serviceable 
edition that has yot appeared. Though included 
among English classics, the volume o^iens with the 
'Epigrammatum Sacrorum Liber.' This irregularity 
will l)e readily pardoned by those who value the 
epigrams, which, in spite of their conceits, are 
admirable. The best known is that on the miracle 
of turning the water into wioe : — 
IJnde rubor vestris, et non sua purpura lymphis? 
Me rosa mirantes tarn nova mutat aquas 7 

Numen (con viva-) pncsens agnoaoite Kunwa i 

Nynipha pudiua I)eum vidit et erubuit. 
Aarou Hill's singularly happy translation, eof 
The modest stream hath seen its Lord and b] 


is perhaps even lietter known. 

insiiire<i .\lilton and I'ope, and wh" 

Cowley and Joseph Beaumont, h. 

friends, is a true and a tine poet. ^ 

than content is inspired by the i 

entire (loems in so delightful au ei! 

before he became a Roman Catholic, a i'ellow 

Peterhouse. from which he was expelled for nl\ 

to sign the Covenant. 

The pretty series known as the " York LSbrarr" 
of Messrs. Bell t Sons has been enriched by UM 
addition ofi Coleridge's frirtui. Miss Uunwr't 
Efilina, and the first volume of Emerson's irwrs. 
iu four volumes. The present volume of Enwnos 
contains the tirst and second series of ' Eaaan' 
and the ' Representative Men.' 

A SEI.IWTIO.N by Mr, Lloyd Sanders from the 
poems of the Aiili-Jacobiii, with later itoetns Im 
Canning (Methuen), constitutes a readable oa w2 
as a pretty book. The volume, whi(jli beloo 
the " Little Library," i« accompanied by i 
of Canning. 

S^otirrs ia ^oiiti^oubtnis. 

ilaagt t»i 





mat call tptcial aUtntion to the /oUowimf 

Os all oommunioations must be written tho naiiM 
and address of the sender, not necessarily for nub- 
licalion, but as a guarantee of good faith. 
W K cannot undertake to answer queries pri vatalT, 
To secure insertion of communications corre- 
si^ndents must observe the following rules. Lit 
esrch note, query, or reply be writteu on a separmla 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writ^and 
such address as he wishes to ap|iear. When aiiaw 
iug queries, or making notes with regard to pravie 
entries in the paper, contributors are requested 

Eut in parentheses, immediatelv after the en 
eading, the series, volume, ana page or pages 
which they refer. Correspondents who reneat' 
queries are requested to head the second o^ 
munication " Duplicate." 

EnWARn Latii.\m (" In matters of commerce "I 
See the .picry at 10"' S. i. 469, and the lost sentenca 
of tho note appended. No further infomiation 
been supplie<i. 

W, T. H. 
186, or ] 

EtuUTA,-P. 02, col. 2, I, ,34, after " Latin, 177«.'* 
place a semicolon, and for "Hildgard" read JliutJ 
l/nril : p. 97, col. 2, I. 21 from foot, for "DamplUh ' 
rea<l Dnmlip. 

son etc. 

Editorial communications should be iddmiaod 
to "The Editor of 'Notes and Queries'"— Ad rer- 
tisements and Business Letters to "The Pub- 
lisher"— at the Office, Bream's Buildings, Chancerr 
Lane, E,C. 

We beg leave to state that we decline to return 
communications which, for any reason, we do not 
print ; and to this rule we can make no ezoeptioo. 


r. H. ("St. Walburga's Oil").-.See \- S 
■ Butler's " Lives of the Saints,' 25 Feb. 

io*8.u.Aco.6.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Last Week's ATHENiEUM contains Articles on 



NEW NOVELS :— Hyssop ; The Hunchback of Wertminstor ; The Tavern Koigbt ; A Daagbter of tba 

8Don-s ; Captain Fortune ; To-morrow ; La Joie d'Aimer, 


OCR LIBRARY TABLE:— The BriUah Empire, 180(J-'25; The Law of Likeness; Dawn on the Dark 

Continent ; Lenten Addresses ; The Niebelungs ; The Story of King Arthur and his Knights ; 

Library Catalogues. 

'sunday stories'; john drydkn's first funeral; charles of orleans; "john 
trot"; a metrical tale by lamb; sale. 

literary GOSSIP. 
SCIENCE:— Physical Deterioration; Nature's Story of the Tear; Mathematical Crystallography; 

Memoirs of Priestley ; Faraday's History of a Candle ; The Life-History of British Serpents ; 

English and Foreign Methods in Science ; The Arunta Class-Names ; Symbolic Logic ; Gosup. 
FINE ARTS :— The Churches of South Nottinghamshire ; Gossip. 
MUSIC :— Hector Berlioz; The Diversions of a Music-Lover ; Wagner and the Reform of the Opera ; 

Richard Wagner's Lebensgang in tabellarischer Darstellung ; Gossip ; Performance! Next Week. 
DRAMA :— A History of Theatrical Art; Mr. Wilson Barrett ; Oanker-bloomi and Canker; Goaaip. 


The ATHEN^UM for July 23 contains Articles on 




NEW NOVELS ;— The Challonors ; Motherhood ; The Master Hope ; The Little Vanities of Mrs. 

Whitiaker ; The Marvellous Experience of John Rydal : The Hand of L6onore. 

•OUR LIBRARY TABLE :— The Herbs of Medea ; The Folk and their Word-lore ; Sir Thomas Browne's 

Works ; Old Humphrey. 



lENCE :— Cox on Mechanics ; Biography ; Research Notes ; ' Northern Tribes of Central Australia ' ; 
Societies ; Gossip. 
INE ARTS :— Additions to the Nation.-U Collections ; The Early Christian Art of Nova Isaura; The 

Royal ArcbiBologiCAl Institute ; The Roman Vessels of Lake Nemi ; Sales : Uotsip. 
USIC :— Handel's ' Nisi Dominus ' ; The Music Loan Exhibition ; Gossip; Performances Next Week. 
RAMA : — Canker Blooms and Canker ; Gossip. 

JOHN C, FRANCIS, Athenaxim Office, Bream's Bnildingi, Chancery Lane, 1,0. 

And of all M*WMg«Bta. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo^ s. n. Aeo. o. 



The Delegates of the Clarendon Pren propose to issoe, b; sabscription, s Series of reproductloBt «( 
the most important Irish MSS. cow in tiie Bodleian Library. The Texts will be edited bjr Dr. K«» 
I Meyer, with the oo-operation of other distingaished Celtic lobolans. A beginning will be ni«d« (U lw> 
Ikondred subscribers can be found readj to lake up copies) with the Manascript known aa Havtuna 
[B. 502, a folio volume coniainiog eighty-three leaves of vellum, with which twenty leave* of p^»crai» 
Ibonnd np. This Manuscript will t>e reproduced in the exact size of the originaL The pciea (k 
subscribers, 42. 4<. net. 


CHAUCER, 1532. 

With an Introduction by the Bev. Prof. 8KBAT, LittD. 

The edition will be limited to 1,000 copies. The price will be 5/. 5t. net, bonnd in antiqao 
or Cf. St. net in rough calf. Any other style of binding supplied to order. A list of the o 
original subscribers will be printed at the beginning of the book. Those who would like theit 
included should order at once. More than half the edition has already been subscribed. 


GALLKKIE8, and in the LIBRARY at CHKIST CHURCH, OXFORD. Chosen and I>eacrib«() by 
SIDNEY CULVIN, Keeper of Prinu and Drawings in the British Musenm. Kxtra impeti*] folkk 
Part II., containing 20 Drawings exactly Reproduced in Chromo-coUotype in Portfolio, bow nmif. 
Subscription price, 3/. 3<. net. 


FiUPatrick Lectures for 1903. By JOSEPH FRANK PAYME, MJ).Oxon. 
With 23 Illustrations. Bt. 6d. net. 

Demy 8»o, 


SEVENTEENTH CENTURIES. By G. UN WIN. 8vo. cloth, 7«. M. neU 


Introduction and Notes, by G. W. UEADLAM, B.A. Crown Sko, cloth, 61. 


"The QUATRAINS of HALL The Hindustani Text in Roman 

Character, with an English Translation by G. K. WARD, M.A. Demy Svo, paper boArdik 
2i. 6J. net. [Immediatrlt. 


for the Use of Tourist*. Translated by W. H. LYALL, M.A With Vocabulary. Crows bvo 
cloth, 4i. net. 

London : HENRY FROWDE, Oxford University Press Warehouse, Amen Corner. E.C. 


S lOflcbinm of |nUr(ommunt(ation 



I •• Wben foand, sake ft aot« ■f."— Caftaik Ccttlk, 


BK««] Saturday, 1:3, 1904. {^'Iitroir 


Mr**Hl-Hm»» tlmtltr. 

to MOTKA tHb<JL'RUIKftfr«« by po»tl«10i.M f nr Sis HoBCbit 
OTXt%d tArTttslv* UontbB.lBolMlnc Kh« Vvlnma ladvt.— JUHH C. 
FRANCIS. J<r*W*«Mrf UM#rwiU*M. Hmai t Baildl«||«.(7ik»«MrT L*««. 

Prunt Jntio n( U»unldoth tiriBC fall pftdlfrM "— AHtmrtiKft 

ANCKSTUY.Knplish. Scotch, Irish, and American, 
TKACmi tmm KTATK KKOOklM HtMOtalltT «••! ttt Kaclud 
U4 amtcmai FUnUlM -Mr KKVNBU.l I'HAM, 17. U*dford arou, 
B>*l«r. ftBdl, I'pkUB Pftrk ItAbl. ChltwtcW. Ix>odea. W. 

MR. L. CULLKTON. 92. Piccadilly, London 
iM«mborrf ffnrMiti sn^ Por^lKii AntluoaHsn BurlMlem. nod^r- 

takM lh« farrf*' — ' *' ^ 'r.m l>BrUli K^-irttUri. L'ofiln* nr 

Atwtfvtft rr<Mi> ■' lln([«.»nij ott.»r K^(.<otili Btefnl 

for 0«awilogl( • ' Kcoilmntt. and IrcUnd 

AbbravmtfHl 1 ■ -1 KtUtndvd. ami IrmnilBtvd. 

For*l|r« !(•■• Kni)ulrirp lofltpd. Mr. L'ull«UiB'« 

m*U« OnllKii 'naultlng for (Hum. 

AailqaMlMi »' 'laurlBl MBrebvd for and Copltd b1 tfat 

brtUah M«a««ni ". < ■ M«». 

>ll«4 Ba Bwntr OB whBCiBbJtct AckBAVltdaBd th* world ovar 
•« thr BiNaiaman HookDaiiara •itaat. flmu* iiata wa»u.->HAKJUl'S 
Ortal NAA««ftnp. li-U.jAhB MriffBt Mraat. HinMlavhftM. 






FeoDdad 183 7 


lnT»»l«d Capital. 90.0UOJ. 

A r N I m* B I N V II H T M H W T 

Oflared to London llookiellera and tlifir Aaililantt. 

A ynawiBiui or wnmaa of twaatT-riTe oan Invfit iha tiini nt rmrttXf 

Oalnoa* lor lu aunlvalani i>t lBktalmeDt«i, and obtain the right to 

~nartlc1pBi« tB tha following ad raotacet: — 

' flllar Fraadoni Imm want In tint* •( advaraltr a« lanv »■ need 

|tll4'<tNI> r*miapi)nt Hellvf in Old Ava, 

Tllftll) M«di(«J Advioa It? «mUi4>nt I'nftlrlanaand Hnrseoiia 
|\jLU'IH A t'nt(ar« m itte country lAblKU* I<an|flvj, Hartforfl- 
for acrd MeniMrH, witti r«''<l*o praduva, coal, and nedinJ 
,,^Bdanoa fraa. in addtuan to an Aimiiitr 
yiFTH. A rarBUhad Houaa In ttta aaniA Kctraat at Abbou laacley 
r tha traa aaa e( Mfinbara and their I'aniillaa lor Holldaya or ourmi; 

r.irlliuUon toward* Funvral Pxpfin«««wheii It la naadad. 
1 ih«t«« arv BvaUaMr not (or Mambrra ooly. bnt AlaA 
Iff ' -r Widow* anJ Yoonv <:tilltlr«tn 

c {larmFnt of the •ab«<^rlptinna confara aa ahanluta 
f hi U' ii.r*f (•rneflu la all eaaca of naod 

r further lAfnritiailnn apply tJ tha ••cratsr;, Mr OaaaaB Laaaaa, 
, l*ataranawr Itnw, K C. 

(Tka LBAPBTIHALL VKIWH. Lid . l*aKllahar«aBd PrlBUra. 
SO. LaadcBhall Htraal, l^Mdna. M.C t 
CABtaiaa hatrlaa* papar nvar whicK tba T»an alipa with aorlaak 
troodnin Ulipanoa aarn ft* par doian. ralad or plala. Naw rocfeal 
Nli«. I>. per dor»B. ralad nr plain 

Aatkora ahnuld aota that Tha l^aadanhall I'rraa. t'ld . oannot ha 
raapoBalbla fnr tha loai of MU. by tn or otharwiaa. PapUeaia ropiaa 
abould baraUlacd 

STICKPHAST PASTE i« miles better than Oam 
lor tUaklnrta Morapa. Jninlar rapar*. Ac. M .M.. aad 1*. with 
atronr. na«fBt hraahmota foy). ■'and two atampa to aover tioaiafa 
for a aamikla ItotUa. laclodmr llruab factory. Auyar Loaf tjoart, 
LaadoabaXlMrMt, Be. utaliatauoaart. eticKpliaat l*aataatlefc« 

NOW RKAI>Y. prlM Wn. 0.1 Bet 




E N B R A L 



WIU InlnMiicllon br JODECH KMiailT. T.»A. 

ThI. lDd»« It tjnutiif thr %ltr of |>fe*li>it. ODM. a« I; eAoulnt. tn 
.ddltloB Ui tti« a.ofti iDd.t or Hut> Oil) >ame. %na PMudonyitia 
or Wrlu-ra. wilh • Uit nr tlirlr t'ontHbDtlonfl 'I hr nunber iit 
eon.laAlCiiotrltiotor. ««r.r(f. .levoB buodi.d Iha 1'uDli.hrr r«Mi«.« 
Ui. riKlil nt lfirr.*»lBK lit. pric. or th. Voluma »t any Dm*. 'Ibe 
Dumber prlatod it ILmlted. aad Ita. lypa haa t>««D dlatrlttuMd. 

I'rrc b7 po.1, 10<. Il.f 
JUHN C FRIMC'IK. KMt «»i< Uwrui omn. llretm'. Hulldlaga, EC. 

TUIKI) aulTIUH, UcTlHHt ID IKH. tap Ito, eloin. pn» niipeac. 

ASTRONOMY for the Y O U N U. 
DAMnmN UnV. MAKDTON * («) , I.lalTIu, 
HI l>OB.Ua'aHooa«, VtlUer La«e, K V. 



M, Intponant llato. In iha iK.torr or tbc World rrom tha Kain af 
" " " ~ Third Kdluoa. «j w. T. LYHN.^.A. 

Itavld lo th. fmaal Tlnia 


KAMmuN LOW * CO m. Iianatu't Hna 

, rouw Lua, ao. 

TBNTH SIIITIUM. prica Two llhlllla|< 

pKLESTIAL MOTIONS- n Handy Book of 

Vy Avtronnntj. Taflth Kdluoa. Wit* i I'laiaa. Hy W T. LYMN. 
It A. F K.A.8. 
" Wall haowa na eaa of enr baat Utrtt4a«tl*na tn aatrtwomr." 

BAHI1IUN U>W *C<>. Ill lion.taa'.Hoaaa. Patlar lAH. B C. 

rBNI'H KIIITIOM. prlra Hli|>aan, cloth. 

RKMAKKABLK C0MKT8 ■ a lirief Survey of the 
mo.1 lnt«rr.tlflx raot. la tha HiBtorr or coni.iArr AairoDomy. 
Mr W. T LVNN. KA, K U AS. 

BAMraoN l^tr * CO Bt r>a>ataB'B HnuM, FatKr Ijaaa. 10. 


^ rKANC'ia rrtawr nt tha ju.«*w^. ,v«m» M-d uwarM.. Ac . la 

prapnraa to flUHMIT BH't'lMATBA tor all ainda or HOOK. NBWft 
and PBK10IIICA1< ITKIN I'lNO — 11. MrMw'B Halldtafa caaaaarr 
Laa. BC 

'rUNBRIDGK WBCLS.— Comfortablv KUR. 

Qatat. plaaiaat. aad oaniral Thraa mlaatac' »alk from B.B H B c. 
SlAlloa. Mo sUart ishaa.-U. M,, M, Orata Hill Uoad, Tubndaa 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. Ave 13. igoi. 

K I N G'S 




Wo have to announce a new edition of tbis Dictionary. It first appeared at th« anj^ 
'87, and was (|uickly disposed of. A larger (and corrected) isauo came out in the sprinir 
1889, and is now out of print. Tho Third, published on Julj' 14, contains a lan;»1 
accession of important matter, in the way of celebrated historical and literary sayings msM 
mot*, much wanted to bring the Dictionary to a more compIet« form, and now ap]>euTinff jmI 
its pages for the first time. On tho other hand, the pruning knife has been freely used, aoil 
the excisions are numerous, A multitude of trivial and supcrduous items bare thus been 
cast away wholesale, leaving only those citations which were worthy of a place in a ataQdaid] 
work of reference. As a result, t\w actual number of quotations is les-i, .ikhough it is boDMl| 
that the improvement in quality will more than compensate for the loss in quantity. Thai 
book has, in short, been not only revised, but rewritten throughout, and is not so much s 
edition as a new work. It will be seen also that the quotations are much more " raeonlit' 
than before, and that where any history, story, or allusion attaches to any particular saving,] 
the opportunity for telling the tale has not been thrown away. In this way what is prim'itnlrl 

' taken up as a book of reference, may perhaps be retained in the hand as a piece of pluaaantl 
reading, that is not devoid at times of the elements of humour and amusement. One other] 
feature of the volume, and perhaps its most valuable one, deserves to be noticed. The I 
previous editions professed to give not only the quot-ation, but its reference; and, altboueh 
performance fell very far short of promise, it was at that time tho only dictionary of the kind 
published in this country that had been compiled with that definite aim iu view. In tlie 
present case no citation — with the exception of such unaffiliated tilings as proverbs, maxims 
and mottoes — has been admitted without it« author and passage, or the " chapter atid verse " 
in which it may bo found, or on which it is founded. In order, however, not to lose 
altogether, for want of identification, a number of otherwise deserving sayings, an appendix 
of Adeipola is supplied, consisting of ijuot^itions which either the editor has failed to trace to 
their source, or the paternity of whicti has not been satisfactorily proved. There are four 

, indexes — Authors and authorities. Subject index, Quotation index, and index of Ure«k 

'passages. Its deficiencies notwithstanding, ' Clavsical and Foreign Quotations' has 80 f»r 
remainod without a rival as a polyglot, manual 0/ the teorld's famows tiyino* in one pair of 

cover* and of moderate dimensions, and its greatly ioaprovod qualities should confirm it atill 
more firmly in public uao and estimation. 

K I N G'S 



LoodoD : J. WHITAKBR & SONS, LTD., 12, Warwick Lane, E.C. 

rio" s. II. AC.:. 13. 1901.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


io.v/w.v. nAriHUAr, aigvst is, am. 

- Biir- 

CONTENTS.-N0. 33. 

"■SOTRS :-WblUun.UT. I»I-Cowprr'» L^tteri. IK _... 

Ixin'. •An»tnmvo» UcUooholv.' lai-Vriiil.blng Lonrton— 

VLvmn OoiirUi Kemoval — l."n((Mt Tfl<i({r»m-Pronun- 

■.lalJon ot " VlktiiR." 12S-WMI minster Hull Flooded— 

I>|,V» »t. HI. Allan'i GrBiiiniar Sobool — " Oiring tbn 

lUi'id" In l)lpl"m»cy— 'The Diikcry H<»ord«'- Cricket 

liii|ilr«' (ii\rli-Th<! 0«l)r Dutch l*n|iu«KC IM. 

AJlKKIBS :-Wt»I.niln»UT Schrtol muu-dlnK-houiM, IK - 

KolberingRV - Swann»m«ii - P«lin-«lngln(j W«v.-r» - 

I'tinuri nnd Kelercnc-e-Ninf M«id«-n»-The Pmrl.h Clerk 

-•■Our Klevfn D«yt'-Sllk Men: Silk ThK.««tn«— 

I " Loci leneiitM "-T»ll Bi'.ex Womnn, Mr«. Cionlon, IV«— 

Irrrncb Novel - Pil((rlm.' W»y.^ - Wifjlt"'""'" Weill - 

iVulea ol Chrlittmn Lid— John Butler. M.P.-B»oon iiu.l 

I tbe Dt»m«, 1»-Autliiir» o( yuoUtlonn Wuiteil. 130. 

kEPLIKS -BathlncMnclilnM. I:i0-Oi>urt Dres«-Aml*n, 

fl31-Uniont lUrp-lbr Whlt^«iiy : " N«ker "- 

I "Sun »nd Anchor" Inn— Viicclnitluii »Bd InucuUlion, 

M'0-"A linKlnK taw "-IIIU" Triiver«'i DInry- Urceit 

I Private Houte In Kngland-8h»ke«i)C«rei Sfmnet xmI.— 

lAdiini /.«d-N«Ule»e. IS) KnglUb Ch«nncl-D«.1II(T of 

IXuBle-Sllver Bouquet-HoMer-A lloy«l Carver- 8p«nl«b 

Proverb on the OmnKe-G'i'don Biillaph-KlnR J.ibn • 

Charter* 13i— Dlailemi - Tbnm»« Neale; " llerl.erle» 

- KIrcLrIc Telegraph Anllclpali-d, IS.'. - lrre«i>oni.lbIe 

ScrlUlilera. l::i-MorlBnd» - Paale— St. .Mnlan'a 

Church. 137— ■• Paul™ lt\>!" VM- 

aiOTHS OW BOOKS :-H«kluyfii ' Navi(taUona"— 'Orert 

Ma.t»r«'-Dr»ndr»'. Rlltlnn or»r« - Oxford 

f Klltlona ol Wiirdkw.prth and Biima— "John Conatable — 

I B«enF« (roiD • Le. Fftcbeui -Hainillon'. ■ Ancealry Chart 

-The 'Burllogton '— Magailuea and Kevlewa. 
VeatU of the Rev. 8. Arnott. 
Motice* to CorrMpomlBnU. 

The recurrence of the "silly season" is 
marked this year by the revival, both in the 
<Churck Timei and in the Stnnihrd, of the 
old fable a.s to the "derivation ' of Whit- 
■aunday from the German Pnnqsltn. Why 
the Kii(?li»h clergy and others sliould, in so 
many insUnces, cling to this remarkable 
nnvention, it is hard to say. But it illustrates 
tiie vast amount of ignorance that prevails 
4U to the most elementary facts of philology. 
Allow roe to sUte a few of the difficulties 
■in the way of this remarkable piece of in- 

1. There is no proof that any High Oerman 
■word was ever known to the people of Eng- 
land before a r>. 14iX». English is not a High 
Oerman, but a I.<ow German dialect. One 
gentleman actually adduces the O.H.G. 
in OS neatly accounting for the pronuu- 
mU Wxttun (witliout A). But ho clean 
,„i,,L.s to point out the fact that our English 
writers never usw it, preferring the native 
fnrm ivitan in its stead. 

•2. There is no proof that the G. I'riiKjtliu 
was nver used in England. Any English 
'MS. beginning a word with j'j would be a 

3. Really chronology must be considered. 
At what (fate did this fabled Frin'isUn arrive 
in England? This question is always care- 
fully evaded. The naradox-lovers naturally 
hale chronology anci quotations. But plain 
men are entitled to have them. 

4. Even tho.sewho believe in that blessed 
word " corruption " ought to have some regard 
for phonology. If I'ritujsien became U'/iitntn, 
pray let us have a few of the intermediate 
torms : with quotations, of course, as usual. 

On the other hand, allow me to quote some 
of tiie p<jsitive evidence to the contrary. 

5. Tlie stock quotation is that from the 
'A.-S. Chronicle,' anno 1067, in MS. I), tjoon 
after n. mention of Easter comes the passeige: 
" Juildred arce-biscop hig pie-halgode tocwene 
on West-mynstre on Uwitan Sunnan-dieg "; 
it , Eiidren the archbishop consecrated her 
as queen on White Sunday. Showing that 
<mf: of the intermediate forms l>etweeii 
Prin'.istfn, and Whitsunday took the extra- 
ordinary shape " Hwiian Sunnandmg"! 
Showing also that the High German Prini/sten, 
known to Old High German only in the dative 
plural J'/iint/tstfti, from a nominative I'hin- 
ijestf (with no final « .'), was introduced, if at 
all, before a.d. U»C7. 

6. The A.-S. word for Pentecost was Petite- 

7. The Icelandic forms are given, with 

? [notations, in Vigfussou's dictionary, and 
orm a remarkable set. They are Hvita- 
dagar, lit. White days, i.e., Pentecost ; Hvita- 
daga-vika. White-day week, /..-., Whitsun- 
week ; Hvit-Drottins-dagr, White Lord's day, 
i.e., Whitsunday ; Hvitasutinudagr, Wliite- 
sunday, Whitsunday ; Hvitasunnudags-vika, 
Whitsunday's week, i.e., Whitsun-week. How 
all these are to be got out of J'riutj.sUn is a 
mystery; "corruption" must have liad a 
high old time of it. 

8. Fur those who like instructive evidence, 
I can give it. In Wastwood's ' Pal»ographia 
Sacra Pictoria,' last plate but one, there is 
an excellent facsimile of an Icelandic MS., 
No. 5fi3 of the Additional MSS. in the British 
Museum, with a rubric which Prof. West- 
wrK)d alleges to run thus, "A Himta Sunna 
Uag akal fyrst syngia Veni Creator Spiritus," 
in large letters. With the not unusual ill- 
luck of one who is so obliging as to give us 
a facsimile, he has obviously misread the 
second word, which turns out to bo " Huyta," 
a lato snelling of " Hvita" ; and the seniic is 
"On White Sun iJay [one] shall first xinsr 
Vmi Crf<itor fpirihit," i.e , U\i 

for the occasion. This exv 
evidence is enough to make tlid 
worshipper writhe. 



NOTES AND QUERIES. [»o- s. ii. ac«. w, i 

9. The Welsh word for WliiUuntide is 
Suli/wi/n, a mere translation of the English 
name ; from md, sun, Sunday, and 'jivi/ii, 
white. Perhaps we shall next l>e told that 
ShI<iu'i/h is ft " corruption " of I'jinf/itcn. If 
.00, it will not surprise me at all to be told 
so ; for the more dilHcult such transforma- 
tions arc, the more easily they obtain the 
credit of the ignorant. 

Waltee W. Skeat. 

(See anln, pji. 1, -Ii 8±) 

Pp. 53-55 :— 

Letter ft. 
Dateil 01— iiy (Olney). Jan. l.">, 17Bs. 

My iiKAK AiST,— 1 put off my writing to you 
from day to day, in lio|>e*, that I shall find a nub- 
ject in my own e\)>erionce, that may make it worth 
your while to hear from me. I would not always 
be BO com|iUininK of barreniienii and deadneia, yet 
alai! 1 have little else to write about. The Lord 
has given nie so mauy blessincs in possession, and 
enabled me to hope assuredly for such unspeakable 
thinps when the great work of Redemption shall be 
cficctually comiiletvd in me, that wheresoever I 
look I aeesometmng that reminds me of ingratitude. 
If 1 look behind nie, I see dangers and precipipeB. 
and the bottomless pit, from whence He has plucked 
me with an outstretch'd arm. made bare for my 
delivoranr-'e. If I look forward, 1 see the sure j>or- 
tion of His people, an everlasting inheritance in 
light, and the covenant that secures it, sealed with 
the blood of .Tesus. My present condition too, is 
full of tokens of His love. The things which others 
may reckon in the number of their common mercies, 
are not so to me ; at least, ought not to be sucti in 
my esteem. The breath I draw, aud the free 
exercise of my senses. He has not only given to me, 
but restored them, when I had deservedly forfeited 
both ; and not only restored tliera to mo, but accom- 
[laiiied them with such additional mercies, as can 
alone make them true and real blessings, faith in 
the Lord .Jeaus Christ as the only Saviour, and a 
desire to employ them and every gift I receive from 
Him to the glory of His Name. In the day of my 
first love, I could not have enumerated these in- 
stances of His goodness without tears, but now, 
my reflexions ui>on them serve rather to convince 
me of the dreadful obduracy of my nature, and 
afford me even a .sensible proof, that nothing less 
than the breath of the Almighty Spirit can soften 
it. But, blessed be the Lord, our anclior of ho|>e 
i« fastened on good ground, not in our own righte- 
ousness, but in that of Jesus : and every view of 
our own unworthinesa is sanctified to us and be- 
comes a solid blessing, if it drives us closer to our 
only refuge. 

•Smce I wrote the above, I have l>een taking a 
walk, and from my going out to my coming in I 
have been mourning over (I am afraid I ought to 
say, repining at) my great insensibility. I began 
with these retlexionn, soon after I rose this morn- 
ing, and my attempt to write to you, has furnished 
me with additional evidences of it. I profess myself 
a servant of t.'od, i am writing to a servant of (<od, 
and about the things of Uod, and yet can hardly 

get forward, so as to fill mv THifTcr t mn oely Idl 
you, my dear Aunt, that 1 1". t:a|«u» 

for the Lord's sake : but 1 i .; i 

than I can do, the things ■:...- \_ I 

only add, at this time, that I aui. 

Dear Aunt, your allectionate, etc. 

Pp. 56-57: — 

Letter la 
Dated O— y (Olney), March I, 1788. 

Mt peak Acnt.— Your silence makes me 
for your health. If it l>c uwiiiK lu illtiesa, may 
Lord sanctify it to you, and abundantly oomiwa 
to you all your bodily suHeiings, by the iiuuiifi 
tiona of His gracious Spirit. 

We are at last settled in our own mansion. 
Lord provided it for us, and we lio)>e bos 
concerning it : "Peace be to this house." He 
called both our servants, and brought 
trust, to an effectual acquaintance with th< 
auil themselves since we came to O— y t01_ 

What various niethoda do&4 the good ,sS. 
use, and how wonderful is He in nianv of 
dispensations, by which He brings lOs ji 
within the sound of the (ioipel ! \\'e had 
sooner taken ]iosaession of our own housu 
found myself called ti] lead the prayerv 
family: a formidable undertaking, you may ' 

to a temper and spirit like mine! I trsi 

the apprehension of it, and was so dreaill 
harassed with the conflict 1 snstaine<l upon 
occasion, in the first week, that my health wai 
a little alfected by it: but there wns no rera( 
and 1 hope the Lord brought me to tbal 
chuse death, rather than a retreat from < 
my first attempt He was senaibW Jiresent 
and has since favoured me with very yto 
assistance. My fears begin to wear ofT 
rather more liberty of 8|ieech at least, if not 
spirit, and have* some hope, that having opee.. 
my mouth. He will never suffer it to be cIomI 
again, but rather give increase of nttei-anoe aak 
7Ji&\ to serve Him. How much of that inniiatv 
Self has He taken occasion to shew me by 
incident. Pride, ostentation, and vain-glory, ' 
always l>cen my hindrance in these attem] 
These lie at the root of that evil tree, which 
world good-naturedly calls bashfulness.f E'._ 
indeed in the character of a disciple of Christ. 
May our gracious Teacher mortify then) all (o 
death, and never leave mo till He has made the 
dumb to speak, and the stammering tou^pia || 
the i>en of a ready writer ! 

My dear friend, Mrs. U [Unwin], is vr 

fully restored : her recovery, of which there 

to lie no doubt, is as extraordinary, aud as ev-tdsnt 

* MS. having. 

t 'Conversation,' 347-50:— 
I pity bashful men, who feel the pain 
Oi fancied scorn and undeserved diadaint 
And bear the marks upon a blushing face 
Of needless shame and self-imposed diagraoci.. 

Tlie cause perhaps iniiuiry may descry. 
Self-searching with an introverted eye, 
(I!oncenled within an unsu8|>ectcd |iart. 
The vainest corner of our own vain heart ; 
For ever aiming at the World's esteem. 
Our self-imjiortance ruins it« own scheme. 

io«» 8. u. Aug. 13, low.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


au aoawor to |irayer, u any Ihat liaa fallen withio 
my exiierience. The Lord make me thankful to 
Him, (or the cnntinuaiice of thU, and all Hia 
mercies, which I deserve every day to be deprived 
of : but He in an unotumgeable Gud, and deliglita in 
ahowiuK nierey. 

I remain, my dear Aunt, 

Vours utl'ectiouately, etc. etc 
P. 58: — 

Letter 11. 
Pated O— y (Olney). June 11. 17US. 

I had a letter from Lady • by the last 

I>osl to inform me, she had read my narrative.! She 
seems to have been much atfectwl by it ; ao<l I 
should have been very hai>|iy, if she ha'l tiecn 
enabled to learn from it, the only lesson it is in- 
tended to t«aoh, the sovereignty of Clod's free grace, 
■'.<,, the deliverance of a sinful soul from the 
nethermost hell : but the Lord has not seen lit, to 
bless it to that effect, for she says : She cannot see 
how such a life as n)iue has been, could ni'-nV such 
bitter sutlerings at the hand oi a merciful God, 
and bestows all the honour of the re|>entunce that 
followed them, entirely u^iou myself. How is the 
word of the liedeemer concealed from tlio natural 
man ! So that though His grace be as evidently 
displayed in the salvation of a lost sinner, as His 
lower is, in the works of creation, not a beam 

I breaks through to enlighten it, till His own hand 

1 takes away llie veil, 

^^ My dear Aunt, believe me 

^^L Your atfectionate nephew, etc. etc. 

^B Pp. .'>9-61 :— 

^M Letter 12. 

^V ( )l-y (GIney), Jnne 18. 1768. 

" My pkar Aitnt,— 1 know not by what means 
Lady H[eskelh] came to hear, that there was such 
a thing in the world, as my narrative! but the 
news of it having reached her, she wrote to me to 
beg a sight of it. At first 1 was very unwilling 
to shew it to her, but having consulted with 
Mr. Newton about iho propriety of doing so, and 
finding him of opinion that it might be done safely, 
I consented : but restrained it absolutely to her 
own (lernsal, and she assures me no eye has seen it 
but her own. I have always thought it unfit to be 
trusted in the han<ls of an unerdightcned person ; 
the IjOTil having dealt with me in a way no much 
out of the common course of His jirooeeding ; nor 
do I intend that any such shall hereafter read it. 
However, if she has got no light from it, I do not 
l«rceive that she has been stumbled by it, and it 
may possibly at some future time bo macfe useful to 
her. Temiioral trouble is often the forerunner of 
spiritual : and I pray the Lord to sanctify her 
sufferings to her, that it might be so with her. 

We have had a holiday week at OI— y (Olney). 
The Association of Uaptist Ministers met here on 
Wednesday. We )«ad three sermons from lliem 

• Hesketh. 

t Mrs. Cowy)«r's note: " N.B. It may, I believe, 
be concluded, that this van-a/iif is by some looked 
on as ma<lness in another form. This is the un- 
worthy judgement passed by too many amongst us, 
on the strangcneBs of His salvation, so far Myona 
all that they Iwiked for (or as yet will !» ]>ersuaded 
to look after 1), but what is all that to him, 'who is 
numbered among the children of (iod, and his lot 
is among the saints V— Wisdom v. ".', j." 

that day, and one on Thursday, besides Mr. 
Newton's in the evening. One of the preachers 
was Mr. Booth,* who has lately published an 
excellent book called 'The Reign of Grace. 'g He 
was bred a weaver, and has been forced to work 
with his hands hitherto, for the maintenance of' 
himself and a large family : but the Lord, who haa 
given him excellent endowmeuts, has now called 
him from the small congregation, ho ministered to 
in Nottinghamshire, to supply Mr. Burford'sf place 
in London. It was a comfortable sight to see 
thirteen gonivel ministers together. Most of them- 
either preaelied or prayed, and all that did su, 
a)>proved themselves sound in the word andi 
doctrine : whence a good presumption arises in 
favour of the rest. 

I should l>e glad if the partition wall, between 
Christians of different denominuiiuns, would every- 
where fall down flat, as it has done at 01— y (Ulney). 
The dissenters here (most of them at least, who are 
serious) forget that our meeting-house has a steeple 
to it, and we, that theirs has none.' This shall be 
the case universally : may the Lord hasten it iiv 
His time. 

1 am, my dear Aunt, 

Vour very affectionate nophew, etc. etc. 

P.i>. I am sorry for poor A— (?). Thoughtless as 
a child, he stauda ujion the shore of eternity, and 
laughs in circumstances that are frightful to those 
that understand them. Indeed my heart was 
troubled when I read that part of your letter whiulv 
relates to him. 

Pp. 61-62:— 

Letter 13. 
01-y (Olney), .lune 28. 17«8. 

Printed in Wrigiit, i. |ti3-4. Tlie first 

paragraph, " f write behind liiin," oraitte<i' 

in MS. P. 103, 1. 4 from foot, " ho is with 
us," MS. "he is with us at present": last 
lino, " Jesus," MS. " things of moment. On 
the words (p. 104) " and may He in His due 
time afford me an occasion of thanking Hini 
for the same unspeakable mercy beatowe<l 
upon my brother," Mrs. C'owper notes : 
"N.B. This so fell out, some few years after- 
wards "; less than two years afterwards John 
Cowper died in College. P. 104,1. 11, "con- 
cern," MS. "belong to"; 1. 12, "on," MS. 
" upon "; 1. 15, "able." MS. "enabled." 

John E. B. Mayor. 


{Tobt conliHued.) 

* Abraham Booth (I7:U-1S(I(J), juistor from I7(tt» 
to a congregation of Particular Baptists in London. 
>«ee his ' Life ' by W. Jones. ISOS, «vo. Funeral 
■Sermon on A. n. by James l>ore: with Memoir anil 
Address by Dr. Bippon, ISOB, ' O.N.B.,' and 
Cjiulogue of B.M. In his 'Works' (Lond., 18l:{. 
3 vols. 8vo) groat part of vol. i. is tilled by the nintli 
edition of 'The Keipi of Grace from its Rise lo its 
Consummation.' The work hassince been reprinted 
seiiarately. Mrs. Cowiier has a note : " Account of 
Mr. Booth." 

t Samuel Burford's death in 1768 is recorded in 
Walter Wilson's ' Dissenting Churches,' ii. flOT. 
No publication of bis is in B.M. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no*" s. n. av„. n, 1004. 


(See 9"" S %i. ISl. 222. 263, :e2, «l ; xii. 2, »G, 162. 

301, 302, •H2i !()"■ .S. i. 42, 103, m"?. 2S>.) 

I SHOULD bo glofl in a modified form to uso 
Burt4)n's rea«on " because many good authors 
in all kinds are come to uiy liaiidd sitico" to 
excuse my turning back and dealing witli 
i)ome quotations which I passed over before. 
Vol. I, (Sbilleto). p. 11. I. 8; p. 1, 1. 10, 
ed. 6, "1 am a free man born." Tliis wiih 
probably suggested by "ego scio me liberum 
factum," wliicli in the * Apocolocyntosia ' 
follows the words that have just been cited 
by Burton. 

I'. 1 1, 9 ; 1. 12. " If I be urged." Cf. J. V. 
Andrea, 'Menippus,' dial. 7, p. 17 (ed. 1617), 
" qui urges hominein liberum." 

P. 1'), n. -2, n. 4. n. 5 ; p. 3, n. i, n. k, n. 1. 
"Tlieso three quotations from Ueinsius, for 
M'liich Shiileto gives the reference "Primerio," 
are to be found (with a difference) about 
one-ninth through the epi«tle to Jacobus 
Primerius on the subject "An, «fc qualis viro 
literate Mitducenda uxor." See pp. 327, 3-J8 
of the 1G2D (Elzevir) edition of the 'Laus 
Asini,' «Src. " Aulic— soleo " (1. 7 ; 41) is from 
'tiie same plac«. 

P. 15. 5; 3, 39, "macerate themselves." 
From "Qui nimium se raacerant," Ueinsius, 
lifi. cit., p. 328. 

P. 16, n. 6 ; S, n. 1. "Cj^p. ad Donat." See 
'Cap. 9, "O si possis in ilia sublimi specula 
constitutus," tbc. 

P. 16, 8 ; 4, 26, " ne quid inentiar." Burton 
presumably took this not from the prologue 
to Plautus's 'Casina' (9'" S. xii. 303), but 
from Ueinsius (li/j. cti., p. 328). 

P. 10, 11 ; 4, 29, "nun taiu Hagax observator 
ac simplex rocitator." Cf. J. V. Andrea, 
' Menippus," dial. 4, "a Mundo, cuiu.M ille 
sugacissiinut observator, tic simplicLssiiuu4 
annotalor fuit." 

P. 18, 3; 5. 20, "yet hear that divine 
Seneca, b«ttor (diud mjci-e i/wtm nihil" (cf. 
vol. ii. p. 8i>. n- 3 ; 20.^ u. t ; Part. II. sect. iii. 
Miera. iv. ; Krasm., 'Uollixi,' 'Conviv. Poet.,' 
half through ; Manniiigham's ' Diary.' Canid. 
.Soc, p. 132). .See Pliny. Ep. i. 0. "Satius 
enira est, ut .Atilius nostcr eruditissime siinul 
et faooti.ssime dixit, otiosum esse quam nihil 
agere. " 

P. 1$>, 2 ; •>, 2, "oop. oop" (tli'iir, liilir). Not 
jiarl of tlie frogs' cry this, but Charon's. 

P. 20, I, anil n. 3 ; C, 30, and n. q, " in thin 
scribbling ag<i otpecially." "Libroa Eunuchi 
jignunt, steriie.H pariunt" J. V. Andreii, 
'.Menippus' dial. 84. p. Ii2, "hoc sorip- 
turientc hocuIo, quo E. g., 8. p." 

P. 20, 13 ; C, .39, " Uibo thought and held 
Folyiuuthes and Polyhistors." 'Moaippus,' 

dial. 31, (id fin., " nam ut polimatheit & poll- 
histores dicantur, in omnem togatam, arma- 
tam, qolutara, ligatam, exoticam ii tuisticatu 
erunitionem irruuut." 

P. 20. 1.1 ; C, 40, "to get a paper-kinKdom." 
'Menippus,' dial. 39, p. 70, "i regnum c»r- 
taceum magno sui^ercilio occupant." 

P. 20,20; G, 45. "They will rush into all 
learning. Ojijnlam, nyiii'ttain," itc. See laxt 
note but one. 

P. 20, 21 ; 6. 46, "rake over all hidtxett." 
'Menippus,' dial. 31, p. 56, *' Xam nt ez 
indicihus libroruni tumultuarie cuUccti," Jcc 
P. 20, 22; C. 47, "cum non sint re vera 
doctioreii, sed loquaciores." .See ' iMenippas,' 
dial. 39. ad^tin., " non meliores illos auL roram 
certiores esae aliis, sed lubriciores ac loqoa- 

P. 20, 28 ; 7. 4, " As Apothecaries we make 
new mixtures every day. pour out of one 
vessel into another." ' Menippus,' dial. .'11, 
p. 56. " B. Sed velut o magno dolio aiinuta 
raulta replentur, ita magna eruditiouio priactv 
volumina in libellos minutos discinduiitur, 
laceranturque. A. Si ita sit, quos chyiuicos 
oredidi, tran.sfu»<ores saltern sunt." Cf. iSteme. 
' Tristram Shandy,' vol. iv. ch. i., in n-vnl. ed. 
(1782), " Shall we for ever make new books, 
as apothecaries make new mixtures, by poar- 
ing only out of one vessel into another ? " 
Sterne's unacknowledged indebtedness iu thij 
passage surprised Dr. Ferriar. and was pro- 
nounced by Mr. Traill to be "the most extra- 
ordinary instance of literary elVrontery ever 
met with." Certainly Sterne has here done 
more than look over the hedge, but Burton 
is scarcely the sole claimant of the stoleu 

P. 21, n. 4 ; 7, n. c, "E Democriti puteo." 
For the origin of the phrase see Cicero, 
'Acad. Prior.,' ii. 10, .32 ("Naturaiu accuna, 
quie in prof undo veritatem. ut ait Dcraocritua, 
penitus abstruserit"), and Diog. Laert., 9, 72 
(fi- fivOif V aAi)(9£«a). Prof. J. S. Koid 
remarks ou the passage of Cicero that the 
ordinary rendering " well " for /ivOoi is far 
too weak, and suggests "abyss." It may 
be noted that Lactantius (' Inst..' iii. 28, 13) 
has "Democritus quasi in /mlco <)ao<iarn sic 
altu, ut fundus sit uuUus, veritatem iacere 

P, 22, 14: 8, 2. "raagno conatu nihil 
aeimus.'' Cf. Terence. ' Haut. Tim.,' sil 
(IV. i. 8), and Bacon. 'Essays,' 26. 

P. 22, 28; 8, 15. ".sine injuii;i." See 
Camerarius, 'Symbol, ot Enibleni.,' ocnt* iJL 
91 ; the words are the motto of the umbleni. 
Camerarius quut^>s Lucretius, iii. 1 1, which 
KHrt<in also gives, and uses the jiasi^age of 
Varro (iii. 16, 7) which we find in Burton. 


10" 8. 11. Acu. 13, 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


p. 2:<, 10; >J, 35. with "Erasmus, nihil 
inoroiiius honiiDum judiciis." ' AiJagia,' under 
i" Ne boH quidetn pereat,'' p. TO."), col. 1, in 
~. J. Oryiiieus'e'Adagia' (1029), 5. c. 'Vicinus': 
' Xiliil <v<t huroano ingenio iuuidentius, uihil 
bominum judiciis moroaius." 

I'. 30, II. 9; li>, n. k, "Stylus hie nullus 
jirjeter ])arrhesittin." Again from Andreii 
I' MenippuB,' p. -2, 1617, dedication to the 

P. 31, 3 ; 12, -45, "—vox es, pncterea nihil, 

kc." Shilleto gives the reference to Plutarch, 

but Burton's immediate source was prolmbly 

LLi|>sius, 'AdversUK Dialogistam Liiser,' ad 

anit. ('Op.,' vol. iv. p. 27!t, ed. ICVr.) : " Lacon 

' quidam ad lu8ciniani : Vnr e»,prwtrrea nihil." 

Cf. ' Anat.,' i. 12S, n. .'• ; 71, n. k. 

Er)w.\KD Bbxsly. 
The Uaiveraity, Adelaide, South Aiutralis. 
{Tit lit eoiUimiul.) 

V.*M>iiiNi: LosDON.— I*iokaxe and shovel 
|have been buwy of lalo, clearing the space 
t the junction of Kentish Town Road and 
iigh Street, Camden Town, within a stone's- 
irow of the " Mother lied Cap." Thus there 
Jisappeiira from the corner what must cer- 
'lly have Ix-cn one of the oldest milk busi- 
aes in I>ondon. Who does not remember 
irown's Dairy, which stood out so pro- 
liuently to form quite a picturesque feature 
aioiigst its somewhat dingy surroundings 1 
There was a certain quaint, almost eccle- 
liasticat look about the shop to appeal in- 
ritingly to the eye and prompt a visit to the 
elean ami cool interior with its refreshing 
'*cteal display. For "Brown's" pleasant 
iiemorie>i must linger with many. What 
hall we got in its stead ( 

Many changes are taking place in this 
listrict southwards. Witness great gaps 
the west^-rn side of JIampstcad Koad. 
ilthough No. 2<i3 of that thoroughfare, with 
[ts commemorative tablet to Ci«)rge Cruik- 
Ijiank, tlii^ famous carit-aturisl, still leniains. 
! Tiitlonham Court Floail of yore vanishes 
notably its eastern side,' where well- 
rn premises have either Ijeeii rebuilt or 
A present in a state of re-eroctioii. 
Turning into Tottenham Street, we find 
brand-new playhouse of somewhat novel 
stcrior rai!>e<l Mvon the site of once fashion- 
_ l)le Prince of Wales's Theatre. Hut shall 
we have such dainty pieces, such iK'ifect 
stales of acting, as were wont to entice us 
vvithin the old familiar, if unlovely, walls ? 
Xous verrons ! Cecil Ci..\nKE. 

Messrs. Coutts's Removal.— In the Ihihi 
iatl of Monday, 1 August, there was a 

paragraph on the above interesting subjects 

It said : — 

"Ta! • uf the empty streets nf 

yealei' 'le fiimous banking lioiiso of 

Messr- » as transferred from iis old 

to its uew iirciiiiiies, A strong force of (Kilice waa 
present to guard against possible raids, and a scoro 
of coniiiiis.iioiiaircs acted as jiortera daring iha 
transfer of hundreds of thousands of jmunds in 
securities from one side of the .Strand to the oilier. 
The interesting event jiaased off without any- 
mishap. From to-morrow the business of the bank; 
will l>e carried on at the new premises at No. 440,- 
Strand, nearly opixisile Charing Cross StatioD." 

It may be worth recording that the old' 
home of this well-known bank occui>ieil the 
centre of the site of the New Exchange,, 
which, says John Tioibs, "is marke<l by tlie 
houses Nos. 54 to >>i, Strand," CouttKi'a 

f>remises being No. M, built in 17(^. The- 
lank now just completed and opened for 
business has taken the place of the Lowther 
Arcade, the paradiMO of the children of a 
bygone day, demolishefl only a year or two 

ago. W. E. H.VKLAND-OXLKy. 


LoNc.E.'^T Telkgr.vm. — Tho following ex- 
tract from the Olafjuti} lla'nld of Tuettday, 
2 August., is perhaps worth noting : — 

" A Record Telegram.— For some time jMut it 
has been known that the decision of the House of 
Ix^rda in the Free Church ap|>cal would bedelivenxl 
towards the beginning of .-^ngust, suit there wa» 
naturally in all the Churches vei v ti> 

learn as early and us fully an yi.»~ ■( 

(he judgment. Arrangemcuin «•. ,j .:\9 

Ifrrn/d to supply the public want m these 
pnrliuulars, and we present to iMir mu\i>r* today 
a vcrlsilim report of lIi' '•» 

House of Lords yi'- n 

addition interviews wiU , i» 

as to the effects of the reversal of tho judgment of 
tho Court of .Session. It may )■« of interest to 
sliitu that the telegnu peeuhea 

c<inai>ts of lietwecn 4i' :■*, anil 

tlml it \» the longest " -, > er the 

wires to any nows)>Bper," 

Iba('.f£. : ITS Pronunciation.— Before thfr 
' ()xf<»rd Dictionary ' reaches letter )', I t»k» 
the liberty of suggesting that the lexico- 
graphers engago<l on this grand work see to 
it that the correct pronunciation be givrn 
of tho word viking. The various dictionaries 
that 1 have seen give the correct etymology, 
of counie — to wit, i-ik\ a bay, inlot, nnrl turm. 
•in7, onewlio belongs to or f. ' >„ 

itc. : but all — with tlie except 1 i- 

(lerial Dictionary '—bow to tlii' imiuic s nus- 
pronuia-iation of the word, v'l'-kinii. It is to 

l«" ' ' •' •' the 'Oxforti' will "not be s» 

ai as its precursors, but will 

8t.i>^ .....V ,.,^ ^tixd \% 4V»\^. %.vA iei«<«v.'«««i««*^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. uo^ »• u. Arc. 13. i9m. 

vik'-itig, the i in vik as in t/ive, althoagh with 
a triflo longer nound. Heuman Stauierg. 

UiiioD Ciul), New York. 

[The pronunciation of VH^ing hM been discuueU 
ftt conBiderable length in ' N. &. Q.' See 7"' S. x. 
3«7. 492 : xi. :«, 1.-M : xii. 253.] 

Westminster Hall Flooded. (See 8"" S. 
vii. 265.) — At the above reference a corre- 
spondent quoted from Sir Richard Hutton's 
' Reports.' 1056, an instance of tloodinx West- 
minster Hall in lCi9. I was reminded of this 
when reading an account of the thunder- 
storm which visited London on 25 July. The 
rush of water was so great that the sewers 
proved inadequate to carry it away, and 
some of the streets were turned into minia- 
ture rivers. From the descriptive account 
in the Daily Mail of 26 July I extract the 
following paragraph : — 

" Pulttce Vurd was Hooded, and tlie water ran 
over the );reater part of the lloor of Weslmingter 
Hall, giving the place the appearance of a swini- 
niing bath preiwred for all-ni^ht titters. The wet, 
which got to the hot-water pi{>e8, sent up clouds of 
ateam, and statues of the mooarcha enveloped in 
vapour appeared very curious." 

John T. Paoe. 

West Haddon, Northamptonshire. 

Plays at St. Alban's Grammar School. 
— In the accounts of St. Alban's Grammar 
School, 16,57-1750, which Mr. Charles H. 
Ashdown is transcribing for the Jl'tiiw 
Counties Magazine, occur the following 
■entries of plays acted by the boys :— 

Item, payd the Drummer for Drumminge when 
the boyoii broake up the l.V' of lOber, llili2, 
«X) 02». 00(/. 
_ Item, payd the .Musicke for playeinge the ?evrall 
8c'enea when the iMtyes acted the Two CunimiKtics 
of Lingua and The Jealous Lovers at two of their 
breakings up, £U0 10.. (XV/. 

Item, given to the boyea that acted, £00 Ooh. 0I>'. 

' Lingua ' is in Hazlitt's ' Dodsley,' vol. ix., 
and was written before 160.3 and printed in 
1607. 'The Jealous Lovers' is by Thomas 
Randolph, 1632. F. J. F. 

"GiviNo THE Hand" in Diplomai y.— At 
£"'8. vi. 106, under tlie reference 'Diplomatic 
Etiquette,' is an extract from the otticial 
instructions to Lord Kuckinghamshire, when 
appointed in 176ii .\mbassauor to Russia, in 
the course of which the order of Charles IL 
was repeate<l that Ambassadors should not 
"give the hand in their own house to Envoys," 
but " take the hand of Envoys in their own 
housa" No explanation of these terms was 
added, but it is turnished by "A Foreign En- 
voy," nearly thirty years later, in a letter to the 
i Wtttiuimter Gaielle of 12 July, as follows : — 

"To 'give the hand,' in the diplomatic language 
<d th« seventeenth century, does not mean to shake 

hands, but to allow aomebody to walk or sit on 
right-hand side— that is to say, to t;< ) 

Thus, M'hen Charles II. forlioiie liix ■ 

'give the hand in their own houitc ^" i.'i 
thereby simply directed them to maintain 
habitual precedence over Envoys, even wh< 
Envoy was the Ambassador')) guest, and iiUb"> 
therefore expect to sit on the riglii side of his host. 
This is quite plain by tlie wording of the inatnic- 
tions, which at the same time direct Ambacaaiion 
to ' tAke the hand of Envoys,' i'.<., to take prtoo- 
dence over them." 


*The Dukery REroRDs.'— This is the tiC 
of a new Nottinghamshire book which 
now in course of distribution to subscriber*,^ 
It is the output of one of the olde.'it con 
tributors to 'N. & Q.'— Mr. Robert Wiu 
of Worksop, who is still, in his eight 
sixth year, engaged in literary work. 'Tl 
Dukery Records' is in every way a m' 
notable Nottinghamshire IxKtk, and tl 
greater portion of its pages is taken up wv 
the result of researches in many unaccmt^ 
tonied places. Many notable things are 
shown for the first time, and points which in 
Notts history have puzzled antiquaries are 
now made clear. The book contains treasure* 
of high historical value. Mr. White himMlf 
is the publisher. Thos. Ratcliffj 


CiiiiKET Umpiee-s' Garb. — A correspond 
of the Oiuirdian of 20 July claims for tl 
late Rev. Henry Pearson Bainbriiige, Vi 
of Ganton, who died on 2 July, the crudit 
being the originator of the long white coai 
worn by umpires: "They were adopted 
forming a good background for the players 
(p. 2018), This note may solace many i 
quirers. St. Switiiin. 

Capb Dutch Lahouaoe. — It ia curie 
that one of the two sister languages of ou 
great South .\frican empire, the Taal, 
Cape Dutch, has until the last few yeaif 
received no recognition from our gran 
raarians. It was only in IftOl that a wel 
known and capable philologist. Miss 
Werner, of Kings College, published a shor 
grammar. This charming little book i| 
frankly elementary; for the advanced student 
if he can read German, a volume has iuat 
been published in Hartleben's two-shillini 
series (Leipzig, 1904), 'Praktisches Lehrbucf 
der Burensprache,' which I can recommendj 
The compiler, Dr. N. Marais-Hoogenhout 
goes fully into the peculiarities of Cap* 
Dutch accidence ; but an even more welcome 
feature of his work, for practical purf 
is the appendix of thirty-three extracts foe 
reading practice, drawn from modern Afru 


»o^s.u.ADt;.i3.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


nder authors, and provided with copious 

lOtes and a vocabulary. The dialect of 

rl in taken as the norm. Some of the 

tracts are oriKiual Soutli African prose or 

«rse, others are translateil from standard 

rraan or Englinh writers. Among the 

tter I am glad to find a portion of the life 

of President Garfield, and Keitz's quaint 

rendering of Byron's ' Maid of Athens,' begin- 


Sannie Beyers, eer ons iky, 
<je my hart icrug »n my ! 

One very amusing piece of topical poetry 
is that in which martial law, personined as 
^larlji Louw (i.e. Martha Louw), is denounced, 
the epithet with which she is qaalilto<l in the 
following verse being, it will lie retneiiibered, 
-that which was once applied to Queen 
Victoria : — 

.Ja, Martji Louw 
In 'n hi-aai on-frou. 
Mar 'k hoor, sy le op aterwe. 
la ay eera doot, 
Dan '■ doar (i^en noot 
Una fry-heit weer le erwe. 
distinction between Cape Dutch and 

Dutch is roughly similar to that 

between Yiddish and literary German. Sim- 
|>lif]cation has proceeded even further than 
in English. Grumraatical gender has dis- 
appeared, so have all inflections of noun and 
adjective. Even the pronouns, at least in the 
plural, no longerdiffercntiate between nomina- 
tive and accusative. The Boer makes mm play 
the part of both " we " and " us," and hulk of 
^^K>th " they " and " them," besides which un» 
^Hpd hull' also do for " our " and " their." In 
^^Bie verb there is no distinction between the 
^^■ersons. Just as vulgar Hindustani makes 
^Bflido duty for the whole present tense of 
the verb "to be." so the Boer says ek in, /// m, 
A;/ is, on* is, jidlc is, hulle is. The same liolds 
eood of every verb in the language. The 
diminutive termination, in literary Dutch -je, 
is use<i about as commonly as in Scotch, and 
has the same sound as the Scotch -ie. Thus it 
is that the kopje of the higher style of ortho- 
graphy is never colloquially pronounced 
<)therwise than koppie. The foreign element 
in the vocabulary of the Taal is comparatively 
Jarge. The long historical connexion between 
the Cape and the Dutch East India Company 
introduced into the language a number of 
■words from the Malayo-I'ortuguese, which in 
ose days servetl as liiujua franoi throughout 
le Orient. Such are, for example, ussefrnai, 
JH.7 or baii>/a (very), karlel, kraal, majulooi; 
kic, niili (nipalie), imi, pik<inini, sjambok, 
nuuti, tronk (Portuguese trotu-o), ifcc. A 
onil important element is formed by 
,blos borrowed from the Hottentots, witli 

whom the Dutch were early brought into 

contact, or from the Kafirs, whom they met 

lat'Cr. Examples, dnitw, iinpi, /Miree, kiri 

I (knob-kerrie), koedoe, ourebi. The growing 

I influence of English is most visible in the 

I syntax. From this reading - book can be 

readily gathered a sheaf of phrases which 

require an explanation to a German, but are 

perfectly clear to an Englishman ; such as 

ek dinX- so (I think so), dit ni fair ni (That's 

' ' ' !• dl dinij (Do you 

not fair), 'jant /// ook m J'er 
for the tiling ?), &c 

also go in I 

J.*s. Vlatt, Jud. 


Wk must reijiiest corre8|>oiiil«iitB dciirini; in- 
foriiiation on fuiiiily niat ters of only private iotereat 
to atliic their names aud aiidreakes to their queries, 
in order that the answers may be addressed to them 

Westminster School Boap.dixc;-houses.— 
At various times there have been many such 
houses, and they were mostly situated in 
Great and Little College Streets, Groat and 
Little Smith Streets, Groat and Little Dean's 
Yards, and Abingdon Street. So far as I 
can trace, the principal ones have been Mrs. 
Bereaford's, Fitzgerald's, Vincent Bourne's, 
Tollett's, Ludforas, Hytton's, Mr.n. Catherine 
Porten's, Uilkiah Bedford's, Clapham's, Mrs. 
DritHeld's, Clough's, Farren's, Burgess's, Mrs. 
Morell's, Glover's, Smedley's, and Grant's. 
We are told that Button's, where Charles 
Wesley boarded, was in Little College Street. 
Is the position which it occupied in the street 
known ( There are none of the old houses 
now left. Mrs. Catherine Porten established 
hers "in College Street in 1748," and it was 
here that Edward Gibbon boarded, the pro- 

Erietor being his aunt. Was it in Great or 
ittle College Street ? Jf rs. Porten after- 
wards moved into a presumably larger house, 
" on the terrace at tne south side of Dean's 
Yard.'' Is the house known 1 Clapham's 
was, I believe, after >vards known as Jones's, 
Best's, Benthall's. and since 184Gas Rigaud's. 
The last was rebuilt. I have been told, in 
1897, and, like Grant's, is still existent, as is 
also, I Ijolieve, the one originally known as 
Mrs. Driffield's, which at a subsequent time 
Ijecarae Scott's. Burgess's was in Great 
Smith Street. I shall be glad to know its 

S>8ition. Jeremy Bentham boarded at Mrs. 
orell's, which makes it of considerable 
interest. As this locality is fast being im- 
proved out of knowle<lge and existence, it 
may he difficult in a very short time to trace 
these houses. W. E. Habla.xd-Oxls.x. 




NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. n. aw. is. ism. 


FoTnERiNiiAY. — Has any explanation ever 
been given of the name of Fotlieringay ( I 
see it is sometimes spell FollieiinijlKiii. VVIiicli 
is correct.' The unfailing interest connccte<l 
with Mary Stuart makes everything related 
to her of note. ' Heloa. 

SwANSAMEs. — Will some one kindly tell 
rae the name!) of the male and female swan ? 
I understand they are only mentioned in very 
old natural hi.stories. E. W. 

TaALM sisi;, WEAVEns.— This quasi-pro- 
verbial phrase was familiar to me in my 
youth. I find that Tennyson uses it in ' Queen 
Stary,' III. iv. :— 

Doniiir. I am on fire until I see them flame. 

(!anliii< r. Ay, the paalm-sinKinK weavers, oob- 
blent, aeuiii. 

But T am inclined to think this an ana- 
chronism. Does not the phrase refer to the 
French Huguenot weavers of Spitalfields, who 
had certainlynotcome thither m Mary's time? 
Can any one give some authentic account 1 
The Indexes of ' X. J^ y. ' fail me. 

C. B. Moist. 
Phhasrs AND Refkrence.— What is the 
origin of "<^ueen Anne is dead," "Tlie 
coroner's cuj),' "St. Giles's cup," "Brown and 
Thompson's I'euny Hotels," '' Wet and dry 
l^uakei-s"? Mediculus. " 

[For Queen Anne ace 4"" H. iii. 467. J 

Nine Maiden.'*.— In Cornwall the stone 
circles are commonly known as " Nine 
Maidens." There are at least four of them 
remaining within five miles of Penzance. 
Fdraonds, in his 'Land's End District," says 
that they all consisted of nineteen stones or 
pillars, standing upright from 3 ft. to & f t. 
above ground, and he thinks that the term 
" Nine Maidens " is an abbreviation for 
" Nineteen ilaidens." 

Do the stone circles existing in other parts 
of the kingdom consist of nineteen stones ? 
Hdmonds points out that the inner circle 
at Stonehenge contains nineteen stones. Is 
this the case elsewhere? and if .so, where? 
What is the signification of the number 
nineteen 7 and what is the derivation of the 
>vord " maidens '' in this connexion '/ 

W. G. D. F. 

l'.\ni:<H Clekk. — The race of the old- 
fashioned parish clerk is fast passing away. 
Many stories of his quaintn&ss, his curious 
manners and customs, still exist, and I am 
tr3'ing to collect these Ijeforo they are quite 
forgotten, i shall lie very grateful if any of 
your rtjaders will kindly send me descriptions 
of the old-ftt?hioned services which oxistod 
ir <iddlo uf the last century, and per- 

haps Btill linger on in obscure villager and 
country towns. The old clerk was often a 
very worthy person, who servetl God and didi 
his duty according to his lights and know- 
ledge, and stories of his faitlifulness, as well 
as of his quaintness, would be very accept- 
able. P. H. Ditch HKLD. 
Barkliam Rectory. Wokingbani. 

" OiR Eleven Day.'*."- When O.S. reckon- 
ing cea.sed in England with 2 September, 
1752. the .sun rose next morning on the 14tli : 
the date was a.s it would liavo been if eleven 
clear days had actually intervened. How is- 
it, then, that the calculations in Bond'x. 
' Hanily-Book for Verifying I>ate«,' relating 
to subseqjient years of the eighteenth cen- 
tury, allow for an interval of only tem com- 
plete days l)etween Old Style and New 1 — e.ij,, 
1 .March, O.S. 1799, is said to correspond 
with 12 ^larch N.S. (p. 9). This view wa* 
also taken by the winner of the first prize in 
the competition lately instituted by the Tinufi 
for the advertisement of the ' Encyclopjeditt 
Britannica.' I have a printed copy of hi» 
answers l)efore me now, in which it is asserted 
that 1 March N.S., 17C6, corresftontls witl> 
18 February O.S., and 1 March O.S. witb 
12 March N.S. 

I observe that the 'E.B.' says (vol. iv, 
p. 677) the legal year O.S. began on 25 J/rtjA 
This is surely a misprint for March. 

St. Swithis. 

[Our friend St. Switiiin ia under a niisappre- 
tiension. Tlio statement iiuotc-d from Bond agree* 
with .St. SwiTuls's own. tjT. Swithis statei ia 
the third line tnat .3 .September U.S. was called 
14 September N.S., as is generally agreed. Bond 
and the ' K. 15.' comj)Ctit«r stale that 1 March O.S. 
ia 12 March N S., and conaeijiiently that 3 M&reb 
O.S. is 14 Mareh Is'.S., whii'h ttgreea perfectly with 
St. SwiTlll.v's own instance, liond omits tltint. 
days (not ten, as St. Sw ithi.s stales alwve), for it 
the day following the end uf February is calledi 
12 March, eleven days have been oniitlcu.] 

Silk Men : Silk Throwstkbs.— I nhouldl 
bo glad of any information as to the olc) 
guilds of "Silk .Men," "Silk W onion," and 
"Silk Throwsters," which flourished in tb»j 
early part of the .seventeenth century. 

S. Goituos. 

" Loci tesentks."— This queer expression,! 
meant as a plural of loriivi truent. is used by 1 
a moJical gentleman in the 'Editor's Post-' 
Bag ' of the Diuhj Ntim for .Monday, 25 .July. 
Is it an established locution in the medical I 
profeosion f I do not reroemlxir having seenj 
It before. .). P. Owkn. 

Tall E.HSI-.X Woman, Mits. Goudon.— Where- 
can I find any mention of her except in th© j 


io"> s. u. Acc. 13, 19M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


G«ntlejnan'» Magazinf. ! She was exhibited 
to the royal family, and died in 1737. 

118. Pall Mall. 

French XovEr..— Can any of vour readers 
give mo particulars as to autliorship and 
date of an old French story of society in the 
reiKii of Louis XVI., entitled 'Le Chateau 
I de Tours,' or something similar ? J. G. 

Pilgrims' Ways.— The more ono works 
fnpon these old roads, the more fascinating 
(and the more dilKcult) they hecome. Can 
any reader refer nie to authorities nr tradi- 
tions earlier than 1850-00, irJeniifying any 
j ^'^y, (*?*'■'' from the London, Dover, and 
ISandwicli roads) as being associated with the 
pilgrimages to the shrine of St. Thomas' 
Most of the "evidence " I can find falls back 
ujHjn the Ordnance Surs-ey; and the director 
of the Survey tells me that the notes of the 
syvevor-s, on which they based their lines 
of Pilerims' Ways, were not preserved or 
published. Pointa of particular difficulty 
[ »re :— 

1. What was the line from Winchester to 

2. From St. Martha's, Guildford, to Merst- 
ham ? 

3. From Gravelly Hill, above Godstone, to 
Pilgrim House, above Westerliam ? 

4. Where did the bulk of the Winchester- 
Canterbury pilgrims cross the Me<Jway ? Did 
any appreciable number cross at Aylesford, 

ibnodlaud, or Hailing (as usually stated)? 
land if Ro, why ? 

5. Did the pilgrims habitually use the piece 
I v,*y," '^5'''"'' Charing 'f And if so, 

^why did they not take the road by Challock 
^ees, Molash, and Chilham 7 

•i. Does not the Pilgrims' Way. beyond 
Charing and Eastwell Park, run almost 
•Jirectly to Lyiune or some ancient port 
eastward thereof? And did it not run so a 
thousand years before Becket's martyrdom ? 
V "• What were tlie objective points of the 
iwo pieces of Pilgrims' Way south east of 
Canterbury, by Barton Fields, Hoa<i Farm, 
Jatri3ctjourne,and Shepherd's Close to Hefion 
■^ood ; and by Great Bos^sington, Ulliuglon, 
Joodncstone Park, and Chillenden ? 
^ Can any readers give mo reference t.o the 
plgnms' Way from the ]':astern Counties 
Wiich came to the ferry at West Thurrock 
^1(1 entered Kent at Ingress Abbey ] 
Can any ono tell me when the London - 
t>vor road deserted the old Watling Street 
uv fr,.n, Stroofl. by Shorne Wood, Shingle- 
-pniighead, to Dartford : and took 
li-^-^-iu. course by Gadshill, Chalk, North- 

fleet, and GreenhithoJ In 1C75 (Ogilby) it 
took its present course. 

Just one more question. Is the term 
Pilgrims' Way, or Pilgrim -Way. at all 
generally used as denoting a bridle-path 7 
At Eastwell Park, on " the " Pilgrims' Way. 
I met a ganiekee(>er who spoke of several 
lanes thereabout as "only a short cut or 
pilgrim- way " ; and I wonder whether this is 
the sense in which the informants of the 
Ordnance surveyors described the lanea 
south-east of Canterbury. 

H. Snowden Waed. 
Hadlow, Kent. 

Waugoner's Wells.— What is the origin 
of this place-name 7 It is given to a series 
of ponds in Hampshire, near the Surrey 
border, and is sometimes spelt Wakener's 
Wells. It is presumable that it has no con- 
nexion with waggon or the drivers of wag- 
gons. Can it have anything to do with the 
blower of a horn, who awakened the echo 
which can be heard in this valley 7 In Saxon 
times there was a law in Kent (the twenty- 
eighth law of Wihtrted) to the effect that if 
a stranger approached a vilta^e in any other 
manner than by the road he had to shout or 
blow a horn, otherwise he would be reckoned 
a thief and summarily dealt with (see G. 
Baldwin Brown. ' The Arts in Early England,' 
ISK)."!, vol. i. p. 81). Can this be a spot where 
it was usual to blow a horn in this way 7 

H. W. Undekix)WN. 

Rules ok Ciikistian Life. — I remember 
that in my youth, and later, there was in 
every bedroom in this house, and in many 
other houses, a framed set of rules of Christiaa 
life. It began thus : — 

CliriBtian, remember 
That tliou hiut to-day 
A (k)(l to glorify, 
A soul to save. &c. 

I believe it was a translation from similar 
rules in some foreign monastery. I should 
much like to get a copy, either in Latin or 
English. _ Heniiy N. Ellacombe. 

Bitton Vicarage, Bristol. 

.loHK BUTLKR, M.P. FOR Su.ssEX, 1747, 1754, 

A.ND 17G1. — What was the date or approxi- 
mate date of his birth 7 H. C. 

Bacon and the Drama of his Aue.— It 
has been asserted that Bac(m spoke with 
great disdain about the dramatic stage and 
theatricals of his own age (cf. Kuno Fischer's 
work on 'Francis Bacon,' second edition, 
1875, p. 2.S0). Where did Bacon pass this 
judgment 7 To quote his words would be 
dearrable. ^. "?c«s.'e».. 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [ify- s. n. aw. is. igot 

AnTHORS OK Quotations Wantkd.— I am 
nuxiona to trace to their sources Liio follow- 
ing quotations ■.~- 

I. TraD8«at. hoc quoqiie inter fueici* bona. 

'2. Krrorei iiriniiu oouoocuuoiii nro corriKODlur 
in aecauda aul tenia. 

3. IngeuioBus in alienia ma]i«. 

4. Omnia niea dGsideria, labores oninea, omnea 

5. Sum aimilior anibigenti. 

I sliould al^o like to be able to explain the 
references in the following : — 

(L "Virloe ii I'eregrina in terria, in ctelo 


7. " 1 have thia day firacttml the rule of life, 
Uiffidere" (cf. Uacon. •Nov. Onj.." i. 92, " Pru- 
•lentia civilia ex ura'acrijilo ditiidit."). 

M. "The word* of thie tragedian. Jam maniueta 
mala" (cf. Livy, iii. 16, " MauBuetuni id malum"). 

In the following quotations the author it* 
given, but not the exact reference. 

(I. Ego snleo bortari amicoa meoi ut in molan- 
cholicia atfectionibuii abatineant a validioribus 
remediis. ((ialen.) 

10. Omnia morbua contra complexionatum pati- 
entia vel temporia eat periculoaus aut longus. 
(Avicenna. ) 

II. In adveraitiea to compreH murmur, "for our 
Providence," aaylh he, "'is loo abort to judge 
whether there may not lie, under the oulaide of an 
apparent evil, lome unimaginable good." (I'lato. ) 

I'Z. In which of bia writings did Averrhoea d«i- 
pcribe the aituation of Wnice aa being seated in 
the very middle noint tmlween the ef^uinoctial and 
the Nurthero Pole, at 4d degreea preciaely ? 

H. W. 



(10"' S. ii. 67.) 

The earliest English bathing-machines 
were, I think, tho*e introduced by a Mr. Beale 
at Margate. I have apparently mislaid a 
large engraving (trade card) of his which, it 
I mistake not, contains a date. Toward* 
the end of the eighteenth century .Tames 
Mitchener was sunplying machines, also at 
Margate. His tratle card— or more properly 
shop bill— affords a representation of an 
enclosure on the shore, an olfice, waiting- 
room, and very quaint machines. The 
undertaking is advertised as follows : — 

"At Margate in the lale of Thanot, Kent, ia 
Erected by .lames MilchenerConiniodious .Mauhinea 
for tiatlung in the Sea. Where the Nobility 
(ientry & uihera who are pleaaed to Favour him 
may deficnd on all jiosBible Care with a proper 
liuideforlhe Ladiea, and himnelf for the (lenlle- 
men, and their Favours thankfully acknowledg'd 
bv Their most Obedient and humble .Servant, .lamea 
Mitchener. Kliubeth Row*. Guide." (Maaouio 
emblem* in the margin.) 

Later in date— perhaps 1810-20—18 the 

well-engravad ticket of .\iiiida« and Mary 
Sutilon, also of " Margate in Kent." Hen, 
again, is a private enclosure, liathing* 
machines of a type npproxinmting to Lliat of 
those now in use, and "a neat and convenient 
Bathing Room," with ntflpi* leading down to 
the sea. Internal comfort is suggentcfl by tfie 
presence of a chimney, and tlie femuJo buthen 
were conduct«»d to the ocean by the lady 

Eliot Uouuki.s. 

of the I«le of 
de<i a« a direc- 
ing to Margate, 

ii puny 

' the 




herself as a guide. 

In "A short J). 
Thanet ; being cii; 

tory for the comji:^ .„ _. . 

Ramsgate, and 1^ . ' i)ul)lisheu at 

Margate in 1796, the • account is 

given of the bathing at 

"Neartheiea are f. ■ > : -i . ..;..iM. ..■.,. v.i^ 1, 
rooma, which are the k' ■ •■ ■ :'■ i ' '•' ' 
every morning, and wiitre tii'v 
gait water, or in their several t 
the machines to any depth in : 
conduct of careful and ex|>erieiic<xl k ">" 

the machine ia a door through whi. •■t* 

descend a few steps into the water, w : .ire 

concealed from public view by an umbi ' «» 

attached to the back part ui the nn ut 

forty of these machines are freiinently eni|iluye<1 
every morning. The public are obliged to Benjamin 
Ileale. one of the people calletl yu,i!-'- * ■• the 
invention of them ; their struolure is pie 

and convenient, and the iileasures of ' ly. 

under their friendly shaoe, be eiijuyed iii su pritato 
a manner, aa not to otTend the strictest and most 
retiued delicacy." ^J 

I have a small engraving (about 6ia. by H 
.3iin.) headed "For Bathing in the sea at ™ 
Margate in the Isle of Tlmnet, Kent," It 
shows the machines in difl'erent positionss 
and the bathing - rooms mentioned aliove. 
There is no date or name on the engraving ; 
but it may probably be a))out the s&uo dato 
as the 'Directory,' or a little earlier. 

J. F. K. 

In the Ilaint Counti'rt Matfaiinf for October, 
19t)3, a facsimile was given of a businew oard 
relating to l>athing in the sea at Margate It 
bears no date, but may presumably belong t4t 
the latter years of the eighteenth century. 
The upi^erpartof the card contains arouBmy 
drawn representation of a bathing-machino 
being drawn by a horse up the beach to- 
wards a bathing-house. On the side of tlie 
machine is inscribed in large letters " W(X)d'«i 
Machine," and on the space in the picture 
devotetl to the sky is displaye<l the legend. 
"Careful Guides to the l^adieji. Thos. Wood 
to Gentlemen." Beneath the picture is the 
following advertisement: — 

"At Marynite in Kent, Thomr.- "- • '-' - "atnr 
tn William Crow, hath every f'>r 

Uaihing in the Sea at his Kc ■ 'ft, 

with caraful Guide* by whom all ir'avuuia will ba 

■ 10«> 


I0«'8.ILAm;.13.19W.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



gratefullj acknowledged. A ColVee Koom adjoiDing 
M'here the London I'apera are daily provided. 
<Jonvcnieiit LodginRs and 8uWes. I'oat Chaises 
nd Saddle Horses to hire.' 

In an old ' Guide to ilargate, Hamsftate, 
Broadstairs,' At., n.d., publislietl by Br»iaer, 
Margate, is given a picture of a bathing- 
niacliine very similar t<i Wootl's. In the 
Adjacent letterpress is the following sen- 
tence : — 

" It may also be remarked that Mar);ate claims 
•credit for the invention of the convenient and com- 
fortable machines at present universally adopted 
on all parts of the coant. They were first used in 
the rear IT.'iO, by Mr. lieale, of Margate, a member 
of the .Society of Friends : so that it would be 
literally uniuat if Margate did not come in for her 
■hare of the euiulumcnts arising from bathiiiL', 
having been so instrumental in their establish' 

Beale's machines must have been very 
wonderful constructions, for in *A Guide to 
all the Watering and Sea Bathing Places ' 
<1803) it is recorded that they "may bo 
driven to any depth in the sea by careful 
guides" ! A contiguous engraving of Margate 
«how8 two bathing-machines standing in the 
water ready for use. See also 8'" S. iv. 34C, 
416. John T. Page. 

West Haddon, Kortbamptonshire. 

BathinK-machiues were used, if not in- 
vented, by Ralph Allen, who had one at 
Weymouth in 1763. A picture of them at 
Margate was in the Academy, 1775. Abun- 
<lant evidence is stored in ' >f . & 6.,' 7"' S. ii 

W. U. B. 

I In the edition of 'Humphry Clinkei' in 

I Jloscoe's "Modern Novelists," which contains 

some of Cruikshank's best work, is an 

engraving repre-senting 'Humphry's Zeal for 

I his Master,' whom he is dragging out by the 

|«ar from the sea at Scarborough. On the 

beach is a bathing-machine having a large 

hood at tlie l)ack, and several people are 

looking on. John Pkkkord, M.A. 

My brother R. W. Henderson, of Basing 
House, Uickmansworth. has a water-colour 
<lrawiiig by his great-grandfather, George 
Keate, of Margate, with bathing-machines, I 
think dal^d 1787. O. B. Hendeiwon. 

3, Bloonisbtiry I'lace. 

The invention of the bathing-machine is 
usually credited to one Benjamin Beale, a 
i^uaker, of Margate, who. safl to relate, is 
«aid to have ruined himself iu establishing 
ills invention, while his widow died in a 
Margate almshouse early last century. 

According to the Globe of 30 July, tii/j 
' In a Bathing Machine,' the earliest known 
/illusion to the machines at Margate occurs 

in tlie ' Travels ' of Dr. llichard Pococke, 
whore he refers to them as curiosities, and as 
being used at that Kentish seaside resort in 

In the Uoyal Academy Catalogue for 1775 
is the reference to a picture described as 
' A View of the Bathing-Machines, ifec, near 

The first bathing-machine at Weymouth 
was constructed for italph Allen about 1763. 
Much interesting information is contained 
in the above "turn-over- column" in the 
(riolie, which I should advise your corre- 
spondent to see. Cir.vs. Hall Ceouch. 

According to the ' Picture of Margate, being 
a Complete Guide to all Persons visiting 
Margate, Kamsgate, and Broadstairs' (1809), 

"The merit of this invention ia owing to Mr. 
Benjamin Beale, formerly an inhabitant of Margate : 
and whose widow lately died at Draper's [i.i.,at 
I ho almshouses there], but his successors, it is said, 
have rca|K'd far greater advantages from those 
nmchiiies than himself." 

I was taught swimming when a boyby 
John Beale, who kept a bathing establish- 
ment at Margate (and who was, I think, a 
grandson of the inventor) some sixty years 
ago. John Heub. 

Dr. Miinzel kindly supplies the following 
description of the picture of the bathing- 
machine which is preserved in his room at 
Hamburg. It bears these inscriptions : — 
On the left, " F. Russell, R. A., Crayon Painter 
to His Majesty, their R' H" the I'rince of 
Wales and Dulce of York " ; oti the right, 
" Engraved by W. Nutter " ; in the middle, 
"London, Published by Dieniar, No. 114, 
Strand." E. S. Doix;son. 

This subject has been very fully discu.ssed 
in the columns of ' N. & (j.' If your corre- 
spondent re<iuire8 information on alt the 
points raised in his query he should consult 
7"' S. ii. and 8^'' S. iv.", v., in which the 
question has been referred to on ten different 
occasions. Everard Home Coleman. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

Court Dress (IC* S. ii. 100).— There is a 
now Buckingham Palace uniform under the 
present King, which lias also been worn by 
His Majesty at Windsor. There have always 
been special uniforms of this description in 
various regal and viceregal households — for 
instance, one at Dublin Castle, and at 
the Viceregal Lodge., worn by aides-de-camp, 
though seldom by others. D. 

Amuan (10"" S. i. 506). — Amban is the 
Tibetan term for the representative of Chin? 


NOTES AND QUERIES. tio^ s. ii. aco. is. i«mL 

at the Court of Lha-sa. There are two, the 
senior Aniban and the junior Amban. 

Another Tibetan title which has recently 
found itx way into our journals in Shape 
(t»'o syllables). Yutok Shape was given 
lis the name of one of the Tibetan peace 
delegates. Sha-jtf, literally *' lotos - toot," 
nieaus a Privy Councillor, one of the five 
who advise the Tibetan Regent in state 
affairs. See Sandberg's 'Manual of Colloquial 
Tibetan,' 1894. .Jas. Platt, Jun. 

Lamont Haki" (lO"- S. i. .320 : ii. 71).— The 
purchaser of the Laiuont Harp is a distin- 
guished £dinburu;h antiquary, Mr, W. Moir 
Bryce, and tlie price it fetched in the auction- 
room was 525/. I hope many of the readers 
of ' N. tt Q.' took the opportunity of seeing 
this unique instrument while it was on view 
at the recent Loan Exhibition held by the 
Musicians' Company at the Fishmongers' 
Hall. The harp is now in the best of hands. 

A. Y. H. 

The White Company : " Xaker " (10"' S. 
ii. tin). — So much depends upon the point of 
view. After the battle of Poitiers multitudes 
of disbanded soldiers formed them.seives into 
" companies," living by the open plunder of 
those who were not strong enough to defend 
themselves. The state of " our sweet enemy 
France" might have made even Edward, 
"with the lilies on his brow," pitiful. The 
great condottiere Sir John Hawk wood, called 
in Italy " Giovanni Aguto," was, after the 
peace of JJn-tigni in ISTO, elected captain of 
the White or English Company, so called 
from their white Hags, white surcoats, and 
glittering arms. The soldiers, of whatever 
nationality, who had fought under the Eng- 
lish dag were known thereafter as "Inglesi." 
lu one point, it is said, they were less brutal 
than the other nationalities, for they did not 
roast or mutilate their victims. 

An amusing criticism of Sir A. Conan 
Doyle's novel will be found in the 
Ancfttor, vol. iii. p. 17", under the heading 
' Antiquary and Novelist,' by the editor, Mr. 
Oswald Barron. Sir A. Conan Doyle's reply 
ap[teared in vol. iv. p. 251. A. H. Baylev. 

Halliwell, in his ' Dictionary of Archaic and 
Provincial Words,' defines " naker ' to be 
"a kind of drum.' A kettle-drum, accord- 
ing to Warton, i. 1G9 ; "pipes, trompes, and 
nakers," Minot, n. K\. Ducange de8cril>e8 it 
to have been a Kinil of brazen drum used in 
the cavalrv, and .Maundevile, p. 281, mentions 
it as a high-sounding instrument : — 
With tt'Uiniiia »nd with HnJcmn, 
And with llie •cholnious fullo olere. 

MS. LiqcoId a. i. 

A bund of aasswin* 

thirtceiilli ' v 

..p of Toii: s 

I Simoa '!■_ _ n 

Tha iiatne yima »\m> 

The following extract is taken from 'A 
Dictionary of Karnes. Nicknames, and Sur-' 
names,' by Edward Latham, recently pub- 
lished : — 

" La Comyiagnie Blanche. 
orKanized in ToiiI^h 
' the ferocious Fi ■ 

company joined u 

when he besie;^ i'oaluiue, 
as8unie<l by a tmnd of freebooters (the Mirand tlom- 
panies'), led by Uertrand du liiiescliii in l.'Mi, 
from the white crwft whicli eacli wore on his 
.•ihuulder. He was ransonuid from Knclish caplitily 
for the pur]>o8e of riddini; France of theaeadvea- 
turera, and, placing himself at their liead, he letl 
them out of the country into Simin." 

EvEKARD Home Coi.kmax. 

71, Brecknock Road. 

"Sus AND Anchor" Inn (10^ S. i. ftMf 
ii. 92).— I am grateful to Mu. MAcMniiAELfor 

! his reply. Scotier Eau (or, as it was formerly 
spelt, Ea and Hay) is but a beck, as we call 

j Ninall streams. It can certainly never ia 
historic times have been used as an anchorage. 
In very dry summers it has been known to 

, become quite dry. There are now two 
bridges at Scotter, but they have both l>een 

J built during the Victorian time. .\t an earlier 
date there were fords only. I am glad to 
know of the London " Sun and Anchor." 
Perhaps some readers of ' N. ii ii.' can tell 
me how it came by its name. 

Edward Peacock. 

Vaccination and iNotui.ATioN (10'* S. ii. 
27).— i'l p)iijHiK of the barbarous method of 
inoculating persons with the sraallnox virus 
much in vogue during the latter half of tha 
eighteenth century, the following advertise- 
ment may prove of interest : — 

Inoculation by Roljert Goodman, of OuiIaborou(jh, 
at a Lodge, in the Parish of CuiUborough, at Two 
Guineas each Patient, for a fortnight, with all 
Xeceuaries (Wine excepted). 

,\1I that please for toput themaelves under my (.lire. 
May depend on Bood Usance and irood proper Fare : 
For twenty odd Years, this my Buiinesn I've made. 
And am thought, by much People, to well know my 

Trade : 
Then be not in Doubt, but with SiMjcd to me corae^ 
By the BlesainK of (^^iod, I can send you safe Home. 

This advertisement dates from the year 
1700. The village of Ouilsborough is situatftd 
about three miles from here, in tlie county of 

Were patients ever inoculated at their own 
homes ? or was it always the custom to ent«r 
into residence for treatment in the manner 
indicated in the advertisement I have quoted t 

Since writing the alwve I have come across 
the following reference to inoculation. Ou 
tiie south wall of the chancel of St. Andrew's 


io*8.iLAc.;.w.ii»i.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Church, Buxton, Xorfolk, is a tablet to Mary 

I Ann Kent, 
'•dauKhter of Mr. and Mr«. Kent, of Fnlhim, 
Miildlesex, who died under Inoculation on the W 
;lay of March, 1773. in the fourth year of her age. 
Thin much lamented Chihl waa in the hiKheat state 
of Hralth ami her menial poiren began to open and 
iiromiae fairest Fruit, when her fond parent«.aeluded 
i>y a Prevalent Custom, suffered the rough officious 
hand of Art to Wound the Flourishing root of 
Nature, and rob the little innocent of the gracious 
«;ift of Life. I.«t this unhaiijjy ICvent teach dis- 
trustful Mortals that there is nn safety but in the 

, Iianda of Almighty God." 

.John T. Pace. 
AN est Haddon, XortbamptonsJiire. 

"A si.v.;iN.; face" (10"' S. ii. 87).-This 
I occurs in tlie play ' Bombastes FurioBO,' 
I where Fusbos, the Minister of State, attempts 
[ to sing, and BombaHtes, the general, saya :— 
Futbos, give place. 
Vou know you haven't got a singing face : 
Here, nature, smiling, gave the winning grace. 
Stapleton Martin. 
The Firs, Kortoo, Worcester. 

EuAS Travers's Diary (lO'*" S. ii. OS).— 
An account of this diary is given in the 
liriiith Qwirterbj Review for .January, 1872, 
under the title oj 'An English Interior in the 
Seventeenth Uenturj'.' Some extracts from 
this paper appear in 6"' S. i. 453. 

EvEUARD Home Coleman. 

71 , Brecknock Road. 

Laece-st Private House in ENiiLAND 
(lO"" S. ii. 29).— Cauipden, in Gloucestershire, 
before it was burnt during the Civil Wars, 
occupietl eight acres. One would have 
thought that the largejit roansion in England 
wai one of the following ; Longleat, Eaton 
Hall, Itaby Castle, Audley End, Chats 
worth. Be) voir Castle, Luton Hoo, Blen- 
heim, Althorpe, or Holkhani in Norfolk. 

J. Holden MacMichael 

Shakespeare's Sonnet xxvi. (10"' S. ii. (j7). 
— Sonnet xxvi. roust be studied as a whole, 
and then it cannot be understood without 
reference to the preceding sonnet-series 
(i.-xxv.). The latter are ostensibly addressed 
to a beautiful youth, with whom "the poet is 
on more than intimate terms, for xxv. ends 
with a declaration of their mutual, firm, and 
enduring love. But in xxvi. we plunge into 
another and very frigid atmosphere. This 
sonnet was sent as an envoi, or covering note, 
with i.-xxv., to the addressee, who lia<J evi- 
dently laid on the j)oet a charge— a request or 
command — that he would produce a poem or 
poems on a given subject This charge the 
jKxit hat taken up and executed, and so 
fulfilled a thrice-uauied duty. But several 

points are obvious, as that the addressee was 
a man of sufticient station and authority to 
secure the execution of his wishes ; also that 
Shakespeare was but slightly acquaint^^ 
with him, although he hopes to be on friendly 
terms someday: also that sonnets i.-xxv. wero 
pure poetry, so that the poet fears they may 
be taken as a mere exercise of his cleverness. 
Then, with poetical humility, he depreciates 
his work, but hojjes that the addressee's good 
opinion will pass over its defects. 

The only intelligible interpretation of this 
sonnet is that the addressee is Mr. W. H., the 
"only begetter" of the Sonnets, i.e., thfr 
original cause of their production— at any 
rate of the initial series. 

T. Le Marchant Docse. 

[The writer obliges us with a communication on- 
Hliakespeare's Kunnets in Mrs. Slopea'a edition, 
contributed to the Lilerarij Worlil of I July,] 

Adam Zap (!<>'' S. ii. 48).— I suppose Mr. 
Stilweli. refers to Persian I'ldaml-zdd, "'a 
son of Adam, a man," the latter portion of 
the phrase being from Persian nUlaii, " to 
bring forth." Natives of India call bears 
ddnm - uid, or ''sons of men," considering 
them half human, and will not, as a rule, 
molest them (Forsyth, ' Highlands of Central 
India,' second ed., p. 36,U Emerittt!*. (10'" S. i. 446, r)l.'j; ii. 76).— 
From H. 2b observation at the last reference 
I gather that his original note was to be 
taken as evidence for Natalensis, though 
the question of Latinizatiou was not there 
broached. I quite agree that if an in- 
habitant of the colony is commonly called 
a Natalese, then Natalensis is a suitable- 
rendering. On the other hand,^ if he is 
usually Known as a Natalian, Natalianus 
is indicated on comparing Italian witiv 
Italianus. But a far better version than either 
of these may be obtained by using the full 
designation, TerraNatalis,in conjunction with 
some such word as civen or vnlvnlnrii. Thi» 
would place the Latinity beyond cavil. With 
regard to the usually gentilitial -(inuii, which 
presumably renders Natalianus "impossible," 
I fear that H. 2's contention that stems 
ending with a liquid or nasal take niiii is 
inadequate. Liquids may be found, requi- 
sitely placed, in -Esolani, Asculani, Atellanw 
Bolani, FiL'sulani, Longulani, Nolani, Ocri- 
culani, Pnteolaui, liu.selTani, Tralliani, Trebu- 
lani, Tusculani, Verulani ; and nasals in 
Bomani, Cumani, Transrhenani, and so forth. 
(The true stem vowel-endings are here, as in 
n. 2's examples, ignored : though why the -/ 
of natali- is elided ill Natalese I do not 

NOTES AND QUERIES. po- s. il acc. 13. i9ol 

D conclusion, protest gainst the 
practice of usiog Latin inscrip- 
lucli monuments ) The English 
s both exteniiive ami dignified 
provide auitabte phrases, and, 
mere pedantry, there is no reason 
lid tliua be continually flouted as 
or vulgar speech. J. Dokmeb. 

LISH Cban>'EL(10"'S. i. 44S; ii. 34). 
n Duero's ' El Armada In vencible,' 
ains all the dispatches relating to 
a, the writers invariably call the 
hannel "el Uanal de Flandes" 
len Channel) and the Bristol 
a Manga de Bristol " (the BriHtol 

H. 3. 

OP Eagle (Itf* S. ii. 46).— Xo date 
rch Timu issue alluded to is given ; 
ntly pention is not there niaile of 
it this holding of the Ho-ipilallers 
illy a commaudery of the Knights ' 
vho held the manor of Eagle by 
King Stephen. The duties of the 
lonnaught as the Bailiff of Eagle, 
respond to those of the old office, 
gly " the ordering of husbandry, 
e of authority to gather the profits 
ti's use, to pay quitrents issuing 
I manor, fell [t or sell] trees, and 
the under-servants." is the King 


ktUOUET-HOLDER (10"" S. ii. 60). — 
to Chaffers's ' Handbook to Hall- 
Uold and Silver Plate' (London, 
ollowing are the Edinburgh haU- 

standard mark. The deacon's 
im 1457 to 1757. After that the 

aker's mark, from 1457. 

}wn mark. A castle with three 

in 1483. 

ite letter, from 1681-2. 

uty mark of the sovereign's head, 

{uet-holder referred to by C «fc T. 
rofore, seem to be of very early 
n-as "evidently made before suoli 
) compulsory in Scotland." 

T. F. 1). 

s not ixMHibly l)e of the date of 
'the Maid of Norway," who died 
on her way to SiHitland in imKtt 


L Cakvkr (U)"« 8. ii. tn Tlw 
this otHco haw alrvMly bowi iiivMi 

in 5"* S. viiL, from the time of James II. 
(lC8e-9) to 1782, when the otlice in England 
was supposed to have been abolished, bat 
continued in Scotland to IS 1 8. 

Ev^BARD Home Colkmait. 

fiPASisH Proverb ox the Oranue {lO** S. 
i. 206, S5i;;.^Many year« ago, when living in 
a country that once belonged to Spain, I 
used to near the proverb quoted, " Hooey 
is gold in the morning, silver at noon, and 
leaid at nighu" M. 

Gordon- Epitaph (10* S.iL 50).— Mr. W. H. 
Brown, in an interentiog contribution to 
Country Life of 17 June, 1699, entitled 
' Carious Epitaphs,' says that this occurs 
"in a churchyard in Heading" ; and as his 
remarks were theresultof rambliogs through 
the numerous churchyards of rural England, 
when he made notes of his oKtervationa at 
the time, it may be taken that his is the more 
correct version. It is as follows : — 
Here lies the body of William Gordon : 
He 'd a mouth almii{bty and teeth accordin* ; 
Slranser, tread lixhtly on this sod. 
For if be gapes, you 're gone, by God. 

Can any reader say whether there is any 
truth in the statement that a wealthy and 
eccentric old fellow named Thorp instructed 
his executors to pay 100 guineas for an 
epitaph, which was to be truthful, brief, and 
written in English verse ? This brief couplet 
is said to have taken the prize : — 




The subjoined * Epitaph on a Glutton ' is a 
variant : — 

Here lie* a famous belly-slave. 

Whose mouth was wider than bis grave: 

Reader, tread lightly o'er his sod. 

For, should be gape, you 're gone, by God. 

0. SvMES Savxders, M.D. 

KiNc; John's Charters (10* S. i. 489, 618: 
iL 6<X— In the 'Itinerary of King Jcdin, 
printed in tlie work entitl««i * A Description 
of the I'atent Rolls,' ed. J. D. Hardy, IMB, 
the dates when the king was at VanareuU, 
Chateau de Vire, and Bonneville-sur-Tonquee 
are given as follows : — 

Vaudreuil. UtW. 17, 18 July, 19, 20 Aug., 
14 Oct. ; 1*>I, 14 IHh\ 

ChAteaw de Vire. UW>, 13 Dec.; laOl, 
II Nov. : lAKi, 11. U, la April, 21, SS, 23 Nov. 

Itouiievllle «urTouqu«M. -1 190,5 July: laOOi 
4 Jan.. 7 .May : lAU, « June. SO Oct : 19(NL 
11. tt.\ m, )IT, MS «k iMt MMr\>li. U\ 11. 12 H«^ 
U Ailii.. ft H»i»»., T. W U«l., la, 13 Nov. 

10" 8. II. Am.. I.S. 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


I As touching W. I.'a query (10"' S. i. 469), 
I \l-02, datum apud P.onaui Villaiu super 
riokara." Accordiii(j; to the ' Itinerary ' John 
■was not at Bonneville in I:!02. In spite of 
this he may have been there in this year, for 
in many instances no names of towns are 
placed against the days of the month. 

When Richard died in 1199 John was in 

France. He ]an<Ie<l at Shorehara in Sussex 

Lon 25 May ("apud Schorham applicuit octavo 

IJvaleiidas Junii," l{uf;er of Wendover), and 

1-wa.s crowned at Westaiinster 27 May. On 

120 June he was ai?ain at Shorehani for the 

return voyage to France. The first date after 

thin wiiich has tlio name of place attached 

is 20 June, the place being llocheOrival. He 

leturnwl to England, wailing from BarHeur, 

on 24 February, 1200, an<l on the 27th he is 

At I'oi tsinouth. On 28 April lie went back 

to France. 

Mu H. SrARLiNi; {antr, p. r>~) speaks of 
Jolin lying at Vaudrouil in 120:{, at the time 
he dismantled Pont-de I'Arche. I can find 

^no reference in the 'Itinerary' (see above) 
to John's resilience at Vaudreuil in 1203. 
But he appears to have paid three visits to 
ront-de rArch"? in this year. He was there 
■on 21 Mav, coming from Molineux and re- 
turning thither. From .Tl May to r> Juno 
inclusive he stayed there, coming from Rouen 
and returning to the same- His third visit 
lasted from 9 June to 11 June inclusive. On 
6 December of this year he came to Bartleur 
for the crossing to England. 

Searching in Matthew Paris and Roger 
Wondovcr under this date 120,3, 1 find that, 
whilst John was wasting his days in Rouen 
in rioting and idleness, castio aft*r castle was 
taken from him by Philip II. Amongst the Castle of Vaudreuil was surrenderee! 
by Robert FitzWalter and Salier de t^Juinci 
without a blow being struck. When he was 
spoken to on the subject of his losses, John 
replie<i, " Let him [Philip] <lo it ; I in one day 
will recover what he now seizes." 1203 was 
also the year of Arthur's death. At the end 
of this year the onlv towns remaining to 
John were Itouen, Verneuil, and Arques 
("exceptis civitato Rothomagi, et duobus 
^tris, Vernolio aUjue Archis," ' VpcKligma 
Neustriip '). hi the same work it is men- 
tioned, under date 1418, that Henry V. 
atUckwi Poni-de I'Arche : "Movit Dominus 
Jtex exnrcitum versus Pount do la Arche." 

Cmi. 'iV.iTsoN. 
iWI. Worpio Ko«d, Winililedon. 

DunEBi.« MO'* S. ij. CI).— Before misquoting 
the "splendid line." the writer cited might 
baved(me better by referring to the 'Comedy 

'of Errors.' From the "carcanet" which 
' figures therein it appears probable that 

Shakespeare used the word in its strictly 
' correct sense of " necklace " in the sonnet as 

well. J. DoitMEii, 

Thomas Ne.\le : "Heiibbrlev" (10"" B. i. 
hoa ; ii. ,'J8),— I thank H. C for his suggestion 
at the latter reference, but think tiiat the 
clue to the mystery lies in another direction. 

In my opinion Holywood and every one 
since his day have confused Thomas Neale, 
Regius Professor of Hebrew, with Jolin 
j Neale, M.A. l.'iOO, first perpetual Rector of 
I Exeter College, who wasdeprived 12 October, 
I 157m (see O.U.S., vol. xxvii. pp. Ixxx, 
i Ixxxviii, 68, 74, 297). After his deprivation 
he was imprisoned for some time, but even- 
tually arrivefl at the English College, then at 
Rheims, 1 June, l.>78, and left on the follow- 
ing 17 August for Rome (' Douay Diaries,' 
pp. 142, 143). He came back from Rome 
19 December, 1579, and left for England 
7 January, 1580 (up. cit., p. 159). It must 
have been during this period of a little under 
four weeks that lie had his conversation with 
Thomas Uaberley or Huberley, formerly a 
l)eneficed "Calvinist" clergyman and an 
Oxford man, who arrived at Rheims 
29 November, 1579, and was ordained and 
sent on the mission in 1580, as to whom com- 
pare Strype, 'Ann.,' III. ii. (!00. It is note- 
worthy that, in a list of priests sent on_ the 
mission during the pontificateof Gregory X 111. 
printed in the ' Douay Diaries,' pp. 288-96, 
John Neale, ex-Rector of Exeter, is at p. 291 
miscalled Tlvuimu, and similarlv at p. 290 
John Wright, S.T.L., is raiscalleu Thomas. I 
hope to call to attention to the result of this 
latter mistake in a separate woUi. 

John B. Waisewright. 

Ef.ECTRn- Telei-raph Anticipated (10"" S. 
ii. 66).— Since making my communication at 
the above reference, 1 find the following 
at p. 112 of Joseph Blagrave's 'Astrological 
Practice of Physick,' 1689, as one of what he 
terms "two pretty Secrets in Philosophy." 
It l)ears a strilcing resemblance to the entry 
in Henea^e Finch's MS. commonplace book 
of 1647, in my possession. Blagrave was 
" of Reading [Berks], Cent., Student in 
Astrology and Physick " : — 

" How to know cacli ollieri Mind at a distance, it 
lieiiiu itune by 8vrii|ialhy of Moliuii, &« followeth : 

"I.«t there bo two Needles made of one and the 
same Iron, and by one and the same hand, and 
touched by one untl the same Load-stone : let them 
be franieo Soiih and South, when the Moou is in 
Tiiiii to .V«)«, and applying nnto one of the 
Fortune?: the Needle* being made, ]>lace them in 
concave boxca, then ntake two Circles answerabla 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [«o"- s. il ai-.;. is. u»t 

noto the Uianietera of tho Keedleo, diride them 
iDto twenty-four equal parts, aeoorclinR unto the 
number of Letters in the Ali>hal>et, then (ilaL-e the | 
Letters in order round each t'ircle Now when 
you desiru to make known each otheni Mind, 
ihe day and hour being first concluded on before- 
hand : you must upon a table or aoiue convenient 
tilace, fix your boxes with the Needles fitted 
therein, then havini; in readiness. Pen, Ink, and 
Paper, and with each party a Loadstone, he that 
intends first to begin, must witli his Loadstone 
gently cause the Needle to move from one L/etter 
unto another, until a word is jierfected, accord- 
ing nnlo which motion the other neadlu will 
oiwer : And then after some small stay, they must 
eein another Word, and so forward until hia Mitnl 
IB Known, which being done, the other Friend with 
his Load-stone must do a« before, moving |:ei>tly 
from Letter to Letter, until he hath roturueil 
inswer accordingly : This will hold true if rightly 

I also find that Addison in the Guardian, 
Xo. 110, 2S July, 1713, notices, as Ijelow, a 
similar matter mentioned in a much earlier 
work (in Latin), viz., Famianus Strada's 
* Prolusiones Acadeinicie Oratoriw, Historicw, 
Poeticw,' Colonite Agrippinn?, 1G17 :— 

"Strailii, in the person of Lncreliiin, gives an 
account of a chimerical corresimndence l>etw oen two 
friends by the hcl)i of a certain loadstone, which 
[ had such a virtue in it, that if it touched two several 
needles, when one of the needles so touched began 
I to move, the other, though at never so great a 
Idistance, moved at the same time, and in the same 
manner. He tells us, that the two friends, being 
each of them possest of one of these needles, made 
B kind of dial-)>late, inscribing it with the four and 
.twenty letters, in the same manner as the hours of 
Fthe day are marked upon the ordinary dial-plate. 
I They then Hxcd one of the needles on each of these 
I {dates in such a manner that it could move round 
I without impedimenl so as to touch any of the four 
and twenty letters. Ujon their separating from 
one another into distant countries, they agreed to 
withdraw themselves punctually into their cloMts 
at a certain hour of the day. and to converse 
with one another by means of this their inven- 
tion. Accordingly when they were some hundred 
miles aauhder, each of them shul himself up in 
hia closet at the time appointed, and imme- 
diately cast his eye uiwn his dial-plale. If he 
had a mind tu write any thing to his Friend, ho 
, directed his needle to every letter that formed tho 
rords which be had occasion for, making a little 
I pause at the end of every word or sentence, to avoid 
rnfuaion. The friend, in the meanwhile, saw hia 
vn sympathetick needle moving of it self to every 
Iter which that of his Correspondent pointed at : 
I By this means thej' talk'd toBethur a-cross a whole 
continent, and conveyed their thoughts to one 
another in an instant over cities or mountains, seas 
or desarla." 

W. I. U. V. 
lKBE.SPOXaiDI,E St'RIBBLKIW (lO"* S. it. «6).— 

public service is perforraetl by >1k. Page 
drawing attention to the mania for «orib- 
Winj? on objects of interest. Truly the evil 
bad enough ; but wonu cxista. 

In public places, especially railway car- 
riages, reraarts, often of a di>iKi> i 
obscene nature, interlarded with . 
ting news, are forced under notice. _ lue 
authors wouhl appear to bo fnul - miud*d 
youths, and the remedy i.s to ai '■• 
"horsebox contrivance we teriii 
carriage, thus conferring more air, iiym.oiui- 
fort, and publicity. 

Your correspondent errs if he tliinin oo^ 
one is ever prosecuted. .Some years ago tho 
liarl of Warwick's agent successfn"'- '".^-n- 
cuted certain day-trippers for.scrai 
names, in defiance of printed warr: i 

the battlements of Guy's Tower 
Duke of Westminster's agent freif.- 
occasion to prosecute vandals for damage 
upon tho Eaton estate; in fact, ho many ^^'^ 
the Duke has threatened to withdraw all 
public privileges, in wliioh case the iiinocfut 
and grateful many would sufl'er for tho guilty 
few. Strinuent warnings boldly printed arft 
necessary in all historic or beauty kuoLs (and 
apj>arently autograph alliums fur 'Arry and 

We must not lose sight of the fact that to 
this same habit of scribbling we are indebted 
for many ancient and modern uiemeuloes of 
a valuable and highly interesting .■h:,,:.-u%r. 
The walls of Shakespeare's h»irt)> if 

many .signatures wbicii 1 am sure t: . ^ v» 
would like to transfer to the volume which 
holds the autograph of His Majesty King 
Edward Vll. Then there is the faiuooft 
couplet which Jtaleigh is reputod to Imve 
scratched with his diamond ring upon tho 
window jiane : — 

Fain would I climb, 
}<ul that I fisir (•> fall, 

and Queen Elizabeth's reputed auswer be^ 
neath : — 

If thy heart fail thee. 
Climb not at all ; 
and innumerable other instance^i ....... of 

which we should like to term " in ■-.* 

Wm. .J —. 

l.'iO, Canning Street, Liveriiool. 

When at Canterbury, somo yf"~ ■^'. T 
ascended the Westgate, where wei 
exanifiles of what Mr. I'.u-y • 
Among the mass of ^lencil -■' 
surprised — liko Ito.salind- I 
name, presumably the 
Xo <iouDt other reader? 
instances (Sam Weller was v 
"Moses Pickwick"), Tlti' 
confined to Hriiinh ho'' 
visiting the Trappi«t i 
worp with u friend, we t 
with a priest from hi ■ 

. . ■){. 
I was 






ic* 8. II. All.:. 13. 19M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


}ur«elve4. I remarked that iniscliievoiis 
J fingers had been ocribbling on the woodwork, 
tAnd the priest observed, " Lea iioraH dos fous 
f«e trouvent partout.'' lly friend replied, 
Voilu, p(;re, ce quo vouh venez de dire." 
lAnother scribe bad traced these words in 
I iniwlcory of the rest. As I write, an Oxford 
lU.C.L. tells nie of the expression, ''Nomina 
Btultoruin parietibtis adhierent." 

Fn.\sci.s P. Maucic^nt. 
titrcatlinm Common. 

When the late Duke of Clarence and his 
' ^jrotlier. the present Prince of Wales, were 
Liads to^etlier upon the Britannia at Dart- 
)inoutii, they wandered on foot one holiday so 
far as tlie picturesquely situated old church of 
16S. George and Mary at Cockiugton (anciently 
t'C'orkinstone), near Torquay. Whilst there 
1 they cut their initials upon the jurab of the 
|«outh-west entrance. .Should ihese lines 
[•catch the Prince's eye he rniiy possibly recol- 
[ioct tlio circumstance. The then vicar after- 
lAvards had the letters effaced. 

Hxaay Hems. 

Fair Park, Kxeter. 

I agree in the main with the remarks of 

' 'Mr. .loHN T. Pai;k ; luit, on tlie other hand, 

|<|uitc a number of autographs, Sic, of eminent 

I men have been preserve*! in this way, and 

ire now pointed out by tlie custodians to 

iho interested sightseer. Wordsworth's name 

[4nay still be seen in the old sclioolhouse at 

Hurtshead, covered over with a glass slab. 

Many names of illustrious i>ersons may also 

he seen scratched on the window panes of 

'iSliakes|>eare's birthnlace. 

One could compile an interesting list of 
autographs of distinguished people who, 
«fier visiting places of historic note, have 
recorded their signatures on some part of the 

After all, man is an imitative animal, and 
J the fashion having been set by the upper 
l<en thousand, it is little wonder that Tom, 
IdDick, and Harry follow it. 

Chas. F. Forshaw, LL.D. 
'lUltiuiore House, Bradford. 

MouLAXP's GiSAVE do"' S. ii. 49).— There 
is no memorial at the cha]>el of St. James, 
[J^ampsteail, over Morland's grave, or in the 
graveyard. Andrew Olivku. 

PASiKdO"' S. i. HT. 477, 510; ii. lU, 72).— 
in "A I Queen's | Delight: | or, | the art of 
|>re80rving, | conserving, and candying. | .\s 
ilso, I arit'i'f l>i..wlodgeof | nraking perfumes 
ind di ; 10 most excellent waters. | 

)n<lon I in the year IfiUO," are 

recti>eii for luaking the following pastes: of 

"apricocks" ; of Genoa citrons; of elecam- 
pane roots ; of flowers of the colour of 
marble, tasting of natural flowers ; of oranges 
and lemons: of "pippings" like leaves, and 
some like plums, with their stones and stalks 
in them ; of " rosberries " or Englisii currants. 

The book containing these, although con- 
tinuously paged, is divided into thref jiarts, 
each having a separate title-page. Of ihese 
three parts ' A Queen's Delight ' is the second. 
Tlie third is "The compleat | Cook: | expertly 
prescribing | the most ready ways, | whether 
Italian, .Spanish, or French | for ! dressin;; of 
Flesh and Fish, | ordering of Sauces | or 
making of | Pastry." In this part "paste" 
occurs several times, while "anchoves enter 
into the composition of several dishes ; but 
there is no hint of anchovy paste. 

Amongst the various thirst - producing 
viands sold by the four Dutch innkeepers 
of I^ndon enumerated by John Taylor, the 

Water Poet, in his 'Travels through 

more then Thirty Times Twelve Signes of the 
Zodiack,' are 

The piokleil Herrine, and the .\ncliovea rare : 

Aud (if you pleaae), Potarbo, or Cavcare. 

Was this nothing more than anchovy 
pickled in a similar manner to the herring, 
or treated like caviare or Iwtargo (—potarbo, 
although the ' N.E.D.' does not mention this 
variant under the main word) ( E. Q. B. 

St. Ninian's Church (10"" S. ii. C8, 117).— 
Xothing can well be more explicit than 
Ailreds account of Ninian's first church ; — 

"Il)i igitur jussu viri Dei ceinent«rii, quos secnm 
addiixerat. eculesiam construunl; antcquaiii niillani 
in Uritannia He lapide dicuni e<ue conmriieUkm." 
(Tlicre, lliorefore, by command of tlie man of (iod. 
the masonu whom lie hail hroucht witli him [from 
'I'oiirs] built a church, and they say tlmt up to that, 
time none in Britain had been nonalructod of atone.) 
—'Vita Niniani,' auctoro AilreUo Uevalleuai, 
cap. iii. 

It is true that Ailred wrote seven centuries 
after Ninian's death ; but ho had material to 
work from to which we, alas ! have no access. 
"It hapijened," says Ailred, in his prologue, 
" that, a harlmroun language obscured the life of the 

mom holy Ninian and the less it. (,'riUified tjie 

render the lesii i^ ediHe<l him. Accordingly, it. 
I pleH<'ed thy holy atfuction [the reference i« to 
' f 'hristinnns, who was con»oi-rated Kiohop of (lao- 
dida t'asa at IJermomlHov, I!) Uecendier, 1154) to 
iniposu upon mine inaigniticanee tlie toak of r»M.-uiui; 
from a riHtic otylu as from darkness, and of hriiig- 
ini; forth mU> dear li({lit of Latin iliclion. tlir 
lifu "t ^l renowned man. a lifi tchifli luul 

'"•"I •; f/io cam' U/oit mt, ha in loo 

What can D. C. L. mean by saying that 
"no satisfactory site has been fouiid for the 
original church "t Nothing could b« \c<iyc<& 





NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. adu 13. im 

concise and accurate than Ailred'ss topo- 
graphy :— 

"Ninian selected for himieU a lite in the place 
which is DOW termed Witerna, whii;h, aitunted on 
the shore of the ocean, and exteiiding far into the 
aea on the east, we«t, and south Hides, in closed in 
by the sea itself, while only on the north ia a way 
open to those who would enter." 

An exact description of the lale of Whithorn, 
to which access can only be had alung the 
narrow isthmus of (travel connecting it with 
the land on the north ; and in the very riosi- 
tion indicated stands the ruin which local 
tradition allirms to be the original chapel of 
A.D. 3U6. It is not so, of course, but probablv 
a reconstruction dating from the thirteenth 

Finally, I would ask D. C L. to note the 
different terras used by the Scottish Celts at 
this day to distinguish between houses built 
of stones without luortar, which they call 
"black houses," and houses built of stone 
and lime, which they call "white houses." 
It was the unfamiliar whiteness of the lime 
which attracted notice from tlie Attacott 
Picts of Galloway, and earned for the new 
church the name Candida Casa— /fU'«V (»'»7( = 
Whithorn. Ueriikrt Maxw£ll. 

" Paule-s fete ■' (10"' S. ii. 87).— Away from 
books I cannot verify my impression, but I 
think that there was a standard measure of 
a foot in Old St. I'aul's. ,1. T. F. 

Wiolcrlun, Uonouter. 


Thf Prineipal yni'ignliotui, VoyagtJt, Traffiqiiti^anii 
Oitforinn of thr KiiylUli Naiioii. Uy Kiohnrd 
Hakluyt. V'ols. VII. and VHI. ((;ia««ow, Mae- 
Lehose & Sons.) 
With the seventh volume of Hakluyt we beRJn 
the moat intereatinK. valuable, and instructive 
pages of the work. The opening ]>ortion of tlie 
volume consists of the description by Edward 
Wrieht, the famous mathematician, of the voyage 
to tne Azores of the brave, reekle%g, and unfor- 
tunate Georije Clifford, third Earl of Cumberland, 
a portrait, from the National Portrait Gallery, of 
wnose handsome, rakish face, with theglove of Queen 
Elizabeth aa a badge in his hat, forma a frontis- 
piece. In this voyage, with all its hardships, 
Wright himself took part. Next conies tjir Walter 
Raleigh's "true reixirl" of the last tii;ht of the 
Reveucc, with the heroic defence and death of his 
cousin i^ir Richard Cirenville, after sustainint; the 
assault of tiflecn .Spanish ships. A |iortrait of the 
hero of this unprecedented atlventure is also given. 
Next, with yet one n\ore |iortrait, comes "the 
larse testimony " of John Huishen van Linschoten 
coooeming the deeds of the Earl of Cumberland, 
Sir Martin Frobisher, Sir Richard tJrinvile, and 
divers other English captains, with other accounts 

of adventure, including the account nf " Ihr firia 
of • the Five Wounds.'^' At p. l."B n> th 

third and last volume of the I'rin 

tions, Ac," anil cniliark u|>uii the | 

of American oxploraliou, ami the heroic and i 
search after the lulmlnnH Nurlh Wfi T'linw 
theJiidies, Tin us with I'd'.' 

the niythioal n .! .\ladoc-, i 

Ouined, IVJiicc ... .. ;tU Wale.i 

with the oH'er of the West Indies by t 'hnsti 
Columbus to Henrv VU. We then arriv* %. 
explorations of Sebastian CalxJla. and argna 
in favour of the existence uf the Nonn-I 
I'oasaije, the most ulrongly held of all 
phical beliefs or delusions. Three voyafc* 10.1 
search of the passage by .Mail in Frobisher. a like I 
number by John Davis, siirl other matter coooem- 
ing Newfoundland and ".Meta IiungiiiUk" make 
uii the volume, which alxo gives, in the wwr of 
illustration, a map of the world, by Sir John i 
(Jilbert: a map of the world, 157S ; anuibn- by | 
Michael Lock, dedicated to Sir I'hilii ' 
the Hunterian Library, (ilasfow L'lii 
of Meta Incotznita; ami mm by V'.\. 
l.WK, of the Earl of Cunil^rlaiidV 
Azores, together with a facsinnle ui 
U October, 1585, from John Dav ■ 

Aa frontispiece to vol viii. j 
Sir Humphrey Gilbert, to at. 
in l.-iSS to Newfoundland. Xiwnci. 
explore Newfoundland ami C^aimdu. 
three voyages of .lacijues Carticr, arc 
we then come u|>on the uucouut of i\\ 
ments in Virginia, Florida, Ac. In -.■ 
maps, which are neither less uunicruus uui Ics* 
interesting t liun those in the earlier volume, like 
nesses are given of a Virginia priest and a nauvu'l 
of Florida. In the narrative by Thomas Harriot, 
servant to .Sir Walter Raleigh, of thi- Innd of Vir-l 
ginia, we have a vividly intero i ihi 

discovery and use of tobacco. . nvc 

*' uplKjwoc," the curative elli...,, „. ,,....,. »r„ 
described in such fashion as makes us wonder that ] 
after its arrival human ailments did not diaapiwar. 

Oitat Mafttr*. I'arUX.\.and XXI. (UeinamannJ 

Part XX, of 'Great Masters' marks y«.< -i , 

stage in the progress of the best guide t< ■ 
Kuro|ican galleries that has yet seen i 
Hut four i>art» more arc neiessury. if we arc n 
informed, to the completion uf the work 
succeeding part of which we have dr.u .. I'l... 
tion of our readers. Uuckinghatn 1 
the ti rst of the four plat es in I'art X ,\ 
a laudscai>e, with cattle, of .Albert i 
Martin Conway culls " perhngis the li 
local ' of Dutch artists. It i^ n 1.. 
with reiiosing cattle ami p> 
tells us that most of the niasi 
are, or were, in England. .\ 
Fili)ij)iiio Lipi>i, once in tin 
at Naples, where it was a.> 
Ghirlandaio, is now from thi 
It is beautiful, but i-atlier 
ascribed to a period nf aliout I 
is represented by ' The Girl w 
frfini the collection of Mr > 
bright work, t : 
laughter. Soi 
one leg beiiij; 
more ohvioux 
; tonce seems u. 


10* 8. u. Aro. 13. locM.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


comes, from the Prado, Madrid, a portrait by 
Albrecht biirer of a man, conjectured to be Han* 
InihofT, ibe great Niirnberg l>anker. This is, at 
any rate, a powerfully conceived work, iireaent- 
inK a mobile face in a moment of deep self-coacen- 
iration. The lights and shades are grappled with 
.in indescribable fashion. In common with each 
IprecedinR part the entire number is splendidly 

The latest part maintains the supremacy in 
beauty and interest that has distinguiahe<l the 
work from the outset. "The Letter,' by Gabriel 
Met«u, a celebrated and prolific Dutch i/nin 
painter, was— like the companion picture, ' The 
Letter- Writer,' also reproduced in this aeries— 
in the famous collection at Dee(>deue. It is 
now, like the other, in the posseaaiou of Mr. A. 
Beit. With some diliidence we venture to doubt 
the reading of the action supplied by Sir Martin 
.y'onway. The matter is, however, of no con- 
^««queiice, since the picture speaks for itself, 
anil will 1>« interpreted according to the nature 
of the pazcr. From the Parma Gallery comes 
(.'orreggio's famouH ' Madonna of Ut. -lerome,' 
l<leacril>ed as one of his five great masterpieces. It 
lis one of the roost mundane, not to say sensuous, of 
religiou^i pictures. Quite exquisite are the faces of 
the Madonna and (.'hild, the Magdalen and the 
angel, while the attendant cherub is, an the descrip- 
tion suggests, almost " impish." A ])icture of this 
kind is more conducive to " soft and delicate 

■ desires" than to pious meditation. 'A Dutch 

■ Courtyard,' by Pietor de Hoogh, is one of that 
great artist's absolutely unequalled stuilies of atmo- 
spheric effect. It shows, in a manner of which hu 
had almost the nionoi>oIy, the etfect of exterior 
lightseen through a darkened iiassage, a chamber, or 
the like. Not seldom three ilitferent atmoapheresare 
presented with indescribable ell'ect. 8omo«\plana- 
tiona are afforded concerning the scene, presiinmbly 

|I>elft, and the figures, one of whom, who apiieara 
{reijnently in his pictures, is held to be his servant, 
while the other is probably his daughter. UeHoogh's 
pictures are absolute dreams of summer. Last 
comes from Velafque)'. the FalstatKan figure of the 
Iilarchesu Alexander del Borro. Whether the 
icture was intended as an insult we know not, 
Ve can scarcely fancy a manjuis, even the most 
foolish ever depicted by Molit-re, hanging such a 
work as a likeness in his own iiallery. An a carica- 
ture of M. (^'iiquelin as Falstatl it would be wonder- 
ful. With all it4 extravagant ugliness, it is a work 
of genius. The lierlio Museum owns tlie original. 

Tlir I'lail't of tfhnkuptnrf. — Uamlrt : JiiehanI J 1 1. ; 
Mtrrhniil of Vtiiiir: ; Tutlfth Xiijh'. With Intro- 
ductions by George liraudog. (Heincmann.) 
Vkt one more chea|> and attractive edition of 
8hakespoare, in volumes each containing a single 
play, is issued by Mr. Heinomann under the title 
'• Favourite (Jlassica." For the text that of the Cam- 
bridge Shakespeare, now accepted as authoritative, 
has lieen selected. Kach volume ia well printed, 
with a most legible text, and each has an illustra- 
tion showing some famous actor with his surround- 
IDgs in a favourite character, and an introduction 
By Dr. Brandea. It seems a subject for regret that 
He Mlioiild have to go to Denmark for tlio editor 
pf work »o characteristically nalH)n«l m the ijlays 
> )■ aff leare ; but the introductions of Dr. 
.'» lucid and helpful. It is but natural 
^ iiould attach more value than do we to 


the utterances of writer* such as Oervinua ami- 
t'Irici. When Dr. Brandes s|>eak8 for himself, 
however, he is always worth hearing. For the 
rest, the reader i» umlisturbed by conjecture oi- 
note, and the edition may l>u commended to tlioae- 
who are content with an unsophisticated text. 

Th I'ortkal Worki of Wi/liam Wonituorth. Witl^ 
Introduction and Notes. £dited by Thoma» 
Hutchinson, M.A. (Frowde.) 
The Portirai Work^ of Jtolirri Burnt. Edited by 

J. Logic Kohcrtsun, M..\. (Same publisher.) 
AfTKU a sjiace of about a decade these handsome 
and popular editions of Wordsworth and Burns are 
reissued. Wordsworth is exactly in the same fornv 
as before, but is enriched by a portrait of the l>oet, 
from a drawing by Hancock of about 179S. Hurnn 
is no longer in the Oxford India pajier in which \s& 
had previous access to it. Wo have before spokeu 
in praise of one-volume editions of the poeu, which, 
in these days of little shelf-room and many books, 
are to be commended. Such are always convenient 
for reference, ond on India i»aper are, to a largo 
class of readers, absolutely ideal. 

To Bell's ".Miniature Series of Painters" ha» 
been added Jolm Coiixladle, by .Arthur B. Chamber- 
lain, with eight characteristic illustrations. 

firi^iK.i frnm f^m Filrhtnx of Molitrt have beeD' 
added to Ulackie & Son's " Little French Classica." 

Mi;. E. H.AMii.Tox, of Church S(iuare, Rye. 
Sussex, has issued an Anrexlrji ami Ptdiym 
Chart, by means of which the task of ))edigree 
tracing and. displaying the relations of ancestors- 
paternal and maternal— to the present head of the 
family ia sini|)Iified. 

TllK frontispiece to the JSurlinylon consists of a, 
reproduction of the painting of Albert Diirer the- 
elder, U97, recently jmrchased for the National 
Gallery. Whether it is a genuine work of Diirer 
has been much discussed. Mr. C. .1. Holmes in 
his ' History ' of it goes far to establish it as genuine. 
Following this comes an account of the Italian 
paintings in Stockholm. We remember studying 
most of these works some years ago, without beine 
very jirofounilly impre8.sed. An interesting draw- 
ing of the late <!. F. Walts is by the .Marchioness, 
of Granby. Three female studies by Koasetti are 
from the lonides Collection, as is the 'Mill,' by 
Sir K. Buroe-Jonos. 

Is the Fortuiijhlli/ Mr. Norman Pearson writes on. 
' The Kiss Poetical.' His subject is scarcely of a, 
sort to commend itself for study or discussion ia 
these columns. When, however, the author says 
that he does not "remember among the Shake- 
spearian love-scenes anything like the modern kiss 
poetical," we are inclined to renioiiRtrato. It i>» 
true that, even after reading the contribution, we do 
not quite know what ia the modern kiss poetical, 
still we think Antony and Cleopatra might suffice. 
Where is there anything better or more fervid than. 
Antony's imjxirtunity to spare hira awhile 
Of many thousand kiasea the poor lut 
I lay upon thy lips* 
Mr. Thomas Hardy in 'Time's Laughingstocka " 
is once more welcome us a )met. but not half so 
welcome as he is when he presents himself as n. 
novelist. 'A Child's Diary,' the veracity of which 
ia vouched for, is very remarkable. W'iukl will be tU<&- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo* s. ii. Aro. js. iom. 

outcome of ft dthut ouch aa it indioaioa it ia bard to 
«ny. — In the NiiuUnilh Ct'iluru 'The Uarvest of 
the HedgcrowB,' by Walter Kiyiiiuiid, deserves the 
place of honour. The wrilcr'a sketches have a 
truth and vivacity difficult to resist or surpass, an<l 
constitute an admirable defence of country life. 
It is to be hoped that they will l>o collected. Mr. 
Kichard Bagot has a rejoinder to Mr. Taunton on 
the subject of "The Pope and Church Music' 
interest in the question is not likely, however, to 
be very widespread. Mr. John M. Haoon udvocatec 
the exploration of Arabia by balloon. Ix>rd Dalling 
and Bulwer'" 'Maxims,' as collected by Sir Henry 
Drumnioiid-Wollf, are worth attention, but not 
«l>eciaily remarkable. Mr. Norman Pearson writes on 
' I'epys and Mercer," and puts a tolerably favourable 
construction upon the tfiarist's relations with his 
■wife's maid. C. B. Wheeler has aome sensible 
oliserN-ationa on 'Gift-s.' — The Pnll Mall hm as 
frontispiece a capital reproduction of the Warwick 
,jK)rtrait of Anne Boleyn, attributed to Holbein. 
Mr. Archer's ' Keal Conversation' l)eoomes a per- 
unnnent feature in the magazine. Like many 
iirevious conversations, the present deals with the 
state of the stawe, Mr. Archer's views bein« much 
more sunny than those of his fellow - controver- 
aialist. On the French dramatistn Mr. Archer is 
rather 'severe, speakint; of the " intolerable 
Dcdsnlry" of M. Hervieu and the " utrideut 
fiinaticism" of M. Brieux. Mr. Sharp's ' Literary 

• Geography' deals with Aylwin-Land.-6.rifc„rr «, 
the Knglish aRcut of which is now Mr. William 
Heinemann. op>en8 with ' They,' a complete story 

iby Mr. Kudyard Kipling, enforcing in a rather 
mystical fashion the love of children. The eonteuU 
consist almost entirely of fiction. In the illustra- 
tions to Mr. Finley's ' Lost City,' M. Jules Cucrin 
seems to Iw inspired to some extent by John 
Martin. To some of the contents coloured designs 
are supplied. — The eighth of the " Hj_storic4il 
Mysteries" in the Comhill brings Mr. Lang back 
•upon ground he has previously occupied. It deals 
with the (iowrie conspiracy. Mr. Lang holds that 
there was a plot devised by (Jowrie, who was 
fru»trate<l, and fell into the pit he had digged. 
'Writing on Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mrs. Humphry 
Ward holds liim to be an artist whoso place grows 
larger and more certain as the days roll on. 
Col. Piei|uart'8 ariswer to the tferman Kmperor 
on the ijuestion of Waterloo will be read with 
pratiKcalion by Kngliahmon. ' A Storm in a 
Bygone Teacup' is anjuaing; but the title strikes 
us as singularly unhappy. When is a teacup 
bygone? 'The English Friends of VolUire' is 
an attractive paper. Canon EUaconibe's ' Jaimncse 
Flowers in Knglish tiardcns ' is altio readable.— 
Mr J Holden MacMiiMiael contributes to the 
OmlUmau'^ an account of 'The Ancient .Mercantile 
Houses of London.' His essay is full of interesting 
and erudite matter. Vr. Ramsay Colles makes yet 
one mor.' cffurt to reviveintcrest in F.lienezer Jones. 

• Live Sea Lights,' by Mr. W. Allinghaiii, describes a 
familiar phenomenon. The mo'^t remarkable instance 
of this we ever contemplated, a apecUde wholly 

ndescribable, took place at Dinard, op|>osite St. 

Malo —Canon Vaughan's 'Flowers of the Ficli) ' in 
y,07i«m<»n'» i-* altogether <Ielightful. ' Further 
Handling Recollections' may lie read with a cer- 
t«iaty of pleasure. 'At the Sign of the Ship' is 
now, sj alway!". the best portion of the contents. 
In this Mr. Lang deals bricllv with the new book 
of M«nri. Siiencsr and (Jillon, 

' l"ho Northern 

Races of Central Australia,' a book to M'hidi W 
hoiie ourselves to turn, but one also that ill iilMlfc 
and remunerates much study. 

Wk hoar with regret of the death nl Kalinr, an 
the 2nd inst., of the Hev. Samuel Amott. ilJi. 
Cambridge, a venerable contributor to our coiuiuna, 
some score «r so communications from him ■npau'- 
ing in the General Index to the Xinth Sarias. 
The last of these is found at 9'" S. \i. W,i. Duriag 
the Sixth, Seventh, and Kight Series his naoie 
pretty frequently occurs. A scholar of Koimaiiael 
College, Cambridge, he was ordaiiiml deacon in 
Iti44, and priest in IM.'t He wiw curate of Bnat- 
wood till 1817, and of Romford till IH.'V), in whleii 
year he was at St. James a, Piccadilly. A list of 
his benefices will be found in 'Crwkford.' Since 
1K70 .Mr. Arnott was vicar of Christ Church, 
Turnham Green, an apjiointnient he owed to 
"Piccadilly" Jackson, then Bishop of Ixxidotu 
Mr. Arnott had l>een for sonie time iucapaoit 

Sfotitta to €ant3gmitttti. 

We muH ccUl tptcicU cUltnlion to tkt /oUevring 
noliett . — 

Os all communications must be written the Dame 
and address of the sender, not iieceasarily for pub- 
lication, but as a guarantee of good faith. 

We cannot undertake to answer queries privately. 

To secure insertion of communications corre- 
■pondeiits must observe the following rules. Let 
each note, query, or reply be written on a separata 
slip of paper, with the signature of the writer and 
such address as he wishes to ap))ear. When answer- 
ing queries, or making notes with regard to previoai 
entries in the paper, contributors are reqiieat«d to 
nut in parentheses, immediately after the exact 
(leading, the series, volume, and pa^e or lugeea to 
which they refer. Corresi>oudenta who repeat 
queries are requested to head the second com- 
munication " Duplicate." 

X. Y. Z. ("3(J5 children at a birth").— There is 
a long editorial note on this story at t?"" S. rit, 380t 
concluding with references to several :.' ' 

T. C. TcN.NTAi.L("Kxtraordinary t'lj h- 

ing to Ancient Liands"). — Wroth i>i..., ., i.-iius 
the black ram, &.C., have frequently been oouced 
in ' N. & Q." 

EVICII.\KI> HOMK C<>I.EM.\N (" S'.-riptUI-C* out of 
church"). — The expression duly appears tmder 
'Proverbs and Phraaea' in the Index to9"'S.xii. 
and the (ieneral Index 

MisTi.EToh ("Carlisle").— There woe no beadHiK 
omitted. The article was the second ondcr *Tidea- 
woU and Tideslow.' See W" S. i, ."tTl. 471- 

J. NiiRRis ("Salop and Montcotnery ") and 
F. Jabkatt ("Longfellow").— Shall ajipeftr uenl 


Editorial communioatioos should be addreMsd 
to "The Editor of 'Note* and Queries '"—Ad ver- 
tisenienu and Buiineas Letters to " The Pub- 
lisher "—at the Office, Bream's Building*, Gimaeny 
Lane, E.C, 

We beg leave to slate that we declioi to rctom 
communications which, for any reason, we do not 
print: and lo this rule wa oaa moke oo exoeptMO. 


10- 8. II. Aiu;. 13. 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Last Week's ATH£N.£nM contains Articles on 







OOR LIBRARY TABLE:— A Fight to ii Fioiah ; Park, Gardens, and Culture Institutci; Benna in 

Brittany ; bchleiermacber ; bir U. M. btanley'd Books. 



SCIENCE :— Botanical Literature; Qosslp. 

FINK ARTS:— The Prado ; Light and Water; Great Masters; Two Books on the Art of Japan ; The 
Roya) Arcbicological Institute ; Mr. F. Goodall, R.A.; Gossip. 
lUSIC : — History of American Music ; Gossip; Performances Next Week. 
)RAMA : — Biography by Conjecture ; Canker-blooms and Canker ; Gosstp. ' 

The ATHEN^UM for July 30 contains Articles on 




NEW NOVELS :— Hyssop ; The Hunchback of Westminster ; The Tavern Knight; A Daughter of tlie 

Snows ; Captain Fortune ; To-morrow ? La Joie d'Aimer. 


)UU LIBRARY TABLE:— The British Empire, 180i;-25 ; The Law of Likeness; Dawn on the Dark 

Continent; Lenten Addresses ; The Nicbeiungs ; Toe Story of King Arthur and his Knights; 

Library Catalogue!^, 


AtiK) — 

SCIENCE:— Physical Deterioration; Nature's Story of the Year; Mathematical Crystallography; 
Memoirs of Priestley; Faraday's History of a Candle; The Life-Hlilory of British Serpents; 
English and Foreign Methods in Science ; The Arunta Class-Names ; Symbolic Logic ; Gossip, 
f INB ARTS:- The Churches of South Nottinghaniiihire ; Gossip. 
[DSIC -.—Hector Berlioz; The DiveraionH of a Mnsic-Lover ; Wa^er and the Reform of the Opera ; 

Biobard Wagner's Lebensgaug in ijilieUarischer Daretcllnog; Gossip ; Performances Next Week. 
kUAMA :— A History of Theatrical Art ; Mr. Wilson Barrett ; Caoker-blooma and Canker ; Gossip. 

7%e ATHENjEUM, every SATO RD AY, price THREEPENCE, of 
JOHN C FRANCIS, Athtmznm Office. Bream's Baildinga, Chancery Lane, B.C. 

And of all HewMgaota, 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [io» s. ii, auo. is, laoft. 


are offering for Sale, at greatly reduced Prices, many Thousands of Second-hand Books from 
their Circulating Library. 

Important Works of History, Biography, Travel, Fiction, and all other Brandies o£ 
General Literature 

Valuable Bemoinders of Standard and other Publications, NEW AS PUBLISSED, 
Suitable for Libraries (Public and Private), Book Clubs, Institutes, Beading Societies, &&, 
School Prizes, Presents, &c 



Orders received at 186, Strand, London, W.C, and at the Railway Bookstalls, to which Books- 
are forwarded, carriage paid. 


embraces all the most important Works of General Literature and other Subjects of Pcpnlar 






MIIMH4 WMkir kr'omi a rmAiiau. bi— •«>«iiti»n: 0> ««w r t i«m. ao. i ud fium br jobh iowakd fmuna^ 


^ IJlcbium o( Intercommnniratton 



"Whan found, luk* • not* of.**— Captain Cottlx. 

<0. 34. [s^-SS.] 

Saturday, August 20, 1904. | 

Ktftrtetui MIA Nttrtpaptt MnlfrrJ irf 

Tamrlt Su^atrijitt^H, Wa. 64. yutt yr«r. 


I tA NUTKH 4*(i UrSKirtH frca tir pOKt I* in*. a<(.fnr ttti Montfat) 
_f ID* W. forTwelT* MnB(»*, InelDdlDf th« Valom* IbUdx.-JuHH G. 
rKAMCII.Jr«UiaMrfaMrMiuaM.»mm-» BolldlncB.UliUMrTLAM. 

" RsKinlna w»ll foor blond. H« 

Prom Jolta of Oauntdoth brtas bU p«dlf r«e.' 


ANCESTHY.KnglUh.ycotcli, Iri.H)i, Bnd American, 
TKJiCRDfrunifirATIl IIBCOUIM. HMcltlKy : WmI of Baclmod 
•sd ■■ilirmnl F&mlllta-Ur. HKfNRU^UPHAM.lMMIordCrniu, 
SstUr. Md 1, 1'pbam l%rk lUMd, cbiiwick. I>ond»o. W. 

MR L. COLLETON, 92, PiccadUly, London 
'Member rif BniHah and Fnri^lcn Antt()u«rlftn ftoclfltleai. tilidor- 
tokw the tamlthlBc nl Btlnii-t« rroni l*ftnilt K^ttUtcra, ('o|>iot or 
fcb«tr«ru rrnin n UU, Chsni'^rT rrnc»i'i1ing«, knd nthnr Uvcordi UMfol 
l»r OvDe«>i<Klc»l eilitetirevln BnaUnil. Ar»tl«ni1, and IraUnd. 

Abbr«*tftlBa lAtut l>n«uiiiiinL*Cf>plrd. K.itfinJtNl. and TranilaUd. 

ForrtKfi Heasardif* rarrlril not Ktiquli tt>i Ittvlud. Mr. CallaU>n'a 

rlTAIC Cnllpcnuoa ant worth coaauHinir for C!lDi>i- 

▲•Uqaa.rtan and Hrlsouno Hatvrial iMrrbad lor &nd OoplH aC tbi 

~MkMh MBBcani and olhrr Ar<-lt|ve». 


pllad. ao mattar OB what Hablect. &rkttiiwiad«»d td* world ovar 
■ th» moit««p«rt lionkflBdaraaiuot, I'lpaat iiat* waaU. — hAX.AR'1 
irMt HaoaaMop, 14-ie. John HrliM Utraat. Birminiliaa. 




■ •r97andai», Wa«t SIrd Rtr^t, Naw York and 2«, HMUI'DKU HTKBBT, 
LOtfltON. W.C. dMira to call tha aticBUoa of th« KKADinO 
PUBLIC lo tba •icallaat facllttlM orvacatrJ bj Ihalr Uraoek Moti»a ta 
Loadoa for BlliDC, oa the witnt tatounti'la tarma, ordara for tnair 

OatAJoitDta aaat oa applleailoB 


J. (Tbo LIADRNHALL PHWMI. Lid . PoMtthanaad PrlBtvra, 
ftO, Laadeohall Streai. LoBdno. B U i 
CoBlAlBi balrUki paper, ov^r which tbo pen allpo with portaet 
tpvadom. niipfinea aaeri. A*, bardoien, roltd or plalD. Naw Voekat 
M. la. par doi*ti, rvlad or plain. 

Aoibora ahonid bom that Tha Laadanhalt Vnn, Ltd . eaBBot b« 
lAponatbla (or tha toa* of MM. bf Or* or otherwia*. l>iipll<Mita eoplai 
•old ba ratalaad. 

;LTICKPHAST PASTK \% miles better than Gum 

■ stlrklnff IB A«rmpi, JolBiaf Paoara.Aa. M .d<i . aod 1«. with 
M^al hraah (BDt a Tori. Aend two aiampa to cover prvitafo 

ria TiotUe. iBclodiBir Itrnah Pactorf. Mufar Loaf Court, 
btrvBt. B.C. Ulaimtauenara. attokpbaat PaataaUcka. 


^ PRA?(CIS rnoiar nl ihe AtKtn^um. SmUi -yd UMrwt. *C . !• 
«par«d to •t'BMlT BBTlMArirt lor aU hiada of HOUK. BBWB. 




By T. L. WAT80M. P.Rl.BA. 

orisioys or tub J'RBSs. 
ihciMrr.— *■ A moat valaaiiie ceittrtbotion to arcblt^^aral lltsratBr*. 
hntUtrng >V*r« — "No belter Kolde could b« Damed." 
nuttdtit J\iur'utl~" Admirably produced." 

Otntffnm JletoUl ~" A tan*i iotarvtUoff Tolutne, and a model of 
arebirolOKlcal inTMUsatloa " 
IhtMdtt Attferiymr —" A inoft ratnarbsUa book." 

JAMB.S HBDUBRWICK A BUNS. Olaacow, Psbllabwm. 

NOW UBAl>Y, prlaa lOi. &f aet. 



with IntrodocUon by JOHEPH KNIOHT. F.B.A. 

noM. aa i: coBtalna. 1b 

'^a^le• and pMtodooyma 

.nnna 'I'he BBmbar of 

Ibe Publlaber raiervaa 

V ulumH at aaj Uiuc. Tbo 

Thla Index ti double the Bi.< - 
addliinn ti> Ibe niual ln<lt>t oi - 
of Writer*, with a Llit of 
aoBitant Cooiributora vireeds ■'> > 
the rtRbt of iBr^'eaatog the price p1 \l 
numbflr prlatad la llmttad. aod tha type haa beao dlttrlbuted. 

Pre« by poai, lo». iid 
JOHN C. FRANCIfl. y»Ut and QH/fir* Ufflc*. Brvani'a Balldloc*. E.ti. 

THIRD BuniUN, Kcrteed lo IK4. leap. Ato, clMb. prlM mvpeaet. 

ByW.T LYNN.)! A.PK.A.8. 
BAMrAtiN UIW, MAKKTUN ft GO . I.iHirto, 
At Uaaaiaa'allouM, Fetter Lane, B C. 



X Imporuot Ilttt«i In th. Hlfttory of th. World from ihe K.lrn ol 
\Mi\A to tb. rrsMBi 'I'liue. Thlril IMlUoii. hj w. T. X.yNlf,R.A. 
r H.Aa 

SAMPSUN LOW A CU At. liuniUn't Hoom, F.lUr lAa«. > C. 

TENTH KIIITIUN, prlM Tuo 8llllUa|>. 

/^BLESTIAI. MOTIONS- A Handy Book of 

\j «.ironofD;. T.Dtli Bdiuoa. With > ri.M> Dj W. T. LYHM. 
H A. r HA B 
*' WvllkBowoaaoBaoloor b«tt introdartloBBloMtroaomf." 

lAMnON LOW • CO. m. lunnAO'. Hoin. FMUr La», B C 

TRNTM RDiriuN, pric., clotb. 

RBMAKKABI>K COMETS : a Brief Survey of the 
nio«t IBt^munr Ku:t. In t)i« HLtorf c( COM^Ur, AltroBOMT. 
Bj W. T LYMN, « A. tV. A S 

■AM I'SON U)W * CU at Duoiiam Hn»t. PvH<r lu.. I c. 
'UNIiKIDGK WKI.I,8-Comfortablv KlIR- 

gni.t. plMMQt. »«« MBtrAI nirei mtnutM' vmlk from t.B K * c. 
•lAUoa. Mg attin lUn.— K. U., Mi Or«H Hill kOM, TvabtMi. 




NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo* s. u. acq. -jo. ; 

K I N G'S 




We have t« announce a new edifion of this Dictionary. It first appeared at the tni of 
'87, and was quickly disjraged of. A larger (and corrected) issue came out in the spring of 
1889, and is now out of print. The Third, published on July 14. contains a Urge 
accession of important matter, in the way of celebrated and literary sayinp tnd 
moU, much wanted to bring the Dictionary to a more complete form, and now appealing in 
its pages for the first time. On the other hand, the pruning knife has been freely ated, aod 
the excisions are numerous. A multitude of trivial and supcrdoous items have thus beeu 
cast away wholesale, leaving only those citations which were worthy of a place in a •tasdaid 
work of reference. As a result, the actual number of quotations is less, although it is bopol 
that the improvement in quality will more than compensnto for the loss in quantitr, Th« 
book has. in short, been not only revised, but rewritten throughout, and is not so maeh » new 
edition as a new work. It will bo seen also that the quotations are moch more "raeontii" 
than before, and that where any history, story, or allusion attaches to any particalar savinj^, 
the opportunity for telling the tale has not been thrown away. In this way what is primsrilv 
taken up as a book of reference, moy perhaps be retained in the hand as a piece of plessjuit 
reading, that is not devoid at times of the elements of humour and amusement. Od« other 
feature of the volume, and perhaps its most valuable one, deserves to be noticed. The 
previous editions professed to give not only the quotation, but its reference ; and, althougl) 
performance fell very far short of promise, it was at that time the only dictionary of the kind 
published in this country that had Imjou compiled with that definite aim in view. In the 
present case no citation — with the ejcejition of such unaffiliated things as proverbs, maximi. 
and mottoes — has been admitted without it-s author and passage, or the " chapter and verse" 
in which it may bo found, or on which it is founded. In order, however, not to lose 
altogether, for want of identification, a number of otherwise deserving sayings, &n appendix 
of Adetpota is supplied, consisting of quotations which either the editor has foiled to tnt» te 
their source, or the paternity of which has not been satisfactorily proved. There «io four 
indexes — Authors and authorities. Subject index. Quotation index, and index of Gsttk 
passages. Its deficiencies notwithstanding, ' Classical and Foreign Q ' ^ ' |us jd far 

remained without a rival as a polyglot manual of the worltTs famout ,j aitt if*^ o/ 

covers and of moderate dimensions, and its greatly improved qualities shouJJ oonflia ft •till 
more firmly in public use and estimation. 

K I N G'S 



London : J. WHITAKBB ft 80N8^ Lrn. 12, Warwick Uar, 

io»-8.u.Ato.2o.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



CONTRKTS.-No. 34. 

-FitiQeratd BII<llc>i;»pbT. UI-lMks'ii Miitio for 
olielh '— UiilKlen<>Kr»i.liy. 1«— '• Siuiguli," M:i- 
BsBilirlilKP Funlly, 144— Crioket— ' MliKiiilnB at Art' — 
liniom SfjtjIrvK— Klrtt bl*bop ennav^riiiCHl in We<itmlnit«r 
Cattinlrai, U&-'-Tli>- Kreal reaper, UrUli "— " WorkiiiK 
OlaM "— 'CliRnioii lit? KnI&fitl *— Jtihti Owen und Arch- 
Mibop WiUUma— Jiiculilii Soup— OnxUm aod "Rlcht«r," 

■gUBHIKS;-"HiK»ler"— H»((1o1okIcrI Termi, IMi, 117- 
*' Tbe toiiffue l?i the obetk " — KeKlmeoU nt Btt itnpUtr — 
" Trylle upnn my Hiirpc "--'The Purple Vetch '—Shrop- 
shire »j>il Monf|{oineryiililre Manors— LonKlellow, Mh— 
' LilMT lAnHRveiiila ' — Dueliett Surah — Axiteile Ware — 
Madouie MondaniU' — Kel Kolk-Iure — Holme Fletrepont 
Parlth Library- Author W«nle.l — Cowper— Pill Club— 
'" Flnl kitUio^'-arnhain— "Cutlwoorkai," U9. 

(KPLIBS; — DogNainen, IM — Swan - Namei — JoMphun 
Slnithlu«-(llrt Bit.lH, l.".l-Fln(tal u\d Dlormld— Kpluph 
un Ann navies -Tdlexwell and Tideslow— William Hartley 
— Btnu Llats, l&:j-Seatidinavlan DlilKipR - Saucy KnKl)>b 
Poet — " Peek-lxi"- " Get. a wl^Kle on"- "Come, live 
with me" — " Kever»t'«n " of Tree*. l.Vl— CoutAiioe*, Win- 
chenter, an<1 the Channel Ihlands- litme— Cloaeta In Bdln- 
t*ur|fh BiitldinKit — '(io<l tave the KInK,' IM — Shelley 
Family — InsorlptlonKnt tlrotava— Laa Palmoa Inacrlpttoiift 
— Mr. Jauea, l&o — Lady Bll/al>eth Germain — Wames 
oomni'in to lioth 8e«e<-The Kvll Bye, l.W-Flr«l IJeejia 
Rewapaper — " Woi yi>n > " I.S7— "A •houlder of raiittvn 
liroufEht home from FroDoe"— Qlpalea; "Cbiguonji"— 
Author! Wantvil, \H. 

r^lOTBS ON BOOKS :-Dnr|;oync'> Paailmlle and Tran- 
•crlpt of an Kllulietban Ma.— 'The Jaoohlte Peei-age,' &c. 

Votloe* to CorrespondentJ. 

(SeoSC'-S. iii. «1; iv. 15.) 

MtiEE than five years ago a, valued corro- 
Bpumletitof 'N. it Q." coiniiiunicatetl to these 
uluiutia a cuuple of poeniH which he had 
extracted from 'Tlie Keepsake' for 18.'55, 
•«iider tlie impression tliat they were the 
compoHition of Edward Fit/Gerald. I endea- 
voured to show— not, I trust, wit.hout success 
— tliat they were written by Edward Marl- 
'borough Fitzgerald, who left Cambridge 
-about tlie time that the author of 'Euphranor' 
•entered into residence, and who wa.s for 
lonK the latter's pet aversion. In liis recent 
'Lift) of Edwartl FitzOerald,' Mr. Thomas 
Wright, overlooking the two poems of 1835, 
lias printed in the Appendix a couple of 
•efj'usions which he has found in 'The Keep- 
«ake ' for 1834, and which, on the strength of 
^signature appemied to them, he has 
'l>uted to the subject of his biojjraphy. 
iphei'H have often strange vagaries, but 
Kilt their victims with tlit? composition of 
ij" else's indifferent verse is an unusual 
xJing, which is hardly likely to form a 
lient. .'\ shiirt corresfsjiidonco on the 
• in the Af/iemrHiii (fi Feb., 
iJlS; 20 Fob-, p. -.Ul), in 

wliich Mr. Akiis Wright conclusively showed 
that FitxGerald had no claim to the author- 
ship of these verses. 

The odd part of the matter is that Mr. 
Thomas Wright was no stranger to the name 
of Edward Marlborough Fitzgerald. On one 
occasion (' Life,' i. 76) he says that he left 
Cambridge " in ill odour " when E. F, G. 
entered it (Feb., 1826) ; on another (' Life,' i. 
312) he refers to him as ''the man with the 
tarnished reputation." It would be interesting 
to know Jlr. Wright's authoritv for this hard 
language, because from his letter to the 
Al/iemfum. of 13 February it is evident lie 
really knows nothing about him. FitzGerald 
certainly disliked his namesake, and resented 
l>eiiig mistaken for him ; but that may have 
been because he consitlered he wrote bad 
verses. It maj', therefoie, be interesting to 
quote a passage from Sir George's Young's 
introduction to his edition of Praed's ' Poli- 
tical and Occasional Poems,' 1888, p. xxiv, 
which treats his literary achievement with 
some severity, but affords no ground for the 
imputation of misconduct which is made by 
Mr. Wright. He was a contemporary of 
Praed's at Cambridge, and remained his 
friend through life :— 

" The present appears a aiiitable ocosion to ict 
at roat certAin douuu as totlieauthorsliijiof jioeiiu, 
wliinh were by Praed's last American editor, Mr. 
W. H. Whitniore, erroneously ascribed to his ]>en, 
and were excluded by Derwent ColeriilRe from 
the collected edition. The error has recently been 
rcfpealed, with less excuse, by a London publisher. 
Tlio difficulty, inch as it iti, arises out of the common 
use, nl the same time and in the same periodicals, 
of one und the same initial by way of signature, the 
(Jreck uncial *, liy I'rned ami by his friend Kdward 
M. Fitzaernld. 'I'liis FiUtBerald is by no means to 
be confounded with the 'hoarse Fitzgerald' of 
liyron's ' English Uards and Scoloh Reviewers,' 
wlio was parodied in the first piece of the.' Rejected 
Addresses'; and still less with the Edward Fiti*- 
iierald who rewrote Omar Kliayyani and the 
' ARainemnon ' of .ICschylua in English. He was a 
cousin of Mr. Veaey Fitzgerald, whose defeat for 
the County Clare in DOS converted the Duke of 
Wellington to Catholic Emancipation ; he was an 
Irishman, possessed of some talent for verso, and 
some social gifts, and hu dieil some vears after 
l'rae<i's death, which happened in 18,1ft. Two or 
three poems of his, written in imitation of Praed, 
have l>een included by Mr. Locker- Lampson in bis 
' Lyt-H Klcgiinl.iarum '; he has al-^o left some good 
|>ulitical pieces ; l>ul apart from Praetl's inspiration, 
I do not think there is anything of his composing 
which merits notice, unless it be a bitter lamp'wn 
on Thomas Moore, wliicli apiwnred in the Monimu 
i'lmt of 2t> September, \Xir>. In ili«tinguishing his 
pieces from Praed's it has been inifmssible for me 
to ignore in him a certain ingrained vulgarity, a 
dcticiency of accurate knowledt'e of Latin, an im- 
I>erfect masterj' of metre, an inditTerencc to griimmar. 
Hint II laxity in rhyming, which, together with a 
fondness fur musical slang, for Irish alluaiQcn.,«.'cv\ 

NOTES AND QUERIES. [w* s. ii. An,;. 30. ] 

K I N G'S 




We have to announce a new edition of this Dictionary. It first appeared at the end of 
'87, and was quickly disposed of. A larger (and corrected) issue came out in the sprin); olS 
1889, and is now out of print. The Third, published on July 14. contains a l&rgcl 
accession of important matter, in the way of celebrated historical and literary sayinj^s and 
moU, much wanted to bring the Dictionary to a more complete form, and now appearing in 
its pages for the first time. On the other hand, the pruning knife has been freely used, and 
the excisions are numerous. A multitude of trivial and supcrtluous items have thus been 
cast away wholesale, leaving only those citations which were worthy of a place in a standard 
work of reference. As a result, the actual number of quotations is less, although it is hoped 
that the improvement in <]uality will more than compensate for the loss in quantity. The 
book has, in short, been not only revised, but rewritten throughout, and is not so much a newj 
edition as a new work. It will be seen also that the quotations are much more " raconli*'^ 
than before, and that where any history, story, or allusion attaches to any particular sayingJ 
the opportunity for telling the tile has not been thrown away. In this way what is priiuarilH 
taken up as a book of reference, may perhaps be retained in the hand as a piece of pleasani 
reading, that is not devoid at times of the elements of humour and amusement. One other 
feature of the volume, and jierhapa its most valuable one, deserves to bo noticed. The 
previous editions professed to give not only the quotation, but its reference ; and, although 
{)erformanco fell very far short of promise, it was at that time the only dictionary of the kind* 
published in this country that had been compiled with that definite aim in view. In th^ 
present case no citation — with the exception of such unRfliliated things as proverbs, maxims 
.•ind mottoes — has been admitted without its author and passage, or the "chapter and reree' 
in which it may be found, or on which it is founded. In order, however, not to loM 
altogether, for want of identification, a number of otherwise deserving sayings, an append!] 
of Adetpota is supplied, consisting of quotations which either the editor has failed to trace t<i 
their source, or the paternity of which has not been satisfactorily proved. There arc fond 
indexes — Authors and authoritie-s. Subject index, Quotation index, and index of Greek 
passages. Its deficiencies notwithstanding, ' Clai>sical and Foreign (iuotutions ' has so fai 
remained without a rival as & polyglot manual of the worll'n famous sayitujt in owe pair of 
eoveri and of moderate dimensions, and its greatly improved qualities should confirm it still' 
more firmly in public use and estimation. 




Loodon: J. WUITAKBR tc SONS, Ltd., 12, Warwick Une, E.G. 

WS.II. Av.;.J«J.19f*.: NOTE? i^»_ 

Loxi'O.y, SAT ::: .-:y. A GiiZi :■. r ;_ i.. i. 

COXTTNT-.-:." --i. -:-- *- — 

2{OTKS:-FiuG«»lil B:'-' <r»;i.- -'■-;••'»'' I-I-- - _ ■ -' _ 

•M«!l*th'— tV!-1*n B:'. <t»:-.- .— — ••«^a»' - .. -li. i r_ 

Camhri<lK« FiicllT. ;.4— '.r :i:--.— ltifi:i:i- • miT - , r ., „ 

Mnx'm S.iuln;«-Fif»: fc:'i ; . .-.K-.ri--- ■ T— -3:rirH- - - - 

Catbt^iral, l«l-"It'- £-»•- r*ii»r. >»t: -• V-i.i ..i«-_ .; _ 

ClaM"— 'O.aiiion •'' f. -t.-.^ -.'•:.• '.-rv u-.t k^- „- - - 

Mi.h.ip Williami-Jac.'.LS -;■- C»:-,:r. u.: ■ Ursar. _ 

11.!. -:.vr-r : 

■yi:KRIKS:-'-H.":«"-H« Te-iit .' - '•' — -- '^'-T 

"Tilt- tiinuu^ i;i 'D* cL-*« ^TtAfomrA v h^' *."Ili'_— • '-' : 

"TryUe npfin my Htr;-- — Tiit J*;.-:- *-^.s — 2.r-r- ^ , 

fhir^ an<l M'^fi'^'-iErrj-' •* Jt*.*---^ - 1. tiF— : » -•— ' — "' — 

' Libff ljiiw1a-.»i.$-fi — l*-**-** SI.-1.:— i j»-- Tx*- - ~ '">•■ ' — ■ 
Ma>lam<- Mm^U- it^— E-' .••.■•■ r, - £ -a^ •'—use 

Parish LIlirarT-* ;r:. » W>.-<r - :...:^-?-:r •__;- -■ 

"Flrtil kiuf.0"-fir»:.t.=-- i..-r.» J '--?•. ■ -■ "Hl». ' -_ •' 

SKHUK3:-D'*S.:r.«. ". -i.« I«r.-» - —; ; ■'^— ^ - - 

StruthiiH-OM B" '■.'.' -} rxt. »:.• jm— — tr.'.^a: -t;_; ' ■• — •- 

on Ann Davit*— Ti-'-*v- t^' ;.--*i * — ? ".jr- la*—-^ - ._ 

— Kton LUt«. lS2->*- ■ -.i- l: i «i ^•-- m.— tic .c -——•• 

Pn4-i—"Pfrk-!.i '-■•&-: i, vj;^- n -• •.-.- •_ f -- . 1, 

with me"— "Kf.-n: -. - r--n ...— " .-ic t». r •- - •_ j».u 

burKh BulU:! e» - • ',- .- »<• - .* i -_x, .. - -.^«.- - '■" '■^" ■' 

Family- In«nf,:ve.<«- - na i-lai>*i.sM :i«— r.m . a. _ • 
—Mr. JatiM. ;v-l*rT E. :..-'.-. V«-Li- - Ab^ 

comiiim to '■■■•-. S;!*.* •?•-•* >• i-- .-» ^-t .■>« - ■ -'iii* 

Ilr«i>|Ap«r-'- Wu ■; . ■- t .i.-.-^ r x'-^ • •_- — -— f 

l<n>UKht fc'jir.f fr-r-. i -,i> - -_■ ;.i» • ■--■^ . 

Auttaon Wast-'. :'-. ^^ — ^- "^ 

SOTBS OS B'/'iti -I.-iT'j»' >«•»'* sr 5». ' '"" 

•oript of an E..;»-.-.ii.- It- - : .^ ;..-. v t— -j- ^. T^ - j 

N'^tifn toCtf»«;.-.-.i*-M Tj^.: .—■:£:. 

•under i'::b :•:.:•'*•.■. r -t- -.^ ^,^ '.*' ■*■ '-an^i 

composition .::._■ ,t.".;.-...>rfc.- '---1^ ' ="'— ■f*' - - .. . 

voure.lto.r.v*— .- --^.-Tr.- ■^!!^ : «■-«-«■- . 

-that tL.T .»..;-■-■• :„;■;* *=•/*• ' J!:!''--'* ■■ -■ ■ -. 

'Life of E.,i^.'*i *,^2.: -• •^'.•^' *■-'•»«- . .^., ' . ■ 
^'rittht. o-.*- ^<.". . ■ . ■ •'-' •««• ""«•-• —-^r . . ;■ 

«ffurion. »■;-- -. -■.'i-T'C— «-Jw->- * iJZ'J^. *•• -^ - ■ 

«ak» = * .- r,." ■*■ '^■'- « * '*«_ '"^.«a» • ,. ... _ X 

the «jra::-- t- ..-.:^".- "* ■•»«• t •-.« -l^ww!;,^. 

tocreii;-^..,-,-. -. ; . .-^ «i^«t «t rwT^: ^ - •£ was 

>■■- ' -*->«i»siLr."' " •■■■ • 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo- s. ii. Am. 20. 

for (iiiotationa from Byron, make up the not«a of a 
ratlier unsatisfactory writer. How diHerent from 
these are the characteristics of Praed'a atyle his 
admirers will uol need to be informed ; and it is 
nothing less than a duty in his editor to protect 
Praed's memory from the ascription of pieties im- 
(wsaible for liim to have wriltea and quite unworthy 
of his fame." 

These last words may be taken to heart by 
any biographer of FitzQerald, for it is quite 
impossible to ascribe to his fastidious pen 
the "poems" which Mr. Wright has re- 
printed from 'The Keepsake,' and wlijch are 
even below E. M. Fitzgerald's usual form. 
The three pieces selected by Mr. Locker- 
Lampson are probably the best that could 
be found, and when compared with such a 
poem as IVaed's lines to 'My Little Cousin.s,' 
how immeasurably poor tliey seem. The 
best of these piece.s, 'Ciiivalry at a Discount," 
was corrected throughout by Proed, as is 
proved by the original manuscript in the 
possession of Sir Theodore Martin. The last 
four lines, for instance, originally ran :— 
Oh. had X lived in those bri)(ht times, 

Fair Cousin, for thy glances— 
Instead of many senseless rhymes, 

I had been breaking lances ! 

This was altered by Praed into : — 

Oh, had I in those times been bred, 

Fair Cousin, for thy glances— 
Instead of InriUhiy Prixiaii't luail, 

I had been breaking lances. 

When the grammar of the original lines is 
examined, one can understand the irony of 
Praed's emendation. It is easy to compre- 
hend that FitzQerald had no desire to be 
mistaken for a poet of this calibre, and it is 
to be hoped that, should another eiiition of 
Mr. Wright's pleasant biography bo called 
for, these pieces, which do no credit to the 
memory of his hero, may be e.xpuiiged. 

W. F. Pripeaux. 

Mccu confusion seems to have arisen in 
the minds uf our musical and theatrical 
historians owing to the erroneous inipres.sion 
conveyed by that arch-blunderor Dowries, 
in his ' Koscius Anglicanus,' to the eifect that 
Davenant's sophistication of ' Macbeth ' first 
saw the light at the Dorset Garden theatre 
late in 1672. So far from being a novelty, 
the senii-o|>era (to aijopt North's phrase) 
would appear to have l>een a mere revival of 
an older version of the tragaly, embellishe<i 
by a few spectuoular adjuncts, .sucli as the 
eflhct of the Hying witches, whose inclusion 
wu doubtless suggested by the superior 
mechanical resources of the gorgeous new 

Davenant had died in April, IP''" 
conducting afTairs at the Duke's j' 
in Lincoln's Inn Fields since June, 1'.^ 
we know that during that period there hn 
been several revivals of ' Macbeth,' at Icasl 
two of which had had the adventitious aid 
of dance and song. The tragedy wa. in rl 
bill on 28 December, 16e(!, when l\ 
sidered it "a most excellent play for ■ 
What ho means by " variety" is sliowu in hit 
entry of 7 January, 1667. recording anothet 
visit to the Duke's to see ' Macbetli,' " wliicli 
though I .saw it lately, yet appears a 
excellent play iu all re.spects, but e«p 
indivertisemont, though it bo adeeptr 

it being most proper here, and suitable.'' 

paid another visit to Davenant's honse on 
]!) April following, and "saw 'M 
which, though I have seen it often, 
one of the best nlays for a stage, and > a, hhi 
of dancing and musick, that ever I saw.^ 
The music for the production of J6fitj-7 wa 
apparently written by Matthew Locke, 
oifi associate of Davenant's, for some of .. 
"dance music in 'Macbeth'" was publistie 
in 1CC6, and again in 1669. These com^ 
sitions differ so strikingly iu style from tiifl 
'Macbeth' music of 1072, that historianf 
who placidly take on trust the statement < 
Downes that the latter was the work of Lock 
are hard put to it to explain the discrepancy? 
Surely the discovery of a acore of the lat 
production in the autograph of Henry Pu. 
cell, combined witli the fact that the roaa 
is written distinctly in his earlier style, i 
the question. Croakers, of course, wi, 

mind us of the juvenility of Purcell in 

and point triumphantly to Downes's atat 
ment that his first theatrical effort was con 
po.sed in 1C80 for ' Theodosius." But 
uncorroborated testimony of a stupid 
gossip in the last stages of senile decay gc^ 
for naught. No historical chronicle eva 
published is so replete with error a« the 
' Roscius Anglicanus.' 

One sees very well now how !■ 
blunder in ascribing the 'Macbeth ' i. , 

1G72 to Ix>cke occurred. As prompter uf iha 
old Duke's company, he had seen the prek 
duction of 16tj«-7, for which Locke ntH 
doubtedly composed, and a mind and meniorj 
none too well ordered at the best readilj 
confused the two. W. J. Lawkknce- 


(.See 10"' S. i. 481 ; ii. 3, tK>, 103.) 
I ADD a few titles, accidentally omitterf k, 
which have come to hand whilst tlie list ira 
being printed. 




Dcorporate your Borough ! A letter to the Inhabi- 
Utnta of Mauchealer. 13y a Kadictil Heforiiier. 
Manchester, J. fiadsby flS38]. Svo, j.p. l(i.— 
This tract, of which 5,000 coiiies were printed, 
led to the obtaining of a niuniuinal charter for 
the Parliamentary borough of Manchester. It, 
became excessively rare, and the only copy now 
known to be in existence is in tlie poasesaion 
of Mrs. Jane Cobden Unwin. Several Man- 
chester collectors arc known to have been 
looking for this tract, unsuccessfully, fur many 
years jiast. Two may be mealioned, father nml 
son. who vainly have searched for a cn|)y since 
18.V2 ! Mrs. Cobden L'nwin's copy had a place 
of honour in the Old Manchester Exhibition 
of the present year. 


Speech of Mr. Alderman Colxien, at the Town 
Council [of Manchester], on proposing a Keso- 
lution to petition both Houses of Parliament 
for the Total and Immediate He|>eal of the 
Com Law. (From the Maiirhri/i r Timtn, 
April H, 1.S4I.) Manchester, Prentice & Cath- 
rall.— A folin broadKheet. 

Total Kepeal. Speech iu the House of Commons, 
Mayl3[l$41]. Manchester. Svo, pp. 8. M.F.L. 


I Col>dcn a Traitor for i|>eaking and voting for the 
Education of Pritals? And ought the League 
to be broken up? By a Lancashire Banker. 
(Second edition. Ivondon, Cleave. [Manchester, 
printed by .James Kieman. Svo, pp. 16. 1H4.5. ] 

].,inea in celebration of the Grand Free Trade 
Festival, :}rd August, 1««}. By Robert Uibli, 
the Wliarfdale Poet. Printed during the 
progress of the Grand Free Trade Procession 
by Metcalfe t Lavender. ..Manchester.— A pic- 
torial broadside, containing a view of the birth- 
place of Cobden. 

, An Account Current of the Cobden National 
tribute Fund to April 29lh, 1848. [Manchester, 
pp. 15.) M.F.L. 

I ».">:). 

1793 and 1853. Manchester, reprinted by Alexander 
Ireland. 185.3. 8vo, pp. 23. 


lA New Song to the Memory of R. Cobden, Escj.. 
[ M.P.— A street ballad. It is reprinted m 

'Curiosities of Street Literature,' London, 

Reeves Jc Turner, 1876. 

[The Political Writings of Richard Cobden. Lon- 
don. T. Finher Unwin. 2 vols.— With portrait 
of CVjbdeii from a favourite jihotograpb by 
Adolphp Beau, anrl an engraving of the meeting 
of the (''ouncil of the Anti-Corn Law League 
from >I. R. Herbert's picture. 

|Cobden's Work and Opinions. By Lord Wclby 

and Sir Louis Mallet. r.,onJon, T. Fisher 

Unwin, IfllH. Svo, ini. -18.— This is the preface 

to tbp • Political \vriting8,' IIKB, with the 

I a few phrases. 

■i'a ancestry, see 'N. ife Q.,' 7"' S. 

O. Vl*i, olU. 

la May^ 1637, Cobden wrote and publubed 

a pamphlet on ' National Edacation.' It was 
a reprint of a letter which appeared in the 
Mawhe»(er Ouardian, but no copy of the 
tract i8 known. 

We do not u.sually associate the name, 
honoured in other directions, of Joxepli 
Humo with bibliography, but he had the 
good .sense to understand the historic value 
of pamphlet and other ephemeral literature, 
and wrote to the Anti-Corn Law League, 
a letter, printed in the Manc/iester Guardian, 
10 Dec, 1842, in which ho said : — 

" I am desirous to have the proceedings of th» 
Anti-Corn- Law League placed on recora ; and Ii 
request, for that purjiose, that you would appoint 
some two members of your committee, or the 
secretary, to collect, whilst in your power, a copy 
of everv printed a<ldress and paper of si>eechear 
&o., in ^lanchester and in Ijondon, of the League 

up to this time, and to give directions that a copy 
of every paper and document henceforth printed 
be preserved and sent to me ; and I will have 

them bound and presented to the British Museuiu 
— there to remain a proof of the efforts made to- 
procure free trade in food," &c. 

Was this intention carried into efTect? 

William E. A. Axon. 

(SeeW'S. i. 462,515.) 

I MAY remind the reader that I am endea- 
vourinij; in these papers to connect ot/io and 
»(in{/uis. As there is no philological obstacle 
in the way of that connexion, the probability 
of it, on various grounds, is so great as to 
outweigh any theoretical origin from in- 
dependent roots. When examining t'xwp and 
suggesting its connexion with Lat. ci'j/w 
and W. gmied, I should have been glad to 
find the suggestion countenanced by the 
identification of Eng. sap and sangiiit. But 
I could not see my way to that identification, 
for tlie labialization of the Indo-European 
root mk- presupfxjses a fuller form sak-a-, and 
it is an elementary fact in Indo-European 
philology that the Teutonic languages do not 
labialize the velar guttural. If, therefore, 
Eng. »ap comes from the root mIc-, it must 
have been borrowed from a non-'Teutonic 
liouroe in a form alrea<iy labialized ; and in 
that case the probability is that the vowe) 
would have become i (as we find in Sif, the 
name of Thor's golden-haired wife). 

The group of Latin words connected with 
/uinifuii contains Mfjus, Kt</ana, .S'anciM, sancui' 
lutcer, iihjio, among others. Of these " others," 

Ejriiaps the mostintorestingisMigrnien, which 
ewis and vShort, in their 'Dictionary,' most 
absurdly connect with the Greek adrrut, nob 
deeming Fostus's derivation from mv^io even 
worth notice. The minute acc«\i.v4.\,"0».^v>a»s,- 



como down to us of the claltorate ceremony 
of the Fctial elnrifjatw can leave no doubt in 
the mind of an unbia«!ied reader that Festus 
■was right, wliilo a plausible inference 
may also be drawn from the same descrip- 
tion that the Jupiter of the ceremony 
roust at one time have been known 
.&8 "Sancus," and that the " Dius Fidius" 
Saneut, san-ci-o, and siirffiuii are all inti- 
mately connected with siintjuis, word and 
deed alike. A similar inference nia^ be 
drawn from the "hyssop" of Exodus xii. 22 : 
" And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and 
dip it in the blcKxi that is in the bason, and 
strike the lintel and the two side posts with 
the blood that is in the bason." It is worthy 
of notice that the hyssop (Hebrew and Arabic 
■ e:0/j) which "springeth out of the wall" 
(1 Kings iv. 33) might very well derive its 
name from a labialized form of sa^jnifiii, which 
in that would be rather of a Medi- 
terranean than of an ludo-Kuropuan origin. 
I have examined the latest authoritie„s {'.(/., 
the ' Encyclopiedia Hiblica') on this question, 
and I can find nothing to militate against 
this suggestion. 

Just as I write this I find in the Daily Tde- 
'jraph of 20 -July, in an article on ' A Japanese 
Memorial Service,' by Mr. 11. J. McHugh, the 
correspondentof that paper with the Japanese 
army, the following interesting statement:— 

"Then one of the asgist-ant priestii [of the ^)hinto 
reliftiou] went to the table, ou which luy the lioRle 
Tl>\ae branch, and, raiiiiiiK it in his hands, he waved 
It three limes over the altar, munnuriiif; ^irayeni aa 
he did it, thiii coniiocratini! it for the service. Then 
he perfornjed a similar office to the other tables, 
and the basket of o(rorinK>. his fellow-priests, the 
general and bis stall, I he forei);n othcerH, and, lastly, 
the long lineK of khnkielaii soliliprs on the jilain 
below, sanctifying the whole assembly. 'I'he cere- 
mony of sanclitication is termed 'aakaki,' and 
should be performed with the branch of a special 
shrub, reseniblinf! the tea-plant, which grows in 
Japan ; lint in its absence any overKreon branch is 
e<|ually ethcauious." 

Saki and ki are words familiar to all who 
take an interest in res JnjKtnico' : but what 
exactly does sakaki denote and connote 1 

J. P. OWKN. 

CAMBRii>f;E Family.— Michael do North- 
burgh, Bishop of London, who died in 1361, 
by his will appointed John de Cauntebrigg 
■one of his executors. The will was pmvod 
on 13 December, 1.301, when power was re- 
served for liim to come in and prove later 
(U. H. Sharpe, ' Calendar of Wills prove<l in 
the Court of Husting,' vol. ii. p. 61). I'ro- 
bate apears, however, to have been granted 
to him before 1374, as we find that on 10 March 
of that year (47 lidw. lU.) a demise was 

111 de Cantebragge) ( 
iitors to WiUiainf 

i-i and t<>nr(i 

I ty of Mid 

.,,,. ..f T 

executo ' ' • ' - 
one of ■ 

and Aliti 111^ •■ . 
Ty bourne, late 
Northburgh, for: 
exchange for a 
" Verneoroft," ii' 
'Calendar of An. 
Is anything furtl 
Cambridge ? 

Many referenced are to be found to 



16, 175. 
Writs.' I 

of this family in the C. 

Books of the Corporation 

where. l{eginald Kan' 

ever, little anpcarn to ! 

was one of tiie sureties tui 

who was sheriff in 1274 (' < 

Book A.'p. ia4), and i: 

dm] before 1284 (J. . 

of Cripplcgate Ward, i;hmi_ ,, j,, 

Husting Roll 14, 210), ia one'ot tiie" 

In 1284 Robert de C - ' 
of the City of London 
men of Cripplegate \\ .., . . 

In 1307, It; .S?pteiuber, 
brig was appointed a I^.>"-- 
in which po-sition he i 
1.310. From that dat^ 
to have been frequently «• 
negotiations (Foss, 'The .' 
quoting Rymer's ' Fieder.; 
273, 333 ; • Madox,' ii. 5S 
ii. pp. ii, 4, 630, 1408). 

As early, however, as thetinwnl E'1»"it41 
there Bp{)ear8 to have been a S 
bridge who was chosen one < : 
of Parliament for the tow 
the Great Parliament cai 
de-scribed as a man of 
Hubse<iuently became 
Bench. He was evi<i. 
for in 1344 he presentt' 
of Corpus riiilKti ;,, 
of silver gilt 
Clark, 'Caml.i ,, 
pp. 25 and .'«)). rin 
appears to have died i 

Then there wa- 
is said to have I" 
bridge. Judge of tin- 
and Atkin.son and «. 
scribed and Illu.strnteiJ, j. 
scarcely be the smtin ra i 
scribed, altli' ' ' 
executor of \: 
also be 1 1 - 
brugg, ■ 
will' •■" 
Ulc ...... .. 



10" 8. II. An.;. 20. 1904.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


>wn which had been seized into the king'.s 
Jhands restored (Cooper's 'Annals of Cam- 
■bridge,' 1843, vol. i. p. 117, quoting Madox, 
'Firma Burgi,' 142). The two individuals 
Bern, however, to have been frequently con- 
ased by writers (cf. 'D.N.B.,' and Foss, 'The 
Fudges of England,' art. 'John de Cantebrig '). 
In i:J40 we find a Stephen de Cambridge 
Dentioned in Cooper's 'Annals of Cambridge,' 
irol. i. p. 9.3. wiio acted as attorney for the 
layor and Bailiffs of the town of Cambridge. 
In 1392 the will of Isabel Cambridge 
Langley ), Duchess of Euerwyk and Countess 
Bf Foderingey, co. Northants, was proved in 
'he Prerogative Court of Canterbury (Reg. 

There was Sir Wilh'am Cauntebrigg, who 
v&a Alderman and Sheriff of the City of 
andon iti 1415 (Kyley's ' Memorials.' p. (!20; 
setter - Bixik I., fol. clix). By his will, 
which was proved in the Prerogative Court 
of Canterbury (Reg. 16 LuffenaraX in 1432, 
from which it appears that ho was a member 
of the Grocers' Company, he loft property to 
liis wife Edith for her life, with remainder 
to the Prior of the London Charterhouse. 
The will was dated 27 December, 1431, and 
was registered iu the Court of Busting e May. 
14.33(R. ]i. Sharpe, ' Cal. of Wills Court of 
_Husting,' vol. ii. p. 403). 

H. W. Undekdown. 

CBit'KET.— [t may interest the readers of 
' N. it l^.' to know that one of the earliest sepa- 
rately printed references, if not the first, to a 
ncket match is a folio broadside, "printer] 
or J. Parker in Paternoster liow," 1712, a 
copy of which (probably uniaue) was sold 
at Sotheby's rooms, 21 June last, lot 4ai, 
"Tmtitle<i "The Devil and the Peers ; or. The 
Princely way of Sabbath-breaking. Being a 
True Account of a famous Cricket- Match 

between the Duke of M . another Lord, 

and two Boys, on Sunday the 2Jtli of May 
last, 1712, near Fern- Hill in Windsor Forrest ; 
for Twenty Oulneas." I am under the im- 
pression that I have seen an advertisement 
Ma still earlier cricket match, viz, of the 
Ttear 1705, in a conteraporarv newspaper (tlie 
foffiiuiii, I believe) ; but the same cannot, 
t course, be con»idei-ed a "separately printed 
Bference " in the sense of the above. 

W. I. II. V. 

-This now defunct 
■ I my residence upon 

curiosities, possessing no preface, date, or 
indication of their re»i>ective dates of isauo. 
The first volume contains eight parts only. 
Upon the next, under an etching by Hubert 
Herkomer, occur the words. "Magazine of 
Art. Vol. II.," but absolutely no date. 
Vol. III. is also dateless. Messrs. Cassell «fc 
Co., the publishers, explained to me, many 
years ago, that, originally published simplj' 
as • monthly issues, until the Magiizine of 
Art had attained its fourth year tiiey were 
not at all sure the venture was going to 
survive. Hence the omissions mentioned. 

Harky Hems, 
Fair Park, Exeter. 

Broom Squires.— In that delightful book 
'Old West Surrey,' by (Gertrude Jekyll, re- 
cently published, allusion is made to a notable 
rural industry — heath and birch broom- 
making— and the makers of those unrivalled 
domestic necessities, who are popularly known 
as "broom squires." Air. Baring-Gould has 
made those humble workers of the country- 
side famous in his Uindhcad story 'The- 
Broom Squire.' 

Some light upon the origin of this now 
generally acknowledged lujl/riqmt will be 
acceptable, certainly to the writer. Miss 
Jekyll calls them " broom-squarers." 

Another explanation, which is given as 
received from a member of my own family, 
who has been familiar with the story from 
his boyhood, has, I think, never been pub- 
lished. It is this. In the early years of the 
last century an old broom - maker named 
White lived at Shottermill. in Surrey. _ He 
was in a larger way in the broom business 
than wa.s, perhaps, usual in that day, and 
was an employer of labour. Top-boots were 
then the special privilege of men of the 
squire class. Our friend the broom-maker 
apjjeared one day in a brand-new pair of top- 
boots, and creAted a sensation. The neign- 
bours humorously dubbe<l him " the Broom- 
Squire," thus inaugurating a nickname des- 
tincil to live and gain considerable currency 
in the south of England. 

I do not know if this matter has been 
investigated to any extent in 'N. & Q.' ; but 
information or conclusions from other corre- 
sfiomlents may possibly interest regular 
readers. Charles Pamn'ell 

FiK-iT Bisnoi' Consecrated ix Westminster 

( 'ATnp.nKAi.. — It is iut«ro.sting to note that 

'■ ' Rev. Patrick Fenton, who was 

I Bishop of Amycla on Sunday^ 

•' '■ t bishop consecrated in 

Iral. and in all pro- 

ilomaa Catholvi 'cl\■ioa^J 

L<ii/it^<KU»{'iii<.a4 IJal;lllL^■ lllV iil^.l' 



NOTES AND QUERIES, cio- s. u. avo. 20. igoi. 

•ever consecrated in Westminster outside the 
walla of the Abbey. 

Fredeuick T. Hibgame. 

"The great reai-eu Death." (See nnU, 
, 88,) Longfellow has written this line : — 
There is a reaper, whose name U Ucntli. 
It is in his ix)era ' The Reaper and the 
Flowers.' I thought at first that Pope hail 
«9ed the expression ; but a moment's reflec- 
tion brought to my mind his actual words, 
*' the great teacher Death." 

E. Yardley. 

" WoRKisc Class " Ofkiciaixv Defined.— 

In a revised Standing Order of the House of 

[HJommons, adopted on the motion of the 

'•Chairman of Ways and Means, at the close of 

the session of 190-2, a much-disputed phrase 

is thus ofticially defined ;— 

" The expresiion ' working class ' means iriecbaoica, 
artisan?, labourers, and others working (ur watcea, 
•Jiawkera, coslermonKers, ))ersons not working for 
1 vr&Kos, but vvorkioK at Bome trade or handicraft 
"wiUiout employing others except niembera of their 
own family, and persons, other than domestic 
servants, whose income in any cane does not exceed 
an average of thirty ahillinga a week and the 
'^aiiiilioH of any of such persons who may be reaidiog 
with them." 

Alfred F. Uobbins. 

•Chanson de Roland.'— On the subject of 
the authorship of the 'Chanson de Roland' 
-and the minstrel depicted and named on the 
Bayoux tapestry, 1 received the following 
note from the late Prof. Julloville : — 

" Monsieur tant de personnagoa so sont oomm^a 
Turoldua ou Theronde «u Moyen Age nu'il est 
.I'galement imnoBsible de nier ou d'affirmer 1 identit<S 
du nii'neatrcl de la tajiitserie do linyeux et du 
trouvt're ijui a compOHt Iv«land, si Turuldui n'eat 
pas tout sinipleaient le scribe qui copie ou le 
juDgleur qui recite. Je vous salue monsieur avec 
diarinclion.-l'. ,T. (1.1 .Mai, 1892)." 

E. S. D0DG8ON. 

John Owen and — 
The author of the life of John (Jwen, the epi- 
grammatist, in the 'D.N.B.' wtites: — 

" Latterly Owen is said to have owed hit main- 
tenance to liix kinniiiati, LordKeet>cr Williams. It 
is remarka)>le I hut thoutih iie addreiHcs epigrams to 
numerous patrons and relatives, there arc none 
addressed to Williams." 

Epigrams 42, -13, and 44 in book iii. of 
<Jwen's last volume are addresse*! to three 
■<iifl"erent Welshiueii bearing the name nf 
John Williams. The second of tiiese was 
the future archbishop. He is clearly de- 
•cribod at the htvwl of the dislicli as "C'auta- 

1 bri^iensem, Theologum, k Collegii S. Joannis 
Sociuro." Ep. 4."., beginning. " Trea mihi 
coftnati," is addresse<l to all three men. See 

A&er, •Hist, of the Coil, of St, John the 

Evangelist, Cambridge' (efl. J. E. B. Mayor), 
p. 207 :— 

" Owen the epigrammatist has bestowed two enj- 
grama upon this muster [Owen titvyii] and his 
greater pupil [Archbishop Williams]. That upon 
the pupil is large enough, and peculiar tx) the 
fiertion described in it; the other is conmiOD, and 
will suit any man as well as lir. (>wyn." 

One would infer from this that Owen only 
"bestowed " a single epigram upon Dr. Gwyn. 
Owen Gwyn's name (Audot-nus Owyn) is 
above two epigrams — lib. iii. 160 of the 
earliest volume, and No. 89 of tiie second 
(dedicated to Arabella Stuart). Either, 
apparently, would "suit any man as well." 
We may presume that the same Owyn u 
meant, as in both instances Owen describes 
liim as " cognatum suum " and " Theol[og].'' 
Edward Hensly. 
The University, Adelaide, South Australia. 

Jalobis Soup.— The explanation of this 
word quoted from Phillips, l~Oti, "a kind of 
French Potage with t.'hec-se," is the only 
instance given by the 'N.E.D.' An earlier 
use, and the probable source of Phillipn's 
explanation, is to be found in 'The Com- 
pleat Cook,' 1690, where on p. .333 ii a 
recipe for "The Jacobins Pottage." Tb« 
cheese may be either "Parmasant" or cold 
Holland cheese. E. G. ii. 

\ CaXTON .4ND THE WoRD " RlCHTKR." — Id 

. Caxton's 'Golden Legend,' in the account of 
St. Nicholas, there is a narrative of the rescue 

I of three knights unjustly condemne<l to death. 
Tlio saint is accompanied by three princes 
who were his guests : — 

" And when they had come to where they should 
be beheaded, he found them on their kniees, and 
blindfold, and the riyh/er brandished his sword 
over their heads. And .St. Nicholas, embraced 
with the lovo of Ood, tiet him hanlily iigiiinxt clui 
righli'i; and took the eword out of hie hand, aud 
threw it from him, and unbound the innouunts, aad 
led them with him all safe." 

I quote from the very pretty and convenient 
edition published in the "Temple Classics *•; 
but for the purposes of this note I have con- 
sulted the Latin edition of Voragine (Paris, 
1475), the English version of Caxton (1-183, 
1493, l.'i27). the French version of Rataillioi* 
(Lyons, 1476). and the Dutch version (Gouda, 
1480)— all of which, with «>' in the 
John Rylands Library at M 1 • The 
word in Caxton's editions of n^.'i auii 1493 is 
spell in the first place rinkwir, and in th« 
second riijUlf.r, although tney are only four 
lines apart, 'fhe word was apparently felt 
to be outlandish, ami in the I-' ■■■!>• inn 
issued by Wyiikyn do Worde (l"i in 

substituted for ri'jktcr. This is e\ ... j UiaJ 


io*8.u.Aco.20.iflo*.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


German word liiclUer. Caxlon tells us that 
lie had a French, a Latin, and an English 
' Lepend,' and that out of these three he had 
made one book. The French version of Jean 
de Vigniiy, of which Caxton made use, I have 
not seen ; but in li&taillier's translation the 
word deaiUeur it employed. In the Dutch 
version we rea<l "hancrnan." That Caxton 
should use the word Richtii- is noteworthy. 
The long interval that now exists between 
judge and executioner lends an ironical air 
to the use of a common name for both. 

William E. A. AxoK. 

Wk must re<)ueat correajioDilenta destrinK io- 
formnlion on family nmttein of only private interent 
to ollix their names au>l aJdrenea lo their queriei, 
ID or<lt;r thai llie bDBwcrs may be addressed tx> them 

'HooRiER."— For about three-quarters of a 

BDtury the State of Indiana and its people 

iave been designated by the word " H<x)sier." 

Its origin is uncertain. It has commonly 

an supposed that it was coined at the time 

was applied to the State, and several 

■tones as to derivation have been circulated — 

[that it came from " Who 's here I" or " Wiio 

lyer]" from "hussar," corrupted after the 

,._Iapoleonic vara ; from " husher," 8uppose<l 

to nave beei used to signify a bully. All 

these stories tro imaginative. The word was 

in common U(e in the slang of the Southern 

States at the time it was applied to Indiana. 

It was eqnivilent to " jay or " hayseed " in 

^their present use in this country, meaning 

va uncouth nstic. There was a fad of nick- 

Inaminc at tie time, and this name was 

tppliea to lidiana, as " Huckeye " to Ohio, 

f* Sucker" to Illinois, "Red Hohh" to Ken- 

[tucky, >i;c. 

It has beei shown that most of the " Ame- 
ricanisms" <f the South are merely survivals 
ȣ English, risli. or Scotch dialect ; so much 
, that it las been said that British dialect 
better prwerved in our Southern States 
(Iian in the old country. This word, in its 
arm, seoinsto liear English— almost Anglo- 
ton— cre<entia!s. If a normal derivation, 
Dne would ecpect it Ui be formed from a verb 
"hoose," bit no such word was known in 
^his couutrj until 'The Century Dictionary' 
eas printe(. Although "hoose" has l)ecn 
irooiily ixed in England, not only iti 
■ I voterinary works, the disease 
H' II in this country only by the 

'I ii» worm that causes it--.SV;v»Mf////(« 
«riM. The word "Hoosier " naight pos- 

sibly have come from this source. Animals 
affected by the disease have a wild, uncouth 
look, staring eyes, hair rough, ttc, that might 
suggest an epithet for an uncouth person. 
" Hoose " is from a strong old stem, noted in 
all the arciiaic and provincial dictionariea 
and glossaries. 

There is a possibility of a geographical 
origin in " Hoose," a coast parish of Che- 
shire, a few miles west of Liverpool. This 
name presumably comes from the Anglo- 
Saxon "hoo," meaning high, and referring to 
the cliffs of the coast. Dr. Joseph Wright, 
in his 'English Dialect Dictionary,' gives 
" hoozer," meaning anything large, which 
probably comes from this source, and may be 
the original of our word. 

There is one other possibility worth men- 
tioning—that it may nave come from India 
through England. In India "Huzur" or 
"Hoozur" is a respectful form of address to 
persons of rank or superiority. Akin to it is 

housha,'' the title of a village authority in 
Bengal. This may look like a far cry, but it 
is not unprecedented. " F'ake " and " fakir " 
evidently came in that way, and " khaki " 
was introduced from India, and adopted in 
English and American nurserie.s long Itefore 
khaki-cloth was heard of. Of course the 
person calle<l "Hoozur" in India would be 
an outlandish - looking one to a Briton 
unaccustome«'i to such dress. 

If you or any of your correspondents can 
throw any light on this question, or cite any 
use of the word prior to 18;J0, it would be an 
accommodation to many persons on this side 
of the water. J. P. DuNS. 

Secretary Ind. Historical Soc. 


Ha«iolo«iual Tkbms Employed BY ENGLI8U 
Seamen about l&OO. — l. Are there any 
examples in the folk literature of Bristol, 
London, Whitby, ic, of the use of tlie 
following equivalents 1 Dead man = Good 
Friday ; Flowers = Easter Sunday ; Grace.^ 
Christmas; Clowns — day near Christinas; 
Hulls ■-= Circumcision ; Witless (Fools) = 

Is there any hagiological distinction 
lietween clowns and fools ? Deadman and 
Flowers and Bulls and Witless respectively 
appear twice on the Newfoundlana coast in 
such close proximity as to suggest their 
having the meaning given above. 

Deadman is given in various languages 
and corruptions: (1) Enicorporada ; (2) 
Monte Cristo, Monte de trigo : (3) Corques, 
Cork, Orque ; (4) Canjus. As Good Friday, 
Kt'8, the most probable year in this coti.- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- a. n. Aro, ao. iom. 

oexioD, occurred on 13 April, I am inclined 
to believe that some place near Deadmau's 
Bay was named after bt. Carpus, 1.3-14 April, 
hence arose the confuRiou. With the linstol 
BeatncQ, who apparently gave the names in 
this locality, went some "poor Italian 
monks who have all been promised bishop- 
rics." An inland in this vicinity was named 
'' Island of Friar Lewis," perpetuated in the 
names Cape I'Veels (Frailes— the Monk) and 
Lewis Island. Does the use of St. Carpus, 
not found in the York, Saium, or Hereford 
Calendars, as far as I can gatlier, point to 
any particular order of monks? Is the 
identification of Carqus with Carpus in- 
admissible etymologically ? And is carqus 
rather a corruption of carcass? 

2. Are the following saints associated in 
any calendar of the period : .St. Agnes 
(21 Jan.), St. Bridget (17 Feb.), St. Rhenus 
(24 Feb.), St. Baldred (5 March). St Gregory 
(12 March)? 

3. Cape Spear (He^sperus), near St. John's, 
Newfoundland. — Would the evening star bo 
ina very conspicuous position to a seaman 
sailing south to Cape Spear about 1 Jan., 1408 ! 

4. The following places are evidently named 
in connexion with 25 March : Devil s liook- 
out, Adam or Oldman, and TaradLse. What 
events of this character were commemorated 
on or near this day in England ? Is the use 
of Paradise Anglican or Gallic (Norman or 
Breton) ? 

5. Can Placeiitia have had a liturgical 
significance ? Has the association of clowns, 
crokers, and cupida any ? 

6. Skirwink and Sj)urwick appear to be 
connected with two \ork.shire namej* on our 
coast, Flamboro Head and Kobin Hood's Bay. 
I cannot find them in any book of reference. 
I thought Skirwink might be formed from 
»her (and ivicL) as in Siierwood Forest, which 
■was said to extend at one time to Whitby. 

7. Is there any modern book in which 
Calendars. Jlartyrologiums, and Ubtuariums 
of particular dioceses, churches, or orders in 
England, Normandy, itc, are grouped for 
comparison ? I am in search of references 
to printed or MS. calendars, ikc, directly 
connected with such ports as Bristol, 
Weymouth, Southampton, London, Whitby. 
St^ Malo, Dieppe. Lisbon, Seville, Genoa, and 
Venice. I should fool deeply indebted to an.v 
reader who would supply roe with tran- 
scription of any particular calendar, itc, of 
the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries iiaviug 
sttcb local connexion. 

8. Was tho 'May of March" the 2.Hh or 
31 8t in 1 G. R. F. PaowBE, 

<S'(. Joli., uniliand. 

as J 




CUKEK."— What are the origin and meaniu, 
of this phrase? Er>w,vBn Pai.mek. 

[The xigniticancu seema aliout the same as that 
a vulgar itiid i:ui'teiit Uiciitiuti, "To wink the oth' 
eye." The phnitie means liiat a ihinc U ipoken, 
but that credence U ecarcely exi>ecte<l. J 

Rk<;iments excaged at Boomplatz. — IJ 
should be glad to know of some book giviuKj 
an account (with regiments engaged, Ac.) or 
the battle of Boomplatz, under Sir Harry] 
Smith, in 1848. This, of course, wa.s against 
the Boers. A. J. Mitchell, Major. 

"Tkylle upon mv Harpe." — Thoma*! 
Ginder. of the parish of Elham, in Kent, byj 
his will, dated 140U, gave, among other pay- 
ments to the church, "To the light thae 
commonly at Elham is called Tryllo u|K)n mj 
Harpe, 6(/." This light is so called in twc 
other wills ; and John Goldfin.:h (1471) refer 
to the same as "Trilleon my Jlariw." What^ 
is the meaning? Was it a light maintained' 
by the minstrels or local rau.sicians? 

Arthur Hiissky. 

Tankerton-oD-Sea, Kent. 

'Le<;bnd ok The Purple Vetch.'— I sh* 
feel much obliged if you can inform me wher 
I can find the ' Legend of the Purple VetchJ 

W. Moore. 


Manors.— Can any of your W«lsh reade 
kindly assist me in identifying the iuanor» 
of " Nethergorther, Sandford, Qiloston, and 
Wolston, in the counties of Salo^ and Mont- 
gomery," as recited in a grant of them by 
James I. in 1614 to Sir Richard Huasey and 
Edward Jones, Esq. ? In what >ai-islies are 
they situated ? Any genoalogicalinformation 
respecting the grantees and tleir fauiiliea 
would also be welcome. F. N. 

LoNOFELLOw.- 1 shall be ^lad U be told, if 
possible, what is the exact significinco of tho 
words " until near the end " in a passago 
occurring in Thomas Davidson's account of 
Longfellow in the ninth edition of the ' Ency- 
clopaxiia Britannica.' It is said of he poet ; — 

"Though verv' for from WinK hani|»rofl \<\ »n«- 
ilognmtic jihiJosophical or reliKioua ayter- 
|ia«t, his inioij. until near the end. fond . 
»Btisfacl.ii)u in :! ' " 'liin view of ! ' ' 
inditfercnl to ' \ iniiiiiriii. 

present, ami ■! i m filaj^ w: 

recent solutiuu ot lifen iiroblunis. ' 

Did he towards "tlii> tnd" oitlrr i 
hanifjered by soiii ur 

cease to find "siu \.%ti 

view of life"? Iri U<.>'oert.<i<>ito lie ut the 
poet C Great Writers " series) it L< uiid UtaJ; 



10* s. u. Aro, 30. 1901] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


'Longfellow to the end had held to the 
|.'nitarian faith in which iio liad been bred." 
f ray question can be answered, we may 
erhaps learn how the two statements are to 
1 reconciled. F. Jarratt. 

'Liber Landavensis.' — This twelfth-cen- 
nry MS. was in 1890 in the possession of 
Ir. Daviea-f^ke. If I mistake not he is 
8ead. Where is the MS. now ? 

T. Cask Huohes, M.A., F.S.A. 

Duchess Sakah.— Can any of your readers 
ive me the names of the brothers and sisters 
''Sarah, first Duchess of Marlborough : and 
l»o say to whom eacli was married ? 

Walter J. Kaye, M.A. 

Pembroke College, Harrogate. 

[Mrs. Arthur Colville'a ' Duchess Sarah,' reviewed 
1" S. i. iTS, says lliat she was the yoUDgesl of 

veo children, but Ki\ea no oames.] 

^A.xsTEDK Ware.— In an inventory of 1413 
Xsch. luq., file ()59) appears the item "decern 
»ria de cutellor' de Axstede ware." An 
aq. p.m. of 54 Hen. IIL (No. 22) mentions 
Lxstode manor in Kent. Any particulars 
oncerning the early manufacture of cutlery 
|t Axstede would be welcome. 

Ethel Lega-Weekes. 

Madame Mondaniti';.— I find the following 

D p. 130 of ' Le Lys Rouge,' by Anatolo 

?'rance: " Eile fait ce que fait Madame 

Mondanite sur le portail de la cathvdrale de 

^ale." To what (loes this refer 1 

\ „ W. L. POOLK. 


[The reference seems to be to a ficure in the 
famous Danse Maoubre, (he iltlirii of which are 
lireserved in the Cathedral or Minister of Biile.] 

Eel Folk-lore.— 
The morn when flrsl it thunders in .March 
The eel in the jiond jjives a leap, they say. 
Browning, 'Old Pictures in Florence,' st&ora 1. 
[ 1 warrant you. mistress, thunder shall not so 
rake the t>C(ls of eels, as. kc. 

ijhakeajieiire, ' I'ericlea.' IV. ii., near the end. 
liat is the allusion ? Is it a well-known 
ece of folk lore ) Why does Browning add 
citically " in March " < 

H. K. St. J. S. 

Iolme Pierrkpont Parish Lturary.— I 
»ve heard it .statf«i that Henry Picrrepont, 

xt-..-,,.!... .)f Dorchester (for "•' ■:■ • -'. 
iindecJ a, parish libr i 

ii.-'i' ill (li^ ii.itU .. , _, , ,,[■ 

th of 
in. ,1 

E>1lld be L 
fm any ■ 

district, together with such particulars as 
may be obtainable. I should also be obliged 
for a copy of the inscription on his monu- 
ment in the parish church. 

W. R. B. Pkidkadx. 

Quotation : Author a.\d Correct Text 
Wanted.— Can any of your readers kindly 
give me the correct rendering and name of 
author of the following couplet ! It is some- 
thing as follows : — 

Xor billows roll nor wild winds blow 
Where rest not EnRlaud's dead. 
The first three words are wrong, I think. 

U. N. Lyne. 

CowpER. —Which is the best life of William 
Cowper, and which the best edition of his 
works? G. Kruegeb. 


[We have ourselves been contented with the 
e<liti<>u, in tifteen volumes, with life, by Southey, 
1833-7, reprinted in eiijhl volumes in "Bohn's 
Standard Libniry." Leslie Slejihen calls it "nearly 
e.xbaustive." Lives by Huyley, Cowi)er himself, 
and many others are in existence. See list of 
authorities at the end of life in ' D.N.B.'] 

Pitt Club.- Medalsbelonging to members 
of a club formefl upon the death of VVilliam 
Pitt are still to be met with in collections of 
curios. Is anything known about this insti- 
tution, which appears to have been quite 
distinct from any at present bearing the 
same name ? Pittite. 

"First kitt(Vi." — I quote this phrase 
exactly as I heard it pronounced by one 
Lancashire workman to another in the sen- 
tence, " Well do that first kittoo" (with the 
stress on the second syllable). By "first 
kittoo" he meant, of course, "first of all," 
"before anything else," intensively. Atn I 
right in supy)osiiig "kittoo" to bea survival 
and a corruption of the old English interjec- 
tional phrase " Go to " ? 

Cuaklks Swynnerton. 

Graham.- 19 August, 1848. there die<l "at 
the residence of his sisters, Belgrave House, 
Turnham Green, .John William Graham, Esq., 
late of the Hon. East India Company's ser- 
vice." Information is desired concerning 
this family. W^alter M. Graham Easton. 

" Cuttwoorkes."— The Stationers' Regis- 
ters for l.iOH record a work bearing the title, 
•The True Purfoction of Cuttwoorkes.' Can 
any rentier direct me to a copy of the book 
or (•xplaiii to rae the meaning of the last 
".ird J Posxiljly it relates to the Dutch system 
' canal drainage, whence the provincial 
■ m " cut " fiir eariiil. \Vm. JAOGAao. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo"- s. ii. aoo. 20, lOo*. 

do"" S. ii. 101.) 
The following dog-naraes do not appear in 
the last list nor in tliose at '"' S. vi. 144 : — 

Armelin, or "the Milk-White Armeline." 
Will. Druinmonrl. 

Atossa. — ' Poor ilatthiaa,' Matthew 

Bounce. — Pope's dog and Lord Colling- 
wood'a dog. 

Bumble.— Dog of Charles Dickens, at whose 
death he was given to Sir Charles Russell 
and died at hiwallowfield. 

Brush.— Miss Mitford's spaniel. 
Beau. — The dog of Miss Gunning. 'The 
Dog and the Wat«r Lily.' Cowper. 

Bawtie, Bagsche. — ' Bagsclie's Complaint.' 
Ball— 'The Dancing Dog.' Drayton. 
Bobby.— Greyfriars Bobby. Prof. Blackie's 
* Epitaph on Bobby.' 

Cut-tail. — Common name formerly for a 
dog. See Drayton. 

Chloe.—' On Trust.' Drayton. 
Dart.— 'A Dog's Tragedy.' Wordsworth. 
Doussiekie or Doussie. — Geddes. 
Donald. — 'The Schoolmaster's Story.' 
Fang.— 'The Miser's only Friend." Crabbe, 
Fop.— Cowper. 

Hock. — 'The Bonny Heck.' William 
Herod. — Barry Cornwall's bloo<lhound. 
llorlain. — 'Sir Tristrem.' Tlioraai the 

Harlequin. — A little spotted dog, said to 
have been the strongest link in the chaia of 
evidence against Dr. Francis Atterbury, 
Bishop of Rochester, when, in 1823, he was 
deprived of his office. 

Islet. — 'Islet the Dachs.' George Mere- 

Kaiser.— 'Kaiser Dead.' Matthew Arnold. 
Lanceman.— ' Bagsche's Complaint.' Lynd- 

Mayflower.— Miss Mitford's white grey- 
Mariette.- Miss Mitfortl's blue greyhound. 
Max.— 'Poor Matthias.' Matthew Arnold. 
Manx.— Miss Mitford's dog. 
Nina.— 'A Talk of the Reign of Terror.' 
Catherine !•■ ' ' i-. 

Nick.— ' J k.' Sydney Smith. 

Pompey.— .v. imisiui dogs in modern 
plirasearo called Pompey, Scipio, and Cajnar.' 


Peticrewe. —'Sir 

Phillis. — ' Canine Immortality.' Robert 
Southey. ,,, , , 

Prince.—' A Dog's Tragedy." W ordsworth. 
RoJi.— 'Old Koa.' Tennyson. 
Rocket. — 'Old Rocket.' H. Knight 

Snowball.— Colebratefi greyhound, beloiteed 

to Major Tophara, was in his prime in 1799, 
ancestor of many famous dogs. 

Saladin.— A yellow greyhound who accom- 
panied Miss Mitford in her walks. 
Scipio.— See above. Swift. 
Swallow.— 'A Dog's Tragedy.' Wordsworth. 
Scudlar.— 'Bagsche's Complaint.' Lyndsay. 
Tiger.— Mrs. Dingley's favourite lap-dog. 

Whitefoot. — 'Farewell to Whitefoot. 

Tippoo. — 'Shipwrecked Tippoo. Lord 
Grenville. Cosstaxck Russell. 

Here and there in medieval songs and 
texts in prose the names of dogs occur, but 
the rarest of all records of this nature are 
those which appear on moiiumonts, Of the^e, 
tiiough nothing is more common than the | 
portrait of a dog at the feet of a knight or a 
lady, only three exaiuplos of this kind are 
known to me. 1. Where at the feet of the 
brass of Sir Bryan Stapleton, o/j. 14.3S, as i 
represented by a rubbing now in the British 
Museum, a little dog appears together with a I 
lion. A label gives the name of the former J 
08 "Jackke." This brass is given in aui 
etching by Cotman, plate xxii. of tbo| 
'Sepulchral Brasses of Norfolk.' 1838, facing 
p. 19 of the text. Since Cotman's time 
the memorial itself has disappeared— been: 
"abstracted " as the indignant BoutoU gay* 
it. -2. At Deerhurst, in Gloiicestei-shire,^ " 
name "Terri" is attache<l to the engr*^ 
of a dog on the tomb of Sir .John 
Chief Baron, and his wife, 14iiO. 3. 
Clifton Reynes, Buckinghamshire, i* 
finely sculptured tomb of Sir John Rej 

8w it is supposetl, who died in 1428, and 

wife. At the feet of the knight is "a well^ 
sculptured dog with a collar Ijearing 
name 'Bo' [Beau], in letters sculpture 
high relief," rijf Mr. W. Hastings 
contributions to Arclueologxcal Jcrur 
vol. xi. p. 154, 18.'>4. 

Apart from these more ancient ' 
and besides "Raynall"(Reynolii 
Prince Rupert laiuentd'i, I'/c/c p. i^.i 
worthy had hiul, in his fighting days, aiu 
dog. whose name, "Boy," has come dov 
us in various tracts of the '•parliameal 

Tristrem.' Thomas the 



H.R.U. had, it appeal 

ti,.. ,1. 

i(^8.iLAtro.20.i804.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


ma described in "An exact degoription 
f Prince Kupert ; Tho monkey, a sreat 
elinquent ; Having approved herself a 
etter servant llian hia white Dog called 
Boy." (Brit. Mus. Library, E. 00, iu.) The 
•dog ia very vigorously abused in siinilar 
texts, all belonging to the ko - called 
•' Thomaaon Tracts," e.ri., ' The Bloody Prince,' 
'Rnperta Suinpter,' 'A Dogs Elegy,' 'The 
Parliaments Vnspotted Bitch,' &c. Some of 
these tracts comprise portraits of " Boy " of 
the most unflattering deucription, and 'A 
Dogs Elegy ' delineates that animal's death 
fey means of a Commonwealth soldier with 
his gun in a rest at Marston Moor, " where 
his beloved Dog, named Boy was killed by a 
Valiant Souldier, who had Hkill in Necro- 
mancy." A sort of biography of "Boy" 
enriches this tract witli his master's alleged 
lamentations auent his favourite's decease, 
and tells us — 

, Jiow sad that Son of I!'- •■• 

wOne tell th>! tiealli of 

iHeo riived. he tore In 
&Kaii>ktthv Ituuu<l-lj< 
?li>se coucli'd as in a ,' 

[<'uning and buiiiin 
I'housaodsof ' 

look xn he»r 
I Cainliir, 
:. itnl .Swore, 

r« tight more, 



-h. <l«y ; 

raTnuiu mo into Hell, lia. 



K not appearing in the previous lists, there 
Day be added the iiatne of Madame do 
!J<"viKne'a "doggoss," Marphise (' Lettres,' 
II Mars, 1671), evidenth' reminiscent of the 
f ariiliina of ' Orlando Furioso.' Sliould not 
riieron be the name of Itoderick's dog, Orelio 
eing tliat of his horse 7 J. Dormer. 

Allow me to refer your correspondents 
iterested in this subject to an interesting 
irticle entitled, 'The Dogs of Folk -Lore, 
listory, and liomance,' in ' Sketches and 
studies,' by my late friend E. J. King, B.A., 
of Exeter College, Oxford ; Ixmdon, .lohn 
Murray, Alljemarle Street, 1874. Tliis was 
reprintod from the (Jmi(e>li/ Iifi'icw,JM\MtLry, 
IWJI, and is spread over tifty-one pages. 

John Pickkobk, M.A. 

Tonton was the name of Madame du 
)effand's dog. So says Sainte Beuve in the 
'Causeries du Lundi.' E. Yardlev. 

SwAS Names (IC* S. ii. li»).— Tlie male is 

ho cob swan; the female tlie |>eii swan. 

The male has a larger lunip iMtwceu the 

eyes tlian has the female, and this lump is 

illc«l tho cob. D. 

K. W.'s question is compactly answered by 
jjie IUjv. Charles Swain»«)n at p. 1.^1 of 
F Provincial Names of British Birds' (liD.S., 

" Various names are given to the male and female 
of the doniesticftled «wao. Yarrell says that the 
former is called Cjob. tho latter Pen. On the 
Thames the cock hirda are called Tom, or Cock : 
the hens, Jenny, or Hen. In the Ar^lnrulu-jia 
<xvi. 16) it is stated that the old Lincolnshire 
names were .Sire and Dam, reajwctively." 

St. SwiTHlN. 
J08EPHl'3 StRUTBIUS (10* S. U. 106).— A 

short account of this eminent Polish 
physician is given in Freher's 'Thcatrum' 
(1688), p. 1261. According to his biographer 
he was equally skilful in theory ana in 
practice, surpassed by none of his con- 
temporaries and equalled by few. Uis 
principal work, ' Sphygraicorura Liber,' was 
published when he was Professor of Medicine 
at Pavia, and was so eagerly sought after 
that 6<X) copies were distributed in a single 

The Bodleian (folio catalogue, I(i4.')) has 
two editions : — 

Kphygniicn> artis [seu de pulsnum dootrina] libri 
(|uin<|ue, Svu, Itasil, I.Vs'. 

Ed. auctior, 8vo, Basil, ICOl. 

Freher ascribes to him two other works, 
' Do l'hlclx)tomi(l,' arnl * De Sale.' 

He returned to Poland, an<l died at Posen, 
aged sixty-eight, in 1!)C8. His epitAph in 
the great church there was as follows : — 

"JosephuB Strulhius Posnaii. I'hilos. el Med. 
Doctor, Lihroruni (irieeoruni I^atiniis Interfire*. 

Pablicus Olitn S'--.- '■ v;-...-... » .: '..-.j, 

Medicif Ptttavii .'■ 

Tot .Sa'cula Ah" ;a 

ISereniss. rriuciiiu .Si^iamuudi Au(;uaIi Kcgis 
PoloniiK Metlicus. Obiit," 4c. 

Cent. Deedes. 


Josephus Struthius, in Polish Strut {i.e. 
" ostrich," the same name as Gorman 
Strauss), was a Professor of Me<iicine at 
Padua, and one of the numerous sixteenth- 
century translators of CJaleu from Greek 
into I.,atin. The British .Musi3um cAt&lugues 
works of his under dates lj37, 1&41, I56t>. 
1662. I have not si-en his * Doctrine of 
Pulses ' but .suspect it was merely a version 
of Galen's * De PnUibus,' probably with a 
commentary. Jas. Platt, Jun. 

Old Biblb (10* S. SL 108).-I have a Bible 
similar to that described by St. Sw'itiiis, 
pritited by the Deputies of Christopher 
Marker, the Old Testament (commonly called 
tlie "Breeches" Bible) in 15S». the New 
Testament in liOiJ — which contains the 
IMtMsage as quoted, Acts xxi. 1.^ (see also 
v. .1.'i, a variant from the A.V.) ; hut the 
derivation and meaning of all three words 
are well known. .My volume contains, be«id«». 

NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo* 8. n. aco. a. woe 

ITHIN mentions, the Prayer Book, 
ied Psalma with music, '* Forme of 
' Qodly houses," and other prayers, 
Caroline Stkogall. 

reeches " Bible, although dated 1607, 
jorrespond in almosit every respect 

mentioned by St. Swithin. It is 
etter, with Roman marginal noteii, 
"wee trussed up our fardels" in 
15. The Concoraance is by R. F. H. 
in's Old Bible must be a " Breeches." 

is evidently a printer's error. It 
>bably be the original edition. 

J. Foster Palmso. 
Avenue, S.\V. 

ble mentioned by St. Switbin is 
of that edition which is thus des- 
Mr. Dore ('Old Bibles,' p. 234):— 
:o Genevan Bible was issued in I'i91, on 
sstament title-page of which two tiKurea 
were transposed. Frequently the Hnit 
the true date is lost, and the book is 
ts an English black - letter Bible of the 

1495 stands for 1594. 

S. Q. Hamilton. 

w&sessed a "Breeches" Bible with 
le same misprint in the date on the 
to the New Testament as that 
I by St. SwiTniN. It contained a 
f interesting scribblings on margins 
ives, including entries of tlie family 
ham, of Blyton, in the eighteenth 

John Hobsox MATTllE^vs. 

AND DiARMIT) (10"' S. ii. 87).— I 
E. MiTToN will find all the informa- 
ired in the ' 13eauties of Scotland,' 
re at vol. v. p. 2G2 it is said that 

of the manse or clergyman's house of 
toss-shire) stands Donan Diarnnd, or 
irmed. It is of a circular form, twenty 
and of the same breadth. There is no 

OM the same plain which commands so 
sjiect. There is a wall on the outside. 
It harbour for slii^iping in all Txich Duich. 
tomb is on the ><orth Kast of the fort, 
stones of which it is composed are regu- 
1 by the hand of art, and measure fifteen 
irce. His 8Up)>osed descendants, the 

who resort to the place, often visit and 
e tomb of the Fiugalian hero." 

Chas. F. F0R.SHAW, LL.D. 
c House, Bradford. 

u ON Ann Davies (10"' S. ii. 100).— 
ht or nine years ago I copied an 
n precisely the same words from a 
e which stood against the flight of 
ding to the main entrance to the 
{ St. James, Clerkeawdl, erected to 

the memory of Mrs. Ann HenwdU who diec) 
10 November, 1801, aged fort^-aeven yean. 
I have heard of its occurrence in other pLMM 
also ; so it seems to have been a sort of 
common form. Alan Stewakt. 

7, New Square, Lincoln's Inn. 


517 ; lO^i' S. i. 52, 91, 190, 228, 278, 29^ 116^ 
371, 471; ii. 3(i, 77, 95.)— Mr. Jkrbak gi*tB 
Carlisle as the local, Carlisle as the g/eaul 
pronunciation. My experience is exactly ths 
contrary. I had never beard Carlisle nntfl I 
went to live in Cumberland, and thai the 
word was invariably accented on the seaond 
syllable. Since I left Cumberland I hsvfr 
always heard it accented on the first sylUble^ 
except in the case of decided north-couitiy- 
raen. The name of the neighbouring comtjf, 
Westmoreland, is sometimes, in London, 
accented on the second syllable. Is this ool^ 
a peculiarity of the cockney dialect, or is it 
the local pronunciation 'i I nave not lived ift 
Westmoreland ; but, as far as I remember, in 
Cumberland it was always pronoanoed West- 
moreland, and not Westm6reland. 

J. FosTEB Faijcol 

8, Royal Avenue, S.VV. 

As a Cumbrian, now fifty years of age^Iin 
surprised at Mr. C. S. Jebkam's asseftkn 
that "you generally hear Carlisle, enspt 
when Southern influence has been at ■mtiA^ 
I respectfully maintain that educated Nor- 
therners and Southerners alike pronounce ihfr 
name Carlisle, and that it is alone the Boider- 
nian, indulging in his Northern dialect* wbo- 
pronounces it Carlisle. 

If, as appears, Mr. Jerram further angnsts 
that to lay stress on the first syllable of puce- 
names is a peculiar "tendency of thedirtrict,*' 
I again respectfully demur, and submit that 
the accent in most place-names in Kngl"'* 
is on the first syllable. MlBlUlOft 

William Hartlbt (10* S. i. 87, 167, Wt 
253, 316). — I have just come across Ik* 
subjoined paragraph from the Qewrf— iV 
Matjazine for 1808, p. 178, which skow 
conclusively that the William HaidVi*' 
Hartley, Greens & (]>a^- the famomlM* 
potters, was not the William Hartlv**'^ 
was High Sheriff of York in 1810. 

Obituary, Feb. 1808. — "In his STIh <■*• * 
HuDslet, CO. \:ork, William Hartfaqr.r 
of thirty years a principal aotinc P 
extensive pottery near Lesds." 


Etok Lists (10 » & & 
recommend Mb. Kxanirt 

fw^ 8. IL Ann. 2f). IflM.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


_. le name and address of the owner of some 
of these MS. lists. Under the circumstances 
therein related, I would suggest a i^earch iu 
the library of Eton College. 

EvEK.xKU HoMK Coleman. 
71, Brecknoi.'k Roiul. 

SCANDINAVI.^N BlsHOPS (10"' S. ii. 67).— 1 

lope the enclaned excerpts from Eubel's 
THierarchia Catholica Medii ,Evi,' pp.289, 
"3-4, 479, will be of use to Fkancesca. 

John B. Wainewrkjht. 

[We h»ve forwarded the three Ii«t« of bishops 
kiudly sent by Mu. WAiSEWRUiHT in response to 
Francicsca's imiuiries. ] 

Saucv English Poet (lO'"' S. ii. 109).— S«e 
S"" S. viii. 199. J. T. B. 

fit is from Tickell's 'Imitation of the Prophecy 
of NereuB ' of Hornoe, and was written about 171(J 
in ridicule of the .Scottish rising in the previous 
year. But consult reference.] 

"Peekbo" (lO'h S. ii. 85).— In 'My Sweet- 
heart,' an American musical piece, given in 
London some twenty years since, one of the 
hero's most popular airs was that in which, 
playing with a child meanwhile, he sang the 
refrain :— 

I'eek-a-boo .' Peek-a-boo ! 

E, I see von hiding I here : 

■ Peek-a-ooo 1 Peeka-boo ! 

f Hiding behind the chair. 

But in my Ijoyisli days in Cornwall we used 
to play at what we called "peep-bo." 

' I imagine that all the world over, wherever 
there are children, this simple amusement is 
practised. Hereabouts 1 have occasionally 
heard the expression " peek-a-bo," but it is 
more commonly pronounced "peep-bo" or 
"pee-bo." Motner.4 and nurses may be seen 
playing "peep-bo" with their little ones 
every day. John T. Pahe. 

W est Haddon, Northamptonshire. 

I think I have never heard "peek-bo, " but 
always "peep-l>o," which is, of course, a mere 
variant. St. Swithin. 

"Poepboh" was a recognized nursery 
^ame with us. A napkin was held before one's 
K6, and an incitement created by crying 
'peep." The instant that attention arose, 
be napkin was withdrawn, and a fierce cry 
f " lioh ! " brought both parties, nurxe and 
kby, face to face. A. 11 all. 

'Gbt a wiokle on" (K)"' S. il. 28).— I<lo 

^t<>' '11 that I am alone in 

tnisms as of a more 

wwSiii iMigiu ciuiii I- otten imputtni to them, 

Del I auopect that even this dreadful phrase 

has some foundation in ".American as she was 
spoke" when the language was fresh from 
tne Mother country. However, the phrase 
appears to mean "over-reach," which is cer- 
tainly often a meaning unilerstood in the 
verb to "hustle," and 1 thought it ptossible 
that it might have some relation to a certain 
word of sporting use, namely, "wigging," 
which, according to Barrere and Leland, is 
the act of posting a scout on the route of 
flight in a pigeon race with a hen pigeon to 
attract the opponent's bird and retard hi» 
progress. Probably, says the dictionary 
alluded to, a form of "to wool," "to discom- 
fort ":- 

" ' If I wiRs I loses,' replied Tinker, evidently- 
much hurt at the insinuaiiou. Instructed by Mr. 
iSticklo, I learnt what wigKioK was, and no longer 
tnarvelied at Mr. Tinker's indiunation. It is a 
fraudulent and lamentably common )iractice 
amongst the vulgar ' fancy.'"— (ireenwood, ' Under- 
currents of London Life.' 


"Come, live with .me" (IO"' S. ii. 89).— If 
any faith may be placed in what is called a 
irrbati/a it literatim reprint, then the line 
in question ran thus in the version of the 
song given in ' England's Helicon ' (1560) : — 

Fayre lined slippers for the cold. 
This reading leaves no passibility of doubt 
regarding the poet's meaning, and it definitely 
excludes "fur" from the faintest claims to a 

Cosition. "Fayre" was a favourite Eliza- 
ethan term, and it seems absolutely certain 
that it was Marlowe's choice here. It is 
surely a perilous form of logic tliat seeks to 
link a poet's imagery with the prosaic details 
of his father's business or trade. It is quite 
possible tiiat the inspired son of a shoemaker 
would be entirely at a loss to say whether 
slippers were lined with fur or featliers. 

Thomas Bayne. 

Sotheby's catalogue for 19 June, 1D03, con- 
tained particulars of an Elizabethan common- 
place book (lot .'525), consisting of manuscript 
matter, which, it was stated, included a 
totally unknown reading of this song. How- 
ever, the line in question ran : — 

Faire lined slippers for the coulde. 

StaJ'LETOS Maktin. 
The Firs, Norton, Worcester. 

"Beversiox " OF Trees (10"' S. ii. 88).— Is 
it not somewhat surprising to expect a neo- 
logism applicable to fruit trees whose seeds 
seem atavistic ? Cultivators, when paying 
any attention to the pips and stones of 
oranges and plums, aim at aborting such 
accesiiories, as merely obnoxious to the 
frugivore. Hence the joy over the arrival 


NOTES AND QUERIES, [lo'" s. u. aw. 20. i«t 

•of the seeflles'i orange and the regretted 
absence of the eaia.scalat« phim. The 
general tendency of cultivation oeiiiK, there- 
tore, towards preserving the wild type of 
«eed, atavism has bat scant opportunity of 
becoming evident. J. Dormer. 

The following would, I think, be likely 
sources of information : 'Tiie Wanderings of 
Plants and Animals from their First Home,' 
by Victor Hehn, ed. by James Steven Stally- 
brass, 1888; 'The Origin of Cultivated 
Plants,' by Alphonse de Candollo ; ' Familiar 
Ti-ees,' by J. S. Boulger, F.L.S., F.G.S. : and 
*Tiie Management and Culture of Fruit 
Treea,' by William Forsyth. 

J. HoLDEV MacMichael. 

CouTANCES, Winchester, AND THE Channel 
Islands (lO"" S. ii. C8).— 

"The bull separating tlio Channel litlandi from 
their former see of C/out&iices, wliicli wan now no 
longer Kn)(liiih territory, antl attaching them to the 

see of Sahsbury This was afterwards altered to 

Winchester, savs Canon Uenhairi ; but from some 
cause, wliieh iioes not appear, the tran&for was 
never made nutil l.'iGS." ic.—' Winchester,' Bell's 
"Cathedral Series," p. 90. 

Georue C. Peachey. 

Hone: a Portrait (10'* S. ii. 68).— The 
only approach to a catalogue of this artist's 
work oetween the years 1748 and 1775 arose 
through a quarrel with the Iloyal Academy, 
for wiiich see 7"' S. vi. 87, a.W. 

Evkrard Home Coleman. 

71, Brecknock Rood. 

Closets in Edinburgh Bihldincs (10"' S. 
ii. 89). — Among books whicli describe the 
-construction of houses in Edinburgh in the 
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries may be 
mentioned Dunlop's ' IJook of Old Edinburgh,' 
illustrated by Hole, 188(i. Its description of 
"Robert Gourlay's House," built in 15(59, is 
too long for exact quotation in ' N. «t Q.,' 
but the following extracts may be of 
interest :— 

" One of the most massive Flights of stairs led 

from the same point to ditferoiit parts of the inan- 
aton, and it was easily convertible into several 

distinct residences On its demolition a secret 

chandler was discovered )>etween the ceilinn of the 

first story and tlie floor of the second lionrlay 

seems to have pui his house at the service of the 

i^iovernnicut and durinj; his lifetime it had the 

bad pre-eminence of being a condemned cell for 

ijtate prisoners of gentle blood. The turret 

contained a curious spiral stair, which led to the 

room thus used and a small closet adjoining was 

the sleeping-place of the lorliiKin in attendance. 
Amongst others, .Sir William KiiUi-aldy, of Orange, 
hia brother .Sir James, and the Regent Morton, all 

iiaased over its threshold to die Here also was 
odged Sir William Dniry, after whom Drury Lane 
in lioiidou was named, the commander of the 





Knglish auxiliariea in the siege of Edinbiimb CwtJe 

in I't'S Tradition names the apir !i» 

turret stair as the scene of " Tht J 

.•Vr?yll,' son of the Maripiess who " 

under Charles 11., aJ>d himself dooi 

James VII Sixty vears after, in 

Charles wrote from I'ertli: "Theiv la 

whom I could wish to have my friti i» 

the Duke of Ar v" ' I ■ - ! ■- 

on account of );. 

am told 1 can li i 

of it. Thehard usuageulii'-li InsiAiu: 

from ours has sank deep into hix 

have those Princes lo answer for — 

cruelties, have i-aised enemies, not ouly to viwn- 
selves, but to their innocent children ! ' " 

w. s. 

The following extra<^t from 'TriKliti ,!n of 
Edinburgh,' by Holjert Chin >"» 

edition, 1860), will prove illu It 

may be added that no better authoritjf cu 
be cited ;— 

" Oi-a/oi ifJi. This house [one in Cheasel's ( "uiirt 
in the Canongale] preseut? « feature whi"h forniis 
curious niemoiial of the 11 - ' lu 

common with all the liou- "U> 

1740— a substantial class, i' t. _ High 

Street — there is at the end of cacii row of windosrs 
corresponding to a sepniatp mM\«ir>n. a narrow slit- 
like window, such a- ' ' In 

reality each of the.M cht 

to a small cell— niui I, h« 

window— usually entering from th»« dinitigroooi, or 
some other principal apartment. The use of th»« 
cells was to serve as a retreat for the master of the 
house, wherein he miglit perform his devotions. 
The father of a family was in those days a tami 
kind of person, not to be aiiproached by wife or 
children too familiarly, and expeott-d to be a pri«t 
in his own household. Besides his f;,- '- ' it' 
lie retired to a closet for perhaps ai li 

to utter his own prayers, and so r^ i*.^ 

custom that it gave rise, as we see, to tUu pecalll' 
rity in house-building."— P. 40. 

John Pickforo, M.A. 

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. 

Mr. Sydney Perks will find several it*nu 
bearing on his query in vol. i of 'Tb» 
Beauties of Scotland,' and 'Tl 
Edinburgh,' by Alexander K 
works which I have rejwatedlj 
intense pleasure. It is true tK 
mention is made of the small .^..„... 
Perks alludes to, but I am of o^iiriioo to«»«» 
is correct in his surmi-' ' ,iu I b«** 

arrived at from per«)r ' . n 

Baltimore House, Bradford. 

Very likely tlii'* was the 
where wigs were powdered. 

'Gob Save tui: Kin.:' ' 
ii. SS). -.May I 
K. P. D. E. to » II 


.J....C:-' M'^- 

pomkr do«*. 


io^s.u.Aco.3o.i«M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



7"" S. iv. 147, and to a reply of Hermes- 
trude's, p. 2.'>3 of the same volume I I am 
under tht? impre.s.sioii that there was some 
remark on it in an earlier series ; but I ana 
anable just now to put my finger on the «pot. 

St. SwiTHiN. 
Shelley Family (10"' S. xii. 426).— Mr. 
Waine\vkii;ht may be glad to know that the 
Thomas Shelley whom ne mentions as a son 
of Sir William Shelley (' D.N.I5.,' Hi. 41 ) ia also 
mentioned in the Shelley pedigree print«d in 
")allaway and Cartwriglii's ' Sussex,' II. ii. 
He is there described as of " Maple 
)urham," and as the husband of '* Mary, dau. 
ii Sir R. Copley, of Gatton." See also 
srry's 'Sussex Genealogies,' 63, 29G. No 
8Rue is assigned to him by Dailaway and 
^artwright; but according to Lord Burgh- 
ley's notes ('St. P. Dom. Eliz ,' clxxxv.4e) he 
■Was fatiior of Henry Shelley, who died in 
1585, leaving an infant son Thomas, and he 
probably had other issue, for Antliony 
•Slielley and John Shelley, who were elected 
Winchester scholars, tlie one in 150.'{ and the 
other in 15C(>, came, according to tlie college 
register, from ^lapledurham in the diocese 
of Winchester. I suppose that Maple- 
<Ierham, which lies about two miles soutii- 
west of Petersfield, Hants, is the place 
i-eferre<I to. This place was "the paternal 
seat and for some time the residence of" 
Edward Gibbon, the historian (Mudie's 
* Hampshire,' iL 77). Tliat there were 
;8helleys living there in Elizalx^tlian times 
is proved by tlie confession of Edward Jonea, 
who, with his master's son Chidiock Tich- 
borne and other persons, headed by Anthony 
Babington, was convicted of treason in 
September, l.'iRO (' Fourth Itep. of Dep. Keeper 
of Public Ikecords,' App. ii. 27G ; ' D.N'.B.,' ii. 
308; Ivi. .374). It appears from this confes- 
sion ('St. P. Dom. Eliz.,' cxc 50) that Jones 
at one time went with a Mrs. Shelley " unto 
her house name<l Maplederham noaro unto 
Petersfield," where ma-ss was said daily by 
one Wrenche (who diwl cirra 1.^84) and was 
attended by various priests and other jjersons 
■~amed in the confession. It also appears 
at Mrs. .Shellev's husband had been a 
risoner in the White Lion prison in South- 
'ark, and that lie was a brother of John 
lielley, servant to Anthony Browne, first 
'iscount Montague (' U.N.B.,' vii, 40). John 
helley and his wife u.sed to attend tlio mass. 
The prisoners "pro causis ecclesiasticis" at 
be W'hito Lion in March and April, ir)K4, 
icluded a, Henry Shelley ('St. P. Dom. 
iw..'cKix. mi ; .Ixx. mi. He was probably 

! in Lord Burgh- 
- in l.liS."!, and the 

husband of the Mrs. Shelley who took Jones 
with her to Maplederham. 

One sometimes meets with references to 
Shelloys of Maple Durham, Oxon. For in- 
sUnce, in Berry's ' Hants Genealogies,' p. 31, 
and G.E. C.'s 'Baronetage,' i. ]«1, Sir Ben- 
jamin Tichborne, the first baronet (who seems 
to be identical with Benjamin Tichborne,_a 
Winchester scholar elected in 1552), is said 
to have married, as his first wife, a daughter 
of — Shelley, of Maple Durham, Oxon. 
Were there really Shelleys there as well as 
at Maplederham, Hants ? H. C 

In9< mmoNs at Orotava, Teneuife (10"' 
S. i. 3G1, 455).— The undermentioned inscrip- 
tion was accidentally omitted from my list: — 

4Sa. L"ol. J. H. E. Owen, Royal Marine 
Artillery, o6. suddenly at Tenerife, 30 Dec, 
1897, a. 56. G. S. Paury, Lieut.-Col. 

Las Palmas Issceiptions (10"" S. i. 483).— 
I should like to make the following correc- 
tions in my list of inscriptions in the English 
Cemeterj' :— 

3. Hos. Turnbull should be T. Hos. Turn- 

13. C. Herringhara was born 13 (not 12) 

18. Arrowe House, with the e. 

40. '• Nee " appears in my notes as a Chris- 
tian name, though it may be a sculptor's 
error for nt'e. 

66. Madera is correct without the i- It is 
Spanish, not Portuguese. 

88. " A. 20" should be in.serted. 

G. S. Parry, Lieut.-Col. 

Mr. Javes of Aberdeenshire (9"" S. xi. 
148; 10"" S. ii. 54).— The appended extract 
is from a MS. in this library, ' Collections 
regarding Marischal College,' by William 
Knight, Professor of Natural Philosophy, 

" In a letter to him [William .^l^anl] Blackwell 
mention! slcetchea of altcralioD'i drawn by ' a yoang 
man John Jeans, who seems lo liave no ill turn for 
sncli maltcn).' Jeans, aocordini; to this leltt-r, was 
the inventor of the screw stair. He afterwards 
Imilt the beautiful little bridge over the Uenbum 
in the line of the Windmillbrae. But there was 
then no enniloymenl for such a )>er»on as he in 
Alierdecn. BoinK of an inKi'nioim and active turn, 
he became an enthusiast for niineraloRy, and 
travelled over the greater part of the Mainland 
and the Highlands, collecting till he became 
eminent aa a dealer, rei)airing annually to l»ndon, 
ami being tlm lirat liuder of numerous 8cotti«h 
Kulistancua. He live<l to old age, dying about iNtM, 
agwl about eighty. He ia mentioned by Johnson 
('Tour to the Hebrides'), who met him in Skye. 
From Ilia (lortrait he aeenii to have been a spare 
man of genteel and keen asfiect. A son succeeded 
liim in the business of collecting and V'i'-v'Vxva'fc, 

NOTES AND QUERIES, iw s. ii. acq. 20. iwt 

■and contemptible character, who was 

liti a tlsirk oight by fallintt into tlie basin 

iJ<ew Pier, 1S09> after having been in 

itli a Jew dealer from Luodon, with 

lid some [oinersl traDsacttnns." 

fty Library, Aberdeen, 

ilLtZABCTii Geemaiji (10"" _S. ii. 88).— 
Itiay tliat a portrait of this lady, the 
'?tty Germain of Horace Walpole, 

ill 1770, could be found at Drayton, 
IrapNtnn, co. Nurtlianta, tlie seat of 
liford -SackviUe ; and sup)K>aing an 
Ig itf her to be in existence, it would 
|ely be in the Hope (Jollection at 

She was the daughter of CiiaHes, 
|keiey, and wife of Bir Jolin Oormain. 

a small brass plate to her inejuory 
Jision Churcli. 

Iiiit to her will, Lord Oeor^e Sack- 
jmed the name of Germain, and was 
In 1783 Barou Rfiie broke and Viscount 
He was distiiiguiiihed as a iioldier 
tesraan, and was supposed by some 
Iheen the author of '. Junius.' There 
jrait of him by Romney at Drayton. 
Jo [IN Pr'kford, M.A. 
lumc Rectory, Woodbridge, 

Irtrait of "Lady Betty Germaine" 
li the L'niversity Galleries, Oxford, 

S. B. 

[s COMMON TO BOTH SkXES (10"" S, ii. 

the extract noted by Mit. Dixon, the 
|s in error in supposing that tho name 

in a female Christian name, or, for 
liter of that, a masculine Christian 
Iviher. It is an instance of the usie 
Jnaine as a Christian name, and until 
leteenth century its possession almost 
|bly indicated descent from tho wel!- 
family of Evelyn, to whicli John 
the diarist ana author of ' Sylva,' 

le is a very similar name, Eveline, or, 
Earlier form, Aveline, which came in 
jlie Normanti. Tiie sistar of Gunnar, 
I'ftt-graiidmcither of William the Con- 
biire it. The wife of the last Earl 
[caster was Avelina, and was mother 
lliiia or Eveline, the wife of I'rinoe 

id Hantagcnet (Crouch hack). It was 

in very frequent use, however, until 
purney'a novel 'Evelina' caused it to 
(ved &s an ornamental name, as Char- 

longe points out in her ' History of 

liiin Names.' Then, partly by uncon- 

coiifusiou of the two, and partly 

■e the name Evelyn was prettier in 

Ind in aristocratic use, from the reason 

given above, the older form beg&n to giw 
place to the surname form. Men or women 
of Evelyn descent may bear that form appro- 
priately, but the one and only Chnstiin 
name, tlie old feniitiine name of song and 
romance, is Eveline- There is no niaDcnliiio 
equivalent. Eveleen is an Irish form unmi- 
lated to the ancient Celtic Aevin or Evin. 

The first persona to bear the aDrwuM 
Evelyn as a Christian name were Evdjn, 
Duke of Kingston, who died in 17S6,aDd«i 
ancestor of my own, Sir Evelyn Alston, 
Bart., of Chelsea, who died in 1750. The 
mother of the former was EiiKabeth, danf(ht«r 
and coheir of Sir John Evelyn, Kt., M.Piof 
West Dean, and the mother of the latter *u 
Penelope, daughter and coheir of Sir Edvttd 
Evelyn, Bart., of Long Dittou. 

LlONXI. CrksswiUi. 

TiiK Evil Eye C10"> S. i. 508X— This bdiel 
is indeed still piovalent in many coantie*. 
one might almost say in all the cotintiea,ol 
Englan<l, and bodes well to bec<»ne extinct 
about the same time tliat the workman iball 
relinquish iiis pagan habit of spitting on hu 
luck money, or of pouring a modicatn of his 
favourite beverage on the floor as a propitia- 
tory libation tu secure protection irom the 
evil eye ; when the waggoner ceiue« to adorn 
the breast of his hoi-se with a dangling row 
of p/talant ; and wlien, in fact, a hondred 
and one such remnants of a priiiiitiv» 
dualism have been forgotten by a. po^lacenot 
too anxious to sacrifice an ingrained ctedaUty 
to the sentiment expressed by Virgil con- 
cerning the happiness of him who can trace 
things to a natural cause, and can trample 
his fears and an inexorable fate under foot 
(' GeorgicM,' ii. 420). 

Keruble, in his 'Saxons in England' {vvi. u 
p. 431), refers to what may perhaxis beeoo- 
sidered the earliest allusion in EngUsb Utem- 
ture to the evil eye. It occurs in the poeffl 
of ' Beowulf ' (1. 3520), where Hr<i?Vgir, warn- 
ing Beowulf of tho frail tenure of liunnw 
life, adds"eagena bearhtm" (th« j{I«.o«_i*F 
the eyes) to the many daugerx Uio "•'^ 
has to fear. A deeply rooted belief in "'^ 
power of the witch, and conseiiunriUy ^Iwof 
the evil eye, still lingers ia ihe leowt^ 
districts of Cornwall (see Uobt- 110"}'* 
'Romances of the West of KnsUail*' l^'* 
p, ,^U et nei}.). Camillu.a, ia hw «pc««l> U> 
Doriclea in the Lancauhire diali^t (lV«i*fc- 
waite's 'Two Lancashire Loven*.' Itm', |> W). 
tells her, in oixler to gain hi«r ■{&«:*«•'» 
"We ban store of goodly cnttell : i«iv iuodM(« 

though ahee b«e a vixon, «li 1'<dI» 

blithly on you for tuy^ cao*'.' .-'>• *i»«> 
■Traditions of LancaalktR.' bjr Joba iUkl, 


lO'" 8. II. Aua. '20,1901.1 NOTES AND QUERIES. 


1802; 'Tlie Lancashire Witclies' p, 280, ic 
A farmer's servant in the iieiglibourhood of 
Ishertield, u|K)n V)eing well stared at by his 
tnastcr, who kept one eye shut, fainted, 
When he came to lii» senses, lie was asked I 
■why he had fainted. He replied that his 
Master l>ad "got the evil eye" (S. O. Addy, 
'Sheffield Gloss.,' p. 308). 

Numerous instances given in 'County Folk- I 
Lore,' collected in Yorlcsliire by Mrs. Gutch, 
show that it is still very prevalent in that 
county (1901, vol. ii. pp. l(i2-8). The Yorkshire 
'dalesman dreads the evil eye. In one case the 
daughter of the house pined away to a 
skeleton. The wise woman declared that she 
■was overlooked, and that the father must 
take his loaded gun at midnight to a lonely 
spot, and slioot that which would appear, 
when the pjirl would recover. He went, and 
to his horror saw plainly the apparition of 
ills own mother, who was sound asleep in 
bed. He took aim, but his heart failed him. 
Within the week his child died, and for the 
rest of his life the father ijelieved the sacrifice 
of his mother would have saved her. This 
story was narratwl in 189fi. Miss Jackson, in 
her 'Sliropshire Folk-Lore,' 1883, says that 
about a generation ago a farmer at Childs 
Ercall, in North-East .Saloj), was noted fur 
having the evil eye. He could, it was believed, 
make people who displeased him go in a 
■direction exactly contrary to that they them- 
selves wished or intended (p. 1,^4 ; see also 
p. 270). The folk-lore collections of the Lady 
Eveline Gurdon (' County Folk-Lore,' 1893, 
p. 202) show that the superstition prevails in 
■Suffolk; and of Mr. C. J. Billscm for 
Leicester and Rutland, 1895, and of Mr. E. 
Sidney Hartland for Gloucestershire, ISO.'), 
p. 53, testify to its existence in those counties 
■also. Accounts of Manx frilklore teem with 
instances. (See the An/ii/iKir;/, Oct. \H<X>, 

£p. 294-.').) It Hpfiears in Sunderland (' Folk- 
lore of the Northern Counties,' by William 
Henderson, 1879, pp. 188 and 194); and 
Jirand, in his ' Antiquities,' narrates how he 
went once to visit the remains of lirinkburne 
Abl»cy, in Northumberland, and found a 
reputed witch in a lonely cottage by the side 
of a wood, where the parish had placed her 
to save exiwnses and keep her out of the way. 
•On inquiry it was found that everyb<x]y was 
afraid of tier cat, and that she herself was 
thought to have an evil eye, and that it was 
accounted dangerous to meet her on a morn- 
ing '° black faKting." I think many instances 
(English) will Iw found also in Mr. F. T. 
Elworthy'ii valuable work entitleii 'The 
Kvil Eye,' ISO."!. Two years before this 
appeared I had myself prepared a puftcr oo 

the same subject, which was ad vertised to be 
read at a meeting of the British Archseo- 
logical Association ; but an interesting paper 
and hot subsequent discussion on "Stone- 
henge ' absorbed the time that might other- 
wise have been given to it. My paper did 
not, however, concern the English phase of 
the popular belief, but its universality in 
regard to the solar myth. 

The neuric influence which is believed by 
many learned authorities to emanate from 
the eyes and from the body has, of course, an 
important bearing upon the subject ; but 
that is another matter. 

101, Ilaniersniith Road. 

FiEST Ocean Newspaper (10"" S. i. 404 ; 
ii. 96). — I have a copy of the Bull Doier, 
publishc<l on board the steamship Bolivia (of 
the .\nchor line between Glasgow and New 
York) at sea, 22 September, 1883. It 
consists of four pages of foolscap, eight 
columns MS. 11. Barclay-Allakdicb. 


"Was you?" and "you was" (10'" S. i. 
509 ; ii. 72).— The following extract from 'A 
Short Introduction to English Granimar: 
with Critical Notes,' published anonymously 
in 1762, but composed, as we learn from Dr. 
S. Peggo's ' Anonymiana,' by Dr. Robert 
Lowth, shows how this locution has arisen 
and how indefensible it is. The judgment is 
given in a note on pp. 48-9, and runs thus : — 
" Thun, in the l^oHte, and eveu in the Familiar 
.Style, is diaiued, and tlie Plural you is eniiiloved 
in(it«ad of it : we gay you hair, not Ihoii haM. 1 ho' 
in this case we apply ;/»u to a single Person, yet the 
verb too mnat agree with it in the Plural N'uml)er : 
I it inuat necessarily bo you hare, not yon hasi. You 
' ira«, the Second Person Plural of I he Pronoun 
' placed in agreement with the Fimt or Third Person 
sinKular of the Verb, is an enormous Solecism -. and 
vet. Aulhors of the tirst rank have inadvertently 
{alien into it. ' Knowinu that yon irrui my old 
nianter's good friend.' Addison, Sptet., No. 517, 
'Would to <iod yoii ira» within her reaoh.' Lord 
BolinRhroko to Swift, Letter 4<J, ' If yoii ica4 here.' 
Uitlo, Letter 47. "I am ju«t now a« well, as when 
you irivi here.' Pope to Swift, P.S. to Letter 5<i. 
On the contrary the Solemn Style ndmin not of yon 
for a Single Person. This Imlli led .Mr. Pope into a 
ureal impropriety in the bt-ginniniiof his 'Messiah': 
O Thou my voice inspire 
Who louch'd Isaiah's hallow'd lifM with fire I 
The Solemnity of the Style would not admit of i'ou 
for Thou in tlie Pronoun : nor the measure of the 
verK« loti'hnlKt, or diilnl tourh, in the verb ; a» it 
indispensably ought to \>e, in the one, or the other 
of tlie«« two forma : Toil who tourhrd ; or Thau 
who tourhfil^tt or diihl tourh. Again : — 
Juit of thy word, in every thought sincere. 
Who X'lKir no with but what the world might hear. 

Poi)e, ' t".\A">-*\^''- 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo". s. u. Aca. 20. im 

It ought to be your ia the first line, or Imeu-ttil iu 
the second." 

A Frencliinan would be amazed at our 
ignorauce if, instead of writiinf i'oks ititz, we 
wrote vuui edits, or, worse atill, vouji ^tait : 
and yet that is the prodigious blunder, the 
"enormous solecism," contained in the ex- 
pression " you was," which some people are 
trying to defend. Joh.v T. Cukry. 


nioM France" (10"' S. ii. 48).— I think this 
was the refrain of some versos which used to 
be sung i-ound ; but it ran tlius :— 

A leg of mutton came over from Franco 
To teach the Kngliah how to dance. 

Lines, I remember, were something like this : 

I killed a man when he was dead. 
And as he fell he burst his head. 

A leg, &c. 
In hix head there was a spring. 
In which a thousand fishes swim. 

A leg, &c. 
By the spring there grew a tree. 
On which a thousand apples be. 

A leg, &c. 
When the apples began to fall 
They killed a thousand men in all. 

A leg, &c. 

And so on, after the manner of capping 
verses, each adding what he chose. 

Thos. Aw dry. 

GipaiRs: "Chigdnn.ti" (10"" S. ii. 105V— 
Mk. Strickland writes of chigwinji (1) that 
it is a dialect word, " not given in Russian 
dictionaries." If he looks under cUn-, instead 
of clii-, he will find it in all the dictionaries. 
Chutfunni is the ordinary Russian adjective 
for " cast iron," e.g., diu'junmnja jjushka, a 
cast-iron cannon, and tliere are other <leriva- 
tivea from the same root, such as cAitJ/unlca, 
railway ; chwjunnik, boiler, ic. 

Ja8. Platt, Jun. 

Authors of Olotations Wanted (10"' S. ii. 
49).— 1. "Pitt had a great future behind 
him." If Mediculus has seen this recently, 
I am inclined to think it is an adaptation by 
a later writer of Heine's remark on Alfred de 
Musset, "un jeune homme d'un bien beau 
passe.'' I regret I cannot give chapter and 
verse for this, but it Is quoted by Mr. Swin- 
burne in 'Miscellanies' (C'hatto i Windus, 
188t)), p. 223. H. K. St. J. S. 

3. " Instinct is untaught ability to perform 
actions of all kinds," occurs in liain's ' Senses 
and Intellect,' ed. 1855, p. 25(). '"Instinct is 
inherited experience," is another terse defiui- 
ti'on. G. Syme8 Saunders, M.D. 

&atlx>aroe. \ 

Co/tott/pn FnoimSt nwl 'J'l/jx Tfanmr^jyt «^ asj 

Klixahft/ian " '/■'' %ti\Ht:rv"' " '" 

(JoKllr, Son /, ,tr. Ti 

edited, with , i Introdiiti) 

J. Uurguyue. l Li'Ugni aus it Co. ) 
TiiK famous Bacon .MS8.. coneeniing whir4i Ktlle i» | 
known and of wliich much hoji hetji ' •(■ »i 

length within reach of scholars, liii\ i r-^^. 

scribed and edited bv llie liijrarian <.i . ijttl, 

Public Libraries. The future owners of thcaewly 
published treasure, iur such it is, can ln« but frw. 
since the work is issued inn ' ' ' ' 

edition, and will soon become n' 
as before. In our great public I;' 
ever, he ojicn to the student, auil i ..»(, 

henceforward from those risks of ■ :: to 

which it haji all but suecmnbed, a imrii.iii oi ilie 
contents having been dcslrdy.-.l bv fire, and another 
portion having become iiliiiu«t illegible. In eayiiig 
this we are understating the A |>ortian of the 
M,SS.— the greater, and presumably the more intci- 
e«tin«— has been entirely lost. Could this be n-- 
covered, and should it come up to. we will not 
say reasonable expecUtion, but to sanguine anti- 
cipation, it might prove to be one of the grcstctt 
literary finds of modern days. Never, however 
was there a time in which there was morn 
virtue "in an 'if'" or more need of the em- 
ployment of the "great peace ma Iter" \V|,i|e 
everything about the new volume, in ., io 

it* possession, tempts so much to ■ <.« 

that we once more regret the nan i la, 

limits within which we arc jierfon-. «^ 

doubt whether a reticence is not e\ „}, 

is adopted by the editor, who, while u, 

with the doounient, suys little of r ;»:« 

and nothing of its aignilicaiice. Whu. _ ^a, 

as regards essentials, interesting enough. It coo- 
tains much appertaining to Bacon whi.'b jn the 
same form is not elsewhere to I' ,„|^. 

thin^ even of which in bis . „„ 

previous use has been made. '\,t 

MS. index, or \A^a of contents, whir-b fornVs the 
outer portion, the collection of MS.S. compriMni 
other Hems, among which were I' ' ■ KtaaiiM'- 
' Aaniund ond Cornelia,' a woi: 1 to be • 

tilay, but concerning which noi ,iciyt is 

;nown ; 'The Isle of Dogs,' an uupi m. 

accessible comedy of Thomas Xashe, C i 

and ijliakesiieare's ' Richard II.' and ' 
It ia in the two works last named i 
interest centres. Not one line oi 
scrijit is known, and no trace of its I; 
has been found. We dare not presm 

M.S. plays wore the originals or 

handwriting. Evidence points tlr 
were, however, according to thr 
competent, exactly contemiiorar ■ 
anee of these Jilnys, and their :: 
were rediscovered, coubi not but 
verted points, and probivblv give ■ 
What in the portion still exiy 
interest is the frci)ueiit collocn 
of Shakespeare and Bacon. I 
scribbled over anii over with w:. 
the like, written both sides ui, 
\,\\a\. c«kUUQ\. Vie ooaveyed to tf 



• I's 


io»8.iLAo«.i.>o.i9M.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


_i reproduclion of the MS. puge. On the left h&nd, 
(near the lop, in the name S'evill, anil bolow it the 
l-cantiiig motto of the fmiiily. " No vile velia," lead- 
ing to the auppoiiitioii that the documents belonged 
to Sir Henry Nevill, Bacon's nephew and junior by 
three years. Then there is " Honorificabiletudine," 
■which, a little further exjianded, attracts attention 
in ' Love's Labour '8 Lost.' A rimed Ijilin iiualrain, 
known to Anthony Bacon, in leonine verse, is in 
later editions of 'Les Bigarrures' of La Seigneur 
dea Accords, but not in the earlier :— 
Mnltis annis iam tranwictii, 
Nulla tides est in iiactis, 
Mell in ore. Verba lactis. 
Bell in corde. ffraus in factis. 
Bacon's name, siiell ordinarily Mr. Frauncis Bacon, 
occurs often. What is most intereatinE is that with 
the mention of ' Richard IL' and ' Kichard III.' 
,«re coupled the words, strangely combined, "By 
I' (Trauiicis William Shakespeare.'' Underneath 
omes oKain "see your William }Shakes)>eare. 
ghak Sh Sh Shakesji," with many similar contrao- 
ions. Now iin this we pass no comment. The 
_J.SS. and the calligraphy are supposed, for reasons 
Fwe need not advance, to beloi>e to about \'i9T, a 
' date the siguiticance of which will be recognized by 
those who study the book. Meantime the history 
of the documents is satisfactory. It seems a.s though 
they were once in possession of John An&tis the 
Mider, ltK90-1744, and John Anstia the younger, 
FITOS-.'U, consecutive or joint Garter Kings of Arms, 
whence theyiiassed into the j>osfie8siou of the Uuke 
of Northiiniberland. Bishop Percy, the fami>us 
editor of the I'ercy M.S., during his stay at North- 
umberland House, seems to have placed them in 
the box in which they reposed presumably after the 
fire at the ducal mansion, iii the course of which 
they seem to have been partially consumed. Mr. 
John Bruce, a well-known antii|uary and editor of 
State Papers, and a contributor to our columns, 
examined them in IS(i!) at the desire of the duke, 
and left a description of them, now reprinted in the 
introduction. In 1S70 Mr. Spcdding, the biographer 
and editor of Bacon, printed a few uagcs under the 
title of "A Conference of Pleasure.' This is all that we 
have space or need to tell. We congrotulate Messrs. 
Longman on their courage in printing in facsimile 
a unirpie treasure, Mr. Burgoyne on the manner 
in which his task has been accomplished, and all 
concerned in the tiroduclion. Most of all do we 
congratulate scholarship on the acquisition of a book 
that will greatly exercise all concerned iu Shakc- 
■pearian pursuits. Uur readers will need no com- 
ment from us to turn their attention to a work 
by future notes on which our columns are bound 
Ko benetit. 

[The Jiteoliitr Pcrage, Jiaroif Icuje, Kniyhlatjt, and 
Oi'dnit of Honour. Kxlracted, by |)ormission, 
from the Stuart Pajicrs now in (lossession of His 
Majesty the King at Windsor Castle, and ,Supple- 
meuteii by Biographical and (Genealogical Notes, 
by the Marquis of Ruvigny and liaineval. (Kdiu- 
burgh, r. C. A K. C. Jack.) 
f TilK Marquis of Ruvigny and Kaineval, the author 
of 'The Blood Koyal of Britain,' has once more 
added greatly to our knowledge by producing a 
I Jacobite p^srage which, like ita jiredecessor, is up 
1 to the highest stondard of modern research, We 
l-'weluome it quite as gladly u.i we did the previous 
lyolume. In some resjHscts it is even more valuable, 
at any special line of fact* regarding tlie royul 

descent of any one of the families which possess 
this distinction might have been worked out inde- 
pendently, though at a great ex{>enditure of time 
and money, which most of ua could ill alTord to- 
devote to such a purpose ; but no one, at whatever 
cost, would have been able to produce a work such' 
as this, with any pretension to completeness or 
accuracy, who had not hod the fulle«t freedom of 
access to Ihc Stuart Papers, which are His Majesty'» 
personal j)roperty and are most corufully guarded. 

A Royal Ooininission was apjiointwi upwards of 
seventy years ago to examine and report upon these- 
documepts, and among other things it recommended 
that a list of the honours conferred by the exiled 
monarchs should be published. This excellent) 
piece of advice, like so much else thot has froRV 
time to time been suggested by Imdies of a 
like nature, was unheeded. This must at the- 
time have been felt as a great hardship by 
ell students of eighteenth-century history, but 
we are far from sure that all was not for the 
best. Had a Jaoobite iwerage been issued in thote- 
days, even by royal authority, it would have 
caused irritation among some of the members of 
the old Revolution families who had not forgolteii' 
the scare of the '4,5 ; and, what is of more con- 
seiiuence, we may be sure it would have been 
fxecuted in a very imiiorfect manner when con- 
trasted with the excellent work l>efore us. Theu 
it is pretty certain that only the titles, names, and 
residences of the grantees would have been given, 
without the }>ndigrees showing who would be the 
inheritors at the present day hail u Stuart restora- 
tion been not a mere dream, but, as their votaries 
longed for, a fact of history. We need not say that 
most of them are now extinct. The mole lines have- 
failed ; but there are a few persons still alive who- 
are heirs to the succession were their claims valid. 
Some, at least, of the recipients of what have been- 
designated " these vain honours " must have fully 
believed in their legality. .John, the second Eart 
of Tenterden (of Jacobite creation), when oii'ered'a 
peerage by the first Hanoverian Knglish king, " i»- 
sisted on his right to the titles that had been con- 
ferred u])on his lather by King James [3 May, lOU"-'), 
with precedence according to that creation.'' 

These titles are almost forgotten now except by 
historians and a few old families who still cherisli 
the memory of the sutrerings of their ancestors for 
the lost cause. We wonder whether any of the 
original i>atent8 exist in this country. U there are 
any they would be most interesting historical 
records, but such "treasonable" documents would 
have been dangerous things to keep. We fear alll 
have perished along with the Patent Rolls OU' 
which, we presume, they were recorded. 

As well as peers, baronets, and knighta we have 
also a list of those persons to whom Ueclarations o^ 
Noblesse were given. These ilo<'unient8 re<|uire 
explanation, as we have had nothing analagous in. 
this country. They were frci|uently required when. 
marriages were in contemplation, and many post* 
in Italy and France, though open to the follower* 
of the exiled family, could only be held by those 
jiroving that they were of gentle blood, and in most 
cases this could only be done by a ecrtiticate from 
the exiled king. The earliest of these lioouments 
is dated 15 <Jctober, Ki'.y, the latest, 27 January, 
1760. We have carefully examined this U«\'t \\«.\. 
of names. We need not »ti.^ WviV to».\\"5 oV \>sx«!wv 
are unknowu Ui \», Wv, <iV \\vov.c -k^ ».xvi *^^Jk^ 


NOTES AND QUERIES. iw" s. ii. aug. ao^ 

III one inii>ort&nt particular theHe iia|>ers tlirow a 
new light on ecolesiiuiticol history. Theexiled fStuart 
monarchs exercised what they uunceived to be their 
right to nominate to Irish Catholic sees, and to the 
parallel otiice of Vicarx Ajiostolic in KnglanJ and 
i^cotland. This continued for liiree-iiuarters of a 
-century. The last nomination to an IriAh see wa« 
in 176o. There is, we believe, still much confusion 
«.<< to the succession of the Irish Catholic bishops. 
The author's list, he tells us, contaiuR several 
names not in Gam s * Series Episcoporum Kcciesiiu 

There is one curious Anglican ai)poinlment well 
worth notice. Thomas Brown, 15.1)., Fellow of 
•St. John's ColleRe, Cambridge, was collated to the 
Archdeaconry of Norwich on 28 March, lOlM. The 
vacancy was caused by the death of the late 
archdeacon. Le N'cve'a 'Fasti' informs us that 
this ecclesiastic was John Cotiant, who die<i 
Q'i March, 1094. Thoniaa Urown is not meutiuned 
■by him, so we niav be sure that, whatever hi» rights 
■dejurr may haveljeen in the eyea of nonjurors, the 
appointment never took effect. The deprived 
tiichnp to whom the document was addres.ned was 
AVilliam Lloyd, who lived until 1710. Is anything 
known of Thomas Hrown? If a nonjuror, how 
came he to hold a .St. .John's fclIowHliip? 

We wish the Mar(|uis de Ruvigny had added 
to the other valuable information he has given a 
list of those who Butlureil death for the .Stuurt 
cause from the time of the " alxlication " of 
James IL downwards. A complet« catalogue nf 
these Jacobite martyrs has, we believe, never been 

Thk Iiilemiedittirt keeps up its reputation aa a 
treasury of general knowledge, yielding information 
on subjects so diverse as fashion in ba|)ti8nial names, 
vitrified forts, incubators, and muliidics caused by 
ftaints. As to thefle last, a corrcMpundeiit observes : 
" In Saintonge, or at any rat« in certain parts of 
that province, belief in the injuries intlicted by the 
saints on sucking children is still deeply root«d. 
Whenever a nursling pines away and suffers, it is 
because he is 'battudes saints.' Near Pons there 
is an old woman who has the B|ieciality of de- 
feating the malice of the blensed." The writer then 
describes the rite used to discover which nf the 
saints in the calendar are guilty, but adds that hn 
has not been able to find out what means are 
employed to apiiease the anger of these "'^lerf^'cu- 
t«ur8 niinbes." One wonders why missionaries tlock 
to India and China while sujierstilions connected 
with cursing'Wells, cursing-saints, and their like, 
still hold their own among the "civilized" inhabi- 
tants of western Kiirof*. It might be l>etter to 
complete the conversion of nominal Christians from 
the heathendom of their ancestors before under- 
taking to deal with the "puerile credulities'' of 
the East. 

•Fkom Si'Kl.i. TO Prayeu,' by R. R. Marett. is 
the chief pa|ier in the latest number of Polk-lort, 
and it is followed by an account of the forms of 
words used during the ceremonial which attends 
t lie work of a Toda dairy. After this article comes 
>lr. Clodd's obituary notice of Frederick York 
I'owcU, whose death inflicted a oevere loss on the 
Folk-lore iSocicty, and deprived England of a man 
inspired with tnat farrvaching sympathy which 
refutes to bo bound by insularity of rlioiight cha- 
nct«riatic of too many natives of the British Isles. 


" In the thinning ranks of the friend* who lovol 
'thJH side idolatry,' there is a gap that o«n 
be tilled. The iuHuence which stimulaied a ' 
tiupils to the (lursttit of knowledge and of lofty ii 
lias vanished." 

Mr. Thomas Tiiokp. of Reading, 
•St. Martin's Lane, has issued sit serie- 

EMtcards presenting views tif Eton, ^\ tola 
ugby, Christ's Hospital. Winchester, asndC 
house Schools as they a|ipcared iu Viii 
designs are taken from Ackennaim's * CoUq^ 
Public Schools,' and have, accordingly, mndil 
value as well as great interest. T'liey- an i 
command a large sale. 

TuE Clarendon Preas promises, under th«i 
editorship of M. Leon Delbos, M.A., a iioda 
French series of annotated texts from wntsni 
as Balxac, Tocqueville, Taine, (iautier> Jcc, 
tended for the use of students. 

Mf, S.\xi>.s & Co. promise 'The Chronid* 
the English Auguslinian Can ii ' ■•' *' 

at, Louvain, I54S In 1(125, i-c 
Hamilton, O.S. It. Tothisini). ^^ 

sheltered many English refugceti, alluisiutu 
found in ' N. -t y.' (see especially ri"" .S. \ 

The editor has addeil largely to the- : 1 

inner life of Calhulics, and the bi i 
full-page illustrations, portraits, an: 

Ot-n contributor Mn. W. E. A. Axiis, of the 
Manchester Free Library, has be«Ti selsct«il to 
speiik at the St. Louis Exhibition on ' The Library ' 
His colleague is Ur. (juido Biagi, of the Royal 
Medico- Laurenuan Library at Klorenoe, 

g^otirts to Corrfsptraifuti. 


Wt mxut call aptcial attention to (As /oUown^ 
notices ." — 

On all communications must be written the ■„_, 
and address of the sender, not uecesaarily for palj 
licatioD, but as a guarantee of good faith, 

Wk cannot undertake to answer queries pri%'at 

To secure insertion of conimunii-aiiun* 
spondents must observe the follow 
each note, query, or reply lie wrif 
slip of paper, with the signature ii 
such address as he wishes toa|ipear. W hen ■ 
ing queries, or making notes with regard lot 
entries in the paper, contributors ^rs reqBi 
put in parentheses, immeiliately *ft«r tlU> < 
neading, the series, volume, ana i>ag« or | 
which they refer. Corres|iondents who rejxat 
queries are requestetl to head ibe (ecusd com- 
munication "Duplicate." 

Lt'SKiNAN.— I'he first translation of lb* * Lnsiad,') 
we believe, is that of Richard Faashiw, UmdonJ 
Ifii'i, folio, 


Editorial comniunicaiions '•.« 

to "The Editor of ' Not«s »i .it 

tisements and Business Ivetu<i» lo mc i'a^ 
lisher"— at the Utfice, Br«aiii's Buildings, Cbtaettr 
Lane, E.C. 

We beg leave to state that we declioa t« i 
commaoications which, for any r«*«on, «• <b> i 
print ; and to this rule wa cMi maks no «sc«|intiul 


lo-a^iuo/ao.iwt] NOTES AND QUERIES. 



«ie offering for Sale, at greatly redaced Prices, many Thousands of Second-hand Books from 
their Circulating Library. 

Important Works of Hutory, Bi(^;rapby, Travel, Fiction, and all other Branches of 
'General Literature. 

Valuable Bemainders of Standard and other Publications, NEW AS PUBLISHED. 
Suitable for libraries (Public and Priyate), Book Clubs, Institutes, Beading Societies, &e.. 
School Prizes, Presents, &c 



Orders received at 186, Strand, London, W.C, and at the Railway Bookstalls, to which Books 

are forwarded, carriage paid. 

. . ' - ■ ■ ' A • — — 


«mbrace8 all the most important Works of General Literature and other Subjects of Popular 





186, 8TBAKD, LONDOK, W.a 

NOTES AND QUERIES. no-^ s. n. Atm. tt, 1901. 

" The SitTdnnert' Chronicle has fftlthfallj held to iU promises. It \t itill, today, the best (;iutl«aiB|f 
joartial, being indigpensable equally to the practical gardener and the man of soianoe, becaoM 
finds in it something useful. We wish the journal still further success." — Oarttn Flora, Berlin, Jan. IS 

"The Gardtmeri ChranieU is the leading horticultural journal of the world, and an bii 
publication. It has always excited our respectful admiration. A oountrr is honoured br the ] 
of such a publication, and the greatest honour we can aspire to is (« furnish our own country witll * 
journal as admirably oonducted," — Lti Semaine HorticoU, Feb, 13, 18!IT. 

"The Qarienert' Cltroniole is the most important horticultural journal in the world, and tiia 
generally acknowledge authority." — Le Uuniteur d' Horticulture, Sept., 1898. 





The Oldest Horticultural Newspaper. 



(The 'Times' of Horticulture.) 


Its Contributors comprise the most 

Experienced British Gardeners, 

ftnd many of the most 

Eminent Men of Science 

at Home and Abroad. 



Specimen Copy post free on application to the I'ublisher, 

H. G. COVE, 41, Wellington Street, Strand, London. 
Telegraphic Address-GARDCHRON. LONDON. Telephone No. IMS CBKBABD. 

\ • May be ordered of all BoohelUrs and Newmgentt, and at Uie RaiUtajr Boehtallt. 
rmbutttd w»«kir fcT/OHWC rRM«ciR ilt«TO»»«u»v»o.c<«»««nVk»».»a ■. M^rnatM m^imii idwako fb. 


% lilebinm of ItUerrommnnication 



**Whea found, mike a note ef." — Captain Cuttlb. 


, * . 


NOW KEADY, G*. net. 

We hftve t/t announce a new edition of tbU Dictionary. It flrtt nppeared at the end of '87. and wai qulokly dispotM 
A larger (and corrected) Itiue CKme out Id the iprloK of 18H9, and ii now out of print. The Third, publlibed on 
uly 14. oontAluB a large acceitlon of Jn]i)ortant matter. In the wny of celebrated bittorlcal and literary nylnfct and nut**, 
jBUch wanted to bring the DicMnnary to a mure complete form, and now appearing In Ita pageN for the flrit time. On 
(be other band, tbe pninltig knife liiu been freely used, and the exdiloni are numeroui. A raulMtude of trivial and 
•uperiltioui lt«'mi hare Lbui t>een cuat away wholeiale. leaving only those Htationa which were worthy of a place In a 
F etAnd&rd work of reference. Ai h remit, tbe actual number of qiiotatlons it lexi, nltbough It li hoped that the Improve- 
ment In quality will more tbnn oompentato for the loei In quantity. Tbe txwk baa, in ibort, been not. only revived, 
but rewritten throughout, and li not lo much a new edition as a new work. It will be lecn alfto that tbe quotatlona 
are much more " rnctmUM" than before, and that where any hlitory. atDry. or allu*Ion attache* to any particular 
aaying, tbe op|Kirtuiitty for t«tlllng tbe tale hai not been thrown away. In this way what la primarily taken up 
•a a tKKik of reference, may perhaps be retAlned In the band aa a piece of pleamtnt reading, that l» not devoid at 
Umea of tbe elemen^ti of humour niid amusement. One other feature of tbe volume, nnd perhaps lt« most 
%*aluable one, deserves to hit noticed. The previous »<1ltloris pror«>aaed to give not only the quotation, but Iia 
rvferenoe ; and, although performance fell very far sb'irt of promise. It was at that time tbe oulv dictionary of the kind 
pabllshed In ibis country that had t>een complied with that definite aim In view. In the present case no citation— with 
tbe exception of such unaOlliated things as proverbs, maxims, and mnttoea— has l>een admitted without lla author and 
pasMge, or the "chapter and verse' in which it mav be found, or on which It la founded. In order, however, not. to lose 
«lti>gelher, for want of IdentHicAtton, a numt^r nf otherwise deserving sayings, an appendix of ^t/etpota Is supplied, eon- 
[ elsUng of quiitattons which diber the editor hna failed to trace to their source, or tbe paternity of which has not tieen 
■•atUfactorlly proved. Thfre are four indexes— Aiitbnrs and authorities. Subject Index. Quotation Index, and Index of 
I Greek passages. Its deficiencleH notwithstanding, ' Claatieal and Foreign Quotations' has so far remained without a rival 
as a polyglot manual of Vit wot la' » famous layingi m fme pair of covern and of moderate dlmeoslODS, and Its greatly Improved 
qualities should confirm It still more firmly In public use and estimation. 

Price 3*. each, coloured edges. 

HANDBOOK for WRITERS and READERS, comprising Die- 

lionarj' of Blunders Corrected, 3.'5,OOU Synonjni.*, and f-eeretarj's Assistant and 
Correspondent's Guide. 




Iff. clotli ; 1«. 6'^ half-bound. 





A HANDY BOOK of SYNONYMS, containing about 

33 000 English Wonh. 

WHITTAKBB «c CO. 2, White Hart Street, Lo&^oc^'ft.C. 

NOTES AND QUERIES. iio"> s. ii. abc i:. iwl 




»'Kll\lllKNT INSTirt'TION 

FoBBdtfd lUV 

Kniiil* )>tr«»4 ri nutll 

Omne ■ Mvinnrtsl Hsll KnIldlBCi. )«. Pirrinffilo* SUvvt. Lofidoo. B.C. 


1 he Itlfhl Hob. thft KAKl. of UOBMBKHr .KG 

rr««iA«nt : 

Th«UI|htH»n thi* M'Ullbl.KMRiK.. 

Tn>»*nrvr : 


:i:. "ImB.* W C 

TrnBUat ' Bt omtio Metiit>m nf r-«mni(lt«« > ; 



ALKUKIt HKNUV HANCH Kiq -('hAirinkn Of CommitM*,. 

CUAHLKrt AWlMtV. K*<( , MA. 

oiumrm -niiit tn*utuui>n wm ««utiiiith«d m imi m the cxtj of 

Lnmlnn. tind«r thr J'r«Bldcnrr nf the Ikm Alderntaii Hftrmtr, for 
crknilnk' I'rnai'in* «n>t 'I'fri.rorBrT AHl*uuic« to ptlDclpkli and 
d«ui '^''tf «pft|Htr*. 

A iitntDlvft A Vlr«>-Cr«*ldMiC ftnd civet 

tiiri--' '■< K*<'h donatiUQ nr lltrnQ QuId^b* 

(ivc - ^ I ikfe Rver* Annual ttat>M-nl*Ar >• 

entiUci 111 •Jii'^ «<'tr iit ilU d* it-i-t'i* ib reipect of R«cn Fire (ihllltni* to 

HKUIIRKAHII* ~K*erv man and troman throoctiout the l.'nlt«4 

KlMI'tOfn. wh-'h*i- rMii,U.(<»r aftiKr rt^fMi'pr r..n,Uiinr rtf rfn- 

nlored. la n ' "Bjoy 

(ubeoeOi* '■ Mnc«e 

ror Lifa. r*'" *"- 

are, that »«4?li fanni>iatc *nall navr ixien 1 1 < t nirn 'ution 

fnr nut le«* ttiart t*n vear* precrdinf apfiltcain i • cnao 

flnr-ft*e Tear* of a«e . |.1i eMKA|[Bd la the me of n<— - ..i ivaat 

TfiQ v»ei« 

KRL.IIIF — T*rmi»or»rf rwtlet ta «l»en tn f»»ea nf dkitr«aR. nm only 
tn Merrl'fra nf tbt- lii«tllutloa. Imt to newavennora or ihvir avrvaou 
who mar ^ recnnimemled for AaaiatanfT ftr Uem 'wr* of U)« I neCltotion , 
laq«<rr it mft4* in toch raaea ttv ViMUnr comniili«r* and rcllvf ia 
ftwarded in aceardaac* wUb the meriuanii r«-qnirvni»ni« of «aett c&««. 
W WILKIK J<»NIUt. Kecrvtarr. 



KUW KSAOr, priM IOj. M. Ht 

N E R A I. 


Willi iDtnMlicUcin b; JOHRFH KMOH T, F II A. 

Thlt IniJeE U dfiuhtc ihr .I'fl or prerlnnt nncc, a« 1: «onlmlD«, Is 
UldlUon Ut tlt^ ntukl Tntlpi nr Autije«t«, tli» Varna* MItA Pvrodonyni* 

nf WriMn. wlh 1 ' '"Ir ('nBtrltmtknni rbc number ot 

^•••tsnt Coal •liat<- >"nbuorfrRd The rsslikbar rcMrw* 

Iha ritflil nl 'ii*rr.- '>( the Votum*' •! »ay llm«. Th« 

lionbvr prlBUiJ la li' • iTf>e baa bceo dittnt-uwd. 

rret br p°*t. ><■■' >■•< 

lOHM C. nuMCI«, A'aui nnJ Qurriti omce. Ilraam'a Malldlim, K c. 



to NOTKH tHUUUKUlKMrreehjpotcit lOi S.<.foritii Mon:^^ 
■r 3D«. w. fnr r«»lv« Monilii, inrlndtnr the Volama ladai —JOHti C 
PKANCU.y»lMa)»WOi«en«(Uilia«.Hreaiii t B«tldl*i|t.CbaD*ir« L*««| 

" Etzamlne well tour hloo>| He 

Fruiii John of Oauui <1otb hrlnc bit pedlrr** "— 8«««*aniiK«. 

A NCKSTKY, English. Srotoh, Iriftli. nnc) Americaa 
TK\0Kl>froni91'A'IK Kef-'OUIiH Hpr^.-lallty - Weet nf rjtgla«4| 
and Kmlirnfit Kantlhet -Mr. UU tNKI.M I'll AU. IT, ll«dIor4 Clf««a»J 
Baecer. AOd I, I'pbaiu l^ark UoAd. L-htawkk Ionian W 

V|R. L. CCTLI>ErON. 02, 

takM the tDraltbln^- ...... . • or 

Abetracu frum VHU.- tat»l 

tor GeaealocK-ftJ ev 

Abbrvvkaud Laiid 

Foreinn Ueaearci' r.ii.|oiri'* loir*! 

Private Collectlont .> idnc tor l-'lu^«. 

ADUqiurkan and ^ ,%i eesrcbeil tor and Copivtt at tki 

HrlUab Mnaeuni anu ■< .■■■■> 


X iT 

plied, ma matter oa what ltab]eet Acaanwiedcea to* wt>rld awe 
ae thr moaieanert Hoakflnderaffttaa:. Fleaa^itaia waata. — KA.IUfc'V 

Oraat Ko'>kthep. 14-16. Joba Hrirht fttreet. Siminitian. 


iTk* LKAllfCNHALL FHRSt Md , PaUlahera and Crlalvft. 
I ftO. Lea>l«Bh^l Siraoc. Lnixlon. K it i 

Coniatnt halrle** pafier over whioh the pen tllpe with aapta«< 
rr««'loni, f>tip»n«e each 11* per doien. rated or plata. New Vevb* 
HUe. ,1* per do«pn. rnled or plain 

Aathora ahnolii note thai The Leadenhall Preee, Ltd , eAoaat ' 
retpooaihle for the loea of HHS. b| flra ar otn«rwle«. Utiplleaia ea^w 
thaald be retained. 

STICK PH AST PASTK in miles better than Gum" 
for aiioklaK in >«<:rap«. Jntnlnit rapera, Ac 3<J . ft-l - an J I •. wiiri 
ftronit, u»«ful HrualMROta Vnjt. utend |w(i auiriip* to ei>«rr cntca^w 
for a aamnle Hottle. laclodioir Hrnan Ftitnry. tiutar Lnaf Cn«n, 
Laadaatall aireet. K.C. Uf aJI awciuaera. dttehphaai Fmetaacicaa. 


FKANCIS VrlBUtr of %ht 4l^•.«l.M.l. .V.l.a »>t.i Um.^.. _ 

tnttnn m Hl'HMIT MTIMAI'ltK tor all tiadt <>( HWIK, HBWsJ 
aad mKlouICAL PKINrlNO.— 1>, UfMin a Haildiaca. Ckw* 

Qaiat. plaauac. and c.ntrml Tbr«. minutea' walk from s R K A i; 
llmlnn. No athara taaan.— R. H . M. Qrova Hill hoad, raabrldc 



Antiqaahan and General Bookseller, 


Scottiih Topography and Kamily UUtory— Poetry 
— Ballads — Drama — Fine Arta— and Miscellanecos 

Catalogues sent free on application. 

(Continued on Third AdTortiiemeat Face.) 


Second-hand and New as Published, 


Suitable for Libraries (Public and Private), 
School Prizes, Presents, &c. 


Ordtra rtrttvU at 



w* 8. u. Ace. 27. 1901.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


LOyUOK, SATVtWAY, At GUST V. 1301.. 


CONTENTS. -No. 35. 

BOTBS :-"Tol<.," 161 — Cowper'j Lettcn, iii-PaneWt 
Music lor 'The Tempcit,' liH -The Tlilnking Horor, 165- 
'* Be»rile<l Ilhe the UArd "— WhiL*unciay In tbe 'Anglo- 
Saxon Obrnnlolo'-OoMimltli and a ScottUta PanpbraKr 
—Service Tree. IM— "BiiixinK," la;. 

gDBRIRS .- NlrhoUi Bllllnii«l<-y - " Biitt-ry"- 'Ooo.1y 
Two Shoei'— Porliigu**'.*' TcliKreea — Klrst.- Floor Krfi-o- 
lorie*— Murylclionr Lttrrftry «n»i Pblloiepltlcal S*>cl«'Iv — 
"•Vine" T«vern. Mllf Kn.l.' Ih;-" W.irk like • Troi»n "— 
St. Geortfe - BurK<>niu»t*frblx— Mornl 6tHn.tiinl«of Kurope 
— Flnchale Priory. Diirliiiin— ABlilmrner Farnlly of Olney 
— HkbiT'l Price," .MP- F»lkner l'aailly~MeiinerUiii In 
the D»rk Ages, In»-Klllft1 l.y * Look-Bvon Ward— 
Man/.onrK * Uetrothed ' — Tbackemy'f Picture*- London 
Cemeterlei in IfMO — Kugland'a IbhabilaaU in 160? — 
••Three Qunt," 1*. 

BEPLIKS : — Deaccmled Font*. 170 — Peilt and Pike — 
••Talented," Wii — Boliertilan Villages- lAtnlieth -"Ponll- 
ticate "-Riding the Black Kam — Admiral Sir Samuel 
Greig, I7'( — Antli^uarv I'. Antiquarian — Woffingt*>n — 
Black Dog Alley. Weatmlnater. ITl-Tei\ ai a .Meal— Fair 
Malil nl Kent — Rev. Jotin Williams— Storming ol Furl 
Moro— Orav> ' Klegv ' In lAtiu, K."!- Thomai Plgotl — 
I.oogeilTeUKT»m — Util. Wig. i;«— "Our Eleven n«y» "— 
Kdmuud Halley, Suriieon R.N.-Flilllp Baker, l;T. 

KOTBS ON BOOKS: -Spencer and Glllen'i •Northern 
Trlbei ol Central AviiltmlU '— 'Sllog»l>y and Slliigthy 
Caatle °— ' Oreat Maaten.' 

Oblluarin t— Col. Hunter Weaton ; Mr. P. A. Indcrwiok. 

BookMllen' Cataluguet. 

KoUm* to Oorreapondenta. 

" TOTK." 
At p. 449 of the last volume Mr. Hackett, 
of SVaaliitigton, saiil : " Tlie word ' tote,' 
Rieaning ' carrVi' was ao cotnmon at tlie South 
that it ii HAiA tliat a boy learning to add 
would plirase it thuH : ' Put down 7 and tote 
4.'" At p. 475 Prof. Skeat remarked that 
if Mr. Hackett "will be .so goorl as to wait 
till the last part of the ' Knglish Dialect Dic- 
tionary ' comes out, he will then be able to 
ascertain the facts as to the distribution of " 
the word tote. Meanwhile, as the word is 
generally regarded as of American origin, 
a.H its American hintory is little known, im 
misapprehension exists in regard to it, and 
as a possible aid to I'rof. Wriglit, may I be 
allowed to give some American examples ? 
It is not certain that the toU in Mr. 
Hackett's sentence is the same word as the 

oU in the extracts wliich follow ; at all 

vents, tlie two words arc differentiated in 

the 'Century Dictionary,' and we must wait 

for the completion of the ' E.D.D.' before this 

point can bo settled : — 

"A complaint anainst Major Robert Beverly, 

h»t when tliiH country [Virginia] had (according 
to order) railed (it) men to be an out-guard for the 
'iovcrnor: who not liodiiig the Governor nor their 

|i|H>inted Cotumandcr they were by Beverly com- 

manded to Roe to work, fall trees and oiawl and 
toat railea,"— lOj/, in Vu-ijima Maija-.iiit (IMM), ii. 

"On Monday Evening the Baronet [Sir F, Ber- 
nard, (ioyeriior of Masaachusetta] nueakod dovru to 
C.'Astle- William (in lioston harlwur], wlierc he lay 
that Night. The next Morning he was touted on 
board the Rippon, in a Canoe, or Tom Cod Catcher, 
or aotiie other small Boat."— 1769, 7 August, Jioi^ton 
Oa-.'ltc, p. 3, -2. 

" The fourth cloas of imiiroprietiea conaiat of locnl 
phranKK or Unit-. By these I mean such vulgarisms 
OS prevail in one part of a country and not in 

another 7. Tot is used for ''an//, in some of the 

southern states."— 17^1, J. Witherspoon, 'Works' 

(\mi). iv. 4ai, 47U. 

" ' 1 look after the cows, dig in the garden, beat 
out the flax, curry-comb the riding nag, cart all the 
woo<l, (oti the wheat to the mill, ana bring all the 
loKS to thescliool-houMe.'"— 1S0.S, J. Davis, 'Travels,' 
|i. .'tsil. The author, who is repeating the words of 
a negro, adds in a note ; " Tolt is the American for 
to carry." 

"Tote, r.t., to carry, convey, remove [Viri^. &c.]." 

— IKUi, N. Webster, 'Compendious Uiotiouarv.' 
p. 31.^ 

" Toti is marked by Mr. Webster " Virg.' But 
we lielieve it a native vulgarism of Massachusetts." 

— IfKK.I, MoHthty Antholonii. vii. 2(H. 

" We know not the origin of the word [lioll\ any 
more than of another fashionable Virginian term, 
' toting,' which is used instead of <rirrf/iiij^. When 
a member wishes to 'bolt,' he ' totes' himself out 
of the house before the ayes and noes are called." — 
1814, April 13, .Vf'c YoH Uualil, \k 3 4 

.^way she sail'd so gay and trim, 

Down to the CiallipugoH, 
And toted all the terrapins. 
And nabb'd the alijip'ry whalers. 
ISrj-l.'i. in J. Frtwt, ' Book of the Xavy ' ( 1(M'2), p. 309. 
" Totr.—l believe this word is ))eculiar to the 
states where slavery prevails, and it is probably 
an African word."— 1816, N. Webster, 'Letter to 
J. Pickering' (1N17). p. 25. 

"In my last, if 1 remember right, I toird yon (as 
they say in Virginia) up to Rivhinnnd, hy what may 
bn called a circumbendibus."— 1817, J. K. Paulding, 
' Ijcttcrs from the South,' i. j!». 

" Tuti, a slave word, is much used : imiilying 
both suslentatinn and locom<ition, as a slave a log, or 
a nurse a baby."— 18-4, H. C. Knight, 'Letters from 
South and West,' p. 82.^ 

" Here rP.iclimoiid, Va.] too you have the * paw 
and maw (pa and ma) ami 'tote,' with a long 
train of their kind."— IS'JO, Mrs. Anne Roysll, 
'Sketches,' p. 1-21. 

" I present the following beautiful specimen, 
r(il>ntmi, as it llowed from the lips of an Uhio 

And it's oh ! she was so neat a maid, 

That her stockings and her shoes 
She lotrjl in her lily white hands, 

For to keep them from the dews." 
1*28, J. Holl, ' Letters from the West,' ii. 91. 
"'Help yourself, stranger,' added the landlord, 
' while I tote your i]lunder iiilo the other room.'" — 
183.). C. F. Hoflman, ' Winter in the West,' ii. 147. 

" Tom was liberal, and supplied us with more 
thon wo wauled, and " toted,' by the ansialance of 
Sambo, his share [of honey] to bis own home." 
1.8r>». T. B. Tliorp, 'Hive of "the Bee-Hup 
p. 52. I 



NOTES AND QUERIES. no" s. u. au«. 27. 19M 

"Our narrator goes on to state that CicMr 
•lote<i' the feUow into the Wakaruaa camp."— 
1856, G. U. Brewenon, ' War in Kansas,' j). tiS. 

" Wo had taken the wrong road, and the Indian 

liad lost ua The Indian was greatly 9ur|>rised 

that we should have taken what he called a low ' 
(i.e., toto or toting or siipply) road, instead of a 
carry path."— 185", H. U. Thoreau, ' Maine Woods ' 

(isiii), pp. LW-;. 

" Will the Atlantic Club have Doni Pedro as its 
euest? It ha'i occurred to me that he would like it 
better than beiiiK toled about, InokinK at Boston 
public buildingsi.''— 1S76, J. O. Whittier, in 'Life 
and Letters (ISiUj.ii.b-Jl. 

" ' Tote ' has lonj; been recarded as a word of 
African origin, coutined to certain refnons where 
negroes al)Ound. A few years ago Mr. 0. A. 
Steiihens, in a story, mentioned an 'old toto road' 
in Maine. I wrotv to inijuire, and be told me 
that certain old portage roads, now abandoned, 

bor« that name ''rote' apitears to have been a 

well-understood Knglish word in the seventeenth 
century. It meant then, as now, to bear. 
Burlesque writers who represent a negro as 
'toting a horse to water' betray their ignorance. 
In Virginia English, the negro ' carries ' the horse 
to water by making the horse 'tote ' him."— 189-4, 
E. Reeleston, in Ocnlunj, xlviii. 874. 

" * 1 'd make it worth your while to bring it to us 
down here,' said Cecil. 'Humph!' returned the 
maker of beverages. ' I don't go totin' coffee all 
round the country.' " — 1000, D. 1>. Wells, 'His 
Lordship's Leopard,' p. li!0. 

In the Now York yation of 15 February, 
1894, Mr. P. A. Bruco cited the 1(;77 |>a38age, 
and remarked that t)ie small|ie<i.sof the negro 
population at that time " would render im- 
probable the supposition which ha-s some- 
tiniea been advancetl tliat the word had its 
origin with the negro race in this country " 
(p. 121). In the same paper Mr. W. O. 
Brown asserted that the word was "used in 
Middle England, Southern Yorkshire, and 
Lincolnshire, in exactly the same way that it 
is used in Eastern Virginia"; but neither 
Mr. Brown nor Dr. Eggleston gave proof of 
this assertion. The above extracts show that 
the word, though generally regarded as a 
Southernistn, is by no means confined to the 
South, and tiiat it was known in New Eng- 
land as early as 1769. In January, 1900, I 
received from a Boston firm an advertisement 
of "The Watson Tote Bag," which was de- 
clared to be the " best thing for hunting, 
tramping and fishing trips, for carrying coat, 
camera, blankets, lunch, ic," and was de- 
scribed as " made of stout canvass with draw 
rope mouth, or entrance to bag, and with 
flap to protect contents from rain, and is lo 
be earned on back same as knapsack." 

Albekt Mattuews. 

fiOttOD, U.S. 


(See tuitr, pp. 1, 42, X2, 122.) 
Pp. 62-t>3 :— 

Letter 14. 

,. . 01-y((ih > '•',-». ITBl 

It* IS well for IIS, llm' . 

Muster, Who has no need ot i>; .., 

not dismiss us for insuttieiency.t 1 li<>u|;h 

ImwI performances fall so far sihorl nf what 

entitled lo, yet He accepts Miom. ■ ■ . '. 

rebuke us, even for the worst. The i 

we are enabled to render to Kim, u 

from Himself. The desire and the j.uwer 

rived from Him ; yet He continues us in Ilia 

treats us as His children rather than as se 

satislies us with the fulness of His huuse, and 

ns with His own raiment, thf titjhf rou*- 

.lesus. Blc«»cd and Imppy an' 

this family ; they shall lievei 

wilful faults, evccpt in a way • : .■■ 

menl '. and in His own time their .M 

will make them heirs with Hisowi. 

Son, of an inheritance incorruptible ami uuili 

and that fadeth not awny. 

Vours, my dear Aunt, etc- etc 
On pp. C3-C7 follow first Mrs. Ciwper't 
note printed below the text, then Jmasatres 
from letters, apj)arciitly Cowpor's, and iMtJy 
a paragraph from .Martin Madati. 
Pp. 63-64 :— 

comes to town, I find, tin- '"■ oh! 

that she might return todume^ h»l 

is the wish of weak nature foj i,ot 

I check myself, when I rederl tlic- ! far 

exceeds even ours for ourst-lvea, ijm, -toe 

another, and that love is guided by v>4.....ii, .i.»ch 
cannot err, and indnbiubly knows what is belt 
for us. 

Kvery blessing attend you, bl- .git 

and on the loft Imiid, from the tout 

happy portion in time and ju ............ .aissn, 


Pp. 64-65 :—t 

We know that our gracious LorJ can sanitify the 
most unpromising dis]>ensuliona, to tli.i?.- ihn ], 
and trust in Him: and will guiile I! 
with equal safety through the thnri, 

this world, as He has <luiie tlir< ' 

"roses that once strewed our i 
danger is greatest where we art- 1 
state, and insensible of any. All 
from the world, and our strong , 
creature comforts, if it brings ii- •■ 
(assume whatever shape it may 
out which perha^is our hearts ii; 
eutangled in these pleasing xnarca toi <sv< 


• Mrs. Cowper'anote : "The former t .« 
letter was concerning a servant whom I , ii J ta 
missed for undertaking a place she »,i, ,■ ,<«7 
respect unfit for." 

1 To this passage seems to refer Mrn. Cawt^ 
uoteonp.03: "How buaiiiirullv .]...,« is <• jZtt 
even sentiments relating • 
his expressions ! how nai 

lead him i- ' ' ' 

tend to liL 
, VVnVW 

io'»8.iLAo^.-7,i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


Lot those redexiona cheer and comfort ua in the 
midst of the most trying Hcenea of this chiini;eable 
life: There is but Olio UDch&nKeal>le Rood I Posacst 
of that, we may look down on the perishing joya, 
we once thought of imiwrtance to our ha]>{iine8s. 
Yet alas I whilst I am advising others, X want 
teaching myself I Oh ! may Clod vouchsafe to be 
our Instructor, and by whatever means He knows 
most conducive to that happy end, lead ua elt'ectually 

to Himself, through time and eternity ! As to 

oh ! may God look upon her, and enable her to look 
up to Him I All worldly joys are imbittered in such 
a situation as hers. Oh ! that she may seek for, 
and find, the Lord of life and comfort ! who can 
alone say to the troubled heart, as He did once to 
the (creat deep, " I'eace, be still I" I hope all will 
lead to this most deRirable end, and then, as St. 
Paul* says : "These liglit alllictions, which are but 
for a moment, will work for her a far more exceed- 
ing and eternal wcicht of ,{lory." 'Ti» a comfort to 
think we are in His hands, who can turn and 
change alt hearts us it please.s Him, or, as it is 
betterexpressed. "asitseemeth best to His heavenly 
wisdom, not left to the wild efTectK of blind chance 
(as some are willing to suppose), nor to the conduct 
of that corrupted nature, we brought with us into 
the world : this is a comfort indeed. 

V—'a swift progress to great riches, is aniazing ! 
How many do we see. even of iiromising parts and 
abilities, that are yet "all their lifetime '(as}>hake- 
spearet aavs) "bound to shallows and to wretched- 
ness." Well, the all-wise Disposer of all things 
knows what is beat for all ! "Th« Judge of the 
whole earth must do right."t O may we ever 
submit every thought of our heart*,§ and every 
action of our lives to His guidance, who is not only 
wise and good, but is wisdom and goodness in the 
abstract : when wo turn our thoughts to this, how- 
mean must all the boasted merit of the creature 
apiiear ! 

I cannot know too much, nor suffer too much, for 
those I love, and these trying scenes have all their 
use, to wean from a worUl not designeil to make us 
ba^ipy ! and I think we ought, instead of praying 
to God to iwnove our atHictions,,, rather ueaeech 
Him to sanctify them to our souls. 1 imagine why 
"faith IS Boiiielinies (io( strongest, when human 
probabilities are weakest. "^i It is to shew us how 
apt we are-to lean on them for sup|iortaud comfort. 
O may <;od give us that victorious faith, that shall 
enable us to look above all to its blessed object I 
and then human probabilities will never nave 
power to flatter us with hope, or sink us with 
despair. We may, and must consider them, in 
their proper jilace, but with no degree of depend- 
ency on them. 

Though plungcil in ilia, and exercised with care, 

Yet never let tiie faithful soul despair. 

(tod can assuage or cure the dee]>est grief. 

Or by unseen expedients, bring relief. 
•Jliinion of .\l[artin] .MfadanJ. 

"The works of Richard I lax I er are worth read- 
ing ; he was a very great, learned and pious man ; 
but the l>est of men are but men, and therefore 

• 2 Cor. iv. 17~ ~ 

t -Julius Cftjaar." IV. iii. 218-2L 

I ften. xviii. 2."i. 

g Marginal nott: "July 19, 1708." 

II Corrected from "affections." 

1' Mrs. Cowper's note: "Oh, M-Iiy is not faith 
[ itrongetc, when human probabililiet are we«ke«t ! " 

their works to be read, with all that sort of oaution, 
which should lead us ever to stjuare all wo And ii> 
them, with the infallible rule of Uod's word." 

I'p. 67-70 :— 

Letter 13 fshould be 15]. 

No date but wrote tome in Dec' 1709. 

Printed in Wright, i, 107-0, out of its order 
P. 107. ]. 2 from foot, " left," MS. " left you" - 
p. 108 1. 6, "be interested," MS. "interest 
inyaolf"; 1. 8, "a worid I know," MS. "a 
world wliicii I know " ; 1. 14, "our inquiries," 
MS. "our misguided inquiries"; 1. 4 from 
foot, "and attend," MS. "and to attend"- 
1. 2 from foot, "unsiuful," MS. "universal "- 
p. 109, 1. 5, "but is," .MS. " makes lue" : 1. lo' 
"to bless." MS. "and bless." On the post- 
script, "N.B. 1 am not qiarried," Mrs.Cowper 
notes, " It was reported he was." 

Pp. 70-72, 10 Jan., 1769, "a letter from ." 

The tone of the letter resembles many of 
Cowpei's. "Self-lamentation" is the burden 
throughout. But as " my dearest sister" is 
addressed, p. 71 nie<i., an(f Mrs.Cowper would 
have had no motive in suppressing the name 
if it had been her cousin's, and the letter is 
not cumbered like the rest, it must not be 
included here. I see that the letter, like 
that on pp. 75-70, is included in inverted 
commas, and has a little o in the margin. 
These we learn from the fly-leaf "are taken 
from the letters of another dear and valuable 
friend." not Mrs. Cowpei's mother. On the 
tlyleaf of vol. iv. the secret is revealed ; tlio 
writer is Mrs. Maitland. Begins : " The 
sweet reverie, you send me, is one often in 
my wishes." Ends: "as Pope says, 'What 
dust we dote on, when 'tis man we love" 
It has ever proved a most quieting thought 
t(v me that ' the creatures are just what it 
pleaseth the wisdom of God to make them 
to us.'" A few lines from the end is the 
marginal date, " Jan. 9, 1769." 

Pp. 73-7 J: — 

Letter 15 [should be 10]. 
Dated O— y (Olnoy), Dec' 24, 1768. 

Mv ity.uK At'.NT,— My cousin Maria tells mo, yon 
long to hear from me, and I assure you, I have for 
a long time desired to write to you. My barrenness 
in spiritual things, has boon the cause of my silence 
\\ hen 1 can dculare, what (Jod hath done for my 
soul, with some sense of His goodness, then writing 
IB a pleasant employment: but to mention tho 
blessed name of my Lord and Master with dryness 
an<l hardnehs of heart, is painful and irksome tome 
He knows, however, that I desire nothing so m ucli 
as to glorify Him, and th at my chief burden* is that 

.u' ' Olne^ Hymni.' No. 18, "Hark, my soul ! it is 
the Lord, verse (J :— 

Lonl ! it is my chief complaint. 
That my lo\-o is weaU.a.T\<\\a:\w\.» 
Vet I VoN« 'V\\6e B.T\A ttAr>vo,— 
OVv". tot paceVo\oN*TV<i'e ^voxtX 


NOTES AND QUERIES, no* s. ii. aco. 27. iwn ^ 

I cannot ajicak more to his praise. In the worst 
times blessefl be His Name ! lean bear testimony 
to His faithfulness and truth : He has never left me 
since He first found* me, no, not for a moment. I 
know that the everlasting arm is underneath me, 
and the Eternal Ood my Refuge. O blessed state of 
a believing soul! who Irusteth in the Lord, and 
whose hofie the Lord is. The .-Miriiifhty hath graven 
him upon the palms of His hands, ami all his 
interests and concerns are uontiriualiy before Him. 
What a blessed peace belongs to this sweet persua- 
siou ! a jierauasion not founded in fancy, as the 
world profanely dreams, but built u|ion the sure 
Iiromise of an unchaiiging tio<l. Oid not the 
remainder of sin and unlielief, deprive us of much of 
our enjoyments, what a delighlful jvortion should wo 
liosseaseven here below ! How much of heaven does 
a believing view of JesuR, as our allsutiicieut good, 
bring down into the soul ! we soem to breathe the 
pure air of that better country, where all the 
inhabitants are holy, and more than seem to converse 
with God, for our fellowship is with the Father, 
and with His .Son .Tusus Christ. Truly the Lord is 
gracious ; blesHed are all they that wail for Him ! 
to as many as receive Him, gives He power to 
4>ecome the sons of (iod. May we always bo enabled 
to receive Him with our whole heart! .May we 
•charge our souls continually to lift up their ever- 
lasting gates, and admit this King_ uf (ilory, the 
C'hrist of Cod, in all the fulnesiB of ^{is free salva- 
tion: so shall we be the children of the Most High. 
Ue that is in us, will prove Himself greater than 
he that is in the world, uv giving more than snctory 
over all our enemies. The warfare seems often 
<lifKcult to us because we are weak, and the Lord ' 
keeps us sensible of our weakness, for wise and I 
cracious ends: but how easy it is in His hand, 
iVho hath on His vesture and on His thigh a name 
written. King of kings and Lord of lords t before 
^Vhom the powers of darkness are as nothing and 
less than nothing, and the legions of hell, with all 
their devices and subtleties, are as naked in Uis 
sight. Then let us not fear because of them, but 
he very courageous, for the Lord <Jod is with us; 
Ue it is that bghts for us : who can be against us ? 
Yours, my dear Aunt, iu the best bonds, 
etc. etc. 

Pp. 75-76, by the .^aine author as pp. 70-72. 
Dated 12 March. Begins: — 

May God bo for ever praised for the mercies as 
on this day vouchsafed us all iu the event you 

Further on : — 

What a strength of nature does it prove, that at 
such an age [r*4J,and so feeble a frame, the disso- 
lution should have so much to struggle with. May 
this dear and faithful servant of God and roan be 
enabled to wait the appointed hour of release, 
and then depart ia peace, her eyes seeing Thy 
salvation, o Lord ! 

Pp. 77-78 :— 

Letter U [should be 17]. 
Dated 0-y (OIney), Aug*' Zl" 17C9. 
Printed in Wright, i. llu-U. P. 110, 1. 2, 
" atHicting," MS. "afflictive"; 1. 8, "blessed 

• * The Task,' iii. 112-13:— 
There tras I found bv One who had HimieU 
2/eea hurt by the orcfaen. 

and Imppy," MS. "happy and bleaaod'j 
1. 11 from foot, "and when," ilS. " when* J 
1. ti from foot, ''trust in," MS. " trust" ; H 
from foot, "distress," MS. "a distrapk^ 
P. 11 1, at end of letter, "etc. etc." 

Pp. 79-80 :— 

Letter l.'i [should l>e 18]. 
Date March 5. 1770. 

Printedin Wright,!. Il(j-17. Begins' 
Cousin." P. 11«, 1. 4 of letter, " hopa," MSL 
" hopes " ; 1. 5, " only," omitted in M.S. ; L », i 
"beyond" MS. "out of." R 117, 1, 1, »fw 
" puii(ie<l " MS. adds " by the maijy f uruww 
into which He is pleased to east us. The world ' 
is a wildernass to me, and 1 desire to find it 
such, till it shall please the Lord to re^w 
rae from it" : 1. 6, after " praise " MS. add*: 

"My present atlliction is as great as moat I tarn 
experienced: but 

When 1 can hear my Saviour sAjr, 
8treugth shall bo eijual to tby day. 
Then I rejoice in deep distress. 
Leaning on all-sufficient grace, 
I beg you will i)rosent my atTectionate n t y tet < t» W 
the family you are with. I often tl; ' 
and, when I do so, I think we shall 
till the great Irum^ietbringBus toget I 
ajipear at the right hand of that bh- 
Kmanuel, Who has loved poor sium ; 
their sins in His own most precioux Ijich.mi. 

My poor brother is continually lalktnr >n > 
delirious manner, which makes it diificalt forms 
to know what I write. I must add no aim there- 
fore but that 1 am, my dear Cousin. 

S'oureeU. etc 
John E. B. Mavor. 

(To he eontiautd.) 

Prof. CuMMixtis, upon whom Hrni.. and 
the ' D.N.B.' base, assigns tlio c ■ :i of 

Henry Purcell's music for Sliad' vm 

of 'The Tempest ' to 1G90, a liiglii 
date. As I nave been at some ) ' i 
in my article in the March iiisue- •,£ Ami- 
(Halle), Shad well's so-called opera ■*» 
originally produced at the Duke's "Tiioum 
in Dorset Gardens, in April, lf!74. LAjpij 
based on the Dryden-Daveii.i' ' 'iiiotftv 

of 1667, its text is represen' ,. ^aatf- 

mous and mi:sleading qu.n .o issued ^ 
Herringman late in 1G74. Even if it ovtM 
bo shown that the opera was rcvi- ' ' "^ 
the probabilities are against itM /« 

provided willi a new score "f ^ 

Such a course would h.u 
followed unless it ha<l prove>i 
outset, and we know tho contrary to")w>t 
been the case. 

Beyond the fact that Pn 
\ s.\xV6"5U »X \X\ft \.\\j\*, I net 


io*s.ii.Aro.27.i9w.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 


doubting that Im 'Tempest' music was 
written for the original production of Sliad- 
well's opera in 1074. It is already conceded 
tliat Purcell composed for the same author's 
* Epsom Wells,' and that comedy had first 
seen the light in 1673. Everything points to 
the conclusion that in matter of creative 
lH)wer the master must rank among youthful 
prodigies. Onco admit this early flowering 
of Lis genius, and the mystery concerning 
the ' ^lacbeth ' score disappears into thin 

Let me say here that the 'D.N.B.' some- 
what confuses the issue by averring that 
Turcell's music was written for Dryden's 
' Tempest,' a palpable error, for the interpo- 
lated masque of Neptune set by iiim was (as 
I liave clearly shown in my Antjlia article) 
peculiar to tiie Shad well opera. This misstate- 
ment, as well as Prof. Cummings's erroneous 
date of 1690, is apparently based — if I reati 
Ft?tis aright— on a note in the ' Collection of 
Ayres composed for the Theatre,' published 
in 1697. 

After sifting all the evidence, I am of 
opinion that Purcell collaborated with 
Matthew Locke in writing the score for 
the Shadwell opei-a of 1674, the former 
providing the vocal, and the latter the 
instrumental, music. On the point of 
Locke's ' Tempest ' music authorities are 
very conflicting. Grove is even self - 
contradictory. Sii/j vi>ce ' Locke ' (where it is 
followed by the ' D.N.B.' and 'The Oxford 
History of Music'), we are told that in 1670 
Locke "renewed his connexion with the 
theatre liy furnishing the instrumental music 
for Dryden and Davenant's alteration of 
'The Tempest,' the vocal music being supplied 
by Hurafrey and Banister." Pausing merely 
to point out that the Dryden - Davenant 
'Tempest' was first produced at the Duke's 
Theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields on 7 November, 
1667, 1 turn to the .same ' Dictionary,' under 
'Macbeth Music,' where I learn incidentally 
that Locke " composed the instrumental 
music for Shakesjieare's ' Tempest ' in 1073," 
and that the score was published with the 
music for 'Psyche' in 1C75. Shakespeare's play 
is out of the question, for the unadulterated 
comedy was never seen on the stage during 
the latter half of the seventeenth century. 

In the third volume of 'The Oxford History 
of Music,' Sir C. Hubert H. Parry gives an 
interesting analysis of the highly dramatic 
music in I^ocke's "Curtain tune" for 'The 
Tempest.' One can very well see tliat this 
aerii'i uf wfll-contrasted movements formed 
til' and initiatory descriptive music 

to i ict of some ' Tempest ' piece ; but 

one cannot speak more definitely on the 
evidence, as the storm scene was common to 
both the Dryden-Davenant and tiie Shadwell 
versions. We must remember, however, that 
the former, unlike the semi-opera of 1674, 
had no elaborate musical or scenic adjunct.", 
and was simply a comedy with occasional 
songs sung by Ariel. Pepys speaks glowingly 
of tlie ingenuity shown in the setting of the 
"Echo" song, but it is extremely doubtful 
whetlier the comedy of 1667 were provided 
with specially composed instrumental music. 
The setting of the songs in this seems to have 
been the work of John Banister and Pelhaiit 
Humfrey. On this point Grove still maintains 
its roleof will-o'-the-wisp, leading the student 
into many a quagmire, for (stifi nomine 
Banister) it informs us that that composer 
wrote music in 1676, in conjunction with 
Humfrey, for some unspecified version of 
' The Tempest.' In that case Banister must 
have written under astral influence, for 
Humfrey died in 1674. 

In the rare, separately paged sheet inserted 
into some of the copies of the first volume of 
'Choice Ayres, Songs, and Dialogues' (1676), 
one finds, under tiie headinc 'The Ariel's 
Songs in the Play call'd The Tempest,' 
Humfrey's setting of ' Where the Bee Sucks.' 
This would apparently go to show that 
Humfrey had composed for the Dryden- 
Davenant comedy of November, 1G67 ; bub 
the point ia by no means assured, for Hum- 
frey at that time had only just returned 
from his long sojourn abroad, and was 
probably not in London for more than a. 
fortnight beforehand. W. J. L.vWRESCE. 


The Thinkixi; Hor-xe.— I copy the follow- 
ing extract from the Dail;/ Mud of 17 Aug. : 

"There is no diminution of interest in Iho mar- 
vellous hor«e Hana, who»e almost incredible feols 
are performed even in the absence of his teacber, 
Herr von Uelen. Not only does he read and under- 
stand human languftKo, but ho can reooRni'.e persona 
from their phot/juraiih". He was recently told to 
remember the jilirasc ' Forest and bridRe are occu- 
pied by the enemy,' and next day look his alphabet 
and spelt out the words correctly. Thousands of 
people, inchidinggonerolsand high officials, crpwdcd 
to Herr von Osten'a house to see the wonderful 
animal until the police closed the street, 'rho 
M inister for Kducation is about to aimoint a soientitio 
commission to observe Hans for a few mouths and 
issue a report." 

Wo seem to be on the traces of the Golden 
Ass. I can only commend a feed of rose- 
leaves in case we have smuo further instance 
of the influence of ThojtaB.lQ\\\».-Q. ^^*■^'°i^T- 
lu case U\tt fcxvfet\TO<i\N'^ %>:LtwyeA*, *''^"?: ^ 
1 qua<lru\>ed teaMtB«a\>.vfc >a.Msa».-o. iJw*.\fc-i>^' 


NOTES AND QUERIES. no-- s. il aco. 27. iwi. 

by. If any one will tive me further inforina- 
tiou about it I shall be much obliged. 

Puiup NoRNAjr. 

"Work like a Trojan."— The vicar of a 
church here, speaking, on the cover of his 
parish magazine, of some of his a.Hai!itants on 
a recent occasion, says that " they worked 
like Trojans," and then odds, with a touch of 
humour, in a paiontheais. " By the «ay, can 
any one .say exactly how Trojans <//'/ work ?" 
In otiier words, what is the origin of the 
expression ? As I have failed to find it in the 
Indexes of ' N. & Q.,' I venture to put it now 
as a query. W. T. Lynn. 


[A Trojan is a canting term for a resolute man, 
ooe not eiuily overcome or dismayed.] 

St. Georue. — Has tliis proverb on St. 
George any known source ? " Like St. George, 
always in li^s saddle, never on his way." It 
occurs in Clement Walker's 'History of 
Independency,' 'The Hysteria of the Two 
Junto's,' p. 13 (1648). Uegisald Haines. 


BuRiiOMAsTER Six. — Can any of your 
readers give me the arms of the Burgomaster 
Jan Six, the friend and patron of Bembrandt ? 
liietstap in the 'Armorial Gi-neral ' mentions 
two families of this name, viz., Six de 
Hillegom, Holland, and Six d'Oterleek. 
Holland, each bearing the same arms, Azure, 
two crescents in chief and an estoile in 
argent. Are both or either of those families 
descended from the burgomaster 1 

G. J. W. 

MoBAL Standards of EtrRoi-E.— An article 
in the Jnterinidmirt for 3iJ April, speaking of 
the marriages of brothers and sisters among 
Jews, Egyptians, Greeks, and Briton.s, remarks, 
*' Tous les empi'chements pour cause de 
narento qu'admet I'Eglise cathoHque aont 
d'origine, non pas juive, non pas mi-me 
chrutienne, mais roniaine." 

la there any adequate history of the 
development of tiie moral standards now 
accepted in Europe which explains whence 
our conceptions of right and wrong were 
derived i 

Though still faulty enough in that respect, 
the races with a preponderating share of 
Teutonic blood are said to be more truthful 
than the nations of Keltic type or than the 
peoples of the Mediterranean basin. Wlience 
did they derive the specially strong sentiment 
which makes it, theoretically at least, a 
disgrace &D(l a sign of efleminate cowardice 
^>r » wan to lie J A friend of mine iemn,ik« •. 

" iour slow - brAiiipd Tpnt.nn nn\v \ioa im 

sordid gain, and even then is conacions of 
wrongdoing; but the races with more 1« 
imaginations appear to indulge in mi 
merit as a pastime, for they reoognt 
distinct cleavage between fact and 
If this is correct, the virtue of trut_ 

has probably to do with physk _,, 

structure. Yet it may be aske<l, Wbeo aiwi 
how did it first appear in a suiiicient 
to bo noted as a racial cliaracteristic t 


Finchale Priory, Durham. — In or 
1866 a Mr. Charles Hensnmn obi 
prize of the Boyal Institute ■ 
Architects for a series of arcliu 
drawings of this priory. He sul 
placed all these at the disposal of 
Edward Bobert.', F.S.A., to illustrate i 
print-ed in their Jmir-nal {vol. xxiii. pp. 
Mr. Roberts, however, only<l a se" 
and stated in a foot-note, '' His drawi: 
in course of publication under Ins uwt 
tion." Were these ever published I 
when and where 1 Is anything cl.<w known { 
Mr. Hensman's work ? 

T. Caxn Hughes, M.A^ F.S^] 


AsHBURNEK Family of Olney, Buco.- 
I am desirous of compiling a pedigree 
family, and should much apprecial 
information your readers may hav 
Rev. Edw. Ashburner (1734-1804). a. 
of this family, was pastor of the N 
formist meeting-house at ro<jle. Dor 
The family were living at Olney abou 
Are they descended from the LadcmI 
family of that name 1 

Chas. Hall Crodcb. 

5, iirove Villas, Wanatead. 

Richard Price, M.I', ion Biuirjijuus, 
AND 1761.— What wB-s the date or approxji 
date of his birth 1 

Falkner or Faulkner F- 
anxious to ascertain the pan 
Falkner, paper-maker, Claverl 
who died in 1761, aged foi 
would Ije born about 1717. K 
it seems probaltle that lie waa 
family to settle in that jjarisli. Aaf* 
greatly oblige me. W. P. W. I>tituild 

124, ^'hancery Lane. 

ODCB. ^ 

H.C ^ 

our nlow-bnitied Teuton only \\ea lot\\,\\fc».vBtt\;v\ute 

Mesmerism in th 
Dr.WalfordHodif. tl 
was lecturing ii 
deen, on tin? rn- 
givinK ' 

10^ 8. 11. 



well known in the Dark Ages. Further- 
more, said he, sculptured stones have been 
found on which were portrayed persons under- 
going ttie niesiuuric art. Will any one confirm 
the authenticity of hi^ public statement I 
HOBERT MrutMii H Lawua.nce. 
"I, tJoD-Acoord .Slri'ct, .\lwrdeen, 

Kn.i,ED BY A Look.— In Bishon Westcott's 
'Life,' vol. i. p. 351, occurs the following foot- 
note ; — 

"AlxiiillhiK time my brother Brooke, who was 
readiDfi for a htstorv |'ri/e»t Chelteiilmtii, iiii|iaMeti 
to nie, iiiiiuii|;at oilier friiUs of his research, th»t 
Edward I. once killed a man by looking at him. Uf 
course, A8 in fritteriial <ltity bound, 1 suotfed At the 
idea, nud HUgtsested titut thu kinK brnndiahed hia 
hword in the poor man's face : but I believe it now." 

Where is this incident reoordefl ? In it a 
unique instance .' .T. H. McOovbun. 

.St. .Stephen's Rectory, C.-onM., Manuhester. 

Baron Ward. — Can any correspondent 
Rive tho birthplace of Baron Thomas Wan 1. 
Ijorn 1809 and dietl 18:(8? Tho accounts of 
his life I have read do not agree as to the 
place. William ANonrw.s. 

Hull lioyal Inititulioti. 

Manzom's •■ BETROTnKD.' — An £nglish 
translation of this celebrated novel was 
publithod by Bentlcy in 1846, being No. 4.3 
of his " Standard Novels and Romances." I 
believe another translation of this work was 
ts8Ue<l by some publisher in the fifties, but 
I am not i|uite certain. Perliaps some 
admirers of ' I I'romessi Sposi ' can tell me 
if this is tlie case, and if .so, the name of the 
publisher. Frekerh'k T. Hidgame. 

(A translation by Mrs. A|iel was issued, with tho 
ongiual text, by Coruish in IStiO. It wis in ISmo, 
l-Tice \t. Gil.i 

Thackeray's Prthees. — Can any one 
inform ino whether a public sale of the 
above was held, or wlielher any sale of them 
; took place, soon after the novelist's death ? 
Thackeray wais the fortunate recipient of 
numerous pictures and drawings from 
artists, and instances of works stated to 
have come fnim his collection being offere<] 

for sale by liealers hs^' •> under ray 

notice. W. B. H. 

LoNpo.v CKMKTKRirs IN i8i;<i.— I am search- 
ing for material for a biography of my little 
Liiistcr, Eliza I'^llen ; but i have been unable 
Jto find out where she was buried. 1 have 
lirritten to Somerset House, and also to the 
"present City otIiciaN of bmdon ; but they 
nave informed n)e timt they have no record 
of her burial, and that I must apply to tho 
.cemetery authorities whero aho wm interred. 

But to know in which cemetery she was 
interred is the puzzling question. Besides, I 
have no knowledge of the names of the 
cemeteries then in existence. She <iied in 
Fetter Lane, 21 June, law. Now, if some 
good reader of 'N. <kQ.' would supply me 
with the names and a<li]reases of the ceme- 
teries in use for London in June, ISdO, I 
should then be able to get searches made in 
all the cemetery records until I found the 
right one. This is the only way it is possible 
to find it. F. A. Hopkins. 

.~i3*), California Street, Los AtiKeles, Califuniia. 

England's Inhabitant3 in 1607.— Have 
there been preserved tho original MS. lists 
of the parochial assignments of tho tA.\ 
imposed on births, marriages, and burials 
by the Act 6 4 7 William i Marj', cap. 6 t 
Tnat they would be of very great service to 
the genealogist and the local historian is, of 
course, evident. Dunheved. 

"Three Guns."- In Strype's • Life of the 
Learned Sir Thomas Smith, Kt.,' printed in 
1608, I find on p. 'M the following pas- 
sage : — 

"And this was the Port he lived in before his 
loaving of Cambridue. He ke^it Three Servants, 
and Throe (.lUna, and Three Winter Oldings." 

In tho margin we are told that this hapfiened 
ill 1546, when Henry VIIL was still reigning, 
and just a year a^ter Koger Ascham pub- 
liahed his 'Toxophilus,' in which he says :— 

" Artillarie now a dayes is taken for .ii. thinge*: 
Gunnes and Kowes, which how moch they do in 
war, both dayly exiierience doeth t«)»ohe. iind also 
Peter Nannius a learned man of I a 

certayne dialo^o dolh very well set ' in 

thia is most notable, that when he li > •■'.•il 

excedynic rommoditics of both, and sumo discum- 
mo<lities of gunnes, as inlinile cost and oharce, 
eombersome carrisRe : and yf ll" ' ilo, tne 

vncertayne leuelyng, the peryll ' •'. stand 

by them, the esyer auoydyng by ' >lande 

far of: and yf Ihev bo lytic, the Icuo buth fearv 
and ieoi>erily is in ifieni, bcsydcall contrary wether 
and wynde, whichc byndereth them not a lytle: 
yet of all shotyni; he ■■aiinot rehene one discom- 
moditiu." — ArlMir'" reprint, p. fi'>. 

From this interesting pasMge one cannot 
help thinking; that Ascliam's treatise was 
written in defence of an expiring art. His 
great friend Sir Thomas .Smith, at all event^. 
had discarded the old weapon and armed his 
servants with the new. His income at that 
time amounted to upwanls of 120/. a year, 
which was a very largo sum in those days. 
Was ho com|)cllerl to !-■ ' d men-ser- 

vants in i>roportion to Ir, Is there 

any onlimmco to that elic..i ■ in that wa.v 
only, it seems to me, can the "Three G»va.i»"* 
be explaiivevL. iQ\vs.'\.»>iv.t.'*M. 


NOTES AND QUERIES. [lo* s. ii. ap... ot. 



(lO"" S. i. 488 ; ii. U2.) 

Althouoh ready to grant that old charch 
restoration often means churcli desecration, 
I think your correspondents under the above 
title are just a little severe. There are 
exceptional cases even in the views of church- 
waraena. I remember about thirty years afro, 
while acting as clerk of the vcorlcs at tno 
restoration of the old church of St. Hilda in 
the market-place of South Shields, there wa-s 
a disused font standing among the tombstones 
in the churchyard, which is there yet for any- 
tliing I know to the contrary. Mr. Pollard, 
a benevolent old warden, during a round of 
inspection hapjioning to bring it under ol)- 
.servation, exclaimed, in his dear old North- 
Country accent, "Puir old thing, that all of 
US' wee bit bairns were christened in I — give 
it a coat of paint." And the poor old thing 
was solaced with an affectionate coat of 
paint accordingly. 

A more serious case of real desecration 
occurred here, nearer home, within my 
recollection, now nearly half a century ago. 
The fine old parish cliurch of Northfleet, 
Kent, was undergoing restoration under the 
indefatigable care and generosity of a late 
rector, Mr. Southgate. A funeral had taken 
place in the churchyard, and after the service 
the undertaker's men, or a few of them, went 

about larking in the old church, and a 

foolish young fellow got up on to the font 

and was in the act of what I must mildly 

call "passing water" into it. The rector 

happened to have remained in the vestry, 

and accidentally emerging just at the moment, 

cried out, " What disgraceful conduct ! " and 

the young fellow in.stantly took to his heels. 

The rector, then himself a powerful young 

man, gave chase in his surplice, greatly to 

the astonishment of the villagers— it is a 

regular town now — and the unhappy youth 

wa.s relentlessly handed over to the justices. 

The father engaged a solicitor to deny and 

defend ; but, in spite of a subirequent abject 

apology and an offer of a donation to the 

churcii fund, the j'oung culprit had to 

undergo a term of incarceration in Maid- 
stone Gaol. Then occurred the next rather 

nuestionablo act as to a completion of the 

desecration. The rector declared that the 

font could never again be used for a sacred 

rite, and caused the massive relic, the basin 

of which wax kr^e enough for the comijlete 
immersion of a child, to be buriwl \n V,\\e\t>^^ 
churchyard, &nd a, new fout, of nwdertv «ia\ VQ uwi '.i^jNivo, va 

and style, placed in a new poulioo in te 


That is all ancient history now ; for U» 
whole matter was diiicreetly huahrd op 
as much as posxible. Since thuo, lb*l 
playful youth, who was taught » «la- 
tary lesson, has led an ' Mt 

exemplary life, and it has ur 

me that it is time that tin- o^ 
be unearthed once more, and r«- 
to some honourable position, it ..... ^-j 
original one, rather than that 
should have to trust to the chapter of . 
dents and an interesting possible fvgu^' 
archaeological discovery. 

CiiARLEii Coaaub 

The Shrubbery, Gravescud. 

Dr. FofisH\w will be glad to hear tint 
owing to the public sf)irit of Mr. WiUiam 
Winckley, F.S.A., a resident in thf pariili, llie i 
beautiful old font of 120ii was rr-»tor««i toj 
Harrow Church in IS-IO. I'lifi^: 
square plinth with its spurs wa>i : 
but sufficient Purlx'ck marble \^.^ ; 
the immediate neighbourhood t<i ;.-; y.'. 
damages w